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from django.core import validators
from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured
from django.db import backend, connection, models
from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _
import datetime
def check_password(raw_password, enc_password):
Returns a boolean of whether the raw_password was correct. Handles
encryption formats behind the scenes.
algo, salt, hsh = enc_password.split('$')
if algo == 'md5':
import md5
return hsh ==
elif algo == 'sha1':
import sha
return hsh ==
raise ValueError, "Got unknown password algorithm type in password."
class SiteProfileNotAvailable(Exception):
class Permission(models.Model):
"""The permissions system provides a way to assign permissions to specific users and groups of users.
The permission system is used by the Django admin site, but may also be useful in your own code. The Django admin site uses permissions as follows:
- The "add" permission limits the user's ability to view the "add" form and add an object.
- The "change" permission limits a user's ability to view the change list, view the "change" form and change an object.
- The "delete" permission limits the ability to delete an object.
Permissions are set globally per type of object, not per specific object instance. It is possible to say "Mary may change news stories," but it's not currently possible to say "Mary may change news stories, but only the ones she created herself" or "Mary may only change news stories that have a certain status or publication date."
Three basic permissions -- add, change and delete -- are automatically created for each Django model.
name = models.CharField(_('name'), maxlength=50)
content_type = models.ForeignKey(ContentType)
codename = models.CharField(_('codename'), maxlength=100)
class Meta:
verbose_name = _('permission')
verbose_name_plural = _('permissions')
unique_together = (('content_type', 'codename'),)
ordering = ('content_type', 'codename')
def __str__(self):
return "%s | %s" % (self.content_type,
class Group(models.Model):
"""Groups are a generic way of categorizing users to apply permissions, or some other label, to those users. A user can belong to any number of groups.
A user in a group automatically has all the permissions granted to that group. For example, if the group Site editors has the permission can_edit_home_page, any user in that group will have that permission.
Beyond permissions, groups are a convenient way to categorize users to apply some label, or extended functionality, to them. For example, you could create a group 'Special users', and you could write code that would do special things to those users -- such as giving them access to a members-only portion of your site, or sending them members-only e-mail messages.
name = models.CharField(_('name'), maxlength=80, unique=True)
permissions = models.ManyToManyField(Permission, verbose_name=_('permissions'), blank=True, filter_interface=models.HORIZONTAL)
class Meta:
verbose_name = _('group')
verbose_name_plural = _('groups')
ordering = ('name',)
class Admin:
search_fields = ('name',)
def __str__(self):
class UserManager(models.Manager):
def create_user(self, username, email, password):
"Creates and saves a User with the given username, e-mail and password."
now =
user = self.model(None, username, '', '', email.strip().lower(), 'placeholder', False, True, False, now, now)
return user
def make_random_password(self, length=10, allowed_chars='abcdefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZ23456789'):
"Generates a random password with the given length and given allowed_chars"
# Note that default value of allowed_chars does not have "I" or letters
# that look like it -- just to avoid confusion.
from random import choice
return ''.join([choice(allowed_chars) for i in range(length)])
class User(models.Model):
"""Users within the Django authentication system are represented by this model.
Username and password are required. Other fields are optional.
username = models.CharField(_('username'), maxlength=30, unique=True, validator_list=[validators.isAlphaNumeric], help_text=_("Required. 30 characters or fewer. Alphanumeric characters only (letters, digits and underscores)."))
first_name = models.CharField(_('first name'), maxlength=30, blank=True)
last_name = models.CharField(_('last name'), maxlength=30, blank=True)
email = models.EmailField(_('e-mail address'), blank=True)
password = models.CharField(_('password'), maxlength=128, help_text=_("Use '[algo]$[salt]$[hexdigest]' or use the <a href=\"password/\">change password form</a>."))
is_staff = models.BooleanField(_('staff status'), default=False, help_text=_("Designates whether the user can log into this admin site."))
is_active = models.BooleanField(_('active'), default=True, help_text=_("Designates whether this user can log into the Django admin. Unselect this instead of deleting accounts."))
is_superuser = models.BooleanField(_('superuser status'), default=False, help_text=_("Designates that this user has all permissions without explicitly assigning them."))
last_login = models.DateTimeField(_('last login'), default=models.LazyDate())
date_joined = models.DateTimeField(_('date joined'), default=models.LazyDate())
groups = models.ManyToManyField(Group, verbose_name=_('groups'), blank=True,
help_text=_("In addition to the permissions manually assigned, this user will also get all permissions granted to each group he/she is in."))
user_permissions = models.ManyToManyField(Permission, verbose_name=_('user permissions'), blank=True, filter_interface=models.HORIZONTAL)
objects = UserManager()
class Meta:
verbose_name = _('user')
verbose_name_plural = _('users')
ordering = ('username',)
class Admin:
fields = (
(None, {'fields': ('username', 'password')}),
(_('Personal info'), {'fields': ('first_name', 'last_name', 'email')}),
(_('Permissions'), {'fields': ('is_staff', 'is_active', 'is_superuser', 'user_permissions')}),
(_('Important dates'), {'fields': ('last_login', 'date_joined')}),
(_('Groups'), {'fields': ('groups',)}),
list_display = ('username', 'email', 'first_name', 'last_name', 'is_staff')
list_filter = ('is_staff', 'is_superuser')
search_fields = ('username', 'first_name', 'last_name', 'email')
def __str__(self):
return self.username
def get_absolute_url(self):
return "/users/%s/" % self.username
def is_anonymous(self):
"Always returns False. This is a way of comparing User objects to anonymous users."
return False
def is_authenticated(self):
"""Always return True. This is a way to tell if the user has been authenticated in templates.
return True
def get_full_name(self):
"Returns the first_name plus the last_name, with a space in between."
full_name = '%s %s' % (self.first_name, self.last_name)
return full_name.strip()
def set_password(self, raw_password):
import sha, random
algo = 'sha1'
salt =[:5]
hsh =
self.password = '%s$%s$%s' % (algo, salt, hsh)
def check_password(self, raw_password):
Returns a boolean of whether the raw_password was correct. Handles
encryption formats behind the scenes.
# Backwards-compatibility check. Older passwords won't include the
# algorithm or salt.
if '$' not in self.password:
import md5
is_correct = (self.password ==
if is_correct:
# Convert the password to the new, more secure format.
return is_correct
return check_password(raw_password, self.password)
def get_group_permissions(self):
"Returns a list of permission strings that this user has through his/her groups."
if not hasattr(self, '_group_perm_cache'):
import sets
cursor = connection.cursor()
# The SQL below works out to the following, after DB quoting:
# cursor.execute("""
# SELECT ct."app_label", p."codename"
# FROM "auth_permission" p, "auth_group_permissions" gp, "auth_user_groups" ug, "django_content_type" ct
# WHERE p."id" = gp."permission_id"
# AND gp."group_id" = ug."group_id"
# AND ct."id" = p."content_type_id"
# AND ug."user_id" = %s, [])
sql = """
SELECT ct.%s, p.%s
FROM %s p, %s gp, %s ug, %s ct
WHERE p.%s = gp.%s
AND gp.%s = ug.%s
AND ct.%s = p.%s
AND ug.%s = %%s""" % (
backend.quote_name('app_label'), backend.quote_name('codename'),
backend.quote_name('auth_permission'), backend.quote_name('auth_group_permissions'),
backend.quote_name('auth_user_groups'), backend.quote_name('django_content_type'),
backend.quote_name('id'), backend.quote_name('permission_id'),
backend.quote_name('group_id'), backend.quote_name('group_id'),
backend.quote_name('id'), backend.quote_name('content_type_id'),
cursor.execute(sql, [])
self._group_perm_cache = sets.Set(["%s.%s" % (row[0], row[1]) for row in cursor.fetchall()])
return self._group_perm_cache
def get_all_permissions(self):
if not hasattr(self, '_perm_cache'):
import sets
self._perm_cache = sets.Set(["%s.%s" % (p.content_type.app_label, p.codename) for p in self.user_permissions.select_related()])
return self._perm_cache
def has_perm(self, perm):
"Returns True if the user has the specified permission."
if not self.is_active:
return False
if self.is_superuser:
return True
return perm in self.get_all_permissions()
def has_perms(self, perm_list):
"Returns True if the user has each of the specified permissions."
for perm in perm_list:
if not self.has_perm(perm):
return False
return True
def has_module_perms(self, app_label):
"Returns True if the user has any permissions in the given app label."
if not self.is_active:
return False
if self.is_superuser:
return True
return bool(len([p for p in self.get_all_permissions() if p[:p.index('.')] == app_label]))
def get_and_delete_messages(self):
messages = []
for m in self.message_set.all():
return messages
def email_user(self, subject, message, from_email=None):
"Sends an e-mail to this User."
from django.core.mail import send_mail
send_mail(subject, message, from_email, [])
def get_profile(self):
Returns site-specific profile for this user. Raises
SiteProfileNotAvailable if this site does not allow profiles.
if not hasattr(self, '_profile_cache'):
from django.conf import settings
if not settings.AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE:
raise SiteProfileNotAvailable
app_label, model_name = settings.AUTH_PROFILE_MODULE.split('.')
model = models.get_model(app_label, model_name)
self._profile_cache = model._default_manager.get(
except (ImportError, ImproperlyConfigured):
raise SiteProfileNotAvailable
return self._profile_cache
class Message(models.Model):
"""The message system is a lightweight way to queue messages for given users. A message is associated with a User instance (so it is only applicable for registered users). There's no concept of expiration or timestamps. Messages are created by the Django admin after successful actions. For example, "The poll Foo was created successfully." is a message.
user = models.ForeignKey(User)
message = models.TextField(_('message'))
def __str__(self):
return self.message
class AnonymousUser(object):
id = None
username = ''
def __init__(self):
def __str__(self):
return 'AnonymousUser'
def __eq__(self, other):
return isinstance(other, self.__class__)
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __hash__(self):
return 1 # instances always return the same hash value
def save(self):
raise NotImplementedError
def delete(self):
raise NotImplementedError
def set_password(self, raw_password):
raise NotImplementedError
def check_password(self, raw_password):
raise NotImplementedError
def _get_groups(self):
raise NotImplementedError
groups = property(_get_groups)
def _get_user_permissions(self):
raise NotImplementedError
user_permissions = property(_get_user_permissions)
def has_perm(self, perm):
return False
def has_module_perms(self, module):
return False
def get_and_delete_messages(self):
return []
def is_anonymous(self):
return True
def is_authenticated(self):
return False
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