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Traffic Spec v1alpha1

This set of resources allows users to specify how their traffic looks. It is used in concert with access control and other policies to concretely define what should happen to specific types of traffic as it flows through the mesh.

There are many different protocols that users would like to have be part of a mesh. Right now, this is primarily HTTP, but it is possible to imagine a world where service meshes are aware of other protocols. Each resource in this specification is meant to match 1:1 with a specific protocol. This allows users to define the traffic in a protocol specific fashion.

Specification

HTTPRouteGroup

This resource is used to describe HTTP/1 and HTTP/2 traffic. It enumerates the routes that can be served by an application.

apiVersion: specs.smi-spec.io/v1alpha1
kind: HTTPRouteGroup
metadata:
  name: the-routes
matches:
- name: metrics
  pathRegex: "/metrics"
  methods:
  - GET
- name: health
  pathRegex: "/ping"
  methods: ["*"]

This example defines two matches, metrics and health. The name is the primary key and all fields are required. A regex is used to match against the URI and is anchored (^) to the beginning of the URI. Methods can either be specific (GET) or * to match all methods.

These routes have not yet been associated with any resources. See access control for an example of how routes become associated with applications serving traffic.

The matches field only applies to URIs. It is common to look at other parts of an HTTP request. This behaviour is not yet defined; however, the spec will be extended at a later date to accommodate capabilities such as HTTP header, Host, etc.

apiVersion: v1alpha1
kind: HTTPRouteGroup
metadata:
  name: the-routes
  namespace: default
matches:
- name: everything
  pathRegex: ".*"
  methods: ["*"]

This example defines a single route that matches anything.

TCPRoute

This resource is used to describe L4 TCP traffic. It is a simple route which configures an application to receive raw non protocol specific traffic.

apiVersion: specs.smi-spec.io/v1alpha1
kind: TCPRoute
metadata:
  name: tcp-route

Automatic Generation

While it is possible for users to create these by hand, the recommended pattern is for tools to do it for the users. OpenAPI specifications can be consumed to generate the list of routes. gRPC protobufs can similarly be used to automatically generate the list of routes from code.

Tradeoffs

  • These specifications are not directly associated with applications and other resources. They're used to describe the type of traffic flowing through a mesh and used by higher level policies such as access control or rate limiting. The policies themselves bind these routes to the applications serving traffic.

Out of scope

  • gRPC - there should be a gRPC specific traffic spec. As part of the first version, this has been left out as HTTPRouteGroup can be used in the interim.

  • Arbitrary header filtering - there should be a way to filter based on headers. This has been left out for now, but the specification should be expanded to address this use case.

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