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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import collections
import copy
import datetime
import decimal
import math
import uuid
import warnings
from base64 import b64decode, b64encode
from functools import total_ordering
from django import forms
from django.apps import apps
from django.conf import settings
from django.core import checks, exceptions, validators
# When the _meta object was formalized, this exception was moved to
# django.core.exceptions. It is retained here for backwards compatibility
# purposes.
from django.core.exceptions import FieldDoesNotExist # NOQA
from django.db import connection
from django.db.models.lookups import (
Lookup, RegisterLookupMixin, Transform, default_lookups,
)
from django.db.models.query_utils import QueryWrapper
from django.utils import six, timezone
from django.utils.datastructures import DictWrapper
from django.utils.dateparse import (
parse_date, parse_datetime, parse_duration, parse_time,
)
from django.utils.deprecation import (
RemovedInDjango20Warning, warn_about_renamed_method,
)
from django.utils.duration import duration_string
from django.utils.encoding import (
force_bytes, force_text, python_2_unicode_compatible, smart_text,
)
from django.utils.functional import Promise, cached_property, curry
from django.utils.ipv6 import clean_ipv6_address
from django.utils.itercompat import is_iterable
from django.utils.text import capfirst
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
# Avoid "TypeError: Item in ``from list'' not a string" -- unicode_literals
# makes these strings unicode
__all__ = [str(x) for x in (
'AutoField', 'BLANK_CHOICE_DASH', 'BigIntegerField', 'BinaryField',
'BooleanField', 'CharField', 'CommaSeparatedIntegerField', 'DateField',
'DateTimeField', 'DecimalField', 'DurationField', 'EmailField', 'Empty',
'Field', 'FieldDoesNotExist', 'FilePathField', 'FloatField',
'GenericIPAddressField', 'IPAddressField', 'IntegerField', 'NOT_PROVIDED',
'NullBooleanField', 'PositiveIntegerField', 'PositiveSmallIntegerField',
'SlugField', 'SmallIntegerField', 'TextField', 'TimeField', 'URLField',
'UUIDField',
)]
class Empty(object):
pass
class NOT_PROVIDED:
pass
# The values to use for "blank" in SelectFields. Will be appended to the start
# of most "choices" lists.
BLANK_CHOICE_DASH = [("", "---------")]
def _load_field(app_label, model_name, field_name):
return apps.get_model(app_label, model_name)._meta.get_field(field_name)
# A guide to Field parameters:
#
# * name: The name of the field specified in the model.
# * attname: The attribute to use on the model object. This is the same as
# "name", except in the case of ForeignKeys, where "_id" is
# appended.
# * db_column: The db_column specified in the model (or None).
# * column: The database column for this field. This is the same as
# "attname", except if db_column is specified.
#
# Code that introspects values, or does other dynamic things, should use
# attname. For example, this gets the primary key value of object "obj":
#
# getattr(obj, opts.pk.attname)
def _empty(of_cls):
new = Empty()
new.__class__ = of_cls
return new
@total_ordering
@python_2_unicode_compatible
class Field(RegisterLookupMixin):
"""Base class for all field types"""
# Designates whether empty strings fundamentally are allowed at the
# database level.
empty_strings_allowed = True
empty_values = list(validators.EMPTY_VALUES)
# These track each time a Field instance is created. Used to retain order.
# The auto_creation_counter is used for fields that Django implicitly
# creates, creation_counter is used for all user-specified fields.
creation_counter = 0
auto_creation_counter = -1
default_validators = [] # Default set of validators
default_error_messages = {
'invalid_choice': _('Value %(value)r is not a valid choice.'),
'null': _('This field cannot be null.'),
'blank': _('This field cannot be blank.'),
'unique': _('%(model_name)s with this %(field_label)s '
'already exists.'),
# Translators: The 'lookup_type' is one of 'date', 'year' or 'month'.
# Eg: "Title must be unique for pub_date year"
'unique_for_date': _("%(field_label)s must be unique for "
"%(date_field_label)s %(lookup_type)s."),
}
class_lookups = default_lookups.copy()
system_check_deprecated_details = None
system_check_removed_details = None
# Field flags
hidden = False
many_to_many = None
many_to_one = None
one_to_many = None
one_to_one = None
related_model = None
# Generic field type description, usually overridden by subclasses
def _description(self):
return _('Field of type: %(field_type)s') % {
'field_type': self.__class__.__name__
}
description = property(_description)
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, primary_key=False,
max_length=None, unique=False, blank=False, null=False,
db_index=False, rel=None, default=NOT_PROVIDED, editable=True,
serialize=True, unique_for_date=None, unique_for_month=None,
unique_for_year=None, choices=None, help_text='', db_column=None,
db_tablespace=None, auto_created=False, validators=[],
error_messages=None):
self.name = name
self.verbose_name = verbose_name # May be set by set_attributes_from_name
self._verbose_name = verbose_name # Store original for deconstruction
self.primary_key = primary_key
self.max_length, self._unique = max_length, unique
self.blank, self.null = blank, null
self.remote_field = rel
self.is_relation = self.remote_field is not None
self.default = default
self.editable = editable
self.serialize = serialize
self.unique_for_date = unique_for_date
self.unique_for_month = unique_for_month
self.unique_for_year = unique_for_year
if isinstance(choices, collections.Iterator):
choices = list(choices)
self.choices = choices or []
self.help_text = help_text
self.db_index = db_index
self.db_column = db_column
self.db_tablespace = db_tablespace or settings.DEFAULT_INDEX_TABLESPACE
self.auto_created = auto_created
# Adjust the appropriate creation counter, and save our local copy.
if auto_created:
self.creation_counter = Field.auto_creation_counter
Field.auto_creation_counter -= 1
else:
self.creation_counter = Field.creation_counter
Field.creation_counter += 1
self._validators = validators # Store for deconstruction later
messages = {}
for c in reversed(self.__class__.__mro__):
messages.update(getattr(c, 'default_error_messages', {}))
messages.update(error_messages or {})
self._error_messages = error_messages # Store for deconstruction later
self.error_messages = messages
def __str__(self):
""" Return "app_label.model_label.field_name". """
model = self.model
app = model._meta.app_label
return '%s.%s.%s' % (app, model._meta.object_name, self.name)
def __repr__(self):
"""
Displays the module, class and name of the field.
"""
path = '%s.%s' % (self.__class__.__module__, self.__class__.__name__)
name = getattr(self, 'name', None)
if name is not None:
return '<%s: %s>' % (path, name)
return '<%s>' % path
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = []
errors.extend(self._check_field_name())
errors.extend(self._check_choices())
errors.extend(self._check_db_index())
errors.extend(self._check_null_allowed_for_primary_keys())
errors.extend(self._check_backend_specific_checks(**kwargs))
errors.extend(self._check_deprecation_details())
return errors
def _check_field_name(self):
""" Check if field name is valid, i.e. 1) does not end with an
underscore, 2) does not contain "__" and 3) is not "pk". """
if self.name.endswith('_'):
return [
checks.Error(
'Field names must not end with an underscore.',
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E001',
)
]
elif '__' in self.name:
return [
checks.Error(
'Field names must not contain "__".',
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E002',
)
]
elif self.name == 'pk':
return [
checks.Error(
"'pk' is a reserved word that cannot be used as a field name.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E003',
)
]
else:
return []
@property
def rel(self):
warnings.warn(
"Usage of field.rel has been deprecated. Use field.remote_field instead.",
RemovedInDjango20Warning, 2)
return self.remote_field
def _check_choices(self):
if self.choices:
if (isinstance(self.choices, six.string_types) or
not is_iterable(self.choices)):
return [
checks.Error(
"'choices' must be an iterable (e.g., a list or tuple).",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E004',
)
]
elif any(isinstance(choice, six.string_types) or
not is_iterable(choice) or len(choice) != 2
for choice in self.choices):
return [
checks.Error(
("'choices' must be an iterable containing "
"(actual value, human readable name) tuples."),
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E005',
)
]
else:
return []
else:
return []
def _check_db_index(self):
if self.db_index not in (None, True, False):
return [
checks.Error(
"'db_index' must be None, True or False.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E006',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_null_allowed_for_primary_keys(self):
if (self.primary_key and self.null and
not connection.features.interprets_empty_strings_as_nulls):
# We cannot reliably check this for backends like Oracle which
# consider NULL and '' to be equal (and thus set up
# character-based fields a little differently).
return [
checks.Error(
'Primary keys must not have null=True.',
hint=('Set null=False on the field, or '
'remove primary_key=True argument.'),
obj=self,
id='fields.E007',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_backend_specific_checks(self, **kwargs):
return connection.validation.check_field(self, **kwargs)
def _check_deprecation_details(self):
if self.system_check_removed_details is not None:
return [
checks.Error(
self.system_check_removed_details.get(
'msg',
'%s has been removed except for support in historical '
'migrations.' % self.__class__.__name__
),
hint=self.system_check_removed_details.get('hint'),
obj=self,
id=self.system_check_removed_details.get('id', 'fields.EXXX'),
)
]
elif self.system_check_deprecated_details is not None:
return [
checks.Warning(
self.system_check_deprecated_details.get(
'msg',
'%s has been deprecated.' % self.__class__.__name__
),
hint=self.system_check_deprecated_details.get('hint'),
obj=self,
id=self.system_check_deprecated_details.get('id', 'fields.WXXX'),
)
]
return []
def get_col(self, alias, output_field=None):
if output_field is None:
output_field = self
if alias != self.model._meta.db_table or output_field != self:
from django.db.models.expressions import Col
return Col(alias, self, output_field)
else:
return self.cached_col
@cached_property
def cached_col(self):
from django.db.models.expressions import Col
return Col(self.model._meta.db_table, self)
def select_format(self, compiler, sql, params):
"""
Custom format for select clauses. For example, GIS columns need to be
selected as AsText(table.col) on MySQL as the table.col data can't be used
by Django.
"""
return sql, params
def deconstruct(self):
"""
Returns enough information to recreate the field as a 4-tuple:
* The name of the field on the model, if contribute_to_class has been run
* The import path of the field, including the class: django.db.models.IntegerField
This should be the most portable version, so less specific may be better.
* A list of positional arguments
* A dict of keyword arguments
Note that the positional or keyword arguments must contain values of the
following types (including inner values of collection types):
* None, bool, str, unicode, int, long, float, complex, set, frozenset, list, tuple, dict
* UUID
* datetime.datetime (naive), datetime.date
* top-level classes, top-level functions - will be referenced by their full import path
* Storage instances - these have their own deconstruct() method
This is because the values here must be serialized into a text format
(possibly new Python code, possibly JSON) and these are the only types
with encoding handlers defined.
There's no need to return the exact way the field was instantiated this time,
just ensure that the resulting field is the same - prefer keyword arguments
over positional ones, and omit parameters with their default values.
"""
# Short-form way of fetching all the default parameters
keywords = {}
possibles = {
"verbose_name": None,
"primary_key": False,
"max_length": None,
"unique": False,
"blank": False,
"null": False,
"db_index": False,
"default": NOT_PROVIDED,
"editable": True,
"serialize": True,
"unique_for_date": None,
"unique_for_month": None,
"unique_for_year": None,
"choices": [],
"help_text": '',
"db_column": None,
"db_tablespace": settings.DEFAULT_INDEX_TABLESPACE,
"auto_created": False,
"validators": [],
"error_messages": None,
}
attr_overrides = {
"unique": "_unique",
"error_messages": "_error_messages",
"validators": "_validators",
"verbose_name": "_verbose_name",
}
equals_comparison = {"choices", "validators", "db_tablespace"}
for name, default in possibles.items():
value = getattr(self, attr_overrides.get(name, name))
# Unroll anything iterable for choices into a concrete list
if name == "choices" and isinstance(value, collections.Iterable):
value = list(value)
# Do correct kind of comparison
if name in equals_comparison:
if value != default:
keywords[name] = value
else:
if value is not default:
keywords[name] = value
# Work out path - we shorten it for known Django core fields
path = "%s.%s" % (self.__class__.__module__, self.__class__.__name__)
if path.startswith("django.db.models.fields.related"):
path = path.replace("django.db.models.fields.related", "django.db.models")
if path.startswith("django.db.models.fields.files"):
path = path.replace("django.db.models.fields.files", "django.db.models")
if path.startswith("django.db.models.fields.proxy"):
path = path.replace("django.db.models.fields.proxy", "django.db.models")
if path.startswith("django.db.models.fields"):
path = path.replace("django.db.models.fields", "django.db.models")
# Return basic info - other fields should override this.
return (
force_text(self.name, strings_only=True),
path,
[],
keywords,
)
def clone(self):
"""
Uses deconstruct() to clone a new copy of this Field.
Will not preserve any class attachments/attribute names.
"""
name, path, args, kwargs = self.deconstruct()
return self.__class__(*args, **kwargs)
def __eq__(self, other):
# Needed for @total_ordering
if isinstance(other, Field):
return self.creation_counter == other.creation_counter
return NotImplemented
def __lt__(self, other):
# This is needed because bisect does not take a comparison function.
if isinstance(other, Field):
return self.creation_counter < other.creation_counter
return NotImplemented
def __hash__(self):
return hash(self.creation_counter)
def __deepcopy__(self, memodict):
# We don't have to deepcopy very much here, since most things are not
# intended to be altered after initial creation.
obj = copy.copy(self)
if self.remote_field:
obj.remote_field = copy.copy(self.remote_field)
if hasattr(self.remote_field, 'field') and self.remote_field.field is self:
obj.remote_field.field = obj
memodict[id(self)] = obj
return obj
def __copy__(self):
# We need to avoid hitting __reduce__, so define this
# slightly weird copy construct.
obj = Empty()
obj.__class__ = self.__class__
obj.__dict__ = self.__dict__.copy()
return obj
def __reduce__(self):
"""
Pickling should return the model._meta.fields instance of the field,
not a new copy of that field. So, we use the app registry to load the
model and then the field back.
"""
if not hasattr(self, 'model'):
# Fields are sometimes used without attaching them to models (for
# example in aggregation). In this case give back a plain field
# instance. The code below will create a new empty instance of
# class self.__class__, then update its dict with self.__dict__
# values - so, this is very close to normal pickle.
return _empty, (self.__class__,), self.__dict__
if self.model._deferred:
# Deferred model will not be found from the app registry. This
# could be fixed by reconstructing the deferred model on unpickle.
raise RuntimeError("Fields of deferred models can't be reduced")
return _load_field, (self.model._meta.app_label, self.model._meta.object_name,
self.name)
def get_pk_value_on_save(self, instance):
"""
Hook to generate new PK values on save. This method is called when
saving instances with no primary key value set. If this method returns
something else than None, then the returned value is used when saving
the new instance.
"""
if self.default:
return self.get_default()
return None
def to_python(self, value):
"""
Converts the input value into the expected Python data type, raising
django.core.exceptions.ValidationError if the data can't be converted.
Returns the converted value. Subclasses should override this.
"""
return value
@cached_property
def validators(self):
# Some validators can't be created at field initialization time.
# This method provides a way to delay their creation until required.
return self.default_validators + self._validators
def run_validators(self, value):
if value in self.empty_values:
return
errors = []
for v in self.validators:
try:
v(value)
except exceptions.ValidationError as e:
if hasattr(e, 'code') and e.code in self.error_messages:
e.message = self.error_messages[e.code]
errors.extend(e.error_list)
if errors:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(errors)
def validate(self, value, model_instance):
"""
Validates value and throws ValidationError. Subclasses should override
this to provide validation logic.
"""
if not self.editable:
# Skip validation for non-editable fields.
return
if self.choices and value not in self.empty_values:
for option_key, option_value in self.choices:
if isinstance(option_value, (list, tuple)):
# This is an optgroup, so look inside the group for
# options.
for optgroup_key, optgroup_value in option_value:
if value == optgroup_key:
return
elif value == option_key:
return
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid_choice'],
code='invalid_choice',
params={'value': value},
)
if value is None and not self.null:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(self.error_messages['null'], code='null')
if not self.blank and value in self.empty_values:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(self.error_messages['blank'], code='blank')
def clean(self, value, model_instance):
"""
Convert the value's type and run validation. Validation errors
from to_python and validate are propagated. The correct value is
returned if no error is raised.
"""
value = self.to_python(value)
self.validate(value, model_instance)
self.run_validators(value)
return value
def db_type(self, connection):
"""
Returns the database column data type for this field, for the provided
connection.
"""
# The default implementation of this method looks at the
# backend-specific data_types dictionary, looking up the field by its
# "internal type".
#
# A Field class can implement the get_internal_type() method to specify
# which *preexisting* Django Field class it's most similar to -- i.e.,
# a custom field might be represented by a TEXT column type, which is
# the same as the TextField Django field type, which means the custom
# field's get_internal_type() returns 'TextField'.
#
# But the limitation of the get_internal_type() / data_types approach
# is that it cannot handle database column types that aren't already
# mapped to one of the built-in Django field types. In this case, you
# can implement db_type() instead of get_internal_type() to specify
# exactly which wacky database column type you want to use.
data = DictWrapper(self.__dict__, connection.ops.quote_name, "qn_")
try:
return connection.data_types[self.get_internal_type()] % data
except KeyError:
return None
def db_parameters(self, connection):
"""
Extension of db_type(), providing a range of different return
values (type, checks).
This will look at db_type(), allowing custom model fields to override it.
"""
data = DictWrapper(self.__dict__, connection.ops.quote_name, "qn_")
type_string = self.db_type(connection)
try:
check_string = connection.data_type_check_constraints[self.get_internal_type()] % data
except KeyError:
check_string = None
return {
"type": type_string,
"check": check_string,
}
def db_type_suffix(self, connection):
return connection.data_types_suffix.get(self.get_internal_type())
def get_db_converters(self, connection):
if hasattr(self, 'from_db_value'):
return [self.from_db_value]
return []
@property
def unique(self):
return self._unique or self.primary_key
def set_attributes_from_name(self, name):
if not self.name:
self.name = name
self.attname, self.column = self.get_attname_column()
self.concrete = self.column is not None
if self.verbose_name is None and self.name:
self.verbose_name = self.name.replace('_', ' ')
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, virtual_only=False):
self.set_attributes_from_name(name)
self.model = cls
if virtual_only:
cls._meta.add_field(self, virtual=True)
else:
cls._meta.add_field(self)
if self.choices:
setattr(cls, 'get_%s_display' % self.name,
curry(cls._get_FIELD_display, field=self))
def get_attname(self):
return self.name
def get_attname_column(self):
attname = self.get_attname()
column = self.db_column or attname
return attname, column
def get_cache_name(self):
return '_%s_cache' % self.name
def get_internal_type(self):
return self.__class__.__name__
def pre_save(self, model_instance, add):
"""
Returns field's value just before saving.
"""
return getattr(model_instance, self.attname)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
"""
Perform preliminary non-db specific value checks and conversions.
"""
if isinstance(value, Promise):
value = value._proxy____cast()
return value
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
"""Returns field's value prepared for interacting with the database
backend.
Used by the default implementations of ``get_db_prep_save``and
`get_db_prep_lookup```
"""
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
return value
def get_db_prep_save(self, value, connection):
"""
Returns field's value prepared for saving into a database.
"""
return self.get_db_prep_value(value, connection=connection,
prepared=False)
def get_prep_lookup(self, lookup_type, value):
"""
Perform preliminary non-db specific lookup checks and conversions
"""
if hasattr(value, '_prepare'):
return value._prepare()
if lookup_type in {
'iexact', 'contains', 'icontains',
'startswith', 'istartswith', 'endswith', 'iendswith',
'isnull', 'search', 'regex', 'iregex',
}:
return value
elif lookup_type in ('exact', 'gt', 'gte', 'lt', 'lte'):
return self.get_prep_value(value)
elif lookup_type in ('range', 'in'):
return [self.get_prep_value(v) for v in value]
return self.get_prep_value(value)
def get_db_prep_lookup(self, lookup_type, value, connection,
prepared=False):
"""
Returns field's value prepared for database lookup.
"""
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_lookup(lookup_type, value)
prepared = True
if hasattr(value, 'get_compiler'):
value = value.get_compiler(connection=connection)
if hasattr(value, 'as_sql') or hasattr(value, '_as_sql'):
# If the value has a relabeled_clone method it means the
# value will be handled later on.
if hasattr(value, 'relabeled_clone'):
return value
if hasattr(value, 'as_sql'):
sql, params = value.as_sql()
else:
sql, params = value._as_sql(connection=connection)
return QueryWrapper(('(%s)' % sql), params)
if lookup_type in ('search', 'regex', 'iregex', 'contains',
'icontains', 'iexact', 'startswith', 'endswith',
'istartswith', 'iendswith'):
return [value]
elif lookup_type in ('exact', 'gt', 'gte', 'lt', 'lte'):
return [self.get_db_prep_value(value, connection=connection,
prepared=prepared)]
elif lookup_type in ('range', 'in'):
return [self.get_db_prep_value(v, connection=connection,
prepared=prepared) for v in value]
elif lookup_type == 'isnull':
return []
else:
return [value]
def has_default(self):
"""
Returns a boolean of whether this field has a default value.
"""
return self.default is not NOT_PROVIDED
def get_default(self):
"""
Returns the default value for this field.
"""
if self.has_default():
if callable(self.default):
return self.default()
return self.default
if (not self.empty_strings_allowed or (self.null and
not connection.features.interprets_empty_strings_as_nulls)):
return None
return ""
def get_choices(self, include_blank=True, blank_choice=BLANK_CHOICE_DASH, limit_choices_to=None):
"""Returns choices with a default blank choices included, for use
as SelectField choices for this field."""
blank_defined = False
choices = list(self.choices) if self.choices else []
named_groups = choices and isinstance(choices[0][1], (list, tuple))
if not named_groups:
for choice, __ in choices:
if choice in ('', None):
blank_defined = True
break
first_choice = (blank_choice if include_blank and
not blank_defined else [])
if self.choices:
return first_choice + choices
rel_model = self.remote_field.model
limit_choices_to = limit_choices_to or self.get_limit_choices_to()
if hasattr(self.remote_field, 'get_related_field'):
lst = [(getattr(x, self.remote_field.get_related_field().attname),
smart_text(x))
for x in rel_model._default_manager.complex_filter(
limit_choices_to)]
else:
lst = [(x._get_pk_val(), smart_text(x))
for x in rel_model._default_manager.complex_filter(
limit_choices_to)]
return first_choice + lst
def get_choices_default(self):
return self.get_choices()
def get_flatchoices(self, include_blank=True,
blank_choice=BLANK_CHOICE_DASH):
"""
Returns flattened choices with a default blank choice included.
"""
first_choice = blank_choice if include_blank else []
return first_choice + list(self.flatchoices)
@warn_about_renamed_method(
'Field', '_get_val_from_obj', 'value_from_object',
RemovedInDjango20Warning
)
def _get_val_from_obj(self, obj):
if obj is not None:
return getattr(obj, self.attname)
else:
return self.get_default()
def value_to_string(self, obj):
"""
Returns a string value of this field from the passed obj.
This is used by the serialization framework.
"""
return smart_text(self.value_from_object(obj))
def _get_flatchoices(self):
"""Flattened version of choices tuple."""
flat = []
for choice, value in self.choices:
if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
flat.extend(value)
else:
flat.append((choice, value))
return flat
flatchoices = property(_get_flatchoices)
def save_form_data(self, instance, data):
setattr(instance, self.name, data)
def formfield(self, form_class=None, choices_form_class=None, **kwargs):
"""
Returns a django.forms.Field instance for this database Field.
"""
defaults = {'required': not self.blank,
'label': capfirst(self.verbose_name),
'help_text': self.help_text}
if self.has_default():
if callable(self.default):
defaults['initial'] = self.default
defaults['show_hidden_initial'] = True
else:
defaults['initial'] = self.get_default()
if self.choices:
# Fields with choices get special treatment.
include_blank = (self.blank or
not (self.has_default() or 'initial' in kwargs))
defaults['choices'] = self.get_choices(include_blank=include_blank)
defaults['coerce'] = self.to_python
if self.null:
defaults['empty_value'] = None
if choices_form_class is not None:
form_class = choices_form_class
else:
form_class = forms.TypedChoiceField
# Many of the subclass-specific formfield arguments (min_value,
# max_value) don't apply for choice fields, so be sure to only pass
# the values that TypedChoiceField will understand.
for k in list(kwargs):
if k not in ('coerce', 'empty_value', 'choices', 'required',
'widget', 'label', 'initial', 'help_text',
'error_messages', 'show_hidden_initial'):
del kwargs[k]
defaults.update(kwargs)
if form_class is None:
form_class = forms.CharField
return form_class(**defaults)
def value_from_object(self, obj):
"""
Returns the value of this field in the given model instance.
"""
return getattr(obj, self.attname)
class AutoField(Field):
description = _("Integer")
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be an integer."),
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['blank'] = True
super(AutoField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(AutoField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_primary_key())
return errors
def _check_primary_key(self):
if not self.primary_key:
return [
checks.Error(
'AutoFields must set primary_key=True.',
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E100',
),
]
else:
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(AutoField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['blank']
kwargs['primary_key'] = True
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "AutoField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
try:
return int(value)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def validate(self, value, model_instance):
pass
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
value = connection.ops.validate_autopk_value(value)
return value
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(AutoField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return int(value)
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, **kwargs):
assert not cls._meta.has_auto_field, \
"A model can't have more than one AutoField."
super(AutoField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name, **kwargs)
cls._meta.has_auto_field = True
cls._meta.auto_field = self
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
return None
class BooleanField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be either True or False."),
}
description = _("Boolean (Either True or False)")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['blank'] = True
super(BooleanField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(BooleanField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_null(**kwargs))
return errors
def _check_null(self, **kwargs):
if getattr(self, 'null', False):
return [
checks.Error(
'BooleanFields do not accept null values.',
hint='Use a NullBooleanField instead.',
obj=self,
id='fields.E110',
)
]
else:
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(BooleanField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['blank']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "BooleanField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value in (True, False):
# if value is 1 or 0 than it's equal to True or False, but we want
# to return a true bool for semantic reasons.
return bool(value)
if value in ('t', 'True', '1'):
return True
if value in ('f', 'False', '0'):
return False
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def get_prep_lookup(self, lookup_type, value):
# Special-case handling for filters coming from a Web request (e.g. the
# admin interface). Only works for scalar values (not lists). If you're
# passing in a list, you might as well make things the right type when
# constructing the list.
if value in ('1', '0'):
value = bool(int(value))
return super(BooleanField, self).get_prep_lookup(lookup_type, value)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(BooleanField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return bool(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
# Unlike most fields, BooleanField figures out include_blank from
# self.null instead of self.blank.
if self.choices:
include_blank = not (self.has_default() or 'initial' in kwargs)
defaults = {'choices': self.get_choices(include_blank=include_blank)}
else:
defaults = {'form_class': forms.BooleanField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(BooleanField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class CharField(Field):
description = _("String (up to %(max_length)s)")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(CharField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.validators.append(validators.MaxLengthValidator(self.max_length))
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(CharField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_max_length_attribute(**kwargs))
return errors
def _check_max_length_attribute(self, **kwargs):
if self.max_length is None:
return [
checks.Error(
"CharFields must define a 'max_length' attribute.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E120',
)
]
elif not isinstance(self.max_length, six.integer_types) or self.max_length <= 0:
return [
checks.Error(
"'max_length' must be a positive integer.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E121',
)
]
else:
return []
def get_internal_type(self):
return "CharField"
def to_python(self, value):
if isinstance(value, six.string_types) or value is None:
return value
return smart_text(value)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(CharField, self).get_prep_value(value)
return self.to_python(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
# Passing max_length to forms.CharField means that the value's length
# will be validated twice. This is considered acceptable since we want
# the value in the form field (to pass into widget for example).
defaults = {'max_length': self.max_length}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(CharField, self).formfield(**defaults)
# TODO: Maybe move this into contrib, because it's specialized.
class CommaSeparatedIntegerField(CharField):
default_validators = [validators.validate_comma_separated_integer_list]
description = _("Comma-separated integers")
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'error_messages': {
'invalid': _('Enter only digits separated by commas.'),
}
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(CommaSeparatedIntegerField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class DateTimeCheckMixin(object):
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(DateTimeCheckMixin, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_mutually_exclusive_options())
errors.extend(self._check_fix_default_value())
return errors
def _check_mutually_exclusive_options(self):
# auto_now, auto_now_add, and default are mutually exclusive
# options. The use of more than one of these options together
# will trigger an Error
mutually_exclusive_options = [self.auto_now_add, self.auto_now,
self.has_default()]
enabled_options = [option not in (None, False)
for option in mutually_exclusive_options].count(True)
if enabled_options > 1:
return [
checks.Error(
"The options auto_now, auto_now_add, and default "
"are mutually exclusive. Only one of these options "
"may be present.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E160',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_fix_default_value(self):
return []
class DateField(DateTimeCheckMixin, Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value has an invalid date format. It must be "
"in YYYY-MM-DD format."),
'invalid_date': _("'%(value)s' value has the correct format (YYYY-MM-DD) "
"but it is an invalid date."),
}
description = _("Date (without time)")
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, auto_now=False,
auto_now_add=False, **kwargs):
self.auto_now, self.auto_now_add = auto_now, auto_now_add
if auto_now or auto_now_add:
kwargs['editable'] = False
kwargs['blank'] = True
super(DateField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, **kwargs)
def _check_fix_default_value(self):
"""
Adds a warning to the checks framework stating, that using an actual
date or datetime value is probably wrong; it's only being evaluated on
server start-up.
For details see ticket #21905
"""
if not self.has_default():
return []
now = timezone.now()
if not timezone.is_naive(now):
now = timezone.make_naive(now, timezone.utc)
value = self.default
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
if not timezone.is_naive(value):
value = timezone.make_naive(value, timezone.utc)
value = value.date()
elif isinstance(value, datetime.date):
# Nothing to do, as dates don't have tz information
pass
else:
# No explicit date / datetime value -- no checks necessary
return []
offset = datetime.timedelta(days=1)
lower = (now - offset).date()
upper = (now + offset).date()
if lower <= value <= upper:
return [
checks.Warning(
'Fixed default value provided.',
hint='It seems you set a fixed date / time / datetime '
'value as default for this field. This may not be '
'what you want. If you want to have the current date '
'as default, use `django.utils.timezone.now`',
obj=self,
id='fields.W161',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(DateField, self).deconstruct()
if self.auto_now:
kwargs['auto_now'] = True
if self.auto_now_add:
kwargs['auto_now_add'] = True
if self.auto_now or self.auto_now_add:
del kwargs['editable']
del kwargs['blank']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "DateField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
if settings.USE_TZ and timezone.is_aware(value):
# Convert aware datetimes to the default time zone
# before casting them to dates (#17742).
default_timezone = timezone.get_default_timezone()
value = timezone.make_naive(value, default_timezone)
return value.date()
if isinstance(value, datetime.date):
return value
try:
parsed = parse_date(value)
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
except ValueError:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid_date'],
code='invalid_date',
params={'value': value},
)
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def pre_save(self, model_instance, add):
if self.auto_now or (self.auto_now_add and add):
value = datetime.date.today()
setattr(model_instance, self.attname, value)
return value
else:
return super(DateField, self).pre_save(model_instance, add)
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, **kwargs):
super(DateField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name, **kwargs)
if not self.null:
setattr(cls, 'get_next_by_%s' % self.name,
curry(cls._get_next_or_previous_by_FIELD, field=self,
is_next=True))
setattr(cls, 'get_previous_by_%s' % self.name,
curry(cls._get_next_or_previous_by_FIELD, field=self,
is_next=False))
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(DateField, self).get_prep_value(value)
return self.to_python(value)
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
# Casts dates into the format expected by the backend
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
return connection.ops.adapt_datefield_value(value)
def value_to_string(self, obj):
val = self.value_from_object(obj)
return '' if val is None else val.isoformat()
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.DateField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(DateField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class DateTimeField(DateField):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value has an invalid format. It must be in "
"YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM[:ss[.uuuuuu]][TZ] format."),
'invalid_date': _("'%(value)s' value has the correct format "
"(YYYY-MM-DD) but it is an invalid date."),
'invalid_datetime': _("'%(value)s' value has the correct format "
"(YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM[:ss[.uuuuuu]][TZ]) "
"but it is an invalid date/time."),
}
description = _("Date (with time)")
# __init__ is inherited from DateField
def _check_fix_default_value(self):
"""
Adds a warning to the checks framework stating, that using an actual
date or datetime value is probably wrong; it's only being evaluated on
server start-up.
For details see ticket #21905
"""
if not self.has_default():
return []
now = timezone.now()
if not timezone.is_naive(now):
now = timezone.make_naive(now, timezone.utc)
value = self.default
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
second_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=10)
lower = now - second_offset
upper = now + second_offset
if timezone.is_aware(value):
value = timezone.make_naive(value, timezone.utc)
elif isinstance(value, datetime.date):
second_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=10)
lower = now - second_offset
lower = datetime.datetime(lower.year, lower.month, lower.day)
upper = now + second_offset
upper = datetime.datetime(upper.year, upper.month, upper.day)
value = datetime.datetime(value.year, value.month, value.day)
else:
# No explicit date / datetime value -- no checks necessary
return []
if lower <= value <= upper:
return [
checks.Warning(
'Fixed default value provided.',
hint='It seems you set a fixed date / time / datetime '
'value as default for this field. This may not be '
'what you want. If you want to have the current date '
'as default, use `django.utils.timezone.now`',
obj=self,
id='fields.W161',
)
]
return []
def get_internal_type(self):
return "DateTimeField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
return value
if isinstance(value, datetime.date):
value = datetime.datetime(value.year, value.month, value.day)
if settings.USE_TZ:
# For backwards compatibility, interpret naive datetimes in
# local time. This won't work during DST change, but we can't
# do much about it, so we let the exceptions percolate up the
# call stack.
warnings.warn("DateTimeField %s.%s received a naive datetime "
"(%s) while time zone support is active." %
(self.model.__name__, self.name, value),
RuntimeWarning)
default_timezone = timezone.get_default_timezone()
value = timezone.make_aware(value, default_timezone)
return value
try:
parsed = parse_datetime(value)
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
except ValueError:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid_datetime'],
code='invalid_datetime',
params={'value': value},
)
try:
parsed = parse_date(value)
if parsed is not None:
return datetime.datetime(parsed.year, parsed.month, parsed.day)
except ValueError:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid_date'],
code='invalid_date',
params={'value': value},
)
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def pre_save(self, model_instance, add):
if self.auto_now or (self.auto_now_add and add):
value = timezone.now()
setattr(model_instance, self.attname, value)
return value
else:
return super(DateTimeField, self).pre_save(model_instance, add)
# contribute_to_class is inherited from DateField, it registers
# get_next_by_FOO and get_prev_by_FOO
# get_prep_lookup is inherited from DateField
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(DateTimeField, self).get_prep_value(value)
value = self.to_python(value)
if value is not None and settings.USE_TZ and timezone.is_naive(value):
# For backwards compatibility, interpret naive datetimes in local
# time. This won't work during DST change, but we can't do much
# about it, so we let the exceptions percolate up the call stack.
try:
name = '%s.%s' % (self.model.__name__, self.name)
except AttributeError:
name = '(unbound)'
warnings.warn("DateTimeField %s received a naive datetime (%s)"
" while time zone support is active." %
(name, value),
RuntimeWarning)
default_timezone = timezone.get_default_timezone()
value = timezone.make_aware(value, default_timezone)
return value
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
# Casts datetimes into the format expected by the backend
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
return connection.ops.adapt_datetimefield_value(value)
def value_to_string(self, obj):
val = self.value_from_object(obj)
return '' if val is None else val.isoformat()
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.DateTimeField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(DateTimeField, self).formfield(**defaults)
@DateTimeField.register_lookup
class DateTimeDateTransform(Transform):
lookup_name = 'date'
@cached_property
def output_field(self):
return DateField()
def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
lhs, lhs_params = compiler.compile(self.lhs)
tzname = timezone.get_current_timezone_name() if settings.USE_TZ else None
sql, tz_params = connection.ops.datetime_cast_date_sql(lhs, tzname)
lhs_params.extend(tz_params)
return sql, lhs_params
class DecimalField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be a decimal number."),
}
description = _("Decimal number")
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, max_digits=None,
decimal_places=None, **kwargs):
self.max_digits, self.decimal_places = max_digits, decimal_places
super(DecimalField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, **kwargs)
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(DecimalField, self).check(**kwargs)
digits_errors = self._check_decimal_places()
digits_errors.extend(self._check_max_digits())
if not digits_errors:
errors.extend(self._check_decimal_places_and_max_digits(**kwargs))
else:
errors.extend(digits_errors)
return errors
def _check_decimal_places(self):
try:
decimal_places = int(self.decimal_places)
if decimal_places < 0:
raise ValueError()
except TypeError:
return [
checks.Error(
"DecimalFields must define a 'decimal_places' attribute.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E130',
)
]
except ValueError:
return [
checks.Error(
"'decimal_places' must be a non-negative integer.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E131',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_max_digits(self):
try:
max_digits = int(self.max_digits)
if max_digits <= 0:
raise ValueError()
except TypeError:
return [
checks.Error(
"DecimalFields must define a 'max_digits' attribute.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E132',
)
]
except ValueError:
return [
checks.Error(
"'max_digits' must be a positive integer.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E133',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_decimal_places_and_max_digits(self, **kwargs):
if int(self.decimal_places) > int(self.max_digits):
return [
checks.Error(
"'max_digits' must be greater or equal to 'decimal_places'.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E134',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(DecimalField, self).deconstruct()
if self.max_digits is not None:
kwargs['max_digits'] = self.max_digits
if self.decimal_places is not None:
kwargs['decimal_places'] = self.decimal_places
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "DecimalField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
try:
return decimal.Decimal(value)
except decimal.InvalidOperation:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def _format(self, value):
if isinstance(value, six.string_types):
return value
else:
return self.format_number(value)
def format_number(self, value):
"""
Formats a number into a string with the requisite number of digits and
decimal places.
"""
# Method moved to django.db.backends.utils.
#
# It is preserved because it is used by the oracle backend
# (django.db.backends.oracle.query), and also for
# backwards-compatibility with any external code which may have used
# this method.
from django.db.backends import utils
return utils.format_number(value, self.max_digits, self.decimal_places)
def get_db_prep_save(self, value, connection):
return connection.ops.adapt_decimalfield_value(self.to_python(value),
self.max_digits, self.decimal_places)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(DecimalField, self).get_prep_value(value)
return self.to_python(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'max_digits': self.max_digits,
'decimal_places': self.decimal_places,
'form_class': forms.DecimalField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(DecimalField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class DurationField(Field):
"""Stores timedelta objects.
Uses interval on postgres, INVERAL DAY TO SECOND on Oracle, and bigint of
microseconds on other databases.
"""
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value has an invalid format. It must be in "
"[DD] [HH:[MM:]]ss[.uuuuuu] format.")
}
description = _("Duration")
def get_internal_type(self):
return "DurationField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
if isinstance(value, datetime.timedelta):
return value
try:
parsed = parse_duration(value)
except ValueError:
pass
else:
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
if connection.features.has_native_duration_field:
return value
if value is None:
return None
return value.total_seconds() * 1000000
def get_db_converters(self, connection):
converters = []
if not connection.features.has_native_duration_field:
converters.append(connection.ops.convert_durationfield_value)
return converters + super(DurationField, self).get_db_converters(connection)
def value_to_string(self, obj):
val = self.value_from_object(obj)
return '' if val is None else duration_string(val)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.DurationField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(DurationField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class EmailField(CharField):
default_validators = [validators.validate_email]
description = _("Email address")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
# max_length=254 to be compliant with RFCs 3696 and 5321
kwargs['max_length'] = kwargs.get('max_length', 254)
super(EmailField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(EmailField, self).deconstruct()
# We do not exclude max_length if it matches default as we want to change
# the default in future.
return name, path, args, kwargs
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
# As with CharField, this will cause email validation to be performed
# twice.
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.EmailField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(EmailField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class FilePathField(Field):
description = _("File path")
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, path='', match=None,
recursive=False, allow_files=True, allow_folders=False, **kwargs):
self.path, self.match, self.recursive = path, match, recursive
self.allow_files, self.allow_folders = allow_files, allow_folders
kwargs['max_length'] = kwargs.get('max_length', 100)
super(FilePathField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, **kwargs)
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(FilePathField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_allowing_files_or_folders(**kwargs))
return errors
def _check_allowing_files_or_folders(self, **kwargs):
if not self.allow_files and not self.allow_folders:
return [
checks.Error(
"FilePathFields must have either 'allow_files' or 'allow_folders' set to True.",
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E140',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(FilePathField, self).deconstruct()
if self.path != '':
kwargs['path'] = self.path
if self.match is not None:
kwargs['match'] = self.match
if self.recursive is not False:
kwargs['recursive'] = self.recursive
if self.allow_files is not True:
kwargs['allow_files'] = self.allow_files
if self.allow_folders is not False:
kwargs['allow_folders'] = self.allow_folders
if kwargs.get("max_length") == 100:
del kwargs["max_length"]
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(FilePathField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return six.text_type(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'path': self.path,
'match': self.match,
'recursive': self.recursive,
'form_class': forms.FilePathField,
'allow_files': self.allow_files,
'allow_folders': self.allow_folders,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(FilePathField, self).formfield(**defaults)
def get_internal_type(self):
return "FilePathField"
class FloatField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be a float."),
}
description = _("Floating point number")
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(FloatField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return float(value)
def get_internal_type(self):
return "FloatField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
try:
return float(value)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.FloatField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(FloatField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class IntegerField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be an integer."),
}
description = _("Integer")
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(IntegerField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_max_length_warning())
return errors
def _check_max_length_warning(self):
if self.max_length is not None:
return [
checks.Warning(
"'max_length' is ignored when used with IntegerField",
hint="Remove 'max_length' from field",
obj=self,
id='fields.W122',
)
]
return []
@cached_property
def validators(self):
# These validators can't be added at field initialization time since
# they're based on values retrieved from `connection`.
range_validators = []
internal_type = self.get_internal_type()
min_value, max_value = connection.ops.integer_field_range(internal_type)
if min_value is not None:
range_validators.append(validators.MinValueValidator(min_value))
if max_value is not None:
range_validators.append(validators.MaxValueValidator(max_value))
return super(IntegerField, self).validators + range_validators
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(IntegerField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return int(value)
def get_prep_lookup(self, lookup_type, value):
if ((lookup_type == 'gte' or lookup_type == 'lt')
and isinstance(value, float)):
value = math.ceil(value)
return super(IntegerField, self).get_prep_lookup(lookup_type, value)
def get_internal_type(self):
return "IntegerField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return value
try:
return int(value)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.IntegerField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(IntegerField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class BigIntegerField(IntegerField):
empty_strings_allowed = False
description = _("Big (8 byte) integer")
MAX_BIGINT = 9223372036854775807
def get_internal_type(self):
return "BigIntegerField"
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'min_value': -BigIntegerField.MAX_BIGINT - 1,
'max_value': BigIntegerField.MAX_BIGINT}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(BigIntegerField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class IPAddressField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
description = _("IPv4 address")
system_check_removed_details = {
'msg': (
'IPAddressField has been removed except for support in '
'historical migrations.'
),
'hint': 'Use GenericIPAddressField instead.',
'id': 'fields.E900',
}
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['max_length'] = 15
super(IPAddressField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(IPAddressField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['max_length']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(IPAddressField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return six.text_type(value)
def get_internal_type(self):
return "IPAddressField"
class GenericIPAddressField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
description = _("IP address")
default_error_messages = {}
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, protocol='both',
unpack_ipv4=False, *args, **kwargs):
self.unpack_ipv4 = unpack_ipv4
self.protocol = protocol
self.default_validators, invalid_error_message = \
validators.ip_address_validators(protocol, unpack_ipv4)
self.default_error_messages['invalid'] = invalid_error_message
kwargs['max_length'] = 39
super(GenericIPAddressField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, *args,
**kwargs)
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(GenericIPAddressField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_blank_and_null_values(**kwargs))
return errors
def _check_blank_and_null_values(self, **kwargs):
if not getattr(self, 'null', False) and getattr(self, 'blank', False):
return [
checks.Error(
('GenericIPAddressFields cannot have blank=True if null=False, '
'as blank values are stored as nulls.'),
hint=None,
obj=self,
id='fields.E150',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(GenericIPAddressField, self).deconstruct()
if self.unpack_ipv4 is not False:
kwargs['unpack_ipv4'] = self.unpack_ipv4
if self.protocol != "both":
kwargs['protocol'] = self.protocol
if kwargs.get("max_length") == 39:
del kwargs['max_length']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "GenericIPAddressField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return None
if not isinstance(value, six.string_types):
value = force_text(value)
value = value.strip()
if ':' in value:
return clean_ipv6_address(value,
self.unpack_ipv4, self.error_messages['invalid'])
return value
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
return connection.ops.adapt_ipaddressfield_value(value)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(GenericIPAddressField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
if value and ':' in value:
try:
return clean_ipv6_address(value, self.unpack_ipv4)
except exceptions.ValidationError:
pass
return six.text_type(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'protocol': self.protocol,
'form_class': forms.GenericIPAddressField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(GenericIPAddressField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class NullBooleanField(Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value must be either None, True or False."),
}
description = _("Boolean (Either True, False or None)")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['null'] = True
kwargs['blank'] = True
super(NullBooleanField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(NullBooleanField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['null']
del kwargs['blank']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "NullBooleanField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return None
if value in (True, False):
return bool(value)
if value in ('None',):
return None
if value in ('t', 'True', '1'):
return True
if value in ('f', 'False', '0'):
return False
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def get_prep_lookup(self, lookup_type, value):
# Special-case handling for filters coming from a Web request (e.g. the
# admin interface). Only works for scalar values (not lists). If you're
# passing in a list, you might as well make things the right type when
# constructing the list.
if value in ('1', '0'):
value = bool(int(value))
return super(NullBooleanField, self).get_prep_lookup(lookup_type,
value)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(NullBooleanField, self).get_prep_value(value)
if value is None:
return None
return bool(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.NullBooleanField,
'required': not self.blank,
'label': capfirst(self.verbose_name),
'help_text': self.help_text}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(NullBooleanField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class PositiveIntegerField(IntegerField):
description = _("Positive integer")
def get_internal_type(self):
return "PositiveIntegerField"
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'min_value': 0}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(PositiveIntegerField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class PositiveSmallIntegerField(IntegerField):
description = _("Positive small integer")
def get_internal_type(self):
return "PositiveSmallIntegerField"
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'min_value': 0}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(PositiveSmallIntegerField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class SlugField(CharField):
default_validators = [validators.validate_slug]
description = _("Slug (up to %(max_length)s)")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['max_length'] = kwargs.get('max_length', 50)
# Set db_index=True unless it's been set manually.
if 'db_index' not in kwargs:
kwargs['db_index'] = True
self.allow_unicode = kwargs.pop('allow_unicode', False)
if self.allow_unicode:
self.default_validators = [validators.validate_unicode_slug]
super(SlugField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(SlugField, self).deconstruct()
if kwargs.get("max_length") == 50:
del kwargs['max_length']
if self.db_index is False:
kwargs['db_index'] = False
else:
del kwargs['db_index']
if self.allow_unicode is not False:
kwargs['allow_unicode'] = self.allow_unicode
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "SlugField"
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.SlugField, 'allow_unicode': self.allow_unicode}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(SlugField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class SmallIntegerField(IntegerField):
description = _("Small integer")
def get_internal_type(self):
return "SmallIntegerField"
class TextField(Field):
description = _("Text")
def get_internal_type(self):
return "TextField"
def to_python(self, value):
if isinstance(value, six.string_types) or value is None:
return value
return smart_text(value)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(TextField, self).get_prep_value(value)
return self.to_python(value)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
# Passing max_length to forms.CharField means that the value's length
# will be validated twice. This is considered acceptable since we want
# the value in the form field (to pass into widget for example).
defaults = {'max_length': self.max_length, 'widget': forms.Textarea}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(TextField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class TimeField(DateTimeCheckMixin, Field):
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' value has an invalid format. It must be in "
"HH:MM[:ss[.uuuuuu]] format."),
'invalid_time': _("'%(value)s' value has the correct format "
"(HH:MM[:ss[.uuuuuu]]) but it is an invalid time."),
}
description = _("Time")
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, auto_now=False,
auto_now_add=False, **kwargs):
self.auto_now, self.auto_now_add = auto_now, auto_now_add
if auto_now or auto_now_add:
kwargs['editable'] = False
kwargs['blank'] = True
super(TimeField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, **kwargs)
def _check_fix_default_value(self):
"""
Adds a warning to the checks framework stating, that using an actual
time or datetime value is probably wrong; it's only being evaluated on
server start-up.
For details see ticket #21905
"""
if not self.has_default():
return []
now = timezone.now()
if not timezone.is_naive(now):
now = timezone.make_naive(now, timezone.utc)
value = self.default
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
second_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=10)
lower = now - second_offset
upper = now + second_offset
if timezone.is_aware(value):
value = timezone.make_naive(value, timezone.utc)
elif isinstance(value, datetime.time):
second_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=10)
lower = now - second_offset
upper = now + second_offset
value = datetime.datetime.combine(now.date(), value)
if timezone.is_aware(value):
value = timezone.make_naive(value, timezone.utc).time()
else:
# No explicit time / datetime value -- no checks necessary
return []
if lower <= value <= upper:
return [
checks.Warning(
'Fixed default value provided.',
hint='It seems you set a fixed date / time / datetime '
'value as default for this field. This may not be '
'what you want. If you want to have the current date '
'as default, use `django.utils.timezone.now`',
obj=self,
id='fields.W161',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(TimeField, self).deconstruct()
if self.auto_now is not False:
kwargs["auto_now"] = self.auto_now
if self.auto_now_add is not False:
kwargs["auto_now_add"] = self.auto_now_add
if self.auto_now or self.auto_now_add:
del kwargs['blank']
del kwargs['editable']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "TimeField"
def to_python(self, value):
if value is None:
return None
if isinstance(value, datetime.time):
return value
if isinstance(value, datetime.datetime):
# Not usually a good idea to pass in a datetime here (it loses
# information), but this can be a side-effect of interacting with a
# database backend (e.g. Oracle), so we'll be accommodating.
return value.time()
try:
parsed = parse_time(value)
if parsed is not None:
return parsed
except ValueError:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid_time'],
code='invalid_time',
params={'value': value},
)
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
def pre_save(self, model_instance, add):
if self.auto_now or (self.auto_now_add and add):
value = datetime.datetime.now().time()
setattr(model_instance, self.attname, value)
return value
else:
return super(TimeField, self).pre_save(model_instance, add)
def get_prep_value(self, value):
value = super(TimeField, self).get_prep_value(value)
return self.to_python(value)
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
# Casts times into the format expected by the backend
if not prepared:
value = self.get_prep_value(value)
return connection.ops.adapt_timefield_value(value)
def value_to_string(self, obj):
val = self.value_from_object(obj)
return '' if val is None else val.isoformat()
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {'form_class': forms.TimeField}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(TimeField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class URLField(CharField):
default_validators = [validators.URLValidator()]
description = _("URL")
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, name=None, **kwargs):
kwargs['max_length'] = kwargs.get('max_length', 200)
super(URLField, self).__init__(verbose_name, name, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(URLField, self).deconstruct()
if kwargs.get("max_length") == 200:
del kwargs['max_length']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
# As with CharField, this will cause URL validation to be performed
# twice.
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.URLField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(URLField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class BinaryField(Field):
description = _("Raw binary data")
empty_values = [None, b'']
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['editable'] = False
super(BinaryField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if self.max_length is not None:
self.validators.append(validators.MaxLengthValidator(self.max_length))
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(BinaryField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['editable']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "BinaryField"
def get_default(self):
if self.has_default() and not callable(self.default):
return self.default
default = super(BinaryField, self).get_default()
if default == '':
return b''
return default
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
value = super(BinaryField, self).get_db_prep_value(value, connection, prepared)
if value is not None:
return connection.Database.Binary(value)
return value
def value_to_string(self, obj):
"""Binary data is serialized as base64"""
return b64encode(force_bytes(self.value_from_object(obj))).decode('ascii')
def to_python(self, value):
# If it's a string, it should be base64-encoded data
if isinstance(value, six.text_type):
return six.memoryview(b64decode(force_bytes(value)))
return value
class UUIDField(Field):
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _("'%(value)s' is not a valid UUID."),
}
description = 'Universally unique identifier'
empty_strings_allowed = False
def __init__(self, verbose_name=None, **kwargs):
kwargs['max_length'] = 32
super(UUIDField, self).__init__(verbose_name, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(UUIDField, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['max_length']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def get_internal_type(self):
return "UUIDField"
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
if value is None:
return None
if not isinstance(value, uuid.UUID):
try:
value = uuid.UUID(value)
except AttributeError:
raise TypeError(self.error_messages['invalid'] % {'value': value})
if connection.features.has_native_uuid_field:
return value
return value.hex
def to_python(self, value):
if value and not isinstance(value, uuid.UUID):
try:
return uuid.UUID(value)
except ValueError:
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={'value': value},
)
return value
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.UUIDField,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(UUIDField, self).formfield(**defaults)
class DateTransform(Transform):
def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
sql, params = compiler.compile(self.lhs)
lhs_output_field = self.lhs.output_field
if isinstance(lhs_output_field, DateTimeField):
tzname = timezone.get_current_timezone_name() if settings.USE_TZ else None
sql, tz_params = connection.ops.datetime_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql, tzname)
params.extend(tz_params)
elif isinstance(lhs_output_field, DateField):
sql = connection.ops.date_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql)
elif isinstance(lhs_output_field, TimeField):
sql = connection.ops.time_extract_sql(self.lookup_name, sql)
else:
raise ValueError('DateTransform only valid on Date/Time/DateTimeFields')
return sql, params
@cached_property
def output_field(self):
return IntegerField()
class YearTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'year'
class YearLookup(Lookup):
def year_lookup_bounds(self, connection, year):
output_field = self.lhs.lhs.output_field
if isinstance(output_field, DateTimeField):
bounds = connection.ops.year_lookup_bounds_for_datetime_field(year)
else:
bounds = connection.ops.year_lookup_bounds_for_date_field(year)
return bounds
@YearTransform.register_lookup
class YearExact(YearLookup):
lookup_name = 'exact'
def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
# We will need to skip the extract part and instead go
# directly with the originating field, that is self.lhs.lhs.
lhs_sql, params = self.process_lhs(compiler, connection, self.lhs.lhs)
rhs_sql, rhs_params = self.process_rhs(compiler, connection)
bounds = self.year_lookup_bounds(connection, rhs_params[0])
params.extend(bounds)
return '%s BETWEEN %%s AND %%s' % lhs_sql, params
class YearComparisonLookup(YearLookup):
def as_sql(self, compiler, connection):
# We will need to skip the extract part and instead go
# directly with the originating field, that is self.lhs.lhs.
lhs_sql, params = self.process_lhs(compiler, connection, self.lhs.lhs)
rhs_sql, rhs_params = self.process_rhs(compiler, connection)
rhs_sql = self.get_rhs_op(connection, rhs_sql)
start, finish = self.year_lookup_bounds(connection, rhs_params[0])
params.append(self.get_bound(start, finish))
return '%s %s' % (lhs_sql, rhs_sql), params
def get_rhs_op(self, connection, rhs):
return connection.operators[self.lookup_name] % rhs
def get_bound(self):
raise NotImplementedError(
'subclasses of YearComparisonLookup must provide a get_bound() method'
)
@YearTransform.register_lookup
class YearGt(YearComparisonLookup):
lookup_name = 'gt'
def get_bound(self, start, finish):
return finish
@YearTransform.register_lookup
class YearGte(YearComparisonLookup):
lookup_name = 'gte'
def get_bound(self, start, finish):
return start
@YearTransform.register_lookup
class YearLt(YearComparisonLookup):
lookup_name = 'lt'
def get_bound(self, start, finish):
return start
@YearTransform.register_lookup
class YearLte(YearComparisonLookup):
lookup_name = 'lte'
def get_bound(self, start, finish):
return finish
class MonthTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'month'
class DayTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'day'
class WeekDayTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'week_day'
class HourTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'hour'
class MinuteTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'minute'
class SecondTransform(DateTransform):
lookup_name = 'second'
DateField.register_lookup(YearTransform)
DateField.register_lookup(MonthTransform)
DateField.register_lookup(DayTransform)
DateField.register_lookup(WeekDayTransform)
TimeField.register_lookup(HourTransform)
TimeField.register_lookup(MinuteTransform)
TimeField.register_lookup(SecondTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(YearTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(MonthTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(DayTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(WeekDayTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(HourTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(MinuteTransform)
DateTimeField.register_lookup(SecondTransform)
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