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Deprecated depth kwarg on select_related.

This is the start of a deprecation path for the depth kwarg on
select_related. Removing this will allow us to update select_related so
it chains properly and have an API similar to prefetch_related.

Thanks to Marc Tamlyn for spearheading and initial patch.

refs #16855
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1 parent 7b57a72 commit 965cc0b1ffa27574e5684a18f9400577e5b4598d @ptone ptone committed
4 django/db/models/
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
import copy
import itertools
import sys
+import warnings
from django.core import exceptions
from django.db import connections, router, transaction, IntegrityError
@@ -698,6 +699,9 @@ def select_related(self, *fields, **kwargs):
If fields are specified, they must be ForeignKey fields and only those
related objects are included in the selection.
+ if 'depth' in kwargs:
+ warnings.warn('The "depth" keyword argument has been deprecated.\n'
+ 'Use related field names instead.', PendingDeprecationWarning)
depth = kwargs.pop('depth', 0)
if kwargs:
raise TypeError('Unexpected keyword arguments to select_related: %s'
3  docs/internals/deprecation.txt
@@ -298,6 +298,9 @@ these changes.
* The ```` script will be removed.
+* The ``depth`` keyword argument will be removed from
+ :meth:`~django.db.models.query.QuerySet.select_related`.
30 docs/ref/models/querysets.txt
@@ -676,21 +676,12 @@ Note that, by default, ``select_related()`` does not follow foreign keys that
have ``null=True``.
Usually, using ``select_related()`` can vastly improve performance because your
-app can avoid many database calls. However, in situations with deeply nested
-sets of relationships ``select_related()`` can sometimes end up following "too
-many" relations, and can generate queries so large that they end up being slow.
+app can avoid many database calls. However, there are times you are only
+interested in specific related models, or have deeply nested sets of
+relationships, and in these cases ``select_related()`` can can be optimized by
+explicitly passing the related field names you are interested in. Only
+the specified relations will be followed.
-In these situations, you can use the ``depth`` argument to ``select_related()``
-to control how many "levels" of relations ``select_related()`` will actually
- b = Book.objects.select_related(depth=1).get(id=4)
- p = # Doesn't hit the database.
- c = p.hometown # Requires a database call.
-Sometimes you only want to access specific models that are related to your root
-model, not all of the related models. In these cases, you can pass the related
-field names to ``select_related()`` and it will only follow those relations.
You can even do this for models that are more than one relation away by
separating the field names with double underscores, just as for filters. For
example, if you have this model::
@@ -730,6 +721,17 @@ You can also refer to the reverse direction of a
is defined. Instead of specifying the field name, use the :attr:`related_name
<django.db.models.ForeignKey.related_name>` for the field on the related object.
+.. deprecated:: 1.5
+ The ``depth`` parameter to ``select_related()`` has been deprecated. You
+ should replace it with the use of the ``(*fields)`` listing specific
+ related fields instead as documented above.
+A depth limit of relationships to follow can also be specified::
+ b = Book.objects.select_related(depth=1).get(id=4)
+ p = # Doesn't hit the database.
+ c = p.hometown # Requires a database call.
A :class:`~django.db.models.OneToOneField` is not traversed in the reverse
direction if you are performing a depth-based ``select_related()`` call.
7 docs/releases/1.5.txt
@@ -638,3 +638,10 @@ The :djadmin:`cleanup` management command has been deprecated and replaced by
The undocumented ```` script has been deprecated. Use the
:djadmin:`clearsessions` management command instead.
+``depth`` keyword argument in ``select_related``
+The ``depth`` keyword argument in
+:meth:`~django.db.models.query.QuerySet.select_related` has been deprecated.
+You should use field names instead.

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