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import itertools
import json
import os
from urllib.parse import unquote
from django import http
from django.apps import apps
from django.conf import settings
from django.template import Context, Engine
from django.urls import translate_url
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.formats import get_format
from django.utils.http import is_safe_url
from django.utils.translation import (
LANGUAGE_SESSION_KEY, check_for_language, get_language,
)
from django.utils.translation.trans_real import DjangoTranslation
from django.views.generic import View
LANGUAGE_QUERY_PARAMETER = 'language'
def set_language(request):
"""
Redirect to a given url while setting the chosen language in the
session or cookie. The url and the language code need to be
specified in the request parameters.
Since this view changes how the user will see the rest of the site, it must
only be accessed as a POST request. If called as a GET request, it will
redirect to the page in the request (the 'next' parameter) without changing
any state.
"""
next = request.POST.get('next', request.GET.get('next'))
if ((next or not request.is_ajax()) and
not is_safe_url(url=next, allowed_hosts={request.get_host()}, require_https=request.is_secure())):
next = request.META.get('HTTP_REFERER')
if next:
next = unquote(next) # HTTP_REFERER may be encoded.
if not is_safe_url(url=next, allowed_hosts={request.get_host()}, require_https=request.is_secure()):
next = '/'
response = http.HttpResponseRedirect(next) if next else http.HttpResponse(status=204)
if request.method == 'POST':
lang_code = request.POST.get(LANGUAGE_QUERY_PARAMETER)
if lang_code and check_for_language(lang_code):
if next:
next_trans = translate_url(next, lang_code)
if next_trans != next:
response = http.HttpResponseRedirect(next_trans)
if hasattr(request, 'session'):
request.session[LANGUAGE_SESSION_KEY] = lang_code
else:
response.set_cookie(
settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_NAME, lang_code,
max_age=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_AGE,
path=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_PATH,
domain=settings.LANGUAGE_COOKIE_DOMAIN,
)
return response
def get_formats():
"""
Returns all formats strings required for i18n to work
"""
FORMAT_SETTINGS = (
'DATE_FORMAT', 'DATETIME_FORMAT', 'TIME_FORMAT',
'YEAR_MONTH_FORMAT', 'MONTH_DAY_FORMAT', 'SHORT_DATE_FORMAT',
'SHORT_DATETIME_FORMAT', 'FIRST_DAY_OF_WEEK', 'DECIMAL_SEPARATOR',
'THOUSAND_SEPARATOR', 'NUMBER_GROUPING',
'DATE_INPUT_FORMATS', 'TIME_INPUT_FORMATS', 'DATETIME_INPUT_FORMATS'
)
result = {}
for attr in FORMAT_SETTINGS:
result[attr] = get_format(attr)
formats = {}
for k, v in result.items():
if isinstance(v, (int, str)):
formats[k] = force_text(v)
elif isinstance(v, (tuple, list)):
formats[k] = [force_text(value) for value in v]
return formats
js_catalog_template = r"""
{% autoescape off %}
(function(globals) {
var django = globals.django || (globals.django = {});
{% if plural %}
django.pluralidx = function(n) {
var v={{ plural }};
if (typeof(v) == 'boolean') {
return v ? 1 : 0;
} else {
return v;
}
};
{% else %}
django.pluralidx = function(count) { return (count == 1) ? 0 : 1; };
{% endif %}
/* gettext library */
django.catalog = django.catalog || {};
{% if catalog_str %}
var newcatalog = {{ catalog_str }};
for (var key in newcatalog) {
django.catalog[key] = newcatalog[key];
}
{% endif %}
if (!django.jsi18n_initialized) {
django.gettext = function(msgid) {
var value = django.catalog[msgid];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return msgid;
} else {
return (typeof(value) == 'string') ? value : value[0];
}
};
django.ngettext = function(singular, plural, count) {
var value = django.catalog[singular];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return (count == 1) ? singular : plural;
} else {
return value[django.pluralidx(count)];
}
};
django.gettext_noop = function(msgid) { return msgid; };
django.pgettext = function(context, msgid) {
var value = django.gettext(context + '\x04' + msgid);
if (value.indexOf('\x04') != -1) {
value = msgid;
}
return value;
};
django.npgettext = function(context, singular, plural, count) {
var value = django.ngettext(context + '\x04' + singular, context + '\x04' + plural, count);
if (value.indexOf('\x04') != -1) {
value = django.ngettext(singular, plural, count);
}
return value;
};
django.interpolate = function(fmt, obj, named) {
if (named) {
return fmt.replace(/%\(\w+\)s/g, function(match){return String(obj[match.slice(2,-2)])});
} else {
return fmt.replace(/%s/g, function(match){return String(obj.shift())});
}
};
/* formatting library */
django.formats = {{ formats_str }};
django.get_format = function(format_type) {
var value = django.formats[format_type];
if (typeof(value) == 'undefined') {
return format_type;
} else {
return value;
}
};
/* add to global namespace */
globals.pluralidx = django.pluralidx;
globals.gettext = django.gettext;
globals.ngettext = django.ngettext;
globals.gettext_noop = django.gettext_noop;
globals.pgettext = django.pgettext;
globals.npgettext = django.npgettext;
globals.interpolate = django.interpolate;
globals.get_format = django.get_format;
django.jsi18n_initialized = true;
}
}(this));
{% endautoescape %}
"""
def render_javascript_catalog(catalog=None, plural=None):
template = Engine().from_string(js_catalog_template)
def indent(s):
return s.replace('\n', '\n ')
context = Context({
'catalog_str': indent(json.dumps(
catalog, sort_keys=True, indent=2)) if catalog else None,
'formats_str': indent(json.dumps(
get_formats(), sort_keys=True, indent=2)),
'plural': plural,
})
return http.HttpResponse(template.render(context), 'text/javascript')
def null_javascript_catalog(request, domain=None, packages=None):
"""
Returns "identity" versions of the JavaScript i18n functions -- i.e.,
versions that don't actually do anything.
"""
return render_javascript_catalog()
class JavaScriptCatalog(View):
"""
Return the selected language catalog as a JavaScript library.
Receives the list of packages to check for translations in the `packages`
kwarg either from the extra dictionary passed to the url() function or as a
plus-sign delimited string from the request. Default is 'django.conf'.
You can override the gettext domain for this view, but usually you don't
want to do that as JavaScript messages go to the djangojs domain. This
might be needed if you deliver your JavaScript source from Django templates.
"""
domain = 'djangojs'
packages = None
def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
locale = get_language()
domain = kwargs.get('domain', self.domain)
# If packages are not provided, default to all installed packages, as
# DjangoTranslation without localedirs harvests them all.
packages = kwargs.get('packages', '')
packages = packages.split('+') if packages else self.packages
paths = self.get_paths(packages) if packages else None
self.translation = DjangoTranslation(locale, domain=domain, localedirs=paths)
context = self.get_context_data(**kwargs)
return self.render_to_response(context)
def get_paths(self, packages):
allowable_packages = dict((app_config.name, app_config) for app_config in apps.get_app_configs())
app_configs = [allowable_packages[p] for p in packages if p in allowable_packages]
# paths of requested packages
return [os.path.join(app.path, 'locale') for app in app_configs]
def get_plural(self):
plural = None
if '' in self.translation._catalog:
for line in self.translation._catalog[''].split('\n'):
if line.startswith('Plural-Forms:'):
plural = line.split(':', 1)[1].strip()
if plural is not None:
# This should be a compiled function of a typical plural-form:
# Plural-Forms: nplurals=3; plural=n%10==1 && n%100!=11 ? 0 :
# n%10>=2 && n%10<=4 && (n%100<10 || n%100>=20) ? 1 : 2;
plural = [el.strip() for el in plural.split(';') if el.strip().startswith('plural=')][0].split('=', 1)[1]
return plural
def get_catalog(self):
pdict = {}
maxcnts = {}
catalog = {}
trans_cat = self.translation._catalog
trans_fallback_cat = self.translation._fallback._catalog if self.translation._fallback else {}
for key, value in itertools.chain(iter(trans_cat.items()), iter(trans_fallback_cat.items())):
if key == '' or key in catalog:
continue
if isinstance(key, str):
catalog[key] = value
elif isinstance(key, tuple):
msgid = key[0]
cnt = key[1]
maxcnts[msgid] = max(cnt, maxcnts.get(msgid, 0))
pdict.setdefault(msgid, {})[cnt] = value
else:
raise TypeError(key)
for k, v in pdict.items():
catalog[k] = [v.get(i, '') for i in range(maxcnts[k] + 1)]
return catalog
def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
return {
'catalog': self.get_catalog(),
'formats': get_formats(),
'plural': self.get_plural(),
}
def render_to_response(self, context, **response_kwargs):
def indent(s):
return s.replace('\n', '\n ')
template = Engine().from_string(js_catalog_template)
context['catalog_str'] = indent(
json.dumps(context['catalog'], sort_keys=True, indent=2)
) if context['catalog'] else None
context['formats_str'] = indent(json.dumps(context['formats'], sort_keys=True, indent=2))
return http.HttpResponse(template.render(Context(context)), 'text/javascript')
class JSONCatalog(JavaScriptCatalog):
"""
Return the selected language catalog as a JSON object.
Receives the same parameters as JavaScriptCatalog and returns a response
with a JSON object of the following format:
{
"catalog": {
# Translations catalog
},
"formats": {
# Language formats for date, time, etc.
},
"plural": '...' # Expression for plural forms, or null.
}
"""
def render_to_response(self, context, **response_kwargs):
return http.JsonResponse(context)