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[1.6.x] Fixed #22343 -- Disallowed select_for_update in autocommit mode

The ticket was originally about two failing tests, which are
fixed by putting their queries in transactions.

Thanks Tim Graham for the report, Aymeric Augustin for the fix,
and Simon Charette, Tim Graham & Loïc Bistuer for review.

Backport of b990df1d63 from master
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1 parent 6fa7d7c commit 690a5984a3c0a706b8cc296bdcccd524b2079559 @shaib shaib committed
4 django/db/models/sql/
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
from django.db.models.sql.datastructures import EmptyResultSet
from django.db.models.sql.expressions import SQLEvaluator
from django.db.models.sql.query import get_order_dir, Query
+from django.db.transaction import TransactionManagementError
from django.db.utils import DatabaseError
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.six.moves import zip
@@ -142,6 +143,9 @@ def as_sql(self, with_limits=True, with_col_aliases=False):
result.append('OFFSET %d' % self.query.low_mark)
if self.query.select_for_update and self.connection.features.has_select_for_update:
+ if self.connection.get_autocommit():
+ raise TransactionManagementError("select_for_update cannot be used outside of a transaction.")
# If we've been asked for a NOWAIT query but the backend does not support it,
# raise a DatabaseError otherwise we could get an unexpected deadlock.
nowait = self.query.select_for_update_nowait
10 docs/ref/models/querysets.txt
@@ -1314,9 +1314,19 @@ do not support ``nowait``, such as MySQL, will cause a
:exc:`~django.db.DatabaseError` to be raised. This is in order to prevent code
unexpectedly blocking.
+Executing a queryset with ``select_for_update`` in autocommit mode is
+an error because the rows are then not locked. If allowed, this would
+facilitate data corruption, and could easily be caused by calling,
+outside of any transaction, code that expects to be run in one.
Using ``select_for_update`` on backends which do not support
``SELECT ... FOR UPDATE`` (such as SQLite) will have no effect.
+.. versionchanged:: 1.6.3
+ It is now an error to execute a query with ``select_for_update()`` in
+ autocommit mode. With earlier releases in the 1.6 series it was a no-op.
Methods that do not return QuerySets
28 docs/releases/1.6.3.txt
@@ -5,7 +5,33 @@ Django 1.6.3 release notes
*Under development*
This is Django 1.6.3, a bugfix release for Django 1.6. Django 1.6.3 fixes
-several bugs in 1.6.2:
+several bugs in 1.6.2 and makes one backwards-incompatible change:
+``select_for_update()`` requires a transaction
+Historically, queries that use
+:meth:`~django.db.models.query.QuerySet.select_for_update()` could be
+executed in autocommit mode, outside of a transaction. Before Django
+1.6, Django's automatic transactions mode allowed this to be used to
+lock records until the next write operation. Django 1.6 introduced
+database-level autocommit; since then, execution in such a context
+voids the effect of ``select_for_update()``. It is, therefore, assumed
+now to be an error, and raises an exception.
+This change may cause test failures if you use ``select_for_update()``
+in a test class which is a subclass of
+:class:`~django.test.TransactionTestCase` rather than
+This change was made because such errors can be caused by including an
+app which expects global transactions (e.g. :setting:`ATOMIC_REQUESTS
+<DATABASE-ATOMIC_REQUESTS>` set to True), or Django's old autocommit
+behavior, in a project which runs without them; and further, such
+errors may manifest as data-corruption bugs.
+Other bugfixes and changes
* Content retrieved from the GeoIP library is now properly decoded from its
default ``iso-8859-1`` encoding
5 docs/topics/db/transactions.txt
@@ -722,7 +722,10 @@ Select for update
If you were relying on "automatic transactions" to provide locking between
:meth:`~django.db.models.query.QuerySet.select_for_update` and a subsequent
write operation — an extremely fragile design, but nonetheless possible — you
-must wrap the relevant code in :func:`atomic`.
+must wrap the relevant code in :func:`atomic`. Since Django 1.6.3, executing
+a query with :meth:`~django.db.models.query.QuerySet.select_for_update` in
+autocommit mode will raise a
Using a high isolation level
28 tests/select_for_update/
@@ -151,6 +151,34 @@ def test_unsupported_nowait_raises_error(self):
+ @skipUnlessDBFeature('has_select_for_update')
+ def test_for_update_requires_transaction(self):
+ """
+ Test that a TransactionManagementError is raised
+ when a select_for_update query is executed outside of a transaction.
+ """
+ transaction.set_autocommit(True)
+ try:
+ with self.assertRaises(transaction.TransactionManagementError):
+ list(Person.objects.all().select_for_update())
+ finally:
+ transaction.set_autocommit(True)
+ @skipUnlessDBFeature('has_select_for_update')
+ def test_for_update_requires_transaction_only_in_execution(self):
+ """
+ Test that no TransactionManagementError is raised
+ when select_for_update is invoked outside of a transaction -
+ only when the query is executed.
+ """
+ transaction.set_autocommit(True)
+ try:
+ people = Person.objects.all().select_for_update()
+ with self.assertRaises(transaction.TransactionManagementError):
+ list(people)
+ finally:
+ transaction.set_autocommit(True)
def run_select_for_update(self, status, nowait=False):
Utility method that runs a SELECT FOR UPDATE against all

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