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"""
A custom manager for working with trees of objects.
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import contextlib
from itertools import groupby
from django.db import models, connections, router
from django.db.models import F, ManyToManyField, Max, Q
from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _
from mptt.exceptions import CantDisableUpdates, InvalidMove
from mptt.querysets import TreeQuerySet
from mptt.utils import _get_tree_model
from mptt.signals import node_moved
__all__ = ('TreeManager',)
COUNT_SUBQUERY = """(
SELECT COUNT(*)
FROM %(rel_table)s
WHERE %(mptt_fk)s = %(mptt_table)s.%(mptt_rel_to)s
)"""
CUMULATIVE_COUNT_SUBQUERY = """(
SELECT COUNT(*)
FROM %(rel_table)s
WHERE %(mptt_fk)s IN
(
SELECT m2.%(mptt_rel_to)s
FROM %(mptt_table)s m2
WHERE m2.%(tree_id)s = %(mptt_table)s.%(tree_id)s
AND m2.%(left)s BETWEEN %(mptt_table)s.%(left)s
AND %(mptt_table)s.%(right)s
)
)"""
COUNT_SUBQUERY_M2M = """(
SELECT COUNT(*)
FROM %(rel_table)s j
INNER JOIN %(rel_m2m_table)s k ON j.%(rel_pk)s = k.%(rel_m2m_column)s
WHERE k.%(mptt_fk)s = %(mptt_table)s.%(mptt_pk)s
)"""
CUMULATIVE_COUNT_SUBQUERY_M2M = """(
SELECT COUNT(*)
FROM %(rel_table)s j
INNER JOIN %(rel_m2m_table)s k ON j.%(rel_pk)s = k.%(rel_m2m_column)s
WHERE k.%(mptt_fk)s IN
(
SELECT m2.%(mptt_pk)s
FROM %(mptt_table)s m2
WHERE m2.%(tree_id)s = %(mptt_table)s.%(tree_id)s
AND m2.%(left)s BETWEEN %(mptt_table)s.%(left)s
AND %(mptt_table)s.%(right)s
)
)"""
class TreeManager(models.Manager.from_queryset(TreeQuerySet)):
"""
A manager for working with trees of objects.
"""
def contribute_to_class(self, model, name):
super(TreeManager, self).contribute_to_class(model, name)
if not model._meta.abstract:
self.tree_model = _get_tree_model(model)
self._base_manager = None
if self.tree_model is not model:
# _base_manager is the treemanager on tree_model
self._base_manager = self.tree_model._tree_manager
def get_queryset(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Ensures that this manager always returns nodes in tree order.
"""
return super(TreeManager, self).get_queryset(
*args, **kwargs
).order_by(
self.tree_id_attr, self.left_attr
)
def _get_queryset_relatives(self, queryset, direction, include_self):
"""
Returns a queryset containing either the descendants
``direction == desc`` or the ancestors ``direction == asc`` of a given
queryset.
This function is not meant to be called directly, although there is no
harm in doing so.
Instead, it should be used via ``get_queryset_descendants()`` and/or
``get_queryset_ancestors()``.
This function works by grouping contiguous siblings and using them to create
a range that selects all nodes between the range, instead of querying for each
node individually. Three variables are required when querying for ancestors or
descendants: tree_id_attr, left_attr, right_attr. If we weren't using ranges
and our queryset contained 100 results, the resulting SQL query would contain
300 variables. However, when using ranges, if the same queryset contained 10
sets of contiguous siblings, then the resulting SQL query should only contain
30 variables.
The attributes used to create the range are completely
dependent upon whether you are ascending or descending the tree.
* Ascending (ancestor nodes): select all nodes whose right_attr is greater
than (or equal to, if include_self = True) the smallest right_attr within
the set of contiguous siblings, and whose left_attr is less than (or equal
to) the largest left_attr within the set of contiguous siblings.
* Descending (descendant nodes): select all nodes whose left_attr is greater
than (or equal to, if include_self = True) the smallest left_attr within
the set of contiguous siblings, and whose right_attr is less than (or equal
to) the largest right_attr within the set of contiguous siblings.
The result is the more contiguous siblings in the original queryset, the fewer
SQL variables will be required to execute the query.
"""
assert self.model is queryset.model
opts = queryset.model._mptt_meta
filters = Q()
e = 'e' if include_self else ''
max_op = 'lt' + e
min_op = 'gt' + e
if direction == 'asc':
max_attr = opts.left_attr
min_attr = opts.right_attr
elif direction == 'desc':
max_attr = opts.right_attr
min_attr = opts.left_attr
tree_key = opts.tree_id_attr
min_key = '%s__%s' % (min_attr, min_op)
max_key = '%s__%s' % (max_attr, max_op)
q = queryset.order_by(opts.tree_id_attr, opts.parent_attr, opts.left_attr).only(
opts.tree_id_attr,
opts.left_attr,
opts.right_attr,
min_attr,
max_attr,
opts.parent_attr,
# These fields are used by MPTTModel.update_mptt_cached_fields()
*opts.order_insertion_by
)
if not q:
return self.none()
for group in groupby(
q,
key=lambda n: (
getattr(n, opts.tree_id_attr),
getattr(n, opts.parent_attr + '_id'),
)):
next_lft = None
for node in list(group[1]):
tree, lft, rght, min_val, max_val = (getattr(node, opts.tree_id_attr),
getattr(node, opts.left_attr),
getattr(node, opts.right_attr),
getattr(node, min_attr),
getattr(node, max_attr))
if next_lft is None:
next_lft = rght + 1
min_max = {'min': min_val, 'max': max_val}
elif lft == next_lft:
if min_val < min_max['min']:
min_max['min'] = min_val
if max_val > min_max['max']:
min_max['max'] = max_val
next_lft = rght + 1
elif lft != next_lft:
filters |= Q(**{
tree_key: tree,
min_key: min_max['min'],
max_key: min_max['max'],
})
min_max = {'min': min_val, 'max': max_val}
next_lft = rght + 1
filters |= Q(**{
tree_key: tree,
min_key: min_max['min'],
max_key: min_max['max'],
})
return self.filter(filters)
def get_queryset_descendants(self, queryset, include_self=False):
"""
Returns a queryset containing the descendants of all nodes in the
given queryset.
If ``include_self=True``, nodes in ``queryset`` will also
be included in the result.
"""
return self._get_queryset_relatives(queryset, 'desc', include_self)
def get_queryset_ancestors(self, queryset, include_self=False):
"""
Returns a queryset containing the ancestors
of all nodes in the given queryset.
If ``include_self=True``, nodes in ``queryset`` will also
be included in the result.
"""
return self._get_queryset_relatives(queryset, 'asc', include_self)
@contextlib.contextmanager
def disable_mptt_updates(self):
"""
Context manager. Disables mptt updates.
NOTE that this context manager causes inconsistencies! MPTT model
methods are not guaranteed to return the correct results.
When to use this method:
If used correctly, this method can be used to speed up bulk
updates.
This doesn't do anything clever. It *will* mess up your tree. You
should follow this method with a call to ``TreeManager.rebuild()``
to ensure your tree stays sane, and you should wrap both calls in a
transaction.
This is best for updates that span a large part of the table. If
you are doing localised changes (one tree, or a few trees) consider
using ``delay_mptt_updates``.
If you are making only minor changes to your tree, just let the
updates happen.
Transactions:
This doesn't enforce any transactional behavior. You should wrap
this in a transaction to ensure database consistency.
If updates are already disabled on the model, this is a noop.
Usage::
with transaction.atomic():
with MyNode.objects.disable_mptt_updates():
## bulk updates.
MyNode.objects.rebuild()
"""
# Error cases:
if self.model._meta.abstract:
# an abstract model. Design decision needed - do we disable
# updates for all concrete models that derive from this model? I
# vote no - that's a bit implicit and it's a weird use-case
# anyway. Open to further discussion :)
raise CantDisableUpdates(
"You can't disable/delay mptt updates on %s,"
" it's an abstract model" % self.model.__name__
)
elif self.model._meta.proxy:
# a proxy model. disabling updates would implicitly affect other
# models using the db table. Caller should call this on the
# manager for the concrete model instead, to make the behavior
# explicit.
raise CantDisableUpdates(
"You can't disable/delay mptt updates on %s, it's a proxy"
" model. Call the concrete model instead."
% self.model.__name__
)
elif self.tree_model is not self.model:
# a multiple-inheritance child of an MPTTModel. Disabling
# updates may affect instances of other models in the tree.
raise CantDisableUpdates(
"You can't disable/delay mptt updates on %s, it doesn't"
" contain the mptt fields."
% self.model.__name__
)
if not self.model._mptt_updates_enabled:
# already disabled, noop.
yield
else:
self.model._set_mptt_updates_enabled(False)
try:
yield
finally:
self.model._set_mptt_updates_enabled(True)
@contextlib.contextmanager
def delay_mptt_updates(self):
"""
Context manager. Delays mptt updates until the end of a block of bulk
processing.
NOTE that this context manager causes inconsistencies! MPTT model
methods are not guaranteed to return the correct results until the end
of the context block.
When to use this method:
If used correctly, this method can be used to speed up bulk
updates. This is best for updates in a localised area of the db
table, especially if all the updates happen in a single tree and
the rest of the forest is left untouched. No subsequent rebuild is
necessary.
``delay_mptt_updates`` does a partial rebuild of the modified trees
(not the whole table). If used indiscriminately, this can actually
be much slower than just letting the updates occur when they're
required.
The worst case occurs when every tree in the table is modified just
once. That results in a full rebuild of the table, which can be
*very* slow.
If your updates will modify most of the trees in the table (not a
small number of trees), you should consider using
``TreeManager.disable_mptt_updates``, as it does much fewer
queries.
Transactions:
This doesn't enforce any transactional behavior. You should wrap
this in a transaction to ensure database consistency.
Exceptions:
If an exception occurs before the processing of the block, delayed
updates will not be applied.
Usage::
with transaction.atomic():
with MyNode.objects.delay_mptt_updates():
## bulk updates.
"""
with self.disable_mptt_updates():
if self.model._mptt_is_tracking:
# already tracking, noop.
yield
else:
self.model._mptt_start_tracking()
try:
yield
except Exception:
# stop tracking, but discard results
self.model._mptt_stop_tracking()
raise
results = self.model._mptt_stop_tracking()
partial_rebuild = self.partial_rebuild
for tree_id in results:
partial_rebuild(tree_id)
@property
def parent_attr(self):
return self.model._mptt_meta.parent_attr
@property
def left_attr(self):
return self.model._mptt_meta.left_attr
@property
def right_attr(self):
return self.model._mptt_meta.right_attr
@property
def tree_id_attr(self):
return self.model._mptt_meta.tree_id_attr
@property
def level_attr(self):
return self.model._mptt_meta.level_attr
def _translate_lookups(self, **lookups):
new_lookups = {}
join_parts = '__'.join
for k, v in lookups.items():
parts = k.split('__')
new_parts = []
new_parts__append = new_parts.append
for part in parts:
new_parts__append(getattr(self, part + '_attr', part))
new_lookups[join_parts(new_parts)] = v
return new_lookups
def _mptt_filter(self, qs=None, **filters):
"""
Like ``self.filter()``, but translates name-agnostic filters for MPTT
fields.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager._mptt_filter(qs=qs, **filters)
if qs is None:
qs = self
return qs.filter(**self._translate_lookups(**filters))
def _mptt_update(self, qs=None, **items):
"""
Like ``self.update()``, but translates name-agnostic MPTT fields.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager._mptt_update(qs=qs, **items)
if qs is None:
qs = self
return qs.update(**self._translate_lookups(**items))
def _get_connection(self, **hints):
return connections[router.db_for_write(self.model, **hints)]
def add_related_count(self, queryset, rel_model, rel_field, count_attr,
cumulative=False):
"""
Adds a related item count to a given ``QuerySet`` using its
``extra`` method, for a ``Model`` class which has a relation to
this ``Manager``'s ``Model`` class.
Arguments:
``rel_model``
A ``Model`` class which has a relation to this `Manager``'s
``Model`` class.
``rel_field``
The name of the field in ``rel_model`` which holds the
relation.
``count_attr``
The name of an attribute which should be added to each item in
this ``QuerySet``, containing a count of how many instances
of ``rel_model`` are related to it through ``rel_field``.
``cumulative``
If ``True``, the count will be for each item and all of its
descendants, otherwise it will be for each item itself.
"""
connection = self._get_connection()
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
meta = self.model._meta
mptt_field = rel_model._meta.get_field(rel_field)
if isinstance(mptt_field, ManyToManyField):
if cumulative:
subquery = CUMULATIVE_COUNT_SUBQUERY_M2M % {
'rel_table': qn(rel_model._meta.db_table),
'rel_pk': qn(rel_model._meta.pk.column),
'rel_m2m_table': qn(mptt_field.m2m_db_table()),
'rel_m2m_column': qn(mptt_field.m2m_column_name()),
'mptt_fk': qn(mptt_field.m2m_reverse_name()),
'mptt_table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_pk': qn(meta.pk.column),
'tree_id': qn(meta.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
'left': qn(meta.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'right': qn(meta.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
}
else:
subquery = COUNT_SUBQUERY_M2M % {
'rel_table': qn(rel_model._meta.db_table),
'rel_pk': qn(rel_model._meta.pk.column),
'rel_m2m_table': qn(mptt_field.m2m_db_table()),
'rel_m2m_column': qn(mptt_field.m2m_column_name()),
'mptt_fk': qn(mptt_field.m2m_reverse_name()),
'mptt_table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_pk': qn(meta.pk.column),
}
else:
if cumulative:
subquery = CUMULATIVE_COUNT_SUBQUERY % {
'rel_table': qn(rel_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_fk': qn(rel_model._meta.get_field(rel_field).column),
'mptt_table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_rel_to': qn(mptt_field.rel.field_name),
'tree_id': qn(meta.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
'left': qn(meta.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'right': qn(meta.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
}
else:
subquery = COUNT_SUBQUERY % {
'rel_table': qn(rel_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_fk': qn(rel_model._meta.get_field(rel_field).column),
'mptt_table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'mptt_rel_to': qn(mptt_field.rel.field_name),
}
return queryset.extra(select={count_attr: subquery})
def insert_node(self, node, target, position='last-child', save=False,
allow_existing_pk=False, refresh_target=True):
"""
Sets up the tree state for ``node`` (which has not yet been
inserted into in the database) so it will be positioned relative
to a given ``target`` node as specified by ``position`` (when
appropriate) it is inserted, with any neccessary space already
having been made for it.
A ``target`` of ``None`` indicates that ``node`` should be
the last root node.
If ``save`` is ``True``, ``node``'s ``save()`` method will be
called before it is returned.
NOTE: This is a low-level method; it does NOT respect
``MPTTMeta.order_insertion_by``. In most cases you should just
set the node's parent and let mptt call this during save.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager.insert_node(
node, target, position=position, save=save, allow_existing_pk=allow_existing_pk)
if node.pk and not allow_existing_pk and self.filter(pk=node.pk).exists():
raise ValueError(_('Cannot insert a node which has already been saved.'))
if target is None:
tree_id = self._get_next_tree_id()
setattr(node, self.left_attr, 1)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, 2)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, 0)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, None)
elif target.is_root_node() and position in ['left', 'right']:
if refresh_target:
# Ensure mptt values on target are not stale.
target._mptt_refresh()
target_tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
if position == 'left':
tree_id = target_tree_id
space_target = target_tree_id - 1
else:
tree_id = target_tree_id + 1
space_target = target_tree_id
self._create_tree_space(space_target)
setattr(node, self.left_attr, 1)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, 2)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, 0)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, None)
else:
setattr(node, self.left_attr, 0)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, 0)
if refresh_target:
# Ensure mptt values on target are not stale.
target._mptt_refresh()
space_target, level, left, parent, right_shift = \
self._calculate_inter_tree_move_values(node, target, position)
tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
self._create_space(2, space_target, tree_id)
setattr(node, self.left_attr, -left)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, -left + 1)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, -level)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, parent)
if parent:
self._post_insert_update_cached_parent_right(parent, right_shift)
if save:
node.save()
return node
def _move_node(self, node, target, position='last-child', save=True, refresh_target=True):
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager._move_node(node, target, position=position,
save=save, refresh_target=refresh_target)
if self.tree_model._mptt_is_tracking:
# delegate to insert_node and clean up the gaps later.
return self.insert_node(node, target, position=position, save=save,
allow_existing_pk=True, refresh_target=refresh_target)
else:
if target is None:
if node.is_child_node():
self._make_child_root_node(node)
elif target.is_root_node() and position in ('left', 'right'):
self._make_sibling_of_root_node(node, target, position)
else:
if node.is_root_node():
self._move_root_node(node, target, position)
else:
self._move_child_node(node, target, position)
def move_node(self, node, target, position='last-child'):
"""
Moves ``node`` relative to a given ``target`` node as specified
by ``position`` (when appropriate), by examining both nodes and
calling the appropriate method to perform the move.
A ``target`` of ``None`` indicates that ``node`` should be
turned into a root node.
Valid values for ``position`` are ``'first-child'``,
``'last-child'``, ``'left'`` or ``'right'``.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
This method explicitly checks for ``node`` being made a sibling
of a root node, as this is a special case due to our use of tree
ids to order root nodes.
NOTE: This is a low-level method; it does NOT respect
``MPTTMeta.order_insertion_by``. In most cases you should just
move the node yourself by setting node.parent.
"""
self._move_node(node, target, position=position)
node_moved.send(sender=node.__class__, instance=node,
target=target, position=position)
def root_node(self, tree_id):
"""
Returns the root node of the tree with the given id.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager.root_node(tree_id)
return self._mptt_filter(tree_id=tree_id, parent=None).get()
def root_nodes(self):
"""
Creates a ``QuerySet`` containing root nodes.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager.root_nodes()
return self._mptt_filter(parent=None)
def rebuild(self):
"""
Rebuilds all trees in the database table using `parent` link.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager.rebuild()
opts = self.model._mptt_meta
qs = self._mptt_filter(parent=None)
if opts.order_insertion_by:
qs = qs.order_by(*opts.order_insertion_by)
pks = qs.values_list('pk', flat=True)
rebuild_helper = self._rebuild_helper
idx = 0
for pk in pks:
idx += 1
rebuild_helper(pk, 1, idx)
rebuild.alters_data = True
def partial_rebuild(self, tree_id):
"""
Partially rebuilds a tree i.e. It rebuilds only the tree with given
``tree_id`` in database table using ``parent`` link.
"""
if self._base_manager:
return self._base_manager.partial_rebuild(tree_id)
opts = self.model._mptt_meta
qs = self._mptt_filter(parent=None, tree_id=tree_id)
if opts.order_insertion_by:
qs = qs.order_by(*opts.order_insertion_by)
pks = qs.values_list('pk', flat=True)
if not pks:
return
if len(pks) > 1:
raise RuntimeError(
"More than one root node with tree_id %d. That's invalid,"
" do a full rebuild." % tree_id)
self._rebuild_helper(pks[0], 1, tree_id)
def _rebuild_helper(self, pk, left, tree_id, level=0):
opts = self.model._mptt_meta
right = left + 1
qs = self._mptt_filter(parent__pk=pk)
if opts.order_insertion_by:
qs = qs.order_by(*opts.order_insertion_by)
child_ids = qs.values_list('pk', flat=True)
rebuild_helper = self._rebuild_helper
for child_id in child_ids:
right = rebuild_helper(child_id, right, tree_id, level + 1)
qs = self.model._default_manager.filter(pk=pk)
self._mptt_update(
qs,
left=left,
right=right,
level=level,
tree_id=tree_id
)
return right + 1
def _post_insert_update_cached_parent_right(self, instance, right_shift, seen=None):
setattr(instance, self.right_attr, getattr(instance, self.right_attr) + right_shift)
attr = '_%s_cache' % self.parent_attr
if hasattr(instance, attr):
parent = getattr(instance, attr)
if parent:
if not seen:
seen = set()
seen.add(instance)
if parent in seen:
# detect infinite recursion and throw an error
raise InvalidMove
self._post_insert_update_cached_parent_right(parent, right_shift, seen=seen)
def _calculate_inter_tree_move_values(self, node, target, position):
"""
Calculates values required when moving ``node`` relative to
``target`` as specified by ``position``.
"""
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
level = getattr(node, self.level_attr)
target_left = getattr(target, self.left_attr)
target_right = getattr(target, self.right_attr)
target_level = getattr(target, self.level_attr)
if position == 'last-child' or position == 'first-child':
if position == 'last-child':
space_target = target_right - 1
else:
space_target = target_left
level_change = level - target_level - 1
parent = target
elif position == 'left' or position == 'right':
if position == 'left':
space_target = target_left - 1
else:
space_target = target_right
level_change = level - target_level
parent = getattr(target, self.parent_attr)
else:
raise ValueError(_('An invalid position was given: %s.') % position)
left_right_change = left - space_target - 1
right_shift = 0
if parent:
right_shift = 2 * (node.get_descendant_count() + 1)
return space_target, level_change, left_right_change, parent, right_shift
def _close_gap(self, size, target, tree_id):
"""
Closes a gap of a certain ``size`` after the given ``target``
point in the tree identified by ``tree_id``.
"""
self._manage_space(-size, target, tree_id)
def _create_space(self, size, target, tree_id):
"""
Creates a space of a certain ``size`` after the given ``target``
point in the tree identified by ``tree_id``.
"""
self._manage_space(size, target, tree_id)
def _create_tree_space(self, target_tree_id, num_trees=1):
"""
Creates space for a new tree by incrementing all tree ids
greater than ``target_tree_id``.
"""
qs = self._mptt_filter(tree_id__gt=target_tree_id)
self._mptt_update(qs, tree_id=F(self.tree_id_attr) + num_trees)
self.tree_model._mptt_track_tree_insertions(target_tree_id + 1, num_trees)
def _get_next_tree_id(self):
"""
Determines the next largest unused tree id for the tree managed
by this manager.
"""
max_tree_id = list(self.aggregate(Max(self.tree_id_attr)).values())[0]
max_tree_id = max_tree_id or 0
return max_tree_id + 1
def _inter_tree_move_and_close_gap(
self, node, level_change,
left_right_change, new_tree_id, parent_pk=None):
"""
Removes ``node`` from its current tree, with the given set of
changes being applied to ``node`` and its descendants, closing
the gap left by moving ``node`` as it does so.
If ``parent_pk`` is ``None``, this indicates that ``node`` is
being moved to a brand new tree as its root node, and will thus
have its parent field set to ``NULL``. Otherwise, ``node`` will
have ``parent_pk`` set for its parent field.
"""
connection = self._get_connection(instance=node)
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
opts = self.model._meta
inter_tree_move_query = """
UPDATE %(table)s
SET %(level)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %(level)s - %%s
ELSE %(level)s END,
%(tree_id)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %%s
ELSE %(tree_id)s END,
%(left)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %(left)s - %%s
WHEN %(left)s > %%s
THEN %(left)s - %%s
ELSE %(left)s END,
%(right)s = CASE
WHEN %(right)s >= %%s AND %(right)s <= %%s
THEN %(right)s - %%s
WHEN %(right)s > %%s
THEN %(right)s - %%s
ELSE %(right)s END,
%(parent)s = CASE
WHEN %(pk)s = %%s
THEN %(new_parent)s
ELSE %(parent)s END
WHERE %(tree_id)s = %%s""" % {
'table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'level': qn(opts.get_field(self.level_attr).column),
'left': qn(opts.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'tree_id': qn(opts.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
'right': qn(opts.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
'parent': qn(opts.get_field(self.parent_attr).column),
'pk': qn(opts.pk.column),
'new_parent': parent_pk is None and 'NULL' or '%s',
}
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
right = getattr(node, self.right_attr)
gap_size = right - left + 1
gap_target_left = left - 1
params = [
left, right, level_change,
left, right, new_tree_id,
left, right, left_right_change,
gap_target_left, gap_size,
left, right, left_right_change,
gap_target_left, gap_size,
node.pk,
getattr(node, self.tree_id_attr)
]
if parent_pk is not None:
params.insert(-1, parent_pk)
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute(inter_tree_move_query, params)
def _make_child_root_node(self, node, new_tree_id=None):
"""
Removes ``node`` from its tree, making it the root node of a new
tree.
If ``new_tree_id`` is not specified a new tree id will be
generated.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
"""
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
right = getattr(node, self.right_attr)
level = getattr(node, self.level_attr)
if not new_tree_id:
new_tree_id = self._get_next_tree_id()
left_right_change = left - 1
self._inter_tree_move_and_close_gap(node, level, left_right_change, new_tree_id)
# Update the node to be consistent with the updated
# tree in the database.
setattr(node, self.left_attr, left - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, right - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, 0)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, new_tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, None)
node._mptt_cached_fields[self.parent_attr] = None
def _make_sibling_of_root_node(self, node, target, position):
"""
Moves ``node``, making it a sibling of the given ``target`` root
node as specified by ``position``.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
Since we use tree ids to reduce the number of rows affected by
tree mangement during insertion and deletion, root nodes are not
true siblings; thus, making an item a sibling of a root node is
a special case which involves shuffling tree ids around.
"""
if node == target:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a sibling of itself.'))
opts = self.model._meta
tree_id = getattr(node, self.tree_id_attr)
target_tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
if node.is_child_node():
if position == 'left':
space_target = target_tree_id - 1
new_tree_id = target_tree_id
elif position == 'right':
space_target = target_tree_id
new_tree_id = target_tree_id + 1
else:
raise ValueError(_('An invalid position was given: %s.') % position)
self._create_tree_space(space_target)
if tree_id > space_target:
# The node's tree id has been incremented in the
# database - this change must be reflected in the node
# object for the method call below to operate on the
# correct tree.
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, tree_id + 1)
self._make_child_root_node(node, new_tree_id)
else:
if position == 'left':
if target_tree_id > tree_id:
left_sibling = target.get_previous_sibling()
if node == left_sibling:
return
new_tree_id = getattr(left_sibling, self.tree_id_attr)
lower_bound, upper_bound = tree_id, new_tree_id
shift = -1
else:
new_tree_id = target_tree_id
lower_bound, upper_bound = new_tree_id, tree_id
shift = 1
elif position == 'right':
if target_tree_id > tree_id:
new_tree_id = target_tree_id
lower_bound, upper_bound = tree_id, target_tree_id
shift = -1
else:
right_sibling = target.get_next_sibling()
if node == right_sibling:
return
new_tree_id = getattr(right_sibling, self.tree_id_attr)
lower_bound, upper_bound = new_tree_id, tree_id
shift = 1
else:
raise ValueError(_('An invalid position was given: %s.') % position)
connection = self._get_connection(instance=node)
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
root_sibling_query = """
UPDATE %(table)s
SET %(tree_id)s = CASE
WHEN %(tree_id)s = %%s
THEN %%s
ELSE %(tree_id)s + %%s END
WHERE %(tree_id)s >= %%s AND %(tree_id)s <= %%s""" % {
'table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'tree_id': qn(opts.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
}
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute(root_sibling_query, [tree_id, new_tree_id, shift,
lower_bound, upper_bound])
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, new_tree_id)
def _manage_space(self, size, target, tree_id):
"""
Manages spaces in the tree identified by ``tree_id`` by changing
the values of the left and right columns by ``size`` after the
given ``target`` point.
"""
if self.tree_model._mptt_is_tracking:
self.tree_model._mptt_track_tree_modified(tree_id)
else:
connection = self._get_connection()
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
opts = self.model._meta
space_query = """
UPDATE %(table)s
SET %(left)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s > %%s
THEN %(left)s + %%s
ELSE %(left)s END,
%(right)s = CASE
WHEN %(right)s > %%s
THEN %(right)s + %%s
ELSE %(right)s END
WHERE %(tree_id)s = %%s
AND (%(left)s > %%s OR %(right)s > %%s)""" % {
'table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'left': qn(opts.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'right': qn(opts.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
'tree_id': qn(opts.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
}
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute(space_query, [target, size, target, size, tree_id,
target, target])
def _move_child_node(self, node, target, position):
"""
Calls the appropriate method to move child node ``node``
relative to the given ``target`` node as specified by
``position``.
"""
tree_id = getattr(node, self.tree_id_attr)
target_tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
if tree_id == target_tree_id:
self._move_child_within_tree(node, target, position)
else:
self._move_child_to_new_tree(node, target, position)
def _move_child_to_new_tree(self, node, target, position):
"""
Moves child node ``node`` to a different tree, inserting it
relative to the given ``target`` node in the new tree as
specified by ``position``.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
"""
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
right = getattr(node, self.right_attr)
level = getattr(node, self.level_attr)
new_tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
space_target, level_change, left_right_change, parent, new_parent_right = \
self._calculate_inter_tree_move_values(node, target, position)
tree_width = right - left + 1
# Make space for the subtree which will be moved
self._create_space(tree_width, space_target, new_tree_id)
# Move the subtree
self._inter_tree_move_and_close_gap(
node, level_change, left_right_change, new_tree_id, parent.pk)
# Update the node to be consistent with the updated
# tree in the database.
setattr(node, self.left_attr, left - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, right - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, level - level_change)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, new_tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, parent)
node._mptt_cached_fields[self.parent_attr] = parent.pk
def _move_child_within_tree(self, node, target, position):
"""
Moves child node ``node`` within its current tree relative to
the given ``target`` node as specified by ``position``.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
"""
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
right = getattr(node, self.right_attr)
level = getattr(node, self.level_attr)
width = right - left + 1
tree_id = getattr(node, self.tree_id_attr)
target_left = getattr(target, self.left_attr)
target_right = getattr(target, self.right_attr)
target_level = getattr(target, self.level_attr)
if position == 'last-child' or position == 'first-child':
if node == target:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a child of itself.'))
elif left < target_left < right:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a child of any of its descendants.'))
if position == 'last-child':
if target_right > right:
new_left = target_right - width
new_right = target_right - 1
else:
new_left = target_right
new_right = target_right + width - 1
else:
if target_left > left:
new_left = target_left - width + 1
new_right = target_left
else:
new_left = target_left + 1
new_right = target_left + width
level_change = level - target_level - 1
parent = target
elif position == 'left' or position == 'right':
if node == target:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a sibling of itself.'))
elif left < target_left < right:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a sibling of any of its descendants.'))
if position == 'left':
if target_left > left:
new_left = target_left - width
new_right = target_left - 1
else:
new_left = target_left
new_right = target_left + width - 1
else:
if target_right > right:
new_left = target_right - width + 1
new_right = target_right
else:
new_left = target_right + 1
new_right = target_right + width
level_change = level - target_level
parent = getattr(target, self.parent_attr)
else:
raise ValueError(_('An invalid position was given: %s.') % position)
left_boundary = min(left, new_left)
right_boundary = max(right, new_right)
left_right_change = new_left - left
gap_size = width
if left_right_change > 0:
gap_size = -gap_size
connection = self._get_connection(instance=node)
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
opts = self.model._meta
# The level update must come before the left update to keep
# MySQL happy - left seems to refer to the updated value
# immediately after its update has been specified in the query
# with MySQL, but not with SQLite or Postgres.
move_subtree_query = """
UPDATE %(table)s
SET %(level)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %(level)s - %%s
ELSE %(level)s END,
%(left)s = CASE
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %(left)s + %%s
WHEN %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
THEN %(left)s + %%s
ELSE %(left)s END,
%(right)s = CASE
WHEN %(right)s >= %%s AND %(right)s <= %%s
THEN %(right)s + %%s
WHEN %(right)s >= %%s AND %(right)s <= %%s
THEN %(right)s + %%s
ELSE %(right)s END,
%(parent)s = CASE
WHEN %(pk)s = %%s
THEN %%s
ELSE %(parent)s END
WHERE %(tree_id)s = %%s""" % {
'table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'level': qn(opts.get_field(self.level_attr).column),
'left': qn(opts.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'right': qn(opts.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
'parent': qn(opts.get_field(self.parent_attr).column),
'pk': qn(opts.pk.column),
'tree_id': qn(opts.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
}
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute(move_subtree_query, [
left, right, level_change,
left, right, left_right_change,
left_boundary, right_boundary, gap_size,
left, right, left_right_change,
left_boundary, right_boundary, gap_size,
node.pk, parent.pk,
tree_id])
# Update the node to be consistent with the updated
# tree in the database.
setattr(node, self.left_attr, new_left)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, new_right)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, level - level_change)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, parent)
node._mptt_cached_fields[self.parent_attr] = parent.pk
def _move_root_node(self, node, target, position):
"""
Moves root node``node`` to a different tree, inserting it
relative to the given ``target`` node as specified by
``position``.
``node`` will be modified to reflect its new tree state in the
database.
"""
left = getattr(node, self.left_attr)
right = getattr(node, self.right_attr)
level = getattr(node, self.level_attr)
tree_id = getattr(node, self.tree_id_attr)
new_tree_id = getattr(target, self.tree_id_attr)
width = right - left + 1
if node == target:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a child of itself.'))
elif tree_id == new_tree_id:
raise InvalidMove(_('A node may not be made a child of any of its descendants.'))
space_target, level_change, left_right_change, parent, right_shift = \
self._calculate_inter_tree_move_values(node, target, position)
# Create space for the tree which will be inserted
self._create_space(width, space_target, new_tree_id)
# Move the root node, making it a child node
connection = self._get_connection(instance=node)
qn = connection.ops.quote_name
opts = self.model._meta
move_tree_query = """
UPDATE %(table)s
SET %(level)s = %(level)s - %%s,
%(left)s = %(left)s - %%s,
%(right)s = %(right)s - %%s,
%(tree_id)s = %%s,
%(parent)s = CASE
WHEN %(pk)s = %%s
THEN %%s
ELSE %(parent)s END
WHERE %(left)s >= %%s AND %(left)s <= %%s
AND %(tree_id)s = %%s""" % {
'table': qn(self.tree_model._meta.db_table),
'level': qn(opts.get_field(self.level_attr).column),
'left': qn(opts.get_field(self.left_attr).column),
'right': qn(opts.get_field(self.right_attr).column),
'tree_id': qn(opts.get_field(self.tree_id_attr).column),
'parent': qn(opts.get_field(self.parent_attr).column),
'pk': qn(opts.pk.column),
}
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute(move_tree_query, [
level_change, left_right_change, left_right_change,
new_tree_id, node.pk, parent.pk, left, right, tree_id])
# Update the former root node to be consistent with the updated
# tree in the database.
setattr(node, self.left_attr, left - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.right_attr, right - left_right_change)
setattr(node, self.level_attr, level - level_change)
setattr(node, self.tree_id_attr, new_tree_id)
setattr(node, self.parent_attr, parent)
node._mptt_cached_fields[self.parent_attr] = parent.pk
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