Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

iOS In-App Purchase Validation - improved and modular version of Apple's VerificationController

branch: master
README.md

iap_validation

In July 2012, a Russian hacker identified a vulnerability in the In-App Purchase system and released it into the wild. Apple responded with TP40012484, "In-App Purchase Receipt Validation on iOS," which included VerificationController, a mostly-complete singleton class to perform validation.

Apple's VerificationController requires making a number of changes within the code and adding your own callbacks and base64 implementation. This small collection of classes is based on it and provides a simple delegate-based system to perform validation.

It's in the public domain with USE_CODE_REQUIRING_ATTRIBUTION not defined in RRBase64Manager. If it is defined, which is the default, a more efficient base64 implementation which does require attribution will be used; see that file for details.

Use

This example assumes that your SKPaymentTransactionObserver conformant class will also implement RRVerificationControllerDelegate.

You'll need your iTunes Connect In App Purchase Shared Secret, which you can find/generate via iTunes Connect -> Manage Apps -> your app -> Manage In App Purchases.

 #define MY_SHARED_SECRET   @"1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef"

- (void)paymentQueue:(id)queue updatedTransactions:(NSArray *)transactions
{
    [RRVerificationController sharedInstance].itcContentProviderSharedSecret = MY_SHARED_SECRET;

    for (SKPaymentTransaction *transaction in transactions)
    {
        switch ([transaction transactionState])
        {
            case SKPaymentTransactionStatePurchasing:
                break;
            case SKPaymentTransactionStatePurchased:
                 /* If verification is successful, the delegate's verificationControllerDidVerifyPurchase:isValid: method will be called to take appropriate action and complete the transaction */
                if ([[RRVerificationController sharedInstance] verifyPurchase:transaction
                                                                 withDelegate:self
                                                                        error:NULL] == FALSE) {
                    [self failedTransaction:transaction];
                }
                break;
            case SKPaymentTransactionStateFailed:
                [self failedTransaction:transaction];
                break;
            case SKPaymentTransactionStateRestored:
                /* If verification is successful, the delegate's verificationControllerDidVerifyPurchase:isValid: method will be called to take appropriate action and complete the transaction */
                if ([[RRVerificationController sharedInstance] verifyPurchase:transaction
                                                                 withDelegate:self
                                                                        error:NULL] == FALSE) {
                    [self failedTransaction:transaction];
                }
            default:
                break;
        }
    }
}

RRVerificationControllerDelegate is implemented like so:

- (void)completeTransaction:(SKPaymentTransaction *)transaction 
{
 /* Handled a completed and verified new transcation */
}

- (void)restoreTransaction:(SKPaymentTransaction *)transaction 
{
 /* Handled a completed and verified restored transcation.
  * For many use cases this is simply [self completeTransaction:transaction]
  */
}

/*!
 * @brief Verification with Apple's server completed successfully
 *
 * @param transaction The transaction being verified
 * @param isValid YES if Apple reported the transaction was valid; NO if Apple said it was not valid or if the server's validation reply was inconsistent with validity
 */
 - (void)verificationControllerDidVerifyPurchase:(SKPaymentTransaction *)transaction isValid:(BOOL)isValid
 {
    if (isValid) {
       switch (transaction.transactionState) {
            case SKPaymentTransactionStatePurchased:
                [self completeTransaction:transaction];
                break;
            case SKPaymentTransactionStateRestored:
                [self restoreTransaction:transaction];
            default:
                break;
        }

    } else
        [self displayFailureMessage];

    if (transaction.transactionState != SKPaymentTransactionStatePurchasing)
        [[SKPaymentQueue defaultQueue] finishTransaction:transaction];
 }

 /*!
  * @brief The attempt at verification could not be completed
  *
  * This does not mean that Apple reported the transaction was invalid, but
  * rather indicates a communication failure, a server error, or the like.
  *
  * @param transaction The transaction being verified
  * @param error An NSError describing the error. May be nil if the cause of the error was unknown (or if nobody has written code to report an NSError for that failure...)
  */
 - (void)verificationControllerDidFailToVerifyPurchase:(SKPaymentTransaction *)transaction error:(NSError *)error
 {
    NSString *message = NSLocalizedString(@"Your purchase could not be verified with Apple's servers. Please try again later.", nil);
    if (error) {
        message = [message stringByAppendingString:@"\n\n"];
        message = [message stringByAppendingFormat:NSLocalizedString(@"The error was: %@.", nil), error.localizedDescription];
    }

    [[[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"Purchase Verification Failed", nil)
        message:message
        delegate:nil
        cancelButtonTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"Dismiss", nil)
        otherButtonTitles:nil] show];
 }

Everything else is handled automatically; just put your own logic in performUpgrade, failedTransaction:, and displayFailureMessage, with no changes needed to the verification controller code.

These classes are intended to be compiled with ARC enabled. Be sure to specify -fobjc-arc in the 'Compile Sources' Build Phase for each file if you aren't using ARC project-wide

You'll need to link against Security.framework to use the classes.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.