Package graphql provides a GraphQL client implementation.
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graphql.go
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README.md

graphql

Build Status GoDoc

Package graphql provides a GraphQL client implementation.

For more information, see package github.com/shurcooL/githubql, which is a specialized version targeting GitHub GraphQL API v4. That package is driving the feature development.

Status: In active early research and development. The API will change when opportunities for improvement are discovered; it is not yet frozen.

Installation

graphql requires Go version 1.8 or later.

go get -u github.com/dbmedialab/go-graphql-client

Usage

Construct a GraphQL client, specifying the GraphQL server URL. Then, you can use it to make GraphQL queries and mutations.

client := graphql.NewClient("https://example.com/graphql", nil)
// Use client...

Authentication

Some GraphQL servers may require authentication. The graphql package does not directly handle authentication. Instead, when creating a new client, you're expected to pass an http.Client that performs authentication. The easiest and recommended way to do this is to use the golang.org/x/oauth2 package. You'll need an OAuth token with the right scopes. Then:

import "golang.org/x/oauth2"

func main() {
	src := oauth2.StaticTokenSource(
		&oauth2.Token{AccessToken: os.Getenv("GRAPHQL_TOKEN")},
	)
	httpClient := oauth2.NewClient(context.Background(), src)

	client := graphql.NewClient("https://example.com/graphql", httpClient)
	// Use client...

Simple Query

To make a GraphQL query, you need to define a corresponding Go type.

For example, to make the following GraphQL query:

query {
	me {
		name
	}
}

You can define this variable:

var query struct {
	Me struct {
		Name graphql.String
	}
}

Then call client.Query, passing a pointer to it:

err := client.Query(context.Background(), &query, nil)
if err != nil {
	// Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(query.Me.Name)

// Output: Luke Skywalker

Arguments and Variables

Often, you'll want to specify arguments on some fields. You can use the graphql struct field tag for this.

For example, to make the following GraphQL query:

{
	human(id: "1000") {
		name
		height(unit: METER)
	}
}

You can define this variable:

var q struct {
	Human struct {
		Name   graphql.String
		Height graphql.Float `graphql:"height(unit: METER)"`
	} `graphql:"human(id: \"1000\")"`
}

Then call client.Query:

err := client.Query(context.Background(), &q, nil)
if err != nil {
	// Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(q.Human.Name)
fmt.Println(q.Human.Height)

// Output:
// Luke Skywalker
// 1.72

However, that'll only work if the arguments are constant and known in advance. Otherwise, you will need to make use of variables. Replace the constants in the struct field tag with variable names:

var q struct {
	Human struct {
		Name   graphql.String
		Height graphql.Float `graphql:"height(unit: $unit)"`
	} `graphql:"human(id: $id)"`
}

Then, define a variables map with their values:

variables := map[string]interface{}{
	"id":   graphql.ID(id),
	"unit": starwars.LengthUnit("METER"),
}

Finally, call client.Query providing variables:

err := client.Query(context.Background(), &q, variables)
if err != nil {
	// Handle error.
}

Inline Fragments

Some GraphQL queries contain inline fragments. You can use the graphql struct field tag to express them.

For example, to make the following GraphQL query:

{
	hero(episode: "JEDI") {
		name
		... on Droid {
			primaryFunction
		}
		... on Human {
			height
		}
	}
}

You can define this variable:

var q struct {
	Hero struct {
		Name  graphql.String
		Droid struct {
			PrimaryFunction graphql.String
		} `graphql:"... on Droid"`
		Human struct {
			Height graphql.Float
		} `graphql:"... on Human"`
	} `graphql:"hero(episode: \"JEDI\")"`
}

Alternatively, you can define the struct types corresponding to inline fragments, and use them as embedded fields in your query:

type (
	DroidFragment struct {
		PrimaryFunction graphql.String
	}
	HumanFragment struct {
		Height graphql.Float
	}
)

var q struct {
	Hero struct {
		Name          graphql.String
		DroidFragment `graphql:"... on Droid"`
		HumanFragment `graphql:"... on Human"`
	} `graphql:"hero(episode: \"JEDI\")"`
}

Then call client.Query:

err := client.Query(context.Background(), &q, nil)
if err != nil {
	// Handle error.
}
fmt.Println(q.Hero.Name)
fmt.Println(q.Hero.PrimaryFunction)
fmt.Println(q.Hero.Height)

// Output:
// R2-D2
// Astromech
// 0

Mutations

Mutations often require information that you can only find out by performing a query first. Let's suppose you've already done that.

For example, to make the following GraphQL mutation:

mutation($ep: Episode!, $review: ReviewInput!) {
	createReview(episode: $ep, review: $review) {
		stars
		commentary
	}
}
variables {
	"ep": "JEDI",
	"review": {
		"stars": 5,
		"commentary": "This is a great movie!"
	}
}

You can define:

var m struct {
	CreateReview struct {
		Stars      graphql.Int
		Commentary graphql.String
	} `graphql:"createReview(episode: $ep, review: $review)"`
}
variables := map[string]interface{}{
	"ep": starwars.Episode("JEDI"),
	"review": starwars.ReviewInput{
		Stars:      graphql.Int(5),
		Commentary: graphql.String("This is a great movie!"),
	},
}

Then call client.Mutate:

err := client.Mutate(context.Background(), &m, variables)
if err != nil {
	// Handle error.
}
fmt.Printf("Created a %v star review: %v\n", m.CreateReview.Stars, m.CreateReview.Commentary)

// Output:
// Created a 5 star review: This is a great movie!

Directories

Path Synopsis
example/graphqldev graphqldev is a test program currently being used for developing graphql package.
ident Package ident provides functions for parsing and converting identifier names between various naming convention.
internal/jsonutil Package jsonutil provides a function for decoding JSON into a GraphQL query data structure.

License