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Django 1.3 release notes - UNDER DEVELOPMENT
This page documents release notes for the as-yet-unreleased Django
1.3. As such, it's tentative and subject to change. It provides
up-to-date information for those who are following trunk.
Django 1.3 includes a number of nifty `new features`_, lots of bug
fixes, some minor `backwards incompatible changes`_ and an easy
upgrade path from Django 1.2.
.. _new features: `What's new in Django 1.3`_
.. _backwards incompatible changes: backwards-incompatible-changes-1.3_
What's new in Django 1.3
Class-based views
Django 1.3 adds a framework that allows you to use a class as a view.
This means you can compose a view out of a collection of methods that
can be subclassed and overridden to provide common views of data without
having to write too much code.
Analogs of all the old function-based generic views have been
provided, along with a completely generic view base class that can be
used as the basis for reusable applications that can be easily
See :doc:`the documentation on Class-based Generic Views</topics/class-based-views>`
for more details. There is also a document to help you :doc:`convert
your function-based generic views to class-based
Django 1.3 adds framework-level support for Python's logging module.
This means you can now easily configure and control logging as part of
your Django project. A number of logging handlers and logging calls
have been added to Django's own code as well -- most notably, the
error emails sent on a HTTP 500 server error are now handled as a
logging activity. See :doc:`the documentation on Django's logging
interface </topics/logging>` for more details.
Extended static files handling
Django 1.3 ships with a new contrib app ``'django.contrib.staticfiles'``
to help developers handle the static media files (images, CSS, Javascript,
etc.) that are needed to render a complete web page.
In previous versions of Django, it was common to place static assets in
:setting:`MEDIA_ROOT` along with user-uploaded files, and serve them both at
:setting:`MEDIA_URL`. Part of the purpose of introducing the ``staticfiles``
app is to make it easier to keep static files separate from user-uploaded
files. For this reason, you will probably want to make your
:setting:`MEDIA_ROOT` and :setting:`MEDIA_URL` different from your
:setting:`STATIC_ROOT` and :setting:`STATIC_URL`. You will need to
arrange for serving of files in :setting:`MEDIA_ROOT` yourself;
``staticfiles`` does not deal with user-uploaded media at all.
See the :doc:`reference documentation of the app </ref/contrib/staticfiles>`
for more details or learn how to :doc:`manage static files
``unittest2`` support
Python 2.7 introduced some major changes to the unittest library,
adding some extremely useful features. To ensure that every Django
project can benefit from these new features, Django ships with a
copy of unittest2_, a copy of the Python 2.7 unittest library,
backported for Python 2.4 compatibility.
To access this library, Django provides the
``django.utils.unittest`` module alias. If you are using Python
2.7, or you have installed unittest2 locally, Django will map the
alias to the installed version of the unittest library. Otherwise,
Django will use it's own bundled version of unittest2.
To use this alias, simply use::
from django.utils import unittest
wherever you would have historically used::
import unittest
If you want to continue to use the base unittest libary, you can --
you just won't get any of the nice new unittest2 features.
.. _unittest2:
Transaction context managers
Users of Python 2.5 and above may now use :ref:`transaction management functions
<transaction-management-functions>` as `context managers`_. For example::
with transaction.autocommit():
# ...
.. _context managers:
For more information, see :ref:`transaction-management-functions`.
Configurable delete-cascade
:class:`~django.db.models.ForeignKey` and
:class:`~django.db.models.OneToOneField` now accept an
:attr:`~django.db.models.ForeignKey.on_delete` argument to customize behavior
when the referenced object is deleted. Previously, deletes were always
cascaded; available alternatives now include set null, set default, set to any
value, protect, or do nothing.
For more information, see the :attr:`~django.db.models.ForeignKey.on_delete`
Contextual markers and comments for translatable strings
For translation strings with ambiguous meaning, you can now
use the ``pgettext`` function to specify the context of the string.
And if you just want to add some information for translators, you
can also add special translator comments in the source.
For more information, see :ref:`contextual-markers` and
It can sometimes be beneficial to allow decorators or middleware to
modify a response *after* it has been constructed by the view. For
example, you may want to change the template that is used, or put
additional data into the context.
However, you can't (easily) modify the content of a basic
:class:`~django.http.HttpResponse` after it has been constructed. To
overcome this limitation, Django 1.3 adds a new
:class:`~django.template.TemplateResponse` class. Unlike basic
:class:`~django.http.HttpResponse` objects,
:class:`~django.template.TemplateResponse` objects retain the details
of the template and context that was provided by the view to compute
the response. The final output of the response is not computed until
it is needed, later in the response process.
For more details, see the :doc:`documentation </ref/template-response>`
on the :class:`~django.template.TemplateResponse` class.
Caching changes
Django 1.3 sees the introduction of several improvements to the
Django's caching infrastructure.
Firstly, Django now supports multiple named caches. In the same way
that Django 1.2 introduced support for multiple database connections,
Django 1.3 allows you to use the new :setting:`CACHES` setting to
define multiple named cache connections.
Secondly, :ref:`Versioning <cache_versioning>`, :ref:`site-wide
prefixing <cache_key_prefixing>` and :ref:`transformation
<cache_key_transformation>` has been added to the cache API.
Thirdly, the :ref:`cache key creation <using-vary-headers>` has been
updated to take the GET request query string into account.
Lastly, support for pylibmc_ has been added to the memcached cache
For more details, see the :doc:`documentation on
caching in Django</topics/cache>`.
.. _pylibmc:
Permissions for inactive users
If you provide a custom auth backend with ``supports_inactive_user`` set to
``True``, an inactive user model will check the backend for permissions.
This is useful for further centralizing the permission handling. See the
:doc:`authentication docs </topics/auth>` for more details.
The GeoDjango test suite is now included when
:ref:`running the Django test suite <running-unit-tests>` with ````
when using :ref:`spatial database backends <spatial-backends>`.
``MEDIA_URL`` and ``STATIC_URL`` must end in a slash
Previously, the ``MEDIA_URL`` setting only required a trailing slash if it
contained a suffix beyond the domain name.
A trailing slash is now *required* for ``MEDIA_URL`` and the new
``STATIC_URL`` setting as long as it is not blank. This ensures there is
a consistent way to combine paths in templates.
Project settings which provide either of both settings without a trailing
slash will now raise a ``PendingDeprecation`` warning.
In Django 1.4 this same condition will raise an ``ImproperlyConfigured``
Everything else
Django :doc:`1.1 <1.1>` and :doc:`1.2 <1.2>` added
lots of big ticket items to Django, like multiple-database support,
model validation, and a session-based messages framework. However,
this focus on big features came at the cost of lots of smaller
To compensate for this, the focus of the Django 1.3 development
process has been on adding lots of smaller, long standing feature
requests. These include:
* Improved tools for accessing and manipulating the current Site.
* A :class:`~django.test.client.RequestFactory` for mocking
requests in tests.
* A new test assertion --
:meth:`~django.test.client.Client.assertNumQueries` -- making it
easier to test the database activity associated with a view.
* Support for lookups spanning relations in admin's ``list_filter``.
* Support for _HTTPOnly cookies.
* :meth:`mail_admins()` and :meth:`mail_managers()` now support
easily attaching HTML content to messages.
* :class:`EmailMessage` now supports CC's.
* Error emails now include more of the detail and formatting of
the debug server error page.
* :meth:`simple_tag` now accepts a :attr:`takes_context` argument,
making it easier to write simple template tags that require
access to template context.
* A new :meth:`~django.shortcuts.render()` shortcut -- an
alternative to :meth:`~django.shortcuts.render_to_response()`
providing a :class:`~django.template.RequestContext` by
* Support for combining :ref:`F() expressions <query-expressions>`
with timedelta values when retrieving or updating database values.
.. _HTTPOnly:
.. _backwards-incompatible-changes-1.3:
Backwards-incompatible changes in 1.3
CSRF exception for AJAX requests
Django includes a CSRF-protection mechanism, which makes use of a
token inserted into outgoing forms. Middleware then checks for the
token's presence on form submission, and validates it.
Prior to Django 1.2.5, our CSRF protection made an exception for AJAX
requests, on the following basis:
* Many AJAX toolkits add an X-Requested-With header when using
* Browsers have strict same-origin policies regarding
* In the context of a browser, the only way that a custom header
of this nature can be added is with XMLHttpRequest.
Therefore, for ease of use, we did not apply CSRF checks to requests
that appeared to be AJAX on the basis of the X-Requested-With header.
The Ruby on Rails web framework had a similar exemption.
Recently, engineers at Google made members of the Ruby on Rails
development team aware of a combination of browser plugins and
redirects which can allow an attacker to provide custom HTTP headers
on a request to any website. This can allow a forged request to appear
to be an AJAX request, thereby defeating CSRF protection which trusts
the same-origin nature of AJAX requests.
Michael Koziarski of the Rails team brought this to our attention, and
we were able to produce a proof-of-concept demonstrating the same
vulnerability in Django's CSRF handling.
To remedy this, Django will now apply full CSRF validation to all
requests, regardless of apparent AJAX origin. This is technically
backwards-incompatible, but the security risks have been judged to
outweigh the compatibility concerns in this case.
Additionally, Django will now accept the CSRF token in the custom HTTP
header X-CSRFTOKEN, as well as in the form submission itself, for ease
of use with popular JavaScript toolkits which allow insertion of
custom headers into all AJAX requests.
Please see the :ref:`CSRF docs for example jQuery code <csrf-ajax>`
that demonstrates this technique, ensuring that you are looking at the
documentation for your version of Django, as the exact code necessary
is different for some older versions of Django.
Restricted filters in admin interface
The Django administrative interface, django.contrib.admin, supports
filtering of displayed lists of objects by fields on the corresponding
models, including across database-level relationships. This is
implemented by passing lookup arguments in the querystring portion of
the URL, and options on the ModelAdmin class allow developers to
specify particular fields or relationships which will generate
automatic links for filtering.
One historically-undocumented and -unofficially-supported feature has
been the ability for a user with sufficient knowledge of a model's
structure and the format of these lookup arguments to invent useful
new filters on the fly by manipulating the querystring.
However, it has been demonstrated that this can be abused to gain
access to information outside of an admin user's permissions; for
example, an attacker with access to the admin and sufficient knowledge
of model structure and relations could construct query strings which --
with repeated use of regular-expression lookups supported by the
Django database API -- expose sensitive information such as users'
password hashes.
To remedy this, django.contrib.admin will now validate that
querystring lookup arguments either specify only fields on the model
being viewed, or cross relations which have been explicitly
whitelisted by the application developer using the pre-existing
mechanism mentioned above. This is backwards-incompatible for any
users relying on the prior ability to insert arbitrary lookups.
FileField no longer deletes files
In earlier Django versions, when a model instance containing a
:class:`~django.db.models.FileField` was deleted,
:class:`~django.db.models.FileField` took it upon itself to also delete the
file from the backend storage. This opened the door to several data-loss
scenarios, including rolled-back transactions and fields on different models
referencing the same file. In Django 1.3, :class:`~django.db.models.FileField`
will never delete files from the backend storage. If you need cleanup of
orphaned files, you'll need to handle it yourself (for instance, with a custom
management command that can be run manually or scheduled to run periodically
via e.g. cron).
PasswordInput default rendering behavior
The :class:`~django.forms.PasswordInput` form widget, intended for use
with form fields which represent passwords, accepts a boolean keyword
argument ``render_value`` indicating whether to send its data back to
the browser when displaying a submitted form with errors. Prior to
Django 1.3, this argument defaulted to ``True``, meaning that the
submitted password would be sent back to the browser as part of the
form. Developers who wished to add a bit of additional security by
excluding that value from the redisplayed form could instantiate a
:class:`~django.forms.PasswordInput` passing ``render_value=False`` .
Due to the sensitive nature of passwords, however, Django 1.3 takes
this step automatically; the default value of ``render_value`` is now
``False``, and developers who want the password value returned to the
browser on a submission with errors (the previous behavior) must now
explicitly indicate this. For example::
class LoginForm(forms.Form):
username = forms.CharField(max_length=100)
password = forms.CharField(widget=forms.PasswordInput(render_value=True))
Clearable default widget for FileField
Django 1.3 now includes a ``ClearableFileInput`` form widget in addition to
``FileInput``. ``ClearableFileInput`` renders with a checkbox to clear the
field's value (if the field has a value and is not required); ``FileInput``
provided no means for clearing an existing file from a ``FileField``.
``ClearableFileInput`` is now the default widget for a ``FileField``, so
existing forms including ``FileField`` without assigning a custom widget will
need to account for the possible extra checkbox in the rendered form output.
To return to the previous rendering (without the ability to clear the
``FileField``), use the ``FileInput`` widget in place of
``ClearableFileInput``. For instance, in a ``ModelForm`` for a hypothetical
``Document`` model with a ``FileField`` named ``document``::
from django import forms
from myapp.models import Document
class DocumentForm(forms.ModelForm):
class Meta:
model = Document
widgets = {'document': forms.FileInput}
New index on database session table
Prior to Django 1.3, the database table used by the database backend
for the :doc:`sessions </topics/http/sessions>` app had no index on
the ``expire_date`` column. As a result, date-based queries on the
session table -- such as the query that is needed to purge old
sessions -- would be very slow if there were lots of sessions.
If you have an existing project that is using the database session
backend, you don't have to do anything to accommodate this change.
However, you may get a significant performance boost if you manually
add the new index to the session table. The SQL that will add the
index can be found by running the :djadmin:`sqlindexes` admin
python sqlindexes sessions
No more naughty words
Django has historically provided (and enforced) a list of profanities.
The :doc:`comments app </ref/contrib/comments/index>` has enforced this
list of profanities, preventing people from submitting comments that
contained one of those profanities.
Unfortunately, the technique used to implement this profanities list
was woefully naive, and prone to the `Scunthorpe problem`_. Fixing the
built in filter to fix this problem would require significant effort,
and since natural language processing isn't the normal domain of a web
framework, we have "fixed" the problem by making the list of
prohibited words an empty list.
If you want to restore the old behavior, simply put a
``PROFANITIES_LIST`` setting in your settings file that includes the
words that you want to prohibit (see the `commit that implemented this
change`_ if you want to see the list of words that was historically
prohibited). However, if avoiding profanities is important to you, you
would be well advised to seek out a better, less naive approach to the
.. _Scunthorpe problem:
.. _commit that implemented this change:
Localflavor changes
Django 1.3 introduces the following backwards-incompatible changes to
local flavors:
* Indonesia (id) -- The province "Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD)"
has been removed from the province list in favor of the new
official designation "Aceh (ACE)".
FormSet updates
In Django 1.3 ``FormSet`` creation behavior is modified slightly. Historically
the class didn't make a distinction between not being passed data and being
passed empty dictionary. This was inconsistent with behavior in other parts of
the framework. Starting with 1.3 if you pass in empty dictionary the
``FormSet`` will raise a ``ValidationError``.
For example with a ``FormSet``::
>>> class ArticleForm(Form):
... title = CharField()
... pub_date = DateField()
>>> ArticleFormSet = formset_factory(ArticleForm)
the following code will raise a ``ValidationError``::
>>> ArticleFormSet({})
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValidationError: [u'ManagementForm data is missing or has been tampered with']
if you need to instantiate an empty ``FormSet``, don't pass in the data or use
>>> formset = ArticleFormSet()
>>> formset = ArticleFormSet(data=None)
Callables in templates
Previously, a callable in a template would only be called automatically as part
of the variable resolution process if it was retrieved via attribute
lookup. This was an inconsistency that could result in confusing and unhelpful
>>> Template("{{ user.get_full_name }}").render(Context({'user': user}))
u'Joe Bloggs'
>>> Template("{{ full_name }}").render(Context({'full_name': user.get_full_name}))
u'&lt;bound method User.get_full_name of &lt;...
This has been resolved in Django 1.3 - the result in both cases will be ``u'Joe
Bloggs'``. Although the previous behaviour was not useful for a template language
designed for web designers, and was never deliberately supported, it is possible
that some templates may be broken by this change.
Use of custom SQL to load initial data in tests
Django provides a custom SQL hooks as a way to inject hand-crafted SQL
into the database synchronization process. One of the possible uses
for this custom SQL is to insert data into your database. If your
custom SQL contains ``INSERT`` statements, those insertions will be
performed every time your database is synchronized. This includes the
synchronization of any test databases that are created when you run a
test suite.
However, in the process of testing the Django 1.3, it was discovered
that this feature has never completely worked as advertised. When
using database backends that don't support transactions, or when using
a TransactionTestCase, data that has been inserted using custom SQL
will not be visible during the testing process.
Unfortunately, there was no way to rectify this problem without
introducing a backwards incompatibility. Rather than leave
SQL-inserted initial data in an uncertain state, Django now enforces
the policy that data inserted by custom SQL will *not* be visible
during testing.
This change only affects the testing process. You can still use custom
SQL to load data into your production database as part of the syncdb
process. If you require data to exist during test conditions, you
should either insert it using :ref:`test fixtures
<topics-testing-fixtures>`, or using the ``setUp()`` method of your
test case.
Changed priority of translation loading
Work has been done to homogeneize, simplify, rationalize and properly document
the algorithm used by Django at runtime to build translations from the
differents translations found on disk, namely:
For translatable literals found in Python code and templates (``'django'``
gettext domain):
* Priorities of translations included with applications listed in the
:setting:`INSTALLED_APPS` setting were changed. To provide a behavior
consistent with other parts of Django that also use such setting (templates,
etc.) now, when building the translation that will be made available, the
apps listed first have higher precedence than the ones listed later.
* Now it is possible to override the translations shipped with applications by
using the :setting:`LOCALE_PATHS` setting whose translations have now higher
precedence than the translations of ``INSTALLED_APPS`` applications.
The relative priority among the values listed in this setting has also been
modified so the paths listed first have higher precedence than the
ones listed later.
* The ``locale`` subdirectory of the directory containing the settings, that
usually coincides with and is know as the *project directory* is being
deprecated in this release as a source of translations. (the precedence of
these translations is intermediate between applications and ``LOCALE_PATHS``
translations). See the `corresponding deprecated features section`_
of this document.
For translatable literals found in Javascript code (``'djangojs'`` gettext
* Similarly to the ``'django'`` domain translations: Overriding of
translations shipped with applications by using the :setting:`LOCALE_PATHS`
setting is now possible for this domain too. These translations have higher
precedence than the translations of Python packages passed to the
:ref:`javascript_catalog view <javascript_catalog-view>`. Paths listed first
have higher precedence than the ones listed later.
* Translations under the ``locale`` sbdirectory of the *project directory* have
never been taken in account for JavaScript translations and remain in the
same situation considering the deprecation of such location.
.. _corresponding deprecated features section: loading_of_translations_from_the_project_directory_
Transaction management
When using managed transactions -- that is, anything but the default
autocommit mode -- it is important when a transaction is marked as
"dirty". Dirty transactions are committed by the
:func:`~django.db.transaction.commit_on_success` decorator or the
:class:`~django.middleware.transaction.TransactionMiddleware`, and
:func:`~django.db.transaction.commit_manually` forces them to be
closed explicitly; clean transactions "get a pass", which means they
are usually rolled back at the end of a request when the connection is
Until Django 1.3, transactions were only marked dirty when Django was
aware of a modifying operation performed in them; that is, either some
model was saved, some bulk update or delete was performed, or the user
explicitly called ``transaction.set_dirty()``. In Django 1.3, a
transaction is marked dirty when *any* database operation is
As a result of this change, you no longer need to set a transaction
dirty explicitly when you execute raw SQL or use a data-modifying
``SELECT``. However, you *do* need to explicitly close any read-only
transactions that are being managed using
:func:`~django.db.transaction.commit_manually`. For example::
def my_view(request, name):
obj = get_object_or_404(MyObject, name__iexact=name)
return render_to_response('template', {'object':obj})
Prior to Django 1.3, this would work without error. However, under
Django 1.3, this will raise a :class:`TransactionManagementError` because
the read operation that retrieves the ``MyObject`` instance leaves the
transaction in a dirty state.
.. _deprecated-features-1.3:
Features deprecated in 1.3
Django 1.3 deprecates some features from earlier releases.
These features are still supported, but will be gradually phased out
over the next few release cycles.
Code taking advantage of any of the features below will raise a
``PendingDeprecationWarning`` in Django 1.3. This warning will be
silent by default, but may be turned on using Python's `warnings
module`_, or by running Python with a ``-Wd`` or `-Wall` flag.
.. _warnings module:
In Django 1.4, these warnings will become a ``DeprecationWarning``,
which is *not* silent. In Django 1.5 support for these features will
be removed entirely.
.. seealso::
For more details, see the documentation :doc:`Django's release process
</internals/release-process>` and our :doc:`deprecation timeline
``mod_python`` support
The ``mod_python`` library has not had a release since 2007 or a commit since
2008. The Apache Foundation board voted to remove ``mod_python`` from the set
of active projects in its version control repositories, and its lead developer
has shifted all of his efforts toward the lighter, slimmer, more stable, and
more flexible ``mod_wsgi`` backend.
If you are currently using the ``mod_python`` request handler, you
should redeploy your Django projects using another request handler.
:doc:`mod_wsgi </howto/deployment/modwsgi>` is the request handler
recommended by the Django project, but :doc:`FastCGI
</howto/deployment/fastcgi>` is also supported. Support for
``mod_python`` deployment will be removed in Django 1.5.
Function-based generic views
As a result of the introduction of class-based generic views, the
function-based generic views provided by Django have been deprecated.
The following modules and the views they contain have been deprecated:
* :mod:`django.views.generic.create_update`
* :mod:`django.views.generic.date_based`
* :mod:`django.views.generic.list_detail`
* :mod:`django.views.generic.simple`
Test client response ``template`` attribute
Django's :ref:`test client <test-client>` returns
:class:`~django.test.client.Response` objects annotated with extra testing
information. In Django versions prior to 1.3, this included a
:attr:`~django.test.client.Response.template` attribute containing information
about templates rendered in generating the response: either None, a single
:class:`~django.template.Template` object, or a list of
:class:`~django.template.Template` objects. This inconsistency in return values
(sometimes a list, sometimes not) made the attribute difficult to work with.
In Django 1.3 the :attr:`~django.test.client.Response.template` attribute is
deprecated in favor of a new :attr:`~django.test.client.Response.templates`
attribute, which is always a list, even if it has only a single element or no
As a result of the introduction of support for unittest2, the features
of :class:`django.test.simple.DjangoTestRunner` (including fail-fast
and Ctrl-C test termination) have been made redundant. In view of this
redundancy, :class:`~django.test.simple.DjangoTestRunner` has been
turned into an empty placeholder class, and will be removed entirely
in Django 1.5.
Changes to :ttag:`url` and :ttag:`ssi`
Most template tags will allow you to pass in either constants or
variables as arguments -- for example::
{% extends "base.html" %}
allows you to specify a base template as a constant, but if you have a
context variable ``templ`` that contains the value ``base.html``::
{% extends templ %}
is also legal.
However, due to an accident of history, the :ttag:`url` and
:ttag:`ssi` are different. These tags use the second, quoteless
syntax, but interpret the argument as a constant. This means it isn't
possible to use a context variable as the target of a :ttag:`url` and
:ttag:`ssi` tag.
Django 1.3 marks the start of the process to correct this historical
accident. Django 1.3 adds a new template library -- ``future`` -- that
provides alternate implementations of the :ttag:`url` and :ttag:`ssi`
template tags. This ``future`` library implement behavior that makes
the handling of the first argument consistent with the handling of all
other variables. So, an existing template that contains::
{% url sample %}
should be replaced with::
{% load url from future %}
{% url 'sample' %}
The tags implementing the old behavior have been deprecated, and in
Django 1.5, the old behavior will be replaced with the new behavior.
To ensure compatibility with future versions of Django, existing
templates should be modified to use the new ``future`` libraries and
Changes to the login methods of the admin
In previous version the admin app defined login methods in multiple locations
and ignored the almost identical implementation in the already used auth app.
A side effect of this duplication was the missing adoption of the changes made
in r12634_ to support a broader set of characters for usernames.
This release refactores the admin's login mechanism to use a subclass of the
:class:`~django.contrib.auth.forms.AuthenticationForm` instead of a manual
form validation. The previously undocumented method
``'django.contrib.admin.sites.AdminSite.display_login_form'`` has been removed
in favor of a new :attr:`~django.contrib.admin.AdminSite.login_form`
.. _r12634:
``reset`` and ``sqlreset`` management commands
Those commands have been deprecated. The ``flush`` and ``sqlflush`` commands
can be used to delete everything. You can also use ALTER TABLE or DROP TABLE
statements manually.
* The function-based :setting:`TEST_RUNNER` previously used to execute
the GeoDjango test suite, :func:`django.contrib.gis.tests.run_gis_tests`,
was deprecated for the class-bassed runner,
* Previously, calling :meth:`~django.contrib.gis.geos.GEOSGeometry.transform`
would silently do nothing when GDAL wasn't available. Now,
a :class:`~django.contrib.gis.geos.GEOSException` is properly raised
to indicate possible faulty application code. A warning is now raised
if :meth:`~django.contrib.gis.geos.GEOSGeometry.transform` is called when
the SRID of the geometry is less than 0 or ``None``.
Previously this field's ``clean()`` method accepted a second, gender, argument
which allowed stronger validation checks to be made, however since this
argument could never actually be passed from the Django form machinery it is
now pending deprecation.
Previously, ``django.http`` exposed an undocumented ``CompatCookie`` class,
which was a bug-fix wrapper around the standard library ``SimpleCookie``. As the
fixes are moving upstream, this is now deprecated - you should use ``from
django.http import SimpleCookie`` instead.
.. _loading_of_translations_from_the_project_directory:
Loading of translations from the project directory
This release of Django starts the deprecation process for inclusion of
translations located under the *project path* in the translation building
process performed at runtime. The :setting:`LOCALE_PATHS` setting can be used
for the same task by including in it the filesystem path to the ``locale``
directory containing project-level translations.
Rationale for this decision:
* The *project path* has always been a loosely defined concept (actually, the
directory used for locating project-level translations is the directory
containing the settings module) and there has been a shift in other parts
of the framework to stop using it as a reference for location of assets at
* Detection of the ``locale`` subdirectory tends to fail when the deployment
scenario is more complex than the basic one. e.g. it fails when the settings
module is a directory (ticket #10765).
* Potential for strange development- and deployment-time problems like the
fact that the ``project_dir/locale/`` subdir can generate spurious error
messages when the project directory is included in the Python path (default
behavior of `` runserver``) and then it clashes with the equally
named standard library module, this is a typical warming message::
/usr/lib/python2.6/ ImportWarning: Not importing directory '/path/to/project/dir/locale': missing
import locale, copy, os, re, struct, sys
* This location wasn't included in the translation building process for
JavaScript literals.
``PermWrapper`` moved to ``django.contrib.auth.context_processors``
In Django 1.2, we began the process of changing the location of the
``auth`` context processor from ``django.core.context_processors`` to
``django.contrib.auth.context_processors``. However, the
``PermWrapper`` support class was mistakenly omitted from that
migration. In Django 1.3, the ``PermWrapper`` class has also been
moved to ``django.contrib.auth.context_processors``, along with the
``PermLookupDict`` support class. The new classes are functionally
identical to their old versions; only the module location has changed.
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