A plugin for Foreman that allows Foreman to act as a distributed lock manager.
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README.md

Foreman Distributed Lock Manager

This is a plugin for Foreman that allows Foreman to act as a distributed lock manager. Updates are key to security, but updates of an operating system are hard to apply and existing tools are hard to manage at scale. This might lead to a large drift between important security updates becoming available and all your hosts being successfully patched. Security experts recommend to install updates as soon as they come available. The ability to easily update software is the most effective way to improve server security. Automation is key to ensure this goal is reached. This plug-in aims to provide painless updates of the operating system. This keeps your company more secure and frees up resources of your operations team for more important tasks.

With this plugin servers can acquire a lock in Foreman to ensure only one server in a cluster installs updates at the same time. This can successfully prevent service disruptions.

Compatibility

Foreman Version Plugin Version
>= 1.15 ~> 0.1
>= 1.17 ~> 1.0

Installation

See Plugins install instructions for how to install Foreman plugins. On Enterprise Linux, you need to install the package tfm-rubygem-foreman_dlm.

Usage

Servers are identified by their puppet certificates. Support for using subscription-manager certificates is planned, but currently not implemented. Here you find a usage example using curl that shows how to acquire the test lock. The lock will be created if it does not exist.

curl -D - -H 'Content-Type: application/json' --key $(puppet config print hostprivkey) --cert $(puppet config print hostcert) -X PUT https://foreman.example.com/api/dlmlocks/test/lock

Use the HTTP method GET to show a lock, PUT to acquire a lock and DELETE to release a lock. Foreman will respond with the HTTP status code 200 OK if the action was successful and 412 Precondition Failed if the lock could not be acquired or release. This may happen, if the lock is taken by another host.

To process the HTTP status code in a bash script, you can do something like this:

curl --write-out %{http_code} -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -sS -o /dev/null -X PUT --key $(puppet config print hostprivkey) --cert $(puppet config print hostcert) https://foreman.example.com/api/dlmlocks/test/lock

Client setup

The Foreman plugin itself just provides a central lock manager. To setup automatic updates, you need to run a script on your clients that tries to acquire a lock in Foreman and takes care of the actual patching process. The contrib/client directory in this repo contains a basic script and systemd units that should allow you to get started. A client counterpart written in Python has been developed by the community to make it easier to use this Foreman plug-in.

Note about curl on macOS

macOS uses curl with a different ssl library which gets problematic testing the cert-signed requests. The Error: WARNING: SSL: CURLOPT_SSLKEY is ignored by Secure Transport. The private key must be in the Keychain.

A fix is described here: https://github.com/curl/curl/issues/283

$ brew install curl --with-openssl
$ brew link curl --force

After that curl --version changes from

$ curl --version
curl 7.54.0 (x86_64-apple-darwin16.0) libcurl/7.54.0 SecureTransport zlib/1.2.8

to

$ curl --version
curl 7.56.1 (x86_64-apple-darwin16.7.0) libcurl/7.56.1 OpenSSL/1.0.2m zlib/1.2.8

Contributing

Fork and send a Pull Request. Thanks!

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2018 dm-drogerie markt GmbH & Co. KG, https://dm.de

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.