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from __future__ import unicode_literals

import base64
from datetime import datetime, timedelta
import logging
import string

from django.conf import settings
from django.core.exceptions import SuspiciousOperation
from django.utils.crypto import constant_time_compare
from django.utils.crypto import get_random_string
from django.utils.crypto import salted_hmac
from django.utils import timezone
from django.utils.encoding import force_bytes, force_text
from django.utils.module_loading import import_string

from django.contrib.sessions.exceptions import SuspiciousSession

# session_key should not be case sensitive because some backends can store it
# on case insensitive file systems.
VALID_KEY_CHARS = string.ascii_lowercase + string.digits


class CreateError(Exception):
    """
Used internally as a consistent exception type to catch from save (see the
docstring for SessionBase.save() for details).
"""
    pass


class SessionBase(object):
    """
Base class for all Session classes.
"""
    TEST_COOKIE_NAME = 'testcookie'
    TEST_COOKIE_VALUE = 'worked'

    def __init__(self, session_key=None):
        self._session_key = session_key
        self.accessed = False
        self.modified = False
        self.serializer = import_string(settings.SESSION_SERIALIZER)

    def __contains__(self, key):
        return key in self._session

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        return self._session[key]

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        self._session[key] = value
        self.modified = True

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        del self._session[key]
        self.modified = True

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        return self._session.get(key, default)

    def pop(self, key, *args):
        self.modified = self.modified or key in self._session
        return self._session.pop(key, *args)

    def setdefault(self, key, value):
        if key in self._session:
            return self._session[key]
        else:
            self.modified = True
            self._session[key] = value
            return value

    def set_test_cookie(self):
        self[self.TEST_COOKIE_NAME] = self.TEST_COOKIE_VALUE

    def test_cookie_worked(self):
        return self.get(self.TEST_COOKIE_NAME) == self.TEST_COOKIE_VALUE

    def delete_test_cookie(self):
        del self[self.TEST_COOKIE_NAME]

    def _hash(self, value):
        key_salt = "django.contrib.sessions" + self.__class__.__name__
        return salted_hmac(key_salt, value).hexdigest()

    def encode(self, session_dict):
        "Returns the given session dictionary serialized and encoded as a string."
        serialized = self.serializer().dumps(session_dict)
        hash = self._hash(serialized)
        return base64.b64encode(hash.encode() + b":" + serialized).decode('ascii')

    def decode(self, session_data):
        encoded_data = base64.b64decode(force_bytes(session_data))
        try:
            # could produce ValueError if there is no ':'
            hash, serialized = encoded_data.split(b':', 1)
            expected_hash = self._hash(serialized)
            if not constant_time_compare(hash.decode(), expected_hash):
                raise SuspiciousSession("Session data corrupted")
            else:
                return self.serializer().loads(serialized)
        except Exception as e:
            # ValueError, SuspiciousOperation, unpickling exceptions. If any of
            # these happen, just return an empty dictionary (an empty session).
            if isinstance(e, SuspiciousOperation):
                logger = logging.getLogger('django.security.%s' %
                        e.__class__.__name__)
                logger.warning(force_text(e))
            return {}

    def update(self, dict_):
        self._session.update(dict_)
        self.modified = True

    def has_key(self, key):
        return key in self._session

    def keys(self):
        return self._session.keys()

    def values(self):
        return self._session.values()

    def items(self):
        return self._session.items()

    def iterkeys(self):
        return self._session.iterkeys()

    def itervalues(self):
        return self._session.itervalues()

    def iteritems(self):
        return self._session.iteritems()

    def clear(self):
        # To avoid unnecessary persistent storage accesses, we set up the
        # internals directly (loading data wastes time, since we are going to
        # set it to an empty dict anyway).
        self._session_cache = {}
        self.accessed = True
        self.modified = True

    def _get_new_session_key(self):
        "Returns session key that isn't being used."
        while True:
            session_key = get_random_string(32, VALID_KEY_CHARS)
            if not self.exists(session_key):
                break
        return session_key

    def _get_or_create_session_key(self):
        if self._session_key is None:
            self._session_key = self._get_new_session_key()
        return self._session_key

    def _get_session_key(self):
        return self._session_key

    session_key = property(_get_session_key)

    def _get_session(self, no_load=False):
        """
Lazily loads session from storage (unless "no_load" is True, when only
an empty dict is stored) and stores it in the current instance.
"""
        self.accessed = True
        try:
            return self._session_cache
        except AttributeError:
            if self.session_key is None or no_load:
                self._session_cache = {}
            else:
                self._session_cache = self.load()
        return self._session_cache

    _session = property(_get_session)

    def get_expiry_age(self, **kwargs):
        """Get the number of seconds until the session expires.

Optionally, this function accepts `modification` and `expiry` keyword
arguments specifying the modification and expiry of the session.
"""
        try:
            modification = kwargs['modification']
        except KeyError:
            modification = timezone.now()
        # Make the difference between "expiry=None passed in kwargs" and
        # "expiry not passed in kwargs", in order to guarantee not to trigger
        # self.load() when expiry is provided.
        try:
            expiry = kwargs['expiry']
        except KeyError:
            expiry = self.get('_session_expiry')

        if not expiry: # Checks both None and 0 cases
            return settings.SESSION_COOKIE_AGE
        if not isinstance(expiry, datetime):
            return expiry
        delta = expiry - modification
        return delta.days * 86400 + delta.seconds

    def get_expiry_date(self, **kwargs):
        """Get session the expiry date (as a datetime object).

Optionally, this function accepts `modification` and `expiry` keyword
arguments specifying the modification and expiry of the session.
"""
        try:
            modification = kwargs['modification']
        except KeyError:
            modification = timezone.now()
        # Same comment as in get_expiry_age
        try:
            expiry = kwargs['expiry']
        except KeyError:
            expiry = self.get('_session_expiry')

        if isinstance(expiry, datetime):
            return expiry
        if not expiry: # Checks both None and 0 cases
            expiry = settings.SESSION_COOKIE_AGE
        return modification + timedelta(seconds=expiry)

    def set_expiry(self, value):
        """
Sets a custom expiration for the session. ``value`` can be an integer,
a Python ``datetime`` or ``timedelta`` object or ``None``.

If ``value`` is an integer, the session will expire after that many
seconds of inactivity. If set to ``0`` then the session will expire on
browser close.

If ``value`` is a ``datetime`` or ``timedelta`` object, the session
will expire at that specific future time.

If ``value`` is ``None``, the session uses the global session expiry
policy.
"""
        if value is None:
            # Remove any custom expiration for this session.
            try:
                del self['_session_expiry']
            except KeyError:
                pass
            return
        if isinstance(value, timedelta):
            value = timezone.now() + value
        self['_session_expiry'] = value

    def get_expire_at_browser_close(self):
        """
Returns ``True`` if the session is set to expire when the browser
closes, and ``False`` if there's an expiry date. Use
``get_expiry_date()`` or ``get_expiry_age()`` to find the actual expiry
date/age, if there is one.
"""
        if self.get('_session_expiry') is None:
            return settings.SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE
        return self.get('_session_expiry') == 0

    def flush(self):
        """
Removes the current session data from the database and regenerates the
key.
"""
        self.clear()
        self.delete()
        self.create()

    def cycle_key(self):
        """
Creates a new session key, whilst retaining the current session data.
"""
        data = self._session_cache
        key = self.session_key
        self.create()
        self._session_cache = data
        self.delete(key)

    # Methods that child classes must implement.

    def exists(self, session_key):
        """
Returns True if the given session_key already exists.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SessionBase must provide an exists() method')

    def create(self):
        """
Creates a new session instance. Guaranteed to create a new object with
a unique key and will have saved the result once (with empty data)
before the method returns.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SessionBase must provide a create() method')

    def save(self, must_create=False):
        """
Saves the session data. If 'must_create' is True, a new session object
is created (otherwise a CreateError exception is raised). Otherwise,
save() can update an existing object with the same key.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SessionBase must provide a save() method')

    def delete(self, session_key=None):
        """
Deletes the session data under this key. If the key is None, the
current session key value is used.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SessionBase must provide a delete() method')

    def load(self):
        """
Loads the session data and returns a dictionary.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('subclasses of SessionBase must provide a load() method')

    @classmethod
    def clear_expired(cls):
        """
Remove expired sessions from the session store.

If this operation isn't possible on a given backend, it should raise
NotImplementedError. If it isn't necessary, because the backend has
a built-in expiration mechanism, it should be a no-op.
"""
        raise NotImplementedError('This backend does not support clear_expired().')
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