Pymacs — Notes
Pymacs is a powerful tool which, once started from Emacs, allows both-way communication between Emacs Lisp and Python. Pymacs aims Python as an extension language for Emacs rather than the other way around, and this asymmetry is reflected in some design choices. Within Emacs Lisp code, one may load and use Python modules. Python functions may themselves use Emacs services, and handle Emacs Lisp objects kept in Emacs Lisp space.
There is a new (as of May 2017) shell script that installs Pymacs into a virtual environment, if you have one activated, or into the system python (with –user) if not. Type the following commands into your shell:
If you don’t have wget (e.g., MacOS before `brew install wget`) you can use:
curl -L -O https://github.com/dgentry/Pymacs/raw/master/install-pymacs.sh
Then execute the script with:
chmod +x install-pymacs.sh ./install-pymacs.sh
The script is a distillation of all the installation advice I’ve found in
various blog posts, etc. It installs
Pymacs’ tests, and ultimately checks that Pymacs works, with
python -c ’
Also, the following links are old, but now point to the most recent archived version of François Pinard’s website that seemed to contain these files:
The Pymacs manual (either in HTML format or PDF format) has installation instructions, a full description of the API, pointers to documented examples, to resources, and to other Pymacs sites or projects. The distribution also includes the Poor’s Python Pre-Processor (pppp) and its manual (either in HTML format or PDF format).
|This file||Belorussian||Paul Bukhovko|
|This file||German||Anastasiya Romanova||[2012-04-09]|
|Pymacs manual||Romanian||Alexander Ovsov|
Notes for 0.26
<<2017-07-10>> [2017-07-10 lun] New release.
Pymacs 0.26 is available at its new location:
- Tarball at https://github.com/dgentry/Pymacs/tarball/v0.26
- Zipped tarball at https://github.com/dgentry/Pymacs/zipball/v0.26
The changes are:
- New maintainer and location because, very sadly, François Pinard died in April 2014. Switched references to the archived version of the website because the original is offline.
- There is a new (much simpler for most people) way to install Pymacs,
install-pymacs.sh. It performs the combined setup tasks that were the subject of many blog posts. If I missed something, please let me know or create a pull request.
- A couple of improvements to the internal tests.
Notes for 0.25
<<2012-05-07>> [2012-05-07 lun] Hi everybody.
Pymacs 0.25 is now available. You may fetch it as one of:
depending on if you want a tar or zip archive.
The installation process was modified:
- Python 3 is now supported. This required new installation mechanics, and a Python pre-processor written for the circumstance (named pppp).
- Pymacs now installs a single Python file instead of a Python module. This does not affect users — except maybe a few who chose to depend on undocumented internals.
The specifications are pretty stable. A few additions occurred:
- Variable pymacs-python-command may select which Python interpreter to use.
- A pymacs-auto-restart variable lets the user decide what to do if the Pymacs helper aborts.
- The Let class got a pops method which pops everything in a single call.
- A new API function pymacs-autoload serves lazy imports.
There also are miscellaneous changes:
- Some errors have been corrected, both in the code and in the manual.
- The Emacs Lisp source has been massaged so to become uploadable in ELPA’s (Emacs Lisp Packages Archives).
XEmacs support seems to be broken, and Jython 2.2 support does not work yet. As I am not much of a user of either, this is kept on ice currently. Interested collaborators and testers, contact me if you feel like pushing in these areas!
Nice thanks to Pymacs contributors. It was much fun working with you all!
Notes for 0.24
Whenever I tag a version
-betaN or such, it might not be fully ready
for public distribution, this is a welcome defect that ELPA cannot
grok such versions. Someone wanting to upload Pymacs nevertheless
found his way around the limitation by renaming the version, I guess
0.24. Undoubtedly, it would have been polite to
check with me first… As beta releases come before real releases, it
should really have been
0.23. Anyway, Marmelade now has a Pymacs
0.24. For avoiding any more confusion, I’m skipping
0.24 — such a
version does not officially exist.
Notes for 0.23
<<2008-02-15>> [2008-02-15 ven] Hello to everybody, and Emacs users in the Python community.
Here is Pymacs 0.23! There has been a while, so I advise current Pymacs users to switch with caution. All reported bugs have been squashed, if we except one about Emacs quit (C-g) not being obeyed gracefully. A few suggestions have been postponed, to be pondered later.
The manual is now in reST format, and everything Allout is gone. Postscript and PDF files are not anymore part of the distribution, you may find them on the Web site, or use the Makefile if you have needed tools. Examples have been moved out of the manual into a new contrib/ subdirectory, which also holds a few new contributions. The example of a Python back-end for Emacs Gnus has been deleted.
Python 1.5.2 compatibility has been dropped; use Python 2.2 or better. The Pymacs manual explains installation procedure, now simplified. The pymacs-services script is gone, this should ease installing Pymacs on MS Windows. There is also a small, still naive validation suite.
The communication protocol has been revised: more clarity, less magic. Zombie objects are less dreadful by default. The API now supports False and True constants, and Unicode strings (within limits set by Emacs).
Special thanks to those who helped me at creating or testing this release.
<<2012-05-06>> python-mode.el difficulty
[2012-05-07 lun] After I recently acquired a new machine and installed a flurry of software on it, I was saluted with:
pymacs-report-error: Pymacs helper did not start within 30 seconds
The problem turns out to come from python-mode.el (a development
copy), which insists on providing and using its own older copy of
Pymacs. The problem shows in the Pymacs communication buffer: a
failed attempt at importing
Pymacs/__init__.py. Indeed, this file
does not exist anymore. Pymacs now stands as a single file on the
Python side, not as a module. This yields confusion at run time. The
problem vanishes if I comment out python-mode.el initialization, or
more simply (thanks holmboe) if py-load-pymacs-p is set to nil. I’ll
talk to Andreas Röhler about this.
<<2012-05-07>> Using packagers
[2012-05-07 lun] Gleb Peregud suggests on GitHub that we prepare an ELPA/Marmalade package for Pymacs. There is also a Python side to be addressed, and I’ve been lucky enough to recently meet Éric Araujo, the distutils2 / packaging maintainer. The time might be proper to push a bit on the idea on getting Pymacs on installers.
I saved a few notes on Emacs Packaging. After having pondering them, I’ll follow Gleb’s advice, at least to get started and experiment. Emacs packagers do not care about Python, and Python packagers ignore Emacs Lisp installation problems. The pre-processing step in Pymacs is another source of concern. In a word, I’ll save the bottle of champagne for some later time! ☺
There is some complexity in installers, both on Emacs and Python sides. It’s quite amusing: proponents of either side want an installer, and dismiss as trivial the problem of installing the other side. Emacs users tell me: Set PYTHONPATH approprietely and forget about it. Python users tell me: Just put pymacs.el somewhere it will work, or ask the user. My feeling is that to do nicely implies both an Emacs installer and a Python installer. There is difference of perspective as well: for users, simplicity means both; for the maintainer, simplicity means neither ☺.