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<title>Poems, and fancies written by the Right Honourable, the Lady Margaret Newcastle.</title>
<author>Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of, 1624?-1674.</author>
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<date>1653</date>
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<title>Poems, and fancies written by the Right Honourable, the Lady Margaret Newcastle.</title>
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<div type="title_page">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:1" rendition="simple:additions"/>
<p>POEMS, AND FANCIES:</p>
<p>WRITTEN <hi>By the Right HONOURABLE, the Lady</hi> MARGARET Countess of NEWCASTLE.</p>
<p>
<hi>LONDON,</hi> Printed by <hi>T. R.</hi> for <hi>J. Martin,</hi> and <hi>J. Allestrye</hi> at the Bell in Saint <hi>Pauls</hi> Church Yard, 1653.</p>
</div>
<div type="dedication">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:2"/>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:2"/>
<head>THE EPISTLE DEDICATORY: TO SIR CHARLES CAVENDISH, MY Noble Brother-in-Law.</head>
<opener>
<salute>SIR,</salute>
</opener>
<p>I Do here dedicate this my <hi>VVork</hi> unto you, not that I think my <hi>Book</hi> is worthy such a <hi>Patron,</hi> but that such a <hi>Patron</hi> may gaine my <hi>Book</hi> a <hi>Respect,</hi> and <hi>Esteeme</hi> in the <hi>VVorld,</hi> by the <hi>favour</hi> of your <hi>Protection.</hi> True it is, <hi>Spinning</hi> with the <hi>Fingers</hi> is more proper to our <hi>Sexe,</hi> then studying or writing <hi>Poetry,</hi> which is the <hi>Spinning</hi> with the <hi>braine:</hi> but I having no skill in the <hi>Art</hi> of the <hi>first</hi> (and if I had, I had no hopes of gaining so much as to make me a Gar<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ment to keep me from the <hi>cold)</hi> made me delight in the <hi>latter;</hi> since all <hi>braines</hi> work naturally, and in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cessantly, in some kinde or other; which made me en<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>deavour to Spin a <hi>Garment</hi> of <hi>Memory,</hi> to lapp up my <hi>Name,</hi> that it might grow to after <hi>Ages: I</hi>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:3"/>
cannot say the <hi>VVeb</hi> is <hi>strong, fine,</hi> or <hi>evenly Spun,</hi> for it is a <hi>Course peice;</hi> yet I had rather my <hi>Name</hi> should go <hi>meanly clad,</hi> then <hi>dye</hi> with <hi>cold;</hi> but if the <hi>Sute</hi> be trimmed with your <hi>Favour,</hi> shee may make such a <hi>shew,</hi> and appeare so <hi>lovely,</hi> as to wed to a <hi>Vulgar Fame.</hi> But certainely your <hi>Bounty</hi> hath been the <hi>Distaffe,</hi> from whence <hi>Fate</hi> hath Spun the thread of this part of my <hi>Life,</hi> which <hi>Life I</hi> wish may be drawne forth in your <hi>Service.</hi> For your <hi>Noble minde</hi> is above petty <hi>Interest,</hi> and such a <hi>Courage,</hi> as you dare not onely look <hi>Misfor<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tunes</hi> in the <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, but grapple with them in the de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fence of <hi>your Freind;</hi> and your kindnesse hath been such, as you have neglected <hi>your selfe,</hi> even in <hi>ordinary Accoutrements,</hi> to maintaine the <hi>di<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stressed;</hi> which shewes you to have such an <hi>Affe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ction,</hi> as <hi>St. Paul</hi> expresses for his <hi>Brethren</hi> in <hi>Christ,</hi> who could be <hi>accurst</hi> for the sakes. And since your <hi>Charity</hi> is of that <hi>Length,</hi> and <hi>Gene<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rosity</hi> of that <hi>Height,</hi> that no <hi>Times,</hi> nor <hi>For<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tunes</hi> can cut <hi>shorter,</hi> or pull downe <hi>lower; I</hi> am very confident, the <hi>sweetnesse</hi> of your <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> which I have alwayes found in the <hi>delightfull con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>versation</hi> of your <hi>Company,</hi> will never <hi>change,</hi> but be so humble, as to accept of this <hi>Booke,</hi> which is the <hi>VVork</hi> of,</p>
<closer>
<signed>Your most Faithfull Servant,
M. N.</signed>
</closer>
</div>
<div type="to_the_reader">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:3"/>
<head>TO ALL NOBLE, AND WORTHY LADIES.</head>
<opener>
<salute>Noble, Worthy Ladies,</salute>
</opener>
<p>COndemne not as a <hi>dishonour</hi> of your <hi>Sex,</hi> for setting forth this <hi>Work;</hi> for it is <hi>harmelesse</hi> and <hi>free</hi> from all <hi>dishonesty;</hi> I will not say from <hi>Va<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nity:</hi> for that is so <hi>naturall</hi> to our <hi>Sex,</hi> as it were unnaturall, not to be so. Besides, <hi>Poetry,</hi> which is built upon <hi>Fancy, Women</hi> may claime, as a <hi>worke</hi> belonging most properly to themselves: for I have observ'd, that their <hi>Braines</hi> work usually in a <hi>Fantasticall motion:</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> in their <hi>severall,</hi> and <hi>various <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> in their many and sin<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gular choices of <hi>Cloaths,</hi> and <hi>Ribbons,</hi> and the like; in their <hi>curious shadowing,</hi> and <hi>mixing of Colours,</hi> in their <hi>Wrought workes,</hi> and divers sorts of <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> they imploy their <hi>Needle,</hi> and many <hi>Curious</hi> things they make, as <hi>Flowers, Boxes, Baskets</hi> with <hi>Beads, Shells, Silke, <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> or any thing else; besides all manner of <hi>Meats</hi> to <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>: and thus their <hi>Thoughts</hi> are imployed perpetually with <hi>Fancies.</hi> For <hi>Fancy</hi> goeth not so much by <hi>Rule, &amp; Method,</hi> as by <hi>Choice:</hi> and if I have chosen my <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> with <hi>fresh co<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lours,</hi> and <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> them in <hi>good shadows,</hi> although the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> be not very true, yet it will please the <hi>Eye;</hi> so if my <hi>Writing</hi> please the <hi>Readers,</hi> though not the <hi>Learned,</hi> it will satisfie me; for I had rather be praised in this, by the <hi>most,</hi> although not the <hi>best.</hi> For all I desire, is <hi>Fame,</hi> and <hi>Fame</hi> is nothing but a <hi>great noise,</hi> and <hi>noise</hi> lives most in a <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>;</hi> wherefore I wish my <hi>Book</hi> may set a worke every <hi>Tongue.</hi> But I imagine I shall be censur'd by my owne <hi>Sex;</hi> and <hi>Men</hi> will cast a <hi>smile</hi> of <hi>scorne</hi> upon my <hi>Book,</hi> because they think thereby, <hi>Women</hi> incroach too
<pb facs="tcp:50039:4"/>
much upon their <hi>Prerogatives;</hi> for they hold <hi>Books</hi> as their <hi>Crowne,</hi> and the <hi>Sword</hi> as their <hi>Scepter,</hi> by which they rule, and governe. And very like they will say to me, as to the <hi>Lady</hi> that wrote the <hi>Romancy,</hi>
</p>
<lg>
<l>Work <hi>Lady,</hi> work, let writing <hi>Books</hi> alone,</l>
<l>For surely <hi>wiser Women</hi> nere wrote one.</l>
</lg>
<p>But those that say so, shall give me leave to wish, that those of neerest Relation, as <hi>Wives, Sisters, &amp; Daugh<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ters,</hi> may imploy their time no worse then in <hi>honest, In<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nocent,</hi> and <hi>harmlesse Fancies;</hi> which if they do, <hi>Men</hi> shall have no cause to feare, that when they go abroad in their absence, they shall receive an <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> by their <hi>loose Carriages.</hi> Neither will <hi>Women</hi> be desirous to <hi>Gossip</hi> a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>broad, when their <hi>Thoughts</hi> are well imployed at home. But if they do throw scorne, I shall intreat you, (as the <hi>Woman</hi> did in the <hi>Play</hi> of the <hi>Wife,</hi> for a <hi>Month,</hi> which caused many of the <hi>Effeminate Sex</hi>) to help her, to keep their <hi>Right,</hi> and <hi>Priviledges,</hi> making it their owne <hi>Case.</hi> Therefore pray strengthen my Side, in de<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fending my <hi>Book;</hi> for I know <hi>Womens Tougns</hi> are as <hi>sharp,</hi> as two-edged <hi>Swords,</hi> and wound as much, when they are anger'd. And in this <hi>Battell</hi> may your <hi>Wit</hi> be <hi>quick,</hi> and your <hi>Speech ready,</hi> and your <hi>Arguments</hi> so <hi>strong,</hi> as to beat them out of the <hi>Feild</hi> of <hi>Dispute.</hi> So shall I get <hi>Honour,</hi> and <hi>Reputation</hi> by your <hi>Favours;</hi> other<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>wise I may chance to be cast into the <hi>Fire.</hi> But if I burn, I desire to die your <hi>Martyr;</hi> if I live, to be</p>
<closer>
<signed>
<hi>Your humble</hi> Servant,
M. N.</signed>
</closer>
</div>
<div type="letter">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:4"/>
<head>AN EPISTLE TO MISTRIS TOPPE.</head>
<p>SOME may think an <hi>Imperfection</hi> of <hi>wit</hi> may be a <hi>blemish</hi> to the <hi>Family</hi> from whence I sprung: But <hi>Solomon</hi> sayes, <hi>A wise man may get a Fool.</hi> Yet there are as few <hi>meer Fools,</hi> as <hi>wise men:</hi> for <hi>Vnderstanding</hi> runs in a <hi>levell course,</hi> that is, to know in <hi>generall,</hi> as of the <hi>Effects</hi> but to know the <hi>Cause</hi> of any one thing of <hi>Natures</hi> workes, <hi>Nature</hi> never gave us a <hi>Capacity</hi> there<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>to. Shee hath given us <hi>Thoughts</hi> which run wildly a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bout, and if by <hi>chance</hi> they light on <hi>Truth,</hi> they do not know it for a <hi>Truth.</hi> But among it many <hi>Errours,</hi> there are <hi>huge Mountaines</hi> of <hi>Follies;</hi> and though I add to the <hi>Bulke</hi> of one of them yet I make not a <hi>Mountaine</hi> alone, and am the more <hi>excusable,</hi> because I have an <hi>Opinion,</hi> which troubles me like a <hi>conscience,</hi> that <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> a part of <hi>Honour</hi> to aspire towards a <hi>Fame.</hi> For it cannot be an <hi>Ef<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>feminacy</hi> to seek, or run after <hi>Glory,</hi> to love <hi>Perfection,</hi> to desire <hi>Praise;</hi> and though I want <hi>Merit</hi> to make me worthy of <hi>it,</hi> yet I make some satisfaction in desiring it. But had I broken the <hi>Chaines</hi> of <hi>Modesty,</hi> or behav'd my selfe in <hi>dishonourable</hi> and <hi>loose carriage,</hi> or had run the <hi>wayes</hi> of <hi>Vice,</hi> as to <hi>Periure</hi> my self, or <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> my <hi>Freinds,</hi> or denyed a <hi>Truth,</hi> or had lov'd <hi>deceit:</hi> Then I might have prov'd a <hi>Greife</hi> to the <hi>Family</hi> I came from, and a <hi>dis<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>honour</hi> to the <hi>Family</hi> I am link't to, raised <hi>Blushes</hi> in their <hi>cheeks</hi> being mentioned, or to turne <hi>Pale</hi> when I were published. But I hope, I shall neither <hi>greive,</hi> nor <hi>shame</hi>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:5"/>
them, or give them cause to wish I were not a <hi>Branch</hi> thereof. For though my <hi>Ambition's</hi> great, my <hi>designes</hi> are harmelesse, and my wayes are <hi>plaine Honesty:</hi> and if I stumble at <hi>Folly,</hi> yet will I never fall on <hi>Vice.</hi> Tis true, the <hi>World</hi> may wonder at my <hi>Confidence,</hi> how I dare put out a <hi>Book,</hi> especially in these <hi>censorious times;</hi> but why should I be ashamed, or affraid, where no <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> is, and not please my selfe in the <hi>satisfaction</hi> of <hi>innocent desires?</hi> For a <hi>smile</hi> of <hi>neglect</hi> cannot dishearten me, no more can a <hi>Frowne</hi> of <hi>dislike</hi> affright me; not but I should be well pleased, and delight to have my <hi>Booke</hi> commended. But the <hi>Worlds dispraises</hi> cannot make me a <hi>mourning garment:</hi> my mind's too big, and I had rather venture an <hi>indiscre<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion,</hi> then loose the <hi>hopes</hi> of a <hi>Fame.</hi> Neither am I ashamed of my <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> for Nature tempers not every <hi>Braine</hi> a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>like; but tis a <hi>shame</hi> to deny the <hi>Principles</hi> of their <hi>Reli<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gion,</hi> to break the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> of a <hi>well-governed Kingdome,</hi> to disturbe <hi>Peace,</hi> to be unnaturall, to break the <hi>Vnion</hi> and <hi>Amity</hi> of <hi>honest Freinds,</hi> for a <hi>Man</hi> to be a <hi>Coward,</hi> for a <hi>Woman</hi> to be a <hi>Whore,</hi> and by these <hi>Actions,</hi> they are not onely to be cast out of all <hi>Civill society,</hi> but to be blot<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted out of the <hi>Roll</hi> of <hi>Mankinde.</hi> And the reason why I summon up these <hi>Vices,</hi> is, to let my <hi>Friends</hi> know, or rather to remember them, that my <hi>Book</hi> is none of them: yet in this Action of setting out of a <hi>Booke,</hi> I am not clear without <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, because I have not asked leave of any <hi>Freind</hi> thereto; for the <hi>feare</hi> of being denied, made me silent: and there is an <hi>Old saying;</hi> That it is casier to aske <hi>Pardon,</hi> then <hi>Leave:</hi> for a <hi>fault</hi> will sooner be for<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>given, then a <hi>suite</hi> granted: and as I have taken the One, so I am very confident they will give me the Other. For their <hi>Affection</hi> is such, as it doth as easily obscure all <hi>in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>firmity</hi> and <hi>blemishes,</hi> as it is <hi>fearfull</hi> and <hi>quick-sighted</hi> in spying the <hi>Vices</hi> of those they <hi>love;</hi> and they doe with as much kindnesse pardon the <hi>One,</hi> as with griefe reprove the <hi>Other.</hi> But I thought it an <hi>Honour</hi> to aime at <hi>Excel<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lencies,</hi> and though I cannot attaine thereto, yet an <hi>En<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>deavour</hi> shews a <hi>good will,</hi> and a <hi>good will</hi> ought not to be turned out of <hi>Noble mindes,</hi> nor be whipt with <hi>dispraises,</hi>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:5"/>
but to be cherished with <hi>Commendations.</hi> Besides, I Print this <hi>Book,</hi> to give an <hi>Account</hi> to my <hi>Freinds,</hi> how I spend the <hi>idle Time</hi> of my <hi>life,</hi> and how I busie my Thoughts, when I thinke upon the <hi>Obiects</hi> of the World. For the truth is, our <hi>Sex</hi> hath so much waste Time, having but little imployments, which makes our <hi>Thoughts</hi> run wild<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ly about, having nothing to fix them upon, which <hi>wilde thoughts</hi> do not onely produce unprofitable, but indis<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>creet Actions; winding up the <hi>Thread</hi> of our <hi>lives</hi> in <hi>snarles</hi> on <hi>unsound bottoms.</hi> And since all times must be spent either <hi>ill,</hi> or <hi>well,</hi> or <hi>indifferent;</hi> I thought this was the <hi>harmelessest Pastime:</hi> for lure this <hi>Worke</hi> is better then to sit still, and censure my <hi>Neighbours actions,</hi> which no<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>thing concernes <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>; or to condemne their <hi>Humours,</hi> be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cause they do <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>sympathize</hi> with <hi>mine,</hi> or their <hi>lawfull Recreations,</hi> because they are not agreeable to my <hi>delight;</hi> or ridiculously to laugh at my <hi>Neighbours Cloaths,</hi> if they are not of the <hi>Mode, Colour,</hi> or <hi>Cut,</hi> or the <hi>Ribbon</hi> tyed with a <hi>Mode Knot,</hi> or to busie my selfe out <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> the <hi>Sphear</hi> of our <hi>Sex,</hi> as in <hi>Politicks</hi> of <hi>State,</hi> or to Preach <hi>false Doctrine</hi> in a Tub, or to entertaine my selfe in <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> to <hi>vaine Flatteries,</hi> or to the <hi>incitements</hi> of evill <hi>perswasions;</hi> where all these <hi>Follies,</hi> and many more may be cut off by such innocent worke as this. I write not this onely to satisfie you, which my <hi>Love</hi> makes me desire so to doe; but to defend my <hi>Book</hi> from spightfull Invaders, knowing <hi>Truth</hi> and <hi>Innocence</hi> are two good <hi>Champions</hi> a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>gainst <hi>Malice</hi> and <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>:</hi> and which is my <hi>defence,</hi> I am very confident is a great satisfaction to you. For be<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ing bred with me, your <hi>Love</hi> is twisted to my <hi>Good,</hi> which shall never be undone by any <hi>unkinde Action</hi> of Mine, but will alwayes remaine</p>
<closer>
<signed>Your loving Freind,
M. N.</signed>
</closer>
</div>
<div type="to_the_author">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:6"/>
<opener>
<salute>Madam,</salute>
</opener>
<p>YOu are not onely the first <hi>English <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> of your <hi>Sex,</hi> but the first that ever wrote this way: there<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>fore whosoever that writes afterwards, must own you for their Pattern, from whence they take their <hi>Sample;</hi> and a <hi>Line</hi> by which they measure their <hi>Conceits</hi> and <hi>Fancies.</hi> For whatsoever is written asterwards, it will be bur a <hi>Copy</hi> of your <hi>Originall,</hi> which can be no more Ho<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>nour to them, then to <hi>Labouring Men,</hi> that draw Water from another mans <hi>Spring,</hi> for their <hi>owne</hi> use: neither can there be anything writ, that your <hi>Honour</hi> have not imployed your Pen in: As there is <hi>Poeticall Fictions, Morall instructi<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ons, Philosophicall Opinions, Dialogues, Discourses, Poeticall Romances.</hi> But truely, <hi>Madam,</hi> this <hi>Book</hi> is not the onely <hi>occasion</hi> to Admire you; for having been brought up from my <hi>Childhood</hi> in your <hi>Honourable Family,</hi> and al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>wayes in your <hi>Ladyships company;</hi> seeing the course of your life, and <hi>honouring</hi> your <hi>Ladyships disposition,</hi> I have ad<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mired <hi>Nature</hi> more, in your <hi>Ladiship,</hi> then in any other Works besides. First, in the course of your <hi>Life,</hi> you were alwayes <hi>Circumspect,</hi> by <hi>Nature,</hi> not by <hi>Art;</hi> for naturally your <hi>Honour</hi> did hate to do any thing that was <hi>mean</hi> and <hi>unwor<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>thy,</hi> or anything that your <hi>Honour</hi> might not <hi>owne</hi> to all the <hi>World</hi> with <hi>confidence;</hi> &amp; yet your <hi>Ladiship</hi> is naturally ba<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>shful, &amp; apt to be out of Countenance, that your <hi>Ladiship</hi> could not oblige all the <hi>World</hi> But truly, <hi>Madam, Fortune</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> not so much in her <hi>power</hi> to give, as your <hi>Honour</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> to bestow; which apparently shineth in all <hi>Places,</hi> especially where your <hi>Ladyship</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> been, as <hi>France, Flanders, Hol<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>land,</hi> &amp;c. to your everlasting <hi>Honour</hi> and <hi>Fame;</hi> which will manifest this <hi>Relation</hi> to be the <hi>Truth,</hi> as well as I, who am,</p>
<closer>
<salute>Madam,</salute>
<signed>Your Honours most humble and obedient Servant, E. Toppe.</signed>
</closer>
</div>
<div type="to_the_reader">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:6"/>
<head>To Naturall <hi>Philosophers.</hi>
</head>
<p>IF any <hi>Philosophers</hi> have written of these <hi>Subjects',</hi> as I make no question, or doubt, but they have, of all that <hi>Nature</hi> hath discover'd, either in meere <hi>Thought,</hi> and <hi>Spe<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>culation,</hi> or other waies in <hi>Observation;</hi> yet it is more then I know of: for I never read, nor heard of any <hi>English Booke</hi> to Instruct me: and truly I understand no other <hi>Language;</hi> not <hi>French,</hi> although I was in <hi>France</hi> five yeares: Neither do I un<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>derstand my owne <hi>Native Language</hi> very well; for there are many words, I know not what they signifie; so as I have one<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ly the <hi>Vulgar part,</hi> I meane, that which is most <hi>usually spoke.</hi> I do not meane that which is us'd to be spoke by <hi>Clownes</hi> in e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>very <hi>Shire,</hi> where in some <hi>Parts</hi> their <hi>Language</hi> is knowne to none, but those that are bred there. And not onely every <hi>Shire</hi> hath a severall <hi>Language,</hi> but every <hi>Family,</hi> giving <hi>Marks</hi> for things according to their <hi>Fancy.</hi> But my <hi>Ignorance</hi> of the <hi>Mother Tongues</hi> makes me ignorant of the <hi>Opinions,</hi> and <hi>Discourses</hi> in former times; wherefore I may be <hi>absurd,</hi> and crre <hi>grossely.</hi> I can<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>not say, I have not heard of <hi>Atomes,</hi> and <hi>Figures,</hi> and <hi>Motion,</hi> and <hi>Matter;</hi> but not throughly <hi>reason'd</hi> on: but if I do erre, it is no great matter; for my <hi>Discourse</hi> of them is not to be ac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>counted <hi>Authentick:</hi> so if there be any thing worthy of no<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ting, it is a good Chance; if not, there is no harm done, nor time lost. For I had nothing to do when I wrot it, and I sup<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>pose those have nothing, or little else to do, that read it. And the Reason why I write it in <hi>Verse,</hi> is, because I thought <hi>Er<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rours</hi> might better passe there, then in <hi>Prose;</hi> since <hi>Poets</hi> write most <hi>Fiction,</hi> and <hi>Fiction</hi> is not given for <hi>Truth,</hi> but <hi>Pastime;</hi> and I feare my <hi>Atomes</hi> will be as small <hi>Pastime,</hi> as themselves: for nothing can be lesse then an <hi>Atome.</hi> But my desire that they should please the <hi>Readers,</hi> is as big as the <hi>World</hi> they make; and my <hi>Feares</hi> are of the same <hi>bulk;</hi> yet my <hi>Hopes</hi> fall to a single <hi>Atome</hi> agen: and so shall I remaine an unsettled <hi>Atome,</hi> or a confus'd heape, till I heare my <hi>Censure.</hi> If I be prais'd, it fixes them; but if I am condemn'd, I shall be <hi>Annihilated</hi> to nothing: but my <hi>Ambition</hi> is such, as I would either be a <hi>World,</hi> or nothing.</p>
<p>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:7"/>
I desire all that are not quick in apprehending, or will not trouble themselves with such small things as <hi>Atomes,</hi> to skip this part of my <hi>Book,</hi> and view the <hi>other,</hi> for feare these may seem <hi>tedious:</hi> yet the <hi>Subject</hi> is <hi>light,</hi> and the <hi>Chapters</hi> short. Perchance the <hi>other</hi> may please better; if not the second, the third; if not the third, the fourth; if not the fourth, the sifth: and if they cannot please, for lack of <hi>Wit,</hi> they may please in <hi>Variety,</hi> for most <hi>Palates</hi> are greedy after <hi>Change.</hi> And though they are not of the choicest <hi>Meates,</hi> yet there is none <hi>dangerous;</hi> neither is there so much of particular <hi>Meat,</hi> as any can feare a <hi>Surfet;</hi> but the better pleas'd you are, the better <hi>Welcome.</hi> I wish heartily my <hi>Braine</hi> had been <hi>Richer,</hi> to make you a fine <hi>Entertainment:</hi> truly I should have spar'd no <hi>Cost,</hi> neither have I spar'd any <hi>Paines:</hi> for my <hi>Thoughts</hi> have been very busily im<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ployed, these eight, or nine <hi>Months,</hi> when they have not been taken away by <hi>Wordly Cares,</hi> and <hi>Trouble,</hi> which I confesse hath been a great <hi>hinderance</hi> to this <hi>Work.</hi> Yet have they lat up late, and risen earely, running about untill they have been in a <hi>fiery heat,</hi> so as their <hi>Service</hi> hath not been wanton, nor their <hi>In<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dustry</hi> slack. What is amisse, excuse it as a <hi>Fault</hi> of too much <hi>Care;</hi> for there may be <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> committed with being over-bu<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>sie, as soon as for want of <hi>Diligence.</hi> But those that are poore, have nothing but their labour to bestow; and though I cannot serve you on <hi>Agget Tables,</hi> and <hi>Persian Carpets,</hi> with <hi>Golden Di<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>shes,</hi> and <hi>Chrystall Glasses,</hi> nor feast you with <hi>Ambrosia,</hi> and <hi>Nectar,</hi> yet perchance my <hi>Rye Loafe,</hi> and new <hi>Butter</hi> may tast more sa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>voury, then those that are sweet, and delicious.</p>
<lg>
<l>If you dislike, and rise to go away,</l>
<l>Pray do not <hi>Scoff,</hi> and tell what I did say.</l>
<l>But if you do, the matter is not great,</l>
<l>For tis but <hi>foolish words</hi> you can repeat.</l>
</lg>
<lg>
<l>Pray do not censure all you do not know,</l>
<l>But let my <hi>Atomes</hi> to the <hi>Learned</hi> go.</l>
<l>If you <hi>judge,</hi> and <hi>understand</hi> not, you may take</l>
<l>For <hi>Non-sense</hi> that which <hi>learning Sense</hi> will make.</l>
<l>But I may say, as <hi>Some</hi> have said before,</l>
<l>I'm not bound to setch you <hi>Wit</hi> from <hi>Natures Store.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="to_the_reader">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:7"/>
<head>TO THE READER.</head>
<opener>
<salute>READER,</salute>
</opener>
<p>IF any do read this Book of mine, pray be not too severe in your <hi>Censures.</hi> For first, I have no <hi>Children</hi> to imploy my <hi>Care,</hi> and <hi>Attendance</hi> on; And my <hi>Lords Estate</hi> being taken a<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>way, had nothing for <hi>Huswifery,</hi> or thristy <hi>Industry</hi> to im<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ploy my selfe in; having no <hi>Stock</hi> to work on. For <hi>Housewife<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ry</hi> is a discreet <hi>Management,</hi> and ordering all in <hi>Private,</hi> and <hi>Household Affaires,</hi> seeing nothing <hi>spoil'd,</hi> or <hi>Prosusely spent,</hi> that every thing has its proper <hi>Place,</hi> and every <hi>Servant</hi> his proper <hi>Work,</hi> and every <hi>Work</hi> to be done in its proper <hi>Time;</hi> to be <hi>Neat,</hi> and <hi>Cleanly,</hi> to have their <hi>House</hi> quiet from all <hi>disturbing Noise.</hi> But <hi>Thriftiness</hi> is something stricter; for good <hi>Housewifery</hi> may be used in great <hi>Expenses;</hi> but <hi>Thriftiness</hi> signifies a <hi>Saving,</hi> or a get<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ting; as to increase their <hi>Stock,</hi> or <hi>Estate.</hi> For <hi>Thrift</hi> weighs, and measures out all <hi>Expence.</hi> It is just as in <hi>Poetry:</hi> for good <hi>Hus<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>bandry</hi> in <hi>Poetry,</hi> is, when there is great store of <hi>Fancy</hi> well order'd, not onely in fine <hi>Language,</hi> but proper <hi>Phrases,</hi> and significant <hi>Words.</hi> And <hi>Thrift</hi> in <hi>Poetry,</hi> is, when there is but little <hi>Fancy,</hi> which is not onely spun to the last <hi>Thread,</hi> but the <hi>Thread</hi> is drawne so <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, as it is scarce perceived. But I have nothing to spin, or or<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>der, so as I become <hi>Idle;</hi> I cannot say, in mine owne <hi>House,</hi> because I have none, but what my <hi>Mind</hi> is lodg'd in. Thirdly, you are to spare your severe <hi>Censures,</hi> I having not so many yeares of <hi>Experience,</hi> as will make me a <hi>Garland</hi> to <hi>Crowne</hi> my <hi>Head;</hi> onely I have had so much time, as to gather a little <hi>Posie</hi> to stick upon my <hi>Breast.</hi> Last<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ly, the time I have been writing them, hathnot been very long, but since I came into <hi>England,</hi> being <hi>eight Yeares</hi> out, and <hi>nine Months</hi> in; and of these <hi>nine Months,</hi> onely some <hi>Houres</hi> in the <hi>Day,</hi> or rather in the <hi>Night.</hi> For my <hi>Rest</hi> being broke with <hi>dis<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>contented Thoughts,</hi> because I was from my <hi>Lord,</hi> and <hi>Husband,</hi> knowing him to be in great <hi>Wants,</hi> and my selfe in the same <hi>Con<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dition;</hi> to divert them, I strove to turne the <hi>Stream,</hi> yet shunning
<pb facs="tcp:50039:8"/>
the <hi>muddy,</hi> and <hi>foule waies</hi> of <hi>Vice,</hi> I went to the <hi>Well of Heli<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>con,</hi> and by the <hi>Wells side,</hi> I have sat, and wrote this <hi>Worke.</hi> It is not <hi>Excellent,</hi> nor <hi>Rare,</hi> but <hi>plaine;</hi> yet it is <hi>harmlesse, modest,</hi> and <hi>honest.</hi> True, it may taxe my <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> being so <hi>fond</hi> of my <hi>Book,</hi> as to make it as if it were my <hi>Child,</hi> and striving to shew her to the <hi>World,</hi> in hopes <hi>Some</hi> may like her, although no <hi>Beauty</hi> to Admire, yet may praise her <hi>Behaviour,</hi> as not being <hi>wanton,</hi> nor <hi>rude.</hi> Wherefore I hope you will not put her out of <hi>Countenance,</hi> which she is very apt to, being of <hi>bashfull Nature,</hi> and as ready to shed <hi>Repentant Teares,</hi> if she think she hath committed a <hi>Fault:</hi> wherefore pity her <hi>Youth,</hi> and <hi>tender Growth,</hi> and rather taxe the <hi>Parents Indiscretion,</hi> then the <hi>Childs Innocency.</hi> But my <hi>Book</hi> coming out in this <hi>Iron age,</hi> I feare I shall sind hard <hi>Hearts;</hi> yet I had rather she should find <hi>Cruelty,</hi> then <hi>Scorne,</hi> and that my <hi>book</hi> should be <hi>torn,</hi> rather then <hi>laught</hi> at; for there is no such <hi>regret</hi> in <hi>Nature</hi> as <hi>Contempt:</hi> but I am resolv'd to set it at all <hi>Hazards.</hi> If <hi>Fortune</hi> plaies <hi>Aums Ace,</hi> I am gon; if size <hi>Cinque,</hi> I shall win a <hi>Reputation</hi> of <hi>Fancy,</hi> and if I loose, I loose but the <hi>Opinion of Wit:</hi> and where the <hi>Gaine</hi> will be more then the <hi>Losse,</hi> who would not <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>: when there are many in the <hi>World,</hi> (which are ac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>counted <hi>Wise)</hi> that will venture <hi>Life,</hi> and <hi>Honour,</hi> for a <hi>petty Interest,</hi> or out of <hi>Envie,</hi> or for <hi>Revenge sake.</hi> And why should not I venture, when nothing lies at <hi>Stake,</hi> but <hi>Wit?</hi> let it go; I shall nor cannot be much <hi>Poorer.</hi> If <hi>Fortune</hi> be my Friend, then <hi>Fame</hi> will be my <hi>Gaine,</hi> which may build me a <hi>Pyramid,</hi> a <hi>Praise</hi> to my <hi>Me<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>mory.</hi> I shall have no cause to seare it will be so high as <hi>Babels Tow<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>er,</hi> to fall in the <hi>mid-way;</hi> yet I am sorry it doth not touch at <hi>Hea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ven:</hi> but my <hi>Incapacity, Feare, Awe,</hi> and <hi>Reverence</hi> kept me from that <hi>Work.</hi> For it were too great a <hi>Presumption</hi> to venture to <hi>Discourse</hi> that in my <hi>Fancy,</hi> which is not <hi>describeable.</hi> For <hi>God,</hi> and his <hi>Heavenly Mansions,</hi> are to be <hi>admired, wondred,</hi> and <hi>astonished</hi> at, and not <hi>disputed</hi> on.</p>
<lg>
<l>But at all other things let <hi>Fancy</hi> fiye,</l>
<l>And, like a <hi>Towring Eagle,</hi> mount the <hi>Skie.</hi>
</l>
<l>Or lik the <hi>Sun</hi> swiftly the <hi>World</hi> to round,</l>
<l>Or like pure <hi>Gold,</hi> which in the <hi>Earth</hi> is found.</l>
<l>But if a drossie <hi>Wit,</hi> let't buried be,</l>
<l>Under the <hi>Ruines</hi> of all <hi>Memory.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb facs="tcp:50039:8"/>
<head>The <hi>Poetresses</hi> hasty Resolution.</head>
<lg>
<l>REading my Verses, I like't them so well,</l>
<l>
<hi>Selfe-love</hi> did make my <hi>Iudgement</hi> to rebell.</l>
<l>Thinking them so good, I thought more to write;</l>
<l>Considering not how others would them like.</l>
<l>I writ so fast, I thought, if I liv'd long,</l>
<l>A <hi>Pyramid</hi> of <hi>Fame</hi> to build thereon.</l>
<l>
<hi>Reason</hi> observing which way I was bent,</l>
<l>Did stay my hand, and ask't me what I meant;</l>
<l>Will you, said shee, thus waste your time in vaine,</l>
<l>On that which in the World small praise shall gaine?</l>
<l>For shame leave off, sayd shee, the <hi>Printer</hi> spare,</l>
<l>Hee'le loose by your ill <hi>Poetry,</hi> I feare</l>
<l>Besides the Worldhath already such a <hi>weight</hi>
</l>
<l>Of uselesse Bookes, as it is over fraught.</l>
<l>Then pitty take, doe the World a good turne,</l>
<l>And all you write cast in the fire, and burne.</l>
<l>Angry I was, and <hi>Reason</hi> strook away,</l>
<l>When I did he are, what shee to me did say.</l>
<l>Then all in haste I to the <hi>Presle</hi> it sent,</l>
<l>Fearing <hi>Perswasion</hi> might my <hi>Book</hi> prevent:</l>
<l>But now 'tis done, with greife repent doe I,</l>
<l>Hang down my <hi>head</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>shame, blush sigh,</hi> and <hi>cry.</hi>
</l>
<l>
<hi>Take pitty,</hi> and my drooping <hi>Spirits</hi> raise,</l>
<l>Wipe off my <hi>teares</hi> with <hi>Handkerchiefes</hi> of <hi>Praise.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Poetresses</hi> Petition.</head>
<lg>
<l>LIke to a <hi>Feavers pulse</hi> my <hi>heart</hi> doth beat,</l>
<l>For fear my <hi>Book</hi> some great repulse should meet.</l>
<l>If it be naught, let her in silence lye,</l>
<l>Disturbe her not, let her in quiet dye;</l>
<l>Let not the <hi>Bells</hi> of your <hi>dispraise</hi> ring loud,</l>
<l>But wrap her up in <hi>silence</hi> as a <hi>Shrowd;</hi>
</l>
<l>Cause <hi>black oblivion</hi> on her <hi>Hearse</hi> to hang,</l>
<l>Instead of <hi>Tapers,</hi> let darke night there stand;</l>
<l>
<pb facs="tcp:50039:9"/>
In stead of <hi>Flowers</hi> to the grave her strow</l>
<l>Before her <hi>Hearse, sleepy, dull Poppy</hi> throw;</l>
<l>In stead of <hi>Scutcheons,</hi> let my <hi>Teares</hi> be <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</l>
<l>Which <hi>greife</hi> and <hi>sorrow</hi> from my eyes out wrung:</l>
<l>Let those that beare her <hi>Corps,</hi> no <hi>lesters</hi> be,</l>
<l>But <hi>sad,</hi> and <hi>sober, grave Mortality:</hi>
</l>
<l>No <hi>Satyr Poets</hi> to her <hi>Funerall</hi> come;</l>
<l>No <hi>Altars</hi> rays'd to write <hi>Inscriptions</hi> on:</l>
<l>Let dust of all <hi>forgetfulnesse</hi> be cast</l>
<l>Upon her <hi>Corps,</hi> there let them lye and waste:</l>
<l>Nor let her rise againe; unlesse some know,</l>
<l>At <hi>Iudgements,</hi> some good <hi>Merits</hi> shee can shew;</l>
<l>Then shee shall live in <hi>Heavens</hi> of high praise;</l>
<l>And for her glory, <hi>Garlands</hi> of fresh <hi>Bayes,</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>An excuse for so much writ upon my Verses.</head>
<lg>
<l>COndemne me not for making such a coyle</l>
<l>About my <hi>Book,</hi> alas it is my <hi>Childe.</hi>
</l>
<l>Just like a <hi>Bird,</hi> when her <hi>Young</hi> are in <hi>Nest,</hi>
</l>
<l>Goes in, and out, and hops and takes no Rest;</l>
<l>But when their <hi>Young</hi> are fledg'd, their heads out peep,</l>
<l>Lord what a chirping does the <hi>Old</hi> one keep.</l>
<l>So I, for feare my <hi>Strengthlesse Childe</hi> should fall</l>
<l>Against a doore, or stoole, aloud I call,</l>
<l>Bid have a care of such a dangerous place:</l>
<l>Thus write I much, to hinder all <hi>disgrace.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
</front>
<body>
<div type="poems">
<pb n="1" facs="tcp:50039:9"/>
<head>POEMS.</head>
<div type="poem">
<head>Nature calls a Councell, which was <hi>Mo<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion, Figure, matter,</hi> and <hi>Life,</hi> to advise about making the World.</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Nature</hi> first this World she did create,</l>
<l>She cal'd a Counsell how the same might make;</l>
<l>
<hi>Motion</hi> was first, who had a subtle wit,</l>
<l>And then came <hi>Life,</hi> and <hi>Forme,</hi> and <hi>Mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter</hi> fit.</l>
<l>First <hi>Nature</hi> spake, my <hi>Friends</hi> if we agree,</l>
<l>We can, and may do a sine <hi>worke,</hi> said she,</l>
<l>Make some things to adore us, worship give,</l>
<l>Which now we only to our selves do live.</l>
<l>Besides it is my nature things to make,</l>
<l>To give out worke, and you directions take.</l>
<l>And by this worke, a pleasure take therein,</l>
<l>And breed the <hi>Fates</hi> in huswifery to spin,</l>
<l>And make strong <hi>Destiny</hi> to take some paines,</l>
<l>Least she growe idle, let her Linke some Chaines:</l>
<l>
<hi>Inconstancy,</hi> and <hi>Fortune</hi> turne a Wheele,</l>
<l>Both' are so wanton, cannot stand, but reele.</l>
<l>And <hi>Moisture</hi> let her poure out <hi>Water</hi> forth,</l>
<l>And <hi>Heat</hi> let her suck out, and raise up growth,</l>
<l>And let sharp <hi>Cold</hi> stay things that run about,</l>
<l>And <hi>Drought</hi> stop holes, to keepe the water out.</l>
<l>
<hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> and <hi>Darknesse</hi> they will domineere,</l>
<l>If <hi>Motions</hi> power make not <hi>Light</hi> appeare;</l>
<l>
<pb n="2" facs="tcp:50039:10"/>
Produce a <hi>Light,</hi> that all the World may see,</l>
<l>My only <hi>Childe</hi> from all Eternitie:</l>
<l>Beauty my Love, my Joy, and deare delight,</l>
<l>Else <hi>Darknesse</hi> rude will cover her with spight.</l>
</lg>
<lg>
<l>Alas, said <hi>Motion,</hi> all paines I can take,</l>
<l>Will do no good, <hi>Matter</hi> a <hi>Braine</hi> must make;</l>
<l>
<hi>Figure</hi> must draw a <hi>Circle,</hi> round, and small,</l>
<l>Where in the midst must stand a <hi>Glassy Ball,</hi>
<note place="margin">AN Eye.</note>
</l>
<l>Without <hi>Convexe,</hi> the inside a <hi>Concave,</hi>
</l>
<l>And in the midst a round small hole must have,</l>
<l>That <hi>Species</hi> may passe, and repasse through,</l>
<l>
<hi>Life</hi> the <hi>Prospective</hi> every thing to view.</l>
</lg>
<lg>
<l>Alas, said <hi>Life,</hi> what ever we do make,</l>
<l>
<hi>Death,</hi> my great Enemy, will from us take:</l>
<l>And who can hinder his strong, mighty power?</l>
<l>He with his cruelty doth all devoure:</l>
<l>And <hi>Time,</hi> his <hi>Agent,</hi> brings all to decay:</l>
<l>Thus neither <hi>Death,</hi> nor <hi>Time</hi> will you obey:</l>
<l>He cares for none of your commands, nor will</l>
<l>Obey your Lawes, but doth what likes him still;</l>
<l>He knowes his power far exceedeth ours;</l>
<l>For whatso'ere we make, he soone devours.</l>
<l>Let me advise you never take such paines</l>
<l>A <hi>World</hi> to make, since <hi>Death</hi> hath all the gaines.</l>
</lg>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>Figures</hi> opinion did agree with <hi>Life,</hi>
</l>
<l>For <hi>Death,</hi> said she, will fill the World with strife;</l>
<l>What <hi>Forme</hi> soever I do turne into,</l>
<l>
<hi>Death</hi> findes me out, that <hi>Forme</hi> he doth undoe.</l>
<l>Then <hi>Motion</hi> spake, none hath such cause as I,</l>
<l>For to complaine, for <hi>Death</hi> makes <hi>Motion</hi> dye.</l>
<l>'Tis best to let alone this worke, I thinke.</l>
<l>Saies <hi>Matter, Death</hi> corrupts, and makes me stinke.</l>
<l>Saies <hi>Nature,</hi> I am of another minde,</l>
<l>If we let <hi>Death</hi> alone, we soone shall finde,</l>
<l>He wars will make, and raise a mighty power,</l>
<l>If we divert him not, may us devoure.</l>
<l>He is ambitious, will in triumph sit,</l>
<l>Envies my workes, and seekes my State to get.</l>
<l>And <hi>Fates,</hi> though they upon great <hi>Life</hi> attend,</l>
<l>Yet feare they <hi>Death,</hi> and dare not him offend.</l>
<l>
<pb n="3" facs="tcp:50039:10"/>
Though <hi>Two</hi> be true, and spin as <hi>Life</hi> them bids,</l>
<l>The <hi>Third</hi> is false, and cuts short the long threads.</l>
<l>Let us agree, for feare we should do worse,</l>
<l>And make some worke, for to imply his force.</l>
<l>Then all rose up, we do submit, say, they,</l>
<l>To <hi>Natures</hi> will, in every thing obey.</l>
</lg>
<lg>
<l>First <hi>Matter</hi> she brought the <hi>Materialls</hi> in,</l>
<l>And <hi>Motion</hi> cut, and carv'd out every thing.</l>
<l>And <hi>Figure</hi> she did draw the <hi>Formes</hi> and <hi>Plots,</hi>
</l>
<l>And <hi>Life</hi> divided all out into Lots.</l>
<l>And <hi>Nature</hi> she survey'd, directed all,</l>
<l>With the foure <hi>Elements</hi> built the <hi>Worlds Ball.</hi>
</l>
<l>The solid <hi>Earth,</hi> as the Foundation lai'd,</l>
<l>The <hi>Waters</hi> round about as <hi>Walls</hi> were rais'd,</l>
<l>Where every drop lies close, like <hi>Stone,</hi> or <hi>Bricke,</hi>
</l>
<l>Whose <hi>moisture</hi> like as <hi>Morter</hi> made them sticke.</l>
<l>
<hi>Aire,</hi> as the Seeling, keeps all close within,</l>
<l>Least some <hi>Materialls</hi> out of place might spring.</l>
<l>
<hi>Aire</hi> presses downe the Seas, if they should rise,</l>
<l>Would overflow the <hi>Earth,</hi> and drowne the <hi>Skies.</hi>
</l>
<l>For as a Roofe that's laid upon a Wall,</l>
<l>To keepe it steddy, that no side might fall,</l>
<l>So <hi>Nature Aire</hi> makes that place to take,</l>
<l>And <hi>Fire</hi> highest laies, like <hi>Tyle,</hi> or <hi>Slat,</hi>
</l>
<l>To keepe out raine, or wet, else it would rot:</l>
<l>So would the World corrupt, if <hi>Fire</hi> were not.</l>
<l>The <hi>Planets,</hi> like as <hi>Weather-fans,</hi> turne round,</l>
<l>The <hi>Sun</hi> a <hi>Diall</hi> in the midst is found:</l>
<l>Where he doth give so just account of time,</l>
<l>He measures all, though round, by even Line.</l>
<l>But when the <hi>Earth</hi> was made, and seed did sow,</l>
<l>
<hi>Plants</hi> on the <hi>Earth,</hi> and <hi>Mineralls</hi> downe grow,</l>
<l>Then <hi>Creatures</hi> made, which <hi>Motion</hi> gave them sense,</l>
<l>Yet <hi>reason</hi> none, to give <hi>intelligence.</hi>
</l>
<l>But <hi>Nature</hi> found when she was <hi>Man</hi> to make,</l>
<l>More difficult then new Worlds to create:</l>
<l>For she did strive to make him long to last,</l>
<l>Into <hi>Eternity</hi> then he was cast.</l>
<l>For in no other place could keep him long,</l>
<l>But in <hi>Eternity,</hi> that Castle strong.</l>
<l>
<pb n="4" facs="tcp:50039:11"/>
There she was sure that <hi>Death</hi> she could keep out,</l>
<l>Although he is a Warriour strong, and stout.</l>
<l>
<hi>Man</hi> she would make not like to other kinde,</l>
<l>Though not in Body, like a <hi>God</hi> in minde.</l>
<l>Then she did call her Councell once againe,</l>
<l>Told them the greatest work edid yet remaine.</l>
<l>For how, said she, can we our selves new make?</l>
<l>Yet <hi>Man</hi> we must like to our selves create:</l>
<l>Or else he can never escape <hi>Deaths</hi> snare,</l>
<l>To make this worke belongs both skill, and care;</l>
<l>But I a <hi>Minde</hi> will mixe, as I thinke sit,</l>
<l>With <hi>Knowledge, Understanding,</hi> and with <hi>Wit,</hi>
</l>
<l>And, <hi>Motion,</hi> you your Serjeants must imploye:</l>
<l>Which <hi>Passions</hi> are, to waite still in the Eye,</l>
<l>To dresse, and cloath this Minde in fashions new,</l>
<l>Which none knowes better how to doe't then you.</l>
<l>What though this <hi>Body</hi> dye, this <hi>Minde</hi> shall live,</l>
<l>And a <hi>free-will</hi> we must unto it give.</l>
<l>But, <hi>Matter,</hi> you from <hi>Figure Forme</hi> must take,</l>
<l>Different from other Creatures, <hi>Man</hi> must make.</l>
<l>For he shall go upright, the rest shall not,</l>
<l>And, <hi>Motion,</hi> you in him must tye a knot</l>
<l>Of severall <hi>Motions</hi> there to meet in one:</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Man</hi> like to himselfe shall be alone.</l>
<l>You, <hi>Life,</hi> command the <hi>Fates a thread</hi> to spin,</l>
<l>From which <hi>small thread the Body</hi> shall begin.</l>
<l>And while the <hi>thread</hi> doth last, not cut in twaine,</l>
<l>The Body shall in <hi>Motion</hi> still remaine.</l>
<l>But when the <hi>thread</hi> is broke, then downe shall fall,</l>
<l>And for a time no <hi>Motion</hi> have at all.</l>
<l>But yet the <hi>Minde</hi> shall live, and never dye;</l>
<l>We'le raise the <hi>Body</hi> too for company.</l>
<l>Thus, like our selves, we can make things to live</l>
<l>Eternally, but no past times can give.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="5" facs="tcp:50039:11"/>
<head>
<hi>Deaths</hi> endeavour to hinder, and obstruct <hi>Nature.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Death</hi> did heare what <hi>Nature</hi> did intend,</l>
<l>To hinder her he all his force did bend.</l>
<l>But finding all his forces were too weake,</l>
<l>He alwaies strives the <hi>Thread</hi> of life to breake:</l>
<l>And strives to fill the <hi>Minde</hi> with black despaire,</l>
<l>Let's it not rest in peace, nor free from care;</l>
<l>And since he cannot make it dye, he will</l>
<l>Send griefe, and sorrow to torment it still.</l>
<l>With grievous paines the <hi>Body</hi> he displeases,</l>
<l>And bindes it hard with chaines of strong diseases.</l>
<l>His Servants, <hi>Sloth,</hi> and <hi>Sleep,</hi> he doth imploye,</l>
<l>To get halfe of the time before they dye:</l>
<l>But <hi>Sleep,</hi> a friend to <hi>Life,</hi> oft disobeyes</l>
<l>His Masters will, and softly downe her lay's</l>
<l>Upon their weary limbs, like <hi>Birds</hi> in nest</l>
<l>And gently locks their senses up in rest.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>A World made by <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SMall <hi>Atomes</hi> of themselves a <hi>World</hi> may make,</l>
<l>As being subtle, and of every shape:</l>
<l>And as they dance about, fit places finde,</l>
<l>Such <hi>Formes</hi> as best agree, make every kinde.</l>
<l>For when we build a house of Bricke, and Stone,</l>
<l>We lay them even, every one by one:</l>
<l>And when we finde a gap that's big, or small,</l>
<l>We seeke out Stones, to fit that place withall.</l>
<l>For when not fit, too big, or little be,</l>
<l>They fall away, and cannot stay we see.</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes,</hi> as they dance, finde places fit,</l>
<l>They there remaine, lye close, and fast will sticke.</l>
<l>Those that unfit, the rest that rove about,</l>
<l>Do never leave, untill they thrust them out.</l>
<l>Thus by their severall <hi>Motions,</hi> and their <hi>Formes,</hi>
</l>
<l>As severall work-men serve each others turnes.</l>
<l>
<pb n="6" facs="tcp:50039:12"/>
And thus, by chance, may a New <hi>World</hi> create:</l>
<l>Or else predestinated to worke my <hi>Fate.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The foure principall <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> make the foure <hi>Elements.</hi> as <hi>Square, Round, Long,</hi> and <hi>Sharpe.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Square stat Atomes,</hi> as dull <hi>Earth</hi> appeare,</l>
<l>The <hi>Atomes Round</hi> do make the <hi>Water</hi> cleere.</l>
<l>The <hi>Long streight Atomes</hi> like to Arrowes fly,</l>
<l>Mount next the points, and make the <hi>Aiery Skie;</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Sharpest Atomes</hi> do into <hi>Fire</hi> turne,</l>
<l>Which by their peircing quality they burne:</l>
<l>That <hi>Figure</hi> makes them <hi>active,</hi> active, Light;</l>
<l>Which makes them get aboue the rest in flight;</l>
<l>And by this <hi>Figure</hi> they stick fast, and draw</l>
<l>Up other <hi>Atomes</hi> which are <hi>Round</hi> and <hi>Raw:</hi>
</l>
<l>As <hi>Waters are round drops,</hi> though nere so small,</l>
<l>Which shew that <hi>water</hi> is all <hi>sphericall.</hi>
</l>
<l>That <hi>Figure</hi> makes it <hi>spungy,</hi> spungy, wet,</l>
<l>For being hollow, softnesse doth <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</l>
<l>And being soft, that makes it run about;</l>
<l>More solid <hi>Atomes</hi> thrast it in, or out;</l>
<l>But <hi>sharpest Atomes</hi> have most power thereon,</l>
<l>To nip it up with <hi>Cold,</hi> or <hi>Heate</hi> to run.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes Flat,</hi> are heavy, dull, and slow,</l>
<l>And sinking downward to the bottome go:</l>
<l>Those <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> are not active, Light,</l>
<l>Whereas the <hi>Longe</hi> are like the <hi>Sharp</hi> in flight.</l>
<l>For as the <hi>Sharpe</hi> do pierce, and get on high,</l>
<l>So do the long shoot streight, and evenly.</l>
<l>The <hi>Round</hi> are next the <hi>Flat,</hi> the <hi>Long</hi> next <hi>Round,</hi>
</l>
<l>Those which are <hi>sharp,</hi> are still the highest found:</l>
<l>The <hi>Flat</hi> turne all to <hi>Earth,</hi> which lye most low,</l>
<l>The <hi>Round,</hi> to <hi>Water</hi> cleer, which liquid flow.</l>
<l>The <hi>Long</hi> to <hi>Aire</hi> turne, from whence Clouds grow,</l>
<l>The <hi>Sharp</hi> to <hi>Fire</hi> turne, which hot doth glow.</l>
<l>These <hi>Foure Figures foure Elements</hi> do make,</l>
<l>And as their <hi>Figures</hi> do incline, they take.</l>
<l>
<pb n="7" facs="tcp:50039:12"/>
For those are perfect in themselves alone,</l>
<l>Not taking any shape, but what's their owne.</l>
<l>What <hi>Forme</hi> is else, must still take from each part,</l>
<l>Either from <hi>Round,</hi> or <hi>Long,</hi> or <hi>Square,</hi> or <hi>Sharp;</hi>
</l>
<l>As those that are like to <hi>Triangulars</hi> cut,</l>
<l>Part of three <hi>Figures</hi> in one <hi>Forme</hi> is put.</l>
<l>And those that bow and bend like to a Bow;</l>
<l>Like to the <hi>Round,</hi> and <hi>joynted Atomes</hi> shew.</l>
<l>Those that are <hi>Branch'd,</hi> or those which <hi>crooked</hi> be,</l>
<l>You may both the <hi>Long,</hi> and <hi>sharp Figures</hi> see.</l>
<l>Thus severall <hi>Figures,</hi> severall tempers make,</l>
<l>But what is mixt, doth of the <hi>Four</hi> partake.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Aiery Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Atomes long,</hi> which streaming <hi>Aire</hi> makes,</l>
<l>Are hollow, from which <hi>Forme Aire</hi> softnesse takes.</l>
<l>This makes that <hi>Aire,</hi> and <hi>water</hi> neer agree,</l>
<l>Because in hollownesse alike they be.</l>
<l>For <hi>Aiery Atomes</hi> made are like a <hi>Pipe,</hi>
</l>
<l>And <hi>watry Atomes, Round,</hi> and <hi>Cimball</hi> like.</l>
<l>Although the one is <hi>Long,</hi> the other <hi>Round;</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet in the midst, a hollownesse is found.</l>
<l>This makes us thinke, <hi>water</hi> turnes into <hi>Aire,</hi>
</l>
<l>And <hi>Aire</hi> often runs into <hi>water</hi> faire.</l>
<l>And like two <hi>Twins,</hi> mistaken they are oft;</l>
<l>Because their hollownesse makes both them soft.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Aire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE reason, why <hi>Aire</hi> doth so equall spred,</l>
<l>Is <hi>Atomes long,</hi> at each end ballanced.</l>
<l>For being <hi>long,</hi> and each end both alike,</l>
<l>Are like to <hi>Weights,</hi> which keep it steddy, right:</l>
<l>For howsoere it moves, to what <hi>Forme</hi> joyne,</l>
<l>Yet still that <hi>Figure</hi> lies in every line.</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes long,</hi> their <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> are like a <hi>Thread,</hi>
</l>
<l>Which interweaves like to a Spiders <hi>Web:</hi>
</l>
<l>And thus being thin, it so subtle growes,</l>
<l>That into every empty place it goes.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="8" facs="tcp:50039:13"/>
<head>Of <hi>Earth.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHY <hi>Earth's</hi> not apt to move, but slow and dull,</l>
<l>Is, <hi>Atomes flat</hi> no <hi>Vacuum</hi> hath' butfull.</l>
<l>That <hi>Forme</hi> admits no empty place to bide,</l>
<l>All parts are fil'd, having no hollow side.<note place="margin">As Round, and Long have.</note>
</l>
<l>And where no <hi>Vacuum</hi> is, <hi>Motion</hi> is slow,</l>
<l>Having no empty places for to go.</l>
<l>Though <hi>Atomes</hi> all are small, as small may bee,<note place="margin">As the numbers of Sharpe A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes do peirce and make way through grea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter numbers, as a Sparke of fire will kin<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>dle, and burn up a house.</note>
</l>
<l>Yet by their <hi>Formes, Motion</hi> doth disagree.</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes sharp</hi> do make themselves a <hi>Way,</hi>
</l>
<l>Cutting through other <hi>Atomes</hi> as they stray.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes flat</hi> will dull, and lazy lay,</l>
<l>Having no Edge, or point to make a <hi>Way.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The weight of <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Atomes</hi> are as small, as small can bee,</l>
<l>They must in <hi>quantity</hi> of <hi>Matter</hi> all agree:</l>
<l>And if consisting <hi>Matter</hi> of the same (be right,)</l>
<l>Then every <hi>Atome</hi> must weigh just alike.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Quantity, Quality</hi> and <hi>Weight,</hi> all</l>
<l>Together meets in every <hi>Atome</hi> small.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The bignesse of <hi>Atomes:</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>MHEN I say <hi>Atomes</hi> small, as small can bee;</l>
<l>I mean <hi>Quantity, quality,</hi> and <hi>Weight</hi> agree</l>
<l>Not in the <hi>Figure,</hi> for some may shew</l>
<l>Much bigger, and some lesser: so</l>
<l>Take <hi>Water</hi> fluid, and <hi>Ice</hi> thats firme,</l>
<l>Though the <hi>Weight</hi> be just, the <hi>Bulke</hi> is not the same.</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes</hi> are some soft, others more knit,</l>
<l>According as each <hi>Atome's Figured;</hi>
</l>
<l>
<hi>Round</hi> and <hi>Long Atomes</hi> hollow are, more slacke</l>
<l>Then <hi>Flat,</hi> or <hi>Sharpe,</hi> for they are more compact:</l>
<l>And being hollow they are spread more thin,</l>
<l>Then other <hi>Atomes</hi> which are close within:</l>
<l>And <hi>Atomes</hi> which are thin more tender far,</l>
<l>For those that are more close, they harder are.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="9" facs="tcp:50039:13"/>
<head>The joyning of severall <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> make other <hi>Figures.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SEverall <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> well agreeing,</l>
<l>When joyn'd, do give another <hi>Figure</hi> being.</l>
<l>For as those <hi>Figures</hi> joyned, severall waies,</l>
<l>The <hi>Fabrick</hi> of each severall <hi>Creature</hi> raise.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Change.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>TIS severall <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> that make <hi>Change,</hi>
</l>
<l>When severall <hi>Bodies</hi> meet as they do range.</l>
<l>For if they sympathise, and do agree,</l>
<l>They joyne <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, as one <hi>Body</hi> bee.</l>
<l>But if they joyne like to a <hi>Rabble-rout,</hi>
</l>
<l>Without all order running in and out;</l>
<l>Then <hi>disproportionable</hi> things they make,</l>
<l>Because they did not their right places take.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>All things last, or dissolve, according to the <hi>Composure</hi> of <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THose <hi>Atomes</hi> loosely joyn'd, do not remaine</l>
<l>So long as those, which <hi>Closenesse</hi> do maintaine.</l>
<l>Those make all things i'th <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> ebb, and flow;</l>
<l>According as the <hi>moving Atomes</hi> go.</l>
<l>Others in <hi>Bodies,</hi> they do joyne so close,</l>
<l>As in long time, they never stir, nor loose:</l>
<l>And some will joyne so close, and knit so fast,</l>
<l>As if unstir'd, they would for ever last.</l>
<l>In smallest <hi>Vegetables,</hi> loosest <hi>Atomes</hi> lye,</l>
<l>Which is the reason, they so quickly dye.</l>
<l>In <hi>Animals,</hi> much closer they are laid,</l>
<l>Which is the cause, <hi>Life</hi> is the longer staid.</l>
<l>Some <hi>Vegetables,</hi> and <hi>Animals</hi> do joyne</l>
<l>In equall strength, if <hi>Atomes</hi> so combine.</l>
<l>But <hi>Animals,</hi> where <hi>Atomes</hi> close lay in,</l>
<l>Are stronger, then some <hi>Vegetables</hi> thin.</l>
<l>But in <hi>Vegetables,</hi> where <hi>Atomes</hi> do stick fast,</l>
<l>
<pb n="10" facs="tcp:50039:14"/>
As in strong <hi>Trees,</hi> the longer they do last.</l>
<l>In <hi>Minerals,</hi> they are so hard wedg'd in,</l>
<l>No space they leave for <hi>Motion</hi> to get in:</l>
<l>Being <hi>Pointed</hi> all, the closer they do lye,</l>
<l>Which make them not like <hi>Vegetables</hi> dye.</l>
<l>Those <hi>Bodies,</hi> where <hi>loose Atomes</hi> most move in,</l>
<l>Are <hi>Soft,</hi> and <hi>Porous,</hi> and many times thin.</l>
<l>Those <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> Bodies</hi> never do live long,</l>
<l>For why, <hi>loose Atomes</hi> never can be strong.</l>
<l>There <hi>Motion</hi> having power, tosses them about,</l>
<l>Keeps them from their right places, so <hi>Life</hi> goes out.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of Loose <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN every <hi>Braine loose Atomes</hi> there do lye,</l>
<l>Those which are <hi>Sharpe,</hi> from them do <hi>Fancies</hi> flye.</l>
<l>Those that are <hi>long,</hi> and <hi>Aiery,</hi> nimble be.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes Round,</hi> and <hi>Square,</hi> are dull, and sleepie.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Change</hi> is made by several-figur'd <hi>Atomes,</hi> and <hi>Motion.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Atomes</hi> all are of the selfe same <hi>Matter;</hi>
</l>
<l>As <hi>Fire, Aire, Earth,</hi> and <hi>Water:</hi>
</l>
<l>Then must their severall <hi>Figures</hi> make all <hi>Change</hi>
</l>
<l>By <hi>Motions</hi> helpe, which orders, as they range.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Sharpe Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THen <hi>Atomes Sharpe Motion</hi> doth mount up high;</l>
<l>Like Arrowes sharpe, <hi>Motion</hi> doth make them flye.</l>
<l>And being <hi>sharpe</hi> and <hi>swift,</hi> they peirce so deep,</l>
<l>As they passe through all <hi>Atomes,</hi> as they meet:</l>
<l>By their swift motion, they to bright <hi>Fire</hi> turne;</l>
<l>And being <hi>Sharpe,</hi> they peirce, which we call <hi>Burne.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="11" facs="tcp:50039:14"/>
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Flame.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THose <hi>Atomes,</hi> which are <hi>Long,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>These</hi> A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes <hi>are <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> Atomes, <hi>and half</hi> Fiery.</note>
<hi>sharp</hi> at each end,</l>
<l>Stream forth like <hi>Aire,</hi> in <hi>Flame,</hi> which <hi>Light</hi> doth seem:</l>
<l>For <hi>Flame</hi> doth flow, as if it fluid were,</l>
<l>Which shewes, part of that <hi>Figure</hi> is like <hi>Aire.</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Flame</hi> is joyn'd, two <hi>Figures</hi> into one:</l>
<l>But <hi>Fire</hi> without <hi>Flame,</hi> is <hi>sharpe</hi> alone.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Fire</hi> and <hi>Flame.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>ALthough we at a distance stand; if great</l>
<l>The <hi>Fire</hi> be, the <hi>Body</hi> through will heat.</l>
<l>Yet those <hi>sharpe Atomes</hi> we do not perceive;</l>
<l>How they flye out, nor how to us <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> cleave.</l>
<l>Nor do they flame, nor shine they cleare and bright,</l>
<l>When they <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> out, and on our Bodies strike.</l>
<l>The reason is, they loose, and scattered flye;</l>
<l>And not in <hi>Troupes,</hi> nor do they on <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</l>
<l>Like small dust <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, which scatter'd all about;</l>
<l>We see it not, nor doth it keep <hi>Light</hi> out:</l>
<l>When gathered thick up to a Mountaine high,</l>
<l>We see them then in solid <hi>Earth</hi> to lye.</l>
<l>Just so do <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> looke, cleere, and bright,</l>
<l>When in heaps lye, or in a streaming flight.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Fire</hi> in the <hi>Flint.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE reason, <hi>Fire</hi> lies in <hi>Flint</hi> unseene;</l>
<l>Is, other <hi>Figur'd Atomes</hi> lye betweene:</l>
<l>For being bound, and overpowred by</l>
<l>A <hi>Multitude,</hi> they do in Prison lye.</l>
<l>Unlesse that <hi>Motion</hi> doth release them out,</l>
<l>With as strong power, which make them flye about</l>
<l>But if that <hi>Flint</hi> be beat to powder small;</l>
<l>To sep'rate the <hi>grossest,</hi> releas'd are all.</l>
<l>But when they once are out, do not returne,</l>
<l>But seeke about to make another <hi>Forme.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="12" facs="tcp:50039:15"/>
<head>Of the <hi>Sympathy</hi> of <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>BY <hi>Sympathy, Atomes</hi> are fixed so,</l>
<l>As past some <hi>Principles</hi> they do not go.</l>
<l>For count the <hi>Principles</hi> of all their workes,</l>
<l>You'le finde, there are not many severall sorts.</l>
<l>For when they do dissolve, and new <hi>Formes</hi> make,</l>
<l>They still to their first <hi>Principles</hi> do take.</l>
<l>As <hi>Animals, Vegetables, Minerals;</hi>
</l>
<l>So <hi>Aire, Fire, Earth, Water</hi> falls.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Sympathy</hi> of their <hi>Figures.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SUch <hi>Sympathy</hi> there is in every <hi>Figure,</hi>
<note place="margin">Long, Round, Sharpe, Flat.</note>
</l>
<l>That every severall sort do flock together.</l>
<l>As <hi>Aire, Water, Earth</hi> and <hi>Fine;</hi>
</l>
<l>Which make each <hi>Element</hi> to be entire:</l>
<l>Not but <hi>loose <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> like <hi>Sheep</hi> stray about,</l>
<l>And int o severall places go in, andout:</l>
<l>And some as <hi>Sheep</hi> and <hi>Kine</hi> do mixe together;</l>
<l>Which when they mixe, tis severall change of weather.</l>
<l>But <hi>Motion,</hi> as their <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> drives them so,</l>
<l>As not to let them out of order go.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Vegetables, Mine<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rals,</hi> and <hi>Animals.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Eranched Atomes Formes</hi> each <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> thing,</l>
<l>The hooked points pull out, and m akes them spring,</l>
<l>The <hi>Atomes Round</hi> give Juice, the <hi>Sharpe</hi> give heate;</l>
<l>And those grow <hi>Hearbs,</hi> and <hi>Fruits,</hi> and <hi>Flowers</hi> sweet.</l>
<l>Those that are <hi>Square,</hi> and <hi>Flat,</hi> not rough withall,</l>
<l>Make those which <hi>Stone;</hi> and <hi>Minerals</hi> we call.</l>
<l>But in all <hi>Stones,</hi> and <hi>Minerals</hi> (no doubt,)</l>
<l>
<hi>Sharpe</hi> points do lye, which <hi>Fire</hi> makes strike out.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Vegetables, Minerals</hi> do grow,</l>
<l>According as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> go.</l>
<l>In <hi>Animals,</hi> all <hi>Figures</hi> do agree;</l>
<l>But in <hi>Mankinde,</hi> the best of <hi>Atomes</hi> bee.</l>
<l>
<pb n="13" facs="tcp:50039:15"/>
And thus, in <hi>Nature</hi> the whole World may be,</l>
<l>For all we know, unto Eternitie.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Heate</hi> and <hi>Cold.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SSuch kinde of <hi>Atomes,</hi> which make <hi>Heat,</hi> make <hi>Cold:</hi>
</l>
<l>Like Pincers sharpe, which nip, and do take hold.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes</hi> that are pointed <hi>sharpe,</hi> peirce through:</l>
<l>And <hi>Atomes</hi> which are <hi>sharpe,</hi> but <hi>Hookt,</hi> pull to.</l>
<l>Yet, all must into pointed <hi>Figures</hi> turne;</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes blunt</hi> will never freeze, nor burne.</l>
<l>Cause <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> Figures</hi> do to a soft <hi>Forme</hi> bend;</l>
<l>And <hi>Soft</hi> do unto <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> or <hi>Liquid</hi> tend.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Fire</hi> to burne, and what <hi>Flame.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHat makes a <hi>Sparks</hi> of <hi>Fire</hi> to burne more quick,</l>
<l>Then a great <hi>Flame?</hi> because 'tis small to stick.</l>
<l>For <hi>Fire</hi> of it selfe, it is so dry,</l>
<l>Falls into parts, as crowds of <hi>Atomes</hi> lye.</l>
<l>The <hi>Sharpest Atomes</hi> keepe the Body hot,</l>
<l>To give out <hi>Heat,</hi> some <hi>Atomes</hi> forth are shot.</l>
<l>Sometimes for anger, the <hi>Sparkes</hi> do flye about;</l>
<l>Or want of roome, the weakest are thrust out.</l>
<l>They are so sharpe, that whatsoere they meet,</l>
<l>If not orepowr'd, by other <hi>Atomes,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>This is, when some</hi> Atomes <hi>overpower o<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>thers by their</hi> Numbers, <hi>for they cannot change their</hi> Formes.</note> eate:</l>
<l>As <hi>Ants,</hi> which small, will eate up a dead Horse:</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> on <hi>Bodies</hi> of lesse force.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> yet sharper by degrees;</l>
<l>As Stings in <hi>Flies,</hi> are not so sharpe as <hi>Bees.</hi>
</l>
<l>And when they meet a <hi>Body, solid, stat,</hi>
</l>
<l>The weakest Flye, the <hi>Sharpest</hi> worke on that.</l>
<l>Those that are not so <hi>sharpe,</hi> do flye about,</l>
<l>To seeke some lighter matter, to eate out.</l>
<l>So lighter <hi>Atomes</hi> do turne <hi>Aire</hi> to <hi>Flame,</hi>
</l>
<l>Because more <hi>Thin,</hi> and <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> is the same</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Flame</hi> is not so hot as <hi>Burning Coale;</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Atomes</hi> are too weake, to take fast hold.</l>
<l>The <hi>sharpest</hi> into firmest <hi>Bodies</hi> flye,</l>
<l>But if their strength be small, they quickly dye.</l>
<l>
<pb n="14" facs="tcp:50039:16"/>
Or if their <hi>Number</hi> be not great, but small;</l>
<l>The <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> Atomes</hi> beate and quench out all.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make the <hi>Sun,</hi> and the <hi>Sea,</hi> go round.</head>
<lg>
<l>ALL pointed <hi>Atomes,</hi> they to <hi>Fire</hi> turne;</l>
<l>Which by their drinesse, they so light become:</l>
<l>Above the rest do flye, and make a <hi>Sun.</hi>
</l>
<l>Which by consent of parts, a <hi>Wheele of Fire</hi> growes,</l>
<l>Which being <hi>Sphaericall,</hi> in a round motion goes:</l>
<l>And as it turnes round, <hi>Atomes</hi> turne about; </l>
<l>Which <hi>Atomes round,</hi> are <hi>Water,</hi> without doubt.</l>
<l>This makes the <hi>Sea</hi> go round, like <hi>Water-Mill;</hi>
</l>
<l>For as the <hi>Sun</hi> turnes round, so doth the <hi>water</hi> still.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Life.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>ALL pointed <hi>Atomes</hi> to <hi>Life</hi> do tend,</l>
<l>Whether pointed <hi>all,</hi> or at one <hi>end.</hi>
</l>
<l>Or whether <hi>Round,</hi> are set like to a <hi>Ring;</hi>
</l>
<l>Or whether <hi>Long,</hi> are roul'd as on a <hi>String.</hi>
</l>
<l>Those which are <hi>pointed,</hi> streight, quick <hi>Motion</hi> give;</l>
<l>But those that bowe and bend, more dull do live.</l>
<l>For <hi>Life</hi> lives dull, or merrilie,</l>
<l>According as <hi>Sharpe Atomes</hi> be.</l>
<l>The <hi>Cause</hi> why things do live and dye,</l>
<l>Is, as the mixed <hi>Atomes</hi> lye.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make <hi>Death.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>LIfe is a <hi>Fire,</hi> and burnes full hot,</l>
<l>But when <hi>Round watry Atomes</hi> power have got:</l>
<l>Then do they quench <hi>Lifes Atomes</hi> out,</l>
<l>Blunting their <hi>Points,</hi> and kill their courage stout.</l>
<l>Thus they sometimes do quite thrust out each other,<note place="margin">Over power'd.</note>
</l>
<l>When equall mix'd, live quietly together.</l>
<l>The <hi>cause</hi> why things do <hi>live</hi> and <hi>dye,</hi>
</l>
<l>Is as the <hi>mixed Atomes</hi> lye.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="15" facs="tcp:50039:16"/>
<lg>
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> cause <hi>Sicknesse.</hi>
</head>
<l>WHen sicke the <hi>Body</hi> is, and well by fits,</l>
<l>
<hi>Atomes</hi> are fighting, but none <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> better gets.</l>
<l>If they agree, then <hi>Health</hi> returnes againe,</l>
<l>And so shall live as long as <hi>Peace</hi> remaine</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make a <hi>Dropsie.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Atomes round</hi> do meet, joyne in one <hi>Ball,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then they swell high, and grow <hi>Hydropicall.</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus joyning they 'come strong, so powerfull grow,</l>
<l>All other <hi>Atomes</hi> they do overflow.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make a <hi>Consumption.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> when they together meet,</l>
<l>They grow so hot, all other <hi>Atomes</hi> beate.</l>
<l>And being hot, becomes so very dry,</l>
<l>They drinke <hi>Lifes moisture</hi> up, make <hi>motion</hi> dye.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make the <hi>wind Collick.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>LOng aiery Atomes,</hi> when they are combin'd,</l>
<l>Do spread themselves abroad, and so make <hi>Wind:</hi>
</l>
<l>Making a <hi>Length</hi> and <hi>Breadth</hi> extend so far,</l>
<l>That all the rest can neither go nor stir.</l>
<l>And being forc'd, not in right places lye;</l>
<l>Thus press'd too hard, <hi>Man</hi> in great paine doth lye.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> make a <hi>Palsey,</hi> or <hi>Apoplexy.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>DUll <hi>Atomes flat,</hi> when they together joyne,</l>
<l>And with each other in a heape combine;</l>
<l>This <hi>Body thicke</hi> doth stop all passage so,</l>
<l>Keeps <hi>Motion</hi> out, so num'd the <hi>Body</hi> grow.</l>
<l>
<hi>Atomes</hi> that are sharpe, in which <hi>Heate</hi> doth live,</l>
<l>Being smothered close, no heate can give:</l>
<l>But if those <hi>Atomes flat</hi> meet in the <hi>Braine,</hi>
</l>
<l>They choake the <hi>Spirits,</hi> can no hea te obtaine.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="16" facs="tcp:50039:17"/>
<head>In all other <hi>Diseases</hi> they are mixed, taking <hi>parts,</hi> and <hi>factions.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>BUT in all other <hi>Diseases</hi> they are mix'd,</l>
<l>And not in one consisting <hi>Body</hi> fix'd.</l>
<l>But do in <hi>factions</hi> part, then up do rise;</l>
<l>Striving to beate each other out, <hi>Man</hi> dies.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>All things are govern'd by <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THus <hi>Life</hi> and <hi>Death,</hi> and <hi>young</hi> and <hi>old,</hi>
</l>
<l>Are, as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> hold.</l>
<l>So <hi>Wit,</hi> and <hi>Vnderstanding</hi> in the <hi>Braine,</hi>
</l>
<l>Are as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> reigne:</l>
<l>And <hi>Dispositions</hi> good, or ill,</l>
<l>Are as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> still.</l>
<l>And every <hi>Passion</hi> which doth rise,</l>
<l>Is as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> lies.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Sicknesse, Health,</hi> and <hi>Peace,</hi> and <hi>War;</hi>
</l>
<l>Are alwaies as the severall <hi>Atomes</hi> are.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>A <hi>warr</hi> with <hi>Atomes:</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SOme factious <hi>Atomes</hi> will agree, combine,</l>
<l>They strive some <hi>form'd Body</hi> to unjoyne.</l>
<l>The <hi>Round</hi> beate out the <hi>Sharpe:</hi> the <hi>Long</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Flat</hi> do fight withall, thus all go wrong.</l>
<l>Those which make <hi>Motion Generall</hi> in their war,</l>
<l>By his direction they much stronger are.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Atomes</hi> and <hi>Motion</hi> fall out.</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Motion,</hi> and all <hi>Atomes</hi> disagree,</l>
<l>
<hi>Thunder</hi> in Skies, and sicknesse in <hi>Men</hi> bee.</l>
<l>
<hi>Earthquakes,</hi> and <hi>Windes</hi> which make disorder great,</l>
<l>Tis when that <hi>Motion</hi> all the <hi>Atomes</hi> beate.</l>
<l>In this confusion a horrid noise they make,</l>
<l>For <hi>Motion</hi> will not let them their right places take.</l>
<l>Like frighted <hi>Flocks</hi> of <hi>Sheepe</hi> together run,</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Motion</hi> like a <hi>Wolfe</hi> doth worry them.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="17" facs="tcp:50039:17"/>
<head>The agreement of some kinde of <hi>Motion,</hi> with some kinde of <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SOme <hi>Motion</hi> with some <hi>Atomes</hi> well agree;</l>
<l>Fits them to <hi>places right,</hi> as just may bee.</l>
<l>By <hi>Motions</hi> helpe, they so strong joyne each to,</l>
<l>That hardly <hi>Motion</hi> shall againe undo.</l>
<l>
<hi>Motions</hi> inconstancy oft gives such power</l>
<l>To <hi>Atomes,</hi> as they can <hi>Motion</hi> devoure.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Motion</hi> directs, while <hi>Atomes</hi> dance.</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>ATomes</hi> will dance, and measures keep just time;</l>
<l>And one by one will hold round circle line,</l>
<l>Run in and out, as we do dance the <hi>Hay;</hi>
</l>
<l>Crossing about, yet keepe just time and way:</l>
<l>While <hi>Motion,</hi> as <hi>Musicke</hi> directs the <hi>Time:</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus by consent, they altogether joyne.</l>
<l>This <hi>Harmony</hi> is <hi>Health,</hi> makes <hi>Life</hi> live long;</l>
<l>But when they're out, 'tis <hi>death,</hi> so dancing's done.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The difference of <hi>Atomes</hi> and <hi>Motion,</hi> in <hi>youth</hi> and <hi>age.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN all things which are <hi>young, Motion</hi> is swift:</l>
<l>But moving long, is tir'd, and groweth stiff.</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes</hi> are, in <hi>youth,</hi> more nimble, strong,</l>
<l>Then in <hi>old Age,</hi> but apt more to go wrong.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Youth</hi> by false <hi>Notes</hi> and wrong <hi>Steps</hi> doth dye,</l>
<l>In <hi>Age Atomes,</hi> and <hi>Motion,</hi> weary downe do lye.</l>
<l>
<hi>Motions Ease</hi> is <hi>Change,</hi> weary soone doth grow,</l>
<l>If in one <hi>Figure</hi> she doth often go.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Motion</hi> makes <hi>Atomes</hi> a <hi>Bawd</hi> for <hi>Figure.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>DID not wild <hi>Motion</hi> with his subtle wit,</l>
<l>Make <hi>Atomes</hi> as his <hi>Bawd,</hi> new <hi>Formes</hi> to get.</l>
<l>They still would constant be in one <hi>Figure,</hi>
</l>
<l>And as they place themselves, would last for ever.</l>
<l>
<pb n="20" facs="tcp:50039:18"/>
But <hi>Motion</hi> she perswades new <hi>Formes</hi> to make,</l>
<l>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>Motion</hi> doth in <hi>Change</hi> great pleasure take.</l>
<l>And makes all <hi>Atomes</hi> run from place to place;</l>
<l>That <hi>Figures young</hi> he might have to imbrace.</l>
<l>For some short time, she will make much of <hi>one,</hi>
</l>
<l>But afterwards away from <hi>them</hi> will run.</l>
<l>And thus are most things in the World undone,</l>
<l>And by her <hi>Change,</hi> do <hi>young ones</hi> take <hi>old's</hi> roome.</l>
<l>But 'tis butt like unto a <hi>Batch</hi> of <hi>Bread,</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Floure</hi> is the same of such a <hi>Seed.</hi>
</l>
<l>But <hi>Motion she</hi> a <hi>Figure</hi> new mould, bak'd,</l>
<l>Because that <hi>She</hi> might have a new hot <hi>Cake.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Motion <hi>and</hi> Figure.</head>
<lg>
<l>A <hi>Figure Sphoeericall,</hi> the <hi>Motion's</hi> so,</l>
<l>
<hi>Streight Figures</hi> in a darting <hi>Motion</hi> go:</l>
<l>As severall <hi>Figures</hi> in small <hi>Atomes</hi> bee,</l>
<l>So severall <hi>Motions</hi> are, if we could see.</l>
<l>If <hi>Atomes</hi> joyne, meet in another <hi>Forme,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then <hi>Motion</hi> alters as the <hi>Figures</hi> turne.</l>
<l>For if the <hi>Bodies weighty</hi> are, and <hi>great,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then <hi>Motion's</hi> slow, and goes upon lesse feet.</l>
<l>Out of a <hi>Shuttle-cocke</hi> a feather pull,</l>
<l>And flying strike it, as when it was full;</l>
<l>The <hi>Motion</hi> alters which belongs to that,</l>
<l>Although the <hi>Motion</hi> of the hand do not.</l>
<l>Yet <hi>Motion, Matter,</hi> can new <hi>Figures</hi> find,</l>
<l>And the <hi>Substantiall Figures</hi> turne and wind.</l>
<l>Thus severall <hi>Figures,</hi> severall <hi>Motions</hi> take,</l>
<l>And severall <hi>Motions,</hi> severall <hi>Figures</hi> make.</l>
<l>But <hi>Figure, Matter, Motion,</hi> all is one,</l>
<l>Can never separate, nor be alone.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Subtlety</hi> of <hi>Motion.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>COuld we the severall <hi>Motions</hi> of <hi>Life</hi> know,</l>
<l>The Subtle windings, and the waies they go:</l>
<l>We should adore <hi>God</hi> more, and not dispute,</l>
<l>How they are done, but that great <hi>God</hi> can doe't.</l>
<l>
<pb n="19" facs="tcp:50039:18"/>
But we with <hi>Ignorance</hi> about do run,</l>
<l>To know the <hi>Ends,</hi> and how they first begun.</l>
<l>Spending that <hi>Life,</hi> which <hi>Natures</hi> God did give</l>
<l>Us to adore him, and his wonders with,</l>
<l>With fruitlesse, vaine, impossible pursuites,</l>
<l>In <hi>Schooles, Lectures,</hi> and quarrelling <hi>Disputes.</hi>
</l>
<l>But never give him thanks that did us make,</l>
<l>Proudly, as petty <hi>Gods,</hi> ourselves do take.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Motion</hi> is the <hi>Life</hi> of all things.</head>
<lg>
<l>AS <hi>Darknesse</hi> a <hi>privation</hi> is <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>Light;</hi>
</l>
<l>That's when the <hi>Opticke Nerve</hi> is stopt from <hi>Light:</hi>
</l>
<l>So <hi>Death</hi> is even a <hi>cessation</hi> in</l>
<l>Those <hi>Formes,</hi> and <hi>Bodies,</hi> wherein <hi>Motions</hi> spin.</l>
<l>As <hi>Light</hi> can only shine but in the <hi>Eye,</hi>
</l>
<l>So <hi>Life</hi> doth only in a <hi>Motion</hi> lye.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Life</hi> is out, when <hi>Motion</hi> leaves to bee,</l>
<l>Like to an <hi>Eye</hi> that's shut, no <hi>Light</hi> can see.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Vacuum.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SOme thinke the <hi>World</hi> would fall, and not hang so,</l>
<l>If it had any empty place to go.</l>
<l>One cannot thinke that <hi>Vacuum</hi> is so vast,</l>
<l>That the great <hi>World</hi> might in that <hi>Gulfe</hi> be cast.</l>
<l>But <hi>Vacuum</hi> like is to the <hi>Porous</hi> Skyn,</l>
<l>Where <hi>Vapour</hi> * <note place="margin">
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>do so.</hi>
</note> goeth out, and Aire takes in:</l>
<l>And though that <hi>Vapour</hi> fills those places small,</l>
<l>We cannot thinke, but first were empty all:</l>
<l>For were they all first full, they could not make</l>
<l>Roome for succession, their places for to take.</l>
<l>But as those <hi>Atomes</hi> passe, and repasse through,</l>
<l>Yet still in empty places must they go.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Motion</hi> of the <hi>Sea.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF that the <hi>Sea</hi> the <hi>Earth</hi> doth run about,</l>
<l>It leaves a <hi>Space,</hi> where first the <hi>Tide</hi> went out.</l>
<l>For if the <hi>Water</hi> were as much as * <note place="margin">In compasse.</note>
<hi>Land,</hi>
</l>
<l>The <hi>Water</hi> would not stir, but still would stand.</l>
<l>
<pb n="20" facs="tcp:50039:19"/>
Which shewes, that though the <hi>Water</hi> still goes round,</l>
<l>Yet is the <hi>Land</hi> more then the <hi>Water</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">In compasse.</note> found.</l>
<l>But say, the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">In compasse.</note> that's moveable without,</l>
<l>Which being thin, gives leave to run about.</l>
<l>Or like a <hi>Wheele,</hi> which <hi>Water</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>As</hi> water <hi>will make a wheele to go, so</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>makes</hi> water <hi>go.</hi>
</note> makes to go,</l>
<l>So <hi>Aire</hi> may the <hi>Water</hi> make to flow.</l>
<l>But if that <hi>Aire</hi> hath not roome to move,</l>
<l>It cannot any other <hi>Body</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</l>
<l>Besides <hi>what</hi> drives, must needs be stronger far,</l>
<l>Then <hi>what</hi> it drives, or <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> it would not stir.</l>
<l>If so, then <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> of <hi>strengths</hi> must be</l>
<l>In <hi>Motions</hi> power, to move <hi>Eternally.</hi>
</l>
<l>But say, all things do run in <hi>Circles</hi> line,</l>
<l>And every part doth altogether joyne.</l>
<l>They cannot in each others places stir,</l>
<l>Unlesse some places were <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> empty bare.</l>
<l>For take a <hi>Wheele, circumference</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> without,</l>
<l>And <hi>Center</hi> too, it cannot <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> about.</l>
<l>If <hi>Breadth</hi> and <hi>Depth</hi> were full, leaving no <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>A crosse</hi> Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>on <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> the</hi> Circular, <hi>if there be <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> space between. The world turns <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> two ima<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ginary Poles, the Earth, upon one, the Hea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>vens upon ano<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ther; yet the Earth, nor the Heavens could not stir, <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> no <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>. <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> example, A wheel could not <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> round, if the <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> were prest <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> close, and the center on either side.</hi>
</note> space,</l>
<l>Nothing can stir out of the selfe same place.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Ebbing</hi> and <hi>Flowing</hi> of the <hi>Sea.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE Reason the Sea so constant <hi>Ebbs</hi> and <hi>Flowes,</hi>
</l>
<l>Is like the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> of a <hi>Clocke,</hi> which goes.</l>
<l>For when it comes just to the <hi>Notch,</hi> doth strike,</l>
<l>So water to that empty place doth like.</l>
<l>For when it <hi>Flowes, Water</hi> is cast out still,</l>
<l>And when it <hi>Ebbs,</hi> runs back that place to fill.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Vacuum</hi> in <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF all the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, Long, Sharpe, Flat,</hi> and <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi>
</l>
<l>Be onely of one fort of <hi>Matter</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>:</l>
<l>The <hi>Hollow Atomes</hi> must all empty be.</l>
<l>For there is nought to fill <hi>Vacuitie.</hi>
</l>
<l>Besides being severall <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> though but small,</l>
<l>Betwixt those <hi>Bodies,</hi> there is nought at all.</l>
<l>For as they range about from place to place,</l>
<l>Betwixt their <hi>Bodies</hi> there is left a <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</hi>
</l>
<l>
<pb n="21" facs="tcp:50039:19"/>
How should they move, having no space between?</l>
<l>For joyning close, they would as one <hi>Lumpe</hi> seem.</l>
<l>Nor could they move into each others place,</l>
<l>Unlesse there were somewhere an <hi>Empty space.</hi>
</l>
<l>For though their <hi>Matter's infinite,</hi> as <hi>Time,</hi>
</l>
<l>They must be fix'd, if altogether joyne.</l>
<l>And were all <hi>Matter fluid,</hi> as some say,</l>
<l>It could not move, having no empty way.</l>
<l>Like <hi>Water</hi> that is stopt close in a <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</l>
<l>It cannot stir, having no way to passe.</l>
<l>Nor could the <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> swim in <hi>Water</hi> thin,</l>
<l>Were there no <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> to crowd those waters in.</l>
<l>For as they <hi>Crowd,</hi> those <hi>waters</hi> on heapes high</l>
<l>Must some waies rise to <hi>Place</hi> that empty lye.</l>
<l>For though the <hi>water's</hi> thin, wherein they move,</l>
<l>They could not stir, if water did not shove.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Contracting</hi> and <hi>Dilating,</hi> whereby <hi>Va<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cuum</hi> must needs follow.</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>COntracting,</hi> and <hi>Dilating</hi> of each part,</l>
<l>It is the chiefest worke of <hi>Motions Art.</hi>
</l>
<l>Yet <hi>Motion</hi> can't dilate, nor yet contract</l>
<l>A Body, which at first is close compact:</l>
<l>Unlesse at first an empty place was found,</l>
<l>To spread those <hi>Compact Bodies</hi> round.</l>
<l>Nor <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> matter</hi> can contract up close,</l>
<l>But by <hi>contracting</hi> it some place must lose.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Attraction</hi> of the <hi>Earth.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE reason <hi>Earth</hi> attracts much like the <hi>Sun,</hi>
</l>
<l>Is, <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> out from the <hi>Earth</hi> do come:</l>
<l>From the <hi>Circumference, those</hi> like <hi>Bees</hi> arise,</l>
<l>As from a <hi>Swarm,</hi> dispers'd, sevr'ally flyes.</l>
<l>And as they wander, meet with duller <hi>Formes,</hi>
</l>
<l>Wherein they sticke their <hi>point,</hi> then backe returnes.</l>
<l>Yet like a <hi>Bee,</hi> which loaded is each <hi>Thigh,</hi>
</l>
<l>Their <hi>weight</hi> is great, they cannot nimbly flye.</l>
<l>So when their <hi>points</hi> are loaded, heavy grow,</l>
<l>Can peirce no further, backward must they go.</l>
<l>
<pb n="22" facs="tcp:50039:20"/>
And, as their <hi>Hives,</hi> to <hi>Earth</hi> returne againe:</l>
<l>Thus by their travell they the <hi>Earth</hi> maintaine.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Attraction</hi> of the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen all those <hi>Atomes</hi> which in <hi>Rayes</hi> do spread,</l>
<l>And ranged long, like to a slender <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>I meane all Rayes in gene<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rall, of all sorts <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> Atomes <hi>which move.</hi>
</note> thread:</l>
<l>They do not seatter'd flye, but joyne in length,</l>
<l>And being joyn'd, though small, add to their strength.</l>
<l>The further forth they streame, more weake <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</l>
<l>Although those <hi>Beames</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">The Suns Rayes.</note> are fastened to the <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</l>
<l>For all those <hi>Rayes</hi> which <hi>Motion</hi> sends downe low,</l>
<l>Are, <hi>loose, sharp Atomes,</hi> from the <hi>Sun</hi> do flow.</l>
<l>And as they flow in severall <hi>Streames,</hi> and <hi>Rayes,</hi>
</l>
<l>They sticke their points in all that stop their waies.</l>
<l>Like <hi>Needle points,</hi> whereon doth something <hi>sticke,</hi>
</l>
<l>No passage make, having no <hi>points</hi> to <hi>pricke.</hi>
</l>
<l>Thus being stop'd, strait-waies they backe do run,</l>
<l>Drawing those <hi>Bodies</hi> with them to the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The cause of the <hi>breaking</hi> of the <hi>Suns Beames.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Porous Atomes</hi> by the <hi>Sharpe</hi> are found,</l>
<l>They're borne on points away, as Prisoners bound:</l>
<l>But as they mount, <hi>Atomes</hi> of their owne kinde,</l>
<l>If chance to meet, strait helpe them to unbinde.</l>
<l>For <hi>Porous Atomes</hi> being soft and wet,</l>
<l>When <hi>Numbers</hi> meet, they close together get:</l>
<l>And being <hi>glut,</hi> they joyne together <hi>all,</hi>
</l>
<l>By one consent they pull, so <hi>backe do</hi> fall.</l>
<l>If they be <hi>round,</hi> in showring <hi>Drops</hi> returne,</l>
<l>Like <hi>Beads</hi> that are upon a <hi>long thread</hi> strunge.</l>
<l>But if their <hi>Figures</hi> different be from those,</l>
<l>Then like a <hi>thicke</hi> and <hi>foggy</hi> mist it shewes.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Rayes</hi> of the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Rayes</hi> are not so hot, as is the Sun,</l>
<l>Because they are united strong to <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</l>
<l>
<pb n="21" facs="tcp:50039:20"/>
But with a <hi>Glasse</hi> those scatter'd <hi>Beames</hi> draw in,</l>
<l>When they're united, peirce through every <note n="*" place="margin">Concaves <hi>draw to a</hi> cen<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter.</note> thing.</l>
<l>But being <hi>separate,</hi> they weake become,</l>
<l>And then like <hi>Cowards</hi> sev'rall waies they run.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Beames</hi> of the <hi>Sun.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THose <hi>Splendent Beames</hi> which forth the <hi>Sun</hi> doth spread</l>
<l>Are loose <hi>sharpe Atomes,</hi> ranged long like <hi>Thread.</hi>
</l>
<l>And as they <hi>streame,</hi> if <hi>Porous bodies</hi> meet,</l>
<l>Sticke in their Points; to us that <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> is <hi>heat.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Sun</hi> doth set the <hi>Aire</hi> on a <hi>light,</hi> as some Opinions hold.</head>
<lg>
<l>IF that the <hi>Sun</hi> so like a <hi>Candle</hi> is,</l>
<l>That all the <hi>Aire</hi> doth take a <hi>Light</hi> from his;</l>
<l>Not from <hi>Reflexion,</hi> but by kindling all</l>
<l>That part, which we our <hi>Hemispheare</hi> do call:</l>
<l>Then should that <hi>Aire</hi> whereon his <hi>Light</hi> takes place,</l>
<l>Be never out, unlesse that <hi>Substance</hi> waste:</l>
<l>Unlesse the <hi>Sun Extinguishers</hi> should throw,</l>
<l>Upon the <hi>Aire,</hi> so out the <hi>Light</hi> doth go.</l>
<l>But sure the <hi>Suns reflexion</hi> gives the <hi>Light,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> Atomes <hi>shine but</hi> sharp Atomes.</note>
</l>
<l>For when he's gone, to us it is darke Night.</l>
<l>For why, the <hi>Sun</hi> is <hi>Atomes sharpe entire,</hi>
</l>
<l>Being close <hi>wedg'd round,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>It seems like a burning</hi> coal.</note> is like a wheele of <hi>Fire.</hi>
</l>
<l>And round that <hi>Wheele</hi> continually do flow</l>
<l>
<hi>Sharpe streaming Atomes,</hi> which like <hi>Flame</hi> do shew.</l>
<l>And in this <hi>Flame</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">Long A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes sharp <hi>at each end.</hi>
</note> the <hi>Earth</hi> its face doth see,</l>
<l>As in a <hi>Glasse,</hi> as cleere, as cleere may bee.</l>
<l>And when the <hi>Earth</hi> doth turne aside his face,</l>
<l>It is not seene, but <hi>Darknesse</hi> in that <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>That part of the</hi> Earth <hi>is</hi> darke <hi>which is from the</hi> Sun.</note> place.</l>
<l>Or when the <hi>Moone</hi> doth come betwixt that <hi>Light,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then is <hi>the Earth</hi> shut up <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>To that part of the</hi> Earth <hi>the</hi> Moone <hi>hides.</hi>
</note> as in darke <hi>Night.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What <hi>Atomes</hi> the <hi>Sun</hi> is made of.</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Sun</hi> is of the <hi>sharpest Atomes</hi> made,</l>
<l>Close knit together, and exactly laid.</l>
<l>
<pb n="24" facs="tcp:50039:21"/>
The <hi>Fabricke</hi> like a <hi>Wheele</hi> is just made round,</l>
<l>And in the midst of all, the <hi>Planets</hi> found.</l>
<l>And as the <hi>Planets</hi> move about the <hi>Sun,</hi>
</l>
<l>Their <hi>Motions</hi> make the <hi>loose sharpe Atomes</hi> run.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Vapour.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>LOose Atomes sharpe,</hi> which <hi>Motion</hi> shoots about,</l>
<l>Sticke on <hi>loose Porous Atomes,</hi> those draw out.</l>
<l>From <hi>those</hi> more <hi>close,</hi> for <hi>these</hi> do highest lye,</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Vapour's</hi> drawne toward the <hi>Region high.</hi>
</l>
<l>But being <hi>their weight</hi> is <hi>equall</hi> with their owne,</l>
<l>They let them fall to <hi>Earth,</hi> so backe returne.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Dewes,</hi> and <hi>Mists</hi> from the <hi>Earth.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>SOme <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> thrust from the <hi>Earth</hi> some <hi>Round,</hi>
</l>
<l>And then a <hi>Pearled dew</hi> lies on the ground.</l>
<l>But if they beare them on their <hi>sharpe points</hi> high,</l>
<l>Those being rais'd, a <hi>Mist</hi> seemes to the <hi>Eye.</hi>
</l>
<l>On the <hi>Circumference</hi> of the <hi>Earth</hi> there lies</l>
<l>The <hi>loosest Atomes,</hi> which are apt to rise;</l>
<l>Yet not to <hi>mount</hi> so high as to the <hi>Sun,</hi>
</l>
<l>For being dull, they becke to <hi>Earth</hi> returne:</l>
<l>As <hi>water,</hi> which is <hi>shov'd</hi> with force of strength,</l>
<l>Is not so apt to <hi>move,</hi> as run at <hi>length.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Attraction</hi> of the <hi>Poles,</hi> and of <hi>Frost.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>North</hi> and <hi>South Attracts, Contracts,</hi> are like the <hi>Sun,</hi>
</l>
<l>They freeze as hard, as he with <hi>Heate</hi> doth burne.</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes</hi> there are like to <hi>Pincers</hi> small,</l>
<l>By which they <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>At the</hi> Poles.</note> draw, and others pull withall.</l>
<l>When <hi>Motion</hi> from the <hi>Poles</hi> shoots them about,</l>
<l>Mixing with <hi>Porous bodies</hi> when they're out:</l>
<l>And with those <hi>Pincers</hi> small those <hi>Bodies</hi> nip,</l>
<l>So <hi>close</hi> and <hi>hard,</hi> they cannot from them get;</l>
<l>Unlesse that <hi>fiery Atomes sharpe</hi> do peirce</l>
<l>Betwixt those <hi>Pincers</hi> small, so do release.</l>
<l>
<pb n="25" facs="tcp:50039:21"/>
Those <hi>Porous Atomes,</hi> like an <hi>Aule</hi> that bores;</l>
<l>Or like a <hi>Picklocke,</hi> which doth open doors.</l>
<l>For when they're opened by those <hi>fiery Aules,</hi>
</l>
<l>Let go their holds, which <hi>Men</hi> a <hi>Thaw</hi> strait calls.</l>
<l>If not, they pinch those <hi>Bodies</hi> close together,</l>
<l>Then men do say, it is hard <hi>Frosty</hi> weather.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Quenching</hi> out of <hi>Fire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE <hi>Atomes</hi> round, tis not their <hi>Numbers</hi> great<note place="margin">
<hi>Round Atomes</hi> are <hi>water. Sharp Atomes.</hi>
</note>
</l>
<l>That put out <hi>Fire,</hi> quenching both <hi>Light</hi> and <hi>Heate.</hi>
</l>
<l>But being <hi>wet,</hi> they <hi>loosen,</hi> and <hi>unbinde,</hi>
</l>
<l>Those <hi>sharpe dry Atomes,</hi> which together joyn'd.</l>
<l>For when they are dispers'd, their <hi>power's</hi> but small,</l>
<l>Nor give they <hi>Light,</hi> nor <hi>Heate,</hi> if single all.</l>
<l>Besides those <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> will smother'd be,</l>
<l>Having no <hi>vent,</hi> nor yet <hi>Vacuity.</hi>
</l>
<l>For if that <hi>Fire</hi> in a place lies close,</l>
<l>Having no <hi>vent,</hi> but <hi>stop'd,</hi> it strait out goes.<note place="margin">
<hi>By</hi> Gone, <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> Motion <hi>ceases.</hi>
</note>
</l>
<l>There is no better <hi>Argument,</hi> to prove</l>
<l>That <hi>Vacuum</hi> is, then to see <hi>Fire</hi> move.<note place="margin">
<hi>Their</hi> Forme <hi>doth not dis<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>solve <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> at their</hi> Death.</note>
</l>
<l>For if that <hi>Fire</hi> had not <hi>Liberty</hi>
</l>
<l>To run about, how quickly would it dye?</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Quenching,</hi> and <hi>Smothering</hi> out of <hi>Heat,</hi> and <hi>Light,</hi> doth not change the <hi>Property,</hi> nor <hi>Shape</hi> of <hi>sharpe Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>TIS not, that <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> do change their <hi>Forme,</hi>
</l>
<l>When <hi>Heat</hi> and <hi>Flame</hi> is out, but <hi>Motion's</hi> gone:</l>
<l>When <hi>Motion's</hi> gone, <hi>sharpe Atomes</hi> cannot pricke,</l>
<l>Having no force<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>Life is such kinde of</hi> Motion <hi>as sharp</hi> Atomes.</note> in any thing to sticke.</l>
<l>For if the <hi>Sun quicke Motion</hi> mov'd it not,</l>
<l>T'would neither <hi>shine,</hi> nor be to us so <hi>hot.</hi>
</l>
<l>Just so, when <hi>Creatures</hi> dye, change not their <hi>Forme,</hi>
</l>
<l>That <hi>kinde</hi> of <hi>Motion,</hi> which made <hi>Life,</hi> is gone.<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>That is, when they are sepa<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>rated, or their</hi> Motion <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, and though e<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>very</hi> Figure <hi>hath <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> Motions <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> to their</hi> Shape, <hi>yet they do not move al<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>waies alike, <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> they have one kinde of</hi> Moti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>on <hi>singly, and another kinde when they are</hi> united, <hi>but when they are mixt with other</hi> Figures, <hi>their</hi> Motion <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> ac<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>cording to their severall mix<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tures.</hi>
</note>
</l>
<l>For <hi>Animall Spirits,</hi> which we <hi>Life</hi> do call,</l>
<l>Are onely of the <hi>sharpest Atomes</hi> small.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>Life</hi> is <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> which we call <hi>Fire,</hi>
</l>
<l>When <hi>those</hi> are <hi>stopt,</hi> or <hi>quench'd, Life</hi> doth expire.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="26" facs="tcp:50039:22"/>
<head>Of a <hi>Sparke</hi> of <hi>Fire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>A <hi>Sparke</hi> of <hi>Fire,</hi> is like a <hi>Mouse,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>The</hi> sharpe Atomes <hi>are like the</hi> Teeth <hi>of</hi> Mice.</note> doth eate</l>
<l>Into a <hi>Cheese,</hi> although both hard, and great.</l>
<l>Just so a <hi>Sparke,</hi> although it be but small,</l>
<l>If once those <hi>Points</hi> can <hi>fasten,</hi> peirce through all.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of a <hi>Coale.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHY that a <hi>Coale</hi> should set an house on <hi>Fire,</hi>
</l>
<l>Is, <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> are in that <hi>Coale</hi> entire.</l>
<l>Being strong arm'd with <hi>Points,</hi> do quite peirce through;</l>
<l>Those <hi>flat dull Atomes,</hi> and their <hi>Formes</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>Not the</hi> form <hi>of the</hi> Atomes, <hi>but the</hi> forme <hi>of their</hi> Set<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tlement.</note> undo.</l>
<l>And <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> whose <hi>Forme</hi> is made for <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi>
</l>
<l>If <hi>loose,</hi> do run to helpe the rest in fight.</l>
<l>For like as <hi>Souldiers,</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> loose Atomes, <hi>which we per<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ceive not, doe run to those which are</hi> uni<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ted <hi>in the</hi> Coale.</note> which are of one side,</l>
<l>When they <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>Friends ingag'd,</hi> to <hi>rescue</hi> ride.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes flat</hi> where <hi>Motion</hi> is but <hi>slow,</hi>
</l>
<l>They cannot <hi>fight,</hi> but strait to <hi>Ashes</hi> go.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Ashes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>BUrnt wood</hi> is like unto an <hi>Army's</hi> rout, <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>Wood is made most of</hi> flat A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes.</note>
</l>
<l>Their <hi>Formes</hi> undone, <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> all about.</l>
<l>When <hi>Atomes sharpe, fat Atomes</hi> unbinde all,</l>
<l>Those <hi>loose flat Atomes,</hi> we strait <hi>Ashes</hi> call. <note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>For severall</hi> Formes <hi>are according to the</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
<hi>of</hi> Atomes, <hi>which</hi> Formes <hi>are undone still by the</hi> strongest party.</note>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Increasing,</hi> and <hi>Decreasing</hi> of <hi>visible Fire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Fuel's</hi> kindled, <hi>Fire</hi> seemes but small,</l>
<l>That <hi>Fuell</hi> afterward doth seem <hi>Fire</hi> all.</l>
<l>Just like a <hi>Crow,</hi> that on a dead <hi>Horse</hi> lights;</l>
<l>When other <hi>Crowes</hi> perceiving in their flights,</l>
<l>They strait invite themselves unto that <hi>Feast,</hi>
<note place="margin">
<hi>When there is no</hi> Sub<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>stance <hi>left for</hi> sharp Atomes <hi>to worke upon, they disperse, for they seek to undo the</hi> com<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>posure <hi>of all other</hi> Atomes.</note>
</l>
<l>And thus from one, to <hi>Numbers</hi> are increas'd.</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> which singly flye about,</l>
<l>Joyne with the <hi>rest,</hi> to eate the <hi>Fuell</hi> out.</l>
<l>And, as the <hi>Fuell</hi> doth increase, do <hi>they,</hi>
</l>
<l>And as it <hi>wasts,</hi> so do <hi>they</hi> flye away.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="27" facs="tcp:50039:22"/>
<head>The <hi>Power</hi> of <hi>Fire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>FIre</hi> such power hath of every thing,</l>
<l>As like to <hi>Needle points</hi> that peirce the <hi>Skyn.</hi>
</l>
<l>So doth that <hi>Element</hi> peirce into all,</l>
<l>Bee't nere so <hi>hard, strong, thicke,</hi> or <hi>Solid Ball.</hi>
</l>
<l>All things it doth <hi>dissolve,</hi> or <hi>bow,</hi> or <hi>breake,</hi>
</l>
<l>Keeping its <hi>strength,</hi> by making <hi>others</hi> weake.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of <hi>Burning.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE cause why <hi>Fire</hi> doth burne, and burning smarts,</l>
<l>The reason is of <hi>Numerous</hi> little <hi>parts.</hi>
</l>
<l>Which <hi>parts</hi> are <hi>Atomes sharpe,</hi> that wound like Stings,</l>
<l>If they so far do peirce into our Skyns;</l>
<l>And like an angry <hi>Porcupine,</hi> doth shoot</l>
<l>His fiery <hi>Quils,</hi> if nothing quench them out.</l>
<l>Their <hi>Figure</hi> makes their <hi>Motion</hi> sudden, quicke,</l>
<l>And being <hi>sharpe,</hi> they do like <hi>Needles</hi> pricke.</l>
<l>If they peirce deep, * <note place="margin">
<hi>When it</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</note> do make our flesh to ake,</l>
<l>If only touch * <note place="margin">Warmth.</note> the skyn, we pleasure take.</l>
<l>That kinde of paine, do we a <hi>Burning</hi> call:</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes numerous,</hi> and very <hi>small,</hi>
</l>
<l>Do make from <hi>Needles</hi> point a different <hi>touch,</hi>
</l>
<l>Whose <hi>points</hi> are <hi>grosse,</hi> and <hi>Numbers</hi> not so much;</l>
<l>Which cannot lye so <hi>close,</hi> and spread so <hi>thin,</hi>
</l>
<l>All at one time our <hi>Pores</hi> to enter in.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The Reason <hi>VVater</hi> quenches <hi>Fire.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>THE Reason <hi>Water Fire</hi> quenches out,</l>
<l>Is, <hi>Atomes</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>They separate the</hi> sharp A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes.</note>
<hi>round</hi> the <hi>sharpe</hi> put to a rout.</l>
<l>For when a House is on a <hi>Fire</hi> set,</l>
<l>Is, <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> do in great <hi>Armies</hi> meet.</l>
<l>And then they range themselves in <hi>Ranks</hi> and <hi>Files,</hi>
</l>
<l>And strive alwaies <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> havocke, and make spoiles.</l>
<l>Running about as nimble as may bee, <note n="*" place="margin">When Water is throwne on Fire.</note>
</l>
<l>From side to side, as in great <hi>Fire</hi> we see.</l>
<l>But <hi>Atomes round</hi> do like a <hi>rescue</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">When Water is throwne on Fire.</note> come,</l>
<l>And <hi>separate</hi> the <hi>sharpe,</hi> which in heapes run,</l>
<l>
<pb n="28" facs="tcp:50039:23"/>
For being <hi>seperate,</hi> they have no force;</l>
<l>Like to a Troope, or Regiment of Horse:</l>
<l>Which when great Canon bullets are shot through,</l>
<l>They disunite, and quite their strength undo.</l>
<l>So <hi>water,</hi> that is throwne on <hi>flaming Fire,</hi>
</l>
<l>Doth <hi>separate,</hi> and make that strength expire.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the sound of <hi>VVaters, Aire, Flame,</hi> more then <hi>Earth,</hi> or <hi>Aire</hi> without <hi>Flame.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>WHen <hi>Crowds</hi> of <hi>Atomes</hi> meet, not joyned close,</l>
<l>By <hi>Motion</hi> quicke do give<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>The</hi> encoun<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ters <hi>of</hi> Bodies <hi>make all</hi> Sound.</note> each other blowes.</l>
<l>So <hi>Atomes hollow</hi> which are <hi>Long,</hi> and <hi>Round,</hi>
</l>
<l>When <hi>they</hi> do strike, do make the greatest <hi>sound:</hi>
</l>
<l>Not that there's any thing that moves therein,</l>
<l>To make <hi>Rebounds,</hi> but that their <hi>Forme's</hi> more <hi>thin.</hi>
<note n="*" place="margin">Long, <hi>and</hi> round Atomes <hi>are more</hi> thin <hi>theu</hi> flat, or sharpe, <hi>by rea<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>son they are more</hi> hollow <hi>: and their</hi> hol<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>lowness <hi>makes their</hi> Bulk blg<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ger, <hi>though not their</hi> weight heavier.</note>
</l>
<l>For being <hi>thin,</hi> they <hi>larger</hi> are, and <hi>wide,</hi>
</l>
<l>Which make them apt to strike each others side.</l>
<l>In larger <hi>Bulks encounters</hi> are more fierce,</l>
<l>When that they strike, though not so quicke to pierce.</l>
<l>This is the reason <hi>Water, Aire,</hi> and <hi>Flame,</hi>
</l>
<l>Do make most noise, when <hi>Motions</hi> move the same.</l>
<l>For <hi>Atomes</hi> loose are like to people rude, </l>
<l>Make horrid noise, when in a <hi>Multitude.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The reason of the <hi>Roaring</hi> of the <hi>Sea.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>ALL <hi>Waters Sphaericall,</hi> when <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> do flow,</l>
<l>Beat all those <hi>sphaericall Drops</hi> as they do go.</l>
<l>So <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> do strike those <hi>watry drops</hi> together,</l>
<l>Which we at <hi>Sea</hi> do call <hi>Tempestuòus</hi> weather:</l>
<l>And being <hi>shpaericall,</hi> and <hi>Cymball</hi> like,</l>
<l>They make a <hi>sound,</hi> when each 'gainst other strike.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Agilenesse</hi> of <hi>VVater.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>WAter</hi> is apt to move, being round like <hi>Balls,</hi>
</l>
<l>No points to fixe, doth trundle as it falls.</l>
<l>This makes the <hi>Sea,</hi> when like great Mountaines high</l>
<l>The waves do rise, it steddy cannot lye.</l>
<l>
<pb n="29" facs="tcp:50039:23"/>
But falls againe into a <hi>Liquid Plaine,</hi>
</l>
<l>
<hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, Winds</hi> disturbe them not, levell remaine.</l>
<l>Thus <hi>watry Balls</hi> they do not <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</l>
<l>But sticke<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>Those</hi> Drops <hi>ioyning</hi> close <hi>and</hi> even.</note> so close, as nothing is betwixt.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of the <hi>Center.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IN <hi>Infinites</hi> no <hi>Center</hi> can be laid,</l>
<l>But if the<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> there be Infinites of Worlds; then there may be in<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>siuites of</hi> Cen<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ters, <hi>although not a</hi> Center <hi>in <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>.</hi>
</note>
<hi>World</hi> has <hi>Limits, Center's</hi> made.</l>
<l>For whatsoe're's with <hi>Circumference</hi> fac'd,</l>
<l>A <hi>Center</hi> in the midst must needs be plac'd.</l>
<l>This makes all <hi>Formes</hi> that <hi>Limit</hi> have; and <hi>Bound,</hi>
</l>
<l>To have a <hi>Center,</hi> and <hi>Circumference</hi> round.</l>
<l>This is the <hi>Cause;</hi> the <hi>World</hi> in <hi>circle</hi> runs,</l>
<l>Because a <hi>Center</hi> hath whereon it turnes.</l>
<l>The <hi>Center</hi> small, <hi>Circumference</hi> big without,</l>
<l>Which by the <hi>weight</hi> doth <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> it turne about.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>All <hi>sharpe Atomes</hi> do run to the <hi>Center,</hi> and those that settle not, by reason of the straitnesse of the <hi>Place,</hi> flye out to the <hi>Circumference. Sharpe Atomes</hi> to the <hi>Center,</hi> make a <hi>Sun.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>ALL <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> to every <hi>Center</hi> flye,</l>
<l>In midst of Earth, and midst of Planets lye;</l>
<l>And in<note n="*" place="margin">
<hi>The</hi> Sun <hi>in the midst of the</hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>, <hi>which are sharpe</hi> A<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tomes.</note> those <hi>Planets</hi> there are <hi>Centers</hi> too,</l>
<l>Where the <hi>sharpe Atomes</hi> with quicke <hi>Motion</hi> go.</l>
<l>And to the <hi>Center</hi> of the <hi>Earth</hi> they run,</l>
<l>There gathering close, and so become a <hi>Sun.</hi>
</l>
<l>This is the <hi>Axe</hi> whereon the <hi>Earth</hi> turnes round,</l>
<l>And gives the <hi>heat</hi> which in the <hi>Earth</hi> is found;</l>
<l>A <hi>World</hi> of <hi>Fire:</hi> thus may we guesse the <hi>Sun;</hi>
</l>
<l>If all <hi>sharpe Atomes</hi> to the <hi>Center</hi> run.</l>
<l>For why, the <hi>Sun</hi> amongst the <hi>Planets</hi> round,</l>
<l>Iust as a <hi>Center,</hi> in the midst is found.</l>
<l>And <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> Stars,</hi> which give a twinckling <hi>Light,</hi>
</l>
<l>Are <hi>Center Worlds</hi> of <hi>Fire,</hi> that shineth bright.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="30" facs="tcp:50039:24"/>
<head>In the <hi>Center Atomes</hi> never <hi>Separate.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>JUst at the <hi>Center</hi> is a <hi>point</hi> that's small,</l>
<l>Those <hi>Atomes</hi> that are there are wedg'd in all;</l>
<l>They lye so close, <hi>firme</hi> in one <hi>Body</hi> binde,</l>
<l>No other <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> or <hi>Motion</hi> can un Winde:</l>
<l>For they are wreath'd so hard about that <hi>point,</hi>
</l>
<l>As they become a <hi>Circle</hi> without <hi>joynt.</hi> * <note place="margin">As it were without parti<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>tion, but it is but one.</note>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>If <hi>Infinite VVorlds, Infinite Centers.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF <hi>Infinites</hi> of <hi>Worlds,</hi> they must be plac'd</l>
<l>At such a distance, as between lies waste.</l>
<l>If they were joyned close, moving about,</l>
<l>By justling they would push each other out.</l>
<l>And if they swim in <hi>Aire,</hi> as <hi>Fishes</hi> do</l>
<l>In <hi>Water,</hi> they would meet * <note place="margin">They would beat against each other.</note> as they did go.</l>
<l>But if the <hi>Aire</hi> each <hi>World</hi> doth inclose</l>
<l>Them all about, then like to <hi>Water</hi> flowes;</l>
<l>Keeping them <hi>equall,</hi> and in <hi>order</hi> right.</l>
<l>That as they move, shall not each other strike.</l>
<l>Or like to <hi>water wheels</hi> by <hi>water</hi> turn'd,</l>
<l>So <hi>Aire</hi> round about those <hi>Worlds</hi> do run:</l>
<l>And by that <hi>Motion</hi> they do turne about,</l>
<l>No further then that <hi>Motions</hi> strength runs out.<note place="margin">They are <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> according to the severall strengths of their motion. They turne as they go.</note>
</l>
<l>Like to a <hi>Bowle,</hi> which will no further go,</l>
<l>But runs according as that strength do throw.</l>
<l>Thus like as <hi>Bowles,</hi> the <hi>Worlds</hi> do turne, and run,</l>
<l>But still the <hi>Jacke,</hi> and <hi>Center</hi> is the * <hi>Sun.</hi>
<note place="margin">A Jack Bowle is the marke.</note>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The <hi>Infinites</hi> of <hi>Matter.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>IF all the <hi>World</hi> were a <hi>confused heape,</hi>
</l>
<l>What was beyond? for this <hi>World</hi> is not great:</l>
<l>We finde it <hi>Limit</hi> hath, and <hi>Bound,</hi>
</l>
<l>And like a <hi>Ball</hi> in compasse is made round:</l>
<l>And if that <hi>Matter,</hi> with which the <hi>World's</hi> made,</l>
<l>Be <hi>Infinite,</hi> then more <hi>Worlds</hi> may be said;</l>
<l>Then <hi>Infinites</hi> of <hi>Worlds</hi> may we agree,</l>
<l>As well, as <hi>Infinites</hi> of <hi>Matters</hi> bee.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="31" facs="tcp:50039:24"/>
<head>A World made by foure <hi>Atomes.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>
<hi>SHarpe Atomes Fire subtle,</hi> quicke, and dry,</l>
<l>The <hi>Long,</hi> like Shafts still into <hi>Aìre</hi> fly.</l>
<l>The <hi>Round</hi> to <hi>Water</hi> moist, (a hollow <hi>Forme,</hi>)</l>
<l>The <hi>Figure square</hi> to heavy dull <hi>Earth</hi> turne.</l>
<l>The <hi>Atomes sharpe</hi> hard <hi>Mineralls</hi> do make,</l>
<l>The <hi>Atomes round</hi> soft <hi>Vegetables</hi> take.</l>
<l>In <hi>Animals</hi> none <hi>singly</hi> lye alone,</l>
<l>But the <hi>foure Atomes</hi> meet, and joyne as <hi>one.</hi>
</l>
<l>And thus <hi>foure Atomes</hi> the <hi>Substance</hi> is of <hi>all;</hi>
</l>
<l>With their <hi>foure Figures</hi> make a <hi>worldly Ball.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
<p>
<hi>Thus the Fancy of my Atomes is, that the foure Principall Figures, as Sharpe, Long, Round, Square, make the foure Elements; not that they are of severall matters, but are all of * <note place="margin">
<hi>The severall</hi> Elements <hi>are at but one mat<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>ter.</hi>
</note> one matter, onely their se<g ref="char:EOLhyphen"/>verall Figures do give them severall Proprieties; so likewise do the mixt Figures give them mixt Proprieties, &amp; their several composures do give them other Proprieties, according to their Formes they put themselves into, by their severall Motions. This I do repeate, that the ground of my Opinion may be understood.</hi>
</p>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of Elements.</head>
<lg>
<l>SOme hold <hi>foure</hi> perfect <hi>Elements</hi> there bee,</l>
<l>Which do surmount each other by degree.</l>
<l>And <hi>some</hi> Opinions thinke that <hi>One</hi> is all,</l>
<l>The rest from <hi>that,</hi> and to <hi>that One</hi> shall fall:</l>
<l>This <hi>single Element</hi> it selfe to turne</l>
<l>To severall qualities, as <hi>Fire</hi> to burne.</l>
<l>So <hi>water</hi> moist, that heate to quench, and then</l>
<l>To <hi>subtle Aire,</hi> and so to <hi>Earth</hi> agen.</l>
<l>Like <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> water,</hi> which turnes with the Cold,</l>
<l>To <hi>Flakes</hi> of Snow, or in firme <hi>Ice</hi> to hold.</l>
<l>But that <hi>Heate</hi> doth melt that <hi>Icy Chaine,</hi>
</l>
<l>Then into <hi>water</hi> doth it turne againe.</l>
<l>So from the <hi>Earth</hi> a <hi>Vapour</hi> thicke ascends,</l>
<l>That <hi>Vapour</hi> thicke it selfe to thin <hi>Aire</hi> spends;</l>
<l>Or else it will condense it selfe to <hi>Raine,</hi>
</l>
<l>And by its <hi>weight</hi> will fall to <hi>Earth</hi> againe.</l>
<l>
<pb n="32" facs="tcp:50039:25"/>
And what is very <hi>thin,</hi> so <hi>subtle</hi> growes,</l>
<l>As it turnes <hi>Fire,</hi> and so a bright flame shewes.</l>
<l>And what is <hi>dull,</hi> or <hi>heavy, flow</hi> to move;</l>
<l>Of a cold quality it oft doth prove.</l>
<l>Thus by <hi>contracting,</hi> and <hi>dilating</hi> parts,</l>
<l>Is all the skill of Natures working Arts.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>
<hi>Fire</hi> compared to <hi>Stings.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>NOthing is so like <hi>Fire,</hi> as a <hi>Flies Sting,</hi>
</l>
<l>If we compare th' effect which both do bring.</l>
<l>For when they <hi>sting</hi> the flesh, they no blood draw,</l>
<l>But blisters raise, the <hi>Skin</hi> made red, the <hi>Flesh</hi> raw.</l>
<l>Were there as many <hi>Stings,</hi> as <hi>Fiery Atomes</hi> small,</l>
<l>Would peirce into the <hi>Flesh, Bones</hi> turne to <hi>Ashes</hi> all.</l>
<l>Thus we finde <hi>Flies</hi> do carry every where</l>
<l>
<hi>Fire</hi> in their <hi>Tailes,</hi> their <hi>Breech</hi> they do not feare.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Comparing <hi>Flame</hi> to the <hi>Tide</hi> of the <hi>Sea.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>LIke <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> 'Iides,</hi> a <hi>Flame</hi> will ebb and flow,</l>
<l>By sinking downe, and then strait higher grow.</l>
<l>And if supprest, all in a rage breakeout,</l>
<l>Streaming it selfe in severall parts about.</l>
<l>Some thinke the <hi>Salt</hi> doth make the <hi>Sea</hi> to move,</l>
<l>If so, then <hi>Salt</hi> in <hi>Flame</hi> the like may prove.</l>
<l>From that <hi>Example, Salt</hi> all <hi>Motions</hi> makes,</l>
<l>Then <hi>Life</hi> the chiefe of <hi>Motion</hi> from <hi>Salt</hi> takes.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>What is Liquid</head>
<lg>
<l>WEE cannot call all <hi>Liquid</hi> which doth flow,</l>
<l>For then a Flame may turne to water so.</l>
<l>But that is <hi>Liquid,</hi> which is moist, and wet,</l>
<l>
<hi>Fire</hi> that Propriety can never get.</l>
<l>Then 'tis not Cold, that puts the <hi>Fire</hi> out,</l>
<l>But 'tis the Wet that makes it dye, no doubt.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Fire and moisture.</head>
<lg>
<l>IF Hay be not quite dry, but stackt up wet,</l>
<l>In time that Moisture will a Fire beget.</l>
<l>
<pb n="33" facs="tcp:50039:25"/>
This proves that Fire may from Moisture grow,</l>
<l>We proofe have none, Moisture from Fire flow.</l>
<l>This shewes that Fire in its selfe is free,</l>
<l>No other Element in it can bee.</l>
<l>For Fire is pure still, and keeps the same,</l>
<l>Where oyly Moisture's not, no Fire can flame.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Aire begot of Heate and Moisture.</head>
<lg>
<l>HEate, and Moisture joyn'd with equall merit,</l>
<l>Get a Body thin 'of Aire, or Spirit;</l>
<l>Which is a Sinoake, or Steame begot from both,</l>
<l>If Mother Moisture rule, 'tis full of sloth.</l>
<l>If the Father Fire predominates,</l>
<l>Then it is active, quicke, and Elevates.</l>
<l>This Aiery Childe is sometimes good, or bad,</l>
<l>According to the nourishment it had.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>The Temper of the Earth.</head>
<lg>
<l>THE Earth we finde is very cold, and dry;</l>
<l>And must therefore have Fire and water night,</l>
<l>To wash and bath, then dry her selfe without,</l>
<l>Else she would uselesse be without all doubt.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Winds are made in the Aire, not in the Earth.</head>
<lg>
<l>HOW can we thinke Winds come from Earth below,</l>
<l>When they from Skye do downe upon us blow?</l>
<l>If they proceeded from the Earth, must run</l>
<l>Strait up, and upon Earth againe backe come:</l>
<l>They cannot freely blow, least Earth were made</l>
<l>Like to a Bowling-Greene, so levell laid.</l>
<l>But there are Rocks, and Hills, and Mountaines great,</l>
<l>Which stop their waies, and make them soone retreat.</l>
<l>Then sure it is, the Sun drawes Vapour out,</l>
<l>And <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap> it thin, then blow'th 't about.</l>
<l>If Heat condens'd, that turnes it into Raine,</l>
<l>And by its weight falls to the Earth againe.</l>
<l>Thus Moisture and the Sun do cause the Winds,</l>
<l>And not the Cradities in hollow Mines.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<pb n="34" facs="tcp:50039:26"/>
<head>Thunder is a Wind in the middle Region.</head>
<lg>
<l>WHO knowes, but Thunders are great Winds, which lye</l>
<l>Within the middle vault above the Skye:</l>
<l>Which Winde the Sun on Moisture cold begot,</l>
<l>When he is in his Region <hi>Cancer</hi> hot.</l>
<l>This * <note place="margin">
<hi>The</hi> Wind.</note> Childe is thin, and subtle, made by hear,</l>
<l>It gets a voice, and makes a noise that's great:</l>
<l>It's Thinnesse makes it agile, agile strong,</l>
<l>Which by its force doth drive the Clouds along.</l>
<l>And when the Clouds do meet, they each do strike,</l>
<l>Flashing out Fire, as do Flints the like.</l>
<l>Thus in the Summer Thunder's caus'd by Wind,</l>
<l>Vapour drawne so high, no way out can find.</l>
<l>But in the <hi>Winter,</hi> when the <hi>Clouds</hi> are loose,</l>
<l>Then doth the <hi>Wind</hi> on Earth keep <hi>Rendezvous.</hi>
</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">
<head>Of cold <hi>VVinds.</hi>
</head>
<lg>
<l>AS rarified water makes <hi>Winds</hi> blow,</l>
<l>So rarified <hi>Winds</hi> do colder grow.</l>
<l>For if they thin are rarified, then they</l>
<l>Do further blow, aud spread out every way.</l>
<l>So cold they are, and sharpe as <hi>Needle</hi> points,</l>
<l>For by the thinnesse breaks, and disunites;</l>
<l>Into such <hi>Atomes</hi> fall, <hi>Sharpe Figures</hi> bee,</l>
<l>Which <hi>Porous Bodies</hi> peirce, if we could see.</l>
<l>Yet some will thinke, if <hi>Aire</hi> were parted so,</l>
<l>The <hi>Winds</hi> could not have such strong force to blow.</l>
<l>Tis true, if <hi>Atomes</hi> all were <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> and <hi>Flat,</hi>
</l>
<l>Or <hi>Round</hi> like <hi>Rings,</hi> they could not <hi>peirce,</hi> but <hi>pat;</hi>
</l>
<l>But by themselves they do so sharpe become,</l>
<l>That through all <hi>Porous Bodies</hi> they do run.</l>
<l>But when the <hi>Winds</hi> are soft, they intermixe,</l>
<l>As water doth, and in one <hi>Body</hi> fixe.</l>
<l>More like they wave, then blow as <hi>Fanns</hi> are spread,</l>
<l>Which Ladies use to coole their <hi>Cheeks,</hi> when red.</l>
<l>As water <hi>Drops</hi> feele harder when they <gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</l>
<l>Then when they're <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>,</hi> and on us light;</l>
<l>
<pb n="35" facs="tcp:50039:26"/>
Unlesse such streames upon our heads downe runne,</l>
<l>As we a <hi>Shelter</hi> seeke the <hi>Wet</hi> to shun.</l>
<l>But when a <hi>Drop</hi> congealed is with <hi>Cold,</hi>
</l>
<l>As <hi>Haile-stones</hi> are, more strength thereby doth hold.</l>
<l>Then <hi>Flakes</hi> of <hi>Snow</hi> may have more quantity,</l>
<l>Then <hi>Haile-stones,</hi> yet not have more force thereby.</l>
<l>They fall so soft, they scarce do strike our Touch,</l>
<l>
<hi>Haile-stones</hi> we feele, and know their weight too much.</l>
<l>But <hi>Figures</hi> that are <hi>Flat,</hi> are <hi>dull,</hi> and <hi>slow,</hi>
</l>
<l>Make weake <hi>Impression</hi> wheresoe're they go.</l>
<l>For let ten times the quantity of <hi>Steele</hi>
</l>
<l>Be beaten thin, no hurt by that you'le feele.</l>
<l>But if that one will take a <hi>Needle</hi> small,</l>
<l>The <hi>Point</hi> be <hi>Sharpe,</hi> and presse the <hi>Flesh</hi> withall;</l>
<l>Strait it shall hurt, and put the <hi>Flesh</hi> to paine,</l>
<l>Which with more strength that shall not do, that's plaine.</l>
<l>Although you presse it hard against the <hi>Skin,</hi>
</l>
<l>May heavy feele, but shall not enter in.</l>
<l>So may the <hi>Wind</hi> that's thinly rarified,</l>
<l>Presse us downe, but it shall not peirce the <hi>side.</hi>
</l>
<l>Or take a <hi>Blade</hi> that's <hi>flat,</hi> though strong and great,</l>
<l>And with great strength upon the <hi>Head</hi> that beat;</l>
<l>The <hi>skull</hi> may breake, seldome knocke out the <hi>Braines,</hi>
</l>
<l>Which <hi>Arrowes sharpe</hi> soone do, and with lesse paines.</l>
<l>Thus what is <hi>small,</hi> more subtle is, and quicke,</l>
<l>For all that's small in <hi>Porous Bodies</hi> sticke.</l>
<l>Then are the <hi>Winds</hi> more cold when they do blow,</l>
<l>Broke into <hi>Atomes</hi> small, then streaming flow:</l>
<l>For all which <hi>knit,</hi> and closely do compose,</l>
<l>Much stronger are, and give the harder <hi>Blowes.</hi>
</l>
<l>This shewes what's neerest absolute to bee,</l>
<l>Although an <hi>
<gap reason="illegible" resp="#APEX" extent="1 word">
<desc>〈◊〉</desc>
</gap>
</hi> to its small degree:</l>
<l>Take quantity, for quantity alike.</l>
<l>
<hi>Vnion</hi> more then <hi>Mixture</hi> hard shall strike.</l>
</lg>
</div>
<div type="poem">