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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import warnings
from functools import partial
from django import forms
from django.apps import apps
from django.core import checks, exceptions
from django.db import connection, router
from django.db.backends import utils
from django.db.models import Q
from django.db.models.constants import LOOKUP_SEP
from django.db.models.deletion import CASCADE, SET_DEFAULT, SET_NULL
from django.db.models.query_utils import PathInfo
from django.db.models.utils import make_model_tuple
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.deprecation import RemovedInDjango20Warning
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.functional import cached_property, curry
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
from django.utils.version import get_docs_version
from . import Field
from .related_descriptors import (
ForwardManyToOneDescriptor, ForwardOneToOneDescriptor,
ManyToManyDescriptor, ReverseManyToOneDescriptor,
ReverseOneToOneDescriptor,
)
from .related_lookups import (
RelatedExact, RelatedGreaterThan, RelatedGreaterThanOrEqual, RelatedIn,
RelatedIsNull, RelatedLessThan, RelatedLessThanOrEqual,
)
from .reverse_related import (
ForeignObjectRel, ManyToManyRel, ManyToOneRel, OneToOneRel,
)
RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT = 'self'
def resolve_relation(scope_model, relation):
"""
Transform relation into a model or fully-qualified model string of the form
"app_label.ModelName", relative to scope_model.
The relation argument can be:
* RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT, i.e. the string "self", in which case
the model argument will be returned.
* A bare model name without an app_label, in which case scope_model's
app_label will be prepended.
* An "app_label.ModelName" string.
* A model class, which will be returned unchanged.
"""
# Check for recursive relations
if relation == RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT:
relation = scope_model
# Look for an "app.Model" relation
if isinstance(relation, six.string_types):
if "." not in relation:
relation = "%s.%s" % (scope_model._meta.app_label, relation)
return relation
def lazy_related_operation(function, model, *related_models, **kwargs):
"""
Schedule `function` to be called once `model` and all `related_models`
have been imported and registered with the app registry. `function` will
be called with the newly-loaded model classes as its positional arguments,
plus any optional keyword arguments.
The `model` argument must be a model class. Each subsequent positional
argument is another model, or a reference to another model - see
`resolve_relation()` for the various forms these may take. Any relative
references will be resolved relative to `model`.
This is a convenience wrapper for `Apps.lazy_model_operation` - the app
registry model used is the one found in `model._meta.apps`.
"""
models = [model] + [resolve_relation(model, rel) for rel in related_models]
model_keys = (make_model_tuple(m) for m in models)
apps = model._meta.apps
return apps.lazy_model_operation(partial(function, **kwargs), *model_keys)
def add_lazy_relation(cls, field, relation, operation):
warnings.warn(
"add_lazy_relation() has been superseded by lazy_related_operation() "
"and related methods on the Apps class.",
RemovedInDjango20Warning, stacklevel=2)
# Rearrange args for new Apps.lazy_model_operation
def function(local, related, field):
return operation(field, related, local)
lazy_related_operation(function, cls, relation, field=field)
class RelatedField(Field):
"""
Base class that all relational fields inherit from.
"""
# Field flags
one_to_many = False
one_to_one = False
many_to_many = False
many_to_one = False
@cached_property
def related_model(self):
# Can't cache this property until all the models are loaded.
apps.check_models_ready()
return self.remote_field.model
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(RelatedField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_related_name_is_valid())
errors.extend(self._check_related_query_name_is_valid())
errors.extend(self._check_relation_model_exists())
errors.extend(self._check_referencing_to_swapped_model())
errors.extend(self._check_clashes())
return errors
def _check_related_name_is_valid(self):
import re
import keyword
related_name = self.remote_field.related_name
if related_name is None:
return []
is_valid_id = True
if keyword.iskeyword(related_name):
is_valid_id = False
if six.PY3:
if not related_name.isidentifier():
is_valid_id = False
else:
if not re.match(r'^[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\Z', related_name):
is_valid_id = False
if not (is_valid_id or related_name.endswith('+')):
return [
checks.Error(
"The name '%s' is invalid related_name for field %s.%s" %
(self.remote_field.related_name, self.model._meta.object_name,
self.name),
hint="Related name must be a valid Python identifier or end with a '+'",
obj=self,
id='fields.E306',
)
]
return []
def _check_related_query_name_is_valid(self):
if self.remote_field.is_hidden():
return []
rel_query_name = self.related_query_name()
errors = []
if rel_query_name.endswith('_'):
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse query name '%s' must not end with an underscore."
% (rel_query_name,),
hint=("Add or change a related_name or related_query_name "
"argument for this field."),
obj=self,
id='fields.E308',
)
)
if LOOKUP_SEP in rel_query_name:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse query name '%s' must not contain '%s'."
% (rel_query_name, LOOKUP_SEP),
hint=("Add or change a related_name or related_query_name "
"argument for this field."),
obj=self,
id='fields.E309',
)
)
return errors
def _check_relation_model_exists(self):
rel_is_missing = self.remote_field.model not in self.opts.apps.get_models()
rel_is_string = isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types)
model_name = self.remote_field.model if rel_is_string else self.remote_field.model._meta.object_name
if rel_is_missing and (rel_is_string or not self.remote_field.model._meta.swapped):
return [
checks.Error(
"Field defines a relation with model '%s', which is either "
"not installed, or is abstract." % model_name,
obj=self,
id='fields.E300',
)
]
return []
def _check_referencing_to_swapped_model(self):
if (self.remote_field.model not in self.opts.apps.get_models() and
not isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types) and
self.remote_field.model._meta.swapped):
model = "%s.%s" % (
self.remote_field.model._meta.app_label,
self.remote_field.model._meta.object_name
)
return [
checks.Error(
"Field defines a relation with the model '%s', which has "
"been swapped out." % model,
hint="Update the relation to point at 'settings.%s'." % self.remote_field.model._meta.swappable,
obj=self,
id='fields.E301',
)
]
return []
def _check_clashes(self):
"""
Check accessor and reverse query name clashes.
"""
from django.db.models.base import ModelBase
errors = []
opts = self.model._meta
# `f.remote_field.model` may be a string instead of a model. Skip if model name is
# not resolved.
if not isinstance(self.remote_field.model, ModelBase):
return []
# Consider that we are checking field `Model.foreign` and the models
# are:
#
# class Target(models.Model):
# model = models.IntegerField()
# model_set = models.IntegerField()
#
# class Model(models.Model):
# foreign = models.ForeignKey(Target)
# m2m = models.ManyToManyField(Target)
# rel_opts.object_name == "Target"
rel_opts = self.remote_field.model._meta
# If the field doesn't install a backward relation on the target model
# (so `is_hidden` returns True), then there are no clashes to check
# and we can skip these fields.
rel_is_hidden = self.remote_field.is_hidden()
rel_name = self.remote_field.get_accessor_name() # i. e. "model_set"
rel_query_name = self.related_query_name() # i. e. "model"
field_name = "%s.%s" % (opts.object_name, self.name) # i. e. "Model.field"
# Check clashes between accessor or reverse query name of `field`
# and any other field name -- i.e. accessor for Model.foreign is
# model_set and it clashes with Target.model_set.
potential_clashes = rel_opts.fields + rel_opts.many_to_many
for clash_field in potential_clashes:
clash_name = "%s.%s" % (rel_opts.object_name, clash_field.name) # i.e. "Target.model_set"
if not rel_is_hidden and clash_field.name == rel_name:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse accessor for '%s' clashes with field name '%s'." % (field_name, clash_name),
hint=("Rename field '%s', or add/change a related_name "
"argument to the definition for field '%s'.") % (clash_name, field_name),
obj=self,
id='fields.E302',
)
)
if clash_field.name == rel_query_name:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse query name for '%s' clashes with field name '%s'." % (field_name, clash_name),
hint=("Rename field '%s', or add/change a related_name "
"argument to the definition for field '%s'.") % (clash_name, field_name),
obj=self,
id='fields.E303',
)
)
# Check clashes between accessors/reverse query names of `field` and
# any other field accessor -- i. e. Model.foreign accessor clashes with
# Model.m2m accessor.
potential_clashes = (r for r in rel_opts.related_objects if r.field is not self)
for clash_field in potential_clashes:
clash_name = "%s.%s" % ( # i. e. "Model.m2m"
clash_field.related_model._meta.object_name,
clash_field.field.name)
if not rel_is_hidden and clash_field.get_accessor_name() == rel_name:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse accessor for '%s' clashes with reverse accessor for '%s'." % (field_name, clash_name),
hint=("Add or change a related_name argument "
"to the definition for '%s' or '%s'.") % (field_name, clash_name),
obj=self,
id='fields.E304',
)
)
if clash_field.get_accessor_name() == rel_query_name:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Reverse query name for '%s' clashes with reverse query name for '%s'."
% (field_name, clash_name),
hint=("Add or change a related_name argument "
"to the definition for '%s' or '%s'.") % (field_name, clash_name),
obj=self,
id='fields.E305',
)
)
return errors
def db_type(self, connection):
# By default related field will not have a column as it relates to
# columns from another table.
return None
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, private_only=False, **kwargs):
super(RelatedField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name, private_only=private_only, **kwargs)
self.opts = cls._meta
if not cls._meta.abstract:
if self.remote_field.related_name:
related_name = self.remote_field.related_name
else:
related_name = self.opts.default_related_name
if related_name:
related_name = force_text(related_name) % {
'class': cls.__name__.lower(),
'model_name': cls._meta.model_name.lower(),
'app_label': cls._meta.app_label.lower()
}
self.remote_field.related_name = related_name
if self.remote_field.related_query_name:
related_query_name = force_text(self.remote_field.related_query_name) % {
'class': cls.__name__.lower(),
'app_label': cls._meta.app_label.lower(),
}
self.remote_field.related_query_name = related_query_name
def resolve_related_class(model, related, field):
field.remote_field.model = related
field.do_related_class(related, model)
lazy_related_operation(resolve_related_class, cls, self.remote_field.model, field=self)
def get_forward_related_filter(self, obj):
"""
Return the keyword arguments that when supplied to
self.model.object.filter(), would select all instances related through
this field to the remote obj. This is used to build the querysets
returned by related descriptors. obj is an instance of
self.related_field.model.
"""
return {
'%s__%s' % (self.name, rh_field.name): getattr(obj, rh_field.attname)
for _, rh_field in self.related_fields
}
def get_reverse_related_filter(self, obj):
"""
Complement to get_forward_related_filter(). Return the keyword
arguments that when passed to self.related_field.model.object.filter()
select all instances of self.related_field.model related through
this field to obj. obj is an instance of self.model.
"""
base_filter = {
rh_field.attname: getattr(obj, lh_field.attname)
for lh_field, rh_field in self.related_fields
}
descriptor_filter = self.get_extra_descriptor_filter(obj)
base_q = Q(**base_filter)
if isinstance(descriptor_filter, dict):
return base_q & Q(**descriptor_filter)
elif descriptor_filter:
return base_q & descriptor_filter
return base_q
@property
def swappable_setting(self):
"""
Get the setting that this is powered from for swapping, or None
if it's not swapped in / marked with swappable=False.
"""
if self.swappable:
# Work out string form of "to"
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
to_string = self.remote_field.model
else:
to_string = self.remote_field.model._meta.label
return apps.get_swappable_settings_name(to_string)
return None
def set_attributes_from_rel(self):
self.name = (
self.name or
(self.remote_field.model._meta.model_name + '_' + self.remote_field.model._meta.pk.name)
)
if self.verbose_name is None:
self.verbose_name = self.remote_field.model._meta.verbose_name
self.remote_field.set_field_name()
def do_related_class(self, other, cls):
self.set_attributes_from_rel()
self.contribute_to_related_class(other, self.remote_field)
def get_limit_choices_to(self):
"""
Return ``limit_choices_to`` for this model field.
If it is a callable, it will be invoked and the result will be
returned.
"""
if callable(self.remote_field.limit_choices_to):
return self.remote_field.limit_choices_to()
return self.remote_field.limit_choices_to
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
"""
Pass ``limit_choices_to`` to the field being constructed.
Only passes it if there is a type that supports related fields.
This is a similar strategy used to pass the ``queryset`` to the field
being constructed.
"""
defaults = {}
if hasattr(self.remote_field, 'get_related_field'):
# If this is a callable, do not invoke it here. Just pass
# it in the defaults for when the form class will later be
# instantiated.
limit_choices_to = self.remote_field.limit_choices_to
defaults.update({
'limit_choices_to': limit_choices_to,
})
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(RelatedField, self).formfield(**defaults)
def related_query_name(self):
"""
Define the name that can be used to identify this related object in a
table-spanning query.
"""
return self.remote_field.related_query_name or self.remote_field.related_name or self.opts.model_name
@property
def target_field(self):
"""
When filtering against this relation, returns the field on the remote
model against which the filtering should happen.
"""
target_fields = self.get_path_info()[-1].target_fields
if len(target_fields) > 1:
raise exceptions.FieldError(
"The relation has multiple target fields, but only single target field was asked for")
return target_fields[0]
class ForeignObject(RelatedField):
"""
Abstraction of the ForeignKey relation, supports multi-column relations.
"""
# Field flags
many_to_many = False
many_to_one = True
one_to_many = False
one_to_one = False
requires_unique_target = True
related_accessor_class = ReverseManyToOneDescriptor
forward_related_accessor_class = ForwardManyToOneDescriptor
rel_class = ForeignObjectRel
def __init__(self, to, on_delete, from_fields, to_fields, rel=None, related_name=None,
related_query_name=None, limit_choices_to=None, parent_link=False,
swappable=True, **kwargs):
if rel is None:
rel = self.rel_class(
self, to,
related_name=related_name,
related_query_name=related_query_name,
limit_choices_to=limit_choices_to,
parent_link=parent_link,
on_delete=on_delete,
)
super(ForeignObject, self).__init__(rel=rel, **kwargs)
self.from_fields = from_fields
self.to_fields = to_fields
self.swappable = swappable
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(ForeignObject, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_to_fields_exist())
errors.extend(self._check_unique_target())
return errors
def _check_to_fields_exist(self):
# Skip nonexistent models.
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
return []
errors = []
for to_field in self.to_fields:
if to_field:
try:
self.remote_field.model._meta.get_field(to_field)
except exceptions.FieldDoesNotExist:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"The to_field '%s' doesn't exist on the related "
"model '%s'."
% (to_field, self.remote_field.model._meta.label),
obj=self,
id='fields.E312',
)
)
return errors
def _check_unique_target(self):
rel_is_string = isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types)
if rel_is_string or not self.requires_unique_target:
return []
try:
self.foreign_related_fields
except exceptions.FieldDoesNotExist:
return []
if not self.foreign_related_fields:
return []
unique_foreign_fields = {
frozenset([f.name])
for f in self.remote_field.model._meta.get_fields()
if getattr(f, 'unique', False)
}
unique_foreign_fields.update({
frozenset(ut)
for ut in self.remote_field.model._meta.unique_together
})
foreign_fields = {f.name for f in self.foreign_related_fields}
has_unique_constraint = any(u <= foreign_fields for u in unique_foreign_fields)
if not has_unique_constraint and len(self.foreign_related_fields) > 1:
field_combination = ', '.join(
"'%s'" % rel_field.name for rel_field in self.foreign_related_fields
)
model_name = self.remote_field.model.__name__
return [
checks.Error(
"No subset of the fields %s on model '%s' is unique."
% (field_combination, model_name),
hint=(
"Add unique=True on any of those fields or add at "
"least a subset of them to a unique_together constraint."
),
obj=self,
id='fields.E310',
)
]
elif not has_unique_constraint:
field_name = self.foreign_related_fields[0].name
model_name = self.remote_field.model.__name__
return [
checks.Error(
"'%s.%s' must set unique=True because it is referenced by "
"a foreign key." % (model_name, field_name),
obj=self,
id='fields.E311',
)
]
else:
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(ForeignObject, self).deconstruct()
kwargs['on_delete'] = self.remote_field.on_delete
kwargs['from_fields'] = self.from_fields
kwargs['to_fields'] = self.to_fields
if self.remote_field.related_name is not None:
kwargs['related_name'] = self.remote_field.related_name
if self.remote_field.related_query_name is not None:
kwargs['related_query_name'] = self.remote_field.related_query_name
if self.remote_field.parent_link:
kwargs['parent_link'] = self.remote_field.parent_link
# Work out string form of "to"
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
kwargs['to'] = self.remote_field.model
else:
kwargs['to'] = "%s.%s" % (
self.remote_field.model._meta.app_label,
self.remote_field.model._meta.object_name,
)
# If swappable is True, then see if we're actually pointing to the target
# of a swap.
swappable_setting = self.swappable_setting
if swappable_setting is not None:
# If it's already a settings reference, error
if hasattr(kwargs['to'], "setting_name"):
if kwargs['to'].setting_name != swappable_setting:
raise ValueError(
"Cannot deconstruct a ForeignKey pointing to a model "
"that is swapped in place of more than one model (%s and %s)"
% (kwargs['to'].setting_name, swappable_setting)
)
# Set it
from django.db.migrations.writer import SettingsReference
kwargs['to'] = SettingsReference(
kwargs['to'],
swappable_setting,
)
return name, path, args, kwargs
def resolve_related_fields(self):
if len(self.from_fields) < 1 or len(self.from_fields) != len(self.to_fields):
raise ValueError('Foreign Object from and to fields must be the same non-zero length')
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
raise ValueError('Related model %r cannot be resolved' % self.remote_field.model)
related_fields = []
for index in range(len(self.from_fields)):
from_field_name = self.from_fields[index]
to_field_name = self.to_fields[index]
from_field = (self if from_field_name == 'self'
else self.opts.get_field(from_field_name))
to_field = (self.remote_field.model._meta.pk if to_field_name is None
else self.remote_field.model._meta.get_field(to_field_name))
related_fields.append((from_field, to_field))
return related_fields
@property
def related_fields(self):
if not hasattr(self, '_related_fields'):
self._related_fields = self.resolve_related_fields()
return self._related_fields
@property
def reverse_related_fields(self):
return [(rhs_field, lhs_field) for lhs_field, rhs_field in self.related_fields]
@property
def local_related_fields(self):
return tuple(lhs_field for lhs_field, rhs_field in self.related_fields)
@property
def foreign_related_fields(self):
return tuple(rhs_field for lhs_field, rhs_field in self.related_fields if rhs_field)
def get_local_related_value(self, instance):
return self.get_instance_value_for_fields(instance, self.local_related_fields)
def get_foreign_related_value(self, instance):
return self.get_instance_value_for_fields(instance, self.foreign_related_fields)
@staticmethod
def get_instance_value_for_fields(instance, fields):
ret = []
opts = instance._meta
for field in fields:
# Gotcha: in some cases (like fixture loading) a model can have
# different values in parent_ptr_id and parent's id. So, use
# instance.pk (that is, parent_ptr_id) when asked for instance.id.
if field.primary_key:
possible_parent_link = opts.get_ancestor_link(field.model)
if (not possible_parent_link or
possible_parent_link.primary_key or
possible_parent_link.model._meta.abstract):
ret.append(instance.pk)
continue
ret.append(getattr(instance, field.attname))
return tuple(ret)
def get_attname_column(self):
attname, column = super(ForeignObject, self).get_attname_column()
return attname, None
def get_joining_columns(self, reverse_join=False):
source = self.reverse_related_fields if reverse_join else self.related_fields
return tuple((lhs_field.column, rhs_field.column) for lhs_field, rhs_field in source)
def get_reverse_joining_columns(self):
return self.get_joining_columns(reverse_join=True)
def get_extra_descriptor_filter(self, instance):
"""
Return an extra filter condition for related object fetching when
user does 'instance.fieldname', that is the extra filter is used in
the descriptor of the field.
The filter should be either a dict usable in .filter(**kwargs) call or
a Q-object. The condition will be ANDed together with the relation's
joining columns.
A parallel method is get_extra_restriction() which is used in
JOIN and subquery conditions.
"""
return {}
def get_extra_restriction(self, where_class, alias, related_alias):
"""
Return a pair condition used for joining and subquery pushdown. The
condition is something that responds to as_sql(compiler, connection)
method.
Note that currently referring both the 'alias' and 'related_alias'
will not work in some conditions, like subquery pushdown.
A parallel method is get_extra_descriptor_filter() which is used in
instance.fieldname related object fetching.
"""
return None
def get_path_info(self):
"""
Get path from this field to the related model.
"""
opts = self.remote_field.model._meta
from_opts = self.model._meta
return [PathInfo(from_opts, opts, self.foreign_related_fields, self, False, True)]
def get_reverse_path_info(self):
"""
Get path from the related model to this field's model.
"""
opts = self.model._meta
from_opts = self.remote_field.model._meta
pathinfos = [PathInfo(from_opts, opts, (opts.pk,), self.remote_field, not self.unique, False)]
return pathinfos
def get_lookup(self, lookup_name):
if lookup_name == 'in':
return RelatedIn
elif lookup_name == 'exact':
return RelatedExact
elif lookup_name == 'gt':
return RelatedGreaterThan
elif lookup_name == 'gte':
return RelatedGreaterThanOrEqual
elif lookup_name == 'lt':
return RelatedLessThan
elif lookup_name == 'lte':
return RelatedLessThanOrEqual
elif lookup_name == 'isnull':
return RelatedIsNull
else:
raise TypeError('Related Field got invalid lookup: %s' % lookup_name)
def get_transform(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise NotImplementedError('Relational fields do not support transforms.')
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, private_only=False, **kwargs):
super(ForeignObject, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name, private_only=private_only, **kwargs)
setattr(cls, self.name, self.forward_related_accessor_class(self))
def contribute_to_related_class(self, cls, related):
# Internal FK's - i.e., those with a related name ending with '+' -
# and swapped models don't get a related descriptor.
if not self.remote_field.is_hidden() and not related.related_model._meta.swapped:
setattr(cls._meta.concrete_model, related.get_accessor_name(), self.related_accessor_class(related))
# While 'limit_choices_to' might be a callable, simply pass
# it along for later - this is too early because it's still
# model load time.
if self.remote_field.limit_choices_to:
cls._meta.related_fkey_lookups.append(self.remote_field.limit_choices_to)
class ForeignKey(ForeignObject):
"""
Provide a many-to-one relation by adding a column to the local model
to hold the remote value.
By default ForeignKey will target the pk of the remote model but this
behavior can be changed by using the ``to_field`` argument.
"""
# Field flags
many_to_many = False
many_to_one = True
one_to_many = False
one_to_one = False
rel_class = ManyToOneRel
empty_strings_allowed = False
default_error_messages = {
'invalid': _('%(model)s instance with %(field)s %(value)r does not exist.')
}
description = _("Foreign Key (type determined by related field)")
def __init__(self, to, on_delete=None, related_name=None, related_query_name=None,
limit_choices_to=None, parent_link=False, to_field=None,
db_constraint=True, **kwargs):
try:
to._meta.model_name
except AttributeError:
assert isinstance(to, six.string_types), (
"%s(%r) is invalid. First parameter to ForeignKey must be "
"either a model, a model name, or the string %r" % (
self.__class__.__name__, to,
RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT,
)
)
else:
# For backwards compatibility purposes, we need to *try* and set
# the to_field during FK construction. It won't be guaranteed to
# be correct until contribute_to_class is called. Refs #12190.
to_field = to_field or (to._meta.pk and to._meta.pk.name)
if on_delete is None:
warnings.warn(
"on_delete will be a required arg for %s in Django 2.0. Set "
"it to models.CASCADE on models and in existing migrations "
"if you want to maintain the current default behavior. "
"See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/%s/ref/models/fields/"
"#django.db.models.ForeignKey.on_delete" % (
self.__class__.__name__,
get_docs_version(),
),
RemovedInDjango20Warning, 2)
on_delete = CASCADE
elif not callable(on_delete):
warnings.warn(
"The signature for {0} will change in Django 2.0. "
"Pass to_field='{1}' as a kwarg instead of as an arg.".format(
self.__class__.__name__,
on_delete,
),
RemovedInDjango20Warning, 2)
on_delete, to_field = to_field, on_delete
kwargs['rel'] = self.rel_class(
self, to, to_field,
related_name=related_name,
related_query_name=related_query_name,
limit_choices_to=limit_choices_to,
parent_link=parent_link,
on_delete=on_delete,
)
kwargs['db_index'] = kwargs.get('db_index', True)
super(ForeignKey, self).__init__(
to, on_delete, from_fields=['self'], to_fields=[to_field], **kwargs)
self.db_constraint = db_constraint
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(ForeignKey, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_on_delete())
errors.extend(self._check_unique())
return errors
def _check_on_delete(self):
on_delete = getattr(self.remote_field, 'on_delete', None)
if on_delete == SET_NULL and not self.null:
return [
checks.Error(
'Field specifies on_delete=SET_NULL, but cannot be null.',
hint='Set null=True argument on the field, or change the on_delete rule.',
obj=self,
id='fields.E320',
)
]
elif on_delete == SET_DEFAULT and not self.has_default():
return [
checks.Error(
'Field specifies on_delete=SET_DEFAULT, but has no default value.',
hint='Set a default value, or change the on_delete rule.',
obj=self,
id='fields.E321',
)
]
else:
return []
def _check_unique(self, **kwargs):
return [
checks.Warning(
'Setting unique=True on a ForeignKey has the same effect as using a OneToOneField.',
hint='ForeignKey(unique=True) is usually better served by a OneToOneField.',
obj=self,
id='fields.W342',
)
] if self.unique else []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(ForeignKey, self).deconstruct()
del kwargs['to_fields']
del kwargs['from_fields']
# Handle the simpler arguments
if self.db_index:
del kwargs['db_index']
else:
kwargs['db_index'] = False
if self.db_constraint is not True:
kwargs['db_constraint'] = self.db_constraint
# Rel needs more work.
to_meta = getattr(self.remote_field.model, "_meta", None)
if self.remote_field.field_name and (
not to_meta or (to_meta.pk and self.remote_field.field_name != to_meta.pk.name)):
kwargs['to_field'] = self.remote_field.field_name
return name, path, args, kwargs
@property
def target_field(self):
return self.foreign_related_fields[0]
def get_reverse_path_info(self):
"""
Get path from the related model to this field's model.
"""
opts = self.model._meta
from_opts = self.remote_field.model._meta
pathinfos = [PathInfo(from_opts, opts, (opts.pk,), self.remote_field, not self.unique, False)]
return pathinfos
def validate(self, value, model_instance):
if self.remote_field.parent_link:
return
super(ForeignKey, self).validate(value, model_instance)
if value is None:
return
using = router.db_for_read(self.remote_field.model, instance=model_instance)
qs = self.remote_field.model._default_manager.using(using).filter(
**{self.remote_field.field_name: value}
)
qs = qs.complex_filter(self.get_limit_choices_to())
if not qs.exists():
raise exceptions.ValidationError(
self.error_messages['invalid'],
code='invalid',
params={
'model': self.remote_field.model._meta.verbose_name, 'pk': value,
'field': self.remote_field.field_name, 'value': value,
}, # 'pk' is included for backwards compatibility
)
def get_attname(self):
return '%s_id' % self.name
def get_attname_column(self):
attname = self.get_attname()
column = self.db_column or attname
return attname, column
def get_default(self):
"Here we check if the default value is an object and return the to_field if so."
field_default = super(ForeignKey, self).get_default()
if isinstance(field_default, self.remote_field.model):
return getattr(field_default, self.target_field.attname)
return field_default
def get_db_prep_save(self, value, connection):
if value is None or (value == '' and
(not self.target_field.empty_strings_allowed or
connection.features.interprets_empty_strings_as_nulls)):
return None
else:
return self.target_field.get_db_prep_save(value, connection=connection)
def get_db_prep_value(self, value, connection, prepared=False):
return self.target_field.get_db_prep_value(value, connection, prepared)
def contribute_to_related_class(self, cls, related):
super(ForeignKey, self).contribute_to_related_class(cls, related)
if self.remote_field.field_name is None:
self.remote_field.field_name = cls._meta.pk.name
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
db = kwargs.pop('using', None)
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
raise ValueError("Cannot create form field for %r yet, because "
"its related model %r has not been loaded yet" %
(self.name, self.remote_field.model))
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.ModelChoiceField,
'queryset': self.remote_field.model._default_manager.using(db),
'to_field_name': self.remote_field.field_name,
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
return super(ForeignKey, self).formfield(**defaults)
def db_check(self, connection):
return []
def db_type(self, connection):
return self.target_field.rel_db_type(connection=connection)
def db_parameters(self, connection):
return {"type": self.db_type(connection), "check": self.db_check(connection)}
def convert_empty_strings(self, value, expression, connection, context):
if (not value) and isinstance(value, six.string_types):
return None
return value
def get_db_converters(self, connection):
converters = super(ForeignKey, self).get_db_converters(connection)
if connection.features.interprets_empty_strings_as_nulls:
converters += [self.convert_empty_strings]
return converters
def get_col(self, alias, output_field=None):
return super(ForeignKey, self).get_col(alias, output_field or self.target_field)
class OneToOneField(ForeignKey):
"""
A OneToOneField is essentially the same as a ForeignKey, with the exception
that it always carries a "unique" constraint with it and the reverse
relation always returns the object pointed to (since there will only ever
be one), rather than returning a list.
"""
# Field flags
many_to_many = False
many_to_one = False
one_to_many = False
one_to_one = True
related_accessor_class = ReverseOneToOneDescriptor
forward_related_accessor_class = ForwardOneToOneDescriptor
rel_class = OneToOneRel
description = _("One-to-one relationship")
def __init__(self, to, on_delete=None, to_field=None, **kwargs):
kwargs['unique'] = True
if on_delete is None:
warnings.warn(
"on_delete will be a required arg for %s in Django 2.0. Set "
"it to models.CASCADE on models and in existing migrations "
"if you want to maintain the current default behavior. "
"See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/%s/ref/models/fields/"
"#django.db.models.ForeignKey.on_delete" % (
self.__class__.__name__,
get_docs_version(),
),
RemovedInDjango20Warning, 2)
on_delete = CASCADE
elif not callable(on_delete):
warnings.warn(
"The signature for {0} will change in Django 2.0. "
"Pass to_field='{1}' as a kwarg instead of as an arg.".format(
self.__class__.__name__,
on_delete,
),
RemovedInDjango20Warning, 2)
to_field = on_delete
on_delete = CASCADE # Avoid warning in superclass
super(OneToOneField, self).__init__(to, on_delete, to_field=to_field, **kwargs)
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(OneToOneField, self).deconstruct()
if "unique" in kwargs:
del kwargs['unique']
return name, path, args, kwargs
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
if self.remote_field.parent_link:
return None
return super(OneToOneField, self).formfield(**kwargs)
def save_form_data(self, instance, data):
if isinstance(data, self.remote_field.model):
setattr(instance, self.name, data)
else:
setattr(instance, self.attname, data)
def _check_unique(self, **kwargs):
# Override ForeignKey since check isn't applicable here.
return []
def create_many_to_many_intermediary_model(field, klass):
from django.db import models
def set_managed(model, related, through):
through._meta.managed = model._meta.managed or related._meta.managed
to_model = resolve_relation(klass, field.remote_field.model)
name = '%s_%s' % (klass._meta.object_name, field.name)
lazy_related_operation(set_managed, klass, to_model, name)
to = make_model_tuple(to_model)[1]
from_ = klass._meta.model_name
if to == from_:
to = 'to_%s' % to
from_ = 'from_%s' % from_
meta = type(str('Meta'), (object,), {
'db_table': field._get_m2m_db_table(klass._meta),
'auto_created': klass,
'app_label': klass._meta.app_label,
'db_tablespace': klass._meta.db_tablespace,
'unique_together': (from_, to),
'verbose_name': _('%(from)s-%(to)s relationship') % {'from': from_, 'to': to},
'verbose_name_plural': _('%(from)s-%(to)s relationships') % {'from': from_, 'to': to},
'apps': field.model._meta.apps,
})
# Construct and return the new class.
return type(str(name), (models.Model,), {
'Meta': meta,
'__module__': klass.__module__,
from_: models.ForeignKey(
klass,
related_name='%s+' % name,
db_tablespace=field.db_tablespace,
db_constraint=field.remote_field.db_constraint,
on_delete=CASCADE,
),
to: models.ForeignKey(
to_model,
related_name='%s+' % name,
db_tablespace=field.db_tablespace,
db_constraint=field.remote_field.db_constraint,
on_delete=CASCADE,
)
})
class ManyToManyField(RelatedField):
"""
Provide a many-to-many relation by using an intermediary model that
holds two ForeignKey fields pointed at the two sides of the relation.
Unless a ``through`` model was provided, ManyToManyField will use the
create_many_to_many_intermediary_model factory to automatically generate
the intermediary model.
"""
# Field flags
many_to_many = True
many_to_one = False
one_to_many = False
one_to_one = False
rel_class = ManyToManyRel
description = _("Many-to-many relationship")
def __init__(self, to, related_name=None, related_query_name=None,
limit_choices_to=None, symmetrical=None, through=None,
through_fields=None, db_constraint=True, db_table=None,
swappable=True, **kwargs):
try:
to._meta
except AttributeError:
assert isinstance(to, six.string_types), (
"%s(%r) is invalid. First parameter to ManyToManyField must be "
"either a model, a model name, or the string %r" %
(self.__class__.__name__, to, RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT)
)
# Class names must be ASCII in Python 2.x, so we forcibly coerce it
# here to break early if there's a problem.
to = str(to)
if symmetrical is None:
symmetrical = (to == RECURSIVE_RELATIONSHIP_CONSTANT)
if through is not None:
assert db_table is None, (
"Cannot specify a db_table if an intermediary model is used."
)
kwargs['rel'] = self.rel_class(
self, to,
related_name=related_name,
related_query_name=related_query_name,
limit_choices_to=limit_choices_to,
symmetrical=symmetrical,
through=through,
through_fields=through_fields,
db_constraint=db_constraint,
)
self.has_null_arg = 'null' in kwargs
super(ManyToManyField, self).__init__(**kwargs)
self.db_table = db_table
self.swappable = swappable
def check(self, **kwargs):
errors = super(ManyToManyField, self).check(**kwargs)
errors.extend(self._check_unique(**kwargs))
errors.extend(self._check_relationship_model(**kwargs))
errors.extend(self._check_ignored_options(**kwargs))
errors.extend(self._check_table_uniqueness(**kwargs))
return errors
def _check_unique(self, **kwargs):
if self.unique:
return [
checks.Error(
'ManyToManyFields cannot be unique.',
obj=self,
id='fields.E330',
)
]
return []
def _check_ignored_options(self, **kwargs):
warnings = []
if self.has_null_arg:
warnings.append(
checks.Warning(
'null has no effect on ManyToManyField.',
obj=self,
id='fields.W340',
)
)
if len(self._validators) > 0:
warnings.append(
checks.Warning(
'ManyToManyField does not support validators.',
obj=self,
id='fields.W341',
)
)
return warnings
def _check_relationship_model(self, from_model=None, **kwargs):
if hasattr(self.remote_field.through, '_meta'):
qualified_model_name = "%s.%s" % (
self.remote_field.through._meta.app_label, self.remote_field.through.__name__)
else:
qualified_model_name = self.remote_field.through
errors = []
if self.remote_field.through not in self.opts.apps.get_models(include_auto_created=True):
# The relationship model is not installed.
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Field specifies a many-to-many relation through model "
"'%s', which has not been installed." % qualified_model_name,
obj=self,
id='fields.E331',
)
)
else:
assert from_model is not None, (
"ManyToManyField with intermediate "
"tables cannot be checked if you don't pass the model "
"where the field is attached to."
)
# Set some useful local variables
to_model = resolve_relation(from_model, self.remote_field.model)
from_model_name = from_model._meta.object_name
if isinstance(to_model, six.string_types):
to_model_name = to_model
else:
to_model_name = to_model._meta.object_name
relationship_model_name = self.remote_field.through._meta.object_name
self_referential = from_model == to_model
# Check symmetrical attribute.
if (self_referential and self.remote_field.symmetrical and
not self.remote_field.through._meta.auto_created):
errors.append(
checks.Error(
'Many-to-many fields with intermediate tables must not be symmetrical.',
obj=self,
id='fields.E332',
)
)
# Count foreign keys in intermediate model
if self_referential:
seen_self = sum(
from_model == getattr(field.remote_field, 'model', None)
for field in self.remote_field.through._meta.fields
)
if seen_self > 2 and not self.remote_field.through_fields:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"The model is used as an intermediate model by "
"'%s', but it has more than two foreign keys "
"to '%s', which is ambiguous. You must specify "
"which two foreign keys Django should use via the "
"through_fields keyword argument." % (self, from_model_name),
hint="Use through_fields to specify which two foreign keys Django should use.",
obj=self.remote_field.through,
id='fields.E333',
)
)
else:
# Count foreign keys in relationship model
seen_from = sum(
from_model == getattr(field.remote_field, 'model', None)
for field in self.remote_field.through._meta.fields
)
seen_to = sum(
to_model == getattr(field.remote_field, 'model', None)
for field in self.remote_field.through._meta.fields
)
if seen_from > 1 and not self.remote_field.through_fields:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
("The model is used as an intermediate model by "
"'%s', but it has more than one foreign key "
"from '%s', which is ambiguous. You must specify "
"which foreign key Django should use via the "
"through_fields keyword argument.") % (self, from_model_name),
hint=(
'If you want to create a recursive relationship, '
'use ForeignKey("self", symmetrical=False, through="%s").'
) % relationship_model_name,
obj=self,
id='fields.E334',
)
)
if seen_to > 1 and not self.remote_field.through_fields:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"The model is used as an intermediate model by "
"'%s', but it has more than one foreign key "
"to '%s', which is ambiguous. You must specify "
"which foreign key Django should use via the "
"through_fields keyword argument." % (self, to_model_name),
hint=(
'If you want to create a recursive relationship, '
'use ForeignKey("self", symmetrical=False, through="%s").'
) % relationship_model_name,
obj=self,
id='fields.E335',
)
)
if seen_from == 0 or seen_to == 0:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"The model is used as an intermediate model by "
"'%s', but it does not have a foreign key to '%s' or '%s'." % (
self, from_model_name, to_model_name
),
obj=self.remote_field.through,
id='fields.E336',
)
)
# Validate `through_fields`.
if self.remote_field.through_fields is not None:
# Validate that we're given an iterable of at least two items
# and that none of them is "falsy".
if not (len(self.remote_field.through_fields) >= 2 and
self.remote_field.through_fields[0] and self.remote_field.through_fields[1]):
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"Field specifies 'through_fields' but does not provide "
"the names of the two link fields that should be used "
"for the relation through model '%s'." % qualified_model_name,
hint="Make sure you specify 'through_fields' as through_fields=('field1', 'field2')",
obj=self,
id='fields.E337',
)
)
# Validate the given through fields -- they should be actual
# fields on the through model, and also be foreign keys to the
# expected models.
else:
assert from_model is not None, (
"ManyToManyField with intermediate "
"tables cannot be checked if you don't pass the model "
"where the field is attached to."
)
source, through, target = from_model, self.remote_field.through, self.remote_field.model
source_field_name, target_field_name = self.remote_field.through_fields[:2]
for field_name, related_model in ((source_field_name, source),
(target_field_name, target)):
possible_field_names = []
for f in through._meta.fields:
if hasattr(f, 'remote_field') and getattr(f.remote_field, 'model', None) == related_model:
possible_field_names.append(f.name)
if possible_field_names:
hint = "Did you mean one of the following foreign keys to '%s': %s?" % (
related_model._meta.object_name,
', '.join(possible_field_names),
)
else:
hint = None
try:
field = through._meta.get_field(field_name)
except exceptions.FieldDoesNotExist:
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"The intermediary model '%s' has no field '%s'."
% (qualified_model_name, field_name),
hint=hint,
obj=self,
id='fields.E338',
)
)
else:
if not (hasattr(field, 'remote_field') and
getattr(field.remote_field, 'model', None) == related_model):
errors.append(
checks.Error(
"'%s.%s' is not a foreign key to '%s'." % (
through._meta.object_name, field_name,
related_model._meta.object_name,
),
hint=hint,
obj=self,
id='fields.E339',
)
)
return errors
def _check_table_uniqueness(self, **kwargs):
if isinstance(self.remote_field.through, six.string_types):
return []
registered_tables = {
model._meta.db_table: model
for model in self.opts.apps.get_models(include_auto_created=True)
if model != self.remote_field.through
}
m2m_db_table = self.m2m_db_table()
if m2m_db_table in registered_tables:
model = registered_tables[m2m_db_table]
if model._meta.auto_created:
def _get_field_name(model):
for field in model._meta.auto_created._meta.many_to_many:
if field.remote_field.through is model:
return field.name
opts = model._meta.auto_created._meta
clashing_obj = '%s.%s' % (opts.label, _get_field_name(model))
else:
clashing_obj = '%s' % model._meta.label
return [
checks.Error(
"The field's intermediary table '%s' clashes with the "
"table name of '%s'." % (m2m_db_table, clashing_obj),
obj=self,
id='fields.E340',
)
]
return []
def deconstruct(self):
name, path, args, kwargs = super(ManyToManyField, self).deconstruct()
# Handle the simpler arguments.
if self.db_table is not None:
kwargs['db_table'] = self.db_table
if self.remote_field.db_constraint is not True:
kwargs['db_constraint'] = self.remote_field.db_constraint
if self.remote_field.related_name is not None:
kwargs['related_name'] = self.remote_field.related_name
if self.remote_field.related_query_name is not None:
kwargs['related_query_name'] = self.remote_field.related_query_name
# Rel needs more work.
if isinstance(self.remote_field.model, six.string_types):
kwargs['to'] = self.remote_field.model
else:
kwargs['to'] = "%s.%s" % (
self.remote_field.model._meta.app_label,
self.remote_field.model._meta.object_name,
)
if getattr(self.remote_field, 'through', None) is not None:
if isinstance(self.remote_field.through, six.string_types):
kwargs['through'] = self.remote_field.through
elif not self.remote_field.through._meta.auto_created:
kwargs['through'] = "%s.%s" % (
self.remote_field.through._meta.app_label,
self.remote_field.through._meta.object_name,
)
# If swappable is True, then see if we're actually pointing to the target
# of a swap.
swappable_setting = self.swappable_setting
if swappable_setting is not None:
# If it's already a settings reference, error.
if hasattr(kwargs['to'], "setting_name"):
if kwargs['to'].setting_name != swappable_setting:
raise ValueError(
"Cannot deconstruct a ManyToManyField pointing to a "
"model that is swapped in place of more than one model "
"(%s and %s)" % (kwargs['to'].setting_name, swappable_setting)
)
from django.db.migrations.writer import SettingsReference
kwargs['to'] = SettingsReference(
kwargs['to'],
swappable_setting,
)
return name, path, args, kwargs
def _get_path_info(self, direct=False):
"""
Called by both direct and indirect m2m traversal.
"""
pathinfos = []
int_model = self.remote_field.through
linkfield1 = int_model._meta.get_field(self.m2m_field_name())
linkfield2 = int_model._meta.get_field(self.m2m_reverse_field_name())
if direct:
join1infos = linkfield1.get_reverse_path_info()
join2infos = linkfield2.get_path_info()
else:
join1infos = linkfield2.get_reverse_path_info()
join2infos = linkfield1.get_path_info()
pathinfos.extend(join1infos)
pathinfos.extend(join2infos)
return pathinfos
def get_path_info(self):
return self._get_path_info(direct=True)
def get_reverse_path_info(self):
return self._get_path_info(direct=False)
def _get_m2m_db_table(self, opts):
"""
Function that can be curried to provide the m2m table name for this
relation.
"""
if self.remote_field.through is not None:
return self.remote_field.through._meta.db_table
elif self.db_table:
return self.db_table
else:
return utils.truncate_name('%s_%s' % (opts.db_table, self.name), connection.ops.max_name_length())
def _get_m2m_attr(self, related, attr):
"""
Function that can be curried to provide the source accessor or DB
column name for the m2m table.
"""
cache_attr = '_m2m_%s_cache' % attr
if hasattr(self, cache_attr):
return getattr(self, cache_attr)
if self.remote_field.through_fields is not None:
link_field_name = self.remote_field.through_fields[0]
else:
link_field_name = None
for f in self.remote_field.through._meta.fields:
if (f.is_relation and f.remote_field.model == related.related_model and
(link_field_name is None or link_field_name == f.name)):
setattr(self, cache_attr, getattr(f, attr))
return getattr(self, cache_attr)
def _get_m2m_reverse_attr(self, related, attr):
"""
Function that can be curried to provide the related accessor or DB
column name for the m2m table.
"""
cache_attr = '_m2m_reverse_%s_cache' % attr
if hasattr(self, cache_attr):
return getattr(self, cache_attr)
found = False
if self.remote_field.through_fields is not None:
link_field_name = self.remote_field.through_fields[1]
else:
link_field_name = None
for f in self.remote_field.through._meta.fields:
if f.is_relation and f.remote_field.model == related.model:
if link_field_name is None and related.related_model == related.model:
# If this is an m2m-intermediate to self,
# the first foreign key you find will be
# the source column. Keep searching for
# the second foreign key.
if found:
setattr(self, cache_attr, getattr(f, attr))
break
else:
found = True
elif link_field_name is None or link_field_name == f.name:
setattr(self, cache_attr, getattr(f, attr))
break
return getattr(self, cache_attr)
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name, **kwargs):
# To support multiple relations to self, it's useful to have a non-None
# related name on symmetrical relations for internal reasons. The
# concept doesn't make a lot of sense externally ("you want me to
# specify *what* on my non-reversible relation?!"), so we set it up
# automatically. The funky name reduces the chance of an accidental
# clash.
if self.remote_field.symmetrical and (
self.remote_field.model == "self" or self.remote_field.model == cls._meta.object_name):
self.remote_field.related_name = "%s_rel_+" % name
elif self.remote_field.is_hidden():
# If the backwards relation is disabled, replace the original
# related_name with one generated from the m2m field name. Django
# still uses backwards relations internally and we need to avoid
# clashes between multiple m2m fields with related_name == '+'.
self.remote_field.related_name = "_%s_%s_+" % (cls.__name__.lower(), name)
super(ManyToManyField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name, **kwargs)
# The intermediate m2m model is not auto created if:
# 1) There is a manually specified intermediate, or
# 2) The class owning the m2m field is abstract.
# 3) The class owning the m2m field has been swapped out.
if not cls._meta.abstract:
if self.remote_field.through:
def resolve_through_model(_, model, field):
field.remote_field.through = model
lazy_related_operation(resolve_through_model, cls, self.remote_field.through, field=self)
elif not cls._meta.swapped:
self.remote_field.through = create_many_to_many_intermediary_model(self, cls)
# Add the descriptor for the m2m relation.
setattr(cls, self.name, ManyToManyDescriptor(self.remote_field, reverse=False))
# Set up the accessor for the m2m table name for the relation.
self.m2m_db_table = curry(self._get_m2m_db_table, cls._meta)
def contribute_to_related_class(self, cls, related):
# Internal M2Ms (i.e., those with a related name ending with '+')
# and swapped models don't get a related descriptor.
if not self.remote_field.is_hidden() and not related.related_model._meta.swapped:
setattr(cls, related.get_accessor_name(), ManyToManyDescriptor(self.remote_field, reverse=True))
# Set up the accessors for the column names on the m2m table.
self.m2m_column_name = curry(self._get_m2m_attr, related, 'column')
self.m2m_reverse_name = curry(self._get_m2m_reverse_attr, related, 'column')
self.m2m_field_name = curry(self._get_m2m_attr, related, 'name')
self.m2m_reverse_field_name = curry(self._get_m2m_reverse_attr, related, 'name')
get_m2m_rel = curry(self._get_m2m_attr, related, 'remote_field')
self.m2m_target_field_name = lambda: get_m2m_rel().field_name
get_m2m_reverse_rel = curry(self._get_m2m_reverse_attr, related, 'remote_field')
self.m2m_reverse_target_field_name = lambda: get_m2m_reverse_rel().field_name
def set_attributes_from_rel(self):
pass
def value_from_object(self, obj):
"""
Return the value of this field in the given model instance.
"""
if obj.pk is None:
return []
qs = getattr(obj, self.attname).all()
if qs._result_cache is not None:
return [item.pk for item in qs]
return list(qs.values_list('pk', flat=True))
def save_form_data(self, instance, data):
getattr(instance, self.attname).set(data)
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
db = kwargs.pop('using', None)
defaults = {
'form_class': forms.ModelMultipleChoiceField,
'queryset': self.remote_field.model._default_manager.using(db),
}
defaults.update(kwargs)
# If initial is passed in, it's a list of related objects, but the
# MultipleChoiceField takes a list of IDs.
if defaults.get('initial') is not None:
initial = defaults['initial']
if callable(initial):
initial = initial()
defaults['initial'] = [i._get_pk_val() for i in initial]
return super(ManyToManyField, self).formfield(**defaults)
def db_check(self, connection):
return None
def db_type(self, connection):
# A ManyToManyField is not represented by a single column,
# so return None.
return None
def db_parameters(self, connection):
return {"type": None, "check": None}
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