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npm npm npm [!Node CI All Contributors

node-env-run logo

node-env-run

Command-line tool to read .env files and execute scripts/commands after loading those environment variables

  • Uses dotenv under the hood
  • Easy to configure
  • Flexible command to execute
  • Let's you override existing environment variables

node-env-run example screenshot. Code below in Documentation section

Installation

Install per project:

I recommend installing this module as a devDependency for the respective project.

Install via yarn:

yarn add node-env-run --dev

Install via npm:

npm install node-env-run --save-dev

Install globally:

You can alternatively install the module globally if you want to:

npm install node-env-run --global

Usage

Add a new scripts entry to your package.json. Example:

{
  "scripts": {
    "dev": "nodenv .",
    "test": "nodenv -E test/.env test/test.js"
  }
}

Or use it with npx:

npx node-env-run .

Documentation

This module uses under the hood the dotenv module to parse the .env file. For more information about how to structure your .env file, please refer to its documentation.

Usage examples:

Start up the main file in package.json with the enviornment variables from .env:

nodenv .
More examples:

Start Node.js REPL with set environment variables from .env.repl:

nodenv -E .env.repl

Run Python file with overridden environment variables:

nodenv app.py --exec python --force

Run server.js file using nodemon:

nodenv server.js --exec nodemon

Pass --inspect flag for debugging after --:

nodenv someScript -- --inspect

Arguments

You can pass node-env-run a variety of arguments. These are the currently supported arguments:

Flag Type Description
--encoding string Lets you specify the encoding of the .env file. Defaults to utf8 encoding.
--env or
-E
string Specifies the path to the .env file that should be read
--exec or
-e
string This lets you specify a command other than node to execute the script with. More in the next section.
--force or -f boolean Flag to temporarily override existing environment variables with the ones in the .env file
--help boolean Displays the usage/help instructions
--verbose boolean Flag to enable more verbose logging
--version boolean Displays the current version of the package

Using node-env-run with other executables

You can use node-env-run with other executables. This is particularly useful if you try to combine it with things like babel-node or ts-node:

nodenv index.ts --exec "ts-node"

However, you can also use it with completely unrelated executables such as python:

nodenv app.py --exec python

Caveats & Limitations

Additional Arguments

If you want to pass additional flags/arguments to the script you are executing using node-env-run, you can use the empty -- argument and follow it with any arguments you'd want to pass. For example:

nodenv index.js --exec "ts-node" -- --log-level debug

--log-level debug will be passed to index.js.

If you want to do the same with a REPL like node or python you'll have to specify REPL explictly, due to some parsing behavior of yargs. For example:

nodenv REPL --exec node -- -e "console.log('hello world!')"

Using Quotes and Escaping Characters

Using quotes for escaping special characters should generally work out of the box. However, there is one edge case if you are trying to use double quotes (") inside and want to preserve it. In that case you'll have to double escape it due to some inner workings of Node.js. For example:

nodenv REPL --exec echo -- 'A common greeting is "Hello World"'
# outputs: A common greeting is Hello World

nodenv REPL --exec echo -- 'A common greeting is \"Hello World\"'
# outputs: A common greeting is "Hello World"

Similarly if you want to avoid variables to be interpolated you'll have to escape the $ separately. For example:

nodenv REPL --exec echo -- '$PATH'
# outputs your actual values stored in $PATH

nodenv REPL --exec echo -- '\$PATH'
# outputs: $PATH

Contributors


Dominik Kundel

πŸ’»

License

MIT

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πŸƒ Node script to load .env variables and execute the give Node file afterwards

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