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import logging
import types
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured, MiddlewareNotUsed
from django.db import connections, transaction
from django.urls import get_resolver, set_urlconf
from django.utils.module_loading import import_string
from .exception import convert_exception_to_response, get_exception_response
logger = logging.getLogger('django.request')
class BaseHandler:
_request_middleware = None
_view_middleware = None
_template_response_middleware = None
_response_middleware = None
_exception_middleware = None
_middleware_chain = None
def load_middleware(self):
Populate middleware lists from settings.MIDDLEWARE.
Must be called after the environment is fixed (see __call__ in subclasses).
self._request_middleware = []
self._view_middleware = []
self._template_response_middleware = []
self._response_middleware = []
self._exception_middleware = []
handler = convert_exception_to_response(self._get_response)
for middleware_path in reversed(settings.MIDDLEWARE):
middleware = import_string(middleware_path)
mw_instance = middleware(handler)
except MiddlewareNotUsed as exc:
if settings.DEBUG:
if str(exc):
logger.debug('MiddlewareNotUsed(%r): %s', middleware_path, exc)
logger.debug('MiddlewareNotUsed: %r', middleware_path)
if mw_instance is None:
raise ImproperlyConfigured(
'Middleware factory %s returned None.' % middleware_path
if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_view'):
self._view_middleware.insert(0, mw_instance.process_view)
if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_template_response'):
if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_exception'):
handler = convert_exception_to_response(mw_instance)
# We only assign to this when initialization is complete as it is used
# as a flag for initialization being complete.
self._middleware_chain = handler
def make_view_atomic(self, view):
non_atomic_requests = getattr(view, '_non_atomic_requests', set())
for db in connections.all():
if db.settings_dict['ATOMIC_REQUESTS'] and db.alias not in non_atomic_requests:
view = transaction.atomic(using=db.alias)(view)
return view
def get_exception_response(self, request, resolver, status_code, exception):
return get_exception_response(request, resolver, status_code, exception, self.__class__)
def get_response(self, request):
"""Return an HttpResponse object for the given HttpRequest."""
# Setup default url resolver for this thread
response = self._middleware_chain(request)
# If the exception handler returns a TemplateResponse that has not
# been rendered, force it to be rendered.
if not getattr(response, 'is_rendered', True) and callable(getattr(response, 'render', None)):
response = response.render()
if response.status_code == 404:
'Not Found: %s', request.path,
extra={'status_code': 404, 'request': request},
return response
def _get_response(self, request):
Resolve and call the view, then apply view, exception, and
template_response middleware. This method is everything that happens
inside the request/response middleware.
response = None
if hasattr(request, 'urlconf'):
urlconf = request.urlconf
resolver = get_resolver(urlconf)
resolver = get_resolver()
resolver_match = resolver.resolve(request.path_info)
callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs = resolver_match
request.resolver_match = resolver_match
# Apply view middleware
for middleware_method in self._view_middleware:
response = middleware_method(request, callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs)
if response:
if response is None:
wrapped_callback = self.make_view_atomic(callback)
response = wrapped_callback(request, *callback_args, **callback_kwargs)
except Exception as e:
response = self.process_exception_by_middleware(e, request)
# Complain if the view returned None (a common error).
if response is None:
if isinstance(callback, types.FunctionType): # FBV
view_name = callback.__name__
else: # CBV
view_name = callback.__class__.__name__ + '.__call__'
raise ValueError(
"The view %s.%s didn't return an HttpResponse object. It "
"returned None instead." % (callback.__module__, view_name)
# If the response supports deferred rendering, apply template
# response middleware and then render the response
elif hasattr(response, 'render') and callable(response.render):
for middleware_method in self._template_response_middleware:
response = middleware_method(request, response)
# Complain if the template response middleware returned None (a common error).
if response is None:
raise ValueError(
"%s.process_template_response didn't return an "
"HttpResponse object. It returned None instead."
% (middleware_method.__self__.__class__.__name__)
response = response.render()
except Exception as e:
response = self.process_exception_by_middleware(e, request)
return response
def process_exception_by_middleware(self, exception, request):
Pass the exception to the exception middleware. If no middleware
return a response for this exception, raise it.
for middleware_method in self._exception_middleware:
response = middleware_method(request, exception)
if response:
return response