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"""
Field classes.
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
import copy
import datetime
import os
import re
import urlparse
from decimal import Decimal, DecimalException
try:
from cStringIO import StringIO
except ImportError:
from StringIO import StringIO
from django.core import validators
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError
from django.forms.util import ErrorList, from_current_timezone, to_current_timezone
from django.forms.widgets import (TextInput, PasswordInput, HiddenInput,
MultipleHiddenInput, ClearableFileInput, CheckboxInput, Select,
NullBooleanSelect, SelectMultiple, DateInput, DateTimeInput, TimeInput,
SplitDateTimeWidget, SplitHiddenDateTimeWidget, FILE_INPUT_CONTRADICTION)
from django.utils import formats
from django.utils.encoding import smart_unicode, smart_str, force_unicode
from django.utils.ipv6 import clean_ipv6_address
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
# Provide this import for backwards compatibility.
from django.core.validators import EMPTY_VALUES
__all__ = (
'Field', 'CharField', 'IntegerField',
'DateField', 'TimeField', 'DateTimeField', 'TimeField',
'RegexField', 'EmailField', 'FileField', 'ImageField', 'URLField',
'BooleanField', 'NullBooleanField', 'ChoiceField', 'MultipleChoiceField',
'ComboField', 'MultiValueField', 'FloatField', 'DecimalField',
'SplitDateTimeField', 'IPAddressField', 'GenericIPAddressField', 'FilePathField',
'SlugField', 'TypedChoiceField', 'TypedMultipleChoiceField'
)
class Field(object):
widget = TextInput # Default widget to use when rendering this type of Field.
hidden_widget = HiddenInput # Default widget to use when rendering this as "hidden".
default_validators = [] # Default set of validators
default_error_messages = {
'required': _(u'This field is required.'),
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid value.'),
}
# Tracks each time a Field instance is created. Used to retain order.
creation_counter = 0
def __init__(self, required=True, widget=None, label=None, initial=None,
help_text=None, error_messages=None, show_hidden_initial=False,
validators=[], localize=False):
# required -- Boolean that specifies whether the field is required.
# True by default.
# widget -- A Widget class, or instance of a Widget class, that should
# be used for this Field when displaying it. Each Field has a
# default Widget that it'll use if you don't specify this. In
# most cases, the default widget is TextInput.
# label -- A verbose name for this field, for use in displaying this
# field in a form. By default, Django will use a "pretty"
# version of the form field name, if the Field is part of a
# Form.
# initial -- A value to use in this Field's initial display. This value
# is *not* used as a fallback if data isn't given.
# help_text -- An optional string to use as "help text" for this Field.
# error_messages -- An optional dictionary to override the default
# messages that the field will raise.
# show_hidden_initial -- Boolean that specifies if it is needed to render a
# hidden widget with initial value after widget.
# validators -- List of addtional validators to use
# localize -- Boolean that specifies if the field should be localized.
if label is not None:
label = smart_unicode(label)
self.required, self.label, self.initial = required, label, initial
self.show_hidden_initial = show_hidden_initial
if help_text is None:
self.help_text = u''
else:
self.help_text = smart_unicode(help_text)
widget = widget or self.widget
if isinstance(widget, type):
widget = widget()
# Trigger the localization machinery if needed.
self.localize = localize
if self.localize:
widget.is_localized = True
# Let the widget know whether it should display as required.
widget.is_required = self.required
# Hook into self.widget_attrs() for any Field-specific HTML attributes.
extra_attrs = self.widget_attrs(widget)
if extra_attrs:
widget.attrs.update(extra_attrs)
self.widget = widget
# Increase the creation counter, and save our local copy.
self.creation_counter = Field.creation_counter
Field.creation_counter += 1
messages = {}
for c in reversed(self.__class__.__mro__):
messages.update(getattr(c, 'default_error_messages', {}))
messages.update(error_messages or {})
self.error_messages = messages
self.validators = self.default_validators + validators
def prepare_value(self, value):
return value
def to_python(self, value):
return value
def validate(self, value):
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES and self.required:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['required'])
def run_validators(self, value):
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return
errors = []
for v in self.validators:
try:
v(value)
except ValidationError, e:
if hasattr(e, 'code') and e.code in self.error_messages:
message = self.error_messages[e.code]
if e.params:
message = message % e.params
errors.append(message)
else:
errors.extend(e.messages)
if errors:
raise ValidationError(errors)
def clean(self, value):
"""
Validates the given value and returns its "cleaned" value as an
appropriate Python object.
Raises ValidationError for any errors.
"""
value = self.to_python(value)
self.validate(value)
self.run_validators(value)
return value
def bound_data(self, data, initial):
"""
Return the value that should be shown for this field on render of a
bound form, given the submitted POST data for the field and the initial
data, if any.
For most fields, this will simply be data; FileFields need to handle it
a bit differently.
"""
return data
def widget_attrs(self, widget):
"""
Given a Widget instance (*not* a Widget class), returns a dictionary of
any HTML attributes that should be added to the Widget, based on this
Field.
"""
return {}
def __deepcopy__(self, memo):
result = copy.copy(self)
memo[id(self)] = result
result.widget = copy.deepcopy(self.widget, memo)
result.validators = self.validators[:]
return result
class CharField(Field):
def __init__(self, max_length=None, min_length=None, *args, **kwargs):
self.max_length, self.min_length = max_length, min_length
super(CharField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if min_length is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MinLengthValidator(min_length))
if max_length is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MaxLengthValidator(max_length))
def to_python(self, value):
"Returns a Unicode object."
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return u''
return smart_unicode(value)
def widget_attrs(self, widget):
attrs = super(CharField, self).widget_attrs(widget)
if self.max_length is not None and isinstance(widget, (TextInput, PasswordInput)):
# The HTML attribute is maxlength, not max_length.
attrs.update({'maxlength': str(self.max_length)})
return attrs
class IntegerField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a whole number.'),
'max_value': _(u'Ensure this value is less than or equal to %(limit_value)s.'),
'min_value': _(u'Ensure this value is greater than or equal to %(limit_value)s.'),
}
def __init__(self, max_value=None, min_value=None, *args, **kwargs):
self.max_value, self.min_value = max_value, min_value
super(IntegerField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if max_value is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MaxValueValidator(max_value))
if min_value is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MinValueValidator(min_value))
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that int() can be called on the input. Returns the result
of int(). Returns None for empty values.
"""
value = super(IntegerField, self).to_python(value)
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if self.localize:
value = formats.sanitize_separators(value)
try:
value = int(str(value))
except (ValueError, TypeError):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
return value
class FloatField(IntegerField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a number.'),
}
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that float() can be called on the input. Returns the result
of float(). Returns None for empty values.
"""
value = super(IntegerField, self).to_python(value)
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if self.localize:
value = formats.sanitize_separators(value)
try:
value = float(value)
except (ValueError, TypeError):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
return value
class DecimalField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a number.'),
'max_value': _(u'Ensure this value is less than or equal to %(limit_value)s.'),
'min_value': _(u'Ensure this value is greater than or equal to %(limit_value)s.'),
'max_digits': _('Ensure that there are no more than %s digits in total.'),
'max_decimal_places': _('Ensure that there are no more than %s decimal places.'),
'max_whole_digits': _('Ensure that there are no more than %s digits before the decimal point.')
}
def __init__(self, max_value=None, min_value=None, max_digits=None, decimal_places=None, *args, **kwargs):
self.max_value, self.min_value = max_value, min_value
self.max_digits, self.decimal_places = max_digits, decimal_places
Field.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
if max_value is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MaxValueValidator(max_value))
if min_value is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MinValueValidator(min_value))
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input is a decimal number. Returns a Decimal
instance. Returns None for empty values. Ensures that there are no more
than max_digits in the number, and no more than decimal_places digits
after the decimal point.
"""
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if self.localize:
value = formats.sanitize_separators(value)
value = smart_str(value).strip()
try:
value = Decimal(value)
except DecimalException:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
return value
def validate(self, value):
super(DecimalField, self).validate(value)
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return
# Check for NaN, Inf and -Inf values. We can't compare directly for NaN,
# since it is never equal to itself. However, NaN is the only value that
# isn't equal to itself, so we can use this to identify NaN
if value != value or value == Decimal("Inf") or value == Decimal("-Inf"):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
sign, digittuple, exponent = value.as_tuple()
decimals = abs(exponent)
# digittuple doesn't include any leading zeros.
digits = len(digittuple)
if decimals > digits:
# We have leading zeros up to or past the decimal point. Count
# everything past the decimal point as a digit. We do not count
# 0 before the decimal point as a digit since that would mean
# we would not allow max_digits = decimal_places.
digits = decimals
whole_digits = digits - decimals
if self.max_digits is not None and digits > self.max_digits:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['max_digits'] % self.max_digits)
if self.decimal_places is not None and decimals > self.decimal_places:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['max_decimal_places'] % self.decimal_places)
if self.max_digits is not None and self.decimal_places is not None and whole_digits > (self.max_digits - self.decimal_places):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['max_whole_digits'] % (self.max_digits - self.decimal_places))
return value
class BaseTemporalField(Field):
def __init__(self, input_formats=None, *args, **kwargs):
super(BaseTemporalField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if input_formats is not None:
self.input_formats = input_formats
def to_python(self, value):
# Try to coerce the value to unicode.
unicode_value = force_unicode(value, strings_only=True)
if isinstance(unicode_value, unicode):
value = unicode_value.strip()
# If unicode, try to strptime against each input format.
if isinstance(value, unicode):
for format in self.input_formats:
try:
return self.strptime(value, format)
except ValueError:
if format.endswith('.%f'):
# Compatibility with datetime in pythons < 2.6.
# See: http://docs.python.org/library/datetime.html#strftime-and-strptime-behavior
if value.count('.') != format.count('.'):
continue
try:
datetime_str, usecs_str = value.rsplit('.', 1)
usecs = int(usecs_str[:6].ljust(6, '0'))
dt = datetime.datetime.strptime(datetime_str, format[:-3])
return dt.replace(microsecond=usecs)
except ValueError:
continue
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
def strptime(self, value, format):
raise NotImplementedError('Subclasses must define this method.')
class DateField(BaseTemporalField):
widget = DateInput
input_formats = formats.get_format_lazy('DATE_INPUT_FORMATS')
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid date.'),
}
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input can be converted to a date. Returns a Python
datetime.date object.
"""
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
return value.date()
if isinstance(value, datetime.date):
return value
return super(DateField, self).to_python(value)
def strptime(self, value, format):
return datetime.datetime.strptime(value, format).date()
class TimeField(BaseTemporalField):
widget = TimeInput
input_formats = formats.get_format_lazy('TIME_INPUT_FORMATS')
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid time.')
}
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input can be converted to a time. Returns a Python
datetime.time object.
"""
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if isinstance(value, datetime.time):
return value
return super(TimeField, self).to_python(value)
def strptime(self, value, format):
return datetime.datetime.strptime(value, format).time()
class DateTimeField(BaseTemporalField):
widget = DateTimeInput
input_formats = formats.get_format_lazy('DATETIME_INPUT_FORMATS')
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid date/time.'),
}
def prepare_value(self, value):
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
value = to_current_timezone(value)
return value
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input can be converted to a datetime. Returns a
Python datetime.datetime object.
"""
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
return from_current_timezone(value)
if isinstance(value, datetime.date):
result = datetime.datetime(value.year, value.month, value.day)
return from_current_timezone(result)
if isinstance(value, list):
# Input comes from a SplitDateTimeWidget, for example. So, it's two
# components: date and time.
if len(value) != 2:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
if value[0] in validators.EMPTY_VALUES and value[1] in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
value = '%s %s' % tuple(value)
result = super(DateTimeField, self).to_python(value)
return from_current_timezone(result)
def strptime(self, value, format):
return datetime.datetime.strptime(value, format)
class RegexField(CharField):
def __init__(self, regex, max_length=None, min_length=None, error_message=None, *args, **kwargs):
"""
regex can be either a string or a compiled regular expression object.
error_message is an optional error message to use, if
'Enter a valid value' is too generic for you.
"""
# error_message is just kept for backwards compatibility:
if error_message:
error_messages = kwargs.get('error_messages') or {}
error_messages['invalid'] = error_message
kwargs['error_messages'] = error_messages
super(RegexField, self).__init__(max_length, min_length, *args, **kwargs)
self._set_regex(regex)
def _get_regex(self):
return self._regex
def _set_regex(self, regex):
if isinstance(regex, basestring):
regex = re.compile(regex)
self._regex = regex
if hasattr(self, '_regex_validator') and self._regex_validator in self.validators:
self.validators.remove(self._regex_validator)
self._regex_validator = validators.RegexValidator(regex=regex)
self.validators.append(self._regex_validator)
regex = property(_get_regex, _set_regex)
class EmailField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid e-mail address.'),
}
default_validators = [validators.validate_email]
def clean(self, value):
value = self.to_python(value).strip()
return super(EmailField, self).clean(value)
class FileField(Field):
widget = ClearableFileInput
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u"No file was submitted. Check the encoding type on the form."),
'missing': _(u"No file was submitted."),
'empty': _(u"The submitted file is empty."),
'max_length': _(u'Ensure this filename has at most %(max)d characters (it has %(length)d).'),
'contradiction': _(u'Please either submit a file or check the clear checkbox, not both.')
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.max_length = kwargs.pop('max_length', None)
self.allow_empty_file = kwargs.pop('allow_empty_file', False)
super(FileField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_python(self, data):
if data in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return None
# UploadedFile objects should have name and size attributes.
try:
file_name = data.name
file_size = data.size
except AttributeError:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
if self.max_length is not None and len(file_name) > self.max_length:
error_values = {'max': self.max_length, 'length': len(file_name)}
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['max_length'] % error_values)
if not file_name:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
if not self.allow_empty_file and not file_size:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['empty'])
return data
def clean(self, data, initial=None):
# If the widget got contradictory inputs, we raise a validation error
if data is FILE_INPUT_CONTRADICTION:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['contradiction'])
# False means the field value should be cleared; further validation is
# not needed.
if data is False:
if not self.required:
return False
# If the field is required, clearing is not possible (the widget
# shouldn't return False data in that case anyway). False is not
# in validators.EMPTY_VALUES; if a False value makes it this far
# it should be validated from here on out as None (so it will be
# caught by the required check).
data = None
if not data and initial:
return initial
return super(FileField, self).clean(data)
def bound_data(self, data, initial):
if data in (None, FILE_INPUT_CONTRADICTION):
return initial
return data
class ImageField(FileField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_image': _(u"Upload a valid image. The file you uploaded was either not an image or a corrupted image."),
}
def to_python(self, data):
"""
Checks that the file-upload field data contains a valid image (GIF, JPG,
PNG, possibly others -- whatever the Python Imaging Library supports).
"""
f = super(ImageField, self).to_python(data)
if f is None:
return None
# Try to import PIL in either of the two ways it can end up installed.
try:
from PIL import Image
except ImportError:
import Image
# We need to get a file object for PIL. We might have a path or we might
# have to read the data into memory.
if hasattr(data, 'temporary_file_path'):
file = data.temporary_file_path()
else:
if hasattr(data, 'read'):
file = StringIO(data.read())
else:
file = StringIO(data['content'])
try:
# load() is the only method that can spot a truncated JPEG,
# but it cannot be called sanely after verify()
trial_image = Image.open(file)
trial_image.load()
# Since we're about to use the file again we have to reset the
# file object if possible.
if hasattr(file, 'reset'):
file.reset()
# verify() is the only method that can spot a corrupt PNG,
# but it must be called immediately after the constructor
trial_image = Image.open(file)
trial_image.verify()
except ImportError:
# Under PyPy, it is possible to import PIL. However, the underlying
# _imaging C module isn't available, so an ImportError will be
# raised. Catch and re-raise.
raise
except Exception: # Python Imaging Library doesn't recognize it as an image
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_image'])
if hasattr(f, 'seek') and callable(f.seek):
f.seek(0)
return f
class URLField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid URL.'),
'invalid_link': _(u'This URL appears to be a broken link.'),
}
def __init__(self, max_length=None, min_length=None, verify_exists=False,
validator_user_agent=validators.URL_VALIDATOR_USER_AGENT, *args, **kwargs):
super(URLField, self).__init__(max_length, min_length, *args,
**kwargs)
self.validators.append(validators.URLValidator(verify_exists=verify_exists, validator_user_agent=validator_user_agent))
def to_python(self, value):
def split_url(url):
"""
Returns a list of url parts via ``urlparse.urlsplit`` (or raises a
``ValidationError`` exception for certain).
"""
try:
return list(urlparse.urlsplit(url))
except ValueError:
# urlparse.urlsplit can raise a ValueError with some
# misformatted URLs.
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
value = super(URLField, self).to_python(value)
if value:
url_fields = split_url(value)
if not url_fields[0]:
# If no URL scheme given, assume http://
url_fields[0] = 'http'
if not url_fields[1]:
# Assume that if no domain is provided, that the path segment
# contains the domain.
url_fields[1] = url_fields[2]
url_fields[2] = ''
# Rebuild the url_fields list, since the domain segment may now
# contain the path too.
url_fields = split_url(urlparse.urlunsplit(url_fields))
if not url_fields[2]:
# the path portion may need to be added before query params
url_fields[2] = '/'
value = urlparse.urlunsplit(url_fields)
return value
class BooleanField(Field):
widget = CheckboxInput
def to_python(self, value):
"""Returns a Python boolean object."""
# Explicitly check for the string 'False', which is what a hidden field
# will submit for False. Also check for '0', since this is what
# RadioSelect will provide. Because bool("True") == bool('1') == True,
# we don't need to handle that explicitly.
if isinstance(value, basestring) and value.lower() in ('false', '0'):
value = False
else:
value = bool(value)
value = super(BooleanField, self).to_python(value)
if not value and self.required:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['required'])
return value
class NullBooleanField(BooleanField):
"""
A field whose valid values are None, True and False. Invalid values are
cleaned to None.
"""
widget = NullBooleanSelect
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Explicitly checks for the string 'True' and 'False', which is what a
hidden field will submit for True and False, and for '1' and '0', which
is what a RadioField will submit. Unlike the Booleanfield we need to
explicitly check for True, because we are not using the bool() function
"""
if value in (True, 'True', '1'):
return True
elif value in (False, 'False', '0'):
return False
else:
return None
def validate(self, value):
pass
class ChoiceField(Field):
widget = Select
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _(u'Select a valid choice. %(value)s is not one of the available choices.'),
}
def __init__(self, choices=(), required=True, widget=None, label=None,
initial=None, help_text=None, *args, **kwargs):
super(ChoiceField, self).__init__(required=required, widget=widget, label=label,
initial=initial, help_text=help_text, *args, **kwargs)
self.choices = choices
def __deepcopy__(self, memo):
result = super(ChoiceField, self).__deepcopy__(memo)
result._choices = copy.deepcopy(self._choices, memo)
return result
def _get_choices(self):
return self._choices
def _set_choices(self, value):
# Setting choices also sets the choices on the widget.
# choices can be any iterable, but we call list() on it because
# it will be consumed more than once.
self._choices = self.widget.choices = list(value)
choices = property(_get_choices, _set_choices)
def to_python(self, value):
"Returns a Unicode object."
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return u''
return smart_unicode(value)
def validate(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input is in self.choices.
"""
super(ChoiceField, self).validate(value)
if value and not self.valid_value(value):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_choice'] % {'value': value})
def valid_value(self, value):
"Check to see if the provided value is a valid choice"
for k, v in self.choices:
if isinstance(v, (list, tuple)):
# This is an optgroup, so look inside the group for options
for k2, v2 in v:
if value == smart_unicode(k2):
return True
else:
if value == smart_unicode(k):
return True
return False
class TypedChoiceField(ChoiceField):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.coerce = kwargs.pop('coerce', lambda val: val)
self.empty_value = kwargs.pop('empty_value', '')
super(TypedChoiceField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the value is in self.choices and can be coerced to the
right type.
"""
value = super(TypedChoiceField, self).to_python(value)
super(TypedChoiceField, self).validate(value)
if value == self.empty_value or value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return self.empty_value
try:
value = self.coerce(value)
except (ValueError, TypeError, ValidationError):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_choice'] % {'value': value})
return value
def validate(self, value):
pass
class MultipleChoiceField(ChoiceField):
hidden_widget = MultipleHiddenInput
widget = SelectMultiple
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _(u'Select a valid choice. %(value)s is not one of the available choices.'),
'invalid_list': _(u'Enter a list of values.'),
}
def to_python(self, value):
if not value:
return []
elif not isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_list'])
return [smart_unicode(val) for val in value]
def validate(self, value):
"""
Validates that the input is a list or tuple.
"""
if self.required and not value:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['required'])
# Validate that each value in the value list is in self.choices.
for val in value:
if not self.valid_value(val):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_choice'] % {'value': val})
class TypedMultipleChoiceField(MultipleChoiceField):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.coerce = kwargs.pop('coerce', lambda val: val)
self.empty_value = kwargs.pop('empty_value', [])
super(TypedMultipleChoiceField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Validates that the values are in self.choices and can be coerced to the
right type.
"""
value = super(TypedMultipleChoiceField, self).to_python(value)
super(TypedMultipleChoiceField, self).validate(value)
if value == self.empty_value or value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return self.empty_value
new_value = []
for choice in value:
try:
new_value.append(self.coerce(choice))
except (ValueError, TypeError, ValidationError):
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_choice'] % {'value': choice})
return new_value
def validate(self, value):
pass
class ComboField(Field):
"""
A Field whose clean() method calls multiple Field clean() methods.
"""
def __init__(self, fields=(), *args, **kwargs):
super(ComboField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
# Set 'required' to False on the individual fields, because the
# required validation will be handled by ComboField, not by those
# individual fields.
for f in fields:
f.required = False
self.fields = fields
def clean(self, value):
"""
Validates the given value against all of self.fields, which is a
list of Field instances.
"""
super(ComboField, self).clean(value)
for field in self.fields:
value = field.clean(value)
return value
class MultiValueField(Field):
"""
A Field that aggregates the logic of multiple Fields.
Its clean() method takes a "decompressed" list of values, which are then
cleaned into a single value according to self.fields. Each value in
this list is cleaned by the corresponding field -- the first value is
cleaned by the first field, the second value is cleaned by the second
field, etc. Once all fields are cleaned, the list of clean values is
"compressed" into a single value.
Subclasses should not have to implement clean(). Instead, they must
implement compress(), which takes a list of valid values and returns a
"compressed" version of those values -- a single value.
You'll probably want to use this with MultiWidget.
"""
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a list of values.'),
}
def __init__(self, fields=(), *args, **kwargs):
super(MultiValueField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
# Set 'required' to False on the individual fields, because the
# required validation will be handled by MultiValueField, not by those
# individual fields.
for f in fields:
f.required = False
self.fields = fields
def validate(self, value):
pass
def clean(self, value):
"""
Validates every value in the given list. A value is validated against
the corresponding Field in self.fields.
For example, if this MultiValueField was instantiated with
fields=(DateField(), TimeField()), clean() would call
DateField.clean(value[0]) and TimeField.clean(value[1]).
"""
clean_data = []
errors = ErrorList()
if not value or isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
if not value or not [v for v in value if v not in validators.EMPTY_VALUES]:
if self.required:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['required'])
else:
return self.compress([])
else:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid'])
for i, field in enumerate(self.fields):
try:
field_value = value[i]
except IndexError:
field_value = None
if self.required and field_value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['required'])
try:
clean_data.append(field.clean(field_value))
except ValidationError, e:
# Collect all validation errors in a single list, which we'll
# raise at the end of clean(), rather than raising a single
# exception for the first error we encounter.
errors.extend(e.messages)
if errors:
raise ValidationError(errors)
out = self.compress(clean_data)
self.validate(out)
self.run_validators(out)
return out
def compress(self, data_list):
"""
Returns a single value for the given list of values. The values can be
assumed to be valid.
For example, if this MultiValueField was instantiated with
fields=(DateField(), TimeField()), this might return a datetime
object created by combining the date and time in data_list.
"""
raise NotImplementedError('Subclasses must implement this method.')
class FilePathField(ChoiceField):
def __init__(self, path, match=None, recursive=False, required=True,
widget=None, label=None, initial=None, help_text=None,
*args, **kwargs):
self.path, self.match, self.recursive = path, match, recursive
super(FilePathField, self).__init__(choices=(), required=required,
widget=widget, label=label, initial=initial, help_text=help_text,
*args, **kwargs)
if self.required:
self.choices = []
else:
self.choices = [("", "---------")]
if self.match is not None:
self.match_re = re.compile(self.match)
if recursive:
for root, dirs, files in sorted(os.walk(self.path)):
for f in files:
if self.match is None or self.match_re.search(f):
f = os.path.join(root, f)
self.choices.append((f, f.replace(path, "", 1)))
else:
try:
for f in sorted(os.listdir(self.path)):
full_file = os.path.join(self.path, f)
if os.path.isfile(full_file) and (self.match is None or self.match_re.search(f)):
self.choices.append((full_file, f))
except OSError:
pass
self.widget.choices = self.choices
class SplitDateTimeField(MultiValueField):
widget = SplitDateTimeWidget
hidden_widget = SplitHiddenDateTimeWidget
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_date': _(u'Enter a valid date.'),
'invalid_time': _(u'Enter a valid time.'),
}
def __init__(self, input_date_formats=None, input_time_formats=None, *args, **kwargs):
errors = self.default_error_messages.copy()
if 'error_messages' in kwargs:
errors.update(kwargs['error_messages'])
localize = kwargs.get('localize', False)
fields = (
DateField(input_formats=input_date_formats,
error_messages={'invalid': errors['invalid_date']},
localize=localize),
TimeField(input_formats=input_time_formats,
error_messages={'invalid': errors['invalid_time']},
localize=localize),
)
super(SplitDateTimeField, self).__init__(fields, *args, **kwargs)
def compress(self, data_list):
if data_list:
# Raise a validation error if time or date is empty
# (possible if SplitDateTimeField has required=False).
if data_list[0] in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_date'])
if data_list[1] in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
raise ValidationError(self.error_messages['invalid_time'])
result = datetime.datetime.combine(*data_list)
return from_current_timezone(result)
return None
class IPAddressField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u'Enter a valid IPv4 address.'),
}
default_validators = [validators.validate_ipv4_address]
class GenericIPAddressField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {}
def __init__(self, protocol='both', unpack_ipv4=False, *args, **kwargs):
self.unpack_ipv4 = unpack_ipv4
self.default_validators, invalid_error_message = \
validators.ip_address_validators(protocol, unpack_ipv4)
self.default_error_messages['invalid'] = invalid_error_message
super(GenericIPAddressField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def to_python(self, value):
if value in validators.EMPTY_VALUES:
return u''
if value and ':' in value:
return clean_ipv6_address(value,
self.unpack_ipv4, self.error_messages['invalid'])
return value
class SlugField(CharField):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _(u"Enter a valid 'slug' consisting of letters, numbers,"
u" underscores or hyphens."),
}
default_validators = [validators.validate_slug]
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