Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Elsa: Checkpoint, Restore, and Migration for JupyterHub


This is a functional prototype of (per-user) checkpoint, restore, and live migration capabilities for JupyterHub platforms. Checkpointing -- the ability to freeze and suspend to disk the running state (contents of memory, registers, open files, etc.) of a set of processes -- enables the system to snapshot a user's Jupyter session to permanent storage. The restore functionality brings a checkpointed session back to a running state, to continue where it left off at a later time and potentially on a different machine. Finally, live migration enables moving running Jupyter notebook servers between different machines, transparent to the analysis code and w/o disconnecting the user.

Our implementation of these capabilities works at the system level, with few limitations, and typical checkpoint/restore times of O(10s) with a pathway to O(1s) live migrations.

It opens a myriad of interesting use cases, especially for cloud-based deployments: from checkpointing idle sessions w/o interruption of the user's work (achieving cost reductions of 4x or more), execution on spot instances w. transparent migration on eviction (with cost reductions up to 3x), to automated migration of workloads to ideally suited instances (e.g. moving an analysis to a machine with more or less RAM or cores based on observed resource utilization). The capabilities this project demonstrates can make science platforms fully elastic and scalable while retaining excellent user experience.

Code status

This is beta-level code in terms of features and stability, with pre-alpha level of code cleanliness, organization, and documentation. We hope this will change quickly (in a few weeks time).

If you want to try it out yourself, please contact the authors (e.g., open an issue) and we'll gelp you get started.

We also have a running instance at:

If you're interested in trying it out, open an Issue with a subject “Test Drive: ...short description...”, and describe what you’d be interested in trying.


Elsa: Checkpoint, Restore, and Migration for JupyterHub







No releases published


No packages published