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from functools import wraps
from urllib.parse import urlparse
from django.conf import settings
from django.contrib.auth import REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME
from django.core.exceptions import PermissionDenied
from django.shortcuts import resolve_url
def user_passes_test(test_func, login_url=None, redirect_field_name=REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME):
Decorator for views that checks that the user passes the given test,
redirecting to the log-in page if necessary. The test should be a callable
that takes the user object and returns True if the user passes.
def decorator(view_func):
def _wrapped_view(request, *args, **kwargs):
if test_func(request.user):
return view_func(request, *args, **kwargs)
path = request.build_absolute_uri()
resolved_login_url = resolve_url(login_url or settings.LOGIN_URL)
# If the login url is the same scheme and net location then just
# use the path as the "next" url.
login_scheme, login_netloc = urlparse(resolved_login_url)[:2]
current_scheme, current_netloc = urlparse(path)[:2]
if ((not login_scheme or login_scheme == current_scheme) and
(not login_netloc or login_netloc == current_netloc)):
path = request.get_full_path()
from django.contrib.auth.views import redirect_to_login
return redirect_to_login(
path, resolved_login_url, redirect_field_name)
return _wrapped_view
return decorator
def login_required(function=None, redirect_field_name=REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME, login_url=None):
Decorator for views that checks that the user is logged in, redirecting
to the log-in page if necessary.
actual_decorator = user_passes_test(
lambda u: u.is_authenticated,
if function:
return actual_decorator(function)
return actual_decorator
def permission_required(perm, login_url=None, raise_exception=False):
Decorator for views that checks whether a user has a particular permission
enabled, redirecting to the log-in page if necessary.
If the raise_exception parameter is given the PermissionDenied exception
is raised.
def check_perms(user):
if isinstance(perm, str):
perms = (perm,)
perms = perm
# First check if the user has the permission (even anon users)
if user.has_perms(perms):
return True
# In case the 403 handler should be called raise the exception
if raise_exception:
raise PermissionDenied
# As the last resort, show the login form
return False
return user_passes_test(check_perms, login_url=login_url)