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Regions provide consistent methods to manage, show and close views in your applications and layouts. They use a jQuery selector to show your views in the correct place.

Using the Layout class you can create nested regions.

Documentation Index

Defining An Application Region

You can add regions to your applications by calling the addRegions method on your application instance. This method expects a single hash parameter, with named regions and either jQuery selectors or Region objects. You may call this method as many times as you like, and it will continue adding regions to the app.

  mainRegion: "#main-content",
  navigationRegion: "#navigation"

As soon as you call addRegions, your regions are available on your app object. In the above, example MyApp.mainRegion and MyApp.navigationRegion would be available for use immediately.

If you specify the same region name twice, the last one in wins.

You can also add regions via Layouts:

AppLayout = Backbone.Marionette.Layout.extend({
  template: "#layout-template",

  regions: {
    menu: "#menu",
    content: "#content"
var layout = new AppLayout();
layout.render(); MenuView()); MainContentView());

Initialize A Region With An el

You can specify an el for the region to manage at the time that the region is instantiated:

var mgr = new Backbone.Marionette.Region({
  el: "#someElement"

Basic Use

Showing a View

Once a region is defined, you can call its show and close methods to display and shut-down a view:

var myView = new MyView();

// render and display the view;

// closes the current view

If you replace the current view with a new view by calling show, by default it will automatically close the previous view. You can prevent this behavior by passing {preventClose: true} in the options parameter. Several events will also be triggered on the views; see Region Events And Callbacks for details.

// Show the first view.
var myView = new MyView();;

// Replace the view with another. The
// `close` method is called for you
var anotherView = new AnotherView();;

// Replace the view with another.
// Prevent `close` from being called
var anotherView2 = new AnotherView();, { preventClose: true });

NOTE: When using preventClose: true you must be careful to cleanup your old views manually to prevent memory leaks.

reset A Region

A region can be reset at any time. This closes any existing view being displayed, and deletes the cached el. The next time the region shows a view, the region's el is queried from the DOM.


This is useful when regions are re-used across view instances, and in unit testing.

Set How View's el Is Attached

Override the region's open method to change how the view is attached to the DOM. This method receives one parameter - the view to show.

The default implementation of open is: = function(view){

This replaces the contents of the region with the view's el / content. You can override open for transition effects and more. = function(view){

This example will cause a view to slide down from the top of the region, instead of just appearing in place.

Attach Existing View

There are some scenarios where it's desirable to attach an existing view to a region , without rendering or showing the view, and without replacing the HTML content of the region. For example, SEO and accessibiliy often need HTML to be generated by the server, and progressive enhancement of the HTML.

There are two ways to accomplish this:

  • set the currentView in the region's constructor
  • call attachView on the region instance

Set currentView On Initialization

var myView = new MyView({
  el: $("#existing-view-stuff")

var region = new Backbone.Marionette.Region({
  el: "#content",
  currentView: myView

Call attachView On Region

  someRegion: "#content"

var myView = new MyView({
  el: $("#existing-view-stuff")


Region Events And Callbacks

Events raised during show:

A region will raise a few events when showing and closing views:

  • "before:show" / onBeforeShow - Called on the view instance after the view has been rendered, but before its been displayed.
  • "before:show" / onBeforeShow - Called on the region instance after the view has been rendered, but before its been displayed.
  • "show" / onShow - Called on the view instance when the view has been rendered and displayed.
  • "show" / onShow - Called on the region instance when the view has been rendered and displayed.
  • "close" / onClose - Called when the view has been closed.

These events can be used to run code when your region opens and closes views.

MyApp.mainRegion.on("before:show", function(view){
  // manipulate the `view` or do something extra
  // with the region via `this`

MyApp.mainRegion.on("show", function(view){
  // manipulate the `view` or do something extra
  // with the region via `this`

MyApp.mainRegion.on("close", function(view){
  // manipulate the `view` or do something extra
  // with the region via `this`

MyRegion = Backbone.Marionette.Region.extend({
  // ...

  onBeforeShow: function(view) {
    // the `view` has not been shown yet

  onShow: function(view){
    // the `view` has been shown

MyView = Marionette.ItemView.extend({
  onBeforeShow: function() {
    // called before the view has been shown
  onShow: function(){
    // called when the view has been shown

Custom Region Types

You can define a custom region by extending from Region. This allows you to create new functionality, or provide a base set of functionality for your app.

Attaching Custom Region Types

Once you define a region type, you can attach the new region type by specifying the region type as the value. In this case, addRegions expects the constructor itself, not an instance.

var FooterRegion = Backbone.Marionette.Region.extend({
  el: "#footer"

  footerRegion: FooterRegion

You can also specify a selector for the region by using an object literal for the configuration.

var FooterRegion = Backbone.Marionette.Region.extend({
  el: "#footer"

  footerRegion: {
    selector: "#footer",
    regionType: FooterRegion

Note that a region must have an element to attach itself to. If you do not specify a selector when attaching the region instance to your Application or Layout, the region must provide an el either in its definition or constructor options.

Instantiate Your Own Region

There may be times when you want to add a region to your application after your app is up and running. To do this, you'll need to extend from Region as shown above and then use that constructor function on your own:

var SomeRegion = Backbone.Marionette.Region.extend({
  el: "#some-div",

  initialize: function(options){
    // your init code, here

MyApp.someRegion = new SomeRegion();;

You can optionally add an initialize function to your Region definition as shown in this example. It receives the options that were passed to the constructor of the Region, similar to a Backbone.View.

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