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ODIFF

The fastest* (one-thread) pixel-by-pixel image difference tool in the world.

made with reason npm

Why Odiff?

ODiff is a blazing fast native image comparison tool. Check benchmarks for the results, but it compares the visual difference between 2 images in milliseconds. It was originally designed to handle the "big" images. Thanks to OCaml and its speedy and predictable compiler we can significantly speed up your CI pipeline.

Demo

base comparison diff
1diff
1diff
1diff

Features

  • Cross-format comparison - Yes .jpg vs .png comparison without any problems.
  • Supports comparison of images with different layouts.
  • Anti-aliasing detection
  • Ignoring regions
  • Using YIQ NTSC transmission algorithm to determine visual difference.
  • No dependencies for .png comparison

Coming in the nearest future:

  • Support different image formats .jpeg, .tiff and .bmp
  • Reading image from memory buffer
  • Reading images from url

Usage

Basic comparison

Run the simple comparison. Image paths can be one of supported formats, diff output can only be .png.

odiff <IMG1 path> <IMG2 path> <DIFF output path>

Node.js

We also provides direct node.js binding for the odiff. Run the odiff from nodejs:

const { compare } = require("odiff-bin");

const { match, reason } = await compare(
  "path/to/first/image.png",
  "path/to/second/image.png",
  "path/to/diff.png"
);

Api

Here is an api reference:

CLI

The best way to get up-to-date cli interface is just to type the

odiff --help

Node.js

NodeJS Api is pretty tiny as well. Here is a typescript interface we have:

export type ODiffOptions = Partial<{
  /** Color used to highlight different pixels in the output (in hex format e.g. #cd2cc9). */
  diffColor: string;
  /** Output full diff image. */
  outputDiffMask: boolean;
  /** Do not compare images and produce output if images layout is different. */
  failOnLayoutDiff: boolean;
  /** Color difference threshold (from 0 to 1). Less more precise. */
  threshold: number;
  /** If this is true, antialiased pixels are not counted to the diff of an image */
  antialiasing: boolean;
  /** An array of regions to ignore in the diff. */
  ignoreRegions: Array<{
    x1: number,
    y1: number,
    x2: number,
    y2: number,
  }>;
}>;

declare function compare(
  basePath: string,
  comparePath: string,
  diffPath: string,
  options?: ODiffOptions
): Promise<
  | { match: true }
  | { match: false; reason: "layout-diff" }
  | {
      match: false;
      reason: "pixel-diff";
      /** Amount of different pixels */
      diffCount: number;
      /** Percentage of different pixels in the whole image */
      diffPercentage: number;
    }
>;

export { compare };
"

Compare option will return { match: true } if images are identical. Otherwise return { match: false, reason: "*" } with a reason why images were different.

Make sure that diff output file will be created only if images have pixel difference we can see 👀

Installation

We provide prebuilt binaries for most of the used platforms, there are a few ways to install them:

Cross-platform

The recommended and cross-platform way to install this lib is npm and node.js. Make sure that this package is compiled directly to the platform binary executable, so the npm package contains all binaries and post-install script will automatically link the right one for the current platform.

Important: package name is odiff-bin. But the binary itself is odiff

npm install odiff-bin

Then give it a try 👀

odiff --help

MacOS

⛔️ Doesn't work. Waiting for brew approve ⛔️

brew install odiff

Alpine Linux

apk add odiff

From binaries

Download the binaries for your platform from release page.

Benchmarks

Run the benchmarks by yourself. Instructions of how to run the benchmark is here

benchmark

Performance matters. At least for sort of tasks like visual regression. For example, if you are running 25000 image snapshots per month you can save 20 hours of CI time per month by speeding up comparison time in just 3 seconds per snapshot.

3s * 25000 / 3600 = 20,83333 hours

Here is odiff performance comparison with other popular visual difference solutions. We are going to compare some real-world use cases.

Lets compare 2 screenshots of full-size https://cypress.io page:

Command Mean [s] Min [s] Max [s] Relative
pixelmatch www.cypress.io-1.png www.cypress.io.png www.cypress-diff.png 7.712 ± 0.069 7.664 7.896 6.67 ± 0.03
ImageMagick compare www.cypress.io-1.png www.cypress.io.png -compose src diff-magick.png 8.881 ± 0.121 8.692 9.066 7.65 ± 0.04
odiff www.cypress.io-1.png www.cypress.io.png www.cypress-diff.png 1.168 ± 0.008 1.157 1.185 1.00

Wow. Odiff is mostly 6 times faster than imagemagick and pixelmatch. And this will be even clearer if image will become larger. Lets compare an 8k image to find a difference with another 8k image:

Command Mean [s] Min [s] Max [s] Relative
pixelmatch water-4k.png water-4k-2.png water-diff.png 10.614 ± 0.162 10.398 10.910 5.50 ± 0.05
Imagemagick compare water-4k.png water-4k-2.png -compose src water-diff.png 9.326 ± 0.436 8.819 10.394 5.24 ± 0.10
odiff water-4k.png water-4k-2.png water-diff.png 1.951 ± 0.014 1.936 1.981 1.00

Yes it is significant improvement. And the produced difference will be the same for all 3 commands.

Changelog

If you have recently updated, please read the changelog for details of what has changed.

License

The project is licensed under the terms of MIT license

Thanks

This project was highly inspired by pixelmatch and imagemagick.

Support the project

...one day a donation button will appear here. But for now you can follow author's twitter :)