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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import copy
import datetime
import json
import uuid
from django.core.exceptions import NON_FIELD_ERRORS
from django.core.files.uploadedfile import SimpleUploadedFile
from django.core.validators import RegexValidator
from django.forms import (
BooleanField, CharField, CheckboxSelectMultiple, ChoiceField, DateField,
DateTimeField, EmailField, FileField, FloatField, Form, HiddenInput,
ImageField, IntegerField, MultipleChoiceField, MultipleHiddenInput,
MultiValueField, NullBooleanField, PasswordInput, RadioSelect, Select,
SplitDateTimeField, SplitHiddenDateTimeWidget, Textarea, TextInput,
TimeField, ValidationError, forms,
)
from django.forms.utils import ErrorList
from django.http import QueryDict
from django.template import Context, Template
from django.test import SimpleTestCase
from django.test.utils import str_prefix
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.datastructures import MultiValueDict
from django.utils.encoding import force_text, python_2_unicode_compatible
from django.utils.html import format_html
from django.utils.safestring import SafeData, mark_safe
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
class PersonNew(Form):
first_name = CharField(widget=TextInput(attrs={'id': 'first_name_id'}))
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
class MultiValueDictLike(dict):
def getlist(self, key):
return [self[key]]
class FormsTestCase(SimpleTestCase):
# A Form is a collection of Fields. It knows how to validate a set of data and it
# knows how to render itself in a couple of default ways (e.g., an HTML table).
# You can pass it data in __init__(), as a dictionary.
def test_form(self):
# Pass a dictionary to a Form's __init__().
p = Person({'first_name': 'John', 'last_name': 'Lennon', 'birthday': '1940-10-9'})
self.assertTrue(p.is_bound)
self.assertEqual(p.errors, {})
self.assertTrue(p.is_valid())
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.errors.as_ul(), '')
self.assertEqual(p.errors.as_text(), '')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data["first_name"], 'John')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data["last_name"], 'Lennon')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data["birthday"], datetime.date(1940, 10, 9))
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['first_name']),
'<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required />'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['last_name']),
'<input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" id="id_last_name" required />'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['birthday']),
'<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required />'
)
msg = "Key 'nonexistentfield' not found in 'Person'. Choices are: birthday, first_name, last_name."
with self.assertRaisesMessage(KeyError, msg):
p['nonexistentfield']
form_output = []
for boundfield in p:
form_output.append(str(boundfield))
self.assertHTMLEqual(
'\n'.join(form_output),
"""<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required />
<input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" id="id_last_name" required />
<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required />"""
)
form_output = []
for boundfield in p:
form_output.append([boundfield.label, boundfield.data])
self.assertEqual(form_output, [
['First name', 'John'],
['Last name', 'Lennon'],
['Birthday', '1940-10-9']
])
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
def test_empty_dict(self):
# Empty dictionaries are valid, too.
p = Person({})
self.assertTrue(p.is_bound)
self.assertEqual(p.errors['first_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['last_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['birthday'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data, {})
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th>
<td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th>
<td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th>
<td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></p>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></p>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></p>"""
)
def test_unbound_form(self):
# If you don't pass any values to the Form's __init__(), or if you pass None,
# the Form will be considered unbound and won't do any validation. Form.errors
# will be an empty dictionary *but* Form.is_valid() will return False.
p = Person()
self.assertFalse(p.is_bound)
self.assertEqual(p.errors, {})
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
with self.assertRaises(AttributeError):
p.cleaned_data
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<p><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required /></p>"""
)
def test_unicode_values(self):
# Unicode values are handled properly.
p = Person({
'first_name': 'John',
'last_name': '\u0160\u0110\u0106\u017d\u0107\u017e\u0161\u0111',
'birthday': '1940-10-9'
})
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
'<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>'
'<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>\n'
'<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>'
'</th><td><input type="text" name="last_name" '
'value="\u0160\u0110\u0106\u017d\u0107\u017e\u0161\u0111"'
'id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>\n'
'<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>'
'<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required /></td></tr>'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
'<li><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required /></li>\n'
'<li><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="last_name" '
'value="\u0160\u0110\u0106\u017d\u0107\u017e\u0161\u0111" id="id_last_name" required /></li>\n'
'<li><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required /></li>'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
'<p><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" id="id_first_name" required /></p>\n'
'<p><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="last_name" '
'value="\u0160\u0110\u0106\u017d\u0107\u017e\u0161\u0111" id="id_last_name" required /></p>\n'
'<p><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label> '
'<input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_birthday" required /></p>'
)
p = Person({'last_name': 'Lennon'})
self.assertEqual(p.errors['first_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['birthday'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
self.assertDictEqual(
p.errors,
{'birthday': ['This field is required.'], 'first_name': ['This field is required.']}
)
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data, {'last_name': 'Lennon'})
self.assertEqual(p['first_name'].errors, ['This field is required.'])
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p['first_name'].errors.as_ul(),
'<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>'
)
self.assertEqual(p['first_name'].errors.as_text(), '* This field is required.')
p = Person()
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['first_name']),
'<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required />',
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['last_name']), '<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['birthday']), '<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required />')
def test_cleaned_data_only_fields(self):
# cleaned_data will always *only* contain a key for fields defined in the
# Form, even if you pass extra data when you define the Form. In this
# example, we pass a bunch of extra fields to the form constructor,
# but cleaned_data contains only the form's fields.
data = {
'first_name': 'John',
'last_name': 'Lennon',
'birthday': '1940-10-9',
'extra1': 'hello',
'extra2': 'hello',
}
p = Person(data)
self.assertTrue(p.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['birthday'], datetime.date(1940, 10, 9))
def test_optional_data(self):
# cleaned_data will include a key and value for *all* fields defined in the Form,
# even if the Form's data didn't include a value for fields that are not
# required. In this example, the data dictionary doesn't include a value for the
# "nick_name" field, but cleaned_data includes it. For CharFields, it's set to the
# empty string.
class OptionalPersonForm(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
nick_name = CharField(required=False)
data = {'first_name': 'John', 'last_name': 'Lennon'}
f = OptionalPersonForm(data)
self.assertTrue(f.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['nick_name'], '')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
# For DateFields, it's set to None.
class OptionalPersonForm(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birth_date = DateField(required=False)
data = {'first_name': 'John', 'last_name': 'Lennon'}
f = OptionalPersonForm(data)
self.assertTrue(f.is_valid())
self.assertIsNone(f.cleaned_data['birth_date'])
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
def test_auto_id(self):
# "auto_id" tells the Form to add an "id" attribute to each form element.
# If it's a string that contains '%s', Django will use that as a format string
# into which the field's name will be inserted. It will also put a <label> around
# the human-readable labels for a field.
p = Person(auto_id='%s_id')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th><label for="first_name_id">First name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="first_name_id" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="last_name_id">Last name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="last_name_id" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="birthday_id">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="birthday_id" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="first_name_id">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="first_name_id" required /></li>
<li><label for="last_name_id">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="last_name_id" required /></li>
<li><label for="birthday_id">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="birthday_id" required /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<p><label for="first_name_id">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="first_name_id" required /></p>
<p><label for="last_name_id">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="last_name_id" required /></p>
<p><label for="birthday_id">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="birthday_id" required /></p>"""
)
def test_auto_id_true(self):
# If auto_id is any True value whose str() does not contain '%s', the "id"
# attribute will be the name of the field.
p = Person(auto_id=True)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="birthday" required /></li>"""
)
def test_auto_id_false(self):
# If auto_id is any False value, an "id" attribute won't be output unless it
# was manually entered.
p = Person(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /></li>"""
)
def test_id_on_field(self):
# In this example, auto_id is False, but the "id" attribute for the "first_name"
# field is given. Also note that field gets a <label>, while the others don't.
p = PersonNew(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="first_name_id">First name:</label>
<input type="text" id="first_name_id" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /></li>"""
)
def test_auto_id_on_form_and_field(self):
# If the "id" attribute is specified in the Form and auto_id is True, the "id"
# attribute in the Form gets precedence.
p = PersonNew(auto_id=True)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="first_name_id">First name:</label>
<input type="text" id="first_name_id" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="birthday" required /></li>"""
)
def test_various_boolean_values(self):
class SignupForm(Form):
email = EmailField()
get_spam = BooleanField()
f = SignupForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['email']), '<input type="email" name="email" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['get_spam']), '<input type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />')
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': True}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['email']), '<input type="email" name="email" value="test@example.com" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['get_spam']),
'<input checked type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />',
)
# 'True' or 'true' should be rendered without a value attribute
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': 'True'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['get_spam']),
'<input checked type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />',
)
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': 'true'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['get_spam']), '<input checked type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />')
# A value of 'False' or 'false' should be rendered unchecked
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': 'False'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['get_spam']), '<input type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />')
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': 'false'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['get_spam']), '<input type="checkbox" name="get_spam" required />')
# A value of '0' should be interpreted as a True value (#16820)
f = SignupForm({'email': 'test@example.com', 'get_spam': '0'})
self.assertTrue(f.is_valid())
self.assertTrue(f.cleaned_data.get('get_spam'))
def test_widget_output(self):
# Any Field can have a Widget class passed to its constructor:
class ContactForm(Form):
subject = CharField()
message = CharField(widget=Textarea)
f = ContactForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['subject']), '<input type="text" name="subject" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['message']), '<textarea name="message" rows="10" cols="40" required></textarea>')
# as_textarea(), as_text() and as_hidden() are shortcuts for changing the output
# widget type:
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f['subject'].as_textarea(),
'<textarea name="subject" rows="10" cols="40" required></textarea>',
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['message'].as_text(), '<input type="text" name="message" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['message'].as_hidden(), '<input type="hidden" name="message" />')
# The 'widget' parameter to a Field can also be an instance:
class ContactForm(Form):
subject = CharField()
message = CharField(widget=Textarea(attrs={'rows': 80, 'cols': 20}))
f = ContactForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['message']), '<textarea name="message" rows="80" cols="20" required></textarea>')
# Instance-level attrs are *not* carried over to as_textarea(), as_text() and
# as_hidden():
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['message'].as_text(), '<input type="text" name="message" required />')
f = ContactForm({'subject': 'Hello', 'message': 'I love you.'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f['subject'].as_textarea(),
'<textarea rows="10" cols="40" name="subject" required>Hello</textarea>'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f['message'].as_text(),
'<input type="text" name="message" value="I love you." required />',
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['message'].as_hidden(), '<input type="hidden" name="message" value="I love you." />')
def test_forms_with_choices(self):
# For a form with a <select>, use ChoiceField:
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField(choices=[('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')])
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select name="language" required>
<option value="P">Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
f = FrameworkForm({'name': 'Django', 'language': 'P'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select name="language" required>
<option value="P" selected>Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
# A subtlety: If one of the choices' value is the empty string and the form is
# unbound, then the <option> for the empty-string choice will get selected.
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField(choices=[('', '------'), ('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')])
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select name="language" required>
<option value="" selected>------</option>
<option value="P">Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
# You can specify widget attributes in the Widget constructor.
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField(choices=[('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')], widget=Select(attrs={'class': 'foo'}))
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select class="foo" name="language" required>
<option value="P">Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
f = FrameworkForm({'name': 'Django', 'language': 'P'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select class="foo" name="language" required>
<option value="P" selected>Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
# When passing a custom widget instance to ChoiceField, note that setting
# 'choices' on the widget is meaningless. The widget will use the choices
# defined on the Field, not the ones defined on the Widget.
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField(
choices=[('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')],
widget=Select(choices=[('R', 'Ruby'), ('P', 'Perl')], attrs={'class': 'foo'}),
)
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select class="foo" name="language" required>
<option value="P">Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
f = FrameworkForm({'name': 'Django', 'language': 'P'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select class="foo" name="language" required>
<option value="P" selected>Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
# You can set a ChoiceField's choices after the fact.
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField()
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select name="language" required>
</select>""")
f.fields['language'].choices = [('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')]
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<select name="language" required>
<option value="P">Python</option>
<option value="J">Java</option>
</select>""")
def test_forms_with_radio(self):
# Add widget=RadioSelect to use that widget with a ChoiceField.
class FrameworkForm(Form):
name = CharField()
language = ChoiceField(choices=[('P', 'Python'), ('J', 'Java')], widget=RadioSelect)
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['language']), """<ul>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="P" required /> Python</label></li>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="J" required /> Java</label></li>
</ul>""")
self.assertHTMLEqual(f.as_table(), """<tr><th>Name:</th><td><input type="text" name="name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Language:</th><td><ul>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="P" required /> Python</label></li>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="J" required /> Java</label></li>
</ul></td></tr>""")
self.assertHTMLEqual(f.as_ul(), """<li>Name: <input type="text" name="name" required /></li>
<li>Language: <ul>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="P" required /> Python</label></li>
<li><label><input type="radio" name="language" value="J" required /> Java</label></li>
</ul></li>""")
# Regarding auto_id and <label>, RadioSelect is a special case. Each radio button
# gets a distinct ID, formed by appending an underscore plus the button's
# zero-based index.
f = FrameworkForm(auto_id='id_%s')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['language']),
"""<ul id="id_language">
<li><label for="id_language_0"><input type="radio" id="id_language_0" value="P" name="language" required />
Python</label></li>
<li><label for="id_language_1"><input type="radio" id="id_language_1" value="J" name="language" required />
Java</label></li>
</ul>"""
)
# When RadioSelect is used with auto_id, and the whole form is printed using
# either as_table() or as_ul(), the label for the RadioSelect will point to the
# ID of the *first* radio button.
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_name">Name:</label></th><td><input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_language_0">Language:</label></th><td><ul id="id_language">
<li><label for="id_language_0"><input type="radio" id="id_language_0" value="P" name="language" required />
Python</label></li>
<li><label for="id_language_1"><input type="radio" id="id_language_1" value="J" name="language" required />
Java</label></li>
</ul></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_name">Name:</label> <input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_language_0">Language:</label> <ul id="id_language">
<li><label for="id_language_0"><input type="radio" id="id_language_0" value="P" name="language" required />
Python</label></li>
<li><label for="id_language_1"><input type="radio" id="id_language_1" value="J" name="language" required />
Java</label></li>
</ul></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_p(),
"""<p><label for="id_name">Name:</label> <input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_language_0">Language:</label> <ul id="id_language">
<li><label for="id_language_0"><input type="radio" id="id_language_0" value="P" name="language" required />
Python</label></li>
<li><label for="id_language_1"><input type="radio" id="id_language_1" value="J" name="language" required />
Java</label></li>
</ul></p>"""
)
# Test iterating on individual radios in a template
t = Template('{% for radio in form.language %}<div class="myradio">{{ radio }}</div>{% endfor %}')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
t.render(Context({'form': f})),
"""<div class="myradio"><label for="id_language_0">
<input id="id_language_0" name="language" type="radio" value="P" required /> Python</label></div>
<div class="myradio"><label for="id_language_1">
<input id="id_language_1" name="language" type="radio" value="J" required /> Java</label></div>"""
)
def test_form_with_iterable_boundfield(self):
class BeatleForm(Form):
name = ChoiceField(
choices=[('john', 'John'), ('paul', 'Paul'), ('george', 'George'), ('ringo', 'Ringo')],
widget=RadioSelect,
)
f = BeatleForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
'\n'.join(str(bf) for bf in f['name']),
"""<label><input type="radio" name="name" value="john" required /> John</label>
<label><input type="radio" name="name" value="paul" required /> Paul</label>
<label><input type="radio" name="name" value="george" required /> George</label>
<label><input type="radio" name="name" value="ringo" required /> Ringo</label>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
'\n'.join('<div>%s</div>' % bf for bf in f['name']),
"""<div><label><input type="radio" name="name" value="john" required /> John</label></div>
<div><label><input type="radio" name="name" value="paul" required /> Paul</label></div>
<div><label><input type="radio" name="name" value="george" required /> George</label></div>
<div><label><input type="radio" name="name" value="ringo" required /> Ringo</label></div>"""
)
def test_form_with_noniterable_boundfield(self):
# You can iterate over any BoundField, not just those with widget=RadioSelect.
class BeatleForm(Form):
name = CharField()
f = BeatleForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual('\n'.join(str(bf) for bf in f['name']), '<input type="text" name="name" required />')
def test_boundfield_slice(self):
class BeatleForm(Form):
name = ChoiceField(
choices=[('john', 'John'), ('paul', 'Paul'), ('george', 'George'), ('ringo', 'Ringo')],
widget=RadioSelect,
)
f = BeatleForm()
bf = f['name']
self.assertEqual(
[str(item) for item in bf[1:]],
[str(bf[1]), str(bf[2]), str(bf[3])],
)
def test_forms_with_multiple_choice(self):
# MultipleChoiceField is a special case, as its data is required to be a list:
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField()
f = SongForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<select multiple="multiple" name="composers" required>
</select>""")
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')])
f = SongForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<select multiple="multiple" name="composers" required>
<option value="J">John Lennon</option>
<option value="P">Paul McCartney</option>
</select>""")
f = SongForm({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': ['P']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['name']), '<input type="text" name="name" value="Yesterday" required />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<select multiple="multiple" name="composers" required>
<option value="J">John Lennon</option>
<option value="P" selected>Paul McCartney</option>
</select>""")
def test_form_with_disabled_fields(self):
class PersonForm(Form):
name = CharField()
birthday = DateField(disabled=True)
class PersonFormFieldInitial(Form):
name = CharField()
birthday = DateField(disabled=True, initial=datetime.date(1974, 8, 16))
# Disabled fields are generally not transmitted by user agents.
# The value from the form's initial data is used.
f1 = PersonForm({'name': 'John Doe'}, initial={'birthday': datetime.date(1974, 8, 16)})
f2 = PersonFormFieldInitial({'name': 'John Doe'})
for form in (f1, f2):
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(
form.cleaned_data,
{'birthday': datetime.date(1974, 8, 16), 'name': 'John Doe'}
)
# Values provided in the form's data are ignored.
data = {'name': 'John Doe', 'birthday': '1984-11-10'}
f1 = PersonForm(data, initial={'birthday': datetime.date(1974, 8, 16)})
f2 = PersonFormFieldInitial(data)
for form in (f1, f2):
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(
form.cleaned_data,
{'birthday': datetime.date(1974, 8, 16), 'name': 'John Doe'}
)
# Initial data remains present on invalid forms.
data = {}
f1 = PersonForm(data, initial={'birthday': datetime.date(1974, 8, 16)})
f2 = PersonFormFieldInitial(data)
for form in (f1, f2):
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form['birthday'].value(), datetime.date(1974, 8, 16))
def test_hidden_data(self):
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')])
# MultipleChoiceField rendered as_hidden() is a special case. Because it can
# have multiple values, its as_hidden() renders multiple <input type="hidden">
# tags.
f = SongForm({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': ['P']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['composers'].as_hidden(), '<input type="hidden" name="composers" value="P" />')
f = SongForm({'name': 'From Me To You', 'composers': ['P', 'J']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['composers'].as_hidden(), """<input type="hidden" name="composers" value="P" />
<input type="hidden" name="composers" value="J" />""")
# DateTimeField rendered as_hidden() is special too
class MessageForm(Form):
when = SplitDateTimeField()
f = MessageForm({'when_0': '1992-01-01', 'when_1': '01:01'})
self.assertTrue(f.is_valid())
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['when']),
'<input type="text" name="when_0" value="1992-01-01" id="id_when_0" required />'
'<input type="text" name="when_1" value="01:01" id="id_when_1" required />'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f['when'].as_hidden(),
'<input type="hidden" name="when_0" value="1992-01-01" id="id_when_0" />'
'<input type="hidden" name="when_1" value="01:01" id="id_when_1" />'
)
def test_multiple_choice_checkbox(self):
# MultipleChoiceField can also be used with the CheckboxSelectMultiple widget.
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')],
widget=CheckboxSelectMultiple,
)
f = SongForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<ul>
<li><label><input type="checkbox" name="composers" value="J" /> John Lennon</label></li>
<li><label><input type="checkbox" name="composers" value="P" /> Paul McCartney</label></li>
</ul>""")
f = SongForm({'composers': ['J']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<ul>
<li><label><input checked type="checkbox" name="composers" value="J" /> John Lennon</label></li>
<li><label><input type="checkbox" name="composers" value="P" /> Paul McCartney</label></li>
</ul>""")
f = SongForm({'composers': ['J', 'P']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(f['composers']), """<ul>
<li><label><input checked type="checkbox" name="composers" value="J" /> John Lennon</label></li>
<li><label><input checked type="checkbox" name="composers" value="P" /> Paul McCartney</label></li>
</ul>""")
# Test iterating on individual checkboxes in a template
t = Template('{% for checkbox in form.composers %}<div class="mycheckbox">{{ checkbox }}</div>{% endfor %}')
self.assertHTMLEqual(t.render(Context({'form': f})), """<div class="mycheckbox"><label>
<input checked name="composers" type="checkbox" value="J" /> John Lennon</label></div>
<div class="mycheckbox"><label>
<input checked name="composers" type="checkbox" value="P" /> Paul McCartney</label></div>""")
def test_checkbox_auto_id(self):
# Regarding auto_id, CheckboxSelectMultiple is a special case. Each checkbox
# gets a distinct ID, formed by appending an underscore plus the checkbox's
# zero-based index.
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')],
widget=CheckboxSelectMultiple,
)
f = SongForm(auto_id='%s_id')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(f['composers']),
"""<ul id="composers_id">
<li><label for="composers_id_0">
<input type="checkbox" name="composers" value="J" id="composers_id_0" /> John Lennon</label></li>
<li><label for="composers_id_1">
<input type="checkbox" name="composers" value="P" id="composers_id_1" /> Paul McCartney</label></li>
</ul>"""
)
def test_multiple_choice_list_data(self):
# Data for a MultipleChoiceField should be a list. QueryDict and
# MultiValueDict conveniently work with this.
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')],
widget=CheckboxSelectMultiple,
)
data = {'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': ['J', 'P']}
f = SongForm(data)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
data = QueryDict('name=Yesterday&composers=J&composers=P')
f = SongForm(data)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
data = MultiValueDict(dict(name=['Yesterday'], composers=['J', 'P']))
f = SongForm(data)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
# SelectMultiple uses ducktyping so that MultiValueDictLike.getlist()
# is called.
f = SongForm(MultiValueDictLike({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': 'J'}))
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['composers'], ['J'])
def test_multiple_hidden(self):
class SongForm(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')],
widget=CheckboxSelectMultiple,
)
# The MultipleHiddenInput widget renders multiple values as hidden fields.
class SongFormHidden(Form):
name = CharField()
composers = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('J', 'John Lennon'), ('P', 'Paul McCartney')],
widget=MultipleHiddenInput,
)
f = SongFormHidden(MultiValueDict(dict(name=['Yesterday'], composers=['J', 'P'])), auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_ul(),
"""<li>Name: <input type="text" name="name" value="Yesterday" required />
<input type="hidden" name="composers" value="J" />
<input type="hidden" name="composers" value="P" /></li>"""
)
# When using CheckboxSelectMultiple, the framework expects a list of input and
# returns a list of input.
f = SongForm({'name': 'Yesterday'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['composers'], ['This field is required.'])
f = SongForm({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': ['J']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['composers'], ['J'])
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['name'], 'Yesterday')
f = SongForm({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': ['J', 'P']}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['composers'], ['J', 'P'])
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['name'], 'Yesterday')
# MultipleHiddenInput uses ducktyping so that
# MultiValueDictLike.getlist() is called.
f = SongForm(MultiValueDictLike({'name': 'Yesterday', 'composers': 'J'}))
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['composers'], ['J'])
def test_escaping(self):
# Validation errors are HTML-escaped when output as HTML.
class EscapingForm(Form):
special_name = CharField(label="<em>Special</em> Field")
special_safe_name = CharField(label=mark_safe("<em>Special</em> Field"))
def clean_special_name(self):
raise ValidationError("Something's wrong with '%s'" % self.cleaned_data['special_name'])
def clean_special_safe_name(self):
raise ValidationError(
mark_safe("'<b>%s</b>' is a safe string" % self.cleaned_data['special_safe_name'])
)
f = EscapingForm({
'special_name':
"Nothing to escape",
'special_safe_name': "Nothing to escape",
}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>&lt;em&gt;Special&lt;/em&gt; Field:</th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>Something&#39;s wrong with &#39;Nothing to escape&#39;</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="special_name" value="Nothing to escape" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><em>Special</em> Field:</th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>'<b>Nothing to escape</b>' is a safe string</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="special_safe_name" value="Nothing to escape" required /></td></tr>"""
)
f = EscapingForm({
'special_name': "Should escape < & > and <script>alert('xss')</script>",
'special_safe_name': "<i>Do not escape</i>"
}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>&lt;em&gt;Special&lt;/em&gt; Field:</th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>Something&#39;s wrong with &#39;Should escape &lt; &amp; &gt; and
&lt;script&gt;alert(&#39;xss&#39;)&lt;/script&gt;&#39;</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="special_name"
value="Should escape &lt; &amp; &gt; and &lt;script&gt;alert(&#39;xss&#39;)&lt;/script&gt;" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><em>Special</em> Field:</th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>'<b><i>Do not escape</i></b>' is a safe string</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="special_safe_name" value="&lt;i&gt;Do not escape&lt;/i&gt;" required /></td></tr>"""
)
def test_validating_multiple_fields(self):
# There are a couple of ways to do multiple-field validation. If you want the
# validation message to be associated with a particular field, implement the
# clean_XXX() method on the Form, where XXX is the field name. As in
# Field.clean(), the clean_XXX() method should return the cleaned value. In the
# clean_XXX() method, you have access to self.cleaned_data, which is a dictionary
# of all the data that has been cleaned *so far*, in order by the fields,
# including the current field (e.g., the field XXX if you're in clean_XXX()).
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
def clean_password2(self):
if (self.cleaned_data.get('password1') and self.cleaned_data.get('password2') and
self.cleaned_data['password1'] != self.cleaned_data['password2']):
raise ValidationError('Please make sure your passwords match.')
return self.cleaned_data['password2']
f = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
f = UserRegistration({}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['username'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password1'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password2'], ['This field is required.'])
f = UserRegistration({'username': 'adrian', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'bar'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password2'], ['Please make sure your passwords match.'])
f = UserRegistration({'username': 'adrian', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'foo'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['username'], 'adrian')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['password1'], 'foo')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['password2'], 'foo')
# Another way of doing multiple-field validation is by implementing the
# Form's clean() method. Usually ValidationError raised by that method
# will not be associated with a particular field and will have a
# special-case association with the field named '__all__'. It's
# possible to associate the errors to particular field with the
# Form.add_error() method or by passing a dictionary that maps each
# field to one or more errors.
#
# Note that in Form.clean(), you have access to self.cleaned_data, a
# dictionary of all the fields/values that have *not* raised a
# ValidationError. Also note Form.clean() is required to return a
# dictionary of all clean data.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
def clean(self):
# Test raising a ValidationError as NON_FIELD_ERRORS.
if (self.cleaned_data.get('password1') and self.cleaned_data.get('password2') and
self.cleaned_data['password1'] != self.cleaned_data['password2']):
raise ValidationError('Please make sure your passwords match.')
# Test raising ValidationError that targets multiple fields.
errors = {}
if self.cleaned_data.get('password1') == 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE':
errors['password1'] = 'Forbidden value.'
if self.cleaned_data.get('password2') == 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE':
errors['password2'] = ['Forbidden value.']
if errors:
raise ValidationError(errors)
# Test Form.add_error()
if self.cleaned_data.get('password1') == 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE2':
self.add_error(None, 'Non-field error 1.')
self.add_error('password1', 'Forbidden value 2.')
if self.cleaned_data.get('password2') == 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE2':
self.add_error('password2', 'Forbidden value 2.')
raise ValidationError('Non-field error 2.')
return self.cleaned_data
f = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
f = UserRegistration({}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Username:</th><td>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password1:</th><td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="password" name="password1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password2:</th><td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="password" name="password2" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['username'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password1'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password2'], ['This field is required.'])
f = UserRegistration({'username': 'adrian', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'bar'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['__all__'], ['Please make sure your passwords match.'])
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
"""<tr><td colspan="2">
<ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>Please make sure your passwords match.</li></ul></td></tr>
<tr><th>Username:</th><td><input type="text" name="username" value="adrian" maxlength="10" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password1:</th><td><input type="password" name="password1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password2:</th><td><input type="password" name="password2" required /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist nonfield">
<li>Please make sure your passwords match.</li></ul></li>
<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="adrian" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password1: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></li>
<li>Password2: <input type="password" name="password2" required /></li>"""
)
f = UserRegistration({'username': 'adrian', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'foo'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['username'], 'adrian')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['password1'], 'foo')
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['password2'], 'foo')
f = UserRegistration({
'username': 'adrian',
'password1': 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE',
'password2': 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE',
}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password1'], ['Forbidden value.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password2'], ['Forbidden value.'])
f = UserRegistration({
'username': 'adrian',
'password1': 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE2',
'password2': 'FORBIDDEN_VALUE2',
}, auto_id=False)
self.assertEqual(f.errors['__all__'], ['Non-field error 1.', 'Non-field error 2.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password1'], ['Forbidden value 2.'])
self.assertEqual(f.errors['password2'], ['Forbidden value 2.'])
with six.assertRaisesRegex(self, ValueError, "has no field named"):
f.add_error('missing_field', 'Some error.')
def test_update_error_dict(self):
class CodeForm(Form):
code = CharField(max_length=10)
def clean(self):
try:
raise ValidationError({'code': [ValidationError('Code error 1.')]})
except ValidationError as e:
self._errors = e.update_error_dict(self._errors)
try:
raise ValidationError({'code': [ValidationError('Code error 2.')]})
except ValidationError as e:
self._errors = e.update_error_dict(self._errors)
try:
raise ValidationError({'code': forms.ErrorList(['Code error 3.'])})
except ValidationError as e:
self._errors = e.update_error_dict(self._errors)
try:
raise ValidationError('Non-field error 1.')
except ValidationError as e:
self._errors = e.update_error_dict(self._errors)
try:
raise ValidationError([ValidationError('Non-field error 2.')])
except ValidationError as e:
self._errors = e.update_error_dict(self._errors)
# Ensure that the newly added list of errors is an instance of ErrorList.
for field, error_list in self._errors.items():
if not isinstance(error_list, self.error_class):
self._errors[field] = self.error_class(error_list)
form = CodeForm({'code': 'hello'})
# Trigger validation.
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
# Check that update_error_dict didn't lose track of the ErrorDict type.
self.assertIsInstance(form._errors, forms.ErrorDict)
self.assertEqual(dict(form.errors), {
'code': ['Code error 1.', 'Code error 2.', 'Code error 3.'],
NON_FIELD_ERRORS: ['Non-field error 1.', 'Non-field error 2.'],
})
def test_has_error(self):
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput, min_length=5)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
def clean(self):
if (self.cleaned_data.get('password1') and self.cleaned_data.get('password2') and
self.cleaned_data['password1'] != self.cleaned_data['password2']):
raise ValidationError(
'Please make sure your passwords match.',
code='password_mismatch',
)
f = UserRegistration(data={})
self.assertTrue(f.has_error('password1'))
self.assertTrue(f.has_error('password1', 'required'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password1', 'anything'))
f = UserRegistration(data={'password1': 'Hi', 'password2': 'Hi'})
self.assertTrue(f.has_error('password1'))
self.assertTrue(f.has_error('password1', 'min_length'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password1', 'anything'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password2'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password2', 'anything'))
f = UserRegistration(data={'password1': 'Bonjour', 'password2': 'Hello'})
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password1'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error('password1', 'required'))
self.assertTrue(f.has_error(NON_FIELD_ERRORS))
self.assertTrue(f.has_error(NON_FIELD_ERRORS, 'password_mismatch'))
self.assertFalse(f.has_error(NON_FIELD_ERRORS, 'anything'))
def test_dynamic_construction(self):
# It's possible to construct a Form dynamically by adding to the self.fields
# dictionary in __init__(). Don't forget to call Form.__init__() within the
# subclass' __init__().
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(Person, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.fields['birthday'] = DateField()
p = Person(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>First name:</th><td><input type="text" name="first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Last name:</th><td><input type="text" name="last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Birthday:</th><td><input type="text" name="birthday" required /></td></tr>"""
)
# Instances of a dynamic Form do not persist fields from one Form instance to
# the next.
class MyForm(Form):
def __init__(self, data=None, auto_id=False, field_list=[]):
Form.__init__(self, data, auto_id=auto_id)
for field in field_list:
self.fields[field[0]] = field[1]
field_list = [('field1', CharField()), ('field2', CharField())]
my_form = MyForm(field_list=field_list)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
my_form.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Field1:</th><td><input type="text" name="field1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field2:</th><td><input type="text" name="field2" required /></td></tr>"""
)
field_list = [('field3', CharField()), ('field4', CharField())]
my_form = MyForm(field_list=field_list)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
my_form.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Field3:</th><td><input type="text" name="field3" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field4:</th><td><input type="text" name="field4" required /></td></tr>"""
)
class MyForm(Form):
default_field_1 = CharField()
default_field_2 = CharField()
def __init__(self, data=None, auto_id=False, field_list=[]):
Form.__init__(self, data, auto_id=auto_id)
for field in field_list:
self.fields[field[0]] = field[1]
field_list = [('field1', CharField()), ('field2', CharField())]
my_form = MyForm(field_list=field_list)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
my_form.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Default field 1:</th><td><input type="text" name="default_field_1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Default field 2:</th><td><input type="text" name="default_field_2" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field1:</th><td><input type="text" name="field1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field2:</th><td><input type="text" name="field2" required /></td></tr>"""
)
field_list = [('field3', CharField()), ('field4', CharField())]
my_form = MyForm(field_list=field_list)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
my_form.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Default field 1:</th><td><input type="text" name="default_field_1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Default field 2:</th><td><input type="text" name="default_field_2" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field3:</th><td><input type="text" name="field3" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field4:</th><td><input type="text" name="field4" required /></td></tr>"""
)
# Similarly, changes to field attributes do not persist from one Form instance
# to the next.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField(required=False)
last_name = CharField(required=False)
def __init__(self, names_required=False, *args, **kwargs):
super(Person, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if names_required:
self.fields['first_name'].required = True
self.fields['first_name'].widget.attrs['class'] = 'required'
self.fields['last_name'].required = True
self.fields['last_name'].widget.attrs['class'] = 'required'
f = Person(names_required=False)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.required, f['last_name'].field.required, (False, False))
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.widget.attrs, f['last_name'].field.widget.attrs, ({}, {}))
f = Person(names_required=True)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.required, f['last_name'].field.required, (True, True))
self.assertEqual(
f['first_name'].field.widget.attrs,
f['last_name'].field.widget.attrs,
({'class': 'reuired'}, {'class': 'required'})
)
f = Person(names_required=False)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.required, f['last_name'].field.required, (False, False))
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.widget.attrs, f['last_name'].field.widget.attrs, ({}, {}))
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField(max_length=30)
last_name = CharField(max_length=30)
def __init__(self, name_max_length=None, *args, **kwargs):
super(Person, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if name_max_length:
self.fields['first_name'].max_length = name_max_length
self.fields['last_name'].max_length = name_max_length
f = Person(name_max_length=None)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.max_length, f['last_name'].field.max_length, (30, 30))
f = Person(name_max_length=20)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.max_length, f['last_name'].field.max_length, (20, 20))
f = Person(name_max_length=None)
self.assertEqual(f['first_name'].field.max_length, f['last_name'].field.max_length, (30, 30))
# Similarly, choices do not persist from one Form instance to the next.
# Refs #15127.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField(required=False)
last_name = CharField(required=False)
gender = ChoiceField(choices=(('f', 'Female'), ('m', 'Male')))
def __init__(self, allow_unspec_gender=False, *args, **kwargs):
super(Person, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if allow_unspec_gender:
self.fields['gender'].choices += (('u', 'Unspecified'),)
f = Person()
self.assertEqual(f['gender'].field.choices, [('f', 'Female'), ('m', 'Male')])
f = Person(allow_unspec_gender=True)
self.assertEqual(f['gender'].field.choices, [('f', 'Female'), ('m', 'Male'), ('u', 'Unspecified')])
f = Person()
self.assertEqual(f['gender'].field.choices, [('f', 'Female'), ('m', 'Male')])
def test_validators_independence(self):
""" Test that we are able to modify a form field validators list without polluting
other forms """
from django.core.validators import MaxValueValidator
class MyForm(Form):
myfield = CharField(max_length=25)
f1 = MyForm()
f2 = MyForm()
f1.fields['myfield'].validators[0] = MaxValueValidator(12)
self.assertNotEqual(f1.fields['myfield'].validators[0], f2.fields['myfield'].validators[0])
def test_hidden_widget(self):
# HiddenInput widgets are displayed differently in the as_table(), as_ul())
# and as_p() output of a Form -- their verbose names are not displayed, and a
# separate row is not displayed. They're displayed in the last row of the
# form, directly after that row's form element.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
hidden_text = CharField(widget=HiddenInput)
birthday = DateField()
p = Person(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>First name:</th><td><input type="text" name="first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Last name:</th><td><input type="text" name="last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Birthday:</th>
<td><input type="text" name="birthday" required /><input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /><input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(), """<p>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></p>
<p>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></p>
<p>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /><input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></p>"""
)
# With auto_id set, a HiddenInput still gets an ID, but it doesn't get a label.
p = Person(auto_id='id_%s')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label></th><td>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" id="id_hidden_text" /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" id="id_hidden_text" /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<p><label for="id_first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="first_name" id="id_first_name" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="last_name" id="id_last_name" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="birthday" id="id_birthday" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" id="id_hidden_text" /></p>"""
)
# If a field with a HiddenInput has errors, the as_table() and as_ul() output
# will include the error message(s) with the text "(Hidden field [fieldname]) "
# prepended. This message is displayed at the top of the output, regardless of
# its field's order in the form.
p = Person({'first_name': 'John', 'last_name': 'Lennon', 'birthday': '1940-10-9'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><td colspan="2">
<ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>(Hidden field hidden_text) This field is required.</li></ul></td></tr>
<tr><th>First name:</th><td><input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Last name:</th><td><input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Birthday:</th><td><input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></td></tr>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>(Hidden field hidden_text) This field is required.</li></ul></li>
<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>(Hidden field hidden_text) This field is required.</li></ul>
<p>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" value="John" required /></p>
<p>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" value="Lennon" required /></p>
<p>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" value="1940-10-9" required />
<input type="hidden" name="hidden_text" /></p>"""
)
# A corner case: It's possible for a form to have only HiddenInputs.
class TestForm(Form):
foo = CharField(widget=HiddenInput)
bar = CharField(widget=HiddenInput)
p = TestForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.as_table(), '<input type="hidden" name="foo" /><input type="hidden" name="bar" />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.as_ul(), '<input type="hidden" name="foo" /><input type="hidden" name="bar" />')
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.as_p(), '<input type="hidden" name="foo" /><input type="hidden" name="bar" />')
def test_field_order(self):
# A Form's fields are displayed in the same order in which they were defined.
class TestForm(Form):
field1 = CharField()
field2 = CharField()
field3 = CharField()
field4 = CharField()
field5 = CharField()
field6 = CharField()
field7 = CharField()
field8 = CharField()
field9 = CharField()
field10 = CharField()
field11 = CharField()
field12 = CharField()
field13 = CharField()
field14 = CharField()
p = TestForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.as_table(), """<tr><th>Field1:</th><td><input type="text" name="field1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field2:</th><td><input type="text" name="field2" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field3:</th><td><input type="text" name="field3" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field4:</th><td><input type="text" name="field4" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field5:</th><td><input type="text" name="field5" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field6:</th><td><input type="text" name="field6" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field7:</th><td><input type="text" name="field7" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field8:</th><td><input type="text" name="field8" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field9:</th><td><input type="text" name="field9" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field10:</th><td><input type="text" name="field10" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field11:</th><td><input type="text" name="field11" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field12:</th><td><input type="text" name="field12" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field13:</th><td><input type="text" name="field13" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Field14:</th><td><input type="text" name="field14" required /></td></tr>""")
def test_explicit_field_order(self):
class TestFormParent(Form):
field1 = CharField()
field2 = CharField()
field4 = CharField()
field5 = CharField()
field6 = CharField()
field_order = ['field6', 'field5', 'field4', 'field2', 'field1']
class TestForm(TestFormParent):
field3 = CharField()
field_order = ['field2', 'field4', 'field3', 'field5', 'field6']
class TestFormRemove(TestForm):
field1 = None
class TestFormMissing(TestForm):
field_order = ['field2', 'field4', 'field3', 'field5', 'field6', 'field1']
field1 = None
class TestFormInit(TestFormParent):
field3 = CharField()
field_order = None
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
super(TestFormInit, self).__init__(**kwargs)
self.order_fields(field_order=TestForm.field_order)
p = TestFormParent()
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), TestFormParent.field_order)
p = TestFormRemove()
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), TestForm.field_order)
p = TestFormMissing()
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), TestForm.field_order)
p = TestForm()
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), TestFormMissing.field_order)
p = TestFormInit()
order = list(TestForm.field_order) + ['field1']
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), order)
TestForm.field_order = ['unknown']
p = TestForm()
self.assertEqual(list(p.fields.keys()), ['field1', 'field2', 'field4', 'field5', 'field6', 'field3'])
def test_form_html_attributes(self):
# Some Field classes have an effect on the HTML attributes of their associated
# Widget. If you set max_length in a CharField and its associated widget is
# either a TextInput or PasswordInput, then the widget's rendered HTML will
# include the "maxlength" attribute.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10) # uses TextInput by default
password = CharField(max_length=10, widget=PasswordInput)
realname = CharField(max_length=10, widget=TextInput) # redundantly define widget, just to test
address = CharField() # no max_length defined here
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Realname: <input type="text" name="realname" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Address: <input type="text" name="address" required /></li>"""
)
# If you specify a custom "attrs" that includes the "maxlength" attribute,
# the Field's max_length attribute will override whatever "maxlength" you specify
# in "attrs".
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, widget=TextInput(attrs={'maxlength': 20}))
password = CharField(max_length=10, widget=PasswordInput)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" maxlength="10" required /></li>"""
)
def test_specifying_labels(self):
# You can specify the label for a field by using the 'label' argument to a Field
# class. If you don't specify 'label', Django will use the field name with
# underscores converted to spaces, and the initial letter capitalized.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, label='Your username')
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput, label='Contraseña (de nuevo)')
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Your username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password1: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></li>
<li>Contraseña (de nuevo): <input type="password" name="password2" required /></li>"""
)
# Labels for as_* methods will only end in a colon if they don't end in other
# punctuation already.
class Questions(Form):
q1 = CharField(label='The first question')
q2 = CharField(label='What is your name?')
q3 = CharField(label='The answer to life is:')
q4 = CharField(label='Answer this question!')
q5 = CharField(label='The last question. Period.')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
Questions(auto_id=False).as_p(),
"""<p>The first question: <input type="text" name="q1" required /></p>
<p>What is your name? <input type="text" name="q2" required /></p>
<p>The answer to life is: <input type="text" name="q3" required /></p>
<p>Answer this question! <input type="text" name="q4" required /></p>
<p>The last question. Period. <input type="text" name="q5" required /></p>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
Questions().as_p(),
"""<p><label for="id_q1">The first question:</label> <input type="text" name="q1" id="id_q1" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_q2">What is your name?</label> <input type="text" name="q2" id="id_q2" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_q3">The answer to life is:</label> <input type="text" name="q3" id="id_q3" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_q4">Answer this question!</label> <input type="text" name="q4" id="id_q4" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_q5">The last question. Period.</label> <input type="text" name="q5" id="id_q5" required /></p>"""
)
# If a label is set to the empty string for a field, that field won't get a label.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, label='')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(p.as_ul(), """<li> <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>""")
p = UserRegistration(auto_id='id_%s')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li> <input id="id_username" type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" name="password" id="id_password" required /></li>"""
)
# If label is None, Django will auto-create the label from the field name. This
# is default behavior.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, label=None)
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id='id_%s')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_username">Username:</label>
<input id="id_username" type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_password">Password:</label>
<input type="password" name="password" id="id_password" required /></li>"""
)
def test_label_suffix(self):
# You can specify the 'label_suffix' argument to a Form class to modify the
# punctuation symbol used at the end of a label. By default, the colon (:) is
# used, and is only appended to the label if the label doesn't already end with a
# punctuation symbol: ., !, ? or :. If you specify a different suffix, it will
# be appended regardless of the last character of the label.
class FavoriteForm(Form):
color = CharField(label='Favorite color?')
animal = CharField(label='Favorite animal')
answer = CharField(label='Secret answer', label_suffix=' =')
f = FavoriteForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f.as_ul(), """<li>Favorite color? <input type="text" name="color" required /></li>
<li>Favorite animal: <input type="text" name="animal" required /></li>
<li>Secret answer = <input type="text" name="answer" required /></li>""")
f = FavoriteForm(auto_id=False, label_suffix='?')
self.assertHTMLEqual(f.as_ul(), """<li>Favorite color? <input type="text" name="color" required /></li>
<li>Favorite animal? <input type="text" name="animal" required /></li>
<li>Secret answer = <input type="text" name="answer" required /></li>""")
f = FavoriteForm(auto_id=False, label_suffix='')
self.assertHTMLEqual(f.as_ul(), """<li>Favorite color? <input type="text" name="color" required /></li>
<li>Favorite animal <input type="text" name="animal" required /></li>
<li>Secret answer = <input type="text" name="answer" required /></li>""")
f = FavoriteForm(auto_id=False, label_suffix='\u2192')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_ul(),
'<li>Favorite color? <input type="text" name="color" required /></li>\n'
'<li>Favorite animal\u2192 <input type="text" name="animal" required /></li>\n'
'<li>Secret answer = <input type="text" name="answer" required /></li>'
)
def test_initial_data(self):
# You can specify initial data for a field by using the 'initial' argument to a
# Field class. This initial data is displayed when a Form is rendered with *no*
# data. It is not displayed when a Form is rendered with any data (including an
# empty dictionary). Also, the initial value is *not* used if data for a
# particular required field isn't provided.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, initial='django')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
# Here, we're not submitting any data, so the initial value will be displayed.)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
# Here, we're submitting data, so the initial value will *not* be displayed.
p = UserRegistration({}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration({'username': ''}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration({'username': 'foo'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="foo" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
# An 'initial' value is *not* used as a fallback if data is not provided. In this
# example, we don't provide a value for 'username', and the form raises a
# validation error rather than using the initial value for 'username'.
p = UserRegistration({'password': 'secret'})
self.assertEqual(p.errors['username'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
def test_dynamic_initial_data(self):
# The previous technique dealt with "hard-coded" initial data, but it's also
# possible to specify initial data after you've already created the Form class
# (i.e., at runtime). Use the 'initial' parameter to the Form constructor. This
# should be a dictionary containing initial values for one or more fields in the
# form, keyed by field name.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
# Here, we're not submitting any data, so the initial value will be displayed.)
p = UserRegistration(initial={'username': 'django'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration(initial={'username': 'stephane'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="stephane" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
# The 'initial' parameter is meaningless if you pass data.
p = UserRegistration({}, initial={'username': 'django'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration({'username': ''}, initial={'username': 'django'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration({'username': 'foo'}, initial={'username': 'django'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(), """<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="foo" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
# A dynamic 'initial' value is *not* used as a fallback if data is not provided.
# In this example, we don't provide a value for 'username', and the form raises a
# validation error rather than using the initial value for 'username'.
p = UserRegistration({'password': 'secret'}, initial={'username': 'django'})
self.assertEqual(p.errors['username'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
# If a Form defines 'initial' *and* 'initial' is passed as a parameter to Form(),
# then the latter will get precedence.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, initial='django')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
p = UserRegistration(initial={'username': 'babik'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="babik" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>"""
)
def test_callable_initial_data(self):
# The previous technique dealt with raw values as initial data, but it's also
# possible to specify callable data.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
options = MultipleChoiceField(choices=[('f', 'foo'), ('b', 'bar'), ('w', 'whiz')])
# We need to define functions that get called later.)
def initial_django():
return 'django'
def initial_stephane():
return 'stephane'
def initial_options():
return ['f', 'b']
def initial_other_options():
return ['b', 'w']
# Here, we're not submitting any data, so the initial value will be displayed.)
p = UserRegistration(initial={'username': initial_django, 'options': initial_options}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li>Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f" selected>foo</option>
<option value="b" selected>bar</option>
<option value="w">whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
# The 'initial' parameter is meaningless if you pass data.
p = UserRegistration({}, initial={'username': initial_django, 'options': initial_options}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f">foo</option>
<option value="b">bar</option>
<option value="w">whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration({'username': ''}, initial={'username': initial_django}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f">foo</option>
<option value="b">bar</option>
<option value="w">whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration(
{'username': 'foo', 'options': ['f', 'b']}, initial={'username': initial_django}, auto_id=False
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="foo" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li>Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f" selected>foo</option>
<option value="b" selected>bar</option>
<option value="w">whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
# A callable 'initial' value is *not* used as a fallback if data is not provided.
# In this example, we don't provide a value for 'username', and the form raises a
# validation error rather than using the initial value for 'username'.
p = UserRegistration({'password': 'secret'}, initial={'username': initial_django, 'options': initial_options})
self.assertEqual(p.errors['username'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
# If a Form defines 'initial' *and* 'initial' is passed as a parameter to Form(),
# then the latter will get precedence.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, initial=initial_django)
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
options = MultipleChoiceField(
choices=[('f', 'foo'), ('b', 'bar'), ('w', 'whiz')],
initial=initial_other_options,
)
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li>Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f">foo</option>
<option value="b" selected>bar</option>
<option value="w" selected>whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
p = UserRegistration(initial={'username': initial_stephane, 'options': initial_options}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="stephane" maxlength="10" required /></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required /></li>
<li>Options: <select multiple="multiple" name="options" required>
<option value="f" selected>foo</option>
<option value="b" selected>bar</option>
<option value="w">whiz</option>
</select></li>"""
)
def test_get_initial_for_field(self):
class PersonForm(Form):
first_name = CharField(initial='John')
last_name = CharField(initial='Doe')
age = IntegerField()
occupation = CharField(initial=lambda: 'Unknown')
form = PersonForm(initial={'first_name': 'Jane'})
self.assertEqual(form.get_initial_for_field(form.fields['age'], 'age'), None)
self.assertEqual(form.get_initial_for_field(form.fields['last_name'], 'last_name'), 'Doe')
# Form.initial overrides Field.initial.
self.assertEqual(form.get_initial_for_field(form.fields['first_name'], 'first_name'), 'Jane')
# Callables are evaluated.
self.assertEqual(form.get_initial_for_field(form.fields['occupation'], 'occupation'), 'Unknown')
def test_changed_data(self):
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField(initial='Hans')
last_name = CharField(initial='Greatel')
birthday = DateField(initial=datetime.date(1974, 8, 16))
p = Person(data={'first_name': 'Hans', 'last_name': 'Scrmbl', 'birthday': '1974-08-16'})
self.assertTrue(p.is_valid())
self.assertNotIn('first_name', p.changed_data)
self.assertIn('last_name', p.changed_data)
self.assertNotIn('birthday', p.changed_data)
# Test that field raising ValidationError is always in changed_data
class PedanticField(forms.Field):
def to_python(self, value):
raise ValidationError('Whatever')
class Person2(Person):
pedantic = PedanticField(initial='whatever', show_hidden_initial=True)
p = Person2(data={
'first_name': 'Hans', 'last_name': 'Scrmbl', 'birthday': '1974-08-16',
'initial-pedantic': 'whatever',
})
self.assertFalse(p.is_valid())
self.assertIn('pedantic', p.changed_data)
def test_boundfield_values(self):
# It's possible to get to the value which would be used for rendering
# the widget for a field by using the BoundField's value method.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, initial='djangonaut')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
unbound = UserRegistration()
bound = UserRegistration({'password': 'foo'})
self.assertIsNone(bound['username'].value())
self.assertEqual(unbound['username'].value(), 'djangonaut')
self.assertEqual(bound['password'].value(), 'foo')
self.assertIsNone(unbound['password'].value())
def test_boundfield_initial_called_once(self):
"""
Multiple calls to BoundField().value() in an unbound form should return
the same result each time (#24391).
"""
class MyForm(Form):
name = CharField(max_length=10, initial=uuid.uuid4)
form = MyForm()
name = form['name']
self.assertEqual(name.value(), name.value())
# BoundField is also cached
self.assertIs(form['name'], name)
def test_boundfield_value_disabled_callable_initial(self):
class PersonForm(Form):
name = CharField(initial=lambda: 'John Doe', disabled=True)
# Without form data.
form = PersonForm()
self.assertEqual(form['name'].value(), 'John Doe')
# With form data. As the field is disabled, the value should not be
# affected by the form data.
form = PersonForm({})
self.assertEqual(form['name'].value(), 'John Doe')
def test_boundfield_rendering(self):
"""
Python 2 issue: Test that rendering a BoundField with bytestring content
doesn't lose it's safe string status (#22950).
"""
class CustomWidget(TextInput):
def render(self, name, value, attrs=None):
return format_html(str('<input{} required />'), ' id=custom')
class SampleForm(Form):
name = CharField(widget=CustomWidget)
f = SampleForm(data={'name': 'bar'})
self.assertIsInstance(force_text(f['name']), SafeData)
def test_custom_boundfield(self):
class CustomField(CharField):
def get_bound_field(self, form, name):
return (form, name)
class SampleForm(Form):
name = CustomField()
f = SampleForm()
self.assertEqual(f['name'], (f, 'name'))
def test_initial_datetime_values(self):
now = datetime.datetime.now()
# Nix microseconds (since they should be ignored). #22502
now_no_ms = now.replace(microsecond=0)
if now == now_no_ms:
now = now.replace(microsecond=1)
def delayed_now():
return now
def delayed_now_time():
return now.time()
class HiddenInputWithoutMicrosec(HiddenInput):
supports_microseconds = False
class TextInputWithoutMicrosec(TextInput):
supports_microseconds = False
class DateTimeForm(Form):
auto_timestamp = DateTimeField(initial=delayed_now)
auto_time_only = TimeField(initial=delayed_now_time)
supports_microseconds = DateTimeField(initial=delayed_now, widget=TextInput)
hi_default_microsec = DateTimeField(initial=delayed_now, widget=HiddenInput)
hi_without_microsec = DateTimeField(initial=delayed_now, widget=HiddenInputWithoutMicrosec)
ti_without_microsec = DateTimeField(initial=delayed_now, widget=TextInputWithoutMicrosec)
unbound = DateTimeForm()
self.assertEqual(unbound['auto_timestamp'].value(), now_no_ms)
self.assertEqual(unbound['auto_time_only'].value(), now_no_ms.time())
self.assertEqual(unbound['supports_microseconds'].value(), now)
self.assertEqual(unbound['hi_default_microsec'].value(), now)
self.assertEqual(unbound['hi_without_microsec'].value(), now_no_ms)
self.assertEqual(unbound['ti_without_microsec'].value(), now_no_ms)
def test_datetime_clean_initial_callable_disabled(self):
now = datetime.datetime(2006, 10, 25, 14, 30, 45, 123456)
class DateTimeForm(forms.Form):
dt = DateTimeField(initial=lambda: now, disabled=True)
form = DateTimeForm({})
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(form.cleaned_data, {'dt': now})
def test_datetime_changed_data_callable_with_microseconds(self):
class DateTimeForm(forms.Form):
dt = DateTimeField(initial=lambda: datetime.datetime(2006, 10, 25, 14, 30, 45, 123456), disabled=True)
form = DateTimeForm({'dt': '2006-10-25 14:30:45'})
self.assertEqual(form.changed_data, [])
def test_help_text(self):
# You can specify descriptive text for a field by using the 'help_text' argument)
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, help_text='e.g., user@example.com')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput, help_text='Wählen Sie mit Bedacht.')
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required />
<span class="helptext">e.g., user@example.com</span></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required />
<span class="helptext">Wählen Sie mit Bedacht.</span></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<p>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required />
<span class="helptext">e.g., user@example.com</span></p>
<p>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required />
<span class="helptext">Wählen Sie mit Bedacht.</span></p>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr><th>Username:</th><td><input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /><br />
<span class="helptext">e.g., user@example.com</span></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password:</th><td><input type="password" name="password" required /><br />
<span class="helptext">Wählen Sie mit Bedacht.</span></td></tr>"""
)
# The help text is displayed whether or not data is provided for the form.
p = UserRegistration({'username': 'foo'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" value="foo" maxlength="10" required />
<span class="helptext">e.g., user@example.com</span></li>
<li><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" required />
<span class="helptext">Wählen Sie mit Bedacht.</span></li>"""
)
# help_text is not displayed for hidden fields. It can be used for documentation
# purposes, though.
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, help_text='e.g., user@example.com')
password = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
next = CharField(widget=HiddenInput, initial='/', help_text='Redirect destination')
p = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required />
<span class="helptext">e.g., user@example.com</span></li>
<li>Password: <input type="password" name="password" required />
<input type="hidden" name="next" value="/" /></li>"""
)
def test_subclassing_forms(self):
# You can subclass a Form to add fields. The resulting form subclass will have
# all of the fields of the parent Form, plus whichever fields you define in the
# subclass.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
class Musician(Person):
instrument = CharField()
p = Person(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /></li>"""
)
m = Musician(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
m.as_ul(),
"""<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /></li>
<li>Instrument: <input type="text" name="instrument" required /></li>"""
)
# Yes, you can subclass multiple forms. The fields are added in the order in
# which the parent classes are listed.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
class Instrument(Form):
instrument = CharField()
class Beatle(Person, Instrument):
haircut_type = CharField()
b = Beatle(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(b.as_ul(), """<li>Instrument: <input type="text" name="instrument" required /></li>
<li>First name: <input type="text" name="first_name" required /></li>
<li>Last name: <input type="text" name="last_name" required /></li>
<li>Birthday: <input type="text" name="birthday" required /></li>
<li>Haircut type: <input type="text" name="haircut_type" required /></li>""")
def test_forms_with_prefixes(self):
# Sometimes it's necessary to have multiple forms display on the same HTML page,
# or multiple copies of the same form. We can accomplish this with form prefixes.
# Pass the keyword argument 'prefix' to the Form constructor to use this feature.
# This value will be prepended to each HTML form field name. One way to think
# about this is "namespaces for HTML forms". Notice that in the data argument,
# each field's key has the prefix, in this case 'person1', prepended to the
# actual field name.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
data = {
'person1-first_name': 'John',
'person1-last_name': 'Lennon',
'person1-birthday': '1940-10-9'
}
p = Person(data, prefix='person1')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_person1-first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="person1-first_name" value="John" id="id_person1-first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_person1-last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="person1-last_name" value="Lennon" id="id_person1-last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_person1-birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="person1-birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_person1-birthday" required /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['first_name']),
'<input type="text" name="person1-first_name" value="John" id="id_person1-first_name" required />'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['last_name']),
'<input type="text" name="person1-last_name" value="Lennon" id="id_person1-last_name" required />'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
str(p['birthday']),
'<input type="text" name="person1-birthday" value="1940-10-9" id="id_person1-birthday" required />'
)
self.assertEqual(p.errors, {})
self.assertTrue(p.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['birthday'], datetime.date(1940, 10, 9))
# Let's try submitting some bad data to make sure form.errors and field.errors
# work as expected.
data = {
'person1-first_name': '',
'person1-last_name': '',
'person1-birthday': ''
}
p = Person(data, prefix='person1')
self.assertEqual(p.errors['first_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['last_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['birthday'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p['first_name'].errors, ['This field is required.'])
# Accessing a nonexistent field.
with self.assertRaises(KeyError):
p['person1-first_name'].errors
# In this example, the data doesn't have a prefix, but the form requires it, so
# the form doesn't "see" the fields.
data = {
'first_name': 'John',
'last_name': 'Lennon',
'birthday': '1940-10-9'
}
p = Person(data, prefix='person1')
self.assertEqual(p.errors['first_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['last_name'], ['This field is required.'])
self.assertEqual(p.errors['birthday'], ['This field is required.'])
# With prefixes, a single data dictionary can hold data for multiple instances
# of the same form.
data = {
'person1-first_name': 'John',
'person1-last_name': 'Lennon',
'person1-birthday': '1940-10-9',
'person2-first_name': 'Jim',
'person2-last_name': 'Morrison',
'person2-birthday': '1943-12-8'
}
p1 = Person(data, prefix='person1')
self.assertTrue(p1.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p1.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(p1.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
self.assertEqual(p1.cleaned_data['birthday'], datetime.date(1940, 10, 9))
p2 = Person(data, prefix='person2')
self.assertTrue(p2.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p2.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'Jim')
self.assertEqual(p2.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Morrison')
self.assertEqual(p2.cleaned_data['birthday'], datetime.date(1943, 12, 8))
# By default, forms append a hyphen between the prefix and the field name, but a
# form can alter that behavior by implementing the add_prefix() method. This
# method takes a field name and returns the prefixed field, according to
# self.prefix.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
last_name = CharField()
birthday = DateField()
def add_prefix(self, field_name):
return '%s-prefix-%s' % (self.prefix, field_name) if self.prefix else field_name
p = Person(prefix='foo')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li><label for="id_foo-prefix-first_name">First name:</label>
<input type="text" name="foo-prefix-first_name" id="id_foo-prefix-first_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_foo-prefix-last_name">Last name:</label>
<input type="text" name="foo-prefix-last_name" id="id_foo-prefix-last_name" required /></li>
<li><label for="id_foo-prefix-birthday">Birthday:</label>
<input type="text" name="foo-prefix-birthday" id="id_foo-prefix-birthday" required /></li>"""
)
data = {
'foo-prefix-first_name': 'John',
'foo-prefix-last_name': 'Lennon',
'foo-prefix-birthday': '1940-10-9'
}
p = Person(data, prefix='foo')
self.assertTrue(p.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['first_name'], 'John')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['last_name'], 'Lennon')
self.assertEqual(p.cleaned_data['birthday'], datetime.date(1940, 10, 9))
def test_class_prefix(self):
# Prefix can be also specified at the class level.
class Person(Form):
first_name = CharField()
prefix = 'foo'
p = Person()
self.assertEqual(p.prefix, 'foo')
p = Person(prefix='bar')
self.assertEqual(p.prefix, 'bar')
def test_forms_with_null_boolean(self):
# NullBooleanField is a bit of a special case because its presentation (widget)
# is different than its data. This is handled transparently, though.
class Person(Form):
name = CharField()
is_cool = NullBooleanField()
p = Person({'name': 'Joe'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1" selected>Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select>""")
p = Person({'name': 'Joe', 'is_cool': '1'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1" selected>Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select>""")
p = Person({'name': 'Joe', 'is_cool': '2'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1">Unknown</option>
<option value="2" selected>Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select>""")
p = Person({'name': 'Joe', 'is_cool': '3'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1">Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3" selected>No</option>
</select>""")
p = Person({'name': 'Joe', 'is_cool': True}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1">Unknown</option>
<option value="2" selected>Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select>""")
p = Person({'name': 'Joe', 'is_cool': False}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(str(p['is_cool']), """<select name="is_cool" required>
<option value="1">Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3" selected>No</option>
</select>""")
def test_forms_with_file_fields(self):
# FileFields are a special case because they take their data from the request.FILES,
# not request.POST.
class FileForm(Form):
file1 = FileField()
f = FileForm(auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td><input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>',
)
f = FileForm(data={}, files={}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td>'
'<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>'
'<input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>'
)
f = FileForm(data={}, files={'file1': SimpleUploadedFile('name', b'')}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td>'
'<ul class="errorlist"><li>The submitted file is empty.</li></ul>'
'<input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>'
)
f = FileForm(data={}, files={'file1': 'something that is not a file'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td>'
'<ul class="errorlist"><li>No file was submitted. Check the '
'encoding type on the form.</li></ul>'
'<input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>'
)
f = FileForm(data={}, files={'file1': SimpleUploadedFile('name', b'some content')}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td><input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>',
)
self.assertTrue(f.is_valid())
file1 = SimpleUploadedFile('我隻氣墊船裝滿晒鱔.txt', 'मेरी मँडराने वाली नाव सर्पमीनों से भरी ह'.encode('utf-8'))
f = FileForm(data={}, files={'file1': file1}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td><input type="file" name="file1" required /></td></tr>',
)
# A required file field with initial data should not contain the
# required HTML attribute. The file input is left blank by the user to
# keep the existing, initial value.
f = FileForm(initial={'file1': 'resume.txt'}, auto_id=False)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f.as_table(),
'<tr><th>File1:</th><td><input type="file" name="file1" /></td></tr>',
)
def test_filefield_initial_callable(self):
class FileForm(forms.Form):
file1 = forms.FileField(initial=lambda: 'resume.txt')
f = FileForm({})
self.assertEqual(f.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(f.cleaned_data['file1'], 'resume.txt')
def test_basic_processing_in_view(self):
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10)
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
def clean(self):
if (self.cleaned_data.get('password1') and self.cleaned_data.get('password2') and
self.cleaned_data['password1'] != self.cleaned_data['password2']):
raise ValidationError('Please make sure your passwords match.')
return self.cleaned_data
def my_function(method, post_data):
if method == 'POST':
form = UserRegistration(post_data, auto_id=False)
else:
form = UserRegistration(auto_id=False)
if form.is_valid():
return 'VALID: %r' % sorted(six.iteritems(form.cleaned_data))
t = Template(
'<form action="" method="post">\n'
'<table>\n{{ form }}\n</table>\n<input type="submit" required />\n</form>'
)
return t.render(Context({'form': form}))
# Case 1: GET (an empty form, with no errors).)
self.assertHTMLEqual(my_function('GET', {}), """<form action="" method="post">
<table>
<tr><th>Username:</th><td><input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password1:</th><td><input type="password" name="password1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password2:</th><td><input type="password" name="password2" required /></td></tr>
</table>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>""")
# Case 2: POST with erroneous data (a redisplayed form, with errors).)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
my_function('POST', {'username': 'this-is-a-long-username', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'bar'}),
"""<form action="" method="post">
<table>
<tr><td colspan="2"><ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>Please make sure your passwords match.</li></ul></td></tr>
<tr><th>Username:</th><td><ul class="errorlist">
<li>Ensure this value has at most 10 characters (it has 23).</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="username" value="this-is-a-long-username" maxlength="10" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password1:</th><td><input type="password" name="password1" required /></td></tr>
<tr><th>Password2:</th><td><input type="password" name="password2" required /></td></tr>
</table>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>"""
)
# Case 3: POST with valid data (the success message).)
self.assertEqual(
my_function('POST', {'username': 'adrian', 'password1': 'secret', 'password2': 'secret'}),
str_prefix(
"VALID: [('password1', %(_)s'secret'), ('password2', %(_)s'secret'), ('username', %(_)s'adrian')]"
)
)
def test_templates_with_forms(self):
class UserRegistration(Form):
username = CharField(max_length=10, help_text="Good luck picking a username that doesn't already exist.")
password1 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
password2 = CharField(widget=PasswordInput)
def clean(self):
if (self.cleaned_data.get('password1') and self.cleaned_data.get('password2') and
self.cleaned_data['password1'] != self.cleaned_data['password2']):
raise ValidationError('Please make sure your passwords match.')
return self.cleaned_data
# You have full flexibility in displaying form fields in a template. Just pass a
# Form instance to the template, and use "dot" access to refer to individual
# fields. Note, however, that this flexibility comes with the responsibility of
# displaying all the errors, including any that might not be associated with a
# particular field.
t = Template('''<form action="">
{{ form.username.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Your username: {{ form.username }}</label></p>
{{ form.password1.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password: {{ form.password1 }}</label></p>
{{ form.password2.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password (again): {{ form.password2 }}</label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id=False)})), """<form action="">
<p><label>Your username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password (again): <input type="password" name="password2" required /></label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>""")
self.assertHTMLEqual(
t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration({'username': 'django'}, auto_id=False)})),
"""<form action="">
<p><label>Your username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></label></p>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul><p>
<label>Password: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></label></p>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p><label>Password (again): <input type="password" name="password2" required /></label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>"""
)
# Use form.[field].label to output a field's label. You can specify the label for
# a field by using the 'label' argument to a Field class. If you don't specify
# 'label', Django will use the field name with underscores converted to spaces,
# and the initial letter capitalized.
t = Template('''<form action="">
<p><label>{{ form.username.label }}: {{ form.username }}</label></p>
<p><label>{{ form.password1.label }}: {{ form.password1 }}</label></p>
<p><label>{{ form.password2.label }}: {{ form.password2 }}</label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id=False)})), """<form action="">
<p><label>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password1: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password2: <input type="password" name="password2" required /></label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>""")
# User form.[field].label_tag to output a field's label with a <label> tag
# wrapped around it, but *only* if the given field has an "id" attribute.
# Recall from above that passing the "auto_id" argument to a Form gives each
# field an "id" attribute.
t = Template('''<form action="">
<p>{{ form.username.label_tag }} {{ form.username }}</p>
<p>{{ form.password1.label_tag }} {{ form.password1 }}</p>
<p>{{ form.password2.label_tag }} {{ form.password2 }}</p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id=False)})), """<form action="">
<p>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></p>
<p>Password1: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></p>
<p>Password2: <input type="password" name="password2" required /></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>""")
self.assertHTMLEqual(t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id='id_%s')})), """<form action="">
<p><label for="id_username">Username:</label>
<input id="id_username" type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_password1">Password1:</label>
<input type="password" name="password1" id="id_password1" required /></p>
<p><label for="id_password2">Password2:</label>
<input type="password" name="password2" id="id_password2" required /></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>""")
# User form.[field].help_text to output a field's help text. If the given field
# does not have help text, nothing will be output.
t = Template('''<form action="">
<p>{{ form.username.label_tag }} {{ form.username }}<br />{{ form.username.help_text }}</p>
<p>{{ form.password1.label_tag }} {{ form.password1 }}</p>
<p>{{ form.password2.label_tag }} {{ form.password2 }}</p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
t.render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id=False)})),
"""<form action="">
<p>Username: <input type="text" name="username" maxlength="10" required /><br />
Good luck picking a username that doesn&#39;t already exist.</p>
<p>Password1: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></p>
<p>Password2: <input type="password" name="password2" required /></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>"""
)
self.assertEqual(
Template('{{ form.password1.help_text }}').render(Context({'form': UserRegistration(auto_id=False)})),
''
)
# To display the errors that aren't associated with a particular field -- e.g.,
# the errors caused by Form.clean() -- use {{ form.non_field_errors }} in the
# template. If used on its own, it is displayed as a <ul> (or an empty string, if
# the list of errors is empty). You can also use it in {% if %} statements.
t = Template('''<form action="">
{{ form.username.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Your username: {{ form.username }}</label></p>
{{ form.password1.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password: {{ form.password1 }}</label></p>
{{ form.password2.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password (again): {{ form.password2 }}</label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
t.render(Context({
'form': UserRegistration({'username': 'django', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'bar'}, auto_id=False)
})),
"""<form action="">
<p><label>Your username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password (again): <input type="password" name="password2" required /></label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>"""
)
t = Template('''<form action="">
{{ form.non_field_errors }}
{{ form.username.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Your username: {{ form.username }}</label></p>
{{ form.password1.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password: {{ form.password1 }}</label></p>
{{ form.password2.errors.as_ul }}<p><label>Password (again): {{ form.password2 }}</label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>''')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
t.render(Context({
'form': UserRegistration({'username': 'django', 'password1': 'foo', 'password2': 'bar'}, auto_id=False)
})),
"""<form action="">
<ul class="errorlist nonfield"><li>Please make sure your passwords match.</li></ul>
<p><label>Your username: <input type="text" name="username" value="django" maxlength="10" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password: <input type="password" name="password1" required /></label></p>
<p><label>Password (again): <input type="password" name="password2" required /></label></p>
<input type="submit" required />
</form>"""
)
def test_empty_permitted(self):
# Sometimes (pretty much in formsets) we want to allow a form to pass validation
# if it is completely empty. We can accomplish this by using the empty_permitted
# argument to a form constructor.
class SongForm(Form):
artist = CharField()
name = CharField()
# First let's show what happens id empty_permitted=False (the default):
data = {'artist': '', 'song': ''}
form = SongForm(data, empty_permitted=False)
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {'name': ['This field is required.'], 'artist': ['This field is required.']})
self.assertEqual(form.cleaned_data, {})
# Now let's show what happens when empty_permitted=True and the form is empty.
form = SongForm(data, empty_permitted=True)
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {})
self.assertEqual(form.cleaned_data, {})
# But if we fill in data for one of the fields, the form is no longer empty and
# the whole thing must pass validation.
data = {'artist': 'The Doors', 'song': ''}
form = SongForm(data, empty_permitted=False)
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {'name': ['This field is required.']})
self.assertEqual(form.cleaned_data, {'artist': 'The Doors'})
# If a field is not given in the data then None is returned for its data. Lets
# make sure that when checking for empty_permitted that None is treated
# accordingly.
data = {'artist': None, 'song': ''}
form = SongForm(data, empty_permitted=True)
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
# However, we *really* need to be sure we are checking for None as any data in
# initial that returns False on a boolean call needs to be treated literally.
class PriceForm(Form):
amount = FloatField()
qty = IntegerField()
data = {'amount': '0.0', 'qty': ''}
form = PriceForm(data, initial={'amount': 0.0}, empty_permitted=True)
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
def test_extracting_hidden_and_visible(self):
class SongForm(Form):
token = CharField(widget=HiddenInput)
artist = CharField()
name = CharField()
form = SongForm()
self.assertEqual([f.name for f in form.hidden_fields()], ['token'])
self.assertEqual([f.name for f in form.visible_fields()], ['artist', 'name'])
def test_hidden_initial_gets_id(self):
class MyForm(Form):
field1 = CharField(max_length=50, show_hidden_initial=True)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
MyForm().as_table(),
'<tr><th><label for="id_field1">Field1:</label></th>'
'<td><input id="id_field1" type="text" name="field1" maxlength="50" required />'
'<input type="hidden" name="initial-field1" id="initial-id_field1" /></td></tr>'
)
def test_error_html_required_html_classes(self):
class Person(Form):
name = CharField()
is_cool = NullBooleanField()
email = EmailField(required=False)
age = IntegerField()
p = Person({})
p.error_css_class = 'error'
p.required_css_class = 'required'
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_ul(),
"""<li class="required error"><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<label class="required" for="id_name">Name:</label> <input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></li>
<li class="required"><label class="required" for="id_is_cool">Is cool:</label>
<select name="is_cool" id="id_is_cool" required>
<option value="1" selected>Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select></li>
<li><label for="id_email">Email:</label> <input type="email" name="email" id="id_email" /></li>
<li class="required error"><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<label class="required" for="id_age">Age:</label> <input type="number" name="age" id="id_age" required /></li>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_p(),
"""<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p class="required error"><label class="required" for="id_name">Name:</label>
<input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></p>
<p class="required"><label class="required" for="id_is_cool">Is cool:</label>
<select name="is_cool" id="id_is_cool" required>
<option value="1" selected>Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select></p>
<p><label for="id_email">Email:</label> <input type="email" name="email" id="id_email" /></p>
<ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<p class="required error"><label class="required" for="id_age">Age:</label>
<input type="number" name="age" id="id_age" required /></p>"""
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(
p.as_table(),
"""<tr class="required error">
<th><label class="required" for="id_name">Name:</label></th>
<td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="text" name="name" id="id_name" required /></td></tr>
<tr class="required"><th><label class="required" for="id_is_cool">Is cool:</label></th>
<td><select name="is_cool" id="id_is_cool" required>
<option value="1" selected>Unknown</option>
<option value="2">Yes</option>
<option value="3">No</option>
</select></td></tr>
<tr><th><label for="id_email">Email:</label></th><td>
<input type="email" name="email" id="id_email" /></td></tr>
<tr class="required error"><th><label class="required" for="id_age">Age:</label></th>
<td><ul class="errorlist"><li>This field is required.</li></ul>
<input type="number" name="age" id="id_age" required /></td></tr>"""
)
def test_label_has_required_css_class(self):
"""
#17922 - required_css_class is added to the label_tag() of required fields.
"""
class SomeForm(Form):
required_css_class = 'required'
field = CharField(max_length=10)
field2 = IntegerField(required=False)
f = SomeForm({'field': 'test'})
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['field'].label_tag(), '<label for="id_field" class="required">Field:</label>')
self.assertHTMLEqual(
f['field'].label_tag(attrs={'class': 'foo'}),
'<label for="id_field" class="foo required">Field:</label>'
)
self.assertHTMLEqual(f['field2'].label_tag(), '<label for="id_field2">Field2:</label>')
def test_label_split_datetime_not_displayed(self):
class EventForm(Form):
happened_at = SplitDateTimeField(widget=SplitHiddenDateTimeWidget)
form = EventForm()
self.assertHTMLEqual(
form.as_ul(),
'<input type="hidden" name="happened_at_0" id="id_happened_at_0" />'
'<input type="hidden" name="happened_at_1" id="id_happened_at_1" />'
)
def test_multivalue_field_validation(self):
def bad_names(value):
if value == 'bad value':
raise ValidationError('bad value not allowed')
class NameField(MultiValueField):
def __init__(self, fields=(), *args, **kwargs):
fields = (CharField(label='First name', max_length=10),
CharField(label='Last name', max_length=10))
super(NameField, self).__init__(fields=fields, *args, **kwargs)
def compress(self, data_list):
return ' '.join(data_list)
class NameForm(Form):
name = NameField(validators=[bad_names])
form = NameForm(data={'name': ['bad', 'value']})
form.full_clean()
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {'name': ['bad value not allowed']})
form = NameForm(data={'name': ['should be overly', 'long for the field names']})
self.assertFalse(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.errors, {'name': ['Ensure this value has at most 10 characters (it has 16).',
'Ensure this value has at most 10 characters (it has 24).']})
form = NameForm(data={'name': ['fname', 'lname']})
self.assertTrue(form.is_valid())
self.assertEqual(form.cleaned_data, {'name': 'fname lname'})
def test_multivalue_deep_copy(self):
"""
#19298 -- MultiValueField needs to override the default as it needs
to deep-copy subfields:
"""
class ChoicesField(MultiValueField):
def __init__(self, fields=(), *args, **kwargs):
fields = (
ChoiceField(label='Rank', choices=((1, 1), (2, 2))),
CharField(label='Name', max_length=10),
)
super(ChoicesField, self).__init__(fields=fields, *args, **kwargs)
field = ChoicesField()
field2 = copy.deepcopy(field)
self.assertIsInstance(field2, ChoicesField)
self.assertIsNot(field2.fields, field.fields)
self.assertIsNot(field2.fields[0].choices, field.fields[0].choices)
def test_multivalue_initial_data(self):
"""
#23674 -- invalid initial data should not break form.changed_data()
"""
class DateAgeField(MultiValueField):
def __init__(self, fields=(), *args, **kwargs):
fields = (DateField(label="Date"), IntegerField(label="Age"))
super(DateAgeField, self).__init__(fields=fields, *args, **kwargs)
class DateAgeForm(Form):
date_age = DateAgeField()
data = {"date_age": ["1998-12-06", 16]}
form = DateAgeForm(data, initial={"date_age": ["200-10-10", 14]})
self.assertTrue(form.has_changed())
def test_multivalue_optional_subfields(self):
class PhoneField(MultiValueField):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
fields = (
CharField(label='Country Code', validators=[
RegexValidator(r'^\+[0-9]{1,2}$', message='Enter a valid country code.')]),
CharField(label='Phone Number'),
CharField(label='Extension', error_messages={'incomplete': 'Enter an extension.'}),
CharField(label='Label', required=False, help_text='E.g. home, work.'),
)
super(PhoneField, self).__init__(fields, *args, **kwargs)
def compress(self, data_list):
if data_list:
return '%s.%s ext. %s (label: %s)' % tuple(data_list)
return None
# An empty value for any field will raise a `required` error on a
# required `MultiValueField`.
f = PhoneField()
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean('')
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean(None)
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean([])
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean(['+61'])
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean(['+61', '287654321', '123'])
self.assertEqual('+61.287654321 ext. 123 (label: Home)', f.clean(['+61', '287654321', '123', 'Home']))
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'Enter a valid country code.'"):
f.clean(['61', '287654321', '123', 'Home'])
# Empty values for fields will NOT raise a `required` error on an
# optional `MultiValueField`
f = PhoneField(required=False)
self.assertIsNone(f.clean(''))
self.assertIsNone(f.clean(None))
self.assertIsNone(f.clean([]))
self.assertEqual('+61. ext. (label: )', f.clean(['+61']))
self.assertEqual('+61.287654321 ext. 123 (label: )', f.clean(['+61', '287654321', '123']))
self.assertEqual('+61.287654321 ext. 123 (label: Home)', f.clean(['+61', '287654321', '123', 'Home']))
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'Enter a valid country code.'"):
f.clean(['61', '287654321', '123', 'Home'])
# For a required `MultiValueField` with `require_all_fields=False`, a
# `required` error will only be raised if all fields are empty. Fields
# can individually be required or optional. An empty value for any
# required field will raise an `incomplete` error.
f = PhoneField(require_all_fields=False)
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean('')
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean(None)
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'This field is required.'"):
f.clean([])
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'Enter a complete value.'"):
f.clean(['+61'])
self.assertEqual('+61.287654321 ext. 123 (label: )', f.clean(['+61', '287654321', '123']))
six.assertRaisesRegex(
self, ValidationError,
r"'Enter a complete value\.', u?'Enter an extension\.'", f.clean, ['', '', '', 'Home']
)
with self.assertRaisesMessage(ValidationError, "'Enter a valid country code.'"):