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Template tags for working with lists of model instances which represent
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import warnings
from django import template
from django.apps import apps
get_model = apps.get_model
except ImportError: # pragma: no cover (Django 1.6 compatibility)
from django.db.models import get_model
from django.db.models.fields import FieldDoesNotExist
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
except ImportError: # pragma: no cover (Django 1.4 compatibility)
from django.utils.encoding import force_unicode as force_text
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _
from mptt.utils import tree_item_iterator, drilldown_tree_for_node
register = template.Library()
class FullTreeForModelNode(template.Node):
def __init__(self, model, context_var):
self.model = model
self.context_var = context_var
def render(self, context):
cls = get_model(*self.model.split('.'))
if cls is None:
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_('full_tree_for_model tag was given an invalid model: %s') % self.model
context[self.context_var] = cls._tree_manager.all()
return ''
class DrilldownTreeForNodeNode(template.Node):
def __init__(self, node, context_var, foreign_key=None, count_attr=None,
self.node = template.Variable(node)
self.context_var = context_var
self.foreign_key = foreign_key
self.count_attr = count_attr
self.cumulative = cumulative
def render(self, context):
# Let any VariableDoesNotExist raised bubble up
args = [self.node.resolve(context)]
if self.foreign_key is not None:
app_label, model_name, fk_attr = self.foreign_key.split('.')
cls = get_model(app_label, model_name)
if cls is None:
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_('drilldown_tree_for_node tag was given an invalid model: %s') %
'.'.join([app_label, model_name])
except FieldDoesNotExist:
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_('drilldown_tree_for_node tag was given an invalid model field: %s') % fk_attr
args.extend([cls, fk_attr, self.count_attr, self.cumulative])
context[self.context_var] = drilldown_tree_for_node(*args)
return ''
def full_tree_for_model(parser, token):
Populates a template variable with a ``QuerySet`` containing the
full tree for a given model.
{% full_tree_for_model [model] as [varname] %}
The model is specified in ``[appname].[modelname]`` format.
{% full_tree_for_model tests.Genre as genres %}
bits = token.contents.split()
if len(bits) != 4:
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(_('%s tag requires three arguments') % bits[0])
if bits[2] != 'as':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(_("second argument to %s tag must be 'as'") % bits[0])
return FullTreeForModelNode(bits[1], bits[3])
def do_drilldown_tree_for_node(parser, token):
Populates a template variable with the drilldown tree for a given
node, optionally counting the number of items associated with its
A drilldown tree consists of a node's ancestors, itself and its
immediate children. For example, a drilldown tree for a book
category "Personal Finance" might look something like::
Business, Finance & Law
Personal Finance
Budgeting (220)
Financial Planning (670)
{% drilldown_tree_for_node [node] as [varname] %}
Extended usage::
{% drilldown_tree_for_node [node] as [varname] count [foreign_key] in [count_attr] %}
{% drilldown_tree_for_node [node] as [varname] cumulative count [foreign_key] in [count_attr] %}
The foreign key is specified in ``[appname].[modelname].[fieldname]``
format, where ``fieldname`` is the name of a field in the specified
model which relates it to the given node's model.
When this form is used, a ``count_attr`` attribute on each child of
the given node in the drilldown tree will contain a count of the
number of items associated with it through the given foreign key.
If cumulative is also specified, this count will be for items
related to the child node and all of its descendants.
{% drilldown_tree_for_node genre as drilldown %}
{% drilldown_tree_for_node genre as drilldown count tests.Game.genre in game_count %}
{% drilldown_tree_for_node genre as drilldown cumulative count tests.Game.genre in game_count %}
""" # noqa
bits = token.contents.split()
len_bits = len(bits)
if len_bits not in (4, 8, 9):
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_('%s tag requires either three, seven or eight arguments') % bits[0])
if bits[2] != 'as':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("second argument to %s tag must be 'as'") % bits[0])
if len_bits == 8:
if bits[4] != 'count':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("if seven arguments are given, fourth argument to %s tag must be 'with'")
% bits[0])
if bits[6] != 'in':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("if seven arguments are given, sixth argument to %s tag must be 'in'")
% bits[0])
return DrilldownTreeForNodeNode(bits[1], bits[3], bits[5], bits[7])
elif len_bits == 9:
if bits[4] != 'cumulative':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("if eight arguments are given, fourth argument to %s tag must be 'cumulative'")
% bits[0])
if bits[5] != 'count':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("if eight arguments are given, fifth argument to %s tag must be 'count'")
% bits[0])
if bits[7] != 'in':
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(
_("if eight arguments are given, seventh argument to %s tag must be 'in'")
% bits[0])
return DrilldownTreeForNodeNode(bits[1], bits[3], bits[6], bits[8], cumulative=True)
return DrilldownTreeForNodeNode(bits[1], bits[3])
def tree_info(items, features=None):
Given a list of tree items, produces doubles of a tree item and a
``dict`` containing information about the tree structure around the
item, with the following contents:
``True`` if the current item is the start of a new level in
the tree, ``False`` otherwise.
A list of levels which end after the current item. This will
be an empty list if the next item is at the same level as the
current item.
Using this filter with unpacking in a ``{% for %}`` tag, you should
have enough information about the tree structure to create a
hierarchical representation of the tree.
{% for genre,structure in genres|tree_info %}
{% if structure.new_level %}<ul><li>{% else %}</li><li>{% endif %}
{{ }}
{% for level in structure.closed_levels %}</li></ul>{% endfor %}
{% endfor %}
kwargs = {}
if features:
feature_names = features.split(',')
if 'ancestors' in feature_names:
kwargs['ancestors'] = True
return tree_item_iterator(items, **kwargs)
def tree_path(items, separator=' :: '):
Creates a tree path represented by a list of ``items`` by joining
the items with a ``separator``.
Each path item will be coerced to unicode, so a list of model
instances may be given if required.
{{ some_list|tree_path }}
{{ some_node.get_ancestors|tree_path:" > " }}
return separator.join(force_text(i) for i in items)
def cache_tree_children(queryset):
Takes a list/queryset of model objects in MPTT left (depth-first) order,
caches the children on each node, as well as the parent of each child node,
allowing up and down traversal through the tree without the need for
further queries. This makes it possible to have a recursively included
template without worrying about database queries.
Returns a list of top-level nodes. If a single tree was provided in its
entirety, the list will of course consist of just the tree's root node.
current_path = []
top_nodes = []
# If ``queryset`` is QuerySet-like, set ordering to depth-first
if hasattr(queryset, 'order_by'):
mptt_opts = queryset.model._mptt_meta
tree_id_attr = mptt_opts.tree_id_attr
left_attr = mptt_opts.left_attr
if tuple(queryset.query.order_by) != (tree_id_attr, left_attr):
"cache_tree_children() was passed a queryset with the wrong ordering: %r.\n"
"This will cause an error in mptt 0.8."
) % (queryset.query.order_by,),
queryset = queryset.order_by(tree_id_attr, left_attr)
if queryset:
# Get the model's parent-attribute name
parent_attr = queryset[0]._mptt_meta.parent_attr
root_level = None
for obj in queryset:
# Get the current mptt node level
node_level = obj.get_level()
if root_level is None:
# First iteration, so set the root level to the top node level
root_level = node_level
if node_level < root_level:
# ``queryset`` was a list or other iterable (unable to order),
# and was provided in an order other than depth-first
raise ValueError(
_('Node %s not in depth-first order') % (type(queryset),)
# Set up the attribute on the node that will store cached children,
# which is used by ``MPTTModel.get_children``
obj._cached_children = []
# Remove nodes not in the current branch
while len(current_path) > node_level - root_level:
if node_level == root_level:
# Add the root to the list of top nodes, which will be returned
# Cache the parent on the current node, and attach the current
# node to the parent's list of children
_parent = current_path[-1]
setattr(obj, parent_attr, _parent)
if root_level == 0:
# get_ancestors() can use .parent.parent.parent...
setattr(obj, '_mptt_use_cached_ancestors', True)
# Add the current node to end of the current path - the last node
# in the current path is the parent for the next iteration, unless
# the next iteration is higher up the tree (a new branch), in which
# case the paths below it (e.g., this one) will be removed from the
# current path during the next iteration
return top_nodes
class RecurseTreeNode(template.Node):
def __init__(self, template_nodes, queryset_var):
self.template_nodes = template_nodes
self.queryset_var = queryset_var
def _render_node(self, context, node):
bits = []
for child in node.get_children():
bits.append(self._render_node(context, child))
context['node'] = node
context['children'] = mark_safe(''.join(bits))
rendered = self.template_nodes.render(context)
return rendered
def render(self, context):
queryset = self.queryset_var.resolve(context)
roots = cache_tree_children(queryset)
bits = [self._render_node(context, node) for node in roots]
return ''.join(bits)
def recursetree(parser, token):
Iterates over the nodes in the tree, and renders the contained block for each node.
This tag will recursively render children into the template variable {{ children }}.
Only one database query is required (children are cached for the whole tree)
{% recursetree nodes %}
{{ }}
{% if not node.is_leaf_node %}
{{ children }}
{% endif %}
{% endrecursetree %}
bits = token.contents.split()
if len(bits) != 2:
raise template.TemplateSyntaxError(_('%s tag requires a queryset') % bits[0])
queryset_var = template.Variable(bits[1])
template_nodes = parser.parse(('endrecursetree',))
return RecurseTreeNode(template_nodes, queryset_var)
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