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DavidMoeljadi edited this page Apr 13, 2018 · 28 revisions


This page is for a broad-coverage Indonesian Resource Grammar (INDRA) within the framework of Head Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) (Pollard and Sag, 1994) and Minimal Recursion Semantics (MRS) (Copestake et al., 2005).

Online Demo

Using Demophin (temporary server: Demophin) or delphin-viz Demo. You can parse simple sentences such as Adi tidur di sini "Adi sleeps here" and Adi mengejar Budi "Adi chases Budi".

Compare INDRA with other DELPH-IN HPSG grammars using TypediffTop (online version).


You can download the current grammar from the Github. You can get the grammar using the following command.

$ git clone



Phenomena in Indonesian



Moeljadi, David, Francis Bond, and Sanghoun Song (2015) Building an HPSG-based Indonesian Resource Grammar (INDRA). In Proceedings of the Grammar Engineering Across Frameworks (GEAF) Workshop, 53rd Annual Meeting of the ACL and 7th IJCNLP, pages 9–16, Beijing, China, July 26-31, 2015.

Moeljadi, David, Francis Bond, and Luís Morgado da Costa (2016) Basic copula clauses in Indonesian. In Proceedings of the Joint 2016 Conference on Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar and Lexical Functional Grammar, pages 442–456, Warsaw, Poland.


This grammar was supported in part by

  • MOE Tier 2 grant That's what you meant: a Rich Representation for Manipulation of Meaning (MOE ARC41/13)

  • MOE Tier 2 grant Grammar Matrix Reloaded: Syntax and Semantics of Affectedness (MOE ARC21/13)