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import datetime
from django.utils import tree
class ExpressionNode(tree.Node):
"""
Base class for all query expressions.
"""
# Arithmetic connectors
ADD = '+'
SUB = '-'
MUL = '*'
DIV = '/'
MOD = '%%' # This is a quoted % operator - it is quoted
# because it can be used in strings that also
# have parameter substitution.
# Bitwise operators - note that these are generated by .bitand()
# and .bitor(), the '&' and '|' are reserved for boolean operator
# usage.
BITAND = '&'
BITOR = '|'
def __init__(self, children=None, connector=None, negated=False):
if children is not None and len(children) > 1 and connector is None:
raise TypeError('You have to specify a connector.')
super(ExpressionNode, self).__init__(children, connector, negated)
def _combine(self, other, connector, reversed, node=None):
if isinstance(other, datetime.timedelta):
return DateModifierNode([self, other], connector)
if reversed:
obj = ExpressionNode([other], connector)
obj.add(node or self, connector)
else:
obj = node or ExpressionNode([self], connector)
obj.add(other, connector)
return obj
###################
# VISITOR METHODS #
###################
def prepare(self, evaluator, query, allow_joins):
return evaluator.prepare_node(self, query, allow_joins)
def evaluate(self, evaluator, qn, connection):
return evaluator.evaluate_node(self, qn, connection)
#############
# OPERATORS #
#############
def __add__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.ADD, False)
def __sub__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.SUB, False)
def __mul__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.MUL, False)
def __truediv__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.DIV, False)
__div__ = __truediv__ # Python 2 compatibility
def __mod__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.MOD, False)
def __and__(self, other):
raise NotImplementedError(
"Use .bitand() and .bitor() for bitwise logical operations."
)
def bitand(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.BITAND, False)
def __or__(self, other):
raise NotImplementedError(
"Use .bitand() and .bitor() for bitwise logical operations."
)
def bitor(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.BITOR, False)
def __radd__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.ADD, True)
def __rsub__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.SUB, True)
def __rmul__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.MUL, True)
def __rtruediv__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.DIV, True)
__rdiv__ = __rtruediv__ # Python 2 compatibility
def __rmod__(self, other):
return self._combine(other, self.MOD, True)
def __rand__(self, other):
raise NotImplementedError(
"Use .bitand() and .bitor() for bitwise logical operations."
)
def __ror__(self, other):
raise NotImplementedError(
"Use .bitand() and .bitor() for bitwise logical operations."
)
def prepare_database_save(self, unused):
return self
class F(ExpressionNode):
"""
An expression representing the value of the given field.
"""
def __init__(self, name):
super(F, self).__init__(None, None, False)
self.name = name
def __deepcopy__(self, memodict):
obj = super(F, self).__deepcopy__(memodict)
obj.name = self.name
return obj
def prepare(self, evaluator, query, allow_joins):
return evaluator.prepare_leaf(self, query, allow_joins)
def evaluate(self, evaluator, qn, connection):
return evaluator.evaluate_leaf(self, qn, connection)
class DateModifierNode(ExpressionNode):
"""
Node that implements the following syntax:
filter(end_date__gt=F('start_date') + datetime.timedelta(days=3, seconds=200))
which translates into:
POSTGRES:
WHERE end_date > (start_date + INTERVAL '3 days 200 seconds')
MYSQL:
WHERE end_date > (start_date + INTERVAL '3 0:0:200:0' DAY_MICROSECOND)
ORACLE:
WHERE end_date > (start_date + INTERVAL '3 00:03:20.000000' DAY(1) TO SECOND(6))
SQLITE:
WHERE end_date > django_format_dtdelta(start_date, "+" "3", "200", "0")
(A custom function is used in order to preserve six digits of fractional
second information on sqlite, and to format both date and datetime values.)
Note that microsecond comparisons are not well supported with MySQL, since
MySQL does not store microsecond information.
Only adding and subtracting timedeltas is supported, attempts to use other
operations raise a TypeError.
"""
def __init__(self, children, connector, negated=False):
if len(children) != 2:
raise TypeError('Must specify a node and a timedelta.')
if not isinstance(children[1], datetime.timedelta):
raise TypeError('Second child must be a timedelta.')
if connector not in (self.ADD, self.SUB):
raise TypeError('Connector must be + or -, not %s' % connector)
super(DateModifierNode, self).__init__(children, connector, negated)
def evaluate(self, evaluator, qn, connection):
return evaluator.evaluate_date_modifier_node(self, qn, connection)
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