Don’t know what Minecraft is? Read Introduction to Minecraft!
Forge is for client-side modding, which only works if you have the mod installed. With Forge, you can do lots of cool things like making new blocks, items, mobs, and even biomes and dimensions.
Minecraft Modding workshops (summer 2020)
Spigot is for server-side modding, and anyone who connects to the server can enjoy the mods installed. Most big servers, like Mineplex and Hypixel, are Spigot servers.