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/*
* FFM (ffserver live feed) muxer
* Copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/intfloat.h"
#include "libavutil/avassert.h"
#include "libavutil/parseutils.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "avformat.h"
#include "avio_internal.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "ffm.h"
static void flush_packet(AVFormatContext *s)
{
FFMContext *ffm = s->priv_data;
int fill_size, h;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
fill_size = ffm->packet_end - ffm->packet_ptr;
memset(ffm->packet_ptr, 0, fill_size);
av_assert1(avio_tell(pb) % ffm->packet_size == 0);
/* put header */
avio_wb16(pb, PACKET_ID);
avio_wb16(pb, fill_size);
avio_wb64(pb, ffm->dts);
h = ffm->frame_offset;
if (ffm->first_packet)
h |= 0x8000;
avio_wb16(pb, h);
avio_write(pb, ffm->packet, ffm->packet_end - ffm->packet);
avio_flush(pb);
/* prepare next packet */
ffm->frame_offset = 0; /* no key frame */
ffm->packet_ptr = ffm->packet;
ffm->first_packet = 0;
}
/* 'first' is true if first data of a frame */
static void ffm_write_data(AVFormatContext *s,
const uint8_t *buf, int size,
int64_t dts, int header)
{
FFMContext *ffm = s->priv_data;
int len;
if (header && ffm->frame_offset == 0) {
ffm->frame_offset = ffm->packet_ptr - ffm->packet + FFM_HEADER_SIZE;
ffm->dts = dts;
}
/* write as many packets as needed */
while (size > 0) {
len = ffm->packet_end - ffm->packet_ptr;
if (len > size)
len = size;
memcpy(ffm->packet_ptr, buf, len);
ffm->packet_ptr += len;
buf += len;
size -= len;
if (ffm->packet_ptr >= ffm->packet_end)
flush_packet(s);
}
}
static void write_header_chunk(AVIOContext *pb, AVIOContext *dpb, unsigned id)
{
uint8_t *dyn_buf;
int dyn_size= avio_close_dyn_buf(dpb, &dyn_buf);
avio_wb32(pb, id);
avio_wb32(pb, dyn_size);
avio_write(pb, dyn_buf, dyn_size);
av_free(dyn_buf);
}
static int ffm_write_header_codec_private_ctx(AVFormatContext *s, AVCodecContext *ctx, int type)
{
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVIOContext *tmp;
char *buf = NULL;
int ret;
const AVCodec *enc = ctx->codec ? ctx->codec : avcodec_find_encoder(ctx->codec_id);
if (!enc) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Stream codec is not found. Codec private options are not stored.\n");
return 0;
}
if (ctx->priv_data && enc->priv_class && enc->priv_data_size) {
if ((ret = av_opt_serialize(ctx->priv_data, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM | type,
AV_OPT_SERIALIZE_SKIP_DEFAULTS, &buf, '=', ',')) < 0)
return ret;
if (buf && strlen(buf)) {
if (avio_open_dyn_buf(&tmp) < 0) {
av_free(buf);
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
avio_put_str(tmp, buf);
write_header_chunk(pb, tmp, MKBETAG('C', 'P', 'R', 'V'));
}
av_free(buf);
}
return 0;
}
static int ffm_write_header_codec_ctx(AVIOContext *pb, AVCodecContext *ctx, unsigned tag, int type)
{
AVIOContext *tmp;
char *buf = NULL;
int ret, need_coma = 0;
#define SKIP_DEFAULTS AV_OPT_SERIALIZE_SKIP_DEFAULTS
#define OPT_FLAGS_EXACT AV_OPT_SERIALIZE_OPT_FLAGS_EXACT
#define ENC AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM
if (avio_open_dyn_buf(&tmp) < 0)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
if ((ret = av_opt_serialize(ctx, ENC | type, SKIP_DEFAULTS, &buf, '=', ',')) < 0)
goto fail;
if (buf && strlen(buf)) {
avio_write(tmp, buf, strlen(buf));
av_freep(&buf);
need_coma = 1;
}
if ((ret = av_opt_serialize(ctx, 0, SKIP_DEFAULTS | OPT_FLAGS_EXACT, &buf, '=', ',')) < 0)
goto fail;
if (buf && strlen(buf)) {
if (need_coma)
avio_w8(tmp, ',');
avio_write(tmp, buf, strlen(buf));
}
av_freep(&buf);
avio_w8(tmp, 0);
write_header_chunk(pb, tmp, tag);
return 0;
fail:
av_free(buf);
ffio_free_dyn_buf(&tmp);
return ret;
#undef SKIP_DEFAULTS
#undef OPT_FLAGS_EXACT
#undef ENC
}
static int ffm_write_recommended_config(AVIOContext *pb, AVCodecContext *ctx, unsigned tag,
const char *configuration)
{
int ret;
const AVCodec *enc = ctx->codec ? ctx->codec : avcodec_find_encoder(ctx->codec_id);
AVIOContext *tmp;
AVDictionaryEntry *t = NULL;
AVDictionary *all = NULL, *comm = NULL, *prv = NULL;
char *buf = NULL;
if (!enc || !enc->priv_class || !enc->priv_data_size) {
/* codec is not known/has no private options, so save everything as common options */
if (avio_open_dyn_buf(&tmp) < 0)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
avio_put_str(tmp, configuration);
write_header_chunk(pb, tmp, tag);
return 0;
}
if ((ret = av_dict_parse_string(&all, configuration, "=", ",", 0)) < 0)
return ret;
while ((t = av_dict_get(all, "", t, AV_DICT_IGNORE_SUFFIX))) {
if (av_opt_find((void *)&enc->priv_class, t->key, NULL, 0, AV_OPT_SEARCH_FAKE_OBJ)) {
if ((ret = av_dict_set(&prv, t->key, t->value, 0)) < 0)
goto fail;
} else if ((ret = av_dict_set(&comm, t->key, t->value, 0)) < 0)
goto fail;
}
if (comm) {
if ((ret = av_dict_get_string(comm, &buf, '=', ',')) < 0 ||
(ret = avio_open_dyn_buf(&tmp)) < 0)
goto fail;
avio_put_str(tmp, buf);
av_freep(&buf);
write_header_chunk(pb, tmp, tag);
}
if (prv) {
if ((ret = av_dict_get_string(prv, &buf, '=', ',')) < 0 ||
(ret = avio_open_dyn_buf(&tmp)) < 0)
goto fail;
avio_put_str(tmp, buf);
write_header_chunk(pb, tmp, MKBETAG('C', 'P', 'R', 'V'));
}
fail:
av_free(buf);
av_dict_free(&all);
av_dict_free(&comm);
av_dict_free(&prv);
return ret;
}
static int ffm_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
FFMContext *ffm = s->priv_data;
AVDictionaryEntry *t;
AVStream *st;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVCodecContext *codec;
int bit_rate, i, ret;
if (t = av_dict_get(s->metadata, "creation_time", NULL, 0)) {
ret = av_parse_time(&ffm->start_time, t->value, 0);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
}
ffm->packet_size = FFM_PACKET_SIZE;
/* header */
avio_wl32(pb, MKTAG('F', 'F', 'M', '2'));
avio_wb32(pb, ffm->packet_size);
avio_wb64(pb, 0); /* current write position */
if(avio_open_dyn_buf(&pb) < 0)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
avio_wb32(pb, s->nb_streams);
bit_rate = 0;
for(i=0;i<s->nb_streams;i++) {
st = s->streams[i];
bit_rate += st->codec->bit_rate;
}
avio_wb32(pb, bit_rate);
write_header_chunk(s->pb, pb, MKBETAG('M', 'A', 'I', 'N'));
/* list of streams */
for(i=0;i<s->nb_streams;i++) {
st = s->streams[i];
avpriv_set_pts_info(st, 64, 1, 1000000);
if(avio_open_dyn_buf(&pb) < 0)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
codec = st->codec;
/* generic info */
avio_wb32(pb, codec->codec_id);
avio_w8(pb, codec->codec_type);
avio_wb32(pb, codec->bit_rate);
avio_wb32(pb, codec->flags);
avio_wb32(pb, codec->flags2);
avio_wb32(pb, codec->debug);
if (codec->flags & CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER) {
avio_wb32(pb, codec->extradata_size);
avio_write(pb, codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size);
}
write_header_chunk(s->pb, pb, MKBETAG('C', 'O', 'M', 'M'));
/* specific info */
switch(codec->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
if (st->recommended_encoder_configuration) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "writing recommended configuration: %s\n",
st->recommended_encoder_configuration);
if ((ret = ffm_write_recommended_config(s->pb, codec, MKBETAG('S', '2', 'V', 'I'),
st->recommended_encoder_configuration)) < 0)
return ret;
} else if ((ret = ffm_write_header_codec_ctx(s->pb, codec, MKBETAG('S', '2', 'V', 'I'), AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM)) < 0 ||
(ret = ffm_write_header_codec_private_ctx(s, codec, AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM)) < 0)
return ret;
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
if (st->recommended_encoder_configuration) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "writing recommended configuration: %s\n",
st->recommended_encoder_configuration);
if ((ret = ffm_write_recommended_config(s->pb, codec, MKBETAG('S', '2', 'A', 'U'),
st->recommended_encoder_configuration)) < 0)
return ret;
} else if ((ret = ffm_write_header_codec_ctx(s->pb, codec, MKBETAG('S', '2', 'A', 'U'), AV_OPT_FLAG_AUDIO_PARAM)) < 0 ||
(ret = ffm_write_header_codec_private_ctx(s, codec, AV_OPT_FLAG_AUDIO_PARAM)) < 0)
return ret;
break;
default:
return -1;
}
}
pb = s->pb;
avio_wb64(pb, 0); // end of header
/* flush until end of block reached */
while ((avio_tell(pb) % ffm->packet_size) != 0)
avio_w8(pb, 0);
avio_flush(pb);
/* init packet mux */
ffm->packet_ptr = ffm->packet;
ffm->packet_end = ffm->packet + ffm->packet_size - FFM_HEADER_SIZE;
av_assert0(ffm->packet_end >= ffm->packet);
ffm->frame_offset = 0;
ffm->dts = 0;
ffm->first_packet = 1;
return 0;
}
static int ffm_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
FFMContext *ffm = s->priv_data;
int64_t dts;
uint8_t header[FRAME_HEADER_SIZE+4];
int header_size = FRAME_HEADER_SIZE;
dts = ffm->start_time + pkt->dts;
/* packet size & key_frame */
header[0] = pkt->stream_index;
header[1] = 0;
if (pkt->flags & AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY)
header[1] |= FLAG_KEY_FRAME;
AV_WB24(header+2, pkt->size);
AV_WB24(header+5, pkt->duration);
AV_WB64(header+8, ffm->start_time + pkt->pts);
if (pkt->pts != pkt->dts) {
header[1] |= FLAG_DTS;
AV_WB32(header+16, pkt->pts - pkt->dts);
header_size += 4;
}
ffm_write_data(s, header, header_size, dts, 1);
ffm_write_data(s, pkt->data, pkt->size, dts, 0);
return 0;
}
static int ffm_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
FFMContext *ffm = s->priv_data;
/* flush packets */
if (ffm->packet_ptr > ffm->packet)
flush_packet(s);
return 0;
}
AVOutputFormat ff_ffm_muxer = {
.name = "ffm",
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("FFM (FFserver live feed)"),
.extensions = "ffm",
.priv_data_size = sizeof(FFMContext),
.audio_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_MP2,
.video_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO,
.write_header = ffm_write_header,
.write_packet = ffm_write_packet,
.write_trailer = ffm_write_trailer,
.flags = AVFMT_TS_NEGATIVE,
};