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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import keyword
import re
from collections import OrderedDict
from import BaseCommand, CommandError
from django.db import DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS, connections
class Command(BaseCommand):
help = "Introspects the database tables in the given database and outputs a Django model module."
requires_system_checks = False
db_module = 'django.db'
def add_arguments(self, parser):
parser.add_argument('--database', action='store', dest='database',
default=DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS, help='Nominates a database to '
'introspect. Defaults to using the "default" database.')
def handle(self, **options):
for line in self.handle_inspection(options):
self.stdout.write("%s\n" % line)
except NotImplementedError:
raise CommandError("Database inspection isn't supported for the currently selected database backend.")
def handle_inspection(self, options):
connection = connections[options['database']]
# 'table_name_filter' is a stealth option
table_name_filter = options.get('table_name_filter')
table2model = lambda table_name: re.sub(r'[^a-zA-Z0-9]', '', table_name.title())
strip_prefix = lambda s: s[1:] if s.startswith("u'") else s
with connection.cursor() as cursor:
yield "# This is an auto-generated Django model module."
yield "# You'll have to do the following manually to clean this up:"
yield "# * Rearrange models' order"
yield "# * Make sure each model has one field with primary_key=True"
yield (
"# * Remove `managed = False` lines if you wish to allow "
"Django to create, modify, and delete the table"
yield "# Feel free to rename the models, but don't rename db_table values or field names."
yield "from __future__ import unicode_literals"
yield ''
yield 'from %s import models' % self.db_module
known_models = []
for table_name in connection.introspection.table_names(cursor):
if table_name_filter is not None and callable(table_name_filter):
if not table_name_filter(table_name):
yield ''
yield ''
yield 'class %s(models.Model):' % table2model(table_name)
relations = connection.introspection.get_relations(cursor, table_name)
except NotImplementedError:
relations = {}
indexes = connection.introspection.get_indexes(cursor, table_name)
except NotImplementedError:
indexes = {}
constraints = connection.introspection.get_constraints(cursor, table_name)
except NotImplementedError:
constraints = {}
used_column_names = [] # Holds column names used in the table so far
for row in connection.introspection.get_table_description(cursor, table_name):
comment_notes = [] # Holds Field notes, to be displayed in a Python comment.
extra_params = OrderedDict() # Holds Field parameters such as 'db_column'.
column_name = row[0]
is_relation = column_name in relations
att_name, params, notes = self.normalize_col_name(
column_name, used_column_names, is_relation)
# Add primary_key and unique, if necessary.
if column_name in indexes:
if indexes[column_name]['primary_key']:
extra_params['primary_key'] = True
elif indexes[column_name]['unique']:
extra_params['unique'] = True
if is_relation:
rel_to = "self" if relations[column_name][1] == table_name else table2model(relations[column_name][1])
if rel_to in known_models:
field_type = 'ForeignKey(%s' % rel_to
field_type = "ForeignKey('%s'" % rel_to
# Calling `get_field_type` to get the field type string and any
# additional parameters and notes.
field_type, field_params, field_notes = self.get_field_type(connection, table_name, row)
field_type += '('
# Don't output 'id = meta.AutoField(primary_key=True)', because
# that's assumed if it doesn't exist.
if att_name == 'id' and extra_params == {'primary_key': True}:
if field_type == 'AutoField(':
elif field_type == 'IntegerField(' and not connection.features.can_introspect_autofield:
# Add 'null' and 'blank', if the 'null_ok' flag was present in the
# table description.
if row[6]: # If it's NULL...
if field_type == 'BooleanField(':
field_type = 'NullBooleanField('
extra_params['blank'] = True
extra_params['null'] = True
field_desc = '%s = %s%s' % (
# Custom fields will have a dotted path
'' if '.' in field_type else 'models.',
if extra_params:
if not field_desc.endswith('('):
field_desc += ', '
field_desc += ', '.join(
'%s=%s' % (k, strip_prefix(repr(v)))
for k, v in extra_params.items())
field_desc += ')'
if comment_notes:
field_desc += ' # ' + ' '.join(comment_notes)
yield ' %s' % field_desc
for meta_line in self.get_meta(table_name, constraints):
yield meta_line
def normalize_col_name(self, col_name, used_column_names, is_relation):
Modify the column name to make it Python-compatible as a field name
field_params = {}
field_notes = []
new_name = col_name.lower()
if new_name != col_name:
field_notes.append('Field name made lowercase.')
if is_relation:
if new_name.endswith('_id'):
new_name = new_name[:-3]
field_params['db_column'] = col_name
new_name, num_repl = re.subn(r'\W', '_', new_name)
if num_repl > 0:
field_notes.append('Field renamed to remove unsuitable characters.')
if new_name.find('__') >= 0:
while new_name.find('__') >= 0:
new_name = new_name.replace('__', '_')
if col_name.lower().find('__') >= 0:
# Only add the comment if the double underscore was in the original name
field_notes.append("Field renamed because it contained more than one '_' in a row.")
if new_name.startswith('_'):
new_name = 'field%s' % new_name
field_notes.append("Field renamed because it started with '_'.")
if new_name.endswith('_'):
new_name = '%sfield' % new_name
field_notes.append("Field renamed because it ended with '_'.")
if keyword.iskeyword(new_name):
new_name += '_field'
field_notes.append('Field renamed because it was a Python reserved word.')
if new_name[0].isdigit():
new_name = 'number_%s' % new_name
field_notes.append("Field renamed because it wasn't a valid Python identifier.")
if new_name in used_column_names:
num = 0
while '%s_%d' % (new_name, num) in used_column_names:
num += 1
new_name = '%s_%d' % (new_name, num)
field_notes.append('Field renamed because of name conflict.')
if col_name != new_name and field_notes:
field_params['db_column'] = col_name
return new_name, field_params, field_notes
def get_field_type(self, connection, table_name, row):
Given the database connection, the table name, and the cursor row
description, this routine will return the given field type name, as
well as any additional keyword parameters and notes for the field.
field_params = OrderedDict()
field_notes = []
field_type = connection.introspection.get_field_type(row[1], row)
except KeyError:
field_type = 'TextField'
field_notes.append('This field type is a guess.')
# This is a hook for data_types_reverse to return a tuple of
# (field_type, field_params_dict).
if type(field_type) is tuple:
field_type, new_params = field_type
# Add max_length for all CharFields.
if field_type == 'CharField' and row[3]:
field_params['max_length'] = int(row[3])
if field_type == 'DecimalField':
if row[4] is None or row[5] is None:
'max_digits and decimal_places have been guessed, as this '
'database handles decimal fields as float')
field_params['max_digits'] = row[4] if row[4] is not None else 10
field_params['decimal_places'] = row[5] if row[5] is not None else 5
field_params['max_digits'] = row[4]
field_params['decimal_places'] = row[5]
return field_type, field_params, field_notes
def get_meta(self, table_name, constraints):
Return a sequence comprising the lines of code necessary
to construct the inner Meta class for the model corresponding
to the given database table name.
unique_together = []
for index, params in constraints.items():
if params['unique']:
columns = params['columns']
if len(columns) > 1:
# we do not want to include the u"" or u'' prefix
# so we build the string rather than interpolate the tuple
tup = '(' + ', '.join("'%s'" % c for c in columns) + ')'
meta = ["",
" class Meta:",
" managed = False",
" db_table = '%s'" % table_name]
if unique_together:
tup = '(' + ', '.join(unique_together) + ',)'
meta += [" unique_together = %s" % tup]
return meta
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