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<title>Philosophicall fancies. Written by the Right Honourable, the Lady Newcastle.</title>
<author>Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of, 1624?-1674.</author>
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<date>1653</date>
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<title>Philosophicall fancies. Written by the Right Honourable, the Lady Newcastle.</title>
<author>Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of, 1624?-1674.</author>
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<extent>[24], 94, [2] p. </extent>
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<publisher>Printed by Tho: Roycroft, for J. Martin, and J. Allestrye, at the Bell in St. Pauls Church-yard,</publisher>
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<date>1653.</date>
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<front>
<div type="title_page">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:1"/>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:1" rendition="simple:additions"/>
<p>PHILOSOPHICALL FANCIES.</p>
<p>WRITTEN</p>
<p>By the Right Honourable,</p>
<p>THE LADY NEWCASTLE.</p>
<p>LONDON,</p>
<p>Printed by <hi>Tho: Roycroft,</hi> for <hi>J. Martin,</hi> and <hi>J. Allestrye,</hi> at the Bell in St. <hi>Pauls</hi> Church-yard, 1653.</p>
</div>
<div type="verse_epistles">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:2"/>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:2"/>
<head>A Dedication to FAME.</head>
<lg>
<l>TO thee, great <hi>Fame,</hi> I de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dicate this <hi>Peece.</hi>
</l>
<l>Though I am no <hi>Philosopher</hi> of <hi>Greece;</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet do not thou my <hi>workes</hi> of <hi>Thoughts</hi> despise,</l>
<l>Because they came not from the <hi>Ancient, Wise.</hi>
</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:3"/>
<l>Nor do not think, great <hi>Fame,</hi> that they had all</l>
<l>The strange <hi>Opinions,</hi> wich we <hi>Learning</hi> call.</l>
<l>For <hi>Nature's</hi> unconfin'd, and gives about</l>
<l>Her severall <hi>Fancies,</hi> without leave, no doubt.</l>
<l>Shee's infinite, and can no <hi>li<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mits</hi> take,</l>
<l>But by her <hi>Art,</hi> as good a <hi>Brain</hi> may make.</l>
<l>Although shee's not so boun<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tifull to me,</l>
<l>Yet pray accept of this <hi>Epi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tome.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:3"/>
<head>An <hi>Epistle</hi> to <hi>Time.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SWift, ever-moving <hi>Time,</hi> I write to thee,</l>
<l>To crave thy <hi>pardon,</hi> if ill spent thou be.</l>
<l>But I did chuse this way, think<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing it best:</l>
<l>For by my writing I do none mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lest.</l>
<l>I injure none, nor yet disturb their way,</l>
<l>I slander none, nor any one betray.</l>
<l>If I do wast thee in a <hi>musing thought,</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet I take paines, my <hi>Braines</hi> con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stantly wrought.</l>
<l>For in three weeks begun, and fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nisht all</l>
<l>These <hi>Philosophicall Fancies,</hi> which I call.</l>
<l>If thou thinkst much, that I should spend thee so,</l>
<l>To write of that, I can but guesse, not know;</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:4"/>
<l>Ile tell thee <hi>Time,</hi> thou mayst bee worser spent,</l>
<l>In wanton waies, which some call Merriment.</l>
<l>Let me tell thee, this better plea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>seth me,</l>
<l>Then if I spent thee in fine <hi>Pagean<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>try.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>A Request to <hi>Time.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>TIme,</hi> prethee be content, and let me write;</l>
<l>Ile use thee better then the <hi>Carpet Knight,</hi>
</l>
<l>Or <hi>Amorous Ladies,</hi> which doe dance, and play,</l>
<l>Casting their <hi>Modesty,</hi> and <hi>Fame</hi> a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>way.</l>
<l>I humbly cast mine eyes downe to the ground,</l>
<l>Or shut them close, while I a <hi>Fan<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cy</hi> found.</l>
<l>And in a <hi>Melancholy posture</hi> sit,</l>
<l>With <hi>musing Thoughts,</hi> till I more <hi>Fancies</hi> get.</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:4"/>
<l>Besides, deare <hi>Time, Nature</hi> doth not me give</l>
<l>Such store of <hi>Health,</hi> to hope I old shall live.</l>
<l>Then let me give my <hi>Youth</hi> the most content,</l>
<l>Which is to write, and send it to the <hi>Print.</hi>
</l>
<l>If any like my <hi>Fancies</hi> when they'r read,</l>
<l>My time's rewarded, though my <hi>Body's</hi> dead.</l>
<l>If they do not, my <hi>Son'e</hi> will lye at rest,</l>
<l>Because my <hi>Life</hi> did think, what's <hi>harmlesse,</hi> best.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:5"/>
<head>An <hi>Epistle</hi> to my <hi>BRAINE.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>I Wonder, <hi>Braine,</hi> thou art so dull, when there</l>
<l>Was not a day, but <hi>Wit</hi> past, through the yeare.</l>
<l>For seven yeares 'tis, since I have married bin;</l>
<l>Which time, my <hi>Braine</hi> might be a <hi>Magazine,</hi>
</l>
<l>To store up wise discourse, natu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rally sent,</l>
<l>In fluent words, which free, and easie went.</l>
<l>If thou art not with <hi>Wit</hi> inrich'd thereby,</l>
<l>Then uselesse is the <hi>Art</hi> of <hi>Memory.</hi>
</l>
<l>But thou, poor <hi>Braine,</hi> hard ftozen art with Cold,</l>
<l>Words <hi>Seales,</hi> of <hi>Wit,</hi> will neither print, nor hold.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:5"/>
<head>AN EPISTLE To a troubled FANCY.</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>FAncies</hi> in sleep are Visions, Dreames we call,</l>
<l>Rais'd in the <hi>Braine</hi> to sport themselves withall.</l>
<l>Sometimes they take delight to fright the <hi>Minde,</hi>
</l>
<l>Taking strange <hi>Shapes,</hi> not like to <hi>Natures kinde.</hi>
</l>
<l>After the <hi>Soule</hi> they hunt, and run about,</l>
<l>As from the <hi>Body</hi> they would thrust it out.</l>
<l>But if they are in humour kind, and good,</l>
<l>In pleasing <hi>Shapes</hi> before the <hi>Minde</hi> they stood.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:6"/>
<head>An <hi>Epistle</hi> to <hi>Con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>templation.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>I Contemplating by a <hi>Fires</hi> side,</l>
<l>In <hi>Winter cold,</hi> my <hi>Thoughts</hi> would hunting ride.</l>
<l>And after <hi>Fancies</hi> they do run a Race,</l>
<l>If lose them not, they have a plea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sant Chase.</l>
<l>If they do catch the <hi>Hare,</hi> or kill the <hi>Deere,</hi>
</l>
<l>They dresse them strait in <hi>Verse,</hi> and make good Cheere.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>An <hi>Epistle</hi> to my <hi>Muse<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>full Thoughts.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>THoughts,</hi> trouble not the <hi>Soule</hi> with falling out,</l>
<l>Siding in <hi>Factions,</hi> with <hi>Feare, Hope</hi> and <hi>Doubt.</hi>
</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:6"/>
<l>But with the <hi>Muses</hi> dance in mea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sur'd <hi>feet,</hi>
</l>
<l>Taking out all the <hi>Fancies</hi> as you meet.</l>
<l>Some <hi>Fancies</hi> are like wilde, and <hi>Toyish Girles,</hi>
</l>
<l>And some are sober, grave; others are <hi>Churles.</hi>
</l>
<l>Let those that sober, sad, a <hi>Pavin</hi> measure,</l>
<l>
<hi>Corantoes</hi> are the <hi>lighter Fancies</hi> pleasure.</l>
<l>Let <hi>Churlish Fancies</hi> dance with <hi>crabbed Feet,</hi>
</l>
<l>In <hi>Numbers</hi> odd, not even, smooth, nor sweet.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Another to the <hi>Thoughts.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>MY <hi>Thoughts</hi> lye close impri<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>son'd in the <hi>Minde,</hi>
</l>
<l>Unlesse through <hi>strange Opinions</hi> passage finde.</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:7"/>
<l>But when they finde a way, they run so fast,</l>
<l>No Reason can perswade to stay their hast.</l>
<l>Then they strait seek a <hi>Credit</hi> for to win,</l>
<l>Perswading all they meet to fol<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>low them:</l>
<l>And with their <hi>Rhetoricke</hi> hope they to grow strong,</l>
<l>Striving to get <hi>beleife,</hi> as they go on.</l>
<l>If <hi>Contradiction</hi> chance to stop their way,</l>
<l>They strait flye out, and oft times run away.</l>
<l>And seldome they do back return again,</l>
<l>To rally, or to muster in the <hi>Brain.</hi>
</l>
<l>But the weak <hi>Braine</hi> is forc'd more <hi>Thoughts</hi> to raise,</l>
<l>Striving to get a <hi>Victory</hi> of <hi>Praise.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:7"/>
<head>
<hi>Reason,</hi> and the <hi>Thoughts.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>THOUGHTS,</hi> run not in such<note place="margin">Reason.</note> strange phantastick waies,</l>
<l>Nor take such paines to get a <hi>Vul<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gar Praise.</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>World</hi> will scorne, and say, you are all <hi>Fooles,</hi>
</l>
<l>Because you are not taught in common <hi>Schooles.</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>World</hi> will think you mad, be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cause you run</l>
<l>Not the same <hi>Track,</hi> that former times have done.</l>
<l>Turn foolish <hi>Thoughts,</hi> walke in a <hi>Beaten Path,</hi>
</l>
<l>Or else the <hi>World</hi> ridiculously will laugh.</l>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:8"/>
<l>
<hi>Reason</hi> forbeare, our <hi>Study</hi> not<note place="margin">Thoughts.</note> molest,</l>
<l>For wee do goe those waies that please us best.</l>
<l>
<hi>Nature</hi> doth give us liberty to run,</l>
<l>Without a Check, more swift far then the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</l>
<l>But if we jar, and sometimes disa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gree,</l>
<l>By thy Disputes, we run unevenly.</l>
<l>But prethee <hi>Reason</hi> trouble us no more,</l>
<l>For if you prate, wee'l thrust you out of doore.</l>
</lg>
</div>
</div>
<div type="dedication">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:8"/>
<head>TO SIR <hi>CHARLES</hi> CAVENDISH, MY NOBLE BROTHER-IN-LAW.</head>
<opener>
<salute>SIR,</salute>
</opener>
<p>TO forget to divulge your <hi>noble Favours</hi> to me, in any of my <hi>Works,</hi> were to mur<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther <hi>GRATITVDE;</hi> Which I will
<pb facs="tcp:115281:9"/>
never be guilty of: And though I am your <hi>Slave,</hi> being manacl'd with <hi>Chaines</hi> of <hi>Obligation,</hi> yet my <hi>Chaines</hi> feele softer then <hi>Silke,</hi> and my <hi>Bondage</hi> is plea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>santer then <hi>Freedome;</hi> because I am bound to your selfe, who are a <hi>Person</hi> so full of <hi>Generosity,</hi> as you delight in <hi>Bounty,</hi> and take pleasure to relieve the <hi>necessita<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted Condition</hi> of your <hi>Friends;</hi> and what is freely given, is com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fortably receiv'd, and a satisfa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ction to the minde. For, should a <hi>bountifull hand</hi> be joyn'd to <hi>Re<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pining Thoughts,</hi> it would be like a <hi>Gilded Statue</hi> made of rotten wood. But your minde is the <hi>Mint</hi> of <hi>Virtues,</hi> which makes
<pb facs="tcp:115281:9"/>
them <hi>currant Coyne;</hi> which I will never clip with a silent <hi>Tongue,</hi> nor change with an un<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>thankfull <hi>Heart;</hi> but locke it up with the <hi>Key</hi> of <hi>Admiration,</hi> in the <hi>Chest</hi> of <hi>Affection.</hi> I shall not feare to be turn'd out of your <hi>Favour,</hi> though my <hi>deserts</hi> make me not worthy to dwell therein; because you are so constant to <hi>Cha<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rity,</hi> and so compassionate to <hi>Mi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sery;</hi> so adverse to <hi>Covetous<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nesse,</hi> so arm'd against <hi>Mis-for<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tunes,</hi> so valiant in <hi>Friendship,</hi> so victorious in <hi>Naturall Affecti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ons,</hi> as you are the <hi>Conquerour</hi> of all <hi>Merit.</hi> And may you ride in <hi>Triumph</hi> on <hi>Fame</hi> round the
<pb facs="tcp:115281:10"/>
<hi>Vniverse,</hi> untill the expiring thereof.</p>
<closer>
<salute>Thus doth your hum<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ble Servant joy in your <hi>Love,</hi> proud of your <hi>Favour,</hi> Glorie in your <hi>Fame,</hi> and will die in your <hi>Service.</hi>
</salute>
<signed>M. N.</signed>
</closer>
</div>
<div type="to_the_reader">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:10"/>
<head>TO THE READER.</head>
<opener>
<salute>Noble Readers,</salute>
</opener>
<p>IF this <hi>Worke</hi> is not so well wrought, but that you may finde some false <hi>Stitches;</hi> I must let you understand it was huddl'd up in such hast, (out of a desire to have it joyned to my <hi>Booke</hi> of <hi>Poems</hi>) as I took not so much time, as to consider throughly; For I writ it in lesse then three weekes; and yet for all my hast, it came a weeke too short of the Presse. Be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sides my desire (to have those Works Printed in <hi>England,</hi> which I wrote in <hi>England,</hi> before I leave
<pb facs="tcp:115281:11"/>
<hi>England</hi>) perswaded me to send it to the Presse, without a further in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>largement. But I imagine my Rea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ders will say, that there is enough, unless it were better. I can only say, I wish it were so good, as to give satisfaction: howsoever I pleased my selfe in the Study of it.</p>
</div>
<div type="table_of_contents">
<pb facs="tcp:115281:11"/>
<head>The Table.</head>
<p>
<table>
<row>
<cell>OF <hi>Matter,</hi> and <hi>Motion,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>page 1.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Forme,</hi> and the <hi>Minde,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>2.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Eternall Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>3.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Infinite Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>4.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>There is no proportion in <hi>Nature,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of one kinde of <hi>Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>5.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Infinite Knowledge,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>There is no <hi>Judge</hi> in <hi>Nature,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Perfection,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>6.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Inequalities,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Unities,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>8.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of Thin, and Thick <hi>Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Vacuum,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>9.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The Unity of <hi>Nature,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Division,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>10</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The order of <hi>Nature,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>War,</hi> and no absolute power,</cell>
<cell>11.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Power,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Similizing the <hi>Spirits,</hi> or Innate <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion,</hi>
</cell>
</row>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:12"/>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Operation,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>13.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of Natural, or Sensitive <hi>War.</hi>
</cell>
<cell>14.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Annihilation,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Life,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>15.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Change,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>20.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Youth,</hi> and <hi>Growth,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>21.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Increasing,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>22.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Decay,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>23.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Dead,</hi> and <hi>Death,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>24.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of locall <hi>Shapes,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>25.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>This visible <hi>Motions</hi> in <hi>Animals, Ve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>getables,</hi> and <hi>Minerals,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>26.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the working of the severall <hi>Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ons</hi> of <hi>Nature,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>27.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Minde,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>30.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of their severall <hi>Dances,</hi> and <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>31.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The <hi>Sympathy,</hi> and <hi>Antipathy</hi> of <hi>Spirits,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>33.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The <hi>Sympathy</hi> of Sensitive, and Ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall <hi>Spirits</hi> in one <hi>Figure,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>36.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The Sympathy of the Rationall, and Sensitive <hi>Spirits,</hi> to the <hi>Figure</hi> they make, and inhabit,</cell>
<cell>37.</cell>
</row>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:12"/>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Pleasure,</hi> and <hi>Paine,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>38.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Minde,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Thinking,</hi> or the <hi>Minde,</hi> and <hi>Thoughts,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>41.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>motions</hi> of the <hi>Spirits,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>42.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the Creation of the Animall <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure.</hi>
</cell>
<cell>45.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the gathering of the <hi>Spirits,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>47.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>The moving of <hi>Innate Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>49.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Matter, Motion,</hi> and <hi>Know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge,</hi> or <hi>Understanding,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>52.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the Animall <hi>Figure,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>54.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>What an <hi>Animall</hi> is,</cell>
<cell>55.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Sense,</hi> and <hi>Reason,</hi> exercis'd in their different <hi>Shapes,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>56.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the dispersing of the Rationall <hi>Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>63.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Senses,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>64.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>motion</hi> that makes <hi>Light,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>65.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Opticks,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the flowing of the <hi>Spirits,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>66.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Motion,</hi> and <hi>Matter,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>67.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Braine,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>68.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of <hi>Darknesse,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the Sun,</cell>
<cell>69.</cell>
</row>
<pb facs="tcp:115281:13"/>
<row>
<cell>Of the <hi>Clouds,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the motion of the <hi>Planets,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>70.</cell>
</row>
<row>
<cell>Of the motion of the <hi>Sea,</hi>
</cell>
<cell>ib.</cell>
</row>
</table>
</p>
<p>I speak not here of <hi>Deiaticall In<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>finites,</hi> but of <hi>grosse Infinites,</hi> such, as <hi>Philosophers</hi> call <hi>Chaos.</hi>
</p>
</div>
</front>
<body>
<div type="collection">
<div type="essay">
<pb n="1" facs="tcp:115281:13"/>
<head>OF MATTER AND MOTION.</head>
<p>THERE is no <hi>first Matter,</hi> nor <hi>first Motion;</hi> for <hi>mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> and <hi>motion</hi> are <hi>infinite,</hi> and being <hi>infinite,</hi> must consequently be <hi>Eternall;</hi> and though but <hi>one matter,</hi> yet there is no such thing, as the <hi>whole matter,</hi> that is, as one should say, <hi>All.</hi> And though there is but one <hi>kinde</hi> of <hi>matter,</hi> yet there are <hi>infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>matter,</hi> as <hi>thinner</hi> and <hi>thicker, softer</hi> and <hi>harder, weightier</hi> and <hi>lighter;</hi> and as there is but one <hi>matter,</hi> so there is but <hi>one motion,</hi> yet there are <hi>infinite degrees of
<pb n="2" facs="tcp:115281:14"/>
motion,</hi> as <hi>swifter</hi> and <hi>slower;</hi> and <hi>infinite changes of motion:</hi> And although there is but one <hi>matter,</hi> yet there are <hi>infinite</hi> of <hi>parts</hi> in that <hi>matter,</hi> and so <hi>infinites</hi> of <hi>Figures:</hi> if <hi>infinite figures, infinite sizes;</hi> if <hi>infinite sizes, infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>higness,</hi> and <hi>infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>smalnesse, infinite thicknesse, infinite thinnesse, infinite light<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nesse, infinite weightinesse;</hi> if <hi>infinite de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees</hi> of <hi>motion, infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>strengths;</hi> if <hi>infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>strengths, infinite de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees</hi> of <hi>power,</hi> and <hi>infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>knowledge,</hi> and <hi>infinite degrees</hi> of <hi>sense.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>Form,</hi> and the <hi>Minde.</hi>
<note place="margin">I mean of Forme, dull Matter.</note>
</head>
<p>AS I sayd, there is but <hi>one Matter,</hi> thinner and thicker, which is the <hi>Forme,</hi> and the <hi>Minde,</hi> that is, <hi>Matter moving,</hi> or <hi>Matter moved;</hi> likewise there is but one <hi>motion,</hi> though slower or swif<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter moving severall wayes; but the slow<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>er or weaker motions are no lesse <hi>motion,</hi> then the stronger or swifter. So <hi>Matter</hi> that is thinnest or thickest, softest or hardest, yet it is but <hi>one Matter;</hi> for if it were divided by <hi>degrees,</hi> untill it came to an <hi>Atome,</hi> that <hi>Atome</hi> would still be the
<pb n="3" facs="tcp:115281:14"/>
same <hi>Matter,</hi> as well as the greatest bulk. But we cannot say smallest, or biggest, thickest or thinnest, softest or hardest in <hi>Infinite.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Eternall Matter.</head>
<p>THat <hi>Matter</hi> which was <hi>solid,</hi> and weighty from all <hi>Eternity,</hi> may be so eternally; and what was <hi>spungie,</hi> and light from all Eternity, may be so eter<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nally; and what had innate motion from Eternity, may be so eternally; and what was dull without <hi>innate motion</hi> from E<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ternity, may be so eternally: for if the <hi>degrees</hi> could change, then there might be all thin, and no thicke, or all thicke, and no thin, all hard, no soft, and fluid, or all fluid, and no solidity. For though contracting and dilating may bring and joyne <hi>parts</hi> together, or separate parts asunder, yet those <hi>parts</hi> shall not be a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ny other wayes, then by Nature they were.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="4" facs="tcp:115281:15"/>
<head>
<hi>Of</hi> Infinite matter.</head>
<p>
<hi>INfinite Matter</hi> cannot have exact <hi>Forme,</hi> or <hi>Figure,</hi> because it hath no <hi>Limits:</hi> but being divided by <hi>motion</hi> in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>to severall parts, those <hi>Parts</hi> may have perfect <hi>Figures,</hi> so long as those <hi>Figures</hi> last; yet these <hi>parts</hi> cannot be taken from the <hi>Infinite Body.</hi> And though parts may be divided in the <hi>Body Infinite,</hi> and joyned severall wayes, yet <hi>Infinite</hi> can neither be added, nor diminished; yet <hi>division</hi> is as <hi>infinite,</hi> as the <hi>Matter di<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vided.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>No proportion in Nature.</head>
<p>IN <hi>Nature</hi> there is no such thing, as <hi>Number,</hi> or <hi>Quantity;</hi> for <hi>Number,</hi> &amp; <hi>Quantity</hi> have only reference to <hi>division:</hi> neither is there any such thing as <hi>Time</hi> in <hi>Eternity;</hi> for <hi>Time</hi> hath no reference but to the <hi>Present,</hi> if there be any such thing as <hi>Present.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="5" facs="tcp:115281:15"/>
<head>Of one <hi>Kinde</hi> of <hi>Matter.</hi>
</head>
<p>ALthough there may be <hi>infinite de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees of matter,</hi> yet the <hi>Nature,</hi> and <hi>kind of Matter</hi> is <hi>finite:</hi> for <hi>Infinite</hi> of <hi>severall kindes of Matter</hi> would make a <hi>Confusion.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>
<hi>Of</hi> Infinite knowledge.</head>
<p>THere can be no <hi>absolute Knowledge,</hi> if <hi>infinite degrees of Knowledge;</hi> nor no <hi>absolute power,</hi> if there be <hi>infinite de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees of strength:</hi> nor <hi>present,</hi> if infinite de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees of <hi>Motion.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>No <hi>Judge</hi> in <hi>Nature.</hi>
</head>
<p>NO <hi>Intreaty,</hi> nor <hi>Petition</hi> can per<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>swade <hi>Nature,</hi> nor any Bribes an corrupt, or alter the course of <hi>Nature.</hi> Justly there can be no complaints made against <hi>Nature,</hi> nor to <hi>Nature. Na<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ture</hi> can give no redresse. There are no Appeales can be made, nor <hi>Causes</hi> de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>termined, because <hi>Nature</hi> is <hi>Infinite,</hi> and <hi>eternall:</hi> for <hi>Infinite</hi> cannot be confined,
<pb n="6" facs="tcp:115281:16"/>
or prescribed, setled, or altered, rul'd, or dispos'd, because the <hi>Effects</hi> are as <hi>infinite</hi> as the <hi>Causes:</hi> and what is infinite, hath no <hi>absolute power:</hi> for what is <hi>absolute,</hi> is finite.</p>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>Finite</hi> cannot tel how <hi>Infinite</hi> doth flow,</l>
<l>Nor how <hi>Infinite Matter</hi> moveth to and fro.</l>
<l>For <hi>Infinite</hi> of <hi>Knowledge</hi> cannot guess</l>
<l>Of <hi>Infinite</hi> of <hi>Matter,</hi> more, or lesse:</l>
<l>Nor <hi>Infinite</hi> of <hi>Causes</hi> cannot finde</l>
<l>The <hi>Infinite Effects</hi> of every Kinde.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Perfection.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN <hi>Infinite</hi> can no <hi>Perfection</hi> be,</l>
<l>For why? <hi>Perfection</hi> is in <hi>Unity?</hi>
</l>
<l>In <hi>Infinite</hi> no <hi>Union</hi> can combine,<note place="margin">Some think there was a <hi>Chaos,</hi> a confused Heap.</note>
</l>
<l>For that has neither <hi>Number, Point,</hi> nor <hi>Line;</hi>
</l>
<l>Though <hi>Infinite</hi> can have no <hi>Figure,</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet not lye all confu'sd in Heaps toge<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Inequalities.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Infinites</hi> have <hi>Infinite</hi> degrees,</l>
<l>And none a like to make <hi>Equalities.</hi>
</l>
<pb n="7" facs="tcp:115281:16"/>
<l>As if a <hi>Haire</hi> be cut with curious Arts,</l>
<l>
<hi>Innumerable,</hi> but <hi>Unequall parts,</hi>
</l>
<l>And that not any part alike shall be,</l>
<l>How shall we joyn, to make them well agree?</l>
<l>If every <hi>one</hi> is like it selfe alone,</l>
<l>There cannot be, unlesse three equal <hi>Ones.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
<p>If <hi>one,</hi> and <hi>one</hi> make <hi>two;</hi> and <hi>two,</hi> and <hi>two</hi> make <hi>foure,</hi> yet there must be <hi>two e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>quall ones</hi> to make <hi>two,</hi> and <hi>two equall two s</hi> to make <hi>foure.</hi> And as <hi>two</hi> and <hi>one</hi> make <hi>three,</hi> yet there must be <hi>two equall ones</hi> joyned to a <hi>single one,</hi> to make <hi>three,</hi> or <hi>three equall single ones</hi> to joyn in <hi>three.</hi>
</p>
<p>The like is in <hi>Weight,</hi> and <hi>Measure,</hi> in <hi>Motion</hi> and <hi>Strength.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Unities.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN <hi>Infinite</hi> if <hi>Infinite degrees,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then those <hi>Degrees</hi> may meet in <hi>Uni<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ties.</hi>
</l>
<l>And if <hi>one man</hi> should have the strength of <hi>foure,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then <hi>foure</hi> to equal him will be no more.</l>
<l>As if <hi>one Line</hi> should be in <hi>four parts</hi> cut,</l>
<l>Shall <hi>equall</hi> the <hi>Same Lino</hi> together put;</l>
<pb n="8" facs="tcp:115281:17"/>
<l>So <hi>two</hi> and <hi>one,</hi> though odd, is <hi>three;</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet <hi>three</hi> and <hi>three</hi> shall equall be.</l>
<l>Like those that equall spaces <hi>backwards</hi> go,</l>
<l>To those that's <hi>forward,</hi> equalls them we know.</l>
<l>Like Buckets in a Well, if empty be,</l>
<l>As one descends, the other ascends, we see</l>
<l>So <hi>Motions,</hi> though they'r crosse, may well agree,</l>
<l>As oft in Musick make a Harmony.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>There is no <hi>Vacuity.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN Nature if <hi>Degrees</hi> may <hi>equall</hi> be,</l>
<l>All may be full, and no <hi>Vacuity.</hi>
</l>
<l>As Boxes small, &amp; smaller may containe,</l>
<l>So bigger, and bigger must there be again.</l>
<l>Infinite may run contracting, &amp; dilating,</l>
<l>Still, still, by degrees without a separa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ting.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Thin,</hi> and <hi>Thick Matter.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THus may <hi>thin Matter</hi> into <hi>Solid</hi> run,</l>
<l>And by its motion, make <hi>thick Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter turne.</hi>
</l>
<l>In severall wayes, and fashions, as it will,</l>
<pb n="9" facs="tcp:115281:17"/>
<l>Although <hi>dull Matter</hi> of it selfe lye still:</l>
<l>Tis not, that <hi>Solid Matter</hi> moves in <hi>Thin,</hi>
</l>
<l>For that is <hi>dull,</hi> but <hi>thin</hi> which moves therein.</l>
<l>Like Marrow in the Bones, or Bloud in Veines.</l>
<l>Or thinner Matter which the Bloud con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>taines.</l>
<l>Like Heat in Fire, the effect is strait to burne,</l>
<l>So <hi>Matter thin</hi> makes <hi>solid Matter</hi> run.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Vacuum.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Infinite Inequallity</hi> doth run,<note place="margin">The Rea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ders may take either Opinion.</note>
</l>
<l>Then must there be in <hi>Infinite Vacuum.</hi>
</l>
<l>For what's <hi>unequall,</hi> cannot joyned be</l>
<l>So close, but there will be <hi>Vacuity.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Unity</hi> of <hi>Nature.</hi>
</head>
<p>
<hi>NAture</hi> tends to <hi>Unity,</hi> being but of a kinde of Matter: but the <hi>degrees</hi> of this Matter being thinner, and thicker, softer, and harder, weightier, and lighter, makes it, as it were, of different kinde, when tis but <hi>different degrees:</hi> Like seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall <hi>extractions,</hi> as it were out of <hi>one</hi> and
<pb n="10" facs="tcp:115281:18"/>
the same thing; and when it comes to such an <hi>Extract,</hi> it turnes to <hi>Spirits,</hi> that is, to have an <hi>Innate motion.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Division.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe severall <hi>Degrees of Matter</hi> cause <hi>Division</hi> by <hi>different Motion,</hi> making severall <hi>Figures,</hi> erecting, and dissolving them, according as their <hi>Matter</hi> moves, This makes <hi>Motion,</hi> and <hi>Figure</hi> alwayes to be in <hi>War,</hi> but not the <hi>Matter;</hi> for it is the severall <hi>effects</hi> that disagree, but not the <hi>Causes:</hi> for the <hi>Eternall Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> is allwayes in <hi>Peace,</hi> as being not sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ject to <hi>Change;</hi> but <hi>Motion,</hi> and <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure,</hi>
<note place="margin">Severall Motions, and seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures.</note> being subject to <hi>Change,</hi> strive for <hi>Superiority:</hi> which can never be, because subject to <hi>Change.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Order</hi> of <hi>Nature.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe Reason, that there is not a <hi>Con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fusion</hi> in <hi>Nature,</hi> but an orderly Course therein, is, the <hi>Eternall Matter</hi> is allwayes <hi>One,</hi> and the <hi>same:</hi> for though there are <hi>Infinite degrees,</hi> yet the <hi>Na<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ture</hi> of that <hi>Matter</hi> never alters. But all
<pb n="11" facs="tcp:115281:18"/>
<hi>Variety</hi> is made according to the <hi>severall Degrees,</hi> &amp; the severall <hi>Degrees</hi> do palli<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ate, and in some sense make an <hi>Equali<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ty</hi> in <hi>Infinite;</hi> so as it is not the <hi>severall degrees</hi> of <hi>Matter,</hi> that strive against each other, but <hi>severall Motions</hi> drive them against one another.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>War,</hi> and no absolute <hi>Power.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe Reason, that all things make War upon one another, is, the <hi>seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall</hi>
<note n="(†)" place="margin">Not the <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter,</hi> but the <hi>De<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees</hi>
</note>
<hi>Degrees</hi> of <hi>Matter,</hi> the contra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>diction of <hi>Motion,</hi> and the <hi>Degrees,</hi> and the <hi>Advantage</hi> of the <hi>shapes</hi> of <note n="(†)" place="margin">Not the Bigness of Figures, but the manner of shapes: which makes some shapes to have the Advantage over others much bigger, as a Mouse will kill an Elephant.</note>
<hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures</hi> alwayes striving.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Power.</hi>
</head>
<p>THere is no <hi>absolute</hi> Power, because <hi>Power</hi> is <hi>Infinite,</hi> and the <hi>Infinitenesse</hi> hinders the <hi>absolutenesse:</hi> for if there were an <hi>absolute power,</hi> there would be no dispute; but because there is no <hi>abso<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lute
<pb n="12" facs="tcp:115281:19"/>
power,</hi> there would be no dispute; but because there is no <hi>absolute power,</hi> therefore there are Disputes, and will be eternally: for the severall <hi>Degrees</hi> of <hi>Matter, Motion,</hi> and <hi>Figure</hi> strive for Superiority, making <hi>Faction</hi> by <note n="(†)" place="margin">Which is in Like<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nesse.</note>
<hi>Sym<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pathy,</hi> and <hi>Fraction,</hi> by <note n="(†)" place="margin">Un<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>likenesse.</note> Antipathy.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>
<hi>Similizing</hi> the <hi>Spirits,</hi> or <hi>Innate Matter.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe <hi>Spirits,</hi> or <hi>Essences</hi> in <hi>Nature</hi> are like Quick-silver: for say it be <hi>fluid,</hi> it will part into little <hi>Sphaericall Bodyes,</hi> running about, though it be nere so small a Quantity: and though they are <hi>Sphaericall,</hi> yet those <hi>Figures</hi> they make by severall, and subtle motion, may differ variously, and Infinitely.</p>
<p>This <hi>Innate Matter</hi> is a kind of <hi>God,</hi> or <hi>Gods</hi> to the <hi>dull part of Matter,</hi> ha<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ving power to forme it, as it please: and why may not <hi>every degree</hi> of <hi>Innate Matter</hi> be, as severall <hi>Gods,</hi> and so a <hi>stronger Motion</hi> be a God to the <hi>weaker,</hi> and so have an <hi>Infinite,</hi> and <hi>Eternall Go<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vernment?</hi> As we will compare <hi>Motions</hi> to <hi>Officers,</hi> or <hi>Magistrates.</hi> The <hi>Con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stable</hi>
<pb n="13" facs="tcp:115281:19"/>
rules the <hi>Parish,</hi> the <hi>Mayor</hi> the <hi>Constable,</hi> the <hi>King</hi> the <hi>Mayor,</hi> and some <hi>Higher power</hi> the <hi>King:</hi> thus <hi>Infinite pow<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ers</hi> rule <hi>Eternity.</hi> Or againe thus, the <hi>Constable</hi> rules the <hi>Hundred,</hi> the <hi>Mayor</hi> rules the <hi>City,</hi> the <hi>King</hi> the <hi>Kingdome,</hi> and <hi>Caesar</hi> the <hi>World.</hi>
</p>
<p>Thus may <hi>dull Matter</hi> over others rule,<note place="margin">One <hi>Shape</hi> hath power o<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ver ano<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther; one <hi>Minde</hi> knowes more then another.</note> According as 'tis † shap'd by <hi>Motions Tool.</hi>
</p>
<p>So <hi>Innate Matter</hi> Governs by degree, According as the <hi>stronger Motions</hi> be.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Operation.</hi>
</head>
<p>ALL t hings in the World have an <hi>O<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>perat ive power;</hi> which <hi>Operation</hi> is made by <hi>Sympatheticall Motions,</hi> and <hi>Antipatheticall Motions,</hi> in severall <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures.</hi> For the <hi>assisting Operation</hi> is cau<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sed by <hi>One,</hi> the <hi>destructive Operation</hi> by <hi>another;</hi> like Poyson, and Cordialls, the one Kills, the other cures: but <hi>Opera<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions</hi> are as Infinite, as <hi>Motions.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="14" facs="tcp:115281:20"/>
<head>
<hi>Naturall,</hi> or <hi>Sensitive War.</hi>
</head>
<p>ALL <hi>Naturall War</hi> is caused either by a <hi>Sympatheticall Motion,</hi> or an <hi>An<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tipatheticall Motion.</hi> For <hi>Naturall Warre,</hi> and <hi>Peace</hi> proceed from Selfe-preservati<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>on, which belongs only to the <hi>Figure;</hi> for <hi>nothing</hi> is annihilated in <hi>Nature,</hi> but the particular <hi>Prints,</hi> or <hi>severall shapes</hi> that <hi>Motion</hi> makes of <hi>Matter;</hi> which <hi>Motion</hi> in every <hi>Figure</hi> strives to main<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>taine what they have created: for when some <hi>Figures</hi> destroy others, it is for the maintenance or security of themselves: and when the Destruction is, for Food, it is <hi>Sympatheticall Motion,</hi> which makes a particular Appetite, or nourishment from some <hi>Creatures</hi> to others; but an <hi>Antipatheticall Motion,</hi> that makes the <hi>Destruction.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Annihilation.</hi>
</head>
<p>THere can be no <hi>Annihilation</hi> in <hi>Na<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ture:</hi> not <hi>particular Motions,</hi> and <hi>Figures,</hi> because the <hi>Matter,</hi> remaines
<pb n="15" facs="tcp:115281:20"/>
hat was the <hi>Cause</hi> of those <hi>Motions</hi> and <hi>Figures.</hi> As for <hi>particular Figures,</hi> al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>though every <hi>part</hi> is separated that made such a <hi>Figure,</hi> yet it is not <hi>Annihilated;</hi> because <hi>Those parts remaine</hi> that <hi>made it.</hi> So as it is not impossible but the same particular Figures may be <hi>erected</hi> by the same <hi>Motions,</hi> that joynd <hi>those parts,</hi> and in the <hi>Matter</hi> may repeat the same <hi>Motion eternally so by succession:</hi> and the same <hi>Matter</hi> in a <hi>Figure</hi> may be <hi>Erected,</hi> and dispersed eternally. Thus the <hi>Dispersing</hi> of the <hi>Matter</hi> into particular Figures<note place="margin">Either by Growth, or Sense, or Reason.</note> by an <hi>Alteration of Motion,</hi> we call <hi>Death;</hi> and the joyning of Parts to create a <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure,</hi> we call <hi>Life. Death</hi> is a <hi>Separation, Life</hi> is a <hi>Contraction.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>LIFE.</hi>
</head>
<p>
<hi>LIfe</hi> is the <hi>Extract,</hi> or <hi>Spirit</hi> of <hi>Com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mon</hi>
<note place="margin">For when Matter comes to such a de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gree it quickens,</note>
<hi>Matter:</hi> (†) This <hi>Extract</hi> is Agile, being alwayes in motion; for the Thinnesse of this <hi>Matter</hi> causes the sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>telty of the Quality, or property which Quality, or property is to work upon all <hi>dull Matter.</hi>
</p>
<p>
<pb n="16" facs="tcp:115281:21"/>This <hi>Essence,</hi> or <hi>Life,</hi> which are Spirits of Sense, move of themselves: for the dull part of Matter moves not, but as it is moved thereby.</p>
<list>
<head>
<hi>Their Common Motions</hi> are foure.</head>
<item>Atractive.</item>
<item>Retentive.</item>
<item>Digestive.</item>
<item>Expulsive.</item>
</list>
<p>
<hi>Atractive</hi> is that which we call <hi>Growth,</hi>
<note place="margin">That it begins to move, &amp; Motion is Life.</note> or <hi>Youth. Retentive,</hi> is that we call <hi>Strength. Digestive</hi> is that we call <hi>Health,</hi> that is an equall distribution of Parts to Parts, and agreeing of those Sprits. <hi>Ex<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pulsive</hi> is that which we call <hi>Death,</hi> or <hi>Decay.</hi>
</p>
<lg>
<l>The <hi>Attractive Spirits</hi> gather, and draw the Materialls together.</l>
<l>The <hi>Digestive Spirits</hi> do cut and carve out every thing.</l>
<l>The <hi>Retentive</hi> do fit, and lay them in their proper places.</l>
<l>The <hi>Expulsive</hi> do pull down, and scat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter them about.</l>
</lg>
<p>
<pb n="17" facs="tcp:115281:21"/>Those <hi>Spirits</hi> most commonly move according to the matter they worke on. For in spungy and in Porous <hi>light mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter,</hi> their <hi>motion</hi> is quick; in solid, and weighty, their <hi>motion</hi> is slower. For the solid parts are not onely dull, and im<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>moveable in themselves, but they hinder and<note n="*" place="margin">I meane when I say Obstruct, that it ei<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther turnes their motion another way, or makes them move slower.</note> obstruct those Spirits of sense, and though they cut and peirce through all, yet it is with more labour, and slower motion; for their motions change ac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cording to the quantity and quality of that Matter they meet with; for that which is Porous and Spungy, the Figures that they forme that <hi>matter</hi> in, are soo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ner made, and suddenlier destroyed, then that which is more combustible. This is the reason <hi>Mineralls</hi> last longer then <hi>Ve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>getables</hi> and <hi>Animals,</hi> because that <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> is both tougher and harder to worke on, then <hi>Vegetables</hi> and <hi>Animals</hi> are.</p>
<p>These <hi>Sensitive spirits</hi> we may similize to severall Workmen, being alwayes bu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sily imployed, removing, lifting, carry<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing, driving, drawing, digging, and the like. And although these <hi>Spirits</hi> are of substance thinner then <hi>dull matter,</hi> yet they are stronger by reason of their sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tlety,
<pb n="18" facs="tcp:115281:22"/>
and <hi>motion,</hi> which motion gives them power: for they are of an acute quality, being the <hi>Vitrioll,</hi> as it were, of <hi>Nature,</hi> cut and divide all that opposeth their way.</p>
<p>Now these <hi>Spirits</hi> although they be <hi>infinite,</hi> yet we cannot thinke them so grosse an infinite, as <hi>combustible matter,</hi> yet those thinner <hi>infinites</hi> may cut, and carve the thicker <hi>infinites</hi> all into severall <hi>Figures:</hi> like as <hi>Aqua-fort is</hi> will eate into the hardest Iron, and divide it into small parts.</p>
<p>As I have sayd before, the <hi>Spirits of life</hi> worke according as the <hi>Matter</hi> is, for e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>very thing is shap'd according to the soli<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dity of the <hi>matter;</hi> like as a <hi>man</hi> which builds a House, makes the beames of the House of such wood, which is tough, and strong, because he knows otherwise it will breake, by reason of the great weight they are to bear; but to make Laths he takes his Wood and cuts it thin, that the Nayls may easier passe through, so joyning and fitting severall forts to proper uses to build his house. Or like a <hi>Cooke</hi> when he's to raise a Pye, must take stiffe Dough; for otherwise it will not
<pb n="19" facs="tcp:115281:22"/>
onely fall before it be finished, but it cannot be raised, and to make the Lids to cover his Pye, hee must use a softer Paste, otherwise it will not rowle thinn; thus a stiffe Paste is not fit for a Lid, nor a thinner Paste for to raise a Pye; it may make a Cake, or so. So the <hi>Spirits</hi> of <hi>life</hi> must make <hi>Figures,</hi> as the <hi>matter</hi> is fit, and proper thereto, for the <hi>figure</hi> of <hi>man</hi> or the like; the <hi>Spirits</hi> of life take the solid and hard <hi>matter</hi> for the<note n="*" place="margin">I do not say that Bones are the solid'st matter in Nature.</note>
<hi>Bones:</hi> The <hi>Glutinous Matter</hi> for the Sinews, Nerves, Muscles. and the like; and the <hi>Oyly matter</hi> for Flesh, Fat, Marrow. So the <hi>fluid</hi> for Blood, and such like <hi>mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter.</hi> And the <hi>Spirits</hi> themselves do give this <hi>dull matter, motion,</hi> not onely in the building of the <hi>Figure,</hi> but to make the <hi>Figure</hi> move when it is built.</p>
<p>Now the <hi>spirits</hi> of <hi>life,</hi> or <hi>lively spirits</hi> do not onely move dull and in moving <hi>matter,</hi> but makes that <hi>matter</hi> to move, and worke upon others; for some kinde of <hi>Figures</hi> shall make<note n="" place="margin">As the Figure of Man.</note> another to re<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>semble it selfe, though not just be as it selfe is made, but as the shadow like the substance; for it workes as a <hi>Hand</hi> that is guided by another, and not of its
<pb n="20" facs="tcp:115281:23"/>
owne strength: that is the reason, <hi>Arts</hi> have not so much persection as <hi>Nature.</hi> The <hi>Copy</hi> is not so lively as the <hi>Originall;</hi> for the <hi>spirits</hi> of <hi>life</hi> move, and work of their own strength, and the dull <hi>matter</hi> by the strength of the <hi>Spirits.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>CHANGE.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe <hi>Change</hi> of <hi>motion</hi> in severall <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures</hi> makes all <hi>change</hi> and difference in the World, and their severall proper<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ties and effects thereto. And that which we call <hi>Death,</hi> or <hi>corruption,</hi> is not<note n="*" place="margin">All Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion is Life.</note> an absence of <hi>life,</hi> but an <hi>expulsive motion</hi> which doth <hi>annihilate</hi> those <hi>figures,</hi> that erecting <hi>motion</hi> hath made. So <hi>death</hi> is an <hi>annihilation</hi> of the <hi>Print,</hi> not of the <hi>Mould</hi> of <hi>figures;</hi> for the <hi>Moulds</hi> of those <hi>figures</hi> of Mankinde, Beast, or Plant, of all kinds whatsoever, shall ne<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ver be <hi>annihilated</hi> so long as <hi>motion</hi> and <hi>matter</hi> last, which may alwayes be; for the <hi>mould</hi> of all <hi>Figures</hi> is in the power of <hi>motion,</hi> and the substance of <hi>matter.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="21" facs="tcp:115281:23"/>
<head>Of <hi>Youth,</hi> or <hi>Growth.</hi>
</head>
<p>THus <hi>Spirits</hi> of <hi>sense</hi> work according to the substance of the <hi>matter:</hi> for if the <hi>matter</hi> be porous and light, they form those <hi>Figures</hi> quicker, and dissolve them suddenly: But if their <hi>matter</hi> be solid and hard, they worke slower, which makes some <hi>figures</hi> longer ere they come to <hi>perfection,</hi> and not so easily undone. And if their strength be too weake for the <hi>matter</hi> they worke upon, as wanting helpe, then the <hi>Figure</hi> is imperfect, and mishapen, as we say. This is the reason <hi>Animals</hi> &amp; <hi>Vegetables,</hi> which are young, have not so great strength as when they are full growne; because there are fewer <hi>spirits,</hi> and the <hi>materialls</hi> are loose and unsetled, not knockt close: But by de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees more <hi>spirits</hi> gather together, which helpe to forward their worke, bring in <hi>materialls</hi> by <hi>Food,</hi> setling them by <hi>nou<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rishment,</hi> carrying out by <hi>Evacuations</hi> that <hi>matter</hi> that is unusefull, and that Rubbish and Chips, as I may say, which would hinder their <hi>motion.</hi> If they bring in unusefull <hi>matter,</hi> their <hi>figure</hi> increases
<pb n="22" facs="tcp:115281:24"/>
not, as we say, thrives not. And if they carry out the principall <hi>materials,</hi> the <hi>fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure</hi> decayes, and falls downe. But those parts of <hi>matter</hi> which are not <hi>spirits,</hi> do not carry that part of <hi>matter</hi> which is <hi>spirit,</hi> but the <hi>spirits</hi> carry the dull <hi>mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter.</hi> Thus the <hi>spirits,</hi> the <hi>innated matter,</hi> move in dull <hi>matter,</hi> and dull <hi>matter</hi> mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>veth by the <hi>spirits;</hi> and if the <hi>matter</hi> be fine, and not grosse, which they build withall, and their <hi>motion</hi> be regular, then the <hi>Figure</hi> is beautifull and well propor<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tioned.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Increasing.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe reason that the <hi>corruption</hi> of one <hi>Figure</hi> is the cause of making of <hi>ano<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther</hi> of the same <hi>kinde,</hi> is, not onely, that it is of such a <hi>tempered matter</hi> that can onely make such a kinde of <hi>figure;</hi> but that the <hi>spirits</hi> make <hi>figures</hi> according to their strength: So that the <hi>spirits</hi> that<note place="margin">I mean the Figure of dul matter</note> are in the <hi>Seed,</hi> when they have undone the <hi>figure</hi> they are in, by a generall ex<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pulsion, which we call <hi>corruption,</hi> they begin to create againe another <hi>figure</hi> of the same kinde, if no greater power hin<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>der
<pb n="23" facs="tcp:115281:24"/>
it. For the <hi>Matter</hi> that is proper, to make such like <hi>Figures,</hi> is fitted, or temper'd to their strengths. So as the <hi>Temper</hi> of the <hi>Matter,</hi> and the <hi>strength</hi> of the <hi>Spirits,</hi> are the <hi>Erectors</hi> of those <hi>Figures</hi> eternally. And the reason, that from one <hi>Seed,</hi> lesse, or more Numbers are increased and raisd, is, that though <hi>few</hi> begin the work, <hi>more</hi> will come to their help; And as their <hi>Numbers</hi> are increased, their <hi>Figures</hi> are more, or lesse, weaker, or stronger.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Decay.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHen <hi>Spirits</hi> of <hi>Life</hi> have created<note place="margin">As a plen<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tifull Crop, or a great Brood.</note> a <hi>Figure,</hi> and brought it to per<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fection; if they did not pull it down a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gain they would be idle having no work to do; and Idlenesse is against the <hi>Na<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ture</hi> of <hi>Life,</hi> being a perpetuall <hi>Mption.</hi> For as soon as a <hi>Figure</hi> is perfected, the <hi>Spirits</hi> generally move to an <hi>Expulsive Motion.</hi> This is the reason, that <hi>Age</hi> hath not that strength as <hi>Full-growth:</hi> But like an old house falling down by de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees, shed their Haires or Leaves, in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stead of Tiles, the Windowes broke
<pb n="24" facs="tcp:115281:25"/>
downe, and stopped with Rubbish.</p>
<p>So <hi>Eyes</hi> in <hi>Animals</hi> grow hollow and dimme. And when the Foundation of a house is loose, every little wind shakes it. So when the <hi>Nerves</hi> being slack, and the <hi>Muscles</hi> untyed, and the <hi>Joynts</hi> unhing'd, the whole <hi>Body</hi> is weak, and tottering, which we call <hi>Palsies:</hi> which <hi>Palsies,</hi> as the wind, shakes.</p>
<p>The <hi>Blood,</hi> as the <hi>Springe</hi> dries up, <hi>Rheumes</hi> as <hi>Raine</hi> fals down, and <hi>Vapours,</hi> as <hi>Dust,</hi> flye up.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Dead,</hi> and <hi>Death.</hi>
</head>
<p>
<hi>DEad</hi> is, where there is a <hi>Generall Al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>teration</hi> of such <hi>Motion,</hi> as is proper to such <hi>Figures.</hi> But <hi>Death</hi> is an <hi>Anni<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>hilation</hi> of that <hi>Print,</hi> or <hi>Figure,</hi> by an <hi>Expulsive Motion:</hi> And as that <hi>Figure</hi> dissolves, the <hi>Spirits</hi> disperse about, carrying their severall burthens to the making of other <hi>Figures.</hi> Like as a house that is ruin'd by <hi>Time,</hi> or spoyled by ac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cident; the severall <hi>Materials</hi> are im<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ployed to other uses; sometimes to the building of an house again. But a house is longer a building then a pulling down,
<pb n="25" facs="tcp:115281:25"/>
by reason of the cutting, carving, lay<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing, carrying, placing, and fitting every part to make them joyn together; so all the works of <hi>Nature</hi> are sooner dissolv'd then created.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Locall Shapes.</hi>
</head>
<p>SOme <hi>Shapes</hi> have power over others, but tis not alwaies in the size, or bulck of the <hi>Figure,</hi> but in the manner of their <hi>Formes</hi> that gives advantage, or disad<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vantage. A little Mouse will run through the Snowt of a great Elephant: A little Flye will sting a great <hi>Figure</hi> to death; A Worm will wind through a thick Bo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dy; The Lions force lies in his Clawes, The Horses in his Hoofe, The Dogs in his Teeth, The Bulls in his Hornes, and Mans in his Armes, and Hands; Birdes in their Bills, and Talons: And the man<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ner of their <hi>Shapes</hi> gives them severall properties, or faculties. As the <hi>Shape</hi> of a Bird causes them to <hi>flye,</hi> a Worm to <hi>creep,</hi> the <hi>Shape</hi> of a Beast to <hi>run,</hi> the <hi>Shape</hi> of Fish to <hi>swim;</hi> yet some flye swifter, and higher then others, as their Wings are made: So some run nimbler
<pb n="26" facs="tcp:115281:26"/>
then others, according as their Limbs are made; and some swim glider then others, according as their Fins are made. But <hi>Man</hi> surpasses the <hi>shape</hi> of all other <hi>Creatures;</hi> because he hath a part, as it were, of every <hi>shape.</hi> But the same <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion,</hi> and the same <hi>Matter,</hi> without the <hi>shape,</hi> could not give such <hi>Externall Pro<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>perties;</hi> since all <hi>Internall Properties</hi> are wrought out of <hi>dull Matter.</hi> So as it is their <hi>shapes,</hi> joyned with such <hi>Motions</hi> proper thereunto, that give strength, &amp; Agilenesse. But the <hi>Internall Qualities</hi> may be alike in every <hi>Figure;</hi> because <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> worke not upon <hi>dull Matter,</hi> but <hi>Figures</hi> themselves.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Visible Motion</hi> in <hi>Animals, Vegetables,</hi> and <hi>Minerals.</hi>
</head>
<p>THE <hi>Externall Motions</hi> of <hi>Animals</hi> are, running, turning, winding, tumbling, leaping, jumping, shoving, throwing, darting, climbing, creeping, drawing, heaving, lifting, carrying, holding, or staying, piercing, digging flying, swimming, diving. The <hi>Internall
<pb n="27" facs="tcp:115281:26"/>
Motion,</hi> is, contriving, directing, exami<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ning, comparing, or judging, contem<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>plating, or reasoning, approving, or dis<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>approving, resolving. From whence a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rise all the <hi>Passions,</hi> and severall <hi>Dispo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sitions.</hi> These, and the like, are the <hi>vi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sible, Internall Motions</hi> in <hi>Animals.</hi>
</p>
<p>The <hi>Internall Motions</hi> of <hi>Vegetables,</hi> and <hi>Minerals,</hi> are in operation; As, contracting, dilating; which is <hi>At<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tractive, Retentive, Digestive, Expulsive.</hi> The <hi>Vegetables Externall Motion,</hi> is, in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>creasing, decreasing, that is enlarging, or lasting; although there may be <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> not moving, yet there is no <hi>Matter,</hi> which is not moved.</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Working</hi> of severall <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions</hi> of <hi>Nature.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>MOtions</hi> do work according as they finde</l>
<l>
<hi>Matter,</hi> that's fit, and proper for each kinde.</l>
<l>
<hi>Sensitive Spirits</hi> work not all one way,</l>
<l>But as the <hi>Matter</hi> is, they cut, carve, lay.</l>
<pb n="28" facs="tcp:115281:27"/>
<l>Joyning together <hi>Matter, solid Light,</hi>
</l>
<l>And build, &amp; form some <hi>Figures</hi> streight upright;</l>
<l>Or make them bending, and so jutting out:</l>
<l>And <hi>some</hi> are large, and strong, and big about.</l>
<l>And <hi>some</hi> are thick, and hard, and close unite;</l>
<l>
<hi>Others</hi> are flat, and low, and loose, and light.</l>
<l>But when they meet with <hi>Matter,</hi> fine, and thin,</l>
<l>Then they do weave, as <hi>Spiders</hi> when they spin:</l>
<l>All that is woven is soft, smooth, thin things,</l>
<l>As flowry <hi>Vegetables,</hi> &amp; <hi>Animall Skins.</hi>
</l>
<l>Observe the <hi>Graine</hi> of every thing, youle see,</l>
<l>Like inter-woven <hi>Threads</hi> lye evenly.</l>
<l>And like to <hi>Diaper,</hi> &amp; <hi>Damask</hi> wrought,</l>
<l>In severall workes, that for our Table's bought.</l>
<l>Or like to Carpets which the <hi>Persian</hi> made,</l>
<l>Or Sattin smooth, which is the <hi>Florence</hi> Trade.</l>
<pb n="29" facs="tcp:115281:27"/>
<l>Some <hi>Matter</hi> they ingrave, like Ring, and Seale,</l>
<l>Which is the Stamp of <hi>Natures</hi> Com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mon-weale.</l>
<l>Tis <hi>Natures</hi> Armes, where she doth print</l>
<l>On all her Works, as <hi>Coyne</hi> that's in the <hi>Mint.</hi>
</l>
<l>Some severall sorts they joyn together glu'd.</l>
<l>As <hi>Matter solid,</hi> with some that's <hi>fluid.</hi>
</l>
<l>Like to the Earthly ball, where some are mixt</l>
<l>Of severall sorts, although not fixt.</l>
<l>For though the <hi>Figure</hi> of the Earth may last</l>
<l>Longer then others; yet at last may waste.</l>
<l>And so the <hi>Sun,</hi> and <hi>Moon,</hi> and <hi>Planets</hi> all,</l>
<l>Like other <hi>Figures,</hi> at the last may fall.</l>
<l>The <hi>Matter's</hi> still the same, but <hi>Motion</hi> may</l>
<l>Alter it into <hi>Figures</hi> every way:</l>
<l>Yet keepe the property, to make such kind</l>
<l>Of <hi>Figures</hi> fit, which <hi>Motion</hi> out can find.</l>
<pb n="30" facs="tcp:115281:28"/>
<l>Thus may the <hi>Figures</hi> change, if <hi>Motion</hi> hurles</l>
<l>That <hi>Matter</hi> of her waies, sor other Worlds.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>Minde.</hi>
</head>
<p>THere is a degree of stronger <hi>Spirits</hi> then the <hi>Sensitive Spirits,</hi> as it were<note place="margin">These de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees are visible to us.</note> the <hi>Essence</hi> of <hi>Spirits;</hi> as the <hi>Spirit</hi> of <hi>Spirits:</hi> This is the <hi>Minde,</hi> or <hi>Soule</hi> of <hi>Animalls.</hi> For as the <hi>Sensitive Spirits</hi> are a weak <hi>knowledge,</hi> so this is a stronger <hi>Knowledge.</hi> As to similize them, I may say, there is as much difference betwixt them, as <hi>Aqua Fortis,</hi> to ordinary <hi>Vitri<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>oll.</hi> These <hi>Rationall Spirits,</hi> as I may call them, worke not upon <hi>dull Matter,</hi> as the <hi>Sensitive Spirits</hi> do; but only move in measure, and number, which make <hi>Figures;</hi> which <hi>Figures</hi> are <hi>Thoughts,</hi> as <hi>Memory, Understanding, Imaginations,</hi> or <hi>Fancy,</hi> and <hi>Remembrance,</hi> and <hi>Will.</hi>
</p>
<p>Thus these <hi>Spirits</hi> moving in measure, casting, and placing themselves into <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures</hi> make a <hi>Consort,</hi> and <hi>Harmony</hi> by Numbers.</p>
<p>Where the greater Quantity, or Num<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bers,
<pb n="31" facs="tcp:115281:28"/>
are together of those <hi>rationall Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi> the more variety of <hi>Figure</hi> is made<note place="margin">
<hi>Dancing is a measur'd</hi> Motion.</note> by their severall <hi>Motion,</hi> they dance se<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>verall dances according to their Com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pany.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of their severall <hi>Dances,</hi> or <hi>Figures.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHat <hi>Object</hi> soever is presented un<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>to them by the <hi>senses,</hi> they straite dance themselves into that <hi>Figure;</hi> this is <hi>Memory.</hi> And when they dance the same <hi>figure</hi> without the helpe of the <hi>out<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ward object,</hi> this is <hi>Remembrance</hi> When they dance <hi>figures</hi> of their owne inven<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion, (as I may say) then that is <hi>Imagi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nation</hi> or <hi>Fancie. Understanding</hi> is when they dance perfectly (as I may say) not to misse the least part of those <hi>figures</hi> that are brought through the senses. <hi>Will</hi> is to choose a dance, that is to move as they please, and not as they are per<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>swaded by the <hi>sensitive spirits.</hi> But when their <hi>motion</hi> and <hi>measures</hi> be not regular, or their <hi>quantity</hi> or <hi>numbers</hi> sufficient to make the <hi>figures</hi> perfect, then is the <hi>minde</hi> weak and infirme, (as I may say) they
<pb n="32" facs="tcp:115281:29"/>
dance out of time and measure. But where the greatest <hi>number</hi> of these, or <hi>quantity</hi> of these <hi>Essences</hi> are met, and joyn'd in the most regular <hi>motion,</hi> there is the clearest <hi>Understanding,</hi> the deepest <hi>Judgement,</hi> the perfectest <hi>Knowledge,</hi> the finest <hi>Fancies,</hi> the more <hi>Imagination,</hi> the stronger <hi>Memory,</hi> the obstinatest <hi>Will.</hi>
</p>
<p>But sometimes their <hi>motions</hi> may be <hi>re<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gular;</hi> but society is so small, so as they cannot change into so many severall <hi>fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures:</hi> then we say he hath a weak <hi>minde,</hi> or a poor <hi>soule.</hi> But be their <hi>quantity</hi> or <hi>numbers</hi> few or great, yet if they move confusedly, and out of order, wee say the <hi>minde</hi> is distracted. And the reason the <hi>minde,</hi> or <hi>soule</hi> is improveable, or decayable, is, that the <hi>quantity</hi> or <hi>num<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bers</hi> are <hi>increaseable,</hi> or <hi>decreaseable,</hi> and their <hi>motions</hi> regular, and irregular.</p>
<p>A Feaver in the Body is the same <hi>mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> amongst the <hi>sensitive spirits,</hi> as <hi>mad<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nesse</hi> is in the <hi>minde</hi> amongst the <hi>rationall Spirits.</hi> So lkewise <hi>Paine</hi> in the <hi>Body</hi> is like those <hi>Motions,</hi> that make <hi>Griefe</hi> in the <hi>Minde.</hi> So <hi>Pleasure</hi> in the <hi>Body</hi> is the like <hi>Motions,</hi> as make <hi>Delight,</hi> and <hi>Joy</hi> in the <hi>Minde,</hi> All <hi>Convulsive Motions</hi>
<pb n="33" facs="tcp:115281:29"/>
in the <hi>Body,</hi> are like the <hi>Motions</hi> that cause <hi>Feare</hi> in the <hi>Minde.</hi> All <hi>Expul<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sive motions</hi> amongst the <hi>Rational Spirits,</hi> are a dispersing their <hi>Society;</hi> As <hi>Ex<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pulsity</hi> in the <hi>Body,</hi> is the dispersing of <hi>dull Matter</hi> by the <hi>Sensitive Spirits.</hi>
</p>
<p>All <hi>Drugs</hi> have an <hi>Opposite Motion</hi> to the <hi>Matter</hi> they work on, working by an <hi>Expulsive Motion;</hi> and if they move strongly, having great quantity of <hi>Spirits</hi> gathered together in a little <hi>dul Matter,</hi> they do not only cast out <hi>superfluous matter,</hi> but pul down the very <hi>Materials</hi> of a <hi>Figure.</hi> But al <hi>Cordials</hi> have a <hi>Sym<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>patheticall Motion</hi> to the <hi>Matter</hi> they meet, giving strength by their help to those <hi>Spirits</hi> they finde tired: (as one may say) that it is to be over-power'd by <hi>opposite Motions</hi> in <hi>dull Matter.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Sympathy,</hi> and <hi>Antipathy</hi> of <hi>Spirits.</hi>
</head>
<p>
<hi>PLeasure,</hi> and <hi>Delight, Discontent,</hi> and <hi>Sorrow,</hi> which is <hi>Love,</hi> and <hi>Hate,</hi> is like <hi>Light,</hi> and <hi>Darknesse;</hi> the one is a quick, equall, and free <hi>Motion;</hi> the o<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther
<pb n="34" facs="tcp:115281:30"/>
is a slow, irregular, and obstructed <hi>Motion.</hi> When there is the like <hi>Motion</hi> of <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> in <hi>opposite Figures,</hi> then there is a like <hi>Understanding,</hi> and <hi>Disposition.</hi> Just as when there is the like <hi>Motion</hi> in the <hi>Sensitive Spirits,</hi> then there is the like <hi>Constitution</hi> of <hi>Body.</hi> So when there is the like quantity laid in the same <hi>Symmetry,</hi> then the <hi>Figures</hi> agree in the same Proportions, and Lineaments of <hi>Figures.</hi>
</p>
<p>The reason, that the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> in one <hi>Figure,</hi> are delighted with the outward <hi>Forme</hi> of another <hi>Figure,</hi> is, that the <hi>Motions</hi> of those <hi>sensitive Spirits</hi> which move in that <hi>Figure</hi> agree with the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> in the other. This is <hi>Love</hi> of <hi>Beauty;</hi> And when the <hi>sensitive Motions</hi> alter in the <hi>Figure</hi> of the <hi>Body,</hi> and the <hi>Beauty</hi> decaies, then the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> alter, and the <hi>love,</hi> or <hi>goodliking</hi> ceases. If the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> are crosse to the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>sensitive Spirits,</hi> in opposite <hi>Figures,</hi> then it is <hi>dislike.</hi> So if the <hi>Motion</hi> be just crosse, and contrary, of the <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> in <hi>opposite Figures,</hi> it is <hi>Hate;</hi> but if they agree, it is <hi>Love.</hi>
</p>
<p>
<pb n="35" facs="tcp:115281:30"/>
But these <hi>Sympathies,</hi> which are made only by a <hi>likenesse</hi> of <hi>Motions</hi> without an <hi>Intermixture,</hi> last not longe; because those <hi>Spirits</hi> are at a distance, changing their <hi>Motion</hi> without the knowledge, or consent of either side. But the way that the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> intermix, is, through the Organs of the <hi>Body,</hi> especially the <hi>Eyes,</hi> and <hi>Eares,</hi> which are the common doors, which let the <hi>Spirits</hi> out, and in. For the <hi>Vocall,</hi> and <hi>Verbal Motion</hi> from the mouth, carry the <hi>spirits</hi> through the <hi>eares</hi> down to the <hi>Heart,</hi> where <hi>Love,</hi> and <hi>Hate</hi> is lodged. And the <hi>Spirits</hi> from the <hi>Eyes</hi> issue out in Beames, and Raies; as from the <hi>Sun,</hi> which heat, or scorch<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>Scorch<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing is, when the</hi> Motion <hi>is too quick.</hi>
</note> the <hi>Heart,</hi> which either raise a fruitful crop of <hi>Love,</hi> making the ground fertile, or dries it so much, as makes it insipid, that nothing of <hi>good</hi> will grow there, unlesse stinking <hi>Weeds</hi> of <hi>Hate:</hi> But if the ground be fertile, although e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>very Crop is not so rich, as some, yet it never growes barren, unlesse they take out the strength with too much <hi>kindness;</hi> As the old Proverb, they kill with too much <hi>kindnesse;</hi> which Murther is sel<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dome committed. But the <hi>rationall spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi>
<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>That is, when there come so many</hi> Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits, <hi>as they disa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gree, pres<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sing upon one ano<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther.</hi>
</note>
<pb n="36" facs="tcp:115281:31"/>
are apt to take Surfet, as wel as <hi>sen<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sitive spirits,</hi> which makes <hi>Love,</hi> and <hi>Good-will,</hi> so often to be ill rewarded, neglected, and disdain'd.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Sympathy</hi> of <hi>Sensitive,</hi> and <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> in one <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure.</hi>
</head>
<p>THere is a stronge <hi>Sympathy,</hi> and a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>greement, or <hi>Affection</hi> (as I may say) betwixt the <hi>rationall spirits,</hi> and the <hi>sensitive spirits</hi> joyned in one <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure:</hi> Like Fellow-labourers that assist one another, to help to finish their work. For when they disagree, as the <hi>ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall spirits</hi> will move one way some<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>times, and the <hi>sensitive spirits</hi> another; that is, when <hi>Reason</hi> strives to abate the <hi>Appetite</hi> of the <hi>Senses;</hi> yet it is by a loving direction, rather to admonish them by a gentle <hi>contrary Motion</hi> for them to imitate, and follow in the like <hi>Motions;</hi> yet it is, as they alwayes agree at last; Like the Father, and the Son. For though the Father rules by command, and the Son obeies through obedience,
<pb n="37" facs="tcp:115281:31"/>
yet the Father out of love to his Son, as willing to please him, submits to his de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>light, although<note n="(†)" place="margin">Those Degrees <hi>that are neerest, have the greatest</hi> Sympa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>thy.</note> it is against his liking. So the <hi>rationall spirits</hi> oftimes agree with the <hi>Motions</hi> of the <hi>sensitive spirits,</hi> al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>though they would rather move another way.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The <hi>Sympathy</hi> of the <hi>Rationall</hi> and <hi>Sensitive Spirits,</hi> to the <hi>Figure</hi> they make, and inha<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bit.</head>
<p>ALL the <hi>Externall Motion</hi> in a <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure,</hi> is, by the <hi>sensitive spirits;</hi> and all the <hi>Internall,</hi> by the <hi>Rationall spirits:</hi> and when the <hi>Rationall,</hi> and <hi>Sensitive Spirits,</hi> disagree in <hi>opposite Figures,</hi> by contrary <hi>Motion,</hi> they oft war upon one another; which to defend, the <hi>sensitive Spirits,</hi> and <hi>rationall Spirits,</hi> use all their force, and power in either <hi>Figure;</hi> to defend, or to assault, to succour, or to destroy, through an aversion made by contrary <hi>Motions</hi> in each other.</p>
<p>Now the <hi>rationall spirits</hi> do not only choose the <hi>Materialls</hi> for their defence,
<pb n="38" facs="tcp:115281:32"/>
or assault, but do direct the <hi>sensitive spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi> in the management thereof; and according to the strength of the <hi>spirits</hi> of either side, the victory is gain'd, or lost. If the <hi>Body</hi> be weak, there is lesse <hi>sensitive Spirit,</hi> if the direction be not advantageous, there is lesse <hi>rationall Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rit.</hi> But many times the Alacrity of the <hi>rationall</hi> and <hi>sensitive Spirits,</hi> made by moving in a <hi>regular Motion,</hi> overcomes the greater <hi>numbers,</hi> being in a disorder'd <hi>Motion.</hi> Thus what is lost by <hi>Scarcity,</hi> is regain'd by <hi>Conformity</hi> and <hi>Unity.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Pleasure,</hi> and <hi>Paine.</hi>
</head>
<p>ALL <hi>Evacuations</hi> have an <hi>Expul<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sive Motion;</hi> If the <hi>Expulsive Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> is <hi>regular,</hi> tis <hi>Pleasure,</hi> if <hi>irregular,</hi> tis <hi>Paine.</hi> Indeed, all <hi>Irregular,</hi> and <hi>crosse Motion,</hi> is <hi>Paine;</hi> all <hi>Regular Motion</hi> is <hi>Pleasure,</hi> and <hi>Delight,</hi> being a <hi>Harmony</hi> of <hi>Motion,</hi> or a discord of <hi>Motion.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>Minde.</hi>
</head>
<p>IMagine the <hi>rationall Essence,</hi> or <hi>Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi> like little <hi>sphericall Bodies</hi> of
<pb n="39" facs="tcp:115281:32"/>
<hi>Quick-silver</hi> several ways<note n="(†)" place="margin">Like Chess-men, Table-men Nine-pins, or the like.</note> placing them<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>selves in several <hi>Figures,</hi> sometimes mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ving in measure, and in order, and some<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>times out of order: this Quick-silver to be the <hi>Minde,</hi> and their severall postures made by <hi>Motion,</hi> the <hi>Passions,</hi> and <hi>Affe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ctions;</hi> or all that is moving in a <hi>Minde,</hi> to expresse those severall <hi>motions,</hi> is one<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ly to be done by <hi>guesse,</hi> not by <hi>knowledge,</hi> as some few I will guesseat. <hi>Love</hi> is, when they move in equall number, and even measure. <hi>Hate</hi> is an opposite motion: <hi>Feare</hi> is, when those small Bodies tum<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ble on a Heap together without order. <hi>Anger</hi> is, when they move without mea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sure, and in no uniforme Figure. <hi>Incon<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stancy</hi> is, when they move swistly severall wayes. <hi>Constancy</hi> is a circular motion. <hi>Doubt,</hi> and <hi>suspition,</hi> and <hi>jealousie,</hi> are, when those small Bodies move with odd numbers. <hi>Hope</hi> is when those small Bo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dies move like wilde Geese, one after a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nother. <hi>Admiration</hi> is, when those Sphe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ricall Bodies gather close together, knit<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ting so, as to make such a circular figure; and one is to stand for a Center or point in the midst. <hi>Humility</hi> is a creeping mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion. <hi>Joy</hi> is a hopping, skipping motion.
<pb n="40" facs="tcp:115281:33"/>
<hi>Ambition</hi> is a lofty motion, as to move upwards, or<note n="*" place="margin">I say higher, for expressions sake.</note> higher then other mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions. <hi>Coveting,</hi> or <hi>Ambition</hi> is like a fly<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing motion, moving in severall Figures like that which they covet for; if they covet for <hi>Fame,</hi> they put themselves into such Figures, as Letters do, that expresse words, which words are such praises as they would have, or such Figures as they would have Statues cutt, or Pictures drawne: But all their motion which they make, is according to those Figures with which they sympathize and agree: be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sides, their motion and figures are like the <hi>sound</hi> of Musick; though the Notes differ, the cords agree to make a harmony: so se<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>veral Symmetries make a perfect Figure, severall Figures make a just number, and severall quantities or proportions make a just weight, and severall Lines make an even measure: thus equall may be made out of Divisions eternally, and infinite<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ly. And because the Figures and motions of the infinite Spirits which they move, and make, are infinite, I cannot give a fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nall description: besides, their motion is so subtle, curious, and intricate, as they are past finding out.</p>
<pb n="41" facs="tcp:115281:33"/>
<lg>
<l>Some <hi>Naturall Motions</hi> work so cu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rious fine,</l>
<l>None can perceive, unlesse an <hi>Eye di<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vine.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Thinking,</hi> or the <hi>Minde,</hi> and <hi>Thoughts.</hi>
</head>
<p>ONE may think, and yet not of any particular thing; that is, one may have <hi>Sense,</hi> and not <hi>Thoughts:</hi> For <hi>Thoughts</hi> are when the <hi>Minde</hi> takes a particular notice of some outward <hi>Ob<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ject,</hi> or inward <hi>Idea;</hi> But <hi>Thinking</hi> is only a <hi>Sense</hi> without any particular no<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tice. As for Example; Those that are in a great <hi>feare,</hi> and are amazed, the <hi>Minde</hi> is in confus'd <hi>sense,</hi> without any particular <hi>Thoughts:</hi> but when the <hi>Minde</hi> is out of that amaze, it fixes it selfe on <hi>Particulars,</hi> and then have <hi>Thoughts</hi> of <hi>past danger;</hi> but the <hi>Minde</hi> can have no particular <hi>Thought</hi> of the <hi>Amaze;</hi> for the <hi>Minde</hi> cannot call to minde that which was not.</p>
<p>Likewise when we are asleep, the <hi>Mind</hi> is not out of the <hi>Body,</hi> nor the <hi>Motion</hi>
<pb n="42" facs="tcp:115281:34"/>
that makes the <hi>sense</hi> of the <hi>Minde</hi> ceast, which is <hi>Thinking;</hi> but the <hi>Motion</hi> that makes the <hi>Thoughts</hi> therein work upon <hi>Particulars.</hi> Thus the <hi>Minde</hi> may bee without <hi>Thoughts,</hi> but <hi>Thoughts</hi> cannot be without the <hi>Minde:</hi> yet <hi>Thoughts</hi> go out of the <hi>Minde</hi> very oft, that is, such a <hi>Motion</hi> to such a thing is ceast; and when that <hi>Motion</hi> is made again, it returns. Thus <hi>Thinking</hi> is the <hi>Minde,</hi> and <hi>Thoughts</hi> the <hi>Effect</hi> thereof: <hi>Thinking</hi> is an equall <hi>Motion</hi> without a <hi>Figure,</hi> or as when we feele <hi>Heat,</hi> and see no fire.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>Motions</hi> of the <hi>Spirits.</hi>
</head>
<p>IF it be, as probably it is, that all <hi>sensi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tive Spirits</hi> live in <hi>dull Matter;</hi> So <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> live in <hi>sensitive Spirits,</hi> according to the <hi>shape</hi> of those <hi>Figures</hi> that the <hi>sensitive Spirits</hi> form them.</p>
<p>The <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> by moving seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall waies, may make severall kindes of <hi>Knowledge,</hi> and according to the <hi>Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ons</hi> of the <hi>sensitive Spirits</hi> in their seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall <hi>Figures</hi> they make, though the <hi>Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi> may be the same, yet their severall <hi>Motions</hi> may be unknown to each other.
<pb n="43" facs="tcp:115281:34"/>
Like as a <hi>Point,</hi> that writes upon a Ta<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ble-book, which when the Letter that was writ thereon, is rub'd out, the Table is as plain, as if there was never any Let<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter thereon; But though the Letters are out, yet the Table-book, and Pen re<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>maine. So although this <hi>Motion</hi> is gone, the <hi>Spirit,</hi> and <hi>Matter</hi> remaine; But if those <hi>Spirits</hi> make other kindes of <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions,</hi> like other kindes of <hi>Letters,</hi> or <hi>Language,</hi> those <hi>Motions</hi> understand not the <hi>first,</hi> nor the <hi>first</hi> understands not them, being as severall <hi>Languages.</hi> Even so it may be in a <hi>Sound;</hi> for that kind of <hi>Knowledge</hi> the <hi>Figure</hi> had in the <hi>Sound,</hi> which is an alteration of the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>rationall Spirits,</hi> caus'd by an alte<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ration of the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>sensitive Spirits</hi> in <hi>dull Matter:</hi> And by these disorderly <hi>Motions,</hi> other <hi>Motions</hi> are ru'bd out of the Table-book, which is the <hi>Matter</hi> that was moved. But if the same kind of letters be writ in the same place again; that is, when the <hi>Spirits</hi> move in the same <hi>Motion,</hi> then the same <hi>know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge</hi> is in that <hi>Figure,</hi> as it was before; the other kind of <hi>Knowledge,</hi> which was made by other kind of <hi>Motion,</hi> is rub'd
<pb n="44" facs="tcp:115281:35"/>
out; which severall <hi>knowledge</hi> is no more known to each other, then severall <hi>Languages</hi> by unlearned men. And as <hi>Language</hi> is still <hi>Language,</hi> though not understood, so <hi>Knowledge</hi> is still <hi>Knowledge,</hi> although not generall; but if they be That, we call dead, then those letters that were rubbed out, were never writ again; which is, the same <hi>knowledge</hi> never returnes into the same <hi>Figure.</hi>
</p>
<p>Thus the <hi>Spirits</hi> of <hi>Knowledge,</hi> or the <hi>Knowledge</hi> of <hi>Spirits,</hi> which is their seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall <hi>Motions,</hi> may be ignorant, and unac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>quainted with each other: that is, that some <hi>Motion</hi> may not know how other <hi>Motions</hi> move, not only in several <hi>Spirits,</hi> but in one and the same <hi>Spirit;</hi> no more then every Effect can know their Cause: And <hi>Motion</hi> is but the Effect of the <hi>Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi> which <hi>Spirits</hi> are a thin, subtle <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter:</hi> for there would be no <hi>Motion</hi> if there were no <hi>Matter;</hi> for <hi>Nothing</hi> can move: but there may be <hi>Matter</hi> with<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>out <hi>Selfe-motion,</hi> but not <hi>Selfe-motion</hi> without <hi>Matter.</hi>
</p>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>Matter prime</hi> knowes not what ef<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fects shall be,</l>
<l>Or how their severall <hi>motions</hi> will agree.</l>
<pb n="45" facs="tcp:115281:35"/>
<l>Because<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>Nothing can bee made or known ab<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>solute out of</hi> Infinite <hi>and</hi> Eter<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nall.</note> tis <hi>Infinite,</hi> and so doth move</l>
<l>Eternally, in which nothing can prove.</l>
<l>For <hi>Infinite</hi> doth not in compasse lye,</l>
<l>Nor hath Eternall Lines to measure by.</l>
<l>
<hi>Knowledge</hi> is there none, to comprehend</l>
<l>That which hath no beginning, nor no end.</l>
<l>Perfect <hi>Knowledge</hi> comprises all can be,</l>
<l>But nothing can comprise <hi>Eternity.</hi>
</l>
<l>
<hi>Destiny,</hi> and <hi>Fates,</hi> or what the like we call,</l>
<l>In <hi>Infinites</hi> they no power have at all.</l>
<l>
<hi>Nature</hi> hath Generosity enough to give</l>
<l>All <hi>Figures</hi> case, whilst in that <hi>Form</hi> they live.</l>
<l>But <hi>Motion</hi> which innated <hi>Matter</hi> is</l>
<l>By running crosse, each severall paines it gives.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the Creation of the Animall <hi>Figure.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe reason,<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>Though it may have other</hi> Motions, <hi>yet not the</hi> Animall Motion.</note> that the sensitive <hi>spirits,</hi> when they begin to create an animal <hi>Figure,</hi> the <hi>figure</hi> that is created feels it not, untill the modell be finished,
<pb n="46" facs="tcp:115281:36"/>
that is, it cannot have an animall mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion, untill it hath an animall <hi>Figure;</hi> for it is the shape which gives it locall motion: and after the Fabrick is built, they begin to furnish it with<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>The</hi> Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure <hi>might bee without an</hi> Animall Motion, <hi>but an</hi> A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nimall Motion <hi>cannot bee untill there is an</hi> Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure</note> strength, and inlarge it with growth, and the <hi>ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall Spirit</hi> which inhabits it, chooseth his room, which is the <hi>Head;</hi> And al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>though some <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> were from the first creating it, yet had not such mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions, as when created: besides, at first they have not so much company, as to make so much <hi>change,</hi> as to take parts, like Instruments of Musick, which can<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>not make so much Division upon few strings as upon more. The next, the <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure</hi> being weak, their motions cannot be strong; besides, before the <hi>Figure</hi> is inlarged by growth, they want room to move in. This is the reason, that new<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>borne Animalls seeme to have no know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge, especially Man; because the <hi>spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi> do neither move so strong, nor have such variety of change, for want of com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pany to make a Consort. Yet some Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>malls have more knowledge then others, by reason of their strength, as all Beasts know their Dams, and run to their Dugs,
<pb n="47" facs="tcp:115281:36"/>
and know how to suck as soone as they are borne; and Birds and Children, and the like weak Creatures, such do not.</p>
<p>But the <hi>Spirits</hi> of sense give them strength, and the <hi>spirits</hi> of reason do direct them to their Food,<note n="(†)" place="margin">
<hi>Which Food is when such Materialls are not proper for such a</hi> Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure.</note> &amp; the <hi>Spirits</hi> of sense give them Taste, and Appetite, and the <hi>spirits</hi> of reason choose their meat: for all Animall Creatures are not of one dyet, for that which will nourish one, will destroy another.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The Gathering of <hi>Spirits.</hi>
</head>
<p>IF the <hi>rationall Spirits</hi> should enter in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>to a <hi>Figure</hi> newly created, altogether, and not by degrees, a Childe (for ex<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ample) would have as much <hi>understan<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ding</hi> and <hi>knowledge</hi> in the <hi>Womb,</hi> or when it is <hi>new-borne,</hi> as when it is inlarged and fully grown. But we finde by experience there are severall sorts and degrees of <hi>knowledge</hi> and <hi>understanding,</hi> by the re<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>course of <hi>spirits:</hi> Which is the reason, some <hi>Figures</hi> have greater <hi>Proportion</hi> of <hi>understanding</hi> and <hi>knowledge,</hi> and sooner then others; yet it is increased by de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees, according as <hi>rationall spirits</hi> in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>crease.
<pb n="48" facs="tcp:115281:37"/>
Like as Children, they must get strength before they can go. So <hi>Learn<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing</hi> and <hi>experience</hi> increase <hi>rationall spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi> as Food the <hi>sensitive:</hi> But expe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rience and Learning is not alwayes tyed to the <hi>Eare;</hi> for every <hi>Organ</hi> and <hi>Pore</hi> of the Body is as severall doores to let them in and out: For the <hi>Rationall spirits</hi> li<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ving with the <hi>Sensitive spirits,</hi> come in, and go out with them, but not in <hi>equall proportion,</hi> but sometimes more, some<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>times fewer: this makes <hi>understanding</hi> more perfect in <hi>Health</hi> then in <hi>Sicknesse,</hi> and in our middle age, more then in the latter age: For in age and sicknesse there is more carryed out, then brought in. This is the Reason, Children have not such understanding, but their reason in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>creaseth with their yeares. But the <hi>Ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall spirits</hi> may be similized<note n="†" place="margin">
<hi>The grea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter the</hi> Number <hi>is, the more vari<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ety of</hi> Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion <hi>is made, which makes</hi> Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures <hi>in the braine.</hi>
</note> to a com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pany of Good fellows, which have poin<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted a meeting; and the Company coming from severall places, makes their time the longer ere their numbers are complea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted, though many a braine is disappoin<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted; but in some <hi>Figures</hi> the rooms are not commodious to move in, made in their Creation, for want of helpe: those
<pb n="49" facs="tcp:115281:37"/>
are Changelings, Innocents, or Naturall Fooles.</p>
<p>The <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> seem most to de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>light in <hi>spungy, soft,</hi> and <hi>liquid Matter;</hi> as in the <hi>Blood, Brain, Nerves,</hi> and in <hi>Vegetables;</hi> as not only being neerest to their own nature, but having more room to move in. This makes the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> to choose the <hi>Head</hi> in <hi>Animals,</hi> for their chiefe room to dance their <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gures</hi> in:<note n="(†)" place="margin">In A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nimall Shapes.</note> for the <hi>Head</hi> is the big<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gest place that hath the <hi>spungy Mate<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rialls;</hi> thus as soon as a <hi>Figure</hi> is crea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted, those <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> choose a Room.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>The moving of <hi>Innate Matter.</hi>
</head>
<p>THough <hi>Motion</hi> makes <hi>Knowledge,</hi> yet the <hi>Spirits</hi> give <hi>Motion:</hi> for those <hi>Spirits,</hi> or <hi>Essences,</hi> are the Gui<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ders, Governours, Directers; The <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions</hi> are but their Instruments, the <hi>Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi> are the Cause, <hi>Motion</hi> but an Effect therefrom: For that <hi>thin Matter</hi> which is <hi>Spirits,</hi> can alter the <hi>Motion,</hi> but <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> cannot alter the <hi>Matter,</hi> or <hi>Nature</hi> of those <hi>Essences,</hi> or <hi>Spirits;</hi> so as the
<pb n="50" facs="tcp:115281:38"/>
same <hi>Spirits</hi> may be in a <hi>Body,</hi> but not one and the same <hi>Knowledge,</hi> because not the same <hi>Motion,</hi> that made that <hi>Knowledge.</hi> As for Example; How ma<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ny severall <hi>Touches</hi> belong to the <hi>Body?</hi> for every part of the <hi>Body</hi> hath a severall <hi>Touch,</hi> which is a severall <hi>Knowledge</hi> be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>longing to every severall <hi>part;</hi> for eve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ry severall <hi>part</hi> doth not know, and feele every severall <hi>Touch.</hi> For when the <hi>head</hi> akes, the <hi>heele</hi> feels it not, but only the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> which are free from the Incumbrance of <hi>dull Matter,</hi> they are <hi>agile,</hi> and <hi>quick</hi> to take notice of every particular <hi>Touch,</hi> in, or on every part of the <hi>Figure.</hi> The like motions of a <hi>paine</hi> in the <hi>Body.</hi> The like motion of the <hi>Rationall Spirits,</hi> we call a <hi>griefe</hi> in the <hi>Mind;</hi> for <hi>Touch</hi> in the <hi>Body,</hi> is a <hi>thought</hi> in the <hi>Mind;</hi> and to prove it is the like <hi>motion</hi> of the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> to the <hi>Sensitive,</hi> which makes the <hi>knowledge</hi> of it, is, that when the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> are busily moved with some Fantasmes, if a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ny thing touches the <hi>Body,</hi> it is not known to the <hi>Rationall Spirits,</hi> because the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> move not in such a <hi>Motion,</hi> as to make a <hi>Thought</hi> in the
<pb n="51" facs="tcp:115281:38"/>
<hi>Head,</hi> of the <hi>touch</hi> in the <hi>heele,</hi> which makes the <hi>thoughts</hi> to be as senselesse of that <hi>touch,</hi> as any other <hi>part</hi> of the <hi>Bo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dy,</hi> that hath not such <hi>paines</hi> made by such <hi>Motions.</hi> And shall we say, there is no <hi>sense</hi> in the <hi>heele,</hi> because no <hi>know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge</hi> of it in the <hi>Head?</hi> we may as well say, that when an <hi>Object</hi> stands just be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fore an <hi>eye</hi> that is blind, either by a con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>trary <hi>motion</hi> of the <hi>thoughts</hi> inward, by some deep Contemplation, or otherwise: we may as well say there is no outward <hi>Object,</hi> because the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> take no notice of that <hi>Object;</hi> tis not, that the stronger <hi>motion</hi> stops the lesse, or the swifter, the flower; for then the <hi>motions</hi> of the <hi>Planets</hi> would stop one anothers course.</p>
<p>Some will say, what <hi>sense</hi> hath man, or any other <hi>Animall</hi> when they are dead? It may be answered, that the <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure,</hi> which is a <hi>Body,</hi> may have <hi>sense,</hi> but not the <hi>Animall;</hi> for that we call an <hi>Animall,</hi> is such a <hi>temper'd Matter</hi> joyn'd in such a <hi>Figure,</hi> moving with such kind of <hi>Motions;</hi> but when those <hi>motions</hi> do generally alter, that are pro<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>per to an <hi>Animall,</hi> although the <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter,</hi>
<pb n="52" facs="tcp:115281:39"/>
and <hi>Figure</hi> remain, yet it is no lon<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ger an <hi>Animall,</hi> because those <hi>motions</hi> that help it to make an <hi>Animall</hi> are ceas'd: So as the <hi>Animall</hi> can have no more knowledge of what kind of <hi>sense</hi> the <hi>Figure</hi> hath, (because it is no more an <hi>Animall</hi>) then an <hi>Animall,</hi> what <hi>sense dust</hi> hath. And that is the reason, that when any part is dead in an <hi>Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall,</hi> if that those <hi>motions</hi> that belong<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ed to the <hi>Animall,</hi> are ceas'd in that <hi>part,</hi> which alter it from being a part of the <hi>Animall,</hi> and knowes no more what sense it hath, then if a living man should carry a dead man upon his shoulders, what <hi>sense</hi> the dead man feels, whether any, or no.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Matter, Motion,</hi> and <hi>Know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge</hi> or <hi>Understanding.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHatsoever hath an <hi>innate motion,</hi> hath <hi>Knowledge;</hi> and what <hi>mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> soever hath this <hi>innate motion,</hi> is <hi>know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing:</hi> But according to the severall mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions, are severall knowledges made; for <hi>Knowledge</hi> lives in <hi>motion,</hi> as motion lives in <hi>matter:</hi> for though the kind of <hi>matter</hi>
<pb n="53" facs="tcp:115281:39"/>
never alters, yet the manner of <hi>motions</hi> alters in that <hi>matter:</hi> and as <hi>motions</hi> al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter, so <hi>Knowledge</hi> differs, which makes the severall <hi>motions</hi> in severall <hi>Figures,</hi> to give severall knowledge. And where there is a likenesse of <hi>motion,</hi> there is a likenesse of <hi>Knowledge:</hi> As the <hi>Appetite</hi> of <hi>Sensitive spirits,</hi> and the desire of <hi>ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall spirits</hi> are alike motions in severall degrees of <hi>matter.</hi> And the <hi>Touch</hi> in the heel, or any part of the body else, is the like <hi>motion,</hi> as the <hi>Thought</hi> thereof in the head; the one is the <hi>motion</hi> of the <hi>sensi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tive spirits,</hi> the other in the <hi>rationall spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits,</hi> as <hi>touch</hi> from the sensitive spirits: for <hi>thought</hi> is only a strong <hi>touch,</hi> &amp; <hi>touch</hi> a weake <hi>thought.</hi> So <hi>Sense</hi> is a weak <hi>know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge,</hi> and <hi>knowledge</hi> a strong <hi>sense,</hi> made by the degrees of the <hi>Spirits:</hi> for <hi>Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall spirits</hi> are stronger (as I sayd be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fore) being of an higher extract (as I may say) in the Chymistry of Nature, which makes the different degrees in knowledge, by the difference in strengths and finenesse, or subtlety of <hi>matter.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="54" facs="tcp:115281:40"/>
<head>Of the <hi>Animall Figure.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHatsoever hath <hi>motion</hi> hath <hi>sensi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tive spirits;</hi> and what is there on Earth that is not wrought, or made into <hi>Figures,</hi> and then undone again by these <hi>Spirits?</hi> So that all <hi>matter</hi> is moving, or moved, by the movers; if so, all things have <hi>sense,</hi> because all things have of these <hi>Spirits</hi> in them; and if <hi>Sensitive spirits,</hi> why not <hi>rationall spirits?</hi> For there is as much <hi>infinite</hi> of every severall degree of <hi>matter,</hi> as if there were but one <hi>matter:</hi> for there is no <hi>quantity</hi> in <hi>infinite;</hi> for <hi>infinite</hi> is a continued thing. If so, who knowes, but <hi>Vegetables</hi> and <hi>Mineralls</hi> may have some of those <hi>ratio<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nall spirits,</hi> which is a <hi>minde</hi> or <hi>soule</hi> in them, as well as <hi>Man?</hi> Onely they want that <hi>Figure</hi> (with such kinde of <hi>motion</hi> proper thereunto) to expresse <hi>Know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge</hi> that way. For had <hi>Vegetables</hi> and <hi>Mineralls</hi> the same shape, made by such <hi>motions,</hi> as the <hi>sensitive spirits</hi> create; then there might be <hi>Wooden men,</hi> and <hi>Iron Beasts;</hi> for though <hi>marks</hi> do not come in the same way, yet the same <hi>marks</hi> may
<pb n="55" facs="tcp:115281:40"/>
come in, and be made by the same <hi>mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion;</hi> for the <hi>Spirits</hi> are so subtle, as they can passe and repasse through the solid<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>est <hi>matter.</hi> Thus there may be as many severall and various <hi>motions</hi> in <hi>Vegetables</hi> and <hi>Mineralls,</hi> as in <hi>Animals;</hi> and as many <hi>internall figures</hi> made by the <hi>ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall spirits;</hi> onely they want the <hi>Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall,</hi> to expresse it the <hi>Animall</hi> way. And if their <hi>Knowledge</hi> be not the same know<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ledge, but different from the <hi>Knowledge</hi> of <hi>Animalls,</hi> by reason of their diffe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rent <hi>Figures,</hi> made by other kinde of <hi>motion</hi> on other <hi>tempered matter,</hi> yet it is <hi>Knowledge.</hi> For shall we say, A <hi>man</hi> doth not know, because hee doth not know what another <hi>man</hi> knows, or some higher Power?</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>What an <hi>Animall</hi> is.</head>
<p>AN <hi>Animall</hi> is that which wee call <hi>Sensitive spirit;</hi> that is, a <hi>Figure</hi> that hath <hi>locall motion;</hi> that is, such a kinde of <hi>Figure</hi> with such kinde of <hi>mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions</hi> proper thereunto. But when there is a generall <hi>alteration</hi> of those <hi>motions</hi> in it, then it is no more <hi>That</hi> we call <hi>Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall;</hi>
<pb n="56" facs="tcp:115281:41"/>
because the <hi>Locall motion</hi> is alter<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ed; yet we cannot knowingly say, it is not a <hi>sensitive Creature,</hi> so long as the <hi>Figure</hi> lasts: besides when the <hi>Figure</hi> is dissolved, yet every scattered part may have <hi>sense,</hi> as long as any kinde of <hi>mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> is in it; and whatsoever hath an <hi>in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nate motion,</hi> hath <hi>sense,</hi> either increasing or decreasing <hi>motion;</hi> but the <hi>sense</hi> is as different as the <hi>motions</hi> therein, because those <hi>properties</hi> belonging to such a <hi>Fi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gure</hi> are altered by other <hi>motions.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Sense</hi> and <hi>Reason</hi> exercised in their different shapes.</head>
<lg>
<l>IF every thing hath <hi>sense</hi> and <hi>reason,</hi> then</l>
<l>There might be Beasts, and Birds, and Fish, and Men:</l>
<l>As <hi>Vegetables</hi> and <hi>Minerals,</hi> had they</l>
<l>The <hi>Animall shape</hi> to expresse that way;</l>
<l>And <hi>Vegetables</hi> &amp; <hi>Minerals</hi> may know,</l>
<l>As <hi>Man,</hi> though like to Trees and stones they grow.</l>
<l>Then Corall Trouts may through the water glide,</l>
<l>And pearled menows swim on either side;</l>
<pb n="57" facs="tcp:115281:41"/>
<l>And Mermayds, which in the Sea delight,</l>
<l>Might all be made of watry Lillies white;</l>
<l>Set on salt watry Billows as they flow,</l>
<l>Which like green banks appeare thereon to grow.</l>
<l>And <hi>Marriners</hi> ith' midst their Shipp might stand,</l>
<l>In stead of <hi>Mast,</hi> hold sayles in either hand.</l>
<l>On Mountaine tops the <hi>Golden Fleece</hi> might feed,</l>
<l>Some hundred yeares their Ewes bring forth their breed.</l>
<l>Large Deere of Oake might through the Forrest run,</l>
<l>Leaves on their heads might keepe them from the Sun;</l>
<l>In stead of shedding Hornes, their Leaves might fall,</l>
<l>And Acornes to increase a Wood of <hi>Fawnes</hi> withall.</l>
<l>Then might a <hi>Squerrill</hi> for a Nut be crackt,</l>
<l>If <hi>Nature</hi> had that <hi>Matter</hi> so compact:</l>
<l>And the small <hi>Sprouts</hi> which on the Husk do grow,</l>
<l>Might be the <hi>Taile,</hi> and make a brushing show.</l>
<pb n="58" facs="tcp:115281:42"/>
<l>Then might the <hi>Diamonds</hi> which on Rocks oft lye,</l>
<l>Be all like to some little <hi>sparkling Flye.</hi>
</l>
<l>Then might a <hi>leaden Hare,</hi> if swiftly run,</l>
<l>Melt from that <hi>shape,</hi> and so a <note n="(†)" place="margin">A Pig of Lead.</note>
<hi>Pig</hi> become.</l>
<l>And <hi>Dogs</hi> of <hi>Copper-mouths</hi> sound like a Bell;</l>
<l>So when they kill a Hare, ring out his Knell.</l>
<l>Hard <hi>Iron men</hi> shall have no cause to feare</l>
<l>To catch a fall, when they a hunting were.</l>
<l>Nor in the Wars should have no use of Armes,</l>
<l>Nor fear'd to fight; they could receive no harmes.</l>
<l>For if a Bullet on their Breasts should hit,</l>
<l>Fall on their back, but strait-waies up may get.</l>
<l>Or if a Bullet on their head do light.</l>
<l>May make them totter, but not kill them quite.</l>
<l>And <hi>Stars</hi> be like the <hi>Birds</hi> with twinck<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ling Wing,</l>
<l>When in the Aire they flye, like <hi>Larks</hi> might sing.</l>
<pb n="59" facs="tcp:115281:42"/>
<l>And as they flye, like <hi>wandring Planets</hi> shew,</l>
<l>Their <hi>tailes</hi> may like to blazing <hi>Comets</hi> grow.</l>
<l>When they on Trees do rest themselves from flight,</l>
<l>Appeare like fixed <hi>Stars</hi> in Clouds of night.</l>
<l>Thus may the <hi>Sun</hi> be like a <hi>Woman</hi> faire,</l>
<l>And the bright <hi>Beames</hi> be as her flowing <hi>Haire.</hi>
</l>
<l>And from her <hi>Eyes</hi> may cast a silver light,</l>
<l>And when she sleeps, the <hi>World</hi> be as dark night.</l>
<l>Or <hi>Women</hi> may of <hi>Alabaster</hi> be,</l>
<l>And so as smooth as polisht <hi>Ivory.</hi>
</l>
<l>Or, as cleer <hi>Christall,</hi> where <hi>heartes</hi> may be shown,</l>
<l>And all their <hi>Falsehoods</hi> to the World be known.</l>
<l>Or else be made of <hi>Rose,</hi> and <hi>Lillies</hi> white,</l>
<l>Both faire, and sweet, to give the <hi>Soule</hi> delight.</l>
<l>Or else bee made like <hi>Tulips</hi> fresh in <hi>May,</hi>
</l>
<l>By <hi>Nature</hi> drest, cloath'd severall Co<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lours gay.</l>
<pb n="60" facs="tcp:115281:43"/>
<l>Thus every yeare there may young <hi>Vir<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gins</hi> spring,</l>
<l>But wither, and decay, as soon agen.</l>
<l>While they are fresh, upon their Breast might set</l>
<l>Great swarmes of <hi>Bees,</hi> from thence sweet Honey get.</l>
<l>Or, on their Lips, for <hi>Gilly-flowers, Flies</hi>
</l>
<l>Drawing delicious <hi>sweet</hi> that therein lies.</l>
<l>Thus every <hi>Maid,</hi> like severall <hi>Flowres</hi> shew,</l>
<l>Not in their <hi>shape,</hi> but like in <hi>substance</hi> grow.</l>
<l>Then <hi>teares</hi> which from oppressed <hi>hearts</hi> do rise,</l>
<l>May gather into Clouds within the <hi>eyes:</hi>
</l>
<l>From whence those <hi>teares,</hi> like <hi>showres</hi> of <hi>Raine</hi> may flow</l>
<l>Upon the Bancks of <hi>Cheeks,</hi> where <hi>Roses</hi> grow.</l>
<l>After those <hi>showres</hi> of <hi>Raine,</hi> so sweet may smell,</l>
<l>Perfuming all the <hi>Aire,</hi> that neer them dwell.</l>
<l>But when the <hi>Sun</hi> of <hi>Joy,</hi> and <hi>Mirth</hi> doth rise,</l>
<l>Darting forth pleasing Beames from <hi>lo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ving Eyes.</hi>
</l>
<pb n="61" facs="tcp:115281:43"/>
<l>Then may the buds of <hi>Modesty</hi> un<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fold,</l>
<l>With full blown <hi>Confidence</hi> the <hi>Sun</hi> be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>hold.</l>
<l>But <hi>Griefe</hi> as <hi>frost</hi> them nips, and wither<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing dye,</l>
<l>In their owne<note n="(†)" place="margin">The Huske.</note>
<hi>Podds</hi> intombed lye.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Virgin Cherry Trees,</hi> where <hi>Blos<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>somes</hi> blow,</l>
<l>So red ripe <hi>Cherries</hi> on their <hi>Lips</hi> may grow.</l>
<l>Or <hi>Women Plumtrees</hi> at each fingers end,</l>
<l>May ripe <hi>Plummes</hi> hang, and make their Joynts to bend.</l>
<l>
<hi>Men Sicomores,</hi> which on their Breast may write</l>
<l>Their <hi>Amorous Verses,</hi> which their <hi>Thoughts</hi> indite.</l>
<l>
<hi>Mens</hi> stretched Arms may be like sprea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ding <hi>Vines,</hi>
</l>
<l>Where <hi>Grapes</hi> may grow, soe drinke of their own <hi>Wine.</hi>
</l>
<l>To plant large <hi>Orchards,</hi> need no paines nor care,</l>
<l>For every one their sweet fresh <hi>Fruit</hi> may beare.</l>
<pb n="62" facs="tcp:115281:44"/>
<l>Then silver <hi>Grasse</hi> may in the Meadowes grow,</l>
<l>Which nothing but a <hi>Sithe</hi> of fire can mow.</l>
<l>The <hi>Wïnd,</hi> which from the <hi>North</hi> a jour<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ney takes,</l>
<l>May strike those <hi>silver strings,</hi> and Mu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sick make.</l>
<l>Thus may another <hi>World,</hi> though <hi>mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> still the same,</l>
<l>By changing <hi>shapes,</hi> change <hi>humours, pro<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>perties,</hi> and <hi>Name.</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Colossus,</hi> a <hi>statue</hi> wonderous great,</l>
<l>When it did fall, might strait get on his feet.</l>
<l>Where Ships, which through his leggs did swim, he might</l>
<l>Have blow'd their Sailes, or else have drown'd them quite.</l>
<l>The <hi>Golden Calfe</hi> that <hi>Israel</hi> joy'd to see,</l>
<l>Might run away from their <hi>Idolatry.</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Basan Bul</hi> of <hi>Brasse</hi> might be, when roare,</l>
<l>His <hi>mettl'd Throat</hi> might make his <hi>voice</hi> sownd more.</l>
<l>The <hi>Hil,</hi> which <hi>Mahomet</hi> did call, might come</l>
<l>At the first word, or else away might run.</l>
<pb n="63" facs="tcp:115281:44"/>
<l>Thus <hi>Pompey's Statue</hi> might rejoyce to see,</l>
<l>When kill'd was <hi>Caesar,</hi> his great <hi>Ene<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>my.</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Wooden-horse</hi> that did great <hi>Troy</hi> betray,</l>
<l>Have told what's in him, and then run away.</l>
<l>
<hi>Achilles</hi> Armes against <hi>Ulisses</hi> plead,</l>
<l>And not let <hi>Wit</hi> against true <hi>Valour</hi> speed.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>dispersing</hi> of the <hi>Rationall Spirits.</hi>
</head>
<p>SOme think, that the <hi>Rationall Spirits</hi> flye out of <hi>Animals,</hi> (or that <hi>Ani<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mall</hi> we call <hi>Man</hi>) like a swarm of <hi>Bees,</hi> when they like not their Hives, finding some inconvenience, seek about for another Habitation: Or leave the Body, like <hi>Rats,</hi> when they finde the house rotten, and ready to fall; Or scar'd away like <hi>Birds</hi> from their Nest. But where should this Swarm, or Troop, or Flight, or Essences go, unlesse they think this <hi>thin matter</hi> is an <hi>Essence,</hi> e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vaporates to nothing?</p>
<p>
<pb n="64" facs="tcp:115281:45"/>
As I have said before, the difference of <hi>Rationall Spirits,</hi> and <hi>sensitive Spirits,</hi> is, that the <hi>sensitive Spirits</hi> make <hi>Figures</hi> out of <hi>dull Matter:</hi> The <hi>Rationall Spi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rits</hi> put themselves into <hi>Figure,</hi> placing themselves with <hi>Number,</hi> and <hi>Measure;</hi> this is the reason when <hi>Animals</hi> dye, the <hi>Externall Forme</hi> of that <hi>Animall</hi> may be perfect, and the <hi>Internall Motion</hi> of the <hi>Spirits</hi> quite alter'd; yet not absent, nor dispersd, untill the <hi>Annihilating</hi> of the <hi>Externall Figure:</hi> thus it is not the <hi>Matter</hi> that alters, but the <hi>Motion</hi> and <hi>Forme.</hi>
</p>
<p>Some <hi>Figures</hi> are stronger built then others, which makes them last longer: For <hi>some,</hi> their building is so weak, as they fall as soon as finished; like houses that are built with Stone, or Timber, al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>though it might be a Stone-house, or Timber-house, yet it may be built not of such a sort of Stone, or such a sort of Timber.</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the Senses.</head>
<p>THE <hi>Pores</hi> of the <hi>Skin</hi> receive <hi>touch,</hi> as the <hi>Eye</hi> light, the <hi>Eare</hi> sound, the
<pb n="65" facs="tcp:115281:45"/>
<hi>Nose</hi> scent, the <hi>Tongue</hi> tast. Thus the <hi>Spirits</hi> passe, and repasse by the holes, they peirce through the <hi>dull Matter,</hi> carrying their severall Burthens out, &amp; in, yet it is neither the Burthen, nor the Passage that makes the different <hi>Sense,</hi> but the different <hi>Motion;</hi>
<note n="" place="margin">
<hi>To prove that it is the several</hi> Motion, <hi>is, that wee shall have the same sense in our sleep, either to move</hi> Pleasure, <hi>or feele</hi> Paine.</note> for if the <hi>Motion</hi> that comes through the <hi>Pores</hi> of the <hi>Skin,</hi> were as the <hi>Motions</hi> that come from the <hi>Eye, Eare, Nose, Mouth,</hi> then the Body might receive <hi>Sound, Light, Scent, Tast,</hi> all over as it doth <hi>Touch.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Motion</hi> that makes <hi>Light.</hi>
</head>
<p>IF the same <hi>Motion</hi> that is made in the <hi>Head</hi> did move in the <hi>Heele,</hi> there would appeare a <hi>Light</hi> to the <hi>Sense</hi> of that part of the <hi>Figure;</hi> unlesse they will make such <hi>Matter</hi> as the <hi>Braine</hi> to be <hi>infinite,</hi> and onely in the <hi>head</hi> of an <hi>Animall.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Opticks.</head>
<p>THere may be such <hi>Motion</hi> in the <hi>Braine,</hi> as to make <hi>Light,</hi> although the <hi>Sun</hi> never came there to give the
<pb n="66" facs="tcp:115281:46"/>
first <hi>Motion:</hi> for two <hi>opposite Motions</hi> may give a <hi>Light</hi> by <hi>Reflection,</hi> unlesse the <hi>Sun,</hi> and the <hi>Eye</hi> have a particular <hi>Motion</hi> from all <hi>Eternity:</hi> As we say an <hi>Eternal Monopoler</hi> of such a kind of <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> as makes <hi>Light.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>flowing</hi> of the <hi>Spirits.</hi>
</head>
<l>THE <hi>Spirit's</hi> like to <hi>Ants,</hi> in heapes they lye,</l>
<l>The <hi>hill</hi> they make, is the round <hi>Ball,</hi> the <hi>Eye.</hi>
</l>
<l>From thence they run to fetch each <hi>Ob<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ject</hi> in,</l>
<l>The <hi>Braine</hi> receives, and stores up all they bring.</l>
<l>And in the <hi>Eares,</hi> like <hi>Hives,</hi> as <hi>Bees</hi> they swarm,</l>
<l>Buzzing, and humming, as in Summers warm.</l>
<l>And when they flye abroad, they take much paine,</l>
<l>To bring in fine <hi>Conceits</hi> into the <hi>Braine.</hi>
</l>
<l>Of which, as Wax, they make their seve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall Cells,</l>
<l>In workes of <hi>Poetry,</hi> which <hi>Wit</hi> still fills:</l>
<pb n="67" facs="tcp:115281:46"/>
<l>And on the <hi>Tongue,</hi> they sit as <hi>Flowres</hi> sweet,</l>
<l>Sucking their <hi>Honey</hi> from delicious <hi>meat.</hi>
</l>
<l>Then to the <hi>Nose,</hi> like <hi>Birds</hi> they flye, there pick</l>
<l>Up sweet <hi>Perfumes,</hi> in stead of <hi>Spices</hi> stick.</l>
<l>Of which within the <hi>Braine</hi> they build a Nest,</l>
<l>To which delight, or else to take their rest.</l>
<l>But in the <hi>Porous skin,</hi> they spread as <hi>Sheep,</hi>
</l>
<l>And feeding <hi>Cattell</hi> which in Meadowes keep.</l>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Motion,</hi> and <hi>Matter.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHY may not <hi>Vegetables</hi> have <hi>Light, Sound, Taste, Touch,</hi> as well as <hi>Animals,</hi> if the same kind of <hi>mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> moves the same kind of <hi>matter</hi> in them? For who knowes, but the <hi>Sappe</hi> in <hi>Vegetables</hi> may be of the same <hi>sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stance,</hi> and <hi>degree</hi> of the <hi>Braine:</hi> And why may not all the <hi>Senses</hi> be <hi>inherent</hi> in a <hi>Figure,</hi> if the same <hi>Motion</hi> moves the same <hi>Matter</hi> within the <hi>Figure,</hi> as such <hi>Motion</hi> without the <hi>Figure?</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="68" facs="tcp:115281:47"/>
<head>Of the <hi>Braine.</hi>
</head>
<p>THe <hi>Braine</hi> in <hi>Animals</hi> is like Clouds, which are sometimes swell'd full with <hi>Vapour,</hi> and sometimes <hi>rarified</hi> with <hi>Heat,</hi> and mov'd by the <hi>Sensitive Spirits</hi> to severall <hi>Objects,</hi> as the <hi>Cloudes</hi> are mov'd by the <hi>Wind</hi> to severall places.</p>
<p>The <hi>Winds</hi> seem to be all <hi>Spirits,</hi> be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cause they are so <hi>agile,</hi> and <hi>quick.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of <hi>Darknesse.</hi>
</head>
<p>TO prove that <hi>Darknesse</hi> hath <hi>parti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cular Motions</hi> which make it, as well as <hi>Motion</hi> makes <hi>Light,</hi> is, that when some have used to have a <hi>light</hi> by them while they sleep, will, as soon as the <hi>light</hi> goeth out, awake; for it <hi>Darknesse</hi> had no <hi>motion,</hi> it would not strike upon the <hi>Optick Nerve.</hi> But as an equall <hi>motion</hi> makes <hi>light,</hi> and a <hi>perturb'd motion</hi> makes <hi>colour,</hi> which is between <hi>Light,</hi> &amp; <hi>Dark<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nesse:</hi> So <hi>Darknesse</hi> is an <hi>Opposite Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>on</hi> to those <hi>Motions</hi> that make <hi>light;</hi> for though <hi>Light</hi> is an equall <hi>Motion,</hi> yet it is such a kind, or sort of <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<pb n="69" facs="tcp:115281:47"/>
<head>Of the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</head>
<p>WHY may not the <hi>Sun</hi> be of an higher <hi>Extract</hi> then the <hi>rationall Spirits,</hi> and be like <hi>Glasse,</hi> which is a high <hi>Extract</hi> in <hi>Chymistry,</hi> and so be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>come a<note n="(†)" place="margin">Like Glass.</note>
<hi>shining Body?</hi> If so, sure it hath a great <hi>Knowledge;</hi> for the <hi>Sun</hi> seemes to be composed of <hi>purer Spirits,</hi> without the <hi>mixture</hi> of <hi>dull Matter;</hi> for the <hi>Motion</hi> is <hi>quick,</hi> and <hi>subtle,</hi> as wee may finde by the effect of the <hi>light,</hi> and <hi>heat.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="essay">
<head>Of the <hi>Cloudes.</hi>
</head>
<p>THE <hi>Cloudes</hi> seem to be of such <hi>spun<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gy,</hi> and <hi>porous Matter,</hi> as the <hi>Raine,</hi> and <hi>Aire,</hi> like the <hi>Sensitive Spirits</hi> that form, and move it, and the <hi>Sun</hi> the <hi>Ra<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tionall Spirit</hi> to give them <hi>Knowledge:</hi> And as <hi>moist Vapours</hi> from the <hi>Stomack</hi> rise, and gathering in the <hi>Braine,</hi> flow through the <hi>Eyes;</hi> so do the <hi>Clouds</hi> send forth, as from the <hi>Braine,</hi> the <hi>Vapours</hi> which do rise in <hi>showres.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="70" facs="tcp:115281:48"/>
<head>Of the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>Planets.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Earth, Sun, Moon,</hi> the rest of <hi>Planets</hi> all</l>
<l>Are mov'd by that, we <hi>Vitall Spirits</hi> call.</l>
<l>And like to <hi>Animals,</hi> some move more slow,</l>
<l>And other some by <hi>quicker Motion</hi> go.</l>
<l>And as some <hi>Creatures</hi> by their <hi>shapes</hi> do flye,</l>
<l>Some <hi>swim,</hi> some <hi>run,</hi> some <hi>creep,</hi> some <hi>riseth high.</hi>
</l>
<l>So <hi>Planets</hi> by their <hi>shapes</hi> about do wind,</l>
<l>All being made, like <hi>Circles,</hi> round we find.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>Sea.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Sea'</hi>s more quick, then fresher Waters are,</l>
<l>The reason is, more <hi>Vitall Spirits</hi> are there.</l>
<l>And as the <hi>Planets</hi> move still round a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bout,</l>
<l>So <hi>Seas</hi> do ebb, &amp; flow, both in, &amp; out.</l>
<l>As Arrowes flye up, far as strength them lend,</l>
<l>And then for want of strength do back descend.</l>
<pb n="71" facs="tcp:115281:48"/>
<l>So do the <hi>Seas</hi> in <hi>ebbes-run</hi> back againe,</l>
<l>For want of strength, their length for to maintaine.</l>
<l>But why they ebb, and flow, at certain times,</l>
<l>Is like the <hi>Lungs</hi> that draw, and breath out wind.</l>
<l>Just so do <hi>Seas</hi> draw back, and then do flow,</l>
<l>As constant as the <hi>Lungs</hi> do to and fro:</l>
<l>Alwaies in motion, never lying still,</l>
<l>The empty place they leave, turn back to fill.</l>
</lg>
<p>We may as well inquire of <hi>Nature,</hi> why <hi>Animals</hi> breath in such a space of <hi>Time,</hi> as the <hi>Seas</hi> ebb, and flow in such a space of <hi>Time.</hi>
</p>
</div>
</div>
<div type="addendum">
<pb n="72" facs="tcp:115281:49"/>
<p>
<hi>I</hi> Could have inlarged my <hi>Booke</hi> with the <hi>Fancies</hi> of the severall <hi>Motions,</hi> which makes the several <hi>Effects</hi> of the <hi>Sun, Planets,</hi> or the <hi>Suns</hi> (I may say) as the fixed <hi>Stars:</hi> And whether they have not cast <hi>Knowledge,</hi> and <hi>understanding</hi> by their various, and quicke, and sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tle <hi>Motions;</hi> and whether they do not order and dispose other <hi>Creatures,</hi> by the power of their <hi>supreamer Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions.</hi>
</p>
<p>What <hi>Motions</hi> make <hi>Civil Wars,</hi> and whether the <hi>Aire</hi> causes it, or not? Whether the <hi>Stars,</hi> and <hi>Planets</hi> work not upon the <hi>Disposition</hi> of severall <hi>Creatures,</hi> and of severall <hi>Effects,</hi> joyning as one way?</p>
<p>What <hi>Motion</hi> makes the <hi>Aire</hi> pestilent, and how it comes to change into severall <hi>Diseases?</hi>
</p>
<p>And whether <hi>Diseases</hi> are just a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>like, and whether they differ as the <hi>Faces</hi> of <hi>Men</hi> do?</p>
<p>
<pb n="73" facs="tcp:115281:49"/>
Why some <hi>Figures</hi> are apt to some <hi>Diseases,</hi> and others not? And why some kinde of <hi>Drugs,</hi> or <hi>Cordialls,</hi> will worke on some <hi>Diseases,</hi> and not on others? And why some <hi>Drugs</hi> have strong effects upon some <hi>Humours,</hi> and not upon others?</p>
<p>And why <hi>Physicke</hi> should purge, and how some <hi>Cordials</hi> will rectifie the disorderly <hi>Motion</hi> in a distem<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>per'd <hi>Figure?</hi>
</p>
<p>Why some <hi>Ground</hi> will beare some sorts of <hi>Seeds,</hi> and not others?</p>
<p>Why same <hi>Food</hi> will nourish some <hi>Figures,</hi> and destroy others?</p>
<p>How <hi>Naturall Affection</hi> is bred in the <hi>Wombe.</hi>
</p>
<p>What makes a <hi>Naturall Aversion</hi> from some <hi>Creatures</hi> to others, and what causes an unnaturalnsse to their owne kind and Breed?</p>
<p>What <hi>Motion</hi> makes <hi>Thunder, Lightning, VVinde, Earth<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>quakes, Cold, Ice, Snow, Haile,
<pb n="74" facs="tcp:115281:50"/>
Rain,</hi> what <hi>Motions</hi> makes <hi>drought, Heat.</hi>
</p>
<p>Why the <hi>Sun</hi> should give <hi>light,</hi> and not the other <hi>Planets.</hi>
</p>
<p>What <hi>Motions</hi> make <hi>Fire, Aire, Water, Earth.</hi>
</p>
<p>What manner of <hi>Motions</hi> make <hi>Sense.</hi>
</p>
<p>Why some have <hi>Haire,</hi> some <hi>Wool,</hi> some <hi>Feathers,</hi> some <hi>Scales,</hi> and some onely <hi>Skin.</hi>
</p>
<p>And why some <hi>Vegetables</hi> beare some <hi>Leaves,</hi> some none, some <hi>Fruit,</hi> some none.</p>
<p>And what <hi>Motion</hi> makes particu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lar <hi>Taste, Scent, Colour, Touch;</hi> and why all do <hi>touch,</hi> not taste alike: and whether they be <hi>inherent,</hi> or not; and how they may be inherent in eve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ry <hi>Figure</hi> proper thereto, and yet an<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>other <hi>Figure</hi> receive them in another <hi>Sense:</hi> and how it comes, that some <hi>Figures</hi> have more of some <hi>sense,</hi> then others, and what makes the <hi>Society</hi>
<pb n="75" facs="tcp:115281:50"/>
of every kinde of <hi>Figure,</hi> and what makes the <hi>War</hi> with others, and a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mongst themselves: And how such de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>grees of <hi>Matter</hi> with such kinde of <hi>Motions,</hi> make the difference in <hi>Ve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>getables, Minerals,</hi> and <hi>Animals;</hi> And why such <hi>Shapes</hi> must of neces<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sity have such <hi>Properties,</hi> and why some <hi>Shapes</hi> have power over other <hi>Shapes;</hi> and why some <hi>Shapes</hi> have power over some <hi>Motions,</hi> and some <hi>Motions</hi> over some <hi>Shapes,</hi> and some <hi>Motions</hi> over other <hi>Motions,</hi> and what the severall <hi>effects</hi> are of severall <hi>Shapes,</hi> and severall <hi>Motions.</hi>
</p>
<p>What makes that which is fulsome, and nauceous, pleasant, and savory; whether they are inherent, or not, whe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther they are in the Contained, or the Containing; or whether a Sympathy or likenesse from both, and so of all the <hi>Senses;</hi> whether the outward <hi>Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion</hi> cause the <hi>Sense,</hi> or the inward <hi>Motion;</hi> or whether the inward
<pb n="76" facs="tcp:115281:51"/>
<hi>Motion</hi> moves to the inward <hi>Matter,</hi> or with the outward <hi>Matter,</hi> and in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ward <hi>Matter,</hi> agreeing in the like <hi>Motions.</hi>
</p>
<p>And what the reason may bee, to make some <hi>Creatures</hi> agree in some <hi>Element,</hi> and not in others: As what's the reason a <hi>Beast,</hi> or a <hi>Man,</hi> or <hi>Fowles,</hi> cannot live in the <hi>Water,</hi> or <hi>Fish</hi> live long out of the <hi>Water.</hi>
</p>
<p>And whether there may not bee a <hi>Sympathy</hi> naturally betwixt some <hi>Beasts,</hi> to other, although of a different <hi>Figure,</hi> more then to others, by some secret, and obscure <hi>Motions;</hi> and whether the severall <hi>Dispositions</hi> of <hi>Men,</hi> may not have a naturall like<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>uesse, or <hi>Sympathy</hi> to the severall dispositions, and natures of <hi>Beasts.</hi>
</p>
<p>What causes the severall sorts of <hi>Creatures</hi> to keep in particular <hi>Soci<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>eties,</hi> as in <hi>Common - Wealths, Flocks, Heards, Droves, Flights, Covies, Broods, Eyes, Swarmes,
<pb n="77" facs="tcp:115281:51"/>
Sholes,</hi> and of their particular en<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mity from some sorts to others, and their affections, love to others, their Factions, side-takings, and disagree<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ings in their owne <hi>Society,</hi> their craft and policies of selfe-love, and preser<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vation, and their tender love and as<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sistance to their Young. What makes <hi>Superstition:</hi> And many more. But <hi>Fancy,</hi> which is the effect of <hi>Motion,</hi> is as infinite as <hi>Motion;</hi> which made me despaire of a finall Conclusion of my <hi>Booke;</hi> which makes my <hi>Booke</hi> im<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>perfect, and my <hi>Fancies</hi> unsettled: But that which <hi>I</hi> have writ, will give my <hi>Readers</hi> so much <hi>Light,</hi> as to guesse what my <hi>Fancies</hi> would have beene at.</p>
</div>
<div type="dialogue">
<pb n="78" facs="tcp:115281:52"/>
<head>A <hi>Dialogue</hi> between the <hi>Body,</hi> and the <hi>Minde.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>I Write, and write, and't may be ne<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ver read;</l>
<l>My <hi>Bookes,</hi> and I, all in a <hi>Grave</hi> lye dead.</l>
<l>No <hi>Memory</hi> will build a <hi>Monument,</hi>
</l>
<l>Nor offer <hi>Praise</hi> unto the <hi>Soules content.</hi>
</l>
<l>But howsoever, <hi>Soule,</hi> lye still at rest,</l>
<l>To make thy <hi>Fame</hi> to live, have done the best.</l>
<l>For all the <hi>Wit</hi> that <hi>Nature</hi> to me gave,</l>
<l>I set it forth, for to adorne thy <hi>Grave.</hi>
</l>
<l>But if the <hi>Ruines</hi> of <hi>Oblivion</hi> come,</l>
<l>Tis not my <hi>fault,</hi> for what I can, is done.</l>
<l>For all the <hi>Life</hi> that <hi>Nature</hi> to me lends</l>
<l>About thy worke, and in thy <hi>Service</hi> spends.</l>
<l>But if thou thinkst, I take not paines, pray speake,</l>
<l>Before we part, my <hi>Body</hi> is but weak.</l>
</lg>
<pb n="79" facs="tcp:115281:52"/>
<sp>
<speaker>Soule.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>Braine</hi> thou hast done thy best, yet thou mightst go</l>
<l>To the <hi>Grave Learned,</hi> their subtle tricks to know:</l>
<l>And aske them, how such <hi>Fame</hi> they do beget,</l>
<l>When they do write, but of anothers <hi>Wit.</hi>
</l>
<l>For they have little of their owne, but what</l>
<l>They have from others <hi>Braines,</hi> and <hi>Fancies</hi> got.</l>
</lg>
</sp>
<sp>
<speaker>Body.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>O <hi>Soule!</hi> I shall not need to take such paines,</l>
<l>The labour will be more then all the gaines:</l>
<l>For why! the <hi>World</hi> doth cosen and so cheat,</l>
<l>By railing at those <hi>Authors Wits</hi> they get;</l>
<l>Muffling &amp; hiding of their <hi>Authors</hi> face,</l>
<l>By some strange <hi>Language,</hi> or by some <hi>disgrace.</hi>
</l>
<l>Their <hi>Wit</hi> into an <hi>Anagram</hi> they make,</l>
<l>That <hi>Anagram</hi> for their owne <hi>Wit</hi> they take.</l>
<pb n="80" facs="tcp:115281:53"/>
<l>And here, &amp; there they do a <hi>Fancy</hi> steale,</l>
<l>And so of <hi>Strangers</hi> make a <hi>Common<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>weale.</hi>
</l>
<l>Tell to the <hi>World</hi> they are true <hi>Natives</hi> bred,</l>
<l>When they were borne all in another Head.</l>
<l>And with <hi>translating Wit</hi> they march a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>long,</l>
<l>With <hi>understanding praise</hi> they grow so strong,</l>
<l>That they do rule, by conquering <hi>Fames</hi> great <hi>Court:</hi>
</l>
<l>From whence they send out all their <hi>false report.</hi>
</l>
<l>This is the way my <hi>Soule</hi> that they do use,</l>
<l>By different <hi>Language</hi> do the <hi>World</hi> a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>buse.</l>
<l>Therefore lye still thou troubled restless <hi>Spirit,</hi>
</l>
<l>Seek not for <hi>Fame,</hi> unlesse thou hast a <hi>Merit.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</sp>
<sp>
<speaker>Soule.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>Body,</hi> when thou art gone, then I dye too,</l>
<l>Unlesse some great <hi>Act</hi> in thy life thou do:</l>
<pb n="81" facs="tcp:115281:53"/>
<l>But prethee be not thou so wondrous nice,</l>
<l>To set my <hi>Fame</hi> at a great <hi>Merits price.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</sp>
<sp>
<speaker>Body.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>Alas, what can I do to make thee live,</l>
<l>Unlesse some wise Instructions thou canst give?</l>
<l>Can you direct me to some <hi>Noble Act,</hi>
</l>
<l>Wherein <hi>Vain-glory</hi> makes no false <hi>Com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pact?</hi>
</l>
<l>Can you direct me which way I shall take,</l>
<l>Those that are in distress, happy to make?</l>
</lg>
</sp>
<sp>
<speaker>Soule.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>No, that's unpossible, unlesse all <hi>hearts</hi>
</l>
<l>Could be divided into equall <hi>parts.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</sp>
<sp>
<speaker>Body.</speaker>
<lg>
<l>Then prethee be content, seek thou no more;</l>
<l>Tis <hi>Fortune</hi> makes the <hi>World</hi> to worship, and adore.</l>
</lg>
</sp>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="82" facs="tcp:115281:54"/>
<head>A Request to my <hi>Friends.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen I am dead, and buried lye</l>
<l>Within a <hi>Grave;</hi> if <hi>Friends</hi> passe by,</l>
<l>Let them not turn away their sight,</l>
<l>Because they would forget me quite:</l>
<l>But on my <hi>Grave a teare</hi> let fall,</l>
<l>And me unto remembrance call.</l>
<l>Then may my <hi>Ashes</hi> rise, that <hi>Teare</hi> to meet,</l>
<l>Receive it in my <hi>urne</hi> like <hi>Balsome sweet.</hi>
</l>
<l>O you that are my dearest <hi>Friends,</hi> do not,</l>
<l>When I am dead, lye in the <hi>Grave</hi> for<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>got,</l>
<l>But let me in your <hi>Mind,</hi> as one <hi>Thought</hi> be;</l>
<l>So shall I live still in your <hi>Memory.</hi>
</l>
<l>If you had dyed, my <hi>Heart</hi> still should have been</l>
<l>A <hi>Room</hi> to keep, and hang your <hi>Picture</hi> in.</l>
<pb n="83" facs="tcp:115281:54"/>
<l>My <hi>Thoughts</hi> should <hi>Copies</hi> pencill every day,</l>
<l>
<hi>Teares</hi> be the <hi>Oyle,</hi> for <hi>Colours</hi> on to lay.</l>
<l>My <hi>Lips</hi> shall mixe thy severall colour'd <hi>praise,</hi>
</l>
<l>By <hi>words</hi> compounded, various severall waies.</l>
<l>
<hi>Innocent white,</hi> and <hi>azure truth</hi> agree,</l>
<l>With <hi>modest red, Purple</hi> in grain to bee.</l>
<l>And many more, which <hi>Rhetorick</hi> still can place,</l>
<l>
<hi>Shadowes</hi> of <hi>griefe,</hi> to give a lively grace.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="elegy">
<pb n="84" facs="tcp:115281:55"/>
<head>AN ELEGY.</head>
<lg>
<l>HER <hi>Corps</hi> was borne to Church on gray <hi>Goose wing,</hi>
</l>
<l>Her <hi>Sheet</hi> was <hi>Paper white</hi> to lap her in.</l>
<l>And <hi>Cotten</hi> dyed with <hi>Inke,</hi> her covering black,</l>
<l>With Letters for her <hi>Scutcheons</hi> print in that.</l>
<l>
<hi>Fancies</hi> bound up with <hi>Verse,</hi> a <hi>Garland</hi> made,</l>
<l>And at the head, upon her <hi>Hearse</hi> was laid.</l>
<l>And <hi>Numbers</hi> ten did beare her to the <hi>Grave,</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Muses</hi> nine a <hi>Monument</hi> her gave.</l>
</lg>
<p>
<pb n="85" facs="tcp:115281:55"/>
<hi>I</hi> Heare that my <hi>First Booke</hi> was thought to be none of mine owne <hi>Fancies;</hi> onely, I owne it with my Name. If any thinke my <hi>Booke</hi> so well writ, as that I had not the <hi>Wit</hi> to do it, truely I am glad, for my <hi>Wits</hi> sake, if I have any that is thought so well of; although <hi>Mistrust</hi> lies betwixt me, and it; and if it be so little <hi>Wit</hi> in it, as they mistrust it was not mine; I am glad they thinke me to have so much, as I could not write so foolish. And truely sor any Friend of mine, as I have none so cowardly, that dare not defend their <hi>Honour,</hi> so I have none so foolish, as to be affear'd, or a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sham'd to owne their owne <hi>Writings.</hi> And truely I am so honest, as not to steale anothers <hi>Work,</hi> and give it my owne Name: nor so vaine-glorious, as to straine to build up a <hi>Fame</hi> upon the ground of another mans <hi>Wit.</hi>
</p>
<pb n="86" facs="tcp:115281:56"/>
<lg>
<l>But be it bad, or good, it is my owne,</l>
<l>Unlesse in <hi>Printing</hi> tis a <hi>Changeling</hi> grown.</l>
<l>Which sure I have no reason for to doubt,</l>
<l>It hath the same <hi>mark,</hi> when I put it out.</l>
<l>But be it faire, or brown, or black, or wilde,</l>
<l>I still must own it, 'cause it is my <hi>Childe.</hi>
</l>
<l>And should my <hi>Neighbours</hi> say, tis a dull block,</l>
<l>Tis honestly begot, of harmlesse Stock.</l>
<l>By <hi>Motion</hi> in my <hi>Braine</hi> twas form'd, and bred,</l>
<l>By my industrious <hi>Study</hi> it was fed.</l>
<l>And by my busie <hi>Pen</hi> was cloathd, though plain</l>
<l>The <hi>Garments</hi> be, yet are they without stain.</l>
<l>But be it nere so plain, not rich, and gay,</l>
<l>Phantasticall tis drest, the <hi>World</hi> will say.</l>
<l>The <hi>World</hi> thinks all is fine, that's in the <hi>Fashion,</hi>
</l>
<l>Though it be old, if fashion'd with <hi>Tran<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>slation.</hi>
</l>
<pb n="87" facs="tcp:115281:56"/>
<l>They nere consider what becomes them best,</l>
<l>But think all <hi>Fooles,</hi> that are not <hi>Courtly</hi> drest.</l>
<l>O <hi>Nature, Nature,</hi> why dost thou cre<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ate</l>
<l>So many <hi>Fooles,</hi> and so few wife didst make?</l>
<l>Good <hi>Nature,</hi> move their <hi>braine</hi> another way,</l>
<l>And then as Beasts as <hi>Beasts,</hi> perchance they may.</l>
</lg>
<pb n="88" facs="tcp:115281:57"/>
<lg>
<l>LOrd how the <hi>World</hi> delight to tell a <hi>Lye!</hi>
</l>
<l>As if they thought they sav'd a <hi>Soule</hi> thereby.</l>
<l>More lyes they tell, then they will <hi>Pray<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ers</hi> say,</l>
<l>And run about to vent them every way. Some bragging lyes, and then he tells how free</l>
<l>The <hi>Ladies</hi> were, when he's in Compa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ny.</l>
<l>Or else what such a Lord did say to him,</l>
<l>And so what answer he return'd to them.</l>
<l>Or any <hi>Action</hi> which great <hi>Fame</hi> hath won,</l>
<l>Then he saies streight, twas by his coun<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sell done.</l>
<l>When any <hi>Wit,</hi> that comes abroad in print,</l>
<l>Then he sayes strait he had a finger in't:</l>
<l>How he did rectifie, and mend the same,</l>
<l>Or else he wrote it all, or gav't a Name.</l>
<l>Thus in the <hi>World</hi> thousands of lyes are told,</l>
<l>Which none, but <hi>Fooles,</hi> their words for truth will hold.</l>
<pb n="89" facs="tcp:115281:57"/>
<l>But in the <hi>World</hi> there are more <hi>Fooles</hi> then wise,</l>
<l>Which makes them passe for <hi>Truth,</hi> when all are <hi>Lyes.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
<p>
<pb n="90" facs="tcp:115281:58"/>
<hi>J</hi> Begun a <hi>Booke</hi> about three yeares since, which I intend to name the <hi>Worlds Ollio,</hi> and when I come into <hi>Flaunders</hi> where those Papers are, I will, if <hi>God</hi> give me live, and health, finish it, and send it forth in <hi>Print.</hi> I imagine all those that have read my former <hi>Books,</hi> wil say, that I have writ enough, unless they were bet<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter: but say what you will, it pleaseth me, and since my Delights are harm<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lesse, I will satisfie my <hi>Humour.</hi>
</p>
<lg>
<l>For had my <hi>Braine</hi> as many <hi>Fan<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cies</hi> in't,</l>
<l>To fill the <hi>World,</hi> would put them all in <hi>Print.</hi>
</l>
<l>No matter whether they be well exprest,</l>
<l>My will is done, and that please <hi>Woman</hi> best.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="91" facs="tcp:115281:58"/>
<head>A Farewell to the MUSES.</head>
<lg>
<l>FArewell my <hi>Muse,</hi> thou gentle harmlesse <hi>Spirit,</hi>
</l>
<l>That us'd to haunt me in the dead of <hi>Night.</hi>
</l>
<l>And on my <hi>Pillow,</hi> where my head I laid,</l>
<l>Thou sit'st close by, and with my <hi>Fan<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cies</hi> play'd:</l>
<l>Sometimes upon my <hi>Eyes</hi> you dancing skip,</l>
<l>Making a <hi>vision</hi> of some fine <hi>Land-skip.</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus with your sportings, kept me oft awake,</l>
<l>Not with your noise, for nere a word you spake:</l>
<l>But with your Faiery dancing, circling winde,</l>
<l>Upon a <hi>hill</hi> of <hi>thoughts</hi> within my <hi>minde.</hi>
</l>
<pb n="92" facs="tcp:115281:59"/>
<l>When twas your sport to blow out eve<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ry <hi>light,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then I did rest, and sleep out all the <hi>night.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
<pb n="93" facs="tcp:115281:59"/>
<lg>
<l>GReat <hi>God,</hi> from Thee all <hi>Infinites</hi> do flow,</l>
<l>And by thy power from thence effects do grow.</l>
<l>Thou order'dst all degrees of Matter, just,</l>
<l>As tis thy will, and pleasure, move it must.</l>
<l>And by thy <hi>Knowledge</hi> orderd'st all the Best;</l>
<l>For in thy <hi>Knowledge</hi> doth thy <hi>Wisdome</hi> rest.</l>
<l>And <hi>wisdome</hi> cannot order things amisse,</l>
<l>For where <hi>disorder</hi> is, no <hi>wisdome</hi> is.</l>
<l>Besides, <hi>great God,</hi> thy wil is just, for why,</l>
<l>Thy <hi>will</hi> still on thy <hi>wisdome</hi> doth rely.</l>
<l>O pardon <hi>Lord,</hi> for what I here now speak,</l>
<l>Upon a guesse, my <hi>knowledge</hi> is but weak,</l>
<l>But thou hast made such <hi>Creatures,</hi> as <hi>Man-kind,</hi>
</l>
<l>And giv'st them something, which we call a <hi>Minde;</hi>
</l>
<l>Alwaies in <hi>Motion,</hi> never quiet lyes,</l>
<l>Untill the <hi>Figure</hi> of his <hi>body</hi> dies.</l>
<l>His severall <hi>thoughts,</hi> which severall <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tions</hi> are,</l>
<l>Do raise up <hi>love, hopes, joyes, doubts,</hi> and <hi>feare.</hi>
</l>
<pb n="94" facs="tcp:115281:60"/>
<l>As <hi>love</hi> doth raise up <hi>hope,</hi> so <hi>feare</hi> doth <hi>doubt,</hi>
</l>
<l>Which makes him seek to finde the <hi>great God</hi> out.</l>
<l>Selfe-love doth make him seek to finde, if he</l>
<l>Came from, or shaell last to eternity.</l>
<l>But <hi>Motion</hi> being slow, makes <hi>knowledge</hi> weake,</l>
<l>And then his <hi>thoughts</hi> 'gainst <hi>Ignorance</hi> doth beat.</l>
<l>As fluid waters 'gainst hard Rocks do flow,</l>
<l>Break their soft streames, and so they backward go.</l>
<l>Just so do <hi>thoughts,</hi> and then they back<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ward slide</l>
<l>Unto the place where first they did abide.</l>
<l>And there in gentle <hi>murmurs</hi> do com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>plaine,</l>
<l>That all their care, and labour is in vain.</l>
<l>But since none knowes the great <hi>Crea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tor,</hi> must</l>
<l>
<hi>Man</hi> seek no more, but in his <hi>goodnesse</hi> trust.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<trailer>FINIS.</trailer>
</body>
</text>
</TEI>