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import gettext as gettext_module
import importlib
import json
import os
from django import http
from django.apps import apps
from django.conf import settings
from django.core.urlresolvers import translate_url
from django.template import Context, Engine
from django.utils import six
from django.utils._os import upath
from django.utils.encoding import smart_text
from django.utils.formats import get_format, get_format_modules
from django.utils.http import is_safe_url
from django.utils.translation import (
LANGUAGE_SESSION_KEY, check_for_language, get_language, to_locale,
)
def set_language(request):
"""
Redirect to a given url while setting the chosen language in the
session or cookie. The url and the language code need to be
specified in the request parameters.
Since this view changes how the user will see the rest of the site, it must
only be accessed as a POST request. If called as a GET request, it will
redirect to the page in the request (the 'next' parameter) without changing
any state.
"""
next = request.POST.get('next', request.GET.get('next'))
if not is_safe_url(url=next, host=request.get_host()):
next = request.META.get('HTTP_REFERER')
if not is_safe_url(url=next, host=request.get_host()):
next = '/'
response = http.HttpResponseRedirect(next)
if request.method == 'POST':
lang_code = request.POST.get('language')
if lang_code and check_for_language(lang_code):
next_trans = translate_url(next, lang_code)
if next_trans != next:
response = http.HttpResponseRedirect(next_trans)
if hasattr(request, 'session'):
request.session[LANGUAGE_SESSION_KEY] = lang_code
else:
response.set_cookie(settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_NAME, lang_code,
max_age=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_AGE,
path=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_PATH,
domain=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_DOMAIN)
return response
def get_formats():
"""
Returns all formats strings required for i18n to work
"""
FORMAT_SETTINGS = (
'DATE_FORMAT', 'DATETIME_FORMAT', 'TIME_FORMAT',
'YEAR_MONTH_FORMAT', 'MONTH_DAY_FORMAT', 'SHORT_DATE_FORMAT',
'SHORT_DATETIME_FORMAT', 'FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK', 'DECIMAL_SEPARATOR',
'THOUSAND_SEPARATOR', 'NUMBER_GROUPING',
'DATE_INPUT_FORMATS', 'TIME_INPUT_FORMATS', 'DATETIME_INPUT_FORMATS'
)
result = {}
for module in [settings] + get_format_modules(reverse=True):
for attr in FORMAT_SETTINGS:
result[attr] = get_format(attr)
formats = {}
for k, v in result.items():
if isinstance(v, (six.string_types, int)):
formats[k] = smart_text(v)
elif isinstance(v, (tuple, list)):
formats[k] = [smart_text(value) for value in v]
return formats
js_catalog_template = r"""
{% autoescape off %}
(function(globals) {
var django = globals.django || (globals.django = {});
{% if plural %}
django.pluralidx = function(n) {
var v={{ plural }};
if (typeof(v) == 'boolean') {
return v ? 1 : 0;
} else {
return v;
}
};
{% else %}
django.pluralidx = function(count) { return (count == 1) ? 0 : 1; };
{% endif %}
/* gettext library */
django.catalog = django.catalog || {};
{% if catalog_str %}
var newcatalog = {{ catalog_str }};
for (var key in newcatalog) {
django.catalog[key] = newcatalog[key];
}
{% endif %}
if (!django.jsi18n_initialized) {
django.gettext = function(msgid) {
var value = django.catalog[msgid];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return msgid;
} else {
return (typeof(value) == 'string') ? value : value[0];
}
};
django.ngettext = function(singular, plural, count) {
var value = django.catalog[singular];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return (count == 1) ? singular : plural;
} else {
return value[django.pluralidx(count)];
}
};
django.gettext_noop = function(msgid) { return msgid; };
django.pgettext = function(context, msgid) {
var value = django.gettext(context + '\x04' + msgid);
if (value.indexOf('\x04') != -1) {
value = msgid;
}
return value;
};
django.npgettext = function(context, singular, plural, count) {
var value = django.ngettext(context + '\x04' + singular, context + '\x04' + plural, count);
if (value.indexOf('\x04') != -1) {
value = django.ngettext(singular, plural, count);
}
return value;
};
django.interpolate = function(fmt, obj, named) {
if (named) {
return fmt.replace(/%\(\w+\)s/g, function(match){return String(obj[match.slice(2,-2)])});
} else {
return fmt.replace(/%s/g, function(match){return String(obj.shift())});
}
};
/* formatting library */
django.formats = {{ formats_str }};
django.get_format = function(format_type) {
var value = django.formats[format_type];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return format_type;
} else {
return value;
}
};
/* add to global namespace */
globals.pluralidx = django.pluralidx;
globals.gettext = django.gettext;
globals.ngettext = django.ngettext;
globals.gettext_noop = django.gettext_noop;
globals.pgettext = django.pgettext;
globals.npgettext = django.npgettext;
globals.interpolate = django.interpolate;
globals.get_format = django.get_format;
django.jsi18n_initialized = true;
}
}(this));
{% endautoescape %}
"""
def render_javascript_catalog(catalog=None, plural=None):
template = Engine().from_string(js_catalog_template)
indent = lambda s: s.replace('\n', '\n ')
context = Context({
'catalog_str': indent(json.dumps(
catalog, sort_keys=True, indent=2)) if catalog else None,
'formats_str': indent(json.dumps(
get_formats(), sort_keys=True, indent=2)),
'plural': plural,
})
return http.HttpResponse(template.render(context), 'text/javascript')
def get_javascript_catalog(locale, domain, packages):
default_locale = to_locale(settings.LANGUAGE_CODE)
app_configs = apps.get_app_configs()
allowable_packages = set(app_config.name for app_config in app_configs)
allowable_packages.add('django.conf')
packages = [p for p in packages if p in allowable_packages]
t = {}
paths = []
en_selected = locale.startswith('en')
en_catalog_missing = True
# paths of requested packages
for package in packages:
p = importlib.import_module(package)
path = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(upath(p.__file__)), 'locale')
paths.append(path)
# add the filesystem paths listed in the LOCALE_PATHS setting
paths.extend(reversed(settings.LOCALE_PATHS))
# first load all english languages files for defaults
for path in paths:
try:
catalog = gettext_module.translation(domain, path, ['en'])
t.update(catalog._catalog)
except IOError:
pass
else:
# 'en' is the selected language and at least one of the packages
# listed in `packages` has an 'en' catalog
if en_selected:
en_catalog_missing = False
# next load the settings.LANGUAGE_CODE translations if it isn't english
if default_locale != 'en':
for path in paths:
try:
catalog = gettext_module.translation(domain, path, [default_locale])
except IOError:
catalog = None
if catalog is not None:
t.update(catalog._catalog)
# last load the currently selected language, if it isn't identical to the default.
if locale != default_locale:
# If the currently selected language is English but it doesn't have a
# translation catalog (presumably due to being the language translated
# from) then a wrong language catalog might have been loaded in the
# previous step. It needs to be discarded.
if en_selected and en_catalog_missing:
t = {}
else:
locale_t = {}
for path in paths:
try:
catalog = gettext_module.translation(domain, path, [locale])
except IOError:
catalog = None
if catalog is not None:
locale_t.update(catalog._catalog)
if locale_t:
t = locale_t
plural = None
if '' in t:
for l in t[''].split('\n'):
if l.startswith('Plural-Forms:'):
plural = l.split(':', 1)[1].strip()
if plural is not None:
# this should actually be a compiled function of a typical plural-form:
# Plural-Forms: nplurals=3; plural=n%10==1 && n%100!=11 ? 0 :
# n%10>=2 && n%10<=4 && (n%100<10 || n%100>=20) ? 1 : 2;
plural = [el.strip() for el in plural.split(';') if el.strip().startswith('plural=')][0].split('=', 1)[1]
pdict = {}
maxcnts = {}
catalog = {}
for k, v in t.items():
if k == '':
continue
if isinstance(k, six.string_types):
catalog[k] = v
elif isinstance(k, tuple):
msgid = k[0]
cnt = k[1]
maxcnts[msgid] = max(cnt, maxcnts.get(msgid, 0))
pdict.setdefault(msgid, {})[cnt] = v
else:
raise TypeError(k)
for k, v in pdict.items():
catalog[k] = [v.get(i, '') for i in range(maxcnts[msgid] + 1)]
return catalog, plural
def null_javascript_catalog(request, domain=None, packages=None):
"""
Returns "identity" versions of the JavaScript i18n functions -- i.e.,
versions that don't actually do anything.
"""
return render_javascript_catalog()
def javascript_catalog(request, domain='djangojs', packages=None):
"""
Returns the selected language catalog as a javascript library.
Receives the list of packages to check for translations in the
packages parameter either from an infodict or as a +-delimited
string from the request. Default is 'django.conf'.
Additionally you can override the gettext domain for this view,
but usually you don't want to do that, as JavaScript messages
go to the djangojs domain. But this might be needed if you
deliver your JavaScript source from Django templates.
"""
locale = to_locale(get_language())
if request.GET and 'language' in request.GET:
if check_for_language(request.GET['language']):
locale = to_locale(request.GET['language'])
if packages is None:
packages = ['django.conf']
if isinstance(packages, six.string_types):
packages = packages.split('+')
catalog, plural = get_javascript_catalog(locale, domain, packages)
return render_javascript_catalog(catalog, plural)
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