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[1.5.x] Fixed #17312 - Warned about database side effects in tests.

Thanks jcspray for the suggestion.

Backport of 7df0326 from master.
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commit 2545dc59bf44131a1f60f7393f29f025939f3a09 1 parent 6d712e0
@timgraham timgraham authored
Showing with 16 additions and 3 deletions.
  1. +16 −3 docs/topics/testing.txt
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19 docs/topics/testing.txt
@@ -115,8 +115,8 @@ Here is an example :class:`unittest.TestCase` subclass::
class AnimalTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
def setUp(self):
- self.lion = Animal.objects.create(name="lion", sound="roar")
- self.cat = Animal.objects.create(name="cat", sound="meow")
+ self.lion = Animal(name="lion", sound="roar")
+ self.cat = Animal(name="cat", sound="meow")
def test_animals_can_speak(self):
"""Animals that can speak are correctly identified"""
@@ -139,6 +139,18 @@ For more details about :mod:`unittest`, see the Python documentation.
.. _suggested organization: http://docs.python.org/library/unittest.html#organizing-tests
+.. warning::
+
+ If your tests rely on database access such as creating or querying models,
+ be sure to create your test classes as subclasses of
+ :class:`django.test.TestCase` rather than :class:`unittest.TestCase`.
+
+ In the example above, we instantiate some models but do not save them to
+ the database. Using :class:`unittest.TestCase` avoids the cost of running
+ each test in a transaction and flushing the database, but for most
+ applications the scope of tests you will be able to write this way will
+ be fairly limited, so it's easiest to use :class:`django.test.TestCase`.
+
Writing doctests
----------------
@@ -343,7 +355,7 @@ This convenience method sets up the test database, and puts other
Django features into modes that allow for repeatable testing.
The call to :meth:`~django.test.utils.setup_test_environment` is made
-automatically as part of the setup of `./manage.py test`. You only
+automatically as part of the setup of ``./manage.py test``. You only
need to manually invoke this method if you're not using running your
tests via Django's test runner.
@@ -1382,6 +1394,7 @@ attribute::
def test_my_stuff(self):
# Here self.client is an instance of MyTestClient...
+ call_some_test_code()
.. _topics-testing-fixtures:
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