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Form Widget classes specific to the Django admin site.
import copy
import json
from django import forms
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError
from django.db.models.deletion import CASCADE
from django.urls import reverse
from django.urls.exceptions import NoReverseMatch
from django.utils.html import smart_urlquote
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.utils.text import Truncator
from django.utils.translation import get_language, gettext as _
class FilteredSelectMultiple(forms.SelectMultiple):
A SelectMultiple with a JavaScript filter interface.
Note that the resulting JavaScript assumes that the jsi18n
catalog has been loaded in the page
def media(self):
extra = '' if settings.DEBUG else '.min'
js = [
'vendor/jquery/jquery%s.js' % extra,
return forms.Media(js=["admin/js/%s" % path for path in js])
def __init__(self, verbose_name, is_stacked, attrs=None, choices=()):
self.verbose_name = verbose_name
self.is_stacked = is_stacked
super().__init__(attrs, choices)
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
context = super().get_context(name, value, attrs)
context['widget']['attrs']['class'] = 'selectfilter'
if self.is_stacked:
context['widget']['attrs']['class'] += 'stacked'
context['widget']['attrs']['data-field-name'] = self.verbose_name
context['widget']['attrs']['data-is-stacked'] = int(self.is_stacked)
return context
class AdminDateWidget(forms.DateInput):
class Media:
js = [
def __init__(self, attrs=None, format=None):
attrs = {'class': 'vDateField', 'size': '10', **(attrs or {})}
super().__init__(attrs=attrs, format=format)
class AdminTimeWidget(forms.TimeInput):
class Media:
js = [
def __init__(self, attrs=None, format=None):
attrs = {'class': 'vTimeField', 'size': '8', **(attrs or {})}
super().__init__(attrs=attrs, format=format)
class AdminSplitDateTime(forms.SplitDateTimeWidget):
A SplitDateTime Widget that has some admin-specific styling.
template_name = 'admin/widgets/split_datetime.html'
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
widgets = [AdminDateWidget, AdminTimeWidget]
# Note that we're calling MultiWidget, not SplitDateTimeWidget, because
# we want to define widgets.
forms.MultiWidget.__init__(self, widgets, attrs)
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
context = super().get_context(name, value, attrs)
context['date_label'] = _('Date:')
context['time_label'] = _('Time:')
return context
class AdminRadioSelect(forms.RadioSelect):
template_name = 'admin/widgets/radio.html'
class AdminFileWidget(forms.ClearableFileInput):
template_name = 'admin/widgets/clearable_file_input.html'
def url_params_from_lookup_dict(lookups):
Convert the type of lookups specified in a ForeignKey limit_choices_to
attribute to a dictionary of query parameters
params = {}
if lookups and hasattr(lookups, 'items'):
for k, v in lookups.items():
if callable(v):
v = v()
if isinstance(v, (tuple, list)):
v = ','.join(str(x) for x in v)
elif isinstance(v, bool):
v = ('0', '1')[v]
v = str(v)
params[k] = v
return params
class ForeignKeyRawIdWidget(forms.TextInput):
A Widget for displaying ForeignKeys in the "raw_id" interface rather than
in a <select> box.
template_name = 'admin/widgets/foreign_key_raw_id.html'
def __init__(self, rel, admin_site, attrs=None, using=None):
self.rel = rel
self.admin_site = admin_site
self.db = using
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
context = super().get_context(name, value, attrs)
rel_to = self.rel.model
if rel_to in self.admin_site._registry:
# The related object is registered with the same AdminSite
related_url = reverse(
'admin:%s_%s_changelist' % (
params = self.url_parameters()
if params:
related_url += '?' + '&amp;'.join('%s=%s' % (k, v) for k, v in params.items())
context['related_url'] = mark_safe(related_url)
context['link_title'] = _('Lookup')
# The JavaScript code looks for this class.
context['widget']['attrs'].setdefault('class', 'vForeignKeyRawIdAdminField')
context['related_url'] = None
if context['widget']['value']:
context['link_label'], context['link_url'] = self.label_and_url_for_value(value)
context['link_label'] = None
return context
def base_url_parameters(self):
limit_choices_to = self.rel.limit_choices_to
if callable(limit_choices_to):
limit_choices_to = limit_choices_to()
return url_params_from_lookup_dict(limit_choices_to)
def url_parameters(self):
from django.contrib.admin.views.main import TO_FIELD_VAR
params = self.base_url_parameters()
params.update({TO_FIELD_VAR: self.rel.get_related_field().name})
return params
def label_and_url_for_value(self, value):
key = self.rel.get_related_field().name
obj = self.rel.model._default_manager.using(self.db).get(**{key: value})
except (ValueError, self.rel.model.DoesNotExist, ValidationError):
return '', ''
url = reverse(
'%s:%s_%s_change' % (,
except NoReverseMatch:
url = '' # Admin not registered for target model.
return Truncator(obj).words(14), url
class ManyToManyRawIdWidget(ForeignKeyRawIdWidget):
A Widget for displaying ManyToMany ids in the "raw_id" interface rather than
in a <select multiple> box.
template_name = 'admin/widgets/many_to_many_raw_id.html'
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
context = super().get_context(name, value, attrs)
if self.rel.model in self.admin_site._registry:
# The related object is registered with the same AdminSite
context['widget']['attrs']['class'] = 'vManyToManyRawIdAdminField'
return context
def url_parameters(self):
return self.base_url_parameters()
def label_and_url_for_value(self, value):
return '', ''
def value_from_datadict(self, data, files, name):
value = data.get(name)
if value:
return value.split(',')
def format_value(self, value):
return ','.join(str(v) for v in value) if value else ''
class RelatedFieldWidgetWrapper(forms.Widget):
This class is a wrapper to a given widget to add the add icon for the
admin interface.
template_name = 'admin/widgets/related_widget_wrapper.html'
def __init__(self, widget, rel, admin_site, can_add_related=None,
can_change_related=False, can_delete_related=False,
self.needs_multipart_form = widget.needs_multipart_form
self.attrs = widget.attrs
self.choices = widget.choices
self.widget = widget
self.rel = rel
# Backwards compatible check for whether a user can add related
# objects.
if can_add_related is None:
can_add_related = rel.model in admin_site._registry
self.can_add_related = can_add_related
# XXX: The UX does not support multiple selected values.
multiple = getattr(widget, 'allow_multiple_selected', False)
self.can_change_related = not multiple and can_change_related
# XXX: The deletion UX can be confusing when dealing with cascading deletion.
cascade = getattr(rel, 'on_delete', None) is CASCADE
self.can_delete_related = not multiple and not cascade and can_delete_related
self.can_view_related = not multiple and can_view_related
# so we can check if the related object is registered with this AdminSite
self.admin_site = admin_site
def __deepcopy__(self, memo):
obj = copy.copy(self)
obj.widget = copy.deepcopy(self.widget, memo)
obj.attrs = self.widget.attrs
memo[id(self)] = obj
return obj
def is_hidden(self):
return self.widget.is_hidden
def media(self):
def get_related_url(self, info, action, *args):
return reverse("admin:%s_%s_%s" % (info + (action,)),, args=args)
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
from django.contrib.admin.views.main import IS_POPUP_VAR, TO_FIELD_VAR
rel_opts = self.rel.model._meta
info = (rel_opts.app_label, rel_opts.model_name)
self.widget.choices = self.choices
url_params = '&'.join("%s=%s" % param for param in [
(TO_FIELD_VAR, self.rel.get_related_field().name),
context = {
'rendered_widget': self.widget.render(name, value, attrs),
'is_hidden': self.is_hidden,
'name': name,
'url_params': url_params,
'model': rel_opts.verbose_name,
'can_add_related': self.can_add_related,
'can_change_related': self.can_change_related,
'can_delete_related': self.can_delete_related,
'can_view_related': self.can_view_related,
if self.can_add_related:
context['add_related_url'] = self.get_related_url(info, 'add')
if self.can_delete_related:
context['delete_related_template_url'] = self.get_related_url(info, 'delete', '__fk__')
if self.can_view_related or self.can_change_related:
context['change_related_template_url'] = self.get_related_url(info, 'change', '__fk__')
return context
def value_from_datadict(self, data, files, name):
return self.widget.value_from_datadict(data, files, name)
def value_omitted_from_data(self, data, files, name):
return self.widget.value_omitted_from_data(data, files, name)
def id_for_label(self, id_):
return self.widget.id_for_label(id_)
class AdminTextareaWidget(forms.Textarea):
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': 'vLargeTextField', **(attrs or {})})
class AdminTextInputWidget(forms.TextInput):
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': 'vTextField', **(attrs or {})})
class AdminEmailInputWidget(forms.EmailInput):
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': 'vTextField', **(attrs or {})})
class AdminURLFieldWidget(forms.URLInput):
template_name = 'admin/widgets/url.html'
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': 'vURLField', **(attrs or {})})
def get_context(self, name, value, attrs):
context = super().get_context(name, value, attrs)
context['current_label'] = _('Currently:')
context['change_label'] = _('Change:')
context['widget']['href'] = smart_urlquote(context['widget']['value']) if value else ''
return context
class AdminIntegerFieldWidget(forms.NumberInput):
class_name = 'vIntegerField'
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': self.class_name, **(attrs or {})})
class AdminBigIntegerFieldWidget(AdminIntegerFieldWidget):
class_name = 'vBigIntegerField'
class AdminUUIDInputWidget(forms.TextInput):
def __init__(self, attrs=None):
super().__init__(attrs={'class': 'vUUIDField', **(attrs or {})})
# Mapping of lowercase language codes [returned by Django's get_language()] to
# language codes supported by select2.
# See django/contrib/admin/static/admin/js/vendor/select2/i18n/*
SELECT2_TRANSLATIONS = {x.lower(): x for x in [
'ar', 'az', 'bg', 'ca', 'cs', 'da', 'de', 'el', 'en', 'es', 'et',
'eu', 'fa', 'fi', 'fr', 'gl', 'he', 'hi', 'hr', 'hu', 'id', 'is',
'it', 'ja', 'km', 'ko', 'lt', 'lv', 'mk', 'ms', 'nb', 'nl', 'pl',
'pt-BR', 'pt', 'ro', 'ru', 'sk', 'sr-Cyrl', 'sr', 'sv', 'th',
'tr', 'uk', 'vi',
SELECT2_TRANSLATIONS.update({'zh-hans': 'zh-CN', 'zh-hant': 'zh-TW'})
class AutocompleteMixin:
Select widget mixin that loads options from AutocompleteJsonView via AJAX.
Renders the necessary data attributes for select2 and adds the static form
url_name = '%s:%s_%s_autocomplete'
def __init__(self, rel, admin_site, attrs=None, choices=(), using=None):
self.rel = rel
self.admin_site = admin_site
self.db = using
self.choices = choices
self.attrs = {} if attrs is None else attrs.copy()
def get_url(self):
model = self.rel.model
return reverse(self.url_name % (, model._meta.app_label, model._meta.model_name))
def build_attrs(self, base_attrs, extra_attrs=None):
Set select2's AJAX attributes.
Attributes can be set using the html5 data attribute.
Nested attributes require a double dash as per
attrs = super().build_attrs(base_attrs, extra_attrs=extra_attrs)
attrs.setdefault('class', '')
'data-ajax--cache': 'true',
'data-ajax--type': 'GET',
'data-ajax--url': self.get_url(),
'data-theme': 'admin-autocomplete',
'data-allow-clear': json.dumps(not self.is_required),
'data-placeholder': '', # Allows clearing of the input.
'class': attrs['class'] + (' ' if attrs['class'] else '') + 'admin-autocomplete',
return attrs
def optgroups(self, name, value, attr=None):
"""Return selected options based on the ModelChoiceIterator."""
default = (None, [], 0)
groups = [default]
has_selected = False
selected_choices = {
str(v) for v in value
if str(v) not in self.choices.field.empty_values
if not self.is_required and not self.allow_multiple_selected:
default[1].append(self.create_option(name, '', '', False, 0))
choices = (
(, self.choices.field.label_from_instance(obj))
for obj in self.choices.queryset.using(self.db).filter(pk__in=selected_choices)
for option_value, option_label in choices:
selected = (
str(option_value) in value and
(has_selected is False or self.allow_multiple_selected)
has_selected |= selected
index = len(default[1])
subgroup = default[1]
subgroup.append(self.create_option(name, option_value, option_label, selected_choices, index))
return groups
def media(self):
extra = '' if settings.DEBUG else '.min'
i18n_name = SELECT2_TRANSLATIONS.get(get_language())
i18n_file = ('admin/js/vendor/select2/i18n/%s.js' % i18n_name,) if i18n_name else ()
return forms.Media(
'admin/js/vendor/jquery/jquery%s.js' % extra,
'admin/js/vendor/select2/select2.full%s.js' % extra,
) + i18n_file + (
'screen': (
'admin/css/vendor/select2/select2%s.css' % extra,
class AutocompleteSelect(AutocompleteMixin, forms.Select):
class AutocompleteSelectMultiple(AutocompleteMixin, forms.SelectMultiple):
You can’t perform that action at this time.