A PHP library to deal with all those media services around, parsing their URLs and displaying their audios/videos.
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dereuromark Merge pull request #30 from nifflerco/patch-1
Added support for Bit.Tube
Latest commit aa978da Oct 4, 2018

README.md

MediaEmbed

Build Status Minimum PHP Version License Total Downloads Coding Standards

A utility library that generates HTML embed tags for audio or video located on a given URL. It also parses and validates given media URLs.

It currently works with 150+ services, including the most important ones like

  • YouTube
  • Dailymotion
  • MyVideo
  • Vimeo
  • Ustream

etc. With community driven updates this aims to be a complete and up-to-date service wrapper lib.

It uses iframes if possible, and has a fallback on the embed object if necessary.

Demo

https://sandbox.dereuromark.de/sandbox/media-embed

Requirements

Note

Please feel free to join in and help out to further improve or complete it. There are always some providers changing their URLs/API or some new ones which are not yet completed.

Installation

Run

composer require dereuromark/media-embed

This will get the latest tagged version for you.

Or manually add the dependency to your composer.json:

{
    "require": {
        "dereuromark/media-embed": "0.*"
    }
}

and run:

composer install

API Overview

Parsing

You can either use parseUrl() (default lookup) or parseId() (reverse lookup) of MediaEmbed. The latter is useful if you only store the "host slug" and "id" in the database instead of the complete URL. Both methods will return an MediaObject object, which will contain the parsed input.

Output

You can then display the HTML code with getEmbedCode() or retrieve more information using the getters of MediaObject.

Usage

The simplest usage, when included via composer autoload, would be:

// At the top of the file
use MediaEmbed\MediaEmbed;

// Somewhere in your (class) code
$MediaEmbed = new MediaEmbed();

Auto-transforming user posted URLs in inline content

Usually, users don't care or don't know how exactly a video is linked/embedded. So if they just paste the URL of the browser, you can directly replace those URLs with the HTML code of it:

// Process all links in some content
public function autoLink($text) {
	return preg_replace_callback(..., [&$this, '_linkUrls'], $text);
}

protected function _linkUrls($matches) {
	if (!isset($this->MediaEmbed)) {
		$this->MediaEmbed = new MediaEmbed();
	}
	$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseUrl($url);
	if ($MediaObject) {
		return $MediaObject->getEmbedCode();
	}
	// No media match found - normal <a href="...">...</a> replacing here
}

As this is costly when used at runtime, it is usually better to parse the URL upon save and transform it into a BBCode like syntax that can be translated into HTML quicker and easier.

Example with "host slug" and "id" saved in DB

When a URL is posted in the video field (varchar 255), we can extract the data from it and validate it:

$id = $host = null;
$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseUrl($url);
if ($MediaObject) {
	$id = $MediaObject->id();
	$host = $MediaObject->slug();
}

Those two values can be stored persistently (the complete URL including schema might change).

A helper method can then display it:

public function video($host, $id, array $options = []) {
	if (!isset($this->MediaEmbed)) {
		$this->MediaEmbed = new MediaEmbed($options);
	}
	$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseId($id, $host);
	if (!$MediaObject) {
		return '';
	}
	if (!empty($options['attributes'])) {
		foreach ($options['attributes'] as $attribute => $value) {
			$MediaObject->setAttribute($attribute, $value);
		}
	}
	return $MediaObject->getEmbedCode();
}

Customizing attributes and params in the embed code

This example shows you how to add custom attributes to the iframe tag or parameters to the src url (so you can add the autoplay parameter on youtube for example):

$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseUrl('http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=111111');
if ($MediaObject) {
	$MediaObject->setParam([
		'autoplay' => 1,
		'loop' => 1
	]);
	$MediaObject->setAttribute([
		'type' => null,
		'class' => 'iframe-class',
		'data-html5-parameter' => true
	]);

	return $MediaObject->getEmbedCode();
}

This should return and embed code like:

<embed src="http:/www.youtube.com/embed/111111?autoplay=1&amp;loop=1" class="iframe-class" data-html5-parameter></iframe>

Example with BBCode

Parse video content upon save (db input)

/**
 * @param mixed $string
 * @return string
 */
protected function _parseVideo($string) {
	return preg_replace_callback('/\[video=?(.*?)\](.*?)\[\/video\]/is', [$this, '_processVideo'], $string);
}

/**
 * @param array $params
 * @return string
 */
protected function _processVideo($params) {
	if (!isset($this->MediaEmbed)) {
		$this->MediaEmbed = new MediaEmbed();
	}
	$url = $params[2];
	if (strpos($url, 'www.') === 0) {
		$url = 'http://' . $url;
	}
	$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseUrl($url);
	if (!$MediaObject) {
		return $params[0];
	}
	$slug = $MediaObject->slug();
	if (!$slug) {
		$slug = $params[1];
	}
	if ($slug) {
		$slug = '=' . $slug;
	}
	$id = $MediaObject->id();
	$result = '[video' . $slug . ']' . $id . '[/video]';
	return $result;
}

So [video]http://www.youtube.com/v/123[/video] becomes [video=youtube]123[/video].

Display the resulting code snippet upon display

/**
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
public function prepareForOutput($string) {
	return preg_replace_callback('/\[video=?(.*?)\](.*?)\[\/video\]/is', [$this, '_finalizeVideo'], $string);
}

/**
 * @param array $params
 * @return string
 */
protected function _finalizeVideo($params) {
	if (!isset($this->MediaEmbed)) {
		$this->MediaEmbed = new MediaEmbed();
	}
	$host = $params[1];
	$id = $params[2];
	$MediaObject = $this->MediaEmbed->parseId($id, $host);
	if (!$MediaObject) {
		return $params[0];
	}

	return $MediaObject->getEmbedCode();
}

So [video]123[/video] becomes <iframe ...>...</iframe> or <object ...><embed src="..."</embed></object>.

More examples

You can see live examples when you get this repo running locally and browse to examples dir. index.php has a list of examples, you can live-preview. bbcode.php shows how to use it in save/read callbacks.

Contribute / TODOs

See wiki.

Looking forward for contributions, e.g. adding more yet missing services etc. Please provide a simple test URL and test case for any new service.

Run tests with

composer test-setup
composer test

Run coverage

composer test-coverage

and browse to the generated tmp/index.php via browser.

Run CS check/fix with

composer cs-check
composer cs-fix

Credits

Inspired by autoembed which already included most of the supported services and laid the foundation of this OOP approach here.