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A Ruby interface for CouchDB.
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README.markdown

Introduction

CouchClient is a Ruby interface for CouchDB that provides easy configuration, state management and utility methods.

Installation

gem install couch-client

# In your ruby application
require 'couch-client'

Connecting to CouchDB

# Using hash syntax
Couch = CouchClient::Conection.new({
  :scheme   => "http",
  :host     => "localhost",
  :port     => 5984,
  :database => "sandbox",
  :username => "admin",
  :password => "nimda"
})

# Using block syntax
Couch = CouchClient::Connection.new do |c| 
  c.scheme   = "http"
  c.host     = "localhost"
  c.port     = 5984
  c.database = "sandbox"
  c.username = "admin"
  c.password = "nimda"
end

# Using both hash and block syntax
# NOTE: Hash parameters take precedence over block parameters
Couch = CouchClient::Connection.new(:username => "admin", :password => "nidma") do |c| 
  c.scheme   = "http"
  c.host     = "localhost"
  c.port     = 5984
  c.database = "sandbox"
end

Fetching a Document

# Using Hash syntax
person = Couch["a3b556796203eab59c31fa21b00043e3"]

# You can also pass options if desired
person = Couch["a3b556796203eab59c31fa21b00043e3", :attachments => true]

Getting a Document's id, rev and attachments

# A document's id
person.id # => "a3b556796203eab59c31fa21b00043e3"

# A document's rev
person.rev # => "1-6665e6330ba75e757ce1f6d793305d67"

# A document's attachments
# NOTE: This will be a CouchClient::AttachmentList, and attachments will be CouchClient::Attachment objects
person.attachments # => {"plain.txt"=>{"content_type"=>"text/plain", "revpos"=>2, "length"=>406, "stub"=>true}}

Working with a Document

# Building new documents
# person = Couch.build({:name => "alice"})

# Getting and setting fields (with indifferent access and value "stringification")
# person[:name] # => "alice"
# person[:city] = :nyc
# person["city"] # => "nyc"

# Fetching the same document on the server
person.saved_doc # => {"_id" => "7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b017ff6", "_rev" => "1-f867d6b9aa0a5c31d647d57110fa7d36", "name" => "alice"}

# Saving a document
person.save # => true
person.rev # => "2-1734c07abaf18db573706bc1db59e09d"

# Deleting a field
person.delete(:city) # => true
person[:city] # => nil

# Attaching a file (documents must be refreshed for attachments to be available)
person.attach("plain.txt", "Hello World", "plain/text") # => true
person = person.saved_doc
person.attachments # => {"plain.txt"=>{"content_type"=>"text/plain", "revpos"=>2, "length"=>406, "stub"=>true}}

# Getting attached files
attachment = person.attachments["plain.txt"]
attachment.uri # => http://localhost:5984/sandbox/7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b017ff6/plain.txt
attachment.path # => /sandbox/7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b017ff6/plain.txt
attachment.data # => "Hello World"

# Deleting a document
person.delete!
person.deleted? # => true

# Identifying a design document
person.design? # => false
c["_design/people"].design? # => true

# Identifying errors and conflicts
person.error # => {"conflict"=>"Document update conflict."}
person.error? # => true
person.conflict? # => true
person.invalid? # => false

Working with Collections

# Getting all documents
Couch.all_docs 

# Getting all documents with document fields
Couch.all_docs(:include_docs => true)

# Specifying a `key`, `startkey` or `endkey`
Couch.all_docs(:key => "7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b018e89")
Couch.all_docs(:startkey => 200)
Couch.all_docs(:endkey => [2010, 01, 01])

# Getting additional collection information
Couch.all_docs.info # => {"total_rows" => 2, "offset" => 0}

Using Design Documents

# Map views
Couch.design(:people).view(:all)

# Map views with a key
Couch.design(:people).view(:by_sex, :key => "male")

# MapReduce views
Couch.design(:people).view(:sum)

Using Show and List Functions

# Show functions
Couch.design(:people).show(:html, "7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b018e89") # => "<h1>alice</h1>"
Couch.design(:people).show(:json, "7f22af967b04d1b88212d3d26b018e89") # => {"name" => "alice"}

# List functions
Couch.design(:people).list(:json, :people, :all) # => ["alice", "bob", "charlie"]

Using FullText Search (Must Have CouchDB-Lucene Installed)

# Getting search results
Couch.design(:people).fulltext(:by_name, :q => "ali*")

# Getting additional search results information
Couch.design(:people).fulltext(:by_name, :q => "ali*").info

# Getting search index information
Couch.design(:people).fulltext(:by_name)

# Optimizing an index
Couch.design(:people).fulltext(:by_name, :optimize) # => true

# Expunging an index
Couch.design(:people).fulltext(:by_name, :expunge) # => true

Convenience Rake Tasks

CouchClient rake tasks can be enabled by adding the following to your Rakefile.

CouchClient::RakeTask.new do |c|
  c.connection  = Couch
  c.design_path = "./designs"
end

Or you can add CouchClient rake tasks to your rails app by making the following file in lib/tasks/couch.rake.

require "#{Rails.root}/config/environment"

CouchClient::RakeTask.new do |c|
  c.connection  = Couch
  c.design_path = "./app/designs"
end

You can then specify your CouchClient settings for each each environment in their respective configuration files (e.g. development.rb, test.rb and production.rb).

Two parameters are available, connection should be the actual variable used for your CouchDB interface and design_path should be the application's location where design documents will be stored.

Within the design path, you should format each design document with folders and files corresponding to the fields in your design document.

designs
├── people
│   ├── fulltext
│   │   └── by_name
│   │       └── index.js
│   ├── lists
│   │   ├── html.js
│   │   └── json.js
│   ├── shows
│   │   ├── html.js
│   │   ├── json.js
│   │   └── xml.js
│   ├── validate_on_update.js
│   └── views
│       ├── all
│       │   └── map.js
│       └── sum
│           ├── map.js
│           └── reduce.js
└── robots
    ├── fulltext
    │   └── by_name
    │       └── index.js
    ├── validate_on_update.js
    └── views
        ├── all
        │   └── map.js
        └── sum
            ├── map.js
            └── reduce.js

Once you have your design documents created, you can rum rake couch:sync, and CouchClient will create new documents, update existing documents (only if there are changes) and delete documents that no longer exist.

CouchClient also offers tasks that help in maintaining CouchDB.

# Create a database
rake couch:create

# Delete a database
rake couch:delete

# Compact a database
rake couch:compact

Performing Database Administration

# Create a database
Couch.database.create

# See if a database exists
Couch.database.exists?

# Get database stats
Couch.database.stats

# Compact the database
Couch.database.compact!

# Delete the database
Couch.databse.delete!
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