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import re
from collections import OrderedDict
from django import forms
from django.core.exceptions import SuspiciousOperation
from django.forms import formsets
from django.shortcuts import redirect
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.decorators import classonlymethod
from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _
from django.views.generic import TemplateView
from .forms import ManagementForm
from .storage import get_storage
from .storage.exceptions import NoFileStorageConfigured
def normalize_name(name):
"""
Converts camel-case style names into underscore separated words. Example::
>>> normalize_name('oneTwoThree')
'one_two_three'
>>> normalize_name('FourFiveSix')
'four_five_six'
"""
new = re.sub('(((?<=[a-z])[A-Z])|([A-Z](?![A-Z]|$)))', '_\\1', name)
return new.lower().strip('_')
class StepsHelper(object):
def __init__(self, wizard):
self._wizard = wizard
def __dir__(self):
return self.all
def __len__(self):
return self.count
def __repr__(self):
return '<StepsHelper for %s (steps: %s)>' % (self._wizard, self.all)
@property
def all(self):
"Returns the names of all steps/forms."
return list(self._wizard.get_form_list())
@property
def count(self):
"Returns the total number of steps/forms in this the wizard."
return len(self.all)
@property
def current(self):
"""
Returns the current step. If no current step is stored in the
storage backend, the first step will be returned.
"""
return self._wizard.storage.current_step or self.first
@property
def first(self):
"Returns the name of the first step."
return self.all[0]
@property
def last(self):
"Returns the name of the last step."
return self.all[-1]
@property
def next(self):
"Returns the next step."
return self._wizard.get_next_step()
@property
def prev(self):
"Returns the previous step."
return self._wizard.get_prev_step()
@property
def index(self):
"Returns the index for the current step."
return self._wizard.get_step_index()
@property
def step0(self):
return int(self.index)
@property
def step1(self):
return int(self.index) + 1
class WizardView(TemplateView):
"""
The WizardView is used to create multi-page forms and handles all the
storage and validation stuff. The wizard is based on Django's generic
class based views.
"""
storage_name = None
form_list = None
initial_dict = None
instance_dict = None
condition_dict = None
template_name = 'formtools/wizard/wizard_form.html'
def __repr__(self):
return '<%s: forms: %s>' % (self.__class__.__name__, self.form_list)
@classonlymethod
def as_view(cls, *args, **kwargs):
"""
This method is used within urls.py to create unique wizardview
instances for every request. We need to override this method because
we add some kwargs which are needed to make the wizardview usable.
"""
initkwargs = cls.get_initkwargs(*args, **kwargs)
return super(WizardView, cls).as_view(**initkwargs)
@classmethod
def get_initkwargs(cls, form_list=None, initial_dict=None, instance_dict=None,
condition_dict=None, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Creates a dict with all needed parameters for the form wizard instances
* `form_list` - is a list of forms. The list entries can be single form
classes or tuples of (`step_name`, `form_class`). If you pass a list
of forms, the wizardview will convert the class list to
(`zero_based_counter`, `form_class`). This is needed to access the
form for a specific step.
* `initial_dict` - contains a dictionary of initial data dictionaries.
The key should be equal to the `step_name` in the `form_list` (or
the str of the zero based counter - if no step_names added in the
`form_list`)
* `instance_dict` - contains a dictionary whose values are model
instances if the step is based on a ``ModelForm`` and querysets if
the step is based on a ``ModelFormSet``. The key should be equal to
the `step_name` in the `form_list`. Same rules as for `initial_dict`
apply.
* `condition_dict` - contains a dictionary of boolean values or
callables. If the value of for a specific `step_name` is callable it
will be called with the wizardview instance as the only argument.
If the return value is true, the step's form will be used.
"""
kwargs.update({
'initial_dict': (
initial_dict or
kwargs.pop('initial_dict', getattr(cls, 'initial_dict', None)) or {}
),
'instance_dict': (
instance_dict or
kwargs.pop('instance_dict', getattr(cls, 'instance_dict', None)) or {}
),
'condition_dict': (
condition_dict or
kwargs.pop('condition_dict', getattr(cls, 'condition_dict', None)) or {}
)
})
form_list = form_list or kwargs.pop('form_list', getattr(cls, 'form_list', None)) or []
computed_form_list = OrderedDict()
assert len(form_list) > 0, 'at least one form is needed'
# walk through the passed form list
for i, form in enumerate(form_list):
if isinstance(form, (list, tuple)):
# if the element is a tuple, add the tuple to the new created
# sorted dictionary.
computed_form_list[six.text_type(form[0])] = form[1]
else:
# if not, add the form with a zero based counter as unicode
computed_form_list[six.text_type(i)] = form
# walk through the new created list of forms
for form in six.itervalues(computed_form_list):
if issubclass(form, formsets.BaseFormSet):
# if the element is based on BaseFormSet (FormSet/ModelFormSet)
# we need to override the form variable.
form = form.form
# check if any form contains a FileField, if yes, we need a
# file_storage added to the wizardview (by subclassing).
for field in six.itervalues(form.base_fields):
if (isinstance(field, forms.FileField) and
not hasattr(cls, 'file_storage')):
raise NoFileStorageConfigured(
"You need to define 'file_storage' in your "
"wizard view in order to handle file uploads."
)
# build the kwargs for the wizardview instances
kwargs['form_list'] = computed_form_list
return kwargs
def get_prefix(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
# TODO: Add some kind of unique id to prefix
return normalize_name(self.__class__.__name__)
def get_form_list(self):
"""
This method returns a form_list based on the initial form list but
checks if there is a condition method/value in the condition_list.
If an entry exists in the condition list, it will call/read the value
and respect the result. (True means add the form, False means ignore
the form)
The form_list is always generated on the fly because condition methods
could use data from other (maybe previous forms).
"""
form_list = OrderedDict()
for form_key, form_class in six.iteritems(self.form_list):
# try to fetch the value from condition list, by default, the form
# gets passed to the new list.
condition = self.condition_dict.get(form_key, True)
if callable(condition):
# call the value if needed, passes the current instance.
condition = condition(self)
if condition:
form_list[form_key] = form_class
return form_list
def dispatch(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
"""
This method gets called by the routing engine. The first argument is
`request` which contains a `HttpRequest` instance.
The request is stored in `self.request` for later use. The storage
instance is stored in `self.storage`.
After processing the request using the `dispatch` method, the
response gets updated by the storage engine (for example add cookies).
"""
# add the storage engine to the current wizardview instance
self.prefix = self.get_prefix(request, *args, **kwargs)
self.storage = get_storage(
self.storage_name, self.prefix, request,
getattr(self, 'file_storage', None),
)
self.steps = StepsHelper(self)
response = super(WizardView, self).dispatch(request, *args, **kwargs)
# update the response (e.g. adding cookies)
self.storage.update_response(response)
return response
def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
"""
This method handles GET requests.
If a GET request reaches this point, the wizard assumes that the user
just starts at the first step or wants to restart the process.
The data of the wizard will be resetted before rendering the first step
"""
self.storage.reset()
# reset the current step to the first step.
self.storage.current_step = self.steps.first
return self.render(self.get_form())
def post(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""
This method handles POST requests.
The wizard will render either the current step (if form validation
wasn't successful), the next step (if the current step was stored
successful) or the done view (if no more steps are available)
"""
# Look for a wizard_goto_step element in the posted data which
# contains a valid step name. If one was found, render the requested
# form. (This makes stepping back a lot easier).
wizard_goto_step = self.request.POST.get('wizard_goto_step', None)
if wizard_goto_step and wizard_goto_step in self.get_form_list():
return self.render_goto_step(wizard_goto_step)
# Check if form was refreshed
management_form = ManagementForm(self.request.POST, prefix=self.prefix)
if not management_form.is_valid():
raise SuspiciousOperation(_('ManagementForm data is missing or has been tampered.'))
form_current_step = management_form.cleaned_data['current_step']
if (form_current_step != self.steps.current and
self.storage.current_step is not None):
# form refreshed, change current step
self.storage.current_step = form_current_step
# get the form for the current step
form = self.get_form(data=self.request.POST, files=self.request.FILES)
# and try to validate
if form.is_valid():
# if the form is valid, store the cleaned data and files.
self.storage.set_step_data(self.steps.current, self.process_step(form))
self.storage.set_step_files(self.steps.current, self.process_step_files(form))
# check if the current step is the last step
if self.steps.current == self.steps.last:
# no more steps, render done view
return self.render_done(form, **kwargs)
else:
# proceed to the next step
return self.render_next_step(form)
return self.render(form)
def render_next_step(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
This method gets called when the next step/form should be rendered.
`form` contains the last/current form.
"""
# get the form instance based on the data from the storage backend
# (if available).
next_step = self.steps.next
new_form = self.get_form(
next_step,
data=self.storage.get_step_data(next_step),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(next_step),
)
# change the stored current step
self.storage.current_step = next_step
return self.render(new_form, **kwargs)
def render_goto_step(self, goto_step, **kwargs):
"""
This method gets called when the current step has to be changed.
`goto_step` contains the requested step to go to.
"""
self.storage.current_step = goto_step
form = self.get_form(
data=self.storage.get_step_data(self.steps.current),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(self.steps.current))
return self.render(form)
def render_done(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
This method gets called when all forms passed. The method should also
re-validate all steps to prevent manipulation. If any form fails to
validate, `render_revalidation_failure` should get called.
If everything is fine call `done`.
"""
final_forms = OrderedDict()
# walk through the form list and try to validate the data again.
for form_key in self.get_form_list():
form_obj = self.get_form(
step=form_key,
data=self.storage.get_step_data(form_key),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(form_key)
)
if not form_obj.is_valid():
return self.render_revalidation_failure(form_key, form_obj, **kwargs)
final_forms[form_key] = form_obj
# render the done view and reset the wizard before returning the
# response. This is needed to prevent from rendering done with the
# same data twice.
done_response = self.done(final_forms.values(), form_dict=final_forms, **kwargs)
self.storage.reset()
return done_response
def get_form_prefix(self, step=None, form=None):
"""
Returns the prefix which will be used when calling the actual form for
the given step. `step` contains the step-name, `form` the form which
will be called with the returned prefix.
If no step is given, the form_prefix will determine the current step
automatically.
"""
if step is None:
step = self.steps.current
return str(step)
def get_form_initial(self, step):
"""
Returns a dictionary which will be passed to the form for `step`
as `initial`. If no initial data was provided while initializing the
form wizard, an empty dictionary will be returned.
"""
return self.initial_dict.get(step, {})
def get_form_instance(self, step):
"""
Returns an object which will be passed to the form for `step`
as `instance`. If no instance object was provided while initializing
the form wizard, None will be returned.
"""
return self.instance_dict.get(step, None)
def get_form_kwargs(self, step=None):
"""
Returns the keyword arguments for instantiating the form
(or formset) on the given step.
"""
return {}
def get_form(self, step=None, data=None, files=None):
"""
Constructs the form for a given `step`. If no `step` is defined, the
current step will be determined automatically.
The form will be initialized using the `data` argument to prefill the
new form. If needed, instance or queryset (for `ModelForm` or
`ModelFormSet`) will be added too.
"""
if step is None:
step = self.steps.current
form_class = self.form_list[step]
# prepare the kwargs for the form instance.
kwargs = self.get_form_kwargs(step)
kwargs.update({
'data': data,
'files': files,
'prefix': self.get_form_prefix(step, form_class),
'initial': self.get_form_initial(step),
})
if issubclass(form_class, (forms.ModelForm, forms.models.BaseInlineFormSet)):
# If the form is based on ModelForm or InlineFormSet,
# add instance if available and not previously set.
kwargs.setdefault('instance', self.get_form_instance(step))
elif issubclass(form_class, forms.models.BaseModelFormSet):
# If the form is based on ModelFormSet, add queryset if available
# and not previous set.
kwargs.setdefault('queryset', self.get_form_instance(step))
return form_class(**kwargs)
def process_step(self, form):
"""
This method is used to postprocess the form data. By default, it
returns the raw `form.data` dictionary.
"""
return self.get_form_step_data(form)
def process_step_files(self, form):
"""
This method is used to postprocess the form files. By default, it
returns the raw `form.files` dictionary.
"""
return self.get_form_step_files(form)
def render_revalidation_failure(self, step, form, **kwargs):
"""
Gets called when a form doesn't validate when rendering the done
view. By default, it changes the current step to failing forms step
and renders the form.
"""
self.storage.current_step = step
return self.render(form, **kwargs)
def get_form_step_data(self, form):
"""
Is used to return the raw form data. You may use this method to
manipulate the data.
"""
return form.data
def get_form_step_files(self, form):
"""
Is used to return the raw form files. You may use this method to
manipulate the data.
"""
return form.files
def get_all_cleaned_data(self):
"""
Returns a merged dictionary of all step cleaned_data dictionaries.
If a step contains a `FormSet`, the key will be prefixed with
'formset-' and contain a list of the formset cleaned_data dictionaries.
"""
cleaned_data = {}
for form_key in self.get_form_list():
form_obj = self.get_form(
step=form_key,
data=self.storage.get_step_data(form_key),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(form_key)
)
if form_obj.is_valid():
if isinstance(form_obj.cleaned_data, (tuple, list)):
cleaned_data.update({
'formset-%s' % form_key: form_obj.cleaned_data
})
else:
cleaned_data.update(form_obj.cleaned_data)
return cleaned_data
def get_cleaned_data_for_step(self, step):
"""
Returns the cleaned data for a given `step`. Before returning the
cleaned data, the stored values are revalidated through the form.
If the data doesn't validate, None will be returned.
"""
if step in self.form_list:
form_obj = self.get_form(
step=step,
data=self.storage.get_step_data(step),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(step),
)
if form_obj.is_valid():
return form_obj.cleaned_data
return None
def get_next_step(self, step=None):
"""
Returns the next step after the given `step`. If no more steps are
available, None will be returned. If the `step` argument is None, the
current step will be determined automatically.
"""
if step is None:
step = self.steps.current
form_list = self.get_form_list()
keys = list(form_list.keys())
key = keys.index(step) + 1
if len(keys) > key:
return keys[key]
return None
def get_prev_step(self, step=None):
"""
Returns the previous step before the given `step`. If there are no
steps available, None will be returned. If the `step` argument is
None, the current step will be determined automatically.
"""
if step is None:
step = self.steps.current
form_list = self.get_form_list()
keys = list(form_list.keys())
key = keys.index(step) - 1
if key >= 0:
return keys[key]
return None
def get_step_index(self, step=None):
"""
Returns the index for the given `step` name. If no step is given,
the current step will be used to get the index.
"""
if step is None:
step = self.steps.current
return list(self.get_form_list().keys()).index(step)
def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
Returns the template context for a step. You can overwrite this method
to add more data for all or some steps. This method returns a
dictionary containing the rendered form step. Available template
context variables are:
* all extra data stored in the storage backend
* `wizard` - a dictionary representation of the wizard instance
Example::
class MyWizard(WizardView):
def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs):
context = super(MyWizard, self).get_context_data(form=form,
**kwargs)
if self.steps.current == 'my_step_name':
context.update({'another_var': True})
return context
"""
context = super(WizardView, self).get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs)
context.update(self.storage.extra_data)
context['wizard'] = {
'form': form,
'steps': self.steps,
'management_form': ManagementForm(prefix=self.prefix, initial={
'current_step': self.steps.current,
}),
}
return context
def render(self, form=None, **kwargs):
"""
Returns a ``HttpResponse`` containing all needed context data.
"""
form = form or self.get_form()
context = self.get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs)
return self.render_to_response(context)
def done(self, form_list, **kwargs):
"""
This method must be overridden by a subclass to process to form data
after processing all steps.
"""
raise NotImplementedError(
"Your %s class has not defined a done() method, which is required."
% self.__class__.__name__
)
class SessionWizardView(WizardView):
"""
A WizardView with pre-configured SessionStorage backend.
"""
storage_name = 'formtools.wizard.storage.session.SessionStorage'
class CookieWizardView(WizardView):
"""
A WizardView with pre-configured CookieStorage backend.
"""
storage_name = 'formtools.wizard.storage.cookie.CookieStorage'
class NamedUrlWizardView(WizardView):
"""
A WizardView with URL named steps support.
"""
url_name = None
done_step_name = None
@classmethod
def get_initkwargs(cls, *args, **kwargs):
"""
We require a url_name to reverse URLs later. Additionally users can
pass a done_step_name to change the URL name of the "done" view.
"""
assert 'url_name' in kwargs, 'URL name is needed to resolve correct wizard URLs'
extra_kwargs = {
'done_step_name': kwargs.pop('done_step_name', 'done'),
'url_name': kwargs.pop('url_name'),
}
initkwargs = super(NamedUrlWizardView, cls).get_initkwargs(*args, **kwargs)
initkwargs.update(extra_kwargs)
assert initkwargs['done_step_name'] not in initkwargs['form_list'], \
'step name "%s" is reserved for "done" view' % initkwargs['done_step_name']
return initkwargs
def get_step_url(self, step):
return reverse(self.url_name, kwargs={'step': step})
def get(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""
This renders the form or, if needed, does the http redirects.
"""
step_url = kwargs.get('step', None)
if step_url is None:
if 'reset' in self.request.GET:
self.storage.reset()
self.storage.current_step = self.steps.first
if self.request.GET:
query_string = "?%s" % self.request.GET.urlencode()
else:
query_string = ""
return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.steps.current) + query_string)
# is the current step the "done" name/view?
elif step_url == self.done_step_name:
last_step = self.steps.last
form = self.get_form(
step=last_step,
data=self.storage.get_step_data(last_step),
files=self.storage.get_step_files(last_step),
)
return self.render_done(form, **kwargs)
# is the url step name not equal to the step in the storage?
# if yes, change the step in the storage (if name exists)
elif step_url == self.steps.current:
# URL step name and storage step name are equal, render!
form = self.get_form(
data=self.storage.current_step_data,
files=self.storage.current_step_files,
)
return self.render(form, **kwargs)
elif step_url in self.get_form_list():
self.storage.current_step = step_url
return self.render(
self.get_form(
data=self.storage.current_step_data,
files=self.storage.current_step_files,
),
**kwargs
)
# invalid step name, reset to first and redirect.
else:
self.storage.current_step = self.steps.first
return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.steps.first))
def post(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Do a redirect if user presses the prev. step button. The rest of this
is super'd from WizardView.
"""
wizard_goto_step = self.request.POST.get('wizard_goto_step', None)
if wizard_goto_step and wizard_goto_step in self.get_form_list():
return self.render_goto_step(wizard_goto_step)
return super(NamedUrlWizardView, self).post(*args, **kwargs)
def get_context_data(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
NamedUrlWizardView provides the url_name of this wizard in the context
dict `wizard`.
"""
context = super(NamedUrlWizardView, self).get_context_data(form=form, **kwargs)
context['wizard']['url_name'] = self.url_name
return context
def render_next_step(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
When using the NamedUrlWizardView, we have to redirect to update the
browser's URL to match the shown step.
"""
next_step = self.get_next_step()
self.storage.current_step = next_step
return redirect(self.get_step_url(next_step))
def render_goto_step(self, goto_step, **kwargs):
"""
This method gets called when the current step has to be changed.
`goto_step` contains the requested step to go to.
"""
self.storage.current_step = goto_step
return redirect(self.get_step_url(goto_step))
def render_revalidation_failure(self, failed_step, form, **kwargs):
"""
When a step fails, we have to redirect the user to the first failing
step.
"""
self.storage.current_step = failed_step
return redirect(self.get_step_url(failed_step))
def render_done(self, form, **kwargs):
"""
When rendering the done view, we have to redirect first (if the URL
name doesn't fit).
"""
if kwargs.get('step', None) != self.done_step_name:
return redirect(self.get_step_url(self.done_step_name))
return super(NamedUrlWizardView, self).render_done(form, **kwargs)
class NamedUrlSessionWizardView(NamedUrlWizardView):
"""
A NamedUrlWizardView with pre-configured SessionStorage backend.
"""
storage_name = 'formtools.wizard.storage.session.SessionStorage'
class NamedUrlCookieWizardView(NamedUrlWizardView):
"""
A NamedUrlFormWizard with pre-configured CookieStorageBackend.
"""
storage_name = 'formtools.wizard.storage.cookie.CookieStorage'