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Introduction

This is the documentation for Twig, the flexible, fast, and secure template engine for PHP.

If you have any exposure to other text-based template languages, such as Smarty, Django, or Jinja, you should feel right at home with Twig. It's both designer and developer friendly by sticking to PHP's principles and adding functionality useful for templating environments.

The key-features are...

  • Fast: Twig compiles templates down to plain optimized PHP code. The overhead compared to regular PHP code was reduced to the very minimum.
  • Secure: Twig has a sandbox mode to evaluate untrusted template code. This allows Twig to be used as a template language for applications where users may modify the template design.
  • Flexible: Twig is powered by a flexible lexer and parser. This allows the developer to define its own custom tags and filters, and create its own DSL.

Prerequisites

Twig needs at least PHP 5.2.4 to run.

Installation

You have multiple ways to install Twig. If you are unsure what to do, go with the tarball.

Installing from the tarball release

  1. Download the most recent tarball from the download page
  2. Unpack the tarball
  3. Move the files somewhere in your project

Installing the development version

  1. Install Subversion or Git
  2. For Git: git clone git://github.com/fabpot/Twig.git
  3. For Subversion: svn co http://svn.twig-project.org/trunk/ twig

Installing the PEAR package

  1. Install PEAR
  2. pear channel-discover pear.twig-project.org
  3. pear install twig/Twig (or pear install twig/Twig-beta)

Installing via Composer

  1. Install composer in your project:
curl -s http://getcomposer.org/installer | php
  1. Create a composer.json file in your project root:
{
    "require": {
        "twig/twig": "1.*"
    }
}
  1. Install via composer
php composer.phar install

Note

If you want to learn more about Composer, the composer.json file syntax and its usage, you can read the online documentation.

Installing the C extension

Twig comes with a C extension that enhances the performance of the Twig runtime engine. You can install it like any other PHP extension:

$ cd ext/twig
$ phpize
$ ./configure
$ make
$ make install

Finally, enable the extension in your php.ini configuration file:

extension=twig.so

And from now on, Twig will automatically compile your templates to take advantage of the C extension. Note that this extension does not replace the PHP code but only provides an optimized version of the Twig_Template::getAttribute() method.

Tip

On Windows, you can also simply download and install a pre-build DLL.

Basic API Usage

This section gives you a brief introduction to the PHP API for Twig.

The first step to use Twig is to register its autoloader:

require_once '/path/to/lib/Twig/Autoloader.php';
Twig_Autoloader::register();

Replace the /path/to/lib/ path with the path you used for Twig installation.

If you have installed Twig via Composer you can take advantage of Composer's autoload mechanism by replacing the previous snippet for:

require_once '/path/to/vendor/autoload.php'

Note

Twig follows the PEAR convention names for its classes, which means you can easily integrate Twig classes loading in your own autoloader.

$loader = new Twig_Loader_String();
$twig = new Twig_Environment($loader);

echo $twig->render('Hello {{ name }}!', array('name' => 'Fabien'));

Twig uses a loader (Twig_Loader_String) to locate templates, and an environment (Twig_Environment) to store the configuration.

The render() method loads the template passed as a first argument and renders it with the variables passed as a second argument.

As templates are generally stored on the filesystem, Twig also comes with a filesystem loader:

$loader = new Twig_Loader_Filesystem('/path/to/templates');
$twig = new Twig_Environment($loader, array(
    'cache' => '/path/to/compilation_cache',
));

echo $twig->render('index.html', array('name' => 'Fabien'));
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