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decompyle -- A Python byte-code decompiler
2.3
2004-12-12
Introduction
------------
'decompyle' converts Python byte-code back into equivalent Python
source. It accepts byte-code from any Python version starting with 1.5
up to 2.3.
The generated source is very readable: docstrings, lists, tuples and
hashes get pretty-printed.
'decompyle' may also verify the equivalence of the generated source by
by compiling it and comparing both byte-codes.
'decompyle' is based on John Aycock's generic small languages compiler
'spark' (http://www.csr.uvic.ca/~aycock/python/) and his prior work on
'decompyle'.
Additional note (3 July 2004, Ben Burton):
The original website from which this software was obtained is no longer
available. It has now become a commercial decompilation service, with
no software available for download.
Any developers seeking to make alterations or enhancements to this code
should therefore consider these debian packages an appropriate starting
point.
Features
--------
* decompyles Python byte-code into equivalent Python source
* decompyles byte-code from Python versions 1.5 up to 2.3
* pretty-prints docstrings, hashes, lists and tuples
* supports an option for verifing the generated Python source is
equivalent to the byte-code. This is done by compiling the
generated source and comparing both byte-codes.
* decompyles and successfully verifies 100% of the Python 1.5, 2.0,
2.1 and 2.2 library
* decompyles and successfully verifies 100% of the Python 1.5
library, including lib-stdwin, lib-tk, gnome and gtk.
* reads directly from .pyc/.pyo files, bulk-decompyle whole
directories
* output may be written to file, a directory or to stdout
* option for including byte-code disassembly into generated source
* If translation fails, the part causing the problem is output. This
helps improofing 'decompyle'. If this happens to you, please
contact the author.
For a list of changes please refer to the 'CHANGES' file.
Requirements
------------
'decompyle' requires Python 2.2 or later.
Installation
------------
You may either create a RPM and install this, or install directly from
the source distribution.
Creating RPMS:
python setup.py bdist_rpm
If you need to force the python interpreter to eg. pyton2:
python2 setup.py bdist_rpm --python=python2
Installation from the source distribution:
python setup.py install
To install to a user's home-dir:
python setup.py install --home=<dir>
To install to another prefix (eg. /usr/local)
python setup.py install --prefix=/usr/local
If you need to force the python interpreter to eg. pyton2:
python2 setup.py install
For more information on 'Installing Python Modules' please refer to
http://www.python.org/doc/current/inst/inst.html
Usage
-----
decompyle -h prints short usage
decompyle --help prints long usage
Known Bugs/Restrictions
-----------------------
* EXTENDED_ARG token is untested (this is a new token for Python 2.0
which is used only if many items exist within a code object).
* Verifying decompyled source with optizimzed byte code (.pyo) when
running without optimizations (option '-O' not given) fails in most
cases. Same is true for vis-a-versa. This is due to the fact that
Python generated different bytecode depending on option '-O'.
* Python 2.2 generated different byte-code than prior version for the
same source. This is due the intruduction of iterators. Currently
'decompyle' fails verifying this source if the byte-code was
generated by an older version of Python.