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"""
A Python "serializer". Doesn't do much serializing per se -- just converts to
and from basic Python data types (lists, dicts, strings, etc.). Useful as a basis for
other serializers.
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals
from collections import OrderedDict
from django.apps import apps
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.serializers import base
from django.db import DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS, models
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.encoding import force_text, is_protected_type
class Serializer(base.Serializer):
"""
Serializes a QuerySet to basic Python objects.
"""
internal_use_only = True
def start_serialization(self):
self._current = None
self.objects = []
def end_serialization(self):
pass
def start_object(self, obj):
self._current = OrderedDict()
def end_object(self, obj):
self.objects.append(self.get_dump_object(obj))
self._current = None
def get_dump_object(self, obj):
model = obj._meta.proxy_for_model if obj._deferred else obj.__class__
data = OrderedDict([('model', force_text(model._meta))])
if not self.use_natural_primary_keys or not hasattr(obj, 'natural_key'):
data["pk"] = force_text(obj._get_pk_val(), strings_only=True)
data['fields'] = self._current
return data
def handle_field(self, obj, field):
value = field.value_from_object(obj)
# Protected types (i.e., primitives like None, numbers, dates,
# and Decimals) are passed through as is. All other values are
# converted to string first.
if is_protected_type(value):
self._current[field.name] = value
else:
self._current[field.name] = field.value_to_string(obj)
def handle_fk_field(self, obj, field):
if self.use_natural_foreign_keys and hasattr(field.remote_field.model, 'natural_key'):
related = getattr(obj, field.name)
if related:
value = related.natural_key()
else:
value = None
else:
value = getattr(obj, field.get_attname())
if not is_protected_type(value):
value = field.value_to_string(obj)
self._current[field.name] = value
def handle_m2m_field(self, obj, field):
if field.remote_field.through._meta.auto_created:
if self.use_natural_foreign_keys and hasattr(field.remote_field.model, 'natural_key'):
m2m_value = lambda value: value.natural_key()
else:
m2m_value = lambda value: force_text(value._get_pk_val(), strings_only=True)
self._current[field.name] = [m2m_value(related)
for related in getattr(obj, field.name).iterator()]
def getvalue(self):
return self.objects
def Deserializer(object_list, **options):
"""
Deserialize simple Python objects back into Django ORM instances.
It's expected that you pass the Python objects themselves (instead of a
stream or a string) to the constructor
"""
db = options.pop('using', DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS)
ignore = options.pop('ignorenonexistent', False)
for d in object_list:
# Look up the model and starting build a dict of data for it.
try:
Model = _get_model(d["model"])
except base.DeserializationError:
if ignore:
continue
else:
raise
data = {}
if 'pk' in d:
try:
data[Model._meta.pk.attname] = Model._meta.pk.to_python(d.get('pk'))
except Exception as e:
raise base.DeserializationError.WithData(e, d['model'], d.get('pk'), None)
m2m_data = {}
field_names = {f.name for f in Model._meta.get_fields()}
# Handle each field
for (field_name, field_value) in six.iteritems(d["fields"]):
if ignore and field_name not in field_names:
# skip fields no longer on model
continue
if isinstance(field_value, str):
field_value = force_text(
field_value, options.get("encoding", settings.DEFAULT_CHARSET), strings_only=True
)
field = Model._meta.get_field(field_name)
# Handle M2M relations
if field.remote_field and isinstance(field.remote_field, models.ManyToManyRel):
if hasattr(field.remote_field.model._default_manager, 'get_by_natural_key'):
def m2m_convert(value):
if hasattr(value, '__iter__') and not isinstance(value, six.text_type):
return field.remote_field.model._default_manager.db_manager(db).get_by_natural_key(*value).pk
else:
return force_text(field.remote_field.model._meta.pk.to_python(value), strings_only=True)
else:
m2m_convert = lambda v: force_text(field.remote_field.model._meta.pk.to_python(v), strings_only=True)
try:
m2m_data[field.name] = []
for pk in field_value:
m2m_data[field.name].append(m2m_convert(pk))
except Exception as e:
raise base.DeserializationError.WithData(e, d['model'], d.get('pk'), pk)
# Handle FK fields
elif field.remote_field and isinstance(field.remote_field, models.ManyToOneRel):
if field_value is not None:
try:
if hasattr(field.remote_field.model._default_manager, 'get_by_natural_key'):
if hasattr(field_value, '__iter__') and not isinstance(field_value, six.text_type):
obj = field.remote_field.model._default_manager.db_manager(db).get_by_natural_key(*field_value)
value = getattr(obj, field.remote_field.field_name)
# If this is a natural foreign key to an object that
# has a FK/O2O as the foreign key, use the FK value
if field.remote_field.model._meta.pk.remote_field:
value = value.pk
else:
value = field.remote_field.model._meta.get_field(field.remote_field.field_name).to_python(field_value)
data[field.attname] = value
else:
data[field.attname] = field.remote_field.model._meta.get_field(field.remote_field.field_name).to_python(field_value)
except Exception as e:
raise base.DeserializationError.WithData(e, d['model'], d.get('pk'), field_value)
else:
data[field.attname] = None
# Handle all other fields
else:
try:
data[field.name] = field.to_python(field_value)
except Exception as e:
raise base.DeserializationError.WithData(e, d['model'], d.get('pk'), field_value)
obj = base.build_instance(Model, data, db)
yield base.DeserializedObject(obj, m2m_data)
def _get_model(model_identifier):
"""
Helper to look up a model from an "app_label.model_name" string.
"""
try:
return apps.get_model(model_identifier)
except (LookupError, TypeError):
raise base.DeserializationError("Invalid model identifier: '%s'" % model_identifier)
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