A Ruby wrapper for the Twitter REST and Search APIs
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The Twitter Ruby Gem Build Status Dependency Status

A Ruby wrapper for the Twitter API.


gem install twitter

Looking for the Twitter command-line interface? It was removed from this gem in version 0.5.0 and now is maintained as a separate project:

gem install t



Follow @gem on Twitter

You should follow @gem on Twitter for announcements and updates about this library.

Mailing List

Please direct questions about the library to the mailing list.

Apps Wiki

Does your project or organization use this gem? Add it to the apps wiki!

What's new in version 3?

The Active Support dependency has been removed!

The following methods now accept multiple users or ids as arguments and return arrays:

Twitter::Client#accept                  Twitter::Client#enable_notifications    Twitter::Client#saved_search_destroy
Twitter::Client#block                   Twitter::Client#favorite                Twitter::Client#status_destroy
Twitter::Client#deny                    Twitter::Client#follow                  Twitter::Client#unblock
Twitter::Client#direct_message_destroy  Twitter::Client#report_spam             Twitter::Client#unfavorite
Twitter::Client#disable_notifications   Twitter::Client#retweet                 Twitter::Client#unfollow

Whenever more than one user or id is passed to any of these methods, HTTP requests are made in parallel using multiple threads, resulting in dramatically better performance than calling these methods multiple times in serial.

The Twitter::Client#direct_messages method has been renamed to Twitter::Client#direct_messages_received.

Additionally, the Twitter::Client#follow method now checks to make sure the user isn't already being followed. If you don't wish to perform that check (which does require an extra HTTP request), you can use the new Twitter::Client#follow! method instead. Note: This may re-send an email notification to the user, even if they are already being followed.

This version introduces an identity map, which ensures that the same objects only get initialized once:

Twitter.user("sferik").object_id == Twitter.user("sferik").object_id #=> true

(In all previous versions of this gem, this statement would have returned false.)

The Twitter::Client#search now returns a Twitter::SearchResult object, which contains metadata and a results array. In the previous major version, this method returned an array of Twitter::Status objects, which is now accessible by sending the results message to a Twitter::SearchResults object.

# Version 2
Twitter::Client.search("query").each do |status|
  puts status.full_text

# Version 3
Twitter::Client.search("query").results.each do |status|
  puts status.full_text

The Twitter::Status#expanded_urls method has been removed. Use Twitter::Status#urls instead.

Support for API proxies via gateway configuration has been removed. This still be implemented by inserting custom Faraday middleware.

The Twitter::Error::EnhanceYourCalm class has been removed, since all Search API requests are made via api.twitter.com, which does not return HTTP 420. When you hit your rate limit, Twitter returns HTTP 400, which raises a Twitter::Error::BadRequest.


You can improve performance by preloading a faster JSON parsing library. By default, JSON will be parsed with okjson. For faster JSON parsing, we recommend Oj.

Usage Examples

Return @sferik's location


Return @sferik's most recent Tweet


Return the text of the Tweet at https://twitter.com/sferik/statuses/27558893223


Find the 3 most recent marriage proposals to @justinbieber

Twitter.search("to:justinbieber marry me", :rpp => 3, :result_type => "recent").results.map do |status|
  "#{status.from_user}: #{status.text}"

Let's find a Japanese-language Tweet tagged #ruby (no retweets)

Twitter.search("#ruby -rt", :lang => "ja", :rpp => 1).results.first.text

Certain methods require authentication. To get your Twitter OAuth credentials, register an app at http://dev.twitter.com/apps

Twitter.configure do |config|
  config.consumer_key = YOUR_CONSUMER_KEY
  config.consumer_secret = YOUR_CONSUMER_SECRET
  config.oauth_token = YOUR_OAUTH_TOKEN
  config.oauth_token_secret = YOUR_OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET

Update your status

Twitter.update("I'm tweeting with @gem!")

Read the most recent Tweet in your timeline


Get your rate limit status

rate_limit_status = Twitter.rate_limit_status
"#{rate_limit_status.remaining_hits} Twitter API request(s) remaining for the next #{((rate_limit_status.reset_time - Time.now) / 60).floor} minutes and #{((rate_limit_status.reset_time - Time.now) % 60).round} seconds"


In the spirit of free software, everyone is encouraged to help improve this project.

Here are some ways you can contribute:

  • by using alpha, beta, and prerelease versions
  • by reporting bugs
  • by suggesting new features
  • by writing or editing documentation
  • by writing specifications
  • by writing code (no patch is too small: fix typos, add comments, clean up inconsistent whitespace)
  • by refactoring code
  • by fixing issues
  • by reviewing patches

Submitting an Issue

We use the GitHub issue tracker to track bugs and features. Before submitting a bug report or feature request, check to make sure it hasn't already been submitted. When submitting a bug report, please include a Gist that includes a stack trace and any details that may be necessary to reproduce the bug, including your gem version, Ruby version, and operating system. Ideally, a bug report should include a pull request with failing specs.

Submitting a Pull Request

  1. Fork the repository.
  2. Create a topic branch.
  3. Add specs for your unimplemented feature or bug fix.
  4. Run bundle exec rake spec. If your specs pass, return to step 3.
  5. Implement your feature or bug fix.
  6. Run bundle exec rake spec. If your specs fail, return to step 5.
  7. Run open coverage/index.html. If your changes are not completely covered by your tests, return to step 3.
  8. Add documentation for your feature or bug fix.
  9. Run bundle exec rake yard. If your changes are not 100% documented, go back to step 8.
  10. Add, commit, and push your changes.
  11. Submit a pull request.

Supported Ruby Versions

This library aims to support and is tested against the following Ruby implementations:

If something doesn't work on one of these interpreters, it should be considered a bug.

This library may inadvertently work (or seem to work) on other Ruby implementations, however support will only be provided for the versions listed above.

If you would like this library to support another Ruby version, you may volunteer to be a maintainer. Being a maintainer entails making sure all tests run and pass on that implementation. When something breaks on your implementation, you will be personally responsible for providing patches in a timely fashion. If critical issues for a particular implementation exist at the time of a major release, support for that Ruby version may be dropped.


Copyright (c) 2011 John Nunemaker, Wynn Netherland, Erik Michaels-Ober, Steve Richert. See LICENSE for details.