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"""
Timezone-related classes and functions.
"""
import functools
from contextlib import ContextDecorator
from datetime import datetime, timedelta, tzinfo
from threading import local
import pytz
from django.conf import settings
__all__ = [
'utc', 'get_fixed_timezone',
'get_default_timezone', 'get_default_timezone_name',
'get_current_timezone', 'get_current_timezone_name',
'activate', 'deactivate', 'override',
'localtime', 'now',
'is_aware', 'is_naive', 'make_aware', 'make_naive',
]
# UTC and local time zones
ZERO = timedelta(0)
class FixedOffset(tzinfo):
"""
Fixed offset in minutes east from UTC. Taken from Python's docs.
Kept as close as possible to the reference version. __init__ was changed
to make its arguments optional, according to Python's requirement that
tzinfo subclasses can be instantiated without arguments.
"""
def __init__(self, offset=None, name=None):
if offset is not None:
self.__offset = timedelta(minutes=offset)
if name is not None:
self.__name = name
def utcoffset(self, dt):
return self.__offset
def tzname(self, dt):
return self.__name
def dst(self, dt):
return ZERO
# UTC time zone as a tzinfo instance.
utc = pytz.utc
def get_fixed_timezone(offset):
"""Return a tzinfo instance with a fixed offset from UTC."""
if isinstance(offset, timedelta):
offset = offset.seconds // 60
sign = '-' if offset < 0 else '+'
hhmm = '%02d%02d' % divmod(abs(offset), 60)
name = sign + hhmm
return FixedOffset(offset, name)
# In order to avoid accessing settings at compile time,
# wrap the logic in a function and cache the result.
@functools.lru_cache()
def get_default_timezone():
"""
Return the default time zone as a tzinfo instance.
This is the time zone defined by settings.TIME_ZONE.
"""
return pytz.timezone(settings.TIME_ZONE)
# This function exists for consistency with get_current_timezone_name
def get_default_timezone_name():
"""Return the name of the default time zone."""
return _get_timezone_name(get_default_timezone())
_active = local()
def get_current_timezone():
"""Return the currently active time zone as a tzinfo instance."""
return getattr(_active, "value", get_default_timezone())
def get_current_timezone_name():
"""Return the name of the currently active time zone."""
return _get_timezone_name(get_current_timezone())
def _get_timezone_name(timezone):
"""Return the name of ``timezone``."""
try:
# for pytz timezones
return timezone.zone
except AttributeError:
# for regular tzinfo objects
return timezone.tzname(None)
# Timezone selection functions.
# These functions don't change os.environ['TZ'] and call time.tzset()
# because it isn't thread safe.
def activate(timezone):
"""
Set the time zone for the current thread.
The ``timezone`` argument must be an instance of a tzinfo subclass or a
time zone name.
"""
if isinstance(timezone, tzinfo):
_active.value = timezone
elif isinstance(timezone, str):
_active.value = pytz.timezone(timezone)
else:
raise ValueError("Invalid timezone: %r" % timezone)
def deactivate():
"""
Unset the time zone for the current thread.
Django will then use the time zone defined by settings.TIME_ZONE.
"""
if hasattr(_active, "value"):
del _active.value
class override(ContextDecorator):
"""
Temporarily set the time zone for the current thread.
This is a context manager that uses django.utils.timezone.activate()
to set the timezone on entry and restores the previously active timezone
on exit.
The ``timezone`` argument must be an instance of a ``tzinfo`` subclass, a
time zone name, or ``None``. If it is ``None``, Django enables the default
time zone.
"""
def __init__(self, timezone):
self.timezone = timezone
def __enter__(self):
self.old_timezone = getattr(_active, 'value', None)
if self.timezone is None:
deactivate()
else:
activate(self.timezone)
def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback):
if self.old_timezone is None:
deactivate()
else:
_active.value = self.old_timezone
# Templates
def template_localtime(value, use_tz=None):
"""
Check if value is a datetime and converts it to local time if necessary.
If use_tz is provided and is not None, that will force the value to
be converted (or not), overriding the value of settings.USE_TZ.
This function is designed for use by the template engine.
"""
should_convert = (
isinstance(value, datetime) and
(settings.USE_TZ if use_tz is None else use_tz) and
not is_naive(value) and
getattr(value, 'convert_to_local_time', True)
)
return localtime(value) if should_convert else value
# Utilities
def localtime(value=None, timezone=None):
"""
Convert an aware datetime.datetime to local time.
Only aware datetimes are allowed. When value is omitted, it defaults to
now().
Local time is defined by the current time zone, unless another time zone
is specified.
"""
if value is None:
value = now()
if timezone is None:
timezone = get_current_timezone()
# Emulate the behavior of astimezone() on Python < 3.6.
if is_naive(value):
raise ValueError("localtime() cannot be applied to a naive datetime")
return value.astimezone(timezone)
def localdate(value=None, timezone=None):
"""
Convert an aware datetime to local time and return the value's date.
Only aware datetimes are allowed. When value is omitted, it defaults to
now().
Local time is defined by the current time zone, unless another time zone is
specified.
"""
return localtime(value, timezone).date()
def now():
"""
Return an aware or naive datetime.datetime, depending on settings.USE_TZ.
"""
if settings.USE_TZ:
# timeit shows that datetime.now(tz=utc) is 24% slower
return datetime.utcnow().replace(tzinfo=utc)
else:
return datetime.now()
# By design, these four functions don't perform any checks on their arguments.
# The caller should ensure that they don't receive an invalid value like None.
def is_aware(value):
"""
Determine if a given datetime.datetime is aware.
The concept is defined in Python's docs:
http://docs.python.org/library/datetime.html#datetime.tzinfo
Assuming value.tzinfo is either None or a proper datetime.tzinfo,
value.utcoffset() implements the appropriate logic.
"""
return value.utcoffset() is not None
def is_naive(value):
"""
Determine if a given datetime.datetime is naive.
The concept is defined in Python's docs:
http://docs.python.org/library/datetime.html#datetime.tzinfo
Assuming value.tzinfo is either None or a proper datetime.tzinfo,
value.utcoffset() implements the appropriate logic.
"""
return value.utcoffset() is None
def make_aware(value, timezone=None, is_dst=None):
"""Make a naive datetime.datetime in a given time zone aware."""
if timezone is None:
timezone = get_current_timezone()
if hasattr(timezone, 'localize'):
# This method is available for pytz time zones.
return timezone.localize(value, is_dst=is_dst)
else:
# Check that we won't overwrite the timezone of an aware datetime.
if is_aware(value):
raise ValueError(
"make_aware expects a naive datetime, got %s" % value)
# This may be wrong around DST changes!
return value.replace(tzinfo=timezone)
def make_naive(value, timezone=None):
"""Make an aware datetime.datetime naive in a given time zone."""
if timezone is None:
timezone = get_current_timezone()
# Emulate the behavior of astimezone() on Python < 3.6.
if is_naive(value):
raise ValueError("make_naive() cannot be applied to a naive datetime")
return value.astimezone(timezone).replace(tzinfo=None)