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"""
PHP date() style date formatting
See http://www.php.net/date for format strings
Usage:
>>> import datetime
>>> d = datetime.datetime.now()
>>> df = DateFormat(d)
>>> print(df.format('jS F Y H:i'))
7th October 2003 11:39
>>>
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import calendar
import datetime
import re
import time
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.dates import (
MONTHS, MONTHS_3, MONTHS_ALT, MONTHS_AP, WEEKDAYS, WEEKDAYS_ABBR,
)
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.timezone import get_default_timezone, is_aware, is_naive
from django.utils.translation import ugettext as _
re_formatchars = re.compile(r'(?<!\\)([aAbBcdDeEfFgGhHiIjlLmMnNoOPrsStTUuwWyYzZ])')
re_escaped = re.compile(r'\\(.)')
class Formatter(object):
def format(self, formatstr):
pieces = []
for i, piece in enumerate(re_formatchars.split(force_text(formatstr))):
if i % 2:
pieces.append(force_text(getattr(self, piece)()))
elif piece:
pieces.append(re_escaped.sub(r'\1', piece))
return ''.join(pieces)
class TimeFormat(Formatter):
def __init__(self, obj):
self.data = obj
self.timezone = None
# We only support timezone when formatting datetime objects,
# not date objects (timezone information not appropriate),
# or time objects (against established django policy).
if isinstance(obj, datetime.datetime):
if is_naive(obj):
self.timezone = get_default_timezone()
else:
self.timezone = obj.tzinfo
def a(self):
"'a.m.' or 'p.m.'"
if self.data.hour > 11:
return _('p.m.')
return _('a.m.')
def A(self):
"'AM' or 'PM'"
if self.data.hour > 11:
return _('PM')
return _('AM')
def B(self):
"Swatch Internet time"
raise NotImplementedError('may be implemented in a future release')
def e(self):
"""
Timezone name.
If timezone information is not available, this method returns
an empty string.
"""
if not self.timezone:
return ""
try:
if hasattr(self.data, 'tzinfo') and self.data.tzinfo:
# Have to use tzinfo.tzname and not datetime.tzname
# because datatime.tzname does not expect Unicode
return self.data.tzinfo.tzname(self.data) or ""
except NotImplementedError:
pass
return ""
def f(self):
"""
Time, in 12-hour hours and minutes, with minutes left off if they're
zero.
Examples: '1', '1:30', '2:05', '2'
Proprietary extension.
"""
if self.data.minute == 0:
return self.g()
return '%s:%s' % (self.g(), self.i())
def g(self):
"Hour, 12-hour format without leading zeros; i.e. '1' to '12'"
if self.data.hour == 0:
return 12
if self.data.hour > 12:
return self.data.hour - 12
return self.data.hour
def G(self):
"Hour, 24-hour format without leading zeros; i.e. '0' to '23'"
return self.data.hour
def h(self):
"Hour, 12-hour format; i.e. '01' to '12'"
return '%02d' % self.g()
def H(self):
"Hour, 24-hour format; i.e. '00' to '23'"
return '%02d' % self.G()
def i(self):
"Minutes; i.e. '00' to '59'"
return '%02d' % self.data.minute
def O(self):
"""
Difference to Greenwich time in hours; e.g. '+0200', '-0430'.
If timezone information is not available, this method returns
an empty string.
"""
if not self.timezone:
return ""
seconds = self.Z()
sign = '-' if seconds < 0 else '+'
seconds = abs(seconds)
return "%s%02d%02d" % (sign, seconds // 3600, (seconds // 60) % 60)
def P(self):
"""
Time, in 12-hour hours, minutes and 'a.m.'/'p.m.', with minutes left off
if they're zero and the strings 'midnight' and 'noon' if appropriate.
Examples: '1 a.m.', '1:30 p.m.', 'midnight', 'noon', '12:30 p.m.'
Proprietary extension.
"""
if self.data.minute == 0 and self.data.hour == 0:
return _('midnight')
if self.data.minute == 0 and self.data.hour == 12:
return _('noon')
return '%s %s' % (self.f(), self.a())
def s(self):
"Seconds; i.e. '00' to '59'"
return '%02d' % self.data.second
def T(self):
"""
Time zone of this machine; e.g. 'EST' or 'MDT'.
If timezone information is not available, this method returns
an empty string.
"""
if not self.timezone:
return ""
name = self.timezone.tzname(self.data) if self.timezone else None
if name is None:
name = self.format('O')
return six.text_type(name)
def u(self):
"Microseconds; i.e. '000000' to '999999'"
return '%06d' % self.data.microsecond
def Z(self):
"""
Time zone offset in seconds (i.e. '-43200' to '43200'). The offset for
timezones west of UTC is always negative, and for those east of UTC is
always positive.
If timezone information is not available, this method returns
an empty string.
"""
if not self.timezone:
return ""
offset = self.timezone.utcoffset(self.data)
# `offset` is a datetime.timedelta. For negative values (to the west of
# UTC) only days can be negative (days=-1) and seconds are always
# positive. e.g. UTC-1 -> timedelta(days=-1, seconds=82800, microseconds=0)
# Positive offsets have days=0
return offset.days * 86400 + offset.seconds
class DateFormat(TimeFormat):
year_days = [None, 0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334]
def b(self):
"Month, textual, 3 letters, lowercase; e.g. 'jan'"
return MONTHS_3[self.data.month]
def c(self):
"""
ISO 8601 Format
Example : '2008-01-02T10:30:00.000123'
"""
return self.data.isoformat()
def d(self):
"Day of the month, 2 digits with leading zeros; i.e. '01' to '31'"
return '%02d' % self.data.day
def D(self):
"Day of the week, textual, 3 letters; e.g. 'Fri'"
return WEEKDAYS_ABBR[self.data.weekday()]
def E(self):
"Alternative month names as required by some locales. Proprietary extension."
return MONTHS_ALT[self.data.month]
def F(self):
"Month, textual, long; e.g. 'January'"
return MONTHS[self.data.month]
def I(self):
"'1' if Daylight Savings Time, '0' otherwise."
if self.timezone and self.timezone.dst(self.data):
return '1'
else:
return '0'
def j(self):
"Day of the month without leading zeros; i.e. '1' to '31'"
return self.data.day
def l(self):
"Day of the week, textual, long; e.g. 'Friday'"
return WEEKDAYS[self.data.weekday()]
def L(self):
"Boolean for whether it is a leap year; i.e. True or False"
return calendar.isleap(self.data.year)
def m(self):
"Month; i.e. '01' to '12'"
return '%02d' % self.data.month
def M(self):
"Month, textual, 3 letters; e.g. 'Jan'"
return MONTHS_3[self.data.month].title()
def n(self):
"Month without leading zeros; i.e. '1' to '12'"
return self.data.month
def N(self):
"Month abbreviation in Associated Press style. Proprietary extension."
return MONTHS_AP[self.data.month]
def o(self):
"ISO 8601 year number matching the ISO week number (W)"
return self.data.isocalendar()[0]
def r(self):
"RFC 2822 formatted date; e.g. 'Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200'"
return self.format('D, j M Y H:i:s O')
def S(self):
"English ordinal suffix for the day of the month, 2 characters; i.e. 'st', 'nd', 'rd' or 'th'"
if self.data.day in (11, 12, 13): # Special case
return 'th'
last = self.data.day % 10
if last == 1:
return 'st'
if last == 2:
return 'nd'
if last == 3:
return 'rd'
return 'th'
def t(self):
"Number of days in the given month; i.e. '28' to '31'"
return '%02d' % calendar.monthrange(self.data.year, self.data.month)[1]
def U(self):
"Seconds since the Unix epoch (January 1 1970 00:00:00 GMT)"
if isinstance(self.data, datetime.datetime) and is_aware(self.data):
return int(calendar.timegm(self.data.utctimetuple()))
else:
return int(time.mktime(self.data.timetuple()))
def w(self):
"Day of the week, numeric, i.e. '0' (Sunday) to '6' (Saturday)"
return (self.data.weekday() + 1) % 7
def W(self):
"ISO-8601 week number of year, weeks starting on Monday"
# Algorithm from http://www.personal.ecu.edu/mccartyr/ISOwdALG.txt
week_number = None
jan1_weekday = self.data.replace(month=1, day=1).weekday() + 1
weekday = self.data.weekday() + 1
day_of_year = self.z()
if day_of_year <= (8 - jan1_weekday) and jan1_weekday > 4:
if jan1_weekday == 5 or (jan1_weekday == 6 and calendar.isleap(self.data.year - 1)):
week_number = 53
else:
week_number = 52
else:
if calendar.isleap(self.data.year):
i = 366
else:
i = 365
if (i - day_of_year) < (4 - weekday):
week_number = 1
else:
j = day_of_year + (7 - weekday) + (jan1_weekday - 1)
week_number = j // 7
if jan1_weekday > 4:
week_number -= 1
return week_number
def y(self):
"Year, 2 digits; e.g. '99'"
return six.text_type(self.data.year)[2:]
def Y(self):
"Year, 4 digits; e.g. '1999'"
return self.data.year
def z(self):
"Day of the year; i.e. '0' to '365'"
doy = self.year_days[self.data.month] + self.data.day
if self.L() and self.data.month > 2:
doy += 1
return doy
def format(value, format_string):
"Convenience function"
df = DateFormat(value)
return df.format(format_string)
def time_format(value, format_string):
"Convenience function"
tf = TimeFormat(value)
return tf.format(format_string)
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