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import errno
import os
import re
import socket
import sys
from datetime import datetime
from django.conf import settings
from import BaseCommand, CommandError
from django.core.servers.basehttp import (
WSGIServer, get_internal_wsgi_application, run,
from django.utils import autoreload
naiveip_re = re.compile(r"""^(?:
(?P<ipv4>\d{1,3}(?:\.\d{1,3}){3}) | # IPv4 address
(?P<ipv6>\[[a-fA-F0-9:]+\]) | # IPv6 address
(?P<fqdn>[a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*) # FQDN
):)?(?P<port>\d+)$""", re.X)
class Command(BaseCommand):
help = "Starts a lightweight Web server for development."
# Validation is called explicitly each time the server is reloaded.
requires_system_checks = False
leave_locale_alone = True
default_addr = ''
default_addr_ipv6 = '::1'
default_port = '8000'
protocol = 'http'
server_cls = WSGIServer
def add_arguments(self, parser):
'addrport', nargs='?',
help='Optional port number, or ipaddr:port'
'--ipv6', '-6', action='store_true', dest='use_ipv6',
help='Tells Django to use an IPv6 address.',
'--nothreading', action='store_false', dest='use_threading',
help='Tells Django to NOT use threading.',
'--noreload', action='store_false', dest='use_reloader',
help='Tells Django to NOT use the auto-reloader.',
def execute(self, *args, **options):
if options['no_color']:
# We rely on the environment because it's currently the only
# way to reach WSGIRequestHandler. This seems an acceptable
# compromise considering `runserver` runs indefinitely.
os.environ["DJANGO_COLORS"] = "nocolor"
super().execute(*args, **options)
def get_handler(self, *args, **options):
"""Return the default WSGI handler for the runner."""
return get_internal_wsgi_application()
def handle(self, *args, **options):
from django.conf import settings
if not settings.DEBUG and not settings.ALLOWED_HOSTS:
raise CommandError('You must set settings.ALLOWED_HOSTS if DEBUG is False.')
self.use_ipv6 = options['use_ipv6']
if self.use_ipv6 and not socket.has_ipv6:
raise CommandError('Your Python does not support IPv6.')
self._raw_ipv6 = False
if not options['addrport']:
self.addr = ''
self.port = self.default_port
m = re.match(naiveip_re, options['addrport'])
if m is None:
raise CommandError('"%s" is not a valid port number '
'or address:port pair.' % options['addrport'])
self.addr, _ipv4, _ipv6, _fqdn, self.port = m.groups()
if not self.port.isdigit():
raise CommandError("%r is not a valid port number." % self.port)
if self.addr:
if _ipv6:
self.addr = self.addr[1:-1]
self.use_ipv6 = True
self._raw_ipv6 = True
elif self.use_ipv6 and not _fqdn:
raise CommandError('"%s" is not a valid IPv6 address.' % self.addr)
if not self.addr:
self.addr = self.default_addr_ipv6 if self.use_ipv6 else self.default_addr
self._raw_ipv6 = self.use_ipv6**options)
def run(self, **options):
"""Run the server, using the autoreloader if needed."""
use_reloader = options['use_reloader']
if use_reloader:
autoreload.main(self.inner_run, None, options)
self.inner_run(None, **options)
def inner_run(self, *args, **options):
# If an exception was silenced in ManagementUtility.execute in order
# to be raised in the child process, raise it now.
threading = options['use_threading']
# 'shutdown_message' is a stealth option.
shutdown_message = options.get('shutdown_message', '')
quit_command = 'CTRL-BREAK' if sys.platform == 'win32' else 'CONTROL-C'
self.stdout.write("Performing system checks...\n\n")
# Need to check migrations here, so can't use the
# requires_migrations_check attribute.
now ='%B %d, %Y - %X')
"Django version %(version)s, using settings %(settings)r\n"
"Starting development server at %(protocol)s://%(addr)s:%(port)s/\n"
"Quit the server with %(quit_command)s.\n"
) % {
"version": self.get_version(),
"settings": settings.SETTINGS_MODULE,
"protocol": self.protocol,
"addr": '[%s]' % self.addr if self._raw_ipv6 else self.addr,
"port": self.port,
"quit_command": quit_command,
handler = self.get_handler(*args, **options)
run(self.addr, int(self.port), handler,
ipv6=self.use_ipv6, threading=threading, server_cls=self.server_cls)
except socket.error as e:
# Use helpful error messages instead of ugly tracebacks.
errno.EACCES: "You don't have permission to access that port.",
errno.EADDRINUSE: "That port is already in use.",
errno.EADDRNOTAVAIL: "That IP address can't be assigned to.",
error_text = ERRORS[e.errno]
except KeyError:
error_text = e
self.stderr.write("Error: %s" % error_text)
# Need to use an OS exit because sys.exit doesn't work in a thread
except KeyboardInterrupt:
if shutdown_message:
# Kept for backward compatibility
BaseRunserverCommand = Command