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examples add eeprom library explicitly May 17, 2016
EEPROM.h add eeprom library explicitly May 17, 2016
README.md add eeprom library explicitly May 17, 2016
keywords.txt add eeprom library explicitly May 17, 2016
library.properties add eeprom library explicitly May 17, 2016

README.md

EEPROM Library V2.0 for Arduino

Written by: Christopher Andrews.

What is the EEPROM library.

Th EEPROM library provides an easy to use interface to interact with the internal non-volatile storage found in AVR based Arduino boards. This library will work on many AVR devices like ATtiny and ATmega chips.

How to use it

The EEPROM library is included in your IDE download. To add its functionality to your sketch you'll need to reference the library header file. You do this by adding an include directive to the top of your sketch.

#include <EEPROM.h>

void setup(){

}

void loop(){

}

The library provides a global variable named EEPROM, you use this variable to access the library functions. The methods provided in the EEPROM class are listed below.

You can view all the examples here.

Library functions

EEPROM.read( address ) [example]

This function allows you to read a single byte of data from the eeprom. Its only parameter is an int which should be set to the address you wish to read.

The function returns an unsigned char containing the value read.

EEPROM.write( address, value ) [example]

The write() method allows you to write a single byte of data to the EEPROM. Two parameters are needed. The first is an int containing the address that is to be written, and the second is a the data to be written (unsigned char).

This function does not return any value.

EEPROM.update( address, value ) [example]

This function is similar to EEPROM.write() however this method will only write data if the cell contents pointed to by address is different to value. This method can help prevent unnecessary wear on the EEPROM cells.

This function does not return any value.

EEPROM.get( address, object ) [example]

This function will retrieve any object from the EEPROM. Two parameters are needed to call this function. The first is an int containing the address that is to be written, and the second is the object you would like to read.

This function returns a reference to the object passed in. It does not need to be used and is only returned for conveience.

EEPROM.put( address, object ) [example]

This function will write any object to the EEPROM. Two parameters are needed to call this function. The first is an int containing the address that is to be written, and the second is the object you would like to write.

This function uses the update method to write its data, and therefore only rewrites changed cells.

This function returns a reference to the object passed in. It does not need to be used and is only returned for conveience.

Subscript operator: EEPROM[address] [example]

This operator allows using the identifier EEPROM like an array.
EEPROM cells can be read and written directly using this method.

This operator returns a reference to the EEPROM cell.

unsigned char val;

//Read first EEPROM cell.
val = EEPROM[ 0 ];

//Write first EEPROM cell.
EEPROM[ 0 ] = val;

//Compare contents
if( val == EEPROM[ 0 ] ){
  //Do something...
}

EEPROM.length()

This function returns an unsigned int containing the number of cells in the EEPROM.


Advanced features

This library uses a component based approach to provide its functionality. This means you can also use these components to design a customized approach. Two background classes are available for use: EERef & EEPtr.

EERef class

This object references an EEPROM cell. Its purpose is to mimic a typical byte of RAM, however its storage is the EEPROM. This class has an overhead of two bytes, similar to storing a pointer to an EEPROM cell.

EERef ref = EEPROM[ 10 ]; //Create a reference to 11th cell.

ref = 4; //write to EEPROM cell.

unsigned char val = ref; //Read referenced cell.

EEPtr class

This object is a bidirectional pointer to EEPROM cells represented by EERef objects. Just like a normal pointer type, this type can be dereferenced and repositioned using increment/decrement operators.

EEPtr ptr = 10; //Create a pointer to 11th cell.

*ptr = 4; //dereference and write to EEPROM cell.

unsigned char val = *ptr; //dereference and read.

ptr++; //Move to next EEPROM cell.

EEPROM.begin()

This function returns an EEPtr pointing to the first cell in the EEPROM.
This is useful for STL objects, custom iteration and C++11 style ranged for loops.

EEPROM.end()

This function returns an EEPtr pointing at the location after the last EEPROM cell.
Used with begin() to provide custom iteration.

Note: The EEPtr returned is invalid as it is out of range. Infact the hardware causes wrapping of the address (overflow) and EEPROM.end() actually references the first EEPROM cell.

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