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Fixed #11010 - Add a foundation for object permissions to authenticat…

…ion backends. Thanks to Florian Apolloner for writing the initial patch.

git-svn-id: http://code.djangoproject.com/svn/django/trunk@11807 bcc190cf-cafb-0310-a4f2-bffc1f526a37
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commit 9bf652dfd6a738fd841471f6abd71cba1b206d9f 1 parent 2c2f5ae
@jezdez jezdez authored
View
7 django/contrib/auth/__init__.py
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
import datetime
+from warnings import warn
from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured
from django.utils.importlib import import_module
@@ -19,6 +20,12 @@ def load_backend(path):
cls = getattr(mod, attr)
except AttributeError:
raise ImproperlyConfigured, 'Module "%s" does not define a "%s" authentication backend' % (module, attr)
+ try:
+ getattr(cls, 'supports_object_permissions')
+ except AttributeError:
+ warn("Authentication backends without a `supports_object_permissions` attribute are deprecated. Please define it in %s." % cls,
+ PendingDeprecationWarning)
+ cls.supports_object_permissions = False
return cls()
def get_backends():
View
2  django/contrib/auth/backends.py
@@ -11,6 +11,8 @@ class ModelBackend(object):
"""
Authenticates against django.contrib.auth.models.User.
"""
+ supports_object_permissions = False
+
# TODO: Model, login attribute name and password attribute name should be
# configurable.
def authenticate(self, username=None, password=None):
View
57 django/contrib/auth/models.py
@@ -121,7 +121,8 @@ def make_random_password(self, length=10, allowed_chars='abcdefghjkmnpqrstuvwxyz
return ''.join([choice(allowed_chars) for i in range(length)])
class User(models.Model):
- """Users within the Django authentication system are represented by this model.
+ """
+ Users within the Django authentication system are represented by this model.
Username and password are required. Other fields are optional.
"""
@@ -151,11 +152,16 @@ def get_absolute_url(self):
return "/users/%s/" % urllib.quote(smart_str(self.username))
def is_anonymous(self):
- "Always returns False. This is a way of comparing User objects to anonymous users."
+ """
+ Always returns False. This is a way of comparing User objects to
+ anonymous users.
+ """
return False
def is_authenticated(self):
- """Always return True. This is a way to tell if the user has been authenticated in templates.
+ """
+ Always return True. This is a way to tell if the user has been
+ authenticated in templates.
"""
return True
@@ -194,30 +200,41 @@ def set_unusable_password(self):
def has_usable_password(self):
return self.password != UNUSABLE_PASSWORD
- def get_group_permissions(self):
+ def get_group_permissions(self, obj=None):
"""
Returns a list of permission strings that this user has through
his/her groups. This method queries all available auth backends.
+ If an object is passed in, only permissions matching this object
+ are returned.
"""
permissions = set()
for backend in auth.get_backends():
if hasattr(backend, "get_group_permissions"):
- permissions.update(backend.get_group_permissions(self))
+ if obj is not None and backend.supports_object_permissions:
+ group_permissions = backend.get_group_permissions(self, obj)
+ else:
+ group_permissions = backend.get_group_permissions(self)
+ permissions.update(group_permissions)
return permissions
- def get_all_permissions(self):
+ def get_all_permissions(self, obj=None):
permissions = set()
for backend in auth.get_backends():
if hasattr(backend, "get_all_permissions"):
- permissions.update(backend.get_all_permissions(self))
+ if obj is not None and backend.supports_object_permissions:
+ all_permissions = backend.get_all_permissions(self, obj)
+ else:
+ all_permissions = backend.get_all_permissions(self)
+ permissions.update(all_permissions)
return permissions
- def has_perm(self, perm):
+ def has_perm(self, perm, obj=None):
"""
Returns True if the user has the specified permission. This method
queries all available auth backends, but returns immediately if any
backend returns True. Thus, a user who has permission from a single
- auth backend is assumed to have permission in general.
+ auth backend is assumed to have permission in general. If an object
+ is provided, permissions for this specific object are checked.
"""
# Inactive users have no permissions.
if not self.is_active:
@@ -230,14 +247,22 @@ def has_perm(self, perm):
# Otherwise we need to check the backends.
for backend in auth.get_backends():
if hasattr(backend, "has_perm"):
- if backend.has_perm(self, perm):
- return True
+ if obj is not None and backend.supports_object_permissions:
+ if backend.has_perm(self, perm, obj):
+ return True
+ else:
+ if backend.has_perm(self, perm):
+ return True
return False
- def has_perms(self, perm_list):
- """Returns True if the user has each of the specified permissions."""
+ def has_perms(self, perm_list, obj=None):
+ """
+ Returns True if the user has each of the specified permissions.
+ If object is passed, it checks if the user has all required perms
+ for this object.
+ """
for perm in perm_list:
- if not self.has_perm(perm):
+ if not self.has_perm(perm, obj):
return False
return True
@@ -358,10 +383,10 @@ def _get_user_permissions(self):
return self._user_permissions
user_permissions = property(_get_user_permissions)
- def has_perm(self, perm):
+ def has_perm(self, perm, obj=None):
return False
- def has_perms(self, perm_list):
+ def has_perms(self, perm_list, obj=None):
return False
def has_module_perms(self, module):
View
1  django/contrib/auth/tests/__init__.py
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
from django.contrib.auth.tests.forms import FORM_TESTS
from django.contrib.auth.tests.remote_user \
import RemoteUserTest, RemoteUserNoCreateTest, RemoteUserCustomTest
+from django.contrib.auth.tests.auth_backends import BackendTest, RowlevelBackendTest
from django.contrib.auth.tests.tokens import TOKEN_GENERATOR_TESTS
# The password for the fixture data users is 'password'
View
149 django/contrib/auth/tests/auth_backends.py
@@ -0,0 +1,149 @@
+from django.conf import settings
+from django.contrib.auth.models import User, Group, Permission, AnonymousUser
+from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
+from django.test import TestCase
+
+
+class BackendTest(TestCase):
+
+ backend = 'django.contrib.auth.backends.ModelBackend'
+
+ def setUp(self):
+ self.curr_auth = settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS
+ settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (self.backend,)
+ User.objects.create_user('test', 'test@example.com', 'test')
+
+ def tearDown(self):
+ settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = self.curr_auth
+
+ def test_has_perm(self):
+ user = User.objects.get(username='test')
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('auth.test'), False)
+ user.is_staff = True
+ user.save()
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('auth.test'), False)
+ user.is_superuser = True
+ user.save()
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('auth.test'), True)
+ user.is_staff = False
+ user.is_superuser = False
+ user.save()
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('auth.test'), False)
+
+ def test_custom_perms(self):
+ user = User.objects.get(username='test')
+ content_type=ContentType.objects.get_for_model(Group)
+ perm = Permission.objects.create(name='test', content_type=content_type, codename='test')
+ user.user_permissions.add(perm)
+ user.save()
+
+ # reloading user to purge the _perm_cache
+ user = User.objects.get(username='test')
+ self.assertEqual(user.get_all_permissions() == set([u'auth.test']), True)
+ self.assertEqual(user.get_group_permissions(), set([]))
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_module_perms('Group'), False)
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_module_perms('auth'), True)
+ perm = Permission.objects.create(name='test2', content_type=content_type, codename='test2')
+ user.user_permissions.add(perm)
+ user.save()
+ perm = Permission.objects.create(name='test3', content_type=content_type, codename='test3')
+ user.user_permissions.add(perm)
+ user.save()
+ user = User.objects.get(username='test')
+ self.assertEqual(user.get_all_permissions(), set([u'auth.test2', u'auth.test', u'auth.test3']))
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('test'), False)
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('auth.test'), True)
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perms(['auth.test2', 'auth.test3']), True)
+ perm = Permission.objects.create(name='test_group', content_type=content_type, codename='test_group')
+ group = Group.objects.create(name='test_group')
+ group.permissions.add(perm)
+ group.save()
+ user.groups.add(group)
+ user = User.objects.get(username='test')
+ exp = set([u'auth.test2', u'auth.test', u'auth.test3', u'auth.test_group'])
+ self.assertEqual(user.get_all_permissions(), exp)
+ self.assertEqual(user.get_group_permissions(), set([u'auth.test_group']))
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perms(['auth.test3', 'auth.test_group']), True)
+
+ user = AnonymousUser()
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perm('test'), False)
+ self.assertEqual(user.has_perms(['auth.test2', 'auth.test3']), False)
+
+
+class TestObj(object):
+ pass
+
+
+class SimpleRowlevelBackend(object):
+ supports_object_permissions = True
+
+ def has_perm(self, user, perm, obj=None):
+ if not obj:
+ return # We only support row level perms
+
+ if isinstance(obj, TestObj):
+ if user.username == 'test2':
+ return True
+ elif isinstance(user, AnonymousUser) and perm == 'anon':
+ return True
+ return False
+
+ def get_all_permissions(self, user, obj=None):
+ if not obj:
+ return [] # We only support row level perms
+
+ if not isinstance(obj, TestObj):
+ return ['none']
+
+ if user.username == 'test2':
+ return ['simple', 'advanced']
+ else:
+ return ['simple']
+
+ def get_group_permissions(self, user, obj=None):
+ if not obj:
+ return # We only support row level perms
+
+ if not isinstance(obj, TestObj):
+ return ['none']
+
+ if 'test_group' in [group.name for group in user.groups.all()]:
+ return ['group_perm']
+ else:
+ return ['none']
+
+
+class RowlevelBackendTest(TestCase):
+
+ backend = 'django.contrib.auth.tests.auth_backends.SimpleRowlevelBackend'
+
+ def setUp(self):
+ self.curr_auth = settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS
+ settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = self.curr_auth + (self.backend,)
+ self.user1 = User.objects.create_user('test', 'test@example.com', 'test')
+ self.user2 = User.objects.create_user('test2', 'test2@example.com', 'test')
+ self.user3 = AnonymousUser()
+ self.user4 = User.objects.create_user('test4', 'test4@example.com', 'test')
+
+ def tearDown(self):
+ settings.AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = self.curr_auth
+
+ def test_has_perm(self):
+ self.assertEqual(self.user1.has_perm('perm', TestObj()), False)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user2.has_perm('perm', TestObj()), True)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user2.has_perm('perm'), False)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user2.has_perms(['simple', 'advanced'], TestObj()), True)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user3.has_perm('perm', TestObj()), False)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user3.has_perm('anon', TestObj()), False)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user3.has_perms(['simple', 'advanced'], TestObj()), False)
+
+ def test_get_all_permissions(self):
+ self.assertEqual(self.user1.get_all_permissions(TestObj()), set(['simple']))
+ self.assertEqual(self.user2.get_all_permissions(TestObj()), set(['simple', 'advanced']))
+ self.assertEqual(self.user2.get_all_permissions(), set([]))
+
+ def test_get_group_permissions(self):
+ content_type=ContentType.objects.get_for_model(Group)
+ group = Group.objects.create(name='test_group')
+ self.user4.groups.add(group)
+ self.assertEqual(self.user4.get_group_permissions(TestObj()), set(['group_perm']))
View
8 docs/internals/deprecation.txt
@@ -13,6 +13,10 @@ their deprecation, as per the :ref:`Django deprecation policy
hooking up admin URLs. This has been deprecated since the 1.1
release.
+ * Authentication backends need to define the boolean attribute
+ ``supports_object_permissions``. The old backend style is deprecated
+ since the 1.2 release.
+
* 1.4
* ``CsrfResponseMiddleware``. This has been deprecated since the 1.2
release, in favour of the template tag method for inserting the CSRF
@@ -36,6 +40,10 @@ their deprecation, as per the :ref:`Django deprecation policy
:ref:`messages framework <ref-contrib-messages>` should be used
instead.
+ * Authentication backends need to support the ``obj`` parameter for
+ permission checking. The ``supports_object_permissions`` variable
+ is not checked any longer and can be removed.
+
* 2.0
* ``django.views.defaults.shortcut()``. This function has been moved
to ``django.contrib.contenttypes.views.shortcut()`` as part of the
View
49 docs/topics/auth.txt
@@ -202,29 +202,49 @@ Methods
:meth:`~django.contrib.auth.models.User.set_unusable_password()` has
been called for this user.
- .. method:: models.User.get_group_permissions()
+ .. method:: models.User.get_group_permissions(obj=None)
Returns a list of permission strings that the user has, through his/her
groups.
- .. method:: models.User.get_all_permissions()
+ .. versionadded:: 1.2
+
+ If ``obj`` is passed in, only returns the group permissions for
+ this specific object.
+
+ .. method:: models.User.get_all_permissions(obj=None)
Returns a list of permission strings that the user has, both through
group and user permissions.
- .. method:: models.User.has_perm(perm)
+ .. versionadded:: 1.2
+
+ If ``obj`` is passed in, only returns the permissions for this
+ specific object.
+
+ .. method:: models.User.has_perm(perm, obj=None)
Returns ``True`` if the user has the specified permission, where perm is
in the format ``"<app label>.<permission codename>"``.
If the user is inactive, this method will always return ``False``.
- .. method:: models.User.has_perms(perm_list)
+ .. versionadded:: 1.2
+
+ If ``obj`` is passed in, this method won't check for a permission for
+ the model, but for this specific object.
+
+ .. method:: models.User.has_perms(perm_list, obj=None)
Returns ``True`` if the user has each of the specified permissions,
where each perm is in the format
``"<app label>.<permission codename>"``. If the user is inactive,
this method will always return ``False``.
+ .. versionadded:: 1.2
+
+ If ``obj`` is passed in, this method won't check for permissions for
+ the model, but for the specific object.
+
.. method:: models.User.has_module_perms(package_name)
Returns ``True`` if the user has any permissions in the given package
@@ -1521,3 +1541,24 @@ A full authorization implementation can be found in
the ``auth_permission`` table most of the time.
.. _django/contrib/auth/backends.py: http://code.djangoproject.com/browser/django/trunk/django/contrib/auth/backends.py
+
+Handling object permissions
+---------------------------
+
+Django's permission framework has a foundation for object permissions, though
+there is no implementation for it in the core. That means that checking for
+object permissions will always return ``False`` or an empty list (depending on
+the check performed).
+
+To enable object permissions in your own
+:ref:`authentication backend <ref-authentication-backends>` you'll just have
+to allow passing an ``obj`` parameter to the permission methods and set the
+``supports_objects_permissions`` class attribute to ``True``.
+
+A nonexistent ``supports_objects_permissions`` will raise a hidden
+``PendingDeprecationWarning`` if used in Django 1.2. In Django 1.3, this
+warning will be upgraded to a ``DeprecationWarning``, which will be displayed
+loudly. Additionally ``supports_objects_permissions`` will be set to ``False``.
+Django 1.4 will assume that every backend supports object permissions and
+won't check for the existence of ``supports_objects_permissions``, which
+means not supporting ``obj`` as a parameter will raise a ``TypeError``.
View
0  tests/regressiontests/auth_backends/__init__.py
No changes.
View
0  tests/regressiontests/auth_backends/models.py
No changes.
View
78 tests/regressiontests/auth_backends/tests.py
@@ -1,78 +0,0 @@
-try:
- set
-except NameError:
- from sets import Set as set # Python 2.3 fallback
-
-__test__ = {'API_TESTS': """
->>> from django.contrib.auth.models import User, Group, Permission, AnonymousUser
->>> from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
-
-# No Permissions assigned yet, should return False except for superuser
-
->>> user = User.objects.create_user('test', 'test@example.com', 'test')
->>> user.has_perm("auth.test")
-False
->>> user.is_staff=True
->>> user.save()
->>> user.has_perm("auth.test")
-False
->>> user.is_superuser=True
->>> user.save()
->>> user.has_perm("auth.test")
-True
->>> user.is_staff = False
->>> user.is_superuser = False
->>> user.save()
->>> user.has_perm("auth.test")
-False
->>> content_type=ContentType.objects.get_for_model(Group)
->>> perm = Permission.objects.create(name="test", content_type=content_type, codename="test")
->>> user.user_permissions.add(perm)
->>> user.save()
-
-# reloading user to purge the _perm_cache
-
->>> user = User.objects.get(username="test")
->>> user.get_all_permissions() == set([u'auth.test'])
-True
->>> user.get_group_permissions() == set([])
-True
->>> user.has_module_perms("Group")
-False
->>> user.has_module_perms("auth")
-True
->>> perm = Permission.objects.create(name="test2", content_type=content_type, codename="test2")
->>> user.user_permissions.add(perm)
->>> user.save()
->>> perm = Permission.objects.create(name="test3", content_type=content_type, codename="test3")
->>> user.user_permissions.add(perm)
->>> user.save()
->>> user = User.objects.get(username="test")
->>> user.get_all_permissions() == set([u'auth.test2', u'auth.test', u'auth.test3'])
-True
->>> user.has_perm('test')
-False
->>> user.has_perm('auth.test')
-True
->>> user.has_perms(['auth.test2', 'auth.test3'])
-True
->>> perm = Permission.objects.create(name="test_group", content_type=content_type, codename="test_group")
->>> group = Group.objects.create(name='test_group')
->>> group.permissions.add(perm)
->>> group.save()
->>> user.groups.add(group)
->>> user = User.objects.get(username="test")
->>> exp = set([u'auth.test2', u'auth.test', u'auth.test3', u'auth.test_group'])
->>> user.get_all_permissions() == exp
-True
->>> user.get_group_permissions() == set([u'auth.test_group'])
-True
->>> user.has_perms(['auth.test3', 'auth.test_group'])
-True
-
->>> user = AnonymousUser()
->>> user.has_perm('test')
-False
->>> user.has_perms(['auth.test2', 'auth.test3'])
-False
-"""}
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