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%%{
machine unicorn_http_common;
#### HTTP PROTOCOL GRAMMAR
# line endings
  CRLF = ("\r\n" | "\n");
# character types
CTL = (cntrl | 127);
safe = ("$" | "-" | "_" | ".");
extra = ("!" | "*" | "'" | "(" | ")" | ",");
reserved = (";" | "/" | "?" | ":" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+");
sorta_safe = ("\"" | "<" | ">");
unsafe = (CTL | " " | "#" | "%" | sorta_safe);
national = any -- (alpha | digit | reserved | extra | safe | unsafe);
unreserved = (alpha | digit | safe | extra | national);
escape = ("%" xdigit xdigit);
uchar = (unreserved | escape | sorta_safe);
pchar = (uchar | ":" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+");
tspecials = ("(" | ")" | "<" | ">" | "@" | "," | ";" | ":" | "\\" | "\"" | "/" | "[" | "]" | "?" | "=" | "{" | "}" | " " | "\t");
lws = (" " | "\t");
content = ((any -- CTL) | lws);
# elements
token = (ascii -- (CTL | tspecials));
# URI schemes and absolute paths
scheme = ( "http"i ("s"i)? ) $downcase_char >mark %scheme;
hostname = ((alnum | "-" | "." | "_")+ | ("[" (":" | xdigit)+ "]"));
host_with_port = (hostname (":" digit*)?) >mark %host;
userinfo = ((unreserved | escape | ";" | ":" | "&" | "=" | "+")+ "@")*;
path = ( pchar+ ( "/" pchar* )* ) ;
query = ( uchar | reserved )* %query_string ;
param = ( pchar | "/" )* ;
params = ( param ( ";" param )* ) ;
rel_path = (path? (";" params)? %request_path) ("?" %start_query query)?;
absolute_path = ( "/"+ rel_path );
path_uri = absolute_path > mark %request_uri;
Absolute_URI = (scheme "://" userinfo host_with_port path_uri);
Request_URI = ((absolute_path | "*") >mark %request_uri) | Absolute_URI;
Fragment = ( uchar | reserved )* >mark %fragment;
Method = (token){1,20} >mark %request_method;
GetOnly = "GET" >mark %request_method;
http_number = ( digit+ "." digit+ ) ;
HTTP_Version = ( "HTTP/" http_number ) >mark %http_version ;
Request_Line = ( Method " " Request_URI ("#" Fragment){0,1} " " HTTP_Version CRLF ) ;
field_name = ( token -- ":" )+ >start_field $snake_upcase_field %write_field;
field_value = content* >start_value %write_value;
value_cont = lws+ content* >start_value %write_cont_value;
message_header = ((field_name ":" lws* field_value)|value_cont) :> CRLF;
chunk_ext_val = token*;
chunk_ext_name = token*;
chunk_extension = ( ";" " "* chunk_ext_name ("=" chunk_ext_val)? )*;
last_chunk = "0"+ chunk_extension CRLF;
chunk_size = (xdigit* [1-9a-fA-F] xdigit*) $add_to_chunk_size;
chunk_end = CRLF;
chunk_body = any >skip_chunk_data;
chunk_begin = chunk_size chunk_extension CRLF;
chunk = chunk_begin chunk_body chunk_end;
ChunkedBody := chunk* last_chunk @end_chunked_body;
Trailers := (message_header)* CRLF @end_trailers;
FullRequest = Request_Line (message_header)* CRLF @header_done;
SimpleRequest = GetOnly " " Request_URI ("#"Fragment){0,1} CRLF @header_done;
main := FullRequest | SimpleRequest;
}%%