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from django.conf import settings
from django.conf.urls import url
from django.contrib import admin, messages
from django.contrib.admin.options import IS_POPUP_VAR
from django.contrib.admin.utils import unquote
from django.contrib.auth import update_session_auth_hash
from django.contrib.auth.forms import (
AdminPasswordChangeForm, UserChangeForm, UserCreationForm,
from django.contrib.auth.models import Group, User
from django.core.exceptions import PermissionDenied
from django.db import router, transaction
from django.http import Http404, HttpResponseRedirect
from django.template.response import TemplateResponse
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.decorators import method_decorator
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.html import escape
from django.utils.translation import gettext, gettext_lazy as _
from django.views.decorators.csrf import csrf_protect
from django.views.decorators.debug import sensitive_post_parameters
csrf_protect_m = method_decorator(csrf_protect)
sensitive_post_parameters_m = method_decorator(sensitive_post_parameters())
class GroupAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
search_fields = ('name',)
ordering = ('name',)
filter_horizontal = ('permissions',)
def formfield_for_manytomany(self, db_field, request=None, **kwargs):
if == 'permissions':
qs = kwargs.get('queryset', db_field.remote_field.model.objects)
# Avoid a major performance hit resolving permission names which
# triggers a content_type load:
kwargs['queryset'] = qs.select_related('content_type')
return super().formfield_for_manytomany(db_field, request=request, **kwargs)
class UserAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
add_form_template = 'admin/auth/user/add_form.html'
change_user_password_template = None
fieldsets = (
(None, {'fields': ('username', 'password')}),
(_('Personal info'), {'fields': ('first_name', 'last_name', 'email')}),
(_('Permissions'), {'fields': ('is_active', 'is_staff', 'is_superuser',
'groups', 'user_permissions')}),
(_('Important dates'), {'fields': ('last_login', 'date_joined')}),
add_fieldsets = (
(None, {
'classes': ('wide',),
'fields': ('username', 'password1', 'password2'),
form = UserChangeForm
add_form = UserCreationForm
change_password_form = AdminPasswordChangeForm
list_display = ('username', 'email', 'first_name', 'last_name', 'is_staff')
list_filter = ('is_staff', 'is_superuser', 'is_active', 'groups')
search_fields = ('username', 'first_name', 'last_name', 'email')
ordering = ('username',)
filter_horizontal = ('groups', 'user_permissions',)
def get_fieldsets(self, request, obj=None):
if not obj:
return self.add_fieldsets
return super().get_fieldsets(request, obj)
def get_form(self, request, obj=None, **kwargs):
Use special form during user creation
defaults = {}
if obj is None:
defaults['form'] = self.add_form
return super().get_form(request, obj, **defaults)
def get_urls(self):
return [
] + super().get_urls()
def lookup_allowed(self, lookup, value):
# See #20078: we don't want to allow any lookups involving passwords.
if lookup.startswith('password'):
return False
return super().lookup_allowed(lookup, value)
def add_view(self, request, form_url='', extra_context=None):
with transaction.atomic(using=router.db_for_write(self.model)):
return self._add_view(request, form_url, extra_context)
def _add_view(self, request, form_url='', extra_context=None):
# It's an error for a user to have add permission but NOT change
# permission for users. If we allowed such users to add users, they
# could create superusers, which would mean they would essentially have
# the permission to change users. To avoid the problem entirely, we
# disallow users from adding users if they don't have change
# permission.
if not self.has_change_permission(request):
if self.has_add_permission(request) and settings.DEBUG:
# Raise Http404 in debug mode so that the user gets a helpful
# error message.
raise Http404(
'Your user does not have the "Change user" permission. In '
'order to add users, Django requires that your user '
'account have both the "Add user" and "Change user" '
'permissions set.')
raise PermissionDenied
if extra_context is None:
extra_context = {}
username_field = self.model._meta.get_field(self.model.USERNAME_FIELD)
defaults = {
'auto_populated_fields': (),
'username_help_text': username_field.help_text,
return super().add_view(request, form_url, extra_context)
def user_change_password(self, request, id, form_url=''):
if not self.has_change_permission(request):
raise PermissionDenied
user = self.get_object(request, unquote(id))
if user is None:
raise Http404(_('%(name)s object with primary key %(key)r does not exist.') % {
'name': force_text(self.model._meta.verbose_name),
'key': escape(id),
if request.method == 'POST':
form = self.change_password_form(user, request.POST)
if form.is_valid():
change_message = self.construct_change_message(request, form, None)
self.log_change(request, user, change_message)
msg = gettext('Password changed successfully.')
messages.success(request, msg)
update_session_auth_hash(request, form.user)
return HttpResponseRedirect(
'%s:%s_%s_change' % (,
form = self.change_password_form(user)
fieldsets = [(None, {'fields': list(form.base_fields)})]
adminForm = admin.helpers.AdminForm(form, fieldsets, {})
context = {
'title': _('Change password: %s') % escape(user.get_username()),
'adminForm': adminForm,
'form_url': form_url,
'form': form,
'is_popup': (IS_POPUP_VAR in request.POST or
IS_POPUP_VAR in request.GET),
'add': True,
'change': False,
'has_delete_permission': False,
'has_change_permission': True,
'has_absolute_url': False,
'opts': self.model._meta,
'original': user,
'save_as': False,
'show_save': True,
request.current_app =
return TemplateResponse(
self.change_user_password_template or
def response_add(self, request, obj, post_url_continue=None):
Determine the HttpResponse for the add_view stage. It mostly defers to
its superclass implementation but is customized because the User model
has a slightly different workflow.
# We should allow further modification of the user just added i.e. the
# 'Save' button should behave like the 'Save and continue editing'
# button except in two scenarios:
# * The user has pressed the 'Save and add another' button
# * We are adding a user in a popup
if '_addanother' not in request.POST and IS_POPUP_VAR not in request.POST:
request.POST = request.POST.copy()
request.POST['_continue'] = 1
return super().response_add(request, obj, post_url_continue)