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from __future__ import unicode_literals
from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError
from django.forms import Form
from django.forms.fields import BooleanField, IntegerField
from django.forms.utils import ErrorList
from django.forms.widgets import HiddenInput
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.encoding import python_2_unicode_compatible
from django.utils.functional import cached_property
from django.utils.html import html_safe
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.utils.six.moves import range
from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _, ungettext
__all__ = ('BaseFormSet', 'formset_factory', 'all_valid')
# special field names
# default minimum number of forms in a formset
# default maximum number of forms in a formset, to prevent memory exhaustion
class ManagementForm(Form):
``ManagementForm`` is used to keep track of how many form instances
are displayed on the page. If adding new forms via javascript, you should
increment the count field of this form as well.
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
self.base_fields[TOTAL_FORM_COUNT] = IntegerField(widget=HiddenInput)
self.base_fields[INITIAL_FORM_COUNT] = IntegerField(widget=HiddenInput)
# MIN_NUM_FORM_COUNT and MAX_NUM_FORM_COUNT are output with the rest of
# the management form, but only for the convenience of client-side
# code. The POST value of them returned from the client is not checked.
self.base_fields[MIN_NUM_FORM_COUNT] = IntegerField(required=False, widget=HiddenInput)
self.base_fields[MAX_NUM_FORM_COUNT] = IntegerField(required=False, widget=HiddenInput)
super(ManagementForm, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
class BaseFormSet(object):
A collection of instances of the same Form class.
def __init__(self, data=None, files=None, auto_id='id_%s', prefix=None,
initial=None, error_class=ErrorList, form_kwargs=None):
self.is_bound = data is not None or files is not None
self.prefix = prefix or self.get_default_prefix()
self.auto_id = auto_id = data or {}
self.files = files or {}
self.initial = initial
self.form_kwargs = form_kwargs or {}
self.error_class = error_class
self._errors = None
self._non_form_errors = None
def __str__(self):
return self.as_table()
def __iter__(self):
"""Yields the forms in the order they should be rendered"""
return iter(self.forms)
def __getitem__(self, index):
"""Returns the form at the given index, based on the rendering order"""
return self.forms[index]
def __len__(self):
return len(self.forms)
def __bool__(self):
"""All formsets have a management form which is not included in the length"""
return True
def __nonzero__(self): # Python 2 compatibility
return type(self).__bool__(self)
def management_form(self):
"""Returns the ManagementForm instance for this FormSet."""
if self.is_bound:
form = ManagementForm(, auto_id=self.auto_id, prefix=self.prefix)
if not form.is_valid():
raise ValidationError(
_('ManagementForm data is missing or has been tampered with'),
form = ManagementForm(auto_id=self.auto_id, prefix=self.prefix, initial={
TOTAL_FORM_COUNT: self.total_form_count(),
INITIAL_FORM_COUNT: self.initial_form_count(),
MIN_NUM_FORM_COUNT: self.min_num,
MAX_NUM_FORM_COUNT: self.max_num
return form
def total_form_count(self):
"""Returns the total number of forms in this FormSet."""
if self.is_bound:
# return absolute_max if it is lower than the actual total form
# count in the data; this is DoS protection to prevent clients
# from forcing the server to instantiate arbitrary numbers of
# forms
return min(self.management_form.cleaned_data[TOTAL_FORM_COUNT], self.absolute_max)
initial_forms = self.initial_form_count()
total_forms = max(initial_forms, self.min_num) + self.extra
# Allow all existing related objects/inlines to be displayed,
# but don't allow extra beyond max_num.
if initial_forms > self.max_num >= 0:
total_forms = initial_forms
elif total_forms > self.max_num >= 0:
total_forms = self.max_num
return total_forms
def initial_form_count(self):
"""Returns the number of forms that are required in this FormSet."""
if self.is_bound:
return self.management_form.cleaned_data[INITIAL_FORM_COUNT]
# Use the length of the initial data if it's there, 0 otherwise.
initial_forms = len(self.initial) if self.initial else 0
return initial_forms
def forms(self):
Instantiate forms at first property access.
# DoS protection is included in total_form_count()
forms = [self._construct_form(i, **self.get_form_kwargs(i))
for i in range(self.total_form_count())]
return forms
def get_form_kwargs(self, index):
Return additional keyword arguments for each individual formset form.
index will be None if the form being constructed is a new empty
return self.form_kwargs.copy()
def _construct_form(self, i, **kwargs):
Instantiates and returns the i-th form instance in a formset.
defaults = {
'auto_id': self.auto_id,
'prefix': self.add_prefix(i),
'error_class': self.error_class,
if self.is_bound:
defaults['data'] =
defaults['files'] = self.files
if self.initial and 'initial' not in kwargs:
defaults['initial'] = self.initial[i]
except IndexError:
# Allow extra forms to be empty, unless they're part of
# the minimum forms.
if i >= self.initial_form_count() and i >= self.min_num:
defaults['empty_permitted'] = True
form = self.form(**defaults)
self.add_fields(form, i)
return form
def initial_forms(self):
"""Return a list of all the initial forms in this formset."""
return self.forms[:self.initial_form_count()]
def extra_forms(self):
"""Return a list of all the extra forms in this formset."""
return self.forms[self.initial_form_count():]
def empty_form(self):
form = self.form(
self.add_fields(form, None)
return form
def cleaned_data(self):
Returns a list of form.cleaned_data dicts for every form in self.forms.
if not self.is_valid():
raise AttributeError("'%s' object has no attribute 'cleaned_data'" % self.__class__.__name__)
return [form.cleaned_data for form in self.forms]
def deleted_forms(self):
Returns a list of forms that have been marked for deletion.
if not self.is_valid() or not self.can_delete:
return []
# construct _deleted_form_indexes which is just a list of form indexes
# that have had their deletion widget set to True
if not hasattr(self, '_deleted_form_indexes'):
self._deleted_form_indexes = []
for i in range(0, self.total_form_count()):
form = self.forms[i]
# if this is an extra form and hasn't changed, don't consider it
if i >= self.initial_form_count() and not form.has_changed():
if self._should_delete_form(form):
return [self.forms[i] for i in self._deleted_form_indexes]
def ordered_forms(self):
Returns a list of form in the order specified by the incoming data.
Raises an AttributeError if ordering is not allowed.
if not self.is_valid() or not self.can_order:
raise AttributeError("'%s' object has no attribute 'ordered_forms'" % self.__class__.__name__)
# Construct _ordering, which is a list of (form_index, order_field_value)
# tuples. After constructing this list, we'll sort it by order_field_value
# so we have a way to get to the form indexes in the order specified
# by the form data.
if not hasattr(self, '_ordering'):
self._ordering = []
for i in range(0, self.total_form_count()):
form = self.forms[i]
# if this is an extra form and hasn't changed, don't consider it
if i >= self.initial_form_count() and not form.has_changed():
# don't add data marked for deletion to self.ordered_data
if self.can_delete and self._should_delete_form(form):
self._ordering.append((i, form.cleaned_data[ORDERING_FIELD_NAME]))
# After we're done populating self._ordering, sort it.
# A sort function to order things numerically ascending, but
# None should be sorted below anything else. Allowing None as
# a comparison value makes it so we can leave ordering fields
# blank.
def compare_ordering_key(k):
if k[1] is None:
return (1, 0) # +infinity, larger than any number
return (0, k[1])
# Return a list of form.cleaned_data dicts in the order specified by
# the form data.
return [self.forms[i[0]] for i in self._ordering]
def get_default_prefix(cls):
return 'form'
def non_form_errors(self):
Returns an ErrorList of errors that aren't associated with a particular
form -- i.e., from formset.clean(). Returns an empty ErrorList if there
are none.
if self._non_form_errors is None:
return self._non_form_errors
def errors(self):
Returns a list of form.errors for every form in self.forms.
if self._errors is None:
return self._errors
def total_error_count(self):
Returns the number of errors across all forms in the formset.
return len(self.non_form_errors()) +\
sum(len(form_errors) for form_errors in self.errors)
def _should_delete_form(self, form):
Returns whether or not the form was marked for deletion.
return form.cleaned_data.get(DELETION_FIELD_NAME, False)
def is_valid(self):
Returns True if every form in self.forms is valid.
if not self.is_bound:
return False
# We loop over every form.errors here rather than short circuiting on the
# first failure to make sure validation gets triggered for every form.
forms_valid = True
# This triggers a full clean.
for i in range(0, self.total_form_count()):
form = self.forms[i]
if self.can_delete:
if self._should_delete_form(form):
# This form is going to be deleted so any of its errors
# should not cause the entire formset to be invalid.
forms_valid &= form.is_valid()
return forms_valid and not self.non_form_errors()
def full_clean(self):
Cleans all of and populates self._errors and
self._errors = []
self._non_form_errors = self.error_class()
if not self.is_bound: # Stop further processing.
for i in range(0, self.total_form_count()):
form = self.forms[i]
if (self.validate_max and
self.total_form_count() - len(self.deleted_forms) > self.max_num) or \
self.management_form.cleaned_data[TOTAL_FORM_COUNT] > self.absolute_max:
raise ValidationError(ungettext(
"Please submit %d or fewer forms.",
"Please submit %d or fewer forms.", self.max_num) % self.max_num,
if (self.validate_min and
self.total_form_count() - len(self.deleted_forms) < self.min_num):
raise ValidationError(ungettext(
"Please submit %d or more forms.",
"Please submit %d or more forms.", self.min_num) % self.min_num,
# Give self.clean() a chance to do cross-form validation.
except ValidationError as e:
self._non_form_errors = self.error_class(e.error_list)
def clean(self):
Hook for doing any extra formset-wide cleaning after Form.clean() has
been called on every form. Any ValidationError raised by this method
will not be associated with a particular form; it will be accessible
via formset.non_form_errors()
def has_changed(self):
Returns true if data in any form differs from initial.
return any(form.has_changed() for form in self)
def add_fields(self, form, index):
"""A hook for adding extra fields on to each form instance."""
if self.can_order:
# Only pre-fill the ordering field for initial forms.
if index is not None and index < self.initial_form_count():
form.fields[ORDERING_FIELD_NAME] = IntegerField(label=_('Order'), initial=index + 1, required=False)
form.fields[ORDERING_FIELD_NAME] = IntegerField(label=_('Order'), required=False)
if self.can_delete:
form.fields[DELETION_FIELD_NAME] = BooleanField(label=_('Delete'), required=False)
def add_prefix(self, index):
return '%s-%s' % (self.prefix, index)
def is_multipart(self):
Returns True if the formset needs to be multipart, i.e. it
has FileInput. Otherwise, False.
if self.forms:
return self.forms[0].is_multipart()
return self.empty_form.is_multipart()
def media(self):
# All the forms on a FormSet are the same, so you only need to
# interrogate the first form for media.
if self.forms:
return self.forms[0].media
def as_table(self):
"Returns this formset rendered as HTML <tr>s -- excluding the <table></table>."
# XXX: there is no semantic division between forms here, there
# probably should be. It might make sense to render each form as a
# table row with each field as a td.
forms = ' '.join(form.as_table() for form in self)
return mark_safe('\n'.join([six.text_type(self.management_form), forms]))
def as_p(self):
"Returns this formset rendered as HTML <p>s."
forms = ' '.join(form.as_p() for form in self)
return mark_safe('\n'.join([six.text_type(self.management_form), forms]))
def as_ul(self):
"Returns this formset rendered as HTML <li>s."
forms = ' '.join(form.as_ul() for form in self)
return mark_safe('\n'.join([six.text_type(self.management_form), forms]))
def formset_factory(form, formset=BaseFormSet, extra=1, can_order=False,
can_delete=False, max_num=None, validate_max=False,
min_num=None, validate_min=False):
"""Return a FormSet for the given form class."""
if min_num is None:
if max_num is None:
# hard limit on forms instantiated, to prevent memory-exhaustion attacks
# limit is simply max_num + DEFAULT_MAX_NUM (which is 2*DEFAULT_MAX_NUM
# if max_num is None in the first place)
absolute_max = max_num + DEFAULT_MAX_NUM
attrs = {'form': form, 'extra': extra,
'can_order': can_order, 'can_delete': can_delete,
'min_num': min_num, 'max_num': max_num,
'absolute_max': absolute_max, 'validate_min': validate_min,
'validate_max': validate_max}
return type(form.__name__ + str('FormSet'), (formset,), attrs)
def all_valid(formsets):
"""Returns true if every formset in formsets is valid."""
valid = True
for formset in formsets:
if not formset.is_valid():
valid = False
return valid
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