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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import re
from functools import partial
from importlib import import_module
from inspect import getargspec
from django.conf import settings
from django.template.context import (BaseContext, Context, RequestContext,
ContextPopException)
from django.utils.itercompat import is_iterable
from django.utils.text import (smart_split, unescape_string_literal,
get_text_list)
from django.utils.encoding import force_str, force_text
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy, pgettext_lazy
from django.utils.safestring import (SafeData, EscapeData, mark_safe,
mark_for_escaping)
from django.utils.formats import localize
from django.utils.html import escape
from django.utils.module_loading import module_has_submodule
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.timezone import template_localtime
from django.utils.encoding import python_2_unicode_compatible
TOKEN_TEXT = 0
TOKEN_VAR = 1
TOKEN_BLOCK = 2
TOKEN_COMMENT = 3
TOKEN_MAPPING = {
TOKEN_TEXT: 'Text',
TOKEN_VAR: 'Var',
TOKEN_BLOCK: 'Block',
TOKEN_COMMENT: 'Comment',
}
# template syntax constants
FILTER_SEPARATOR = '|'
FILTER_ARGUMENT_SEPARATOR = ':'
VARIABLE_ATTRIBUTE_SEPARATOR = '.'
BLOCK_TAG_START = '{%'
BLOCK_TAG_END = '%}'
VARIABLE_TAG_START = '{{'
VARIABLE_TAG_END = '}}'
COMMENT_TAG_START = '{#'
COMMENT_TAG_END = '#}'
TRANSLATOR_COMMENT_MARK = 'Translators'
SINGLE_BRACE_START = '{'
SINGLE_BRACE_END = '}'
ALLOWED_VARIABLE_CHARS = ('abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789_.')
# what to report as the origin for templates that come from non-loader sources
# (e.g. strings)
UNKNOWN_SOURCE = '<unknown source>'
# match a variable or block tag and capture the entire tag, including start/end
# delimiters
tag_re = (re.compile('(%s.*?%s|%s.*?%s|%s.*?%s)' %
(re.escape(BLOCK_TAG_START), re.escape(BLOCK_TAG_END),
re.escape(VARIABLE_TAG_START), re.escape(VARIABLE_TAG_END),
re.escape(COMMENT_TAG_START), re.escape(COMMENT_TAG_END))))
# global dictionary of libraries that have been loaded using get_library
libraries = {}
# global list of libraries to load by default for a new parser
builtins = []
# True if TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID contains a format string (%s). None means
# uninitialised.
invalid_var_format_string = None
class TemplateSyntaxError(Exception):
pass
class TemplateDoesNotExist(Exception):
pass
class TemplateEncodingError(Exception):
pass
@python_2_unicode_compatible
class VariableDoesNotExist(Exception):
def __init__(self, msg, params=()):
self.msg = msg
self.params = params
def __str__(self):
return self.msg % tuple(force_text(p, errors='replace')
for p in self.params)
class InvalidTemplateLibrary(Exception):
pass
class Origin(object):
def __init__(self, name):
self.name = name
def reload(self):
raise NotImplementedError
def __str__(self):
return self.name
class StringOrigin(Origin):
def __init__(self, source):
super(StringOrigin, self).__init__(UNKNOWN_SOURCE)
self.source = source
def reload(self):
return self.source
class Template(object):
def __init__(self, template_string, origin=None,
name='<Unknown Template>'):
try:
template_string = force_text(template_string)
except UnicodeDecodeError:
raise TemplateEncodingError("Templates can only be constructed "
"from unicode or UTF-8 strings.")
if settings.TEMPLATE_DEBUG and origin is None:
origin = StringOrigin(template_string)
self.nodelist = compile_string(template_string, origin)
self.name = name
self.origin = origin
def __iter__(self):
for node in self.nodelist:
for subnode in node:
yield subnode
def _render(self, context):
return self.nodelist.render(context)
def render(self, context):
"Display stage -- can be called many times"
context.render_context.push()
try:
return self._render(context)
finally:
context.render_context.pop()
def compile_string(template_string, origin):
"Compiles template_string into NodeList ready for rendering"
if settings.TEMPLATE_DEBUG:
from django.template.debug import DebugLexer, DebugParser
lexer_class, parser_class = DebugLexer, DebugParser
else:
lexer_class, parser_class = Lexer, Parser
lexer = lexer_class(template_string, origin)
parser = parser_class(lexer.tokenize())
return parser.parse()
class Token(object):
def __init__(self, token_type, contents):
# token_type must be TOKEN_TEXT, TOKEN_VAR, TOKEN_BLOCK or
# TOKEN_COMMENT.
self.token_type, self.contents = token_type, contents
self.lineno = None
def __str__(self):
token_name = TOKEN_MAPPING[self.token_type]
return ('<%s token: "%s...">' %
(token_name, self.contents[:20].replace('\n', '')))
def split_contents(self):
split = []
bits = iter(smart_split(self.contents))
for bit in bits:
# Handle translation-marked template pieces
if bit.startswith('_("') or bit.startswith("_('"):
sentinal = bit[2] + ')'
trans_bit = [bit]
while not bit.endswith(sentinal):
bit = next(bits)
trans_bit.append(bit)
bit = ' '.join(trans_bit)
split.append(bit)
return split
class Lexer(object):
def __init__(self, template_string, origin):
self.template_string = template_string
self.origin = origin
self.lineno = 1
self.verbatim = False
def tokenize(self):
"""
Return a list of tokens from a given template_string.
"""
in_tag = False
result = []
for bit in tag_re.split(self.template_string):
if bit:
result.append(self.create_token(bit, in_tag))
in_tag = not in_tag
return result
def create_token(self, token_string, in_tag):
"""
Convert the given token string into a new Token object and return it.
If in_tag is True, we are processing something that matched a tag,
otherwise it should be treated as a literal string.
"""
if in_tag and token_string.startswith(BLOCK_TAG_START):
# The [2:-2] ranges below strip off *_TAG_START and *_TAG_END.
# We could do len(BLOCK_TAG_START) to be more "correct", but we've
# hard-coded the 2s here for performance. And it's not like
# the TAG_START values are going to change anytime, anyway.
block_content = token_string[2:-2].strip()
if self.verbatim and block_content == self.verbatim:
self.verbatim = False
if in_tag and not self.verbatim:
if token_string.startswith(VARIABLE_TAG_START):
token = Token(TOKEN_VAR, token_string[2:-2].strip())
elif token_string.startswith(BLOCK_TAG_START):
if block_content[:9] in ('verbatim', 'verbatim '):
self.verbatim = 'end%s' % block_content
token = Token(TOKEN_BLOCK, block_content)
elif token_string.startswith(COMMENT_TAG_START):
content = ''
if token_string.find(TRANSLATOR_COMMENT_MARK):
content = token_string[2:-2].strip()
token = Token(TOKEN_COMMENT, content)
else:
token = Token(TOKEN_TEXT, token_string)
token.lineno = self.lineno
self.lineno += token_string.count('\n')
return token
class Parser(object):
def __init__(self, tokens):
self.tokens = tokens
self.tags = {}
self.filters = {}
for lib in builtins:
self.add_library(lib)
def parse(self, parse_until=None):
if parse_until is None:
parse_until = []
nodelist = self.create_nodelist()
while self.tokens:
token = self.next_token()
# Use the raw values here for TOKEN_* for a tiny performance boost.
if token.token_type == 0: # TOKEN_TEXT
self.extend_nodelist(nodelist, TextNode(token.contents), token)
elif token.token_type == 1: # TOKEN_VAR
if not token.contents:
self.empty_variable(token)
try:
filter_expression = self.compile_filter(token.contents)
except TemplateSyntaxError as e:
if not self.compile_filter_error(token, e):
raise
var_node = self.create_variable_node(filter_expression)
self.extend_nodelist(nodelist, var_node, token)
elif token.token_type == 2: # TOKEN_BLOCK
try:
command = token.contents.split()[0]
except IndexError:
self.empty_block_tag(token)
if command in parse_until:
# put token back on token list so calling
# code knows why it terminated
self.prepend_token(token)
return nodelist
# execute callback function for this tag and append
# resulting node
self.enter_command(command, token)
try:
compile_func = self.tags[command]
except KeyError:
self.invalid_block_tag(token, command, parse_until)
try:
compiled_result = compile_func(self, token)
except TemplateSyntaxError as e:
if not self.compile_function_error(token, e):
raise
self.extend_nodelist(nodelist, compiled_result, token)
self.exit_command()
if parse_until:
self.unclosed_block_tag(parse_until)
return nodelist
def skip_past(self, endtag):
while self.tokens:
token = self.next_token()
if token.token_type == TOKEN_BLOCK and token.contents == endtag:
return
self.unclosed_block_tag([endtag])
def create_variable_node(self, filter_expression):
return VariableNode(filter_expression)
def create_nodelist(self):
return NodeList()
def extend_nodelist(self, nodelist, node, token):
if node.must_be_first and nodelist:
try:
if nodelist.contains_nontext:
raise AttributeError
except AttributeError:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("%r must be the first tag "
"in the template." % node)
if isinstance(nodelist, NodeList) and not isinstance(node, TextNode):
nodelist.contains_nontext = True
nodelist.append(node)
def enter_command(self, command, token):
pass
def exit_command(self):
pass
def error(self, token, msg):
return TemplateSyntaxError(msg)
def empty_variable(self, token):
raise self.error(token, "Empty variable tag")
def empty_block_tag(self, token):
raise self.error(token, "Empty block tag")
def invalid_block_tag(self, token, command, parse_until=None):
if parse_until:
raise self.error(token, "Invalid block tag: '%s', expected %s" %
(command, get_text_list(["'%s'" % p for p in parse_until])))
raise self.error(token, "Invalid block tag: '%s'" % command)
def unclosed_block_tag(self, parse_until):
raise self.error(None, "Unclosed tags: %s " % ', '.join(parse_until))
def compile_filter_error(self, token, e):
pass
def compile_function_error(self, token, e):
pass
def next_token(self):
return self.tokens.pop(0)
def prepend_token(self, token):
self.tokens.insert(0, token)
def delete_first_token(self):
del self.tokens[0]
def add_library(self, lib):
self.tags.update(lib.tags)
self.filters.update(lib.filters)
def compile_filter(self, token):
"""
Convenient wrapper for FilterExpression
"""
return FilterExpression(token, self)
def find_filter(self, filter_name):
if filter_name in self.filters:
return self.filters[filter_name]
else:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Invalid filter: '%s'" % filter_name)
class TokenParser(object):
"""
Subclass this and implement the top() method to parse a template line.
When instantiating the parser, pass in the line from the Django template
parser.
The parser's "tagname" instance-variable stores the name of the tag that
the filter was called with.
"""
def __init__(self, subject):
self.subject = subject
self.pointer = 0
self.backout = []
self.tagname = self.tag()
def top(self):
"""
Overload this method to do the actual parsing and return the result.
"""
raise NotImplementedError()
def more(self):
"""
Returns True if there is more stuff in the tag.
"""
return self.pointer < len(self.subject)
def back(self):
"""
Undoes the last microparser. Use this for lookahead and backtracking.
"""
if not len(self.backout):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("back called without some previous "
"parsing")
self.pointer = self.backout.pop()
def tag(self):
"""
A microparser that just returns the next tag from the line.
"""
subject = self.subject
i = self.pointer
if i >= len(subject):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("expected another tag, found "
"end of string: %s" % subject)
p = i
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] not in (' ', '\t'):
i += 1
s = subject[p:i]
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] in (' ', '\t'):
i += 1
self.backout.append(self.pointer)
self.pointer = i
return s
def value(self):
"""
A microparser that parses for a value: some string constant or
variable name.
"""
subject = self.subject
i = self.pointer
def next_space_index(subject, i):
"""
Increment pointer until a real space (i.e. a space not within
quotes) is encountered
"""
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] not in (' ', '\t'):
if subject[i] in ('"', "'"):
c = subject[i]
i += 1
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] != c:
i += 1
if i >= len(subject):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Searching for value. "
"Unexpected end of string in column %d: %s" %
(i, subject))
i += 1
return i
if i >= len(subject):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Searching for value. Expected another "
"value but found end of string: %s" %
subject)
if subject[i] in ('"', "'"):
p = i
i += 1
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] != subject[p]:
i += 1
if i >= len(subject):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Searching for value. Unexpected "
"end of string in column %d: %s" %
(i, subject))
i += 1
# Continue parsing until next "real" space,
# so that filters are also included
i = next_space_index(subject, i)
res = subject[p:i]
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] in (' ', '\t'):
i += 1
self.backout.append(self.pointer)
self.pointer = i
return res
else:
p = i
i = next_space_index(subject, i)
s = subject[p:i]
while i < len(subject) and subject[i] in (' ', '\t'):
i += 1
self.backout.append(self.pointer)
self.pointer = i
return s
# This only matches constant *strings* (things in quotes or marked for
# translation). Numbers are treated as variables for implementation reasons
# (so that they retain their type when passed to filters).
constant_string = r"""
(?:%(i18n_open)s%(strdq)s%(i18n_close)s|
%(i18n_open)s%(strsq)s%(i18n_close)s|
%(strdq)s|
%(strsq)s)
""" % {
'strdq': r'"[^"\\]*(?:\\.[^"\\]*)*"', # double-quoted string
'strsq': r"'[^'\\]*(?:\\.[^'\\]*)*'", # single-quoted string
'i18n_open': re.escape("_("),
'i18n_close': re.escape(")"),
}
constant_string = constant_string.replace("\n", "")
filter_raw_string = r"""
^(?P<constant>%(constant)s)|
^(?P<var>[%(var_chars)s]+|%(num)s)|
(?:\s*%(filter_sep)s\s*
(?P<filter_name>\w+)
(?:%(arg_sep)s
(?:
(?P<constant_arg>%(constant)s)|
(?P<var_arg>[%(var_chars)s]+|%(num)s)
)
)?
)""" % {
'constant': constant_string,
'num': r'[-+\.]?\d[\d\.e]*',
'var_chars': "\w\.",
'filter_sep': re.escape(FILTER_SEPARATOR),
'arg_sep': re.escape(FILTER_ARGUMENT_SEPARATOR),
}
filter_re = re.compile(filter_raw_string, re.UNICODE | re.VERBOSE)
class FilterExpression(object):
"""
Parses a variable token and its optional filters (all as a single string),
and return a list of tuples of the filter name and arguments.
Sample::
>>> token = 'variable|default:"Default value"|date:"Y-m-d"'
>>> p = Parser('')
>>> fe = FilterExpression(token, p)
>>> len(fe.filters)
2
>>> fe.var
<Variable: 'variable'>
This class should never be instantiated outside of the
get_filters_from_token helper function.
"""
def __init__(self, token, parser):
self.token = token
matches = filter_re.finditer(token)
var_obj = None
filters = []
upto = 0
for match in matches:
start = match.start()
if upto != start:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Could not parse some characters: "
"%s|%s|%s" %
(token[:upto], token[upto:start],
token[start:]))
if var_obj is None:
var, constant = match.group("var", "constant")
if constant:
try:
var_obj = Variable(constant).resolve({})
except VariableDoesNotExist:
var_obj = None
elif var is None:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Could not find variable at "
"start of %s." % token)
else:
var_obj = Variable(var)
else:
filter_name = match.group("filter_name")
args = []
constant_arg, var_arg = match.group("constant_arg", "var_arg")
if constant_arg:
args.append((False, Variable(constant_arg).resolve({})))
elif var_arg:
args.append((True, Variable(var_arg)))
filter_func = parser.find_filter(filter_name)
self.args_check(filter_name, filter_func, args)
filters.append((filter_func, args))
upto = match.end()
if upto != len(token):
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Could not parse the remainder: '%s' "
"from '%s'" % (token[upto:], token))
self.filters = filters
self.var = var_obj
def resolve(self, context, ignore_failures=False):
if isinstance(self.var, Variable):
try:
obj = self.var.resolve(context)
except VariableDoesNotExist:
if ignore_failures:
obj = None
else:
if settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID:
global invalid_var_format_string
if invalid_var_format_string is None:
invalid_var_format_string = '%s' in settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID
if invalid_var_format_string:
return settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID % self.var
return settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID
else:
obj = settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID
else:
obj = self.var
for func, args in self.filters:
arg_vals = []
for lookup, arg in args:
if not lookup:
arg_vals.append(mark_safe(arg))
else:
arg_vals.append(arg.resolve(context))
if getattr(func, 'expects_localtime', False):
obj = template_localtime(obj, context.use_tz)
if getattr(func, 'needs_autoescape', False):
new_obj = func(obj, autoescape=context.autoescape, *arg_vals)
else:
new_obj = func(obj, *arg_vals)
if getattr(func, 'is_safe', False) and isinstance(obj, SafeData):
obj = mark_safe(new_obj)
elif isinstance(obj, EscapeData):
obj = mark_for_escaping(new_obj)
else:
obj = new_obj
return obj
def args_check(name, func, provided):
provided = list(provided)
plen = len(provided)
# Check to see if a decorator is providing the real function.
func = getattr(func, '_decorated_function', func)
args, varargs, varkw, defaults = getargspec(func)
# First argument is filter input.
args.pop(0)
if defaults:
nondefs = args[:-len(defaults)]
else:
nondefs = args
# Args without defaults must be provided.
try:
for arg in nondefs:
provided.pop(0)
except IndexError:
# Not enough
raise TemplateSyntaxError("%s requires %d arguments, %d provided" %
(name, len(nondefs), plen))
# Defaults can be overridden.
defaults = list(defaults) if defaults else []
try:
for parg in provided:
defaults.pop(0)
except IndexError:
# Too many.
raise TemplateSyntaxError("%s requires %d arguments, %d provided" %
(name, len(nondefs), plen))
return True
args_check = staticmethod(args_check)
def __str__(self):
return self.token
def resolve_variable(path, context):
"""
Returns the resolved variable, which may contain attribute syntax, within
the given context.
Deprecated; use the Variable class instead.
"""
return Variable(path).resolve(context)
class Variable(object):
"""
A template variable, resolvable against a given context. The variable may
be a hard-coded string (if it begins and ends with single or double quote
marks)::
>>> c = {'article': {'section':u'News'}}
>>> Variable('article.section').resolve(c)
u'News'
>>> Variable('article').resolve(c)
{'section': u'News'}
>>> class AClass: pass
>>> c = AClass()
>>> c.article = AClass()
>>> c.article.section = u'News'
(The example assumes VARIABLE_ATTRIBUTE_SEPARATOR is '.')
"""
def __init__(self, var):
self.var = var
self.literal = None
self.lookups = None
self.translate = False
self.message_context = None
try:
# First try to treat this variable as a number.
#
# Note that this could cause an OverflowError here that we're not
# catching. Since this should only happen at compile time, that's
# probably OK.
self.literal = float(var)
# So it's a float... is it an int? If the original value contained a
# dot or an "e" then it was a float, not an int.
if '.' not in var and 'e' not in var.lower():
self.literal = int(self.literal)
# "2." is invalid
if var.endswith('.'):
raise ValueError
except ValueError:
# A ValueError means that the variable isn't a number.
if var.startswith('_(') and var.endswith(')'):
# The result of the lookup should be translated at rendering
# time.
self.translate = True
var = var[2:-1]
# If it's wrapped with quotes (single or double), then
# we're also dealing with a literal.
try:
self.literal = mark_safe(unescape_string_literal(var))
except ValueError:
# Otherwise we'll set self.lookups so that resolve() knows we're
# dealing with a bonafide variable
if var.find(VARIABLE_ATTRIBUTE_SEPARATOR + '_') > -1 or var[0] == '_':
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Variables and attributes may "
"not begin with underscores: '%s'" %
var)
self.lookups = tuple(var.split(VARIABLE_ATTRIBUTE_SEPARATOR))
def resolve(self, context):
"""Resolve this variable against a given context."""
if self.lookups is not None:
# We're dealing with a variable that needs to be resolved
value = self._resolve_lookup(context)
else:
# We're dealing with a literal, so it's already been "resolved"
value = self.literal
if self.translate:
if self.message_context:
return pgettext_lazy(self.message_context, value)
else:
return ugettext_lazy(value)
return value
def __repr__(self):
return "<%s: %r>" % (self.__class__.__name__, self.var)
def __str__(self):
return self.var
def _resolve_lookup(self, context):
"""
Performs resolution of a real variable (i.e. not a literal) against the
given context.
As indicated by the method's name, this method is an implementation
detail and shouldn't be called by external code. Use Variable.resolve()
instead.
"""
current = context
try: # catch-all for silent variable failures
for bit in self.lookups:
try: # dictionary lookup
current = current[bit]
except (TypeError, AttributeError, KeyError, ValueError):
try: # attribute lookup
# Don't return class attributes if the class is the context:
if isinstance(current, BaseContext) and getattr(type(current), bit):
raise AttributeError
current = getattr(current, bit)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
try: # list-index lookup
current = current[int(bit)]
except (IndexError, # list index out of range
ValueError, # invalid literal for int()
KeyError, # current is a dict without `int(bit)` key
TypeError): # unsubscriptable object
raise VariableDoesNotExist("Failed lookup for key "
"[%s] in %r",
(bit, current)) # missing attribute
if callable(current):
if getattr(current, 'do_not_call_in_templates', False):
pass
elif getattr(current, 'alters_data', False):
current = settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID
else:
try: # method call (assuming no args required)
current = current()
except TypeError: # arguments *were* required
# GOTCHA: This will also catch any TypeError
# raised in the function itself.
current = settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID # invalid method call
except Exception as e:
if getattr(e, 'silent_variable_failure', False):
current = settings.TEMPLATE_STRING_IF_INVALID
else:
raise
return current
class Node(object):
# Set this to True for nodes that must be first in the template (although
# they can be preceded by text nodes.
must_be_first = False
child_nodelists = ('nodelist',)
def render(self, context):
"""
Return the node rendered as a string.
"""
pass
def __iter__(self):
yield self
def get_nodes_by_type(self, nodetype):
"""
Return a list of all nodes (within this node and its nodelist)
of the given type
"""
nodes = []
if isinstance(self, nodetype):
nodes.append(self)
for attr in self.child_nodelists:
nodelist = getattr(self, attr, None)
if nodelist:
nodes.extend(nodelist.get_nodes_by_type(nodetype))
return nodes
class NodeList(list):
# Set to True the first time a non-TextNode is inserted by
# extend_nodelist().
contains_nontext = False
def render(self, context):
bits = []
for node in self:
if isinstance(node, Node):
bit = self.render_node(node, context)
else:
bit = node
bits.append(force_text(bit))
return mark_safe(''.join(bits))
def get_nodes_by_type(self, nodetype):
"Return a list of all nodes of the given type"
nodes = []
for node in self:
nodes.extend(node.get_nodes_by_type(nodetype))
return nodes
def render_node(self, node, context):
return node.render(context)
class TextNode(Node):
def __init__(self, s):
self.s = s
def __repr__(self):
return force_str("<Text Node: '%s'>" % self.s[:25], 'ascii',
errors='replace')
def render(self, context):
return self.s
def render_value_in_context(value, context):
"""
Converts any value to a string to become part of a rendered template. This
means escaping, if required, and conversion to a unicode object. If value
is a string, it is expected to have already been translated.
"""
value = template_localtime(value, use_tz=context.use_tz)
value = localize(value, use_l10n=context.use_l10n)
value = force_text(value)
if ((context.autoescape and not isinstance(value, SafeData)) or
isinstance(value, EscapeData)):
return escape(value)
else:
return value
class VariableNode(Node):
def __init__(self, filter_expression):
self.filter_expression = filter_expression
def __repr__(self):
return "<Variable Node: %s>" % self.filter_expression
def render(self, context):
try:
output = self.filter_expression.resolve(context)
except UnicodeDecodeError:
# Unicode conversion can fail sometimes for reasons out of our
# control (e.g. exception rendering). In that case, we fail
# quietly.
return ''
return render_value_in_context(output, context)
# Regex for token keyword arguments
kwarg_re = re.compile(r"(?:(\w+)=)?(.+)")
def token_kwargs(bits, parser, support_legacy=False):
"""
A utility method for parsing token keyword arguments.
:param bits: A list containing remainder of the token (split by spaces)
that is to be checked for arguments. Valid arguments will be removed
from this list.
:param support_legacy: If set to true ``True``, the legacy format
``1 as foo`` will be accepted. Otherwise, only the standard ``foo=1``
format is allowed.
:returns: A dictionary of the arguments retrieved from the ``bits`` token
list.
There is no requirement for all remaining token ``bits`` to be keyword
arguments, so the dictionary will be returned as soon as an invalid
argument format is reached.
"""
if not bits:
return {}
match = kwarg_re.match(bits[0])
kwarg_format = match and match.group(1)
if not kwarg_format:
if not support_legacy:
return {}
if len(bits) < 3 or bits[1] != 'as':
return {}
kwargs = {}
while bits:
if kwarg_format:
match = kwarg_re.match(bits[0])
if not match or not match.group(1):
return kwargs
key, value = match.groups()
del bits[:1]
else:
if len(bits) < 3 or bits[1] != 'as':
return kwargs
key, value = bits[2], bits[0]
del bits[:3]
kwargs[key] = parser.compile_filter(value)
if bits and not kwarg_format:
if bits[0] != 'and':
return kwargs
del bits[:1]
return kwargs
def parse_bits(parser, bits, params, varargs, varkw, defaults,
takes_context, name):
"""
Parses bits for template tag helpers (simple_tag, include_tag and
assignment_tag), in particular by detecting syntax errors and by
extracting positional and keyword arguments.
"""
if takes_context:
if params[0] == 'context':
params = params[1:]
else:
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' is decorated with takes_context=True so it must "
"have a first argument of 'context'" % name)
args = []
kwargs = {}
unhandled_params = list(params)
for bit in bits:
# First we try to extract a potential kwarg from the bit
kwarg = token_kwargs([bit], parser)
if kwarg:
# The kwarg was successfully extracted
param, value = list(six.iteritems(kwarg))[0]
if param not in params and varkw is None:
# An unexpected keyword argument was supplied
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' received unexpected keyword argument '%s'" %
(name, param))
elif param in kwargs:
# The keyword argument has already been supplied once
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' received multiple values for keyword argument '%s'" %
(name, param))
else:
# All good, record the keyword argument
kwargs[str(param)] = value
if param in unhandled_params:
# If using the keyword syntax for a positional arg, then
# consume it.
unhandled_params.remove(param)
else:
if kwargs:
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' received some positional argument(s) after some "
"keyword argument(s)" % name)
else:
# Record the positional argument
args.append(parser.compile_filter(bit))
try:
# Consume from the list of expected positional arguments
unhandled_params.pop(0)
except IndexError:
if varargs is None:
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' received too many positional arguments" %
name)
if defaults is not None:
# Consider the last n params handled, where n is the
# number of defaults.
unhandled_params = unhandled_params[:-len(defaults)]
if unhandled_params:
# Some positional arguments were not supplied
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' did not receive value(s) for the argument(s): %s" %
(name, ", ".join("'%s'" % p for p in unhandled_params)))
return args, kwargs
def generic_tag_compiler(parser, token, params, varargs, varkw, defaults,
name, takes_context, node_class):
"""
Returns a template.Node subclass.
"""
bits = token.split_contents()[1:]
args, kwargs = parse_bits(parser, bits, params, varargs, varkw,
defaults, takes_context, name)
return node_class(takes_context, args, kwargs)
class TagHelperNode(Node):
"""
Base class for tag helper nodes such as SimpleNode, InclusionNode and
AssignmentNode. Manages the positional and keyword arguments to be passed
to the decorated function.
"""
def __init__(self, takes_context, args, kwargs):
self.takes_context = takes_context
self.args = args
self.kwargs = kwargs
def get_resolved_arguments(self, context):
resolved_args = [var.resolve(context) for var in self.args]
if self.takes_context:
resolved_args = [context] + resolved_args
resolved_kwargs = dict((k, v.resolve(context))
for k, v in self.kwargs.items())
return resolved_args, resolved_kwargs
class Library(object):
def __init__(self):
self.filters = {}
self.tags = {}
def tag(self, name=None, compile_function=None):
if name is None and compile_function is None:
# @register.tag()
return self.tag_function
elif name is not None and compile_function is None:
if callable(name):
# @register.tag
return self.tag_function(name)
else:
# @register.tag('somename') or @register.tag(name='somename')
def dec(func):
return self.tag(name, func)
return dec
elif name is not None and compile_function is not None:
# register.tag('somename', somefunc)
self.tags[name] = compile_function
return compile_function
else:
raise InvalidTemplateLibrary("Unsupported arguments to "
"Library.tag: (%r, %r)", (name, compile_function))
def tag_function(self, func):
self.tags[getattr(func, "_decorated_function", func).__name__] = func
return func
def filter(self, name=None, filter_func=None, **flags):
if name is None and filter_func is None:
# @register.filter()
def dec(func):
return self.filter_function(func, **flags)
return dec
elif name is not None and filter_func is None:
if callable(name):
# @register.filter
return self.filter_function(name, **flags)
else:
# @register.filter('somename') or @register.filter(name='somename')
def dec(func):
return self.filter(name, func, **flags)
return dec
elif name is not None and filter_func is not None:
# register.filter('somename', somefunc)
self.filters[name] = filter_func
for attr in ('expects_localtime', 'is_safe', 'needs_autoescape'):
if attr in flags:
value = flags[attr]
# set the flag on the filter for FilterExpression.resolve
setattr(filter_func, attr, value)
# set the flag on the innermost decorated function
# for decorators that need it e.g. stringfilter
if hasattr(filter_func, "_decorated_function"):
setattr(filter_func._decorated_function, attr, value)
filter_func._filter_name = name
return filter_func
else:
raise InvalidTemplateLibrary("Unsupported arguments to "
"Library.filter: (%r, %r)", (name, filter_func))
def filter_function(self, func, **flags):
name = getattr(func, "_decorated_function", func).__name__
return self.filter(name, func, **flags)
def simple_tag(self, func=None, takes_context=None, name=None):
def dec(func):
params, varargs, varkw, defaults = getargspec(func)
class SimpleNode(TagHelperNode):
def render(self, context):
resolved_args, resolved_kwargs = self.get_resolved_arguments(context)
return func(*resolved_args, **resolved_kwargs)
function_name = (name or
getattr(func, '_decorated_function', func).__name__)
compile_func = partial(generic_tag_compiler,
params=params, varargs=varargs, varkw=varkw,
defaults=defaults, name=function_name,
takes_context=takes_context, node_class=SimpleNode)
compile_func.__doc__ = func.__doc__
self.tag(function_name, compile_func)
return func
if func is None:
# @register.simple_tag(...)
return dec
elif callable(func):
# @register.simple_tag
return dec(func)
else:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Invalid arguments provided to simple_tag")
def assignment_tag(self, func=None, takes_context=None, name=None):
def dec(func):
params, varargs, varkw, defaults = getargspec(func)
class AssignmentNode(TagHelperNode):
def __init__(self, takes_context, args, kwargs, target_var):
super(AssignmentNode, self).__init__(takes_context, args, kwargs)
self.target_var = target_var
def render(self, context):
resolved_args, resolved_kwargs = self.get_resolved_arguments(context)
context[self.target_var] = func(*resolved_args, **resolved_kwargs)
return ''
function_name = (name or
getattr(func, '_decorated_function', func).__name__)
def compile_func(parser, token):
bits = token.split_contents()[1:]
if len(bits) < 2 or bits[-2] != 'as':
raise TemplateSyntaxError(
"'%s' tag takes at least 2 arguments and the "
"second last argument must be 'as'" % function_name)
target_var = bits[-1]
bits = bits[:-2]
args, kwargs = parse_bits(parser, bits, params,
varargs, varkw, defaults, takes_context, function_name)
return AssignmentNode(takes_context, args, kwargs, target_var)
compile_func.__doc__ = func.__doc__
self.tag(function_name, compile_func)
return func
if func is None:
# @register.assignment_tag(...)
return dec
elif callable(func):
# @register.assignment_tag
return dec(func)
else:
raise TemplateSyntaxError("Invalid arguments provided to assignment_tag")
def inclusion_tag(self, file_name, context_class=Context, takes_context=False, name=None):
def dec(func):
params, varargs, varkw, defaults = getargspec(func)
class InclusionNode(TagHelperNode):
def render(self, context):
resolved_args, resolved_kwargs = self.get_resolved_arguments(context)
_dict = func(*resolved_args, **resolved_kwargs)
if not getattr(self, 'nodelist', False):
from django.template.loader import get_template, select_template
if isinstance(file_name, Template):
t = file_name
elif not isinstance(file_name, six.string_types) and is_iterable(file_name):
t = select_template(file_name)
else:
t = get_template(file_name)
self.nodelist = t.nodelist
new_context = context_class(_dict, **{
'autoescape': context.autoescape,
'current_app': context.current_app,
'use_l10n': context.use_l10n,
'use_tz': context.use_tz,
})
# Copy across the CSRF token, if present, because
# inclusion tags are often used for forms, and we need
# instructions for using CSRF protection to be as simple
# as possible.
csrf_token = context.get('csrf_token', None)
if csrf_token is not None:
new_context['csrf_token'] = csrf_token
return self.nodelist.render(new_context)
function_name = (name or
getattr(func, '_decorated_function', func).__name__)
compile_func = partial(generic_tag_compiler,
params=params, varargs=varargs, varkw=varkw,
defaults=defaults, name=function_name,
takes_context=takes_context, node_class=InclusionNode)
compile_func.__doc__ = func.__doc__
self.tag(function_name, compile_func)
return func
return dec
def is_library_missing(name):
"""Check if library that failed to load cannot be found under any
templatetags directory or does exist but fails to import.
Non-existing condition is checked recursively for each subpackage in cases
like <appdir>/templatetags/subpackage/package/module.py.
"""
# Don't bother to check if '.' is in name since any name will be prefixed
# with some template root.
path, module = name.rsplit('.', 1)
try:
package = import_module(path)
return not module_has_submodule(package, module)
except ImportError:
return is_library_missing(path)
def import_library(taglib_module):
"""
Load a template tag library module.
Verifies that the library contains a 'register' attribute, and
returns that attribute as the representation of the library
"""
try:
mod = import_module(taglib_module)
except ImportError as e:
# If the ImportError is because the taglib submodule does not exist,
# that's not an error that should be raised. If the submodule exists
# and raised an ImportError on the attempt to load it, that we want
# to raise.
if is_library_missing(taglib_module):
return None
else:
raise InvalidTemplateLibrary("ImportError raised loading %s: %s" %
(taglib_module, e))
try:
return mod.register
except AttributeError:
raise InvalidTemplateLibrary("Template library %s does not have "
"a variable named 'register'" %
taglib_module)
templatetags_modules = []
def get_templatetags_modules():
"""
Return the list of all available template tag modules.
Caches the result for faster access.
"""
global templatetags_modules
if not templatetags_modules:
_templatetags_modules = []
# Populate list once per process. Mutate the local list first, and
# then assign it to the global name to ensure there are no cases where
# two threads try to populate it simultaneously.
for app_module in ['django'] + list(settings.INSTALLED_APPS):
try:
templatetag_module = '%s.templatetags' % app_module
import_module(templatetag_module)
_templatetags_modules.append(templatetag_module)
except ImportError:
continue
templatetags_modules = _templatetags_modules
return templatetags_modules
def get_library(library_name):
"""
Load the template library module with the given name.
If library is not already loaded loop over all templatetags modules
to locate it.
{% load somelib %} and {% load someotherlib %} loops twice.
Subsequent loads eg. {% load somelib %} in the same process will grab
the cached module from libraries.
"""
lib = libraries.get(library_name, None)
if not lib:
templatetags_modules = get_templatetags_modules()
tried_modules = []
for module in templatetags_modules:
taglib_module = '%s.%s' % (module, library_name)
tried_modules.append(taglib_module)
lib = import_library(taglib_module)
if lib:
libraries[library_name] = lib
break
if not lib:
raise InvalidTemplateLibrary("Template library %s not found, "
"tried %s" %
(library_name,
','.join(tried_modules)))
return lib
def add_to_builtins(module):
builtins.append(import_library(module))
add_to_builtins('django.template.defaulttags')
add_to_builtins('django.template.defaultfilters')
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