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Sqerl is a domain specific embedded language for expressing SQL statements in Erlang as well as a library for generating the literal equivalents of Sqerl expressions.

Sqerl lets you describe SQL queries using a combination of Erlang lists, tuples, atoms and values in a way that resembles the structure of SQL statements. You can pass this structure to the sql/1 or sql/2 functions, which parse it and return an iolist (a tree of strings and/or binaries) or a single binary, either of which can be sent to database engine through a socket (usually via a database-specific driver).

Sqerl supports a large subset of the SQL language implemented by some popular RDBMS's, including most common INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE and SELECT statements. Sqerl can generate complex queries including those with unions, nested statements and aggregate functions, but it does not currently attempt to cover every feature and extension of the SQL language.

Sqerl's benefits are:

  • Easy dynamic generation of SQL queries from Erlang by combining native Erlang types rather than string fragments.
  • Prevention of most, if not all, SQL injection attacks by assuring that all string values are properly escaped.
  • Efficient generation of iolists as nested lists of binaries.

Warning: Sqerl allows you to write verbatim WHERE clauses as well as verbatim LIMIT and other trailing clauses, but using this feature is highly discouraged because it exposes you to SQL injection attacks.

For usage examples, look at the file test/sqerl_tests.erl.


Almost entirely based on ErlyWeb's ErlSQL by Yariv Sadan.


An Erlang-flavoured SQL DSL




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