MongoDB logger for Rails 3
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README.md

MongodbLogger Build Status Dependency Status

MongodbLogger is a alternative logger for Rails 3, which log all requests of you application into MongoDB database. It:

  • simple to integrate into existing Rails 3 application;
  • allow to store all logs from web cluster into one scalable storage - MongoDB;
  • flexible schema of MongoDB allow to store and search any information from logs;
  • web panel allow filter logs, build graphs using MapReduce by information from logs;

Rails 3 support

Please note the latest version is compatible with rails 3.1.x or newer.

For rails 3.0.x latest version 0.2.8.

Installation

  1. Add the following to your Gemfile then refresh your dependencies by executing "bundle install" (or just simple "bundle"):

     gem "mongodb_logger"
    
  2. Add the following line to your ApplicationController:

     include MongodbLogger::Base
    
  3. For use with Heroku you need to prevent the rails_log_stdout plugin from being added by Heroku:

     mkdir vendor/plugins/rails_log_stdout
     touch vendor/plugins/rails_log_stdout/.gitkeep
    
  4. Add MongodbLogger settings to database.yml for each environment in which you want to use the MongodbLogger. The MongodbLogger will also look for a separate mongodb_logger.yml or mongoid.yml (if you are using mongoid) before looking in database.yml. In the mongodb_logger.yml and mongoid.yml case, the settings should be defined without the 'mongodb_logger' subkey.

    database.yml:

     development:
      adapter: postgresql
      database: my_app_development
      username: postgres
      mongodb_logger:
        database: my_app               # required (the only required setting)
        capsize: <%= 10.megabytes %>   # default: 250MB
        host: localhost                # default: localhost
        port: 27017                    # default: 27017
        replica_set: true              # default: false - Adds retries for ConnectionFailure during voting for replica set master
        safe_insert: false             # default: false - Enable/Disable safe inserts (wait for insert to propagate to all nodes)
        application_name: my_app       # default: Rails.application
        disable_file_logging: false    # default: false - disable logging into filesystem (only in MongoDB)
        collection: some_name          # default: Rails.env + "_log" - name of MongoDB collection
    

    mongodb_logger.yml:

     development:
       database: my_app
       capsize: <%= 10.megabytes %>
       host: localhost
       port: 27017
       replica_set: true
    

    Also you can use "url" parameter for setup connection to mongodb:

     development:
       url: mongodb://localhost:27017/my_app
       capsize: <%= 10.megabytes %>
    
  5. For using with MongoDB Replica Set (more info you can read by this link http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Replica+Sets). In config set list of [host, port] in key "hosts":

     development:
       database: my_app
       capsize: <%= 10.megabytes %>
       host: localhost
       port: 27017
       hosts:
         - - 127.0.0.1
           - 27018
         - - 127.0.0.1
           - 27019    
    
  6. For assets pipeline you can generate all js/css file into folder by rake task:

     rake mongodb_logger:assets:compile[public/assets]
    

For capistrano possible compile assets by receipt. Add this to config/deploy.rb:

    require 'mongodb_logger/capistrano'
    set :mongodb_logger_assets_dir, "public/assets" # where to put mongodb assets
    after 'deploy:update_code', 'mongodb_logger:precompile'

Usage

After success instalation of gem, a new MongoDB document (record) will be created for each request on your application, by default will record the following information: Runtime, IP Address, Request Time, Controller, Method, Action, Params, Application Name and All messages sent to the logger. The structure of the MongoDB document looks like this:

  {
    'action'           : action_name,
    'application_name' : application_name (rails root),
    'controller'       : controller_name,
    'ip'               : ip_address,
    'messages'         : {
                           'info'  : [ ],
                           'debug' : [ ],
                           'error' : [ ],
                           'warn'  : [ ],
                           'fatal' : [ ]
                         },
    'params'           : { },
    'path'             : path,
    'request_time'     : date_of_request,
    'runtime'          : elapsed_execution_time_in_milliseconds,
    'url'              : full_url,
    'method'           : request method (GET, POST, OPTIONS),
    'is_exception'     : true only for exceptions (in other cases this field miss)
  }

Beyond that, if you want to add extra information to the base of the document (let's say something like user_id on every request that it's available), you can just call the Rails.logger.add_metadata method on your logger like so (for example from a before_filter):

  # make sure we're using the MongodbLogger in this environment
  if Rails.logger.respond_to?(:add_metadata)
   Rails.logger.add_metadata(:user_id => @current_user.id)
  end

Callback on exceptions

For send email or do something on exception you can add callback:

MongodbLogger::Base.configure do |config|
  config.on_log_exception do |mongo_record|
    # do something with this data, for example - send email (better - by background job)
  end
end

In this callback send record without "_id", because logger not wait for insert response from MongoDB.

The Front End

To setup web interface in you Rails application, first of all create autoload file in you Rails application

File: you_rails_app/config/initializers/mongodb_logger.rb (example)

    require 'mongodb_logger/server' # required
    # this secure you web interface by basic auth, but you can skip this, if you no need this
    MongodbLogger::Server.use Rack::Auth::Basic do |username, password|
        [username, password] == ['admin', 'password']
    end

and just mount MongodbLogger::Server in rails routes:

File: you_rails_app/config/routes.rb

    mount MongodbLogger::Server.new, :at => "/mongodb"

Now you can see web interface by url "http://localhost:3000/mongodb"

If you've installed MongodbLogger as a gem and want running the front end without Rails application, you can do it by this command:

  mongodb_logger_web config.yml

where config.yml is config, similar to config of Rails apps, but without Rails.env. Example:

  database: app_logs_dev
  host: localhost
  port: 27017
  collection: development_log # set for see development logs

parameter "collection" should be set, if your set custom for your Rails application or start this front end not for production enviroment (by default taken "production_log" collection, in Rails application gem generate "#{Rails.env}_log" collection, if it is not defined in config).

It's a thin layer around rackup so it's configurable as well:

  mongodb_logger_web config.yml -p 8282

Passenger, Unicorn, Thin, etc.

Using Passenger, Unicorn, Thin, etc? MongodbLogger ships with a config.ru you can use. See guide:

Don't forget setup MONGODBLOGGERCONFIG env variable, which provide information about MongodbLogger config. Example starting with unicorn:

  MONGODBLOGGERCONFIG=examples/server_config.yml unicorn

Demo Application with MongodbLogger

Demo: http://demo-mongodb-logger.catware.org/

Demo Sources: https://github.com/le0pard/mongodb_logger_example_heroku

Querying via the Rails console

And now, for a couple quick examples on getting ahold of this log data... First, here's how to get a handle on the MongoDB from within a Rails console:

  >> db = Rails.logger.mongo_connection
  => #<Mongo::DB:0x007fdc7c65adc8 @name="monkey_logs_dev" ... >

  >> collection = db[Rails.logger.mongo_collection_name]
  => #<Mongo::Collection:0x007fdc7a4d12b0 @name="development_log" .. >

Once you've got the collection, you can find all requests for a specific user (with id):

  >> cursor = collection.find(:user_id => '12355')
  => #<Mongo::Cursor:0x1031a3e30 ... >
  >> cursor.count
  => 5

Find all requests that took more that one second to complete:

  >> collection.find({:runtime => {'$gt' => 1000}}).count
  => 3

Find all order#show requests with a particular order id (id=order_id):

  >> collection.find({"controller" => "order", "action"=> "show", "params.id" => order_id})

Find all requests with an exception that contains "RoutingError" in the message or stack trace:

  >> collection.find({"messages.error" => /RoutingError/})

Find all requests with errors:

  >> collection.find({"is_exception" => true})

Find all requests with a request_date greater than '11/18/2010 22:59:52 GMT'

  >> collection.find({:request_time => {'$gt' => Time.utc(2010, 11, 18, 22, 59, 52)}})

Copyright (c) 2009-2012 Phil Burrows, CustomInk (based on https://github.com/customink/central_logger) and Leopard released under the MIT license